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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743109/robot-assisted-vesico-vaginal-fistula-repair-our-technique-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Deliu Victor Matei, Vanna Zanagnolo, Mihai Dorin Vartolomei, Nicolae Crisan, Matteo Ferro, Luca Bocciolone, Angelo Maggioni, Ioan Coman, Ottavio de Cobelli
OBJECTIVE: Our first objective was to report our experience on robot-assisted vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) repair after radical surgery for gynecologic malignancies without omental flap interposition using a da Vinci robotic system. The second objective was to critically review the literature in order to analyze surgical solutions used to avoid repair failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five patients with VVF diagnosed after previous open surgery for gynecologic malignancies referred to our tertiary institutions were selected...
July 26, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743042/clinical-outcome-and-rehabilitation-of-homeless-mentally-ill-patients-admitted-in-mental-health-institute-of-south-india-know-the-unknown-project
#2
Guru S Gowda, G Gopika, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Narayana Manjunatha, Ravi Yadav, Dwarakanath Srinivas, Bharath Rose Dawn, Suresh Bada Math
OBJECTIVES: Homeless Mentally Ill (HMI) patients represent a unique global problem and pose a challenge in treatment, management and rehabilitation services. There is sparse data on HMI patients in India. The objective of this paper is to study the clinical outcome and rehabilitation of HMI patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 'HMI' patients from 1st January 2002 to 31st December 2015, who were admitted under Department of Psychiatry at National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India...
July 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742259/off-label-use-of-rituximab-in-autoimmune-disease-in-the-top-end-of-the-northern-territory-2008-2016
#3
Sarah Wongseelashote, Vipin Tayal, Peter Francis Bourke
BACKGROUND: Rituximab, an anti-CD20 B cell depleting monoclonal antibody, is increasingly prescribed off-label for a range of autoimmune diseases. There has not previously been an audit of off-label rituximab use in the Northern Territory, where the majority of patients are Aboriginal. AIMS: To retrospectively evaluate off-label rituximab use in autoimmune diseases in the Top End of the Northern Territory. METHOD: We performed a retrospective audit of eight years of off-label rituximab use at the Royal Darwin Hospital, the sole tertiary referral centre for the Darwin, Katherine and East Arnhem regions...
July 25, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742213/derivatization-agents-for-electrochemical-detection-in-amino-acid-peptide-and-protein-separations-the-hidden-electrochemistry
#4
REVIEW
Tania Sierra, Agustin G Crevillen, Alberto Escarpa
In proteomics and clinical analysis, LIF and MS are the most used detectors coupled to separation techniques. MS offers good sensitivity and analyte identification ability but, as counterbalance, it is expensive and it needed background electrolytes compatible with mass spectrometers. LIF detection offers the highest sensitivity but, in general, proteins, peptides and amino acids are not fluorescents so it is necessary the use of fluorescence tags. This fact hindered the potential sensitivity of LIF detection due to the difficulty of labeling analytes at extremely low concentrations...
July 25, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742196/sociological-histories-on-epilepsy-as-causes-for-disqualification-stipulated-in-the-japanese-road-traffic-act-of-1960-and-revised-road-traffic-act-of-2001
#5
G Imataka, S Yoshihara
In the wake of successive cases of fatal accidents caused by patients behind the wheel whose driving was likely to be hindered due to paroxysmal diseases, including epilepsy, there has been an outcry from victims demanding stricter criminal penalties against the perpetrators due to negligence. As a result of this action, a revised Road Traffic Act was put into effect in Japan on June 14, 2013. This act established new penal provisions against any person who provides false statements on his/her medical condition(s) when acquiring or renewing a driver's license...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742129/treatment-outcomes-of-pre-surgical-infant-orthopedics-in-patients-with-non-syndromic-cleft-lip-and-or-palate-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
Hamid Reza Hosseini, Eleftherios G Kaklamanos, Athanasios E Athanasiou
BACKGROUND: Non-syndromic clefts lip and/or palate (CL/P) defects may have manifold significant and detrimental consequences for the affected individuals and their family environment. Although the use of pre-surgical infant orthopedics (PSIO) was introduced as a means to improve management and treatment outcomes, there still remains a controversy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of PSIO in patients with non-syndromic CL/P and evaluate the quality of the available evidence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741907/nutrition-status-of-children-in-latin-america
#7
C Corvalán, M L Garmendia, J Jones-Smith, C K Lutter, J J Miranda, L S Pedraza, B M Popkin, M Ramirez-Zea, D Salvo, A D Stein
The prevalence of overweight and obesity is rapidly increasing among Latin American children, posing challenges for current healthcare systems and increasing the risk for a wide range of diseases. To understand the factors contributing to childhood obesity in Latin America, this paper reviews the current nutrition status and physical activity situation, the disparities between and within countries and the potential challenges for ensuring adequate nutrition and physical activity. Across the region, children face a dual burden of undernutrition and excess weight...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741905/preventing-childhood-obesity-in-latin-america-an-agenda-for-regional-research-and-strategic-partnerships
#8
B Caballero, S Vorkoper, N Anand, J A Rivera
The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity in Latin America poses a major public health challenge to the region. In response, many countries are implementing obesity prevention programmes aimed at modifying known risk factors. However, the limited scientific evidence inhibits the development and implementation of novel, effective interventions across the region. To address these gaps, the NIH Fogarty International Center convened a workshop of researchers, policymakers, programme implementers and public health advocates who are actively engaged in the region to prevent childhood obesity...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741678/recent-advances-of-microbial-breeding-via-heavy-ion-mutagenesis-at-imp
#9
REVIEW
Wei Hu, Wenjian Li, Jihong Chen
Nowadays, the value of heavy ion mutagenesis has been accepted as a novel powerful mutagen technique to generate new microbial mutants due to its high linear energy transfer (LET) and high relative biological effectiveness (RBE). This paper briefly reviews recent progress in developing a more efficient mutagenesis technique for microbial breeding using heavy-ion mutagenesis, and also presents the outline of the beam line for microbial breeding in Heavy Ion Research Facility of Lanzhou (HIRFL). Then, new insights into microbial biotechnology via heavy-ion mutagenesis are also further explored...
July 25, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741603/role-of-the-lung-microbiome-in-the-pathogenesis-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
REVIEW
Lei Wang, Ke Hao, Ting Yang, Chen Wang
OBJECTIVE: The development of culture-independent techniques for microbiological analysis shows that bronchial tree is not sterile in either healthy or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) individuals. With the advance of sequencing technologies, lung microbiome has become a new frontier for pulmonary disease research, and such advance has led to better understanding of the lung microbiome in COPD. This review aimed to summarize the recent advances in lung microbiome, its relationships with COPD, and the possible mechanisms that microbiome contributed to COPD pathogenesis...
July 24, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741450/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-healthcare-reforms-on-access-to-emergency-department-and-elective-surgery-services-1994-2014
#11
Sandeep Reddy, Peter Jones, Harsha Shanthanna, Raechel Damarell, John Wakerman
This systematic review sought to identify whether health care reforms led to improvement in the emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) and elective surgery (ES) access in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. The review was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42015016343), and nine databases were searched for peer-reviewed, English-language reports published between 1994 and 2014. We also searched relevant "grey" literature and websites. Included studies were checked for cited and citing papers...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741379/tiny-rnas-and-their-voyage-via-extracellular-vesicles-secretion-of-bacterial-small-rna-and-eukaryotic-microrna
#12
Ji-Woong Choi, Jee-Hyun Um, Jin-Hyun Cho, Heon-Jin Lee
MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that bind to the 3'-untranslated region of target mRNAs and have transcriptional or translational inhibitory function in eukaryotes. Before microRNAs were widely known, bacterial non-coding small RNAs around 50-200 nt in length were discovered whose mechanism of action resembled that of microRNAs. Recently, RNAs that are of similar size to or smaller than microRNAs have been discovered in bacteria and indeed, this class of small RNAs have been found throughout all domains of life...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741241/addition-to-the-special-issue-on-the-ctp-network-consisting-of-reviews-and-original-papers-emerging-from-the-ctpiod-meeting-contribution-to-progress-in-obesity-and-diabetes-research-2016
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741204/remarks-on-the-current-quality-of-groundwater-in-vietnam
#14
EDITORIAL
Tran Le Luu
This paper reviews the current quality of groundwater in Vietnam. In Vietnam, groundwater is obtained primarily from tubewells, which have high concentrations of pollutants such as As, Fe, Mn, and NH4(+). In the areas where groundwater tests were conducted, arsenic levels ranged from 0.1-3050 μg/L, which substantially exceed the standard of 10 μg/L which has been established by the WHO. Contamination sources are distributed over a large area from the Red River Delta in the north to the Mekong River Delta in the south, putting as many as ten million people at risk of adverse health effects...
July 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741187/-sexuality-education-on-the-internet-from-dr-sommer-to-dr-google
#15
REVIEW
Nicola Döring
Female and male adolescents in Germany are increasingly using the Internet to find information about sexuality and sexual health. This review paper summarizes what we know about the status quo of online sexuality education in Germany.Based on a systematic literature review including 40 papers from international, peer-reviewed journals spanning 2010-2017, this paper first describes different aspects of the sexuality-related online search behavior of adolescents: its prevalence, predictors, topics and contexts...
July 24, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741130/epigenetic-involvement-in-etiopathogenesis-and-implications-in-treatment-of-systemic-lupus-erythematous
#16
REVIEW
Arron Munggela Foma, Saeed Aslani, Jafar Karami, Ahmadreza Jamshidi, Mahdi Mahmoudi
BACKGROUND: Recent researches in the field of genetics have extended our knowledge through the discovery of genetic factors associated with autoimmune diseases (AID). Genetics by itself, however, cannot elucidate all the uncertainties encountered in the etiopathology of AID. On the other hand, incomplete harmony in the prevalence of AID in identical twins suggests that non-genetic factors may play an important role in determining the disease susceptibility. Besides, epigenetics, which is defined by changes in gene expression without a corresponding change in the DNA sequences, has come in to provide new awareness in the disease etiopathology by bridging the genetic and epigenetic factors...
July 24, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740943/potential-effects-of-whole-body-vibration-exercises-on-blood-flow-kinetics-of-different-populations-a-systematic-review-with-a-suitable-approach
#17
Danúbia Sá-Caputo, Laisa Paineiras-Domingos, Rafaelle Carvalho-Lima, Glenda Dias-Costa, Patrícia de Castro de Paiva, Claudia Figueiredo de Azeredo, Roberto Carlos Resende Carmo, Carla F Dionello, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Éric Heleno F F Frederico, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Danielle S Morel, Dulciane N Paiva, Núbia C P Avelar, Ana C Lacerda, Carlos E V Magalhães, Leonardo S Castro, Giuseppe A Presta, Severo de Paoli, Borja Sañudo, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: The ability to control skin blood flow decreases with advancing age and some clinical disorders, as in diabetes and in rheumatologic diseases. Feasible clinical strategies such as whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE) are being used without a clear understanding of its effects. The aim of the present study is to review the effects of the WBVE on blood flow kinetics and its feasibility in different populations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The level of evidence (LE) of selected papers in PubMed and/or PEDRo databases was determined...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740940/relevance-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-in-sport-a-short-review-with-soccer-diver-and-combat-sport
#18
Danielle Soares Morel, Carla da Fontoura Dionello, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Samuel Brandão-Sobrinho-Neto, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Patrícia Lopes Souza, Danúbia da Cunha Sá-Caputo, Glenda Dias, Claudia Figueiredo, Roberto Carlos Resende Carmo, Patrícia de Castro Paiva, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Cristiane Ribeiro Kütter, Eliane de Oliveira Guedes-Aguiar, Ross Cloak, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: Whole body vibration exercise (WBVE) has been used as a safe and accessible exercise and important reviews have been published about the use of this exercise to manage diseases and to improve physical conditions of athletes The aim of this paper is to highlight the relevance of WBVE to soccer players, divers and combat athletes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was made through a systematic review of publications involving WBVE and the selected sports in two databases (Pubmed and PEDRo)...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740740/environmental-factors-promoting-neural-plasticity-insights-from-animal-and-human-studies
#19
REVIEW
Laura Mandolesi, Francesca Gelfo, Laura Serra, Simone Montuori, Arianna Polverino, Giuseppe Curcio, Giuseppe Sorrentino
We do not all grow older in the same way. Some individuals have a cognitive decline earlier and faster than others who are older in years but cerebrally younger. This is particularly easy to verify in people who have maintained regular physical activity and healthy and cognitively stimulating lifestyle and even in the clinical field. There are patients with advanced neurodegeneration, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), that, despite this, have mild cognitive impairment. What determines this interindividual difference? Certainly, it cannot be the result of only genetic factors...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740688/a-general-introduction-to-adjustment-for-multiple-comparisons
#20
EDITORIAL
Shi-Yi Chen, Zhe Feng, Xiaolian Yi
In experimental research a scientific conclusion is always drawn from the statistical testing of hypothesis, in which an acceptable cutoff of probability, such as 0.05 or 0.01, is used for decision-making. However, the probability of committing false statistical inferences would considerably increase when more than one hypothesis is simultaneously tested (namely the multiple comparisons), which therefore requires proper adjustment. Although the adjustment for multiple comparisons is proposed to be mandatory in some journals, it still remains difficult to select a proper method suitable for the various experimental properties and study purposes, especially for researchers without good background in statistics...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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