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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332249/correlation-of-flow-density-as-measured-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-with-structural-and-functional-parameters-in-glaucoma-patients
#1
Maged Alnawaiseh, Larissa Lahme, Viktoria Müller, André Rosentreter, Nicole Eter
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between flow density, as measured by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and structural and functional parameters in patients with open-angle glaucoma. METHODS: Thirty-four eyes of 34 patients with open-angle glaucoma and 35 eyes of 35 healthy subjects were prospectively included in this study. OCTA was performed using RTVue XR Avanti with AngioVue. The macula was imaged with a 3 × 3 mm scan and the optic nerve head (ONH) with a 4...
January 13, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329061/experimental-effects-of-acute-exercise-duration-and-exercise-recovery-on-mood-state
#2
Elizabeth A Crush, Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence suggests that, in addition to various psychosocial parameters, affective responses to exercise play an important role in subserving future exercise behavior. This study comprehensively evaluated whether acute exercise duration and recovery period influenced the relationship between moderate-intensity walking exercise and mood profile. METHOD: We employed a randomized controlled cross-over trial. Participants completed two laboratory visits, separated by one-week...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327379/influence-of-varying-stem-and-metaphyseal-sleeve-size-on-the-primary-stability-of-cementless-revision-tibial-trays-used-to-reconstruct-aori-iia-defects-a-simulation-study
#3
Maged Awadalla, Rami M A Al-Dirini, Dermot O'Rourke, Lucian Bogdan Solomon, Mark Heldreth, Mark Taylor
Traditionally, diaphyseal stems have been utilized to augment the stability of revision total knee replacement (rTKR) implants. More recently metaphyseal augments, such as sleeves, have been introduced to further augment component fixation. The effect of augments such as stems and sleeves have on the primary stability of a rTKR implant is poorly understood, however it has important implications on the complexity, costs and survivorship of the procedure. Finite element analysis was used to investigate the primary stability and strain distribution of various size stems and sleeves used in conjunction with a cementless revision tibial tray...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327168/social-media-social-comparison-of-ability-but-not-opinion-predicts-lower-identity-clarity-identity-processing-style-as-a-mediator
#4
Chia-Chen Yang, Sean M Holden, Mollie D K Carter
Social comparison on social media has received increasing attention, but most research has focused on one type of social comparison and its psycho-emotional implications. Little is known about how different types of social comparison influence youth's identity development. Drawing on the theories of identity processing styles and social comparison, we examined how two different forms of social comparison on social media related to three identity processing styles, which in turn predicted youth's global self-esteem and identity clarity...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325592/magnesium-sulphate-for-fetal-neuroprotection-to-prevent-cerebral-palsy-mag-cp-implementation-of-a-national-guideline-in-canada
#5
Dane A De Silva, Anne R Synnes, Peter von Dadelszen, Tang Lee, Jeffrey N Bone, Laura A Magee
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) for women at risk of imminent birth at < 32-34 weeks to reduce the likelihood of cerebral palsy in the child. MAGnesium sulphate for fetal neuroprotection to prevent Cerebral Palsy (MAG-CP) was a multifaceted knowledge translation (KT) strategy for this practice. METHODS: The KT strategy included national clinical practice guidelines, a national online e-learning module and, at MAG-CP sites, educational rounds, focus group discussions and surveys of barriers and facilitators...
January 11, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320955/therapeutic-roles-of-statins-in-gynecology-and-obstetrics-the-current-evidence
#6
Burak Zeybek, Maged Costantine, Gokhan S Kilic, Mostafa A Borahay
INTRODUCTION: Statins are a class of drugs, which act by inhibiting the rate-limiting enzyme of cholesterol biosynthesis (3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase). The inhibition of mevalonate synthesis leads to subsequent inhibition of downstream products of this pathway, which explains the pleiotropic effects of these agents in addition to their well-known lipid-lowering effects. Accumulating evidence suggests that statins might be beneficial in various obstetric and gynecologic conditions...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320444/preliminary-analyses-showed-short-term-mental-health-improvements-after-a-single-day-manager-training
#7
Elena Boysen, Birgitta Schiller, Kathrin Mörtl, Harald Gündel, Michael Hölzer
Psychosocial working conditions attract more and more attention when it comes to mental health in the workplace. Trying to support managers to deal with their own as well as their employees' psychological risk factors, we conducted a specific manager training. Within this investigation, we wanted to learn about the training's effects and acceptance. A single-day manager training was provided in a large industrial company in Germany. The participants were asked to fill out questionnaires regarding their own physical and mental health condition as well as their working situation...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319328/deferasirox-decreases-busulfan-clearance
#8
Jennifer Kwiatkowski, Ulrich Duffner, Aly Abdel-Mageed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317127/low-dosing-of-gonadotropins-in-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-cycles-for-women-with-poor-ovarian-reserve-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Mohamed Abdel-Fattah Youssef, Madelon van Wely, Monique Mochtar, Usama Mohamed Fouda, Ashraf Eldaly, Eman Zein El Abidin, Ahmed Elhalwagy, Ahmed Abdel Mageed Abdallah, Sherif Sameh Zaki, Mohamed Sayed Abdel Ghafar, Mohamed Nagi Mohesen, Fulco van der Veen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of low doses of gonadotropins and gonadotropins combined with oral compounds compared with high doses of gonadotropins in ovarian stimulation regimens in terms of ongoing pregnancy per fresh IVF attempt in women with poor ovarian reserve undergoing IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies that evaluate the effectiveness of low dosing of gonadotropins alone or combined with oral compounds compared with high doses of gonadotropins in women with poor ovarian reserve undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment...
