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Knowledge mobilisation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722774/-promoting-continuity-of-care-specialist-nurses-role-experiences-in-gynaecological-oncology-a-qualitative-study
#1
Andrea Kobleder, Hanna Mayer, Larissa Gehrig, Beate Senn
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the experiences of specialist nurses in Switzerland concerning their role of caring for women with gynaecological cancer. BACKGROUND: Women with gynaecological cancer often face complex situations, which require an integrative and quality-assured approach by the healthcare system. Specialist nurses can play an important role in supporting these patients. However, in countries where the role of specialist nurses is at a developmental stage, their role lacks clarity...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721199/evidence-informed-capacity-building-for-setting-health-priorities-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-framework-and-recommendations-for-further-research
#2
Ryan Li, Francis Ruiz, Anthony J Culyer, Kalipso Chalkidou, Karen J Hofman
Priority-setting in health is risky and challenging, particularly in resource-constrained settings. It is not simply a narrow technical exercise, and involves the mobilisation of a wide range of capacities among stakeholders - not only the technical capacity to "do" research in economic evaluations. Using the Individuals, Nodes, Networks and Environment (INNE) framework, we identify those stakeholders, whose capacity needs will vary along the evidence-to-policy continuum. Policymakers and healthcare managers require the capacity to commission and use relevant evidence (including evidence of clinical and cost-effectiveness, and of social values); academics need to understand and respond to decision-makers' needs to produce relevant research...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699541/randomised-controlled-trials-and-changing-public-health-practice
#3
EDITORIAL
Anne Cockcroft
One reason for doing randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is that experiments can be convincing. Early epidemiological experimenters, such as Jenner and the smallpox vaccine and Snow and his famous Broad Street pump handle, already knew the answer they were demonstrating; they used the experiments as knowledge translation devices to convince others.More sophisticated modern experiments include cluster randomised controlled trials (CRCTs) for experiments in the public health setting. The knowledge translation value remains: RCTs and CRCTs can potentially stimulate changes of practice among stakeholders...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677118/knowledge-mobilisation-in-bridging-patient-practitioner-researcher-boundaries-a-systematic-integrative-review-protocol
#4
Fiona Cowdell, Andrew Booth, Ben Appleby
AIM: To review published literature to identify when and how patients and health care practitioners have been involved in knowledge mobilisation activity and the impact this may have had on their care. BACKGROUND: Improving patient outcomes, satisfaction and quality of care is increasingly reliant on shared decision-making between health professionals and patients. Knowledge mobilisation, at its simplest "moving knowledge to where it can be most useful" is a growing field of academic study...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643845/on-the-advancement-of-therapeutic-penality-therapeutic-authority-personality-science-and-the-therapeutic-community
#5
Ruari-Santiago McBride
In this article I examine the advancement of therapeutic penality in the UK, a penal philosophy that reimagines prison policy, practices and environments utilising psychological knowledge. Adopting a historical approach, I show how modern therapeutic penality is linked to the emergence of personality science in the nineteenth century and the development of the democratic therapeutic community (DTC) model in the twentieth century. I outline how at the turn of the twenty-first century a catalytic event generated a moral panic that led the British government to mobilise psychological knowledge and technologies in an attempt to manage dangerous people with severe personality disorder...
June 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605003/outcomes-of-gluteus-maximus-and-tensor-fascia-lata-transfer-for-primary-deficiency-of-the-abductors-of-the-hip
#6
Sivashankar Chandrasekaran, Nader Darwish, S Pavan Vemula, Parth Lodhia, Carlos Suarez-Ahedo, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: This study aims to present 3 patients' results after undergoing gluteus maximus and tensor fascia lata (TFL) transfer for chronic abductor tears unable to be repaired primarily. METHODS: 3 patients were identified intraoperatively as having an abductor tear unable to be repaired primarily. The anterior 1/3 of the gluteus maximus and the posterior 1/3 of the TFL were mobilised and transferred to the greater trochanter in order to reproduce the normal force vector of the gluteus medius and minimus...
