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Muscle regeneration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721121/does-the-injection-of-platelet-rich-plasma-induce-changes-in-the-gene-expression-and-morphology-of-intact-thoroughbred-skeletal-muscle
#1
Kentaro Fukuda, Hirofumi Miyata, Atsutoshi Kuwano, Taisuke Kuroda, Norihisa Tamura, Yasumitsu Kotoyori, Yoshinori Kasashima
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy is promising for treating skeletal muscle injuries in human athletes by promoting muscle regeneration. It might also be useful for treating muscle injuries in equine athletes. In the present study, muscle regeneration induced by injection of PRP into intact muscle of Thoroughbred was investigated. Autologous PRP and saline were injected twice into intact left and right gluteus medius muscles of seven clinically healthy Thoroughbreds. Muscle samples were collected from the injection sites by needle biopsy at 2 and 7 days after PRP injection...
2017: Journal of Equine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717622/semitendinosus-muscle-architecture-during-maximum-isometric-contractions-in-individuals-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-controls
#2
Evagelos Karagiannidis, Eleftherios Kellis, Nikiforos Galanis, Baltzopoulos Vasilios
BACKGROUND: The most widely used graft as a replacement in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is the semitendinosus (ST) tendon graft. After harvesting for ACL reconstruction, the hamstring tendon regenerates in most people and becomes similar to normal. The effect of graft harvest on muscle morphology and function remains unclear. The present study aimed to examine the morphology of the ST during isometric contraction after harvesting the ST tendon for ACL reconstruction...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717506/injectable-scaffold-materials-differ-in-their-cell-instructive-effects-on-primary-human-myoblasts
#3
Eva Kildall Hejbøl, Jeeva Sellathurai, Prabha Damodaran Nair, Henrik Daa Schrøder
Scaffolds are materials used for delivery of cells for regeneration of tissues. They support three-dimensional organization and improve cell survival. For the repair of small skeletal muscles, injections of small volumes of cells are attractive, and injectable scaffolds for delivery of cells offer a minimally invasive technique. In this study, we examined in vitro the cell instructive effects of three types of injectable scaffolds, fibrin, alginate, and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-based microparticles on primary human myoblasts...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717251/transdifferentiated-human-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-are-a-new-potential-cell-source-for-endothelial-regeneration
#4
Xuechong Hong, Andriana Margariti, Alexandra Le Bras, Laureen Jacquet, Wei Kong, Yanhua Hu, Qingbo Xu
Endothelial dysfunction is widely implicated in cardiovascular pathological changes and development of vascular disease. In view of the fact that the spontaneous endothelial cell (EC) regeneration is a slow and insufficient process, it is of great interest to explore alternative cell sources capable of generating functional ECs. Vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) composes the majority of the vascular wall and retains phenotypic plasticity in response to various stimuli. The aim of this study is to test the feasibility of the conversion of SMC into functional EC through the use of reprogramming factors...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717093/paraneoplastic-anti-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutary-coenzyme-a-reductase-antibody-positive-immune-mediated-necrotizing-myopathy-in-a-patient-with-uterine-cancer
#5
Atsushi Mizuma, Maiko Kouchi, Shizuka Netsu, Sachiko Yutani, Ruriko Kitao, Shigeaki Suzuki, Kenya Murata, Eiichiro Nagata, Shunya Takizawa
We report the case of a 69-year-old woman with proximal limb muscle weakness, who received post-operative chemotherapy for uterine cancer. Her serum creatinine kinase level was high (10,779 mg/dL) and a muscle biopsy from her left biceps revealed various sizes of muscle fibers accompanied by necrotic and regenerating fibers. She was positive for anti-3 hydroxy-3-methylglutary-coenzyme A reductase (anti-HMGCR) antibodies, but negative for anti-signal recognition particle (anti-SRP) antibodies. She was diagnosed with immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy (IMNM) and treated with prednisolone...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716587/botulinum-neurotoxin-a-promotes-functional-recovery-after-peripheral-nerve-injury-by-increasing-regeneration-of-myelinated-fibers
#6
Stefano Cobianchi, Jessica Jaramillo, Siro Luvisetto, Flaminia Pavone, Xavier Navarro
The injection of safe doses of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A) have been reported to be useful for the treatment of neuropathic pain, but it is still unknown how functional recovery is induced after peripheral nerve injury. We evaluated the effects of intranerve application of BoNT/A, on regeneration and sensorimotor functional recovery in partial and complete peripheral nerve injuries in the mouse. After sciatic nerve crush (SNC) and intranerve delivery of BoNT/A (15 pg), axonal regeneration was measured by nerve pinch test at different days...
