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Muscle regeneration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928519/can-muscle-protein-metabolism-be-specifically-targeted-by-exercise-training-in-copd
#1
REVIEW
Davina C M Simoes, Ioannis Vogiatzis
Patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) frequently exhibit unintentional accentuated peripheral muscle loss and dysfunction. Skeletal muscle mass in these patients is a strong independent predictor of morbidity and mortality. Factors including protein anabolism/catabolism imbalance, hypoxia, physical inactivity, inflammation, and oxidative stress are involved in the initiation and progression of muscle wasting in these patients. Exercise training remains the most powerful intervention for reversing, in part, muscle wasting in COPD...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924655/genetic-mutations-and-demographic-clinical-and-morphological-aspects-of-myofibrillar-myopathy-in-a-french-cohort
#2
Alzira Alves de Siqueira Carvalho, Emmanuele Lacene, Guy Brochier, Clémance Labasse, Angeline Madelaine, Vinicius Gomes da Silva, Roseli Corazzini, Konstantinos Papadopoulos, Anthony Behin, Pascal Laforêt, Tania Stojkovic, Bruno Eymard, Michel Fardeau, Norma Romero
BACKGROUND: Protein aggregate myopathies (PAM) represent a group of familial or sporadic neuromuscular conditions with marked clinical and genetic heterogeneity that occur in children and adults. Familial PAM includes myofibrillar myopathies defined by the presence of desmin-positive protein aggregates and degenerative intermyofibrillar network changes. PAM is often caused by dysfunctional genes, such as DES, PLEC 1, CRYAB, FLNC, MYOT, ZASP, BAG3, FHL1, and DNAJB6. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze genetic mutations and demographic, clinical, and morphological aspects of PAM in a French population...
June 2018: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924302/role-of-proteoglycans-and-glycosaminoglycans-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#3
Laurino Carmen, Vadala Maria, Julio Cesar Morales-Medina, Annamaria Vallelunga, Beniamino Palmieri, Tommaso Iannitti
Duchenne Muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an inherited fatal X-linked myogenic disorder with a prevalence of 1 in 3500 male live births. It affects voluntary muscles, and heart and breathing muscles. DMD is characterised by continuous degeneration and regeneration cycles resulting in extensive fibrosis and a progressive reduction in muscle mass. Since the identification of a reduction in dystrophin protein as the cause of this disorder, numerous innovative and experimental therapies, focusing on increasing the levels of dystrophin, have been proposed, but the clinical improvement has been unsatisfactory...
June 19, 2018: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922174/diet-induced-obesity-affects-muscle-regeneration-after-murine-blunt-muscle-trauma-a-broad-spectrum-analysis
#4
Pengfei Xu, Jens-Uwe Werner, Sebastian Milerski, Carmen M Hamp, Tatjana Kuzenko, Markus Jähnert, Pascal Gottmann, Luisa de Roy, Daniela Warnecke, Alireza Abaei, Annette Palmer, Markus Huber-Lang, Lutz Dürselen, Volker Rasche, Annette Schürmann, Martin Wabitsch, Uwe Knippschild
Injury to skeletal muscle affects millions of people worldwide. The underlying regenerative process however, is a very complex mechanism, time-wise highly coordinated, and subdivided in an initial inflammatory, a regenerative and a remodeling phase. Muscle regeneration can be impaired by several factors, among them diet-induced obesity (DIO). In order to evaluate if obesity negatively affects healing processes after trauma, we utilized a blunt injury approach to damage the extensor iliotibialis anticus muscle on the left hind limb of obese and normal weight C57BL/6J without showing any significant differences in force input between normal weight and obese mice...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920403/cd4-t-cells-regulate-angiogenesis-and-myogenesis
#5
Brian J Kwee, Erica Budina, Alexander J Najibi, David J Mooney
Ischemic diseases, such as peripheral artery disease, affect millions of people worldwide. While CD4+ T-cells regulate angiogenesis and myogenesis, it is not understood how the phenotype of these adaptive immune cells regulate these regenerative processes. The secreted factors from different types of CD4+ T-cells (Th1, Th2, Th17, and Treg) were utilized in a series of in vitro assays and delivered from an injectable alginate biomaterial into a murine model of ischemia to study their effects on vascular and skeletal muscle regeneration...
