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GM ganglioside

Da-Nian Ma, Xia-Qi Zhang, Jie Ying, Zhong-Jun Chen, Li-Xin Li
OBJECTIVE: This network meta-analysis aims to compare the efficacy and safety of 9 nonoperative regimens (placebo, pregabalin, GM-1 ganglioside, venlafaxine extended-release [venlafaxine XR], fampridine, conventional over-ground training [OT], body-weight-supported treadmill training [BWSTT], robotic-assisted gait training [RAGT] + OT and body-weight-supported over-ground training [BWSOT]) in treating spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Clinical controlled trials of 9 nonoperative regimens for SCI were retrieved in the electronic database...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xiaojing Zhu, Hongya Li, Congmin Zhang
Objective: To study the clinical effect of ganglioside (GM) and fructose-1, 6-diphosphate (FDP) on neonatal heart and brain injuries after asphyxia. Methods: Ninety-one neonates with asphyxia neonatal heart and brain injuries were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group. Both groups were given symptomatic treatment as soon as possible. On this basis, the observation group was given 200 mL of 5% glucose injection and 20 mg of GM and 250 mg/kg·d FDP by intravenous infusion...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Roberta Cascella, Elisa Evangelisti, Alessandra Bigi, Matteo Becatti, Claudia Fiorillo, Massimo Stefani, Fabrizio Chiti, Cristina Cecchi
An altered distribution of membrane gangliosides (GM), including GM1, has recently been reported in the brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Moreover, amyloid-positive synaptosomes obtained from AD brains were found to contain high-density GM1 clusters, suggesting a pathological significance of GM1 increase at presynaptic neuritic terminals in AD. Here, we show that membrane GM1 specifically recruits small soluble oligomers of the 42-residue form of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ42), with intracellular flux of Ca2+ ions in primary rat hippocampal neurons and in human neuroblastoma cells...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Jia-Lin Song, Wei Zheng, Wei Chen, Yun Qian, Yuan-Ming Ouyang, Cun-Yi Fan
Our study aims to explore the effects of lentivirus-mediated microRNA-124 (miR-124) gene-modified bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation on the repair of spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. BMSCs were isolated from the bone marrow of rats. The target gene miR-124 was identified using a luciferase-reporter gene assay. Seventy-two rats were selected for construction of the SCI model, and the rats were randomly divided into the blank group, sham group, SCI group, negative control (NC) group, overexpressed miR-124 group and si-PDXK group...
May 19, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Á Hornung, É Monostori, L Kovács
Galectin-1 is an endogenous immunoregulatory lectin-type protein. Its most important effects are the inhibition of the differentiation and cytokine production of Th1 and Th17 cells, and the induction of apoptosis of activated T-cells. Galectin-1 has been identified as a key molecule in antitumor immune surveillance, and data are accumulating about the pathogenic role of its deficiency, and the beneficial effects of its administration in various autoimmune disease models. Initial animal and human studies strongly suggest deficiencies in both galectin-1 production and responsiveness in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) T-cells...
April 2017: Lupus
Oskar Karlsson, Wojciech Michno, Yusuf Ransome, Jörg Hanrieder
The environmental toxin β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) has been proposed to contribute to neurodegenerative diseases. We have previously shown that neonatal exposure to BMAA results in dose-dependent cognitive impairments, proteomic alterations and progressive neurodegeneration in the hippocampus of adult rats. A high BMAA dose (460mg/kg) also induced intracellular fibril formation, increased protein ubiquitination and enrichment of proteins important for lipid transport and metabolism. The aim of this study was therefore to elucidate the role of neuronal lipids in BMAA-induced neurodegeneration...
July 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Martin Dufresne, Daniel Guneysu, Nathan Heath Patterson, Mieczyslaw Martin Marcinkiewicz, Anthony Regina, Michel Demeule, Pierre Chaurand
Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter's disease) mouse model (IdS-KO) was investigated by both imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) performed on the same tissue sections. For this purpose, IdS-KO mice brain sections were coated with sublimated 1,5-diaminonaphtalene and analyzed by high spatial resolution IMS (5 μm) and anti-GM3 IHC on the same tissue sections to characterize the ganglioside monosialated ganglioside (GM) deposits found in Hunter's disease. IMS analysis have found that two species of GM3 and GM2 that are only different due to the length of their fatty acid residue (stearic or arachidic residue) were overexpressed in the IdS-KO mice compared to a control mouse...