June 6, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603550/health-system-governance-to-support-scale-up-of-mental-health-care-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#7
Charlotte Hanlon, Tigist Eshetu, Daniel Alemayehu, Abebaw Fekadu, Maya Semrau, Graham Thornicroft, Fred Kigozi, Debra Leigh Marais, Inge Petersen, Atalay Alem
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is embarking upon a ground-breaking plan to address the high levels of unmet need for mental health care by scaling up mental health care integrated within primary care. Health system governance is expected to impact critically upon the success or otherwise of this important initiative. The objective of the study was to explore the barriers, facilitators and potential strategies to promote good health system governance in relation to scale-up of mental health care in Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578303/mobilising-or-standing-still-a-narrative-review-of-surgical-safety-checklist-knowledge-as-developed-in-25-highly-cited-papers-from-2009-to-2016
#8
REVIEW
Bethan Mitchell, Sayra Cristancho, Bryanna B Nyhof, Lorelei A Lingard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 3, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559669/the-effect-of-spinal-position-on-sciatic-nerve-excursion-during-seated-neural-mobilisation-exercises-an-in-vivo-study-using-ultrasound-imaging
#9
Richard Ellis, Samantha Osborne, Janessa Whitfield, Priya Parmar, Wayne Hing
OBJECTIVES: Research has established that the amount of inherent tension a peripheral nerve tract is exposed to influences nerve excursion and joint range of movement (ROM). The effect that spinal posture has on sciatic nerve excursion during neural mobilisation exercises has yet to be determined. The purpose of this research was to examine the influence of different sitting positions (slump-sitting versus upright-sitting) on the amount of longitudinal sciatic nerve movement during different neural mobilisation exercises commonly used in clinical practice...
May 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554375/home-based-copd-psychoeducation-a-qualitative-study-of-the-patients-experiences
#10
D G Bove, J Midtgaard, G Kaldan, D Overgaard, K Lomborg
OBJECTIVE: To explore the patients' experiences of a minimal home-based psychoeducative intervention aimed at reducing symptoms of anxiety. BACKGROUND: In a randomised controlled trial (RCT) we have shown that a minimal home-based and nurse-led psychoeducative intervention has a significant effect in reducing symptoms of anxiety and increasing mastery of dyspnoea in patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, we do not know if the intervention is perceived as meaningful and applicable in the everyday life of patients with advanced COPD...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552258/the-movin-project-mobilisation-of-ventilated-intensive-care-patients-at-nepean-a-quality-improvement-project-based-on-the-principles-of-knowledge-translation-to-promote-nurse-led-mobilisation-of-critically-ill-ventilated-patients
#11
Anwar Hassan, Arvind Rajamani, Fiona Fitzsimons
OBJECTIVE: Prospective quality improvement project to evaluate the impact of a training programme to promote nurse-led mobilisation of intubated critically ill patients. METHODS: This project involved an educational programme to upskill nurses and overcome the barriers/challenges to nurse-led mobilisation. Initial strategies focused on educating and upskilling nurses to attain competency in active mobilisation. Subsequent strategies focused on positive reinforcement to achieve a culture shift...
May 25, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511653/processes-and-challenges-of-community-mobilisation-for-latrine-promotion-under-nirmal-bharat-abhiyan-in-rural-odisha-india
#12
Parimita Routray, Belen Torondel, Marion W Jenkins, Thomas Clasen, Wolf-Peter Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts to eradicate it, open defecation remains widely practiced in India, especially in rural areas. Between 2013 and 2014, 50 villages in one district of Odisha, India, received a sanitation programme under the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA - "Clean India Campaign"), the successor of India's Total Sanitation Campaign. This paper documents the strategies and processes of NBA community mobilisation for latrine promotion in these villages and assesses the strengths and limitations of the mobilisation activities...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426760/regulation-of-proteinaceous-effector-expression-in-phytopathogenic-fungi
#13
REVIEW
Kar-Chun Tan, Richard P Oliver
Effectors are molecules used by microbial pathogens to facilitate infection via effector-triggered susceptibility or tissue necrosis in their host. Much research has been focussed on the identification and elucidating the function of fungal effectors during plant pathogenesis. By comparison, knowledge of how phytopathogenic fungi regulate the expression of effector genes has been lagging. Several recent studies have illustrated the role of various transcription factors, chromosome-based control, effector epistasis, and mobilisation of endosomes within the fungal hyphae in regulating effector expression and virulