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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537846/uremic-toxins-affect-the-imbalance-of-redox-state-and-overexpression-of-prolyl-hydroxylase-2-in-human-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-involved-in-wound-healing
#1
Vuong Cat Khanh, Kinuko Ohneda, Toshiki Kato, Toshiharu Yamashita, Fujio Sato, Kana Tachi, Osamu Ohneda
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) results in a delay in wound healing because of its complications such as uremia, anemia, and fluid overload. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered to be a candidate for wound healing because of the ability to recruit many types of cells. However, it is still unclear whether the CKD-adipose tissue-derived MSCs (CKD-AT-MSCs) have the same function in wound healing as healthy donor-derived normal AT-MSCs (nAT-MSCs). In this study, we found that uremic toxins induced elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) expression in nAT-MSCs, resulting in the reduced expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) under hypoxic conditions...
May 24, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531964/non-electron-transfer-chain-mitochondrial-defects-differently-regulate-hif-1%C3%AE-degradation-and-transcription
#2
Antonina N Shvetsova, Daniela Mennerich, Juha M Kerätär, J Kalervo Hiltunen, Thomas Kietzmann
Mitochondria are the main consumers of molecular O2 in a cell as well as an abundant source of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Both, molecular oxygen and ROS are powerful regulators of the hypoxia-inducible factor-1α-subunit (HIF-α). While a number of mechanisms in the oxygen-dependent HIF-α regulation are quite well known, the view with respect to mitochondria is less clear. Several approaches using pharmacological or genetic tools targeting the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) indicated that ROS, mainly formed at the Rieske cluster of complex III of the ETC, are drivers of HIF-1α activation...
May 8, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527256/-stat3-activation-by-hypoxia-in-in-vitro-models-of-cervix-cancer-and-endothelial-cells
#3
Óscar Ortega, Alejandro Ondo-Méndez, Ruth Garzón
INTRODUCTION: The biological behavior of cancer cells is influenced by the tumor microenvironment in which they develop. In this context, stressor stimuli such as hypoxia are considered critical for tumor development and therapeutic management. Cellular response to various stimuli is evidenced in the activation of intracellular signaling pathways such as JAK/STAT, which is one of the most important for its effects in differentiation and cell proliferation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the condition of the JAK/STAT pathway through the expression/activation of the STAT3 protein in cervix cancer cells (HeLa) and endothelial cells (EA...
January 24, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526934/exogenous-proline-stimulates-type-i-collagen-and-hif-1%C3%AE-expression-and-the-process-is-attenuated-by-glutamine-in-human-skin-fibroblasts
#4
Lukasz Szoka, Ewa Karna, Kornelia Hlebowicz-Sarat, Jacek Karaszewski, Jerzy A Palka
Abundance of proline (Pro) in collagen molecule led us to investigate whether Pro supply affects collagen biosynthesis in human skin fibroblasts. Treatment of the cells with milimolar concentrations (5 and 10 mM) of Pro for 24 and 48 h contributed to increase in α1 subunit of collagen type I (COL1A1) expression in both cells and culture medium. However, the effect was more pronounced in glutamine-free medium. In such condition, Pro induced collagen expression by about twofold in the cells, while in the medium only by about 30% during 24 h incubation, compared to control...
May 19, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524833/promoting-vasa-vasorum-neovascularization-of-vein-grafts-extenuates-hypoxia-of-the-wall-and-its-subsequent-influence-on-intimal-hyperplasia
#5
Rong-Jiang Zou, Zheng-Hua Wang, Chen-Xi Wang, Song Xue
BACKGROUND: The autologous saphenous vein is the most common conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting, but the vein graft disease will occur. This study used Matrigel basement membrane matrix with many different growth factors to promote vasa vasorum neovascularization and extenuate the hypoxia to improve remodeling. METHODS: This study observed the hypoxia and thickness of the vein grafts at different times. Normal veins and vein grafts with 15 min of ischemia one day postoperatively were harvested in the neck of rabbits...