February 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Rongwei Li, Kang Ma, Hengli Zhao, Zhou Feng, Yang Yang, Hongfei Ge, Xuan Zhang, Jun Tang, Yi Yin, Xin Liu, Liang Tan, Hua Feng
The morbidity, mortality, and disability associated with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) secondary to intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) represent a global burden. To date, there is no effective therapy for ICH other than supportive care. In this study, we assessed the neuroprotective effects of Cattle encephalon glycoside and ignotin (CEGI) injection in a rat model of ICH with ventricular extension (IVH/ICH). The IVH/ICH rat model was induced via injection of type IV collagenase in the caudate nucleus of Sprague-Dawley rats...
October 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Barbara Richichi, Claudia Pastori, Stefano Gherardi, Assunta Venuti, Antonella Cerreto, Francesca Sanvito, Lucio Toma, Lucia Lopalco, Cristina Nativi
Glycosphingolipids (GSLs) are involved in HIV-1 entry. GM-3 ganglioside, a widespread GSL, affects HIV entry and infection in different ways, depending on the concentration, through its anchoring activity in lipid rafts. This explains why the induction of an altered GSLs metabolism was a tempting approach to reducing HIV-1 cell infection. This study assayed the biological properties of a synthetic GM-3 lactone mimetic, 1, aimed at blocking HIV-1 infection without inducing the adverse events expected by an altered metabolism of GLSs in vivo...
August 12, 2016: ACS Infectious Diseases
Yujie Liang, Jiemei Ji, Yunan Lin, Yajun He, Jingchen Liu
OBJECTIVE: Studies indicate that bupivacaine-induced neurotoxicity results from apoptosis. Gangliosides have been shown to promote neuronal repair and recovery of neurological function after spinal cord injury. Previously, we confirmed that in vivo administration of the ganglioside GM-1 attenuated bupivacaine-induced neurotoxicity in various animal models; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. METHODS: Cells of the neuroblastoma line N2a (Neuro2a cells) were divided into three experimental groups: control, bupivacaine-treated, and bupivacaine-treated with GM-1 pretreatment...
August 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Juan A Estrada, Mathew A Barlow, Darice Yoshishige, Arthur G Williams, H Fred Downey, Robert T Mallet, James L Caffrey
BACKGROUND: Intermittent hypoxia training (IHT) produces robust myocardial protection against ischemia-reperfusion induced infarction and arrhythmias. Blockade of this cardioprotection by antagonism of either β1-adrenergic or δ-opioid receptors (δ-OR) suggests autonomic and/or opioidergic adaptations. PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that IHT shifts cardiac autonomic balance toward greater cholinergic and opioidergic influence. METHODS: Mongrel dogs completed 20d IHT, non-hypoxic sham training, or IHT with the δ-OR antagonist naltrindole (200μg/kgsc)...
July 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
Barbara Richichi, Giuseppina Comito, Olivier Renaudet, Michele Fiore, A Marra, B Stecca, L Pasquato, P Chiarugi, C Nativi
Two tetravalent architectures, the glycocalix 7 and the RAFT 9, presenting four residues of a GM-3 ganglioside lactone mimetic, target the host compartment of melanoma and significantly abrogate the effect induced by cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) contact + hypoxia in the motility and invasiveness of tumor cells. The data reported support the involvement of glycosphingolipids (GSLs) in hypoxia and show an interesting role played by compound 9 in targeting melanoma cells thereby interfering with melanoma progression...
January 14, 2016: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Satoru Inagaki, Ryuta Kimizuka, Eitoyo Kokubu, Atsushi Saito, Kazuyuki Ishihara
Host cell invasion is important for periodontal pathogens in evading host defenses and spreading into deeper areas of the periodontal tissue. Treponema denticola has been implicated in a number of potentially pathogenic processes, including periodontal tissue penetration. Here we tested the ability of T. denticola strains to invade human gingival epithelial cells (HGEC). After 2 h infection, intracellular location of T. denticola cells was confirmed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Results from an antibiotic protection assay following [(3)H]uridine labeling indicated that invasion efficiency reached a maximum at 2 h after infection...