June 6, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915198/mir-129-controls-axonal-regeneration-via-regulating-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-in-peripheral-nerve-injury
#6
Hui Zhu, Chengbin Xue, Min Yao, Hongkui Wang, Ping Zhang, Tianmei Qian, Songlin Zhou, Shiying Li, Bin Yu, Yongjun Wang, Xiaosong Gu
The microenvironment of peripheral nerve regeneration consists of multiple neurotrophic factors, adhesion molecules, and extracellular matrix molecules, secreted by unique glial cells in the peripheral nerve system (PNS)-Schwann cell (SCs). Following peripheral nerve injury (PNI), local IGF-1 production is upregulated in SCs and denervated muscle during axonal sprouting and regeneration. Regulation of IGF-1/IGF-1R signaling is considered as a potentially targeted therapy of PNI. We previously identified a group of novel miRNAs in proximal nerve following rat sciatic nerve transection...
June 18, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913145/fibromodulin-modulates-myoblast-differentiation-by-controlling-calcium-channel
#7
Eun Ju Lee, Joo Hyun Nam, Inho Choi
Fibromodulin (FMOD) is a proteoglycan present in extracellular matrix (ECM). Based on our previous findings that FMOD controls myoblast differentiation by regulating the gene expressions of collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1α1) and integral membrane protein 2 A (Itm2a), we undertook this study to investigate relationships between FMOD and calcium channels and to understand further the mechanism by which they control myoblast differentiation. Gene expression studies and luciferase reporter assays showed FMOD affected calcium channel gene expressions by regulating calcium channel gene promoter, and patch-clamp experiments showed both L- and T-type calcium channel currents were almost undetectable in FMOD knocked down cells...
June 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912619/linc-smad7-promotes-myoblast-differentiation-and-muscle-regeneration-via-sponging-mir-125b
#8
Chengchuang Song, Jian Wang, Yilei Ma, Zhaoxin Yang, Dong Dong, Hui Li, Jiameng Yang, Yongzhen Huang, Martin Plath, Yun Ma, Hong Chen
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the regulation of skeletal muscle development. In the present study, differentially expressed lncRNAs were identified from RNA-seq data derived from myoblasts and myotubes. We conducted studies to elucidate the function and molecular mechanism of action of Linc-smad7 during skeletal muscle development. Our findings show that Linc-smad7 is upregulated during the early phase of myoblasts differentiation. In in vitro studies, we showed that overexpression of Linc-smad7 promoted the arrest of myoblasts in G1 phase, inhibited DNA replication, and induced myoblast differentiation...
June 18, 2018: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910736/thyroid-hormones-play-role-in-sarcopenia-and-myopathies
#9
Flavia F Bloise, Thamires S Oliveira, Aline Cordeiro, Tania M Ortiga-Carvalho
Skeletal muscle maintains posture and enables movement by converting chemical energy into mechanical energy, further contributing to basal energy metabolism. Thyroid hormones (thyroxine, or T4, and triiodothyronine, or T3) participate in contractile function, metabolic processes, myogenesis and regeneration of skeletal muscle. T3 classically modulates gene expression after binding to thyroid hormone nuclear receptors. Thyroid hormone effects depend on nuclear receptor occupancy, which is directly related to intracellular T3 levels...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909241/bone-breaking-infections-a-focus-on-bacterial-and-mosquito-borne-viral-infections
#10
REVIEW
Yan Chao Cui, Qiong Wu, Seoh Wei Teh, Amira Peli, Gang Bu, Yu Sheng Qiu, Giovanni Benelli, S Suresh Kumar
The recent global resurgence of arthritogenic alphaviruses, including Ross River, chikungunya, and dengue, highlights an urgency for the development of therapeutic strategies. Currently, dengue represents the most rapidly transmitting mosquito-borne viral disease worldwide. By contracting bone breaking diseases, patients experience devastating clinical manifestations involving muscle pain and bone loss. The bone self-repair and regeneration mechanisms can be damaged by the presence of viruses and bacteria. The rapid establishment of dengue epidemic and the severity of bacterial and viral infections affecting the bone stress the urgent need of developing effective interventions...
June 14, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907154/temporal-changes-in-macrophage-phenotype-after-peripheral-nerve-injury
#11
Joy E Tomlinson, Emilija Žygelytė, Jennifer K Grenier, Michael G Edwards, Jonathan Cheetham
BACKGROUND: Macrophages play a key role in peripheral nerve repair and demonstrate complex phenotypes that are highly dependent on microenvironmental cues. METHODS: We determined temporal changes in macrophage gene expression over time using RNA sequencing after fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) macrophage populations from injured peripheral nerve. We identified key upstream regulators and dominant pathways using ingenuity pathway analysis and confirmed these changes with NanoString technology...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905752/gga-let-7f-3p-promotes-apoptosis-in-selenium-deficiency-induced-skeletal-muscle-by-targeting-selenoprotein-k
#12
Rui-Feng Fan, Chang-Yu Cao, Meng-Hao Chen, Qun-Xiang Shi, Shi-Wen Xu
Selenoprotein K (SELENOK) is primarily observed in the endoplasmic reticulum, and serves to maintain the normal physiological functions of skeletal muscle. Skeletal muscle development and regeneration are associated with significant changes in the expression of specific microRNAs (miRNAs). Downregulated SELENOK expression is observed in chicken muscles deficient of Se. However, the mechanisms of miRNA regulation of SELENOK expression remain elusive. Here, deep sequencing was used to detect the miRNA profiles of muscle in Se deficient (-Se group) and normal (C group) chickens...
June 15, 2018: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905561/the-impact-of-the-acrylic-monomer-on-the-morphological-structure-of-rat-lingual-mucosa
#13
V Davydenko, I Starchenko, А Davydenko, V Trufanova, V Kuznetsov
The analysis of publications shows that diverse multiple factors can induce changes in taste sensitivity and the main irritants are the chemicals of different types. However, the study of the effect of the components of dental structural materials on the state of lingual mucosa, in particular, taste sensors, has not been fully elucidated to date. The purpose of the paper was the study of the effect of monomer of the "Ftoraks" base acrylic resin on the state of the rats' lingual mucosa within 2-4 weeks after its impact...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903601/optimal-skin-regeneration-after-full-thickness-thermal-burn-injury-in-the-spiny-mouse-acomys-cahirinus
#14
Malcolm Maden
The spiny mouse, Acomys cahirinus, shows remarkable regenerative abilities after excisional skin wounding by regrowing hair, sebaceous glands, smooth muscle, skeletal muscle and dermis without scarring. We have asked here whether this same regeneration can be seen after full thickness thermal burn injuries. Using a brass rod thermal injury model we show that in contrast to the lab mouse, Mus musculus, which forms a thick scar covered by a hairless epidermis, the spiny mouse regenerates all the tissues injured - skeletal muscle, dermis, hairs, sebaceous glands such that the skin is externally indistinguishable from its original appearance...
June 11, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902904/-effects-of-tanshinone-%C3%A2-a-sulfonate-on-nerve-regeneration-after-cryopreserved-sciatic-nerve-allograft-in-rats
#15
Zi-Jian Li, Ying-Ru Huang, Huan-Huan Zeng, Xiong Deng, Yi Wang, Song Zhang
In order to investigate the protective effect of tanshinone ⅡA sulfonate on the sciatic nerve activty in rats after cryopreservation as well as the nerve regeneration and functional recovery after allograft and its possible mechanism, Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divded into four groups at different doses of tanshinone ⅡA sulfonate (A 0 mg·L⁻¹, B 80 mg·L⁻¹, C 160 mg·L⁻¹, D 480 mg·L⁻¹) cryopreserved at -80 °C for 24 weeks. Fresh control group nerve segments were harvested without cryopreservation...
May 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899362/attenuation-of-autophagy-impacts-on-muscle-fibre-development-starvation-induced-stress-and-fibre-regeneration-following-acute-injury
#16
Andrea Paolini, Saleh Omairi, Robert Mitchell, Danielle Vaughan, Antonios Matsakas, Sakthivel Vaiyapuri, Thomas Ricketts, David C Rubinsztein, Ketan Patel
Autophagy has been implicated as a major factor in the development of a number of diseases of skeletal muscle. However, its role in skeletal muscle homeostasis is still evolving. We examined skeletal muscle architecture in a mouse model, Atg16L1, where autophagy is attenuated but importantly still present. We show that muscle fibres from Atg16L1 mice were smaller than wild-type counterparts, proving a role for this process in the growth of these cells. We show that mild attenuation of autophagy results in accelerated muscle loss during the initial phase of acute starvation...
June 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896309/a-smart-bilayered-scaffold-supporting-keratinocytes-and-muscle-cells-in-micro-nano-scale-for-urethral-reconstruction
#17
XiangGuo Lv, Chao Feng, YiDong Liu, XuFeng Peng, ShiYan Chen, DongDong Xiao, HuaPing Wang, Zhe Li, YueMin Xu, MuJun Lu
Rationale: In urethral tissue engineering, the currently available reconstructive procedures are insufficient due to a lack of appropriate scaffolds that would support the needs of various cell types. To address this problem, we developed a bilayer scaffold comprising a microporous network of silk fibroin (SF) and a nanoporous bacterial cellulose (BC) scaffold and evaluated its feasibility and potential for long-segment urethral regeneration in a dog model. Methods: The freeze-drying and self-assembling method was used to fabricate the bilayer scaffold by stationary cultivation G...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895327/conditioned-medium-from-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-inhibits-vascular-calcification-through-blockade-of-the-bmp2-smad1-5-8-signaling-pathway
#18
Shuangshuang Wang, Siwang Hu, Jian Wang, Yahui Liu, Ruochi Zhao, Maoqing Tong, Hanbin Cui, Nan Wu, Xiaomin Chen
BACKGROUND: Arterial calcification is associated with cardiovascular disease as a complication of advanced atherosclerosis and is a significant contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Osteoblastic differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays an important role in arterial calcification and is characterized by cellular necrosis, inflammation, and lipoprotein and phospholipid complexes, especially in atherosclerotic calcification. The conditioned medium from bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC-CM) is well known as a rich source of autologous cytokines and is universally used for tissue regeneration in current clinical medicine...
June 13, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892259/abnormalities-in-skeletal-muscle-myogenesis-growth-and-regeneration-in-myotonic-dystrophy
#19
REVIEW
Laurène M André, C Rosanne M Ausems, Derick G Wansink, Bé Wieringa
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) and 2 (DM2) are autosomal dominant degenerative neuromuscular disorders characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, atrophy, and myotonia with progeroid features. Although both DM1 and DM2 are characterized by skeletal muscle dysfunction and also share other clinical features, the diseases differ in the muscle groups that are affected. In DM1, distal muscles are mainly affected, whereas in DM2 problems are mostly found in proximal muscles. In addition, manifestation in DM1 is generally more severe, with possible congenital or childhood-onset of disease and prominent CNS involvement...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892004/perfect-chronic-skeletal-muscle-regeneration-in-adult-spiny-mice-acomys-cahirinus
#20
Malcolm Maden, Jason Orr Brant, Andres Rubiano, Aaron Gabriel W Sandoval, Chelsey Simmons, Robert Mitchell, Henry Collin-Hooper, Jason Jacobson, Saleh Omairi, Ketan Patel
The spiny mouse, Acomys cahirinus, is an adult mammal capable of remarkable feats of scar-free tissue regeneration after damage to several organs including the skin and the heart. Here we investigate the regenerative properties of the skeletal muscle of A. cahirinus tibialis anterior in comparison to the lab mouse, Mus musculus. The A. cahirinus TA showed a similar distribution of myosin heavy chain fibre types and a reduced proportion of oxidative fibres compared to M. musculus. There were differences in the matrix components of the TA with regard to collagen VI and the biomechanical properties...
June 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
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