June 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523034/effects-of-sirna-mediated-hif-1%C3%AE-gene-silencing-on-angiogenesis-in-osteosarcoma
#6
Xu-Dong Zhang, Qiang Wu, Shu-Hua Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore angiogenesis in osteosarcoma under the condition of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α gene silenced by small interference RNA (siRNA). METHODS: The SaOS-2 osteosarcoma cells, transfected with the recombinant plasmid pSilencer2.1-HIF-1α or pSilencer2.1-SCR, were classified as HIF-1α/siRNA group or SCR/siRNA group, respectively. In which, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) immunohistochemistry were performed. HIF-1α and VEGF protein contents were detected by western blot...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522192/overcoming-photodynamic-resistance-and-tumor-targeting-dual-therapy-mediated-by-indocyanine-green-conjugated-gold-nanospheres
#7
Wei Li, Xiaomeng Guo, Fenfen Kong, Hanbo Zhang, Lihua Luo, Qingpo Li, Chunqi Zhu, Jie Yang, Yongzhong Du, Jian You
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) have captured much attention due to the great potential to cure malignant tumor. Nevertheless, photodynamic resistance of cancer cells has limited the further efficacy of PDT. Unfortunately, the resistance mechanism and efforts to overcome the resistance still have been rarely reported so far. Here, we report a nanosystem with specific tumor targeting for combined PDT and PTT mediated by near-infrared (NIR) light, which was established by covalently conjugating indocyanine green (ICG) and TNYL peptide onto the surface of hollow gold nanospheres (HAuNS)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521842/clinical-and-prognostic-significance-of-hif-1%C3%AE-overexpression-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#8
Jianhua Zhou, Shengyun Huang, Lili Wang, Xiao Yuan, Quanjiang Dong, Dongsheng Zhang, Xuxia Wang
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated an association between hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) expression and poor prognosis in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC); however, definitive evidence of this association is yet to be obtained. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the association of HIF-1α expression with clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival (OS) of patients with OSCC. METHODS: A literature search for relevant studies published in English language as of February 05, 2016, was performed on PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520516/mesenchymal-stem-cell-migration-and-proliferation-are-mediated-by-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-upstream-of-notch-and-sumo-pathways
#9
María Ciria, Nahuel A García, Imelda Ontoria-Oviedo, Hernán González-King, Rubén Carrero, José Luis De La Pompa, José Anastasio Montero, Pilar Sepúlveda
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are effective in treating several pathologies. We and others have demonstrated that hypoxia or hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) stabilization improves several MSC functions, including cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation, thereby increasing their therapeutic potential. To further explore the mechanisms induced by HIF-1α in MSCs, we studied its relationship with Notch signaling and observed that overexpression of HIF-1α in MSCs increased protein levels of the Notch ligands Jagged 1-2 and Delta-like (Dll)1, Dll3, and Dll4 and potentiated Notch signaling only when this pathway was activated...
May 18, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504692/mint3-mediated-l1cam-expression-in-fibroblasts-promotes-cancer-cell-proliferation-via-integrin-%C3%AE-5%C3%AE-1-and-tumour-growth
#10
H J Nakaoka, Z Tanei, T Hara, J S Weng, A Kanamori, T Hayashi, H Sato, A Orimo, K Otsuji, K Tada, T Morikawa, T Sasaki, M Fukayama, M Seiki, Y Murakami, T Sakamoto
Fibroblasts are some of the major cells in tumour tissues that influence tumour progression and drug resistance. However, our understanding on fibroblast-mediated tumour malignancy remains incomplete. Munc18-1-interacting protein 3 (Mint3) is known as an activator of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) even during normoxia in cancer cells, macrophages and fibroblasts. Although Mint3 promotes ATP production via glycolysis by activating HIF-1 in cancer cells and macrophages, the biological role of Mint3-mediated HIF-1 activation in fibroblasts remains unclear...
May 15, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502301/-psychological-distress-promotes-proliferation-and-invasion-of-glioma-by-upregulating-lactate-deoxygenase-a
#11
Ping Wang, Kunpeng Lyu, Qingluan Xu, Fengxiang Sun, Aixia Meng, Junhong Dong
Objective To investigate the role of lactate deoxygenase A (LDHA) expression in the proliferation and invasion of glioma promoted by the psychological distress. Methods The glioma-bearing nude mice were divided into tumor bearing group, stress tumor bearing group, negative control, short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) group and shRNA-LDHA stress group. Four weeks after stress, the tumor size of each group was measured; meanwhile, norepinephrine (NE) andadrenaline (EPI) in the blood were detected by ELISA; lactic acid in the tumor tissue was determined by colorimetry...
May 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495754/phd3-is-a-transcriptional-coactivator-of-hif-1%C3%AE-in-nucleus-pulposus-cells-independent-of-the-pkm2-jmjd5-axis
#12
Zachary R Schoepflin, Elizabeth S Silagi, Irving M Shapiro, Makarand V Risbud
The role of prolyl hydroxylase (PHD)-3 as a hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α cofactor is controversial and remains unknown in skeletal tissues. We investigated whether PHD3 controls HIF-1 transcriptional activity in nucleus pulposus (NP) cells through the pyruvate kinase muscle (PKM)-2-Jumonji domain--containing protein (JMJD5) axis. PHD3(-/-) mice (12.5 mo old) showed increased incidence of intervertebral disc degeneration with a concomitant decrease in expression of the HIF-1α targets VEGF-A, glucose transporter-1, and lactate dehydrogenase A...