July 14, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715470/impairment-of-cold-injury-induced-muscle-regeneration-in-mice-receiving-a-combination-of-bone-fracture-and-alendronate-treatment
#7
Shigeo Kawada, Atsushi Harada, Naohiro Hashimoto
Alendronate, a nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, is well established as a treatment for osteoporosis through regulation of osteoclast activity. Previously, the pharmacological effects of bisphosphonates on cells outside the bone environment have been considered irrelevant because bisphosphonates target bone. Here we show that administration of alendronate impairs muscle regeneration in mice after bone fracture. A series of injections of alendronate alone or bone fracture alone did not affect muscle regeneration induced by cold injury...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714082/in-situ-macrophage-phenotypic-transition-is-affected-by-altered-cellular-composition-prior-to-acute-sterile-muscle-injury
#8
Andreas Patsalos, Attila Pap, Tamas Varga, Gyorgy Trencsenyi, Gerardo Alvarado Contreras, Ildiko Garai, Zoltan Papp, Balazs Dezso, Eva Pintye, Laszlo Nagy
Skeletal muscle regeneration is a complex interplay between various cell types including invading macrophages. Their recruitment to damaged tissues upon acute sterile injuries is necessary for necrotic debris clearance and for coordination of tissue regeneration. This highly dynamic process is characterized by an in-situ transition of infiltrating monocytes from an inflammatory (Ly6C(high) ) to a repair (Ly6C(low) ) macrophage phenotype. The importance of the macrophage phenotypic shift and the cross-talk of the local muscle tissue with the infiltrating macrophages during tissue regeneration upon injury are not fully understood and their study lacks adequate methodology...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713664/cdk-inhibitors-for-muscle-stem-cell-differentiation-and-self-renewal
#9
Amrudha Mohan, Atsushi Asakura
Regeneration of muscle is undertaken by muscle stem cell populations named satellite cells which are normally quiescent or at the G0 phase of the cell cycle. However, upon signals from damaged muscle, satellite cells lose their quiescence, and enter the G1 cell cycle phase to expand the population of satellite cell progenies termed myogenic precursor cells (MPCs). Eventually, MPCs stop their cell cycle and undergo terminal differentiation to form skeletal muscle fibers. Some MPCs retract to quiescent satellite cells as a self-renewal process...
2017: J Phys Fit Sports Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711374/the-components-of-shoulder-and-elbow-movements-as-goals-of-primary-reconstructive-operation-in-obstetric-brachial-plexus-lesions
#10
Jerzy Luszawski, Wiesław Marcol, Marek Mandera
Most of the cases of obstetric brachial plexus lesions (OBPL) show satisfactory improvement with conservative management, but in about 25% some surgical treatment is indicated. The present paper analyzes the effects of primary reconstructive surgeries in aspect of achieving delineated intraoperatively goals. Children operated before the age of 18 months with follow-up period longer than 1 year were selected. Therapeutic goals established during the operation were identified by analysis of initial clinical status and operative protocols...
June 30, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709001/ciliary-hedgehog-signaling-restricts-injury-induced-adipogenesis
#11
Daniel Kopinke, Elle C Roberson, Jeremy F Reiter
Injured skeletal muscle regenerates, but with age or in muscular dystrophies, muscle is replaced by fat. Upon injury, muscle-resident fibro/adipogenic progenitors (FAPs) proliferated and gave rise to adipocytes. These FAPs dynamically produced primary cilia, structures that transduce intercellular cues such as Hedgehog (Hh) signals. Genetically removing cilia from FAPs inhibited intramuscular adipogenesis, both after injury and in a mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Blocking FAP ciliation also enhanced myofiber regeneration after injury and reduced myofiber size decline in the muscular dystrophy model...
July 13, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708000/reactive-oxygen-species-and-mitochondrial-homeostasis-as-regulators-of-stem-cell-fate-and-function
#12
Darren Qiancheng Tan, Toshio Suda
SIGNIFICANCE: The precise role and impact of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in stem cells, which are essential for lifelong tissue homeostasis and regeneration, remains of significant interest to the field. The long-term regenerative potential of a stem cell compartment is determined by the delicate balance between quiescence, self-renewal and differentiation; all of which can be influenced by ROS levels. Recent advances: The past decade has seen a growing appreciation for the importance of ROS and redox homeostasis in various stem cell compartments; particularly those of hematopoietic, neural and muscle tissues...
July 14, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705613/aging-related-effects-of-bed-rest-followed-by-eccentric-exercise-rehabilitation-on-skeletal-muscle-macrophages-and-insulin-sensitivity
#13
Paul T Reidy, Catherine C Lindsay, Alec I McKenzie, Christopher S Fry, Mark A Supiano, Robin L Marcus, Paul C LaStayo, Micah J Drummond
The pro- and anti-inflammatory macrophages are associated with insulin sensitivity and skeletal muscle regeneration. Infiltrating macrophages in skeletal muscle during a period of physical inactivity and subsequent reloading/rehabilitation in older adults is unknown, but may provide insight into mechanisms related to the development of metabolic disease and changes in muscle cell size. The purpose of this study was to determine if skeletal muscle macrophage infiltration is modulated differently between young and older adults after bed rest and exercise rehabilitation and if these responses are related to muscle and insulin sensitivity changes...
July 10, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702986/electromagnetic-field-in-control-tissue-regeneration-pelvic-pain-neuro-inflammation-and-modulation-of-non-neuronal-cells
#14
S E Aragona, G Mereghetti, G Gianazza, A Salsa, G Gianazza, J Lotti, A Vosa, T Lotti, E Canavesi
In scientific literature, magnetic fields are used both in basic science and clinical research. They are often used to treat pain and neuro-inflammation disorders thanks to their influence on cellular responses. Our project was born from the regenerative support that we wanted to give to those diseases characterized by neuro-inflammation, nerve lesion, muscles and tissues disorders that can transform the symptom (e.g. neuropathic pelvic pain) in disease. In this study, we examined the action of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) on skin lesion regeneration and the repetitive trans-pelvic magnetic stimulation (rTPMS) on patients affected by incontinence and post-surgical problems, sexual dysfunction, and pelvic pain...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702900/selected-in-season-nutritional-strategies-to-enhance-recovery-for-team-sport-athletes-a-practical-overview
#15
REVIEW
Lisa E Heaton, Jon K Davis, Eric S Rawson, Ryan P Nuccio, Oliver C Witard, Kimberly W Stein, Keith Baar, James M Carter, Lindsay B Baker
Team sport athletes face a variety of nutritional challenges related to recovery during the competitive season. The purpose of this article is to review nutrition strategies related to muscle regeneration, glycogen restoration, fatigue, physical and immune health, and preparation for subsequent training bouts and competitions. Given the limited opportunities to recover between training bouts and games throughout the competitive season, athletes must be deliberate in their recovery strategy. Foundational components of recovery related to protein, carbohydrates, and fluid have been extensively reviewed and accepted...
July 12, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702326/rev-erb-co-regulates-muscle-regeneration-via-tethered-interaction-with-the-nf-y-cistrome
#16
Ryan D Welch, Chun Guo, Monideepa Sengupta, Katherine J Carpenter, Natalie A Stephens, Stacy A Arnett, Marvin J Meyers, Lauren M Sparks, Steven R Smith, Jinsong Zhang, Thomas P Burris, Colin A Flaveny
OBJECTIVE: The loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength are a central feature of traumatic injury and degenerative myopathies. Unfortunately, pharmacological interventions typically fail to stem the long-term decline in quality of life. Reduced Rev-Erb-mediated gene suppression in cultured C2C12 myoblasts has been shown to stimulate myoblast differentiation. Yet the mechanisms that allow Rev-Erb to pleiotropically inhibit muscle differentiation are not well understood. In this study, we sought to elucidate the role of Rev-Erb in the regulation of muscle differentiation and regeneration in vivo...
July 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701357/a-tale-of-two-niches-differential-functions-for-vcam-1-in-satellite-cells-under-basal-and-injured-conditions
#17
Hyo-Jung Choo, James P Canner, Katherine E Vest, Zachary Thompson, Grace K Pavlath
Cell-cell adhesion molecules play key roles in maintaining quiescence or promoting activation of various stem cells in their niche. Muscle stem cells called satellite cells (SC) are critical for skeletal muscle regeneration after injury but little is known about the role of adhesion molecules in regulating the behavior of these stem cells. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) is a cell-cell adhesion protein expressed on quiescent and activated SC whose function is unknown in this context. We deleted Vcam1 from SC using an inducible Cre recombinase in young mice...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701175/isolation-and-characterization-of-equine-endometrial-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#18
B Elisabeth Rink, Karin R Amilon, Cristina L Esteves, Hilari M French, Elaine Watson, Christine Aurich, F Xavier Donadeu
BACKGROUND: Equine mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) are most commonly harvested from bone marrow (BM) or adipose tissue, requiring the use of surgical procedures. By contrast, the uterus can be accessed nonsurgically, and may provide a more readily available cell source. While human endometrium is known to harbor mesenchymal precursor cells, MSCs have not been identified in equine endometrium. This study reports the isolation, culture, and characterization of MSCs from equine endometrium...
July 12, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698718/the-holy-grail-of-orthopedic-surgery-mesenchymal-stem-cells-their-current-uses-and-potential-applications
#19
REVIEW
Roberto Berebichez-Fridman, Ricardo Gómez-García, Julio Granados-Montiel, Enrique Berebichez-Fastlicht, Anell Olivos-Meza, Julio Granados, Cristina Velasquillo, Clemente Ibarra
Only select tissues and organs are able to spontaneously regenerate after disease or trauma, and this regenerative capacity diminishes over time. Human stem cell research explores therapeutic regenerative approaches to treat various conditions. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are derived from adult stem cells; they are multipotent and exert anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects. They can differentiate into multiple cell types of the mesenchyme, for example, endothelial cells, osteoblasts, chondrocytes, fibroblasts, tenocytes, vascular smooth muscle cells, and sarcomere muscular cells...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697464/laminin-111-enriched-fibrin-hydrogels-for-skeletal-muscle-regeneration
#20
Madison Marcinczyk, Hady Elmashhady, Muhamed Talovic, Andrew Dunn, Faiz Bugis, Koyal Garg
Laminin (LM)-111 supplementation has improved muscle regeneration in several models of disease and injury. This study investigated a novel hydrogel composed of fibrinogen and LM-111. Increasing LM-111 concentration (50-450 μg/mL) in fibrin hydrogels resulted in highly fibrous scaffolds with progressively thinner interlaced fibers. Rheological testing showed that all hydrogels had viscoelastic behavior and the Young's modulus ranged from 2-6KPa. C2C12 myobalsts showed a significant increase in VEGF production and decrease in IL-6 production on LM-111 enriched fibrin hydrogels as compared to pure fibrin hydrogels on day 4...
July 3, 2017: Biomaterials
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