May 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Barbara King, Sofia Hassiotis, Tina Rozaklis, Helen Beard, Paul J Trim, Marten F Snel, John J Hopwood, Kim M Hemsley
Repeated replacement of sulphamidase via cerebrospinal fluid injection is an effective treatment for pathological changes in the brain in mice and dogs with the lysosomal storage disorder, mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA (MPS IIIA). Investigational trials of this approach are underway in children with this condition, however, infusions require attendance at a specialist medical facility. We sought to comprehensively evaluate the effectiveness of sustained-release (osmotic pump-delivered) enzyme replacement therapy in murine MPS IIIA as this method, if applied to humans, would require only subcutaneous administration of enzyme once the pump was installed...
May 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
H-W Zhai, Z-K Gong, J Sun, W Chen, M Zhang, J-J Zhou, B Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect ganglioside with nerve growth factor on the recovery of extremity functionality following spinal cord injury and somatosensory evoked potential. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 62 patients with spinal cord injury admitted to our hospital from February 2012 to October 2013 were selected and randomized to treatment (N = 31) and control groups (N = 31). The combination of systematic rehabilitation training and GM-1 intervention were prescribed to patients in the control group, while an additional intervention of mNGF (mouse nerve growth factor) was prescribed to patients in the treatment group...
June 2015: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Dayong Xu, Libin Yang, Yunpeng Li, Yongqiang Sun
This paper aims to make an analysis of the effects of ganglioside (GM) combined with methylprednisolone (MP) in early acute spinal injury. Fifty-three patients with acute spinal cord injury were included in this study and they were randomly divided into experimental and control group. Twenty-seven patients in the control group were treated with MP, while the rest 26 patients received more GM based on that. By observing and comparing the clinical responses from patients and recovery time of all indexes, results came out: the curative rates in the experimental and control group were 50...
March 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jiemei Ji, Xiurong Yan, Zuyun Li, Zefeng Lai, Jingchen Liu
BACKGROUND: Bupivacaine causes neuronal and axonal degeneration, leading to cauda equina syndrome or permanent nerve damage. Our previous studies have shown that intrathecal or intravenous gangliosides monosialogangliosides (GM-1s) have therapeutic effects against bupivacaine-induced neurotoxicity, but we do not know what are the differences between the two methods. METHODS AND RESULTS: Bupivacaine-induced neurotoxicity was induced in rats by three times injection of 5% bupivacaine (0...
February 2015: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Nora Berois, Eduardo Osinaga
Neuroblastoma (NB), accounting for 10% of childhood cancers, exhibits aberrant cell-surface glycosylation patterns. There is evidence that changes in glycolipids and protein glycosylation pathways are associated to NB biological behavior. Polysialic acid (PSA) interferes with cellular adhesion, and correlates with NB progression and poor prognosis, as well as the expression of sialyltransferase STX, the key enzyme responsible for PSA synthesis. Galectin-1 and gangliosides, overexpressed and actively shedded by tumor cells, can modulate normal cells present in the tumor microenvironment, favoring angiogenesis and immunological escape...
2014: Frontiers in Oncology
Satoshi Uemura, Shinji Go, Fumi Shishido, Jin-ichi Inokuchi
The ganglioside GM4 is a sialic acid-containing glycosphingolipid mainly expressed in mammalian brain and erythrocytes. GM4 is synthesized by the sialylation of galactosylceramide (GalCer), while the ganglioside GM3 is synthesized by the sialylation of lactosylceramide (LacCer). Recently, the enzyme GM3 synthase was found to be responsible for the synthesis of GM4 in vitro and in vivo, yet the mechanism behind GM4 expression in cells remains unclear. In this study, we attempted to establish GM4-reconstituted cells to reveal the regulation of GM4 synthesis...
February 2014: Glycoconjugate Journal
Kazuya I P J Hidari, Maho Yamaguchi, Fumihiko Ueno, Tomoko Abe, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Takashi Suzuki
Influenza viruses (IFVs) recognize sialoglycans expressed on the host cell surface. To understand the mechanisms underlying tissue and host tropisms of IFV, it is essential to elucidate the molecular interaction of the virus with the host sialoglycan receptor. We established and applied a new monoclonal antibody, clone HYB4, which specifically recognizes the Neu5Acα2-3 determinant at the non-reducing terminal Gal residue of both glycoproteins and gangliosides to investigate the biochemical properties of IFV receptors in A549 cells...
July 5, 2013: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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