May 11, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491867/metabolic-reprogramming-in-glioma
#13
REVIEW
Marie Strickland, Elizabeth A Stoll
Many cancers have long been thought to primarily metabolize glucose for energy production-a phenomenon known as the Warburg Effect, after the classic studies of Otto Warburg in the early twentieth century. Yet cancer cells also utilize other substrates, such as amino acids and fatty acids, to produce raw materials for cellular maintenance and energetic currency to accomplish cellular tasks. The contribution of these substrates is increasingly appreciated in the context of glioma, the most common form of malignant brain tumor...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487976/astragaloside-attenuates-myocardial-injury-in-a-rat-model-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-by-upregulating-hypoxia-inducible-factor%C3%A2-1%C3%AE-and-notch1-jagged1-signaling
#14
Junmin Yu, Xiaobo Zhang, Yina Zhang
The present study aimed to investigate the mechanisms underlying the cardioprotective effect of Astragaloside against myocardial injury following myocardial infarction (MI) in a rat model. Male Wistar rats were subjected to left anterior descending branch ligation. The rats that survived 24 h (n=18) were randomly and equally assigned to three groups: MI model group, and 2.5 and 10 mg/kg/day Astragaloside group. A further six rats underwent identical surgical procedures without artery ligation, serving as sham controls...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486965/site-specific-gene-expression-patterns-in-oral-cancer
#15
Gesche Frohwitter, Horst Buerger, Eberhard Korsching, Paul J van Diest, Johannes Kleinheinz, Thomas Fillies
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are the most prevalent malignant tumours within the head and neck. Evidence exists that distinct genes are differentially regulated in SCCs of the oral cavity compared to other head and neck regions. Given this background, the aim of this study was to investigate whether such tumour site-specific gene expression can also be observed in different localizations within the oral cavity. METHODS: Using tissue microarrays (TMAs), we investigated 76 SCCs of the floor of the mouth, 49 SCCs of the tongue and 68 SCCs of other anatomic regions within the oral cavity...
May 10, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485808/influences-of-rfa-combined-with-tace-on-the-hif-1%C3%AE-and-egr-level-of-patients-with-primary-hepatic-carcinoma
#16
G Yuan, C-L Zeng, D-D Zhu, X-J Shi
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the influences of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) combined with hepatic arterial chemoembolization on the expression level of immunity and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1a) and early growth response protein2 (EGR2) of patients with hepatocarcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with primary hepatic carcinoma treated in our hospital from 2011 to 2014 were divided into research group (RFA+TACE) and control group (TACE) according to different therapy methods, with 72 patients in each group...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485478/long-noncoding-rna-has2-as1-mediates-hypoxia-induced-invasiveness-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Guiquan Zhu, Shaoxin Wang, Jin Chen, Zhaohui Wang, Xinhua Liang, Xiaoyi Wang, Jian Jiang, Jinyi Lang, Ling Li
A hypoxic microenvironment plays important roles in the progression of solid tumors, including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have gained much attention in the past few years. However, it is not clear whether lncRNAs can regulate hypoxia adaptation of OSCC or which lncRNAs participate in this process. Using a lncRNA microarray, we analyzed the aberrant lncRNA expression profiles in OSCC tissues compared with paired normal oral mucosa and in hypoxic OSCC cells compared with normoxic OSCC cells...
May 9, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483805/treating-the-dysfunctional-placenta
#18
Colin Peter Sibley
Placental dysfunction underlies major obstetric diseases such as pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction (FGR). Whilst there has been a little progress in prophylaxis there are still no treatments for placental dysfunction in normal obstetric practice. However, a combination of increasingly well described in vitro systems for studying the human placenta, together with the availability of more appropriate animal models of pre-eclampsia and FGR, has facilitated a recent surge in work aimed at repurposing drugs and therapies, developed for other conditions, as treatments for placental dysfunction...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479297/nkx3-2-induces-oxygen-concentration-independent-and-lysosome-dependent-degradation-of-hif-1%C3%AE-to-modulate-hypoxic-responses-in-chondrocytes
#19
Suhjean Im, Dae-Won Kim
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) is a DNA-binding transcription factor regulating hypoxic responses. It plays a key role in vascularization and angiogenesis as well as various metabolic pathways. Interestingly, during early phase endochondral ossification when HIF expression in chondrocytes is evident, developing cartilage primordia remains avascular until hypertrophic calcification commences. In this work, we uncovered a novel pathway causing oxygen concentration-independent and proteasome-independent degradation of HIF-1α protein...
May 4, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478957/sirt6-regulated-nucleosomal-occupancy-affects-hexokinase-2-expression
#20
Piyushi Gupta, Touseef Sheikh, Ellora Sen
To understand the molecular association between inflammation and dysregulated metabolism in glioblastoma, the effect of IL-1β on Hexokinase 2 (HK2) expression was investigated. IL-1β induced HK2 expression was accompanied by heightened SIRT6 and MZF1 levels. IL-1β mediated overall decrease in chromatin compactness on HK2 promoter involved diminished nucleosomal occupancy around the most labile region bearing MZF1 sites. Importantly, SIRT6 and MZF1 served as negative regulators of HK2. Ectopic SIRT6 induced formation and recruitment of MZF1-SIRT6 complex to MZF1 site was concomitant with increased nucleosomal occupancy...
May 4, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
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