January 6, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316827/downregulation-of-mage-family-member-h1-enhances-hepatocellular-carcinoma-progression-and-serves-as-a-biomarker-for-patient-prognosis
#10
Peng-Cheng Wang, Zhi-Qiang Hu, Shao-Lai Zhou, Hao Zhan, Zheng-Jun Zhou, Chu-Bin Luo, Xiao-Wu Huang
AIM: The MAGE family member H1 (MAGEH1) belongs to melanoma-associated antigen (MAGE) superfamily. The role of MAGEH1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is largely undefined. MATERIALS & METHODS: We used quantitative reverse transcription PCR and immunohistochemistry to detect MAGEH1 expression in HCC tissues. CCK-8 assay, wound healing migration assay and Transwell Matrigel invasion assay were used to measure HCC cell proliferation, migration and invasion ability...
January 10, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316711/renal-cell-carcinoma-perfusion-before-and-after-radiofrequency-ablation-measured-with-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-a-pilot-study
#11
Tze Min Wah, Steven Sourbron, Daniel Jonathan Wilson, Derek Magee, Walter Martin Gregory, Peter John Selby, David L Buckley
AIM: To investigate if the early treatment effects of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) on renal cell carcinoma (RCC) can be detected with dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE)-MRI and to correlate RCC perfusion with RFA treatment time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 20 patients undergoing RFA of their 21 RCCs were evaluated with DCE-MRI before and at one month after RFA treatment. Perfusion was estimated using the maximum slope technique at two independent sittings. Total RCC blood flow was correlated with total RFA treatment time, tumour location, size and histology...
January 8, 2018: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315572/is-it-really-all-in-their-heads-how-self-esteem-predicts-partner-responsiveness
#12
Kassandra Cortes, Joanne V Wood
OBJECTIVE: Having a responsive partner is important for the well-being of relationships. Unfortunately, people with low self-esteem (LSEs) perceive their partners to be less responsive than do high self-esteem people (HSEs). Although the common assumption has been that LSEs' negative partner perceptions are "all in their heads"-a reflection of their negative self-projection-we argue that LSEs' views of lower partner responsiveness are, in fact, warranted. METHOD: Across two studies (NStudy1 = 122 couples; Mage = 22...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311018/melanoma-associated-antigen-a11-reduces-erlotinib-and-afatinib-efficacy-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#13
Stefan Hartmann, Leonie Zwick, Katja Maurus, Andreas R Fuchs, Roman C Brands, Axel Seher, Alexander C Kübler, Urs D A Müller-Richter
Melanoma-associated antigen A (MAGE-A) proteins are members of the cancer/testis antigens (CTA), and the expression of these proteins is almost exclusively limited to malignant cells, making them an attractive treatment target. MAGE-A expression is correlated with poor overall survival in several cancers, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Among others, MAGE-A11 was found to be associated with resistance to different antineoplastic and targeted compounds, such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs)...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310008/understanding-change-in-violence-related-attitudes-for-adolescents-in-relationship-education
#14
Rachel Savasuk-Luxton, Francesca Adler-Baeder, Megan L Haselschwerdt
Relationship education (RE) targets common correlates of adolescent dating violence (ADV), such as gender role beliefs (GRB) and DV acceptance (DVA), yet few studies have evaluated the influence of RE on GRB and DVA and none have considered participants' sociodemographic characteristics. Using a sample of adolescents from the United States (Mage = 15.66 years; 58% female), this study examined pre- and post-test GRB and DVA scores of RE participants (n = 1645) compared to nonparticipants (n = 522) and explored the differential and combined effects of participants' sociodemographic characteristics on change...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309891/daily-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-in-couples-coping-with-vulvodynia-associations-with-women-s-pain-women-s-sexual-function-and-both-partners-sexual-distress
#15
Myriam Pâquet, Natalie O Rosen, Marc Steben, Marie-Hélène Mayrand, Marie Santerre-Baillargeon, Sophie Bergeron
Vulvodynia is a idiopathic vulvovaginal pain condition that interferes with the sexual and mental health of affected couples. Research has underscored that psychological factors, such as anxiety and depression, are associated with its development and maintenance and related sexual impairment. However, the daily role of anxiety and depressive symptoms in the pain and sexuality outcomes of couples coping with vulvodynia is not well understood. Using a dyadic daily experience method, 127 women (Mage = 26.21, SD = 6...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305893/randomized-trial-comparing-the-franseen-and-fork-tip-needles-for-eus-guided-fine-needle-biopsy-of-solid-pancreatic-mass-lesions
#16
Ji Young Bang, Shantel Hebert-Magee, Udayakumar Navaneethan, Muhammad K Hasan, Robert Hawes, Shyam Varadarajulu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recently, 3-plane symmetric needle with Franseen geometry and Fork-tip biopsy needle have been developed for histological tissue procurement. We compared 22-gauge Franseen and 22-gauge Fork-tip needles in patients undergoing EUS-guided sampling of pancreatic masses. METHODS: Fifty patients underwent sampling using both 22-gauge Franseen and 22-gauge Fork-tip needles, with randomization of needle order. Two dedicated passes were performed using both needles for cell block...
January 3, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305673/adolescents-daily-romantic-experiences-and-negative-mood-a-dyadic-intensive-longitudinal-study
#17
Adam A Rogers, Thao Ha, Kimberly A Updegraff, Masumi Iida
Romantic relationships, although increasingly normative during adolescence, also present unique developmental challenges that can portend psychological difficulties. Underlying these difficulties may be the degree to which daily romantic transactions potentiate fluctuations in negative mood. The present study examined associations between adolescents' daily romantic relationship experiences and their same-day negative affective states (i.e., fluctuations in high-arousal, aversive mood). Using a dyadic ecological momentary assessment (EMA) design, this study followed an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 98 adolescent romantic couples twice weekly for 12 weeks (n = 196 individuals; Mage = 16...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304552/dna-fingerprinting-biological-and-chemical-investigation-of-certain-yucca-species
#18
Seham El Hawary, Abeer El Sayed, Maged W Helmy, El Moataz Bellah El Naggar, Hanan S Marzouk, Samar M Bassam
Yucca aloifolia, Y. aloifolia variegata, Y. elephantipes and Y. filamentosa were investigated. DNA sequencing was performed for the four plants and a genomic DNA fingerprint was obtained and provided. The cytotoxic activities against four human cancer cell lines were investigated. The ethanolic extracts of leaves of Y. aloifolia variegata prevailed, especially against liver cancer HepG-2 and breast cancer MCF-7. In vivo assessment of hepatoprotective activity in rats also revealed the hepatoprotective potential of the ethanolic extracts of the four plants against CCl4- induced rats' liver damage...
January 5, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304386/the-neurobiology-of-self-face-recognition-among-depressed-adolescents
#19
Karina Quevedo, Madeline Harms, Mitchell Sauder, Hannah Scott, Sumaya Mohamed, Kathleen M Thomas, Michael-Paul Schallmo, Garry Smyda
OBJECTIVE: Depression is linked to alterations in both emotion and self-processing. The current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to assess neural activation in healthy and depressed youth to a novel task that combined emotion processing with self-face recognition. METHODS: An fMRI study involving 81 adolescents (50.6% females; Mage=14.61, SD=1.65) comprised of depressed (DEP, n=43), and healthy controls (HC, n=38). Participants completed a clinical interview and self-report measures during an initial assessment...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304385/is-maternal-depression-related-to-mother-and-adolescent-reports-of-family-functioning
#20
J Carola Pérez, Soledad Coo, Matías Irarrázaval
While adolescent-parent disagreements about family functioning are common, they may also be indicative of family members' health problems and may compromise adolescent adjustment. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms and family functioning perceptions, considering both the adolescents' and their mothers' points of view. A sample of 943 Chilean dyads of adolescents (69% female, Mage = 14.43 years old) and their mothers (Mage = 43.20 years) reported their perceptions of family cohesion and adaptability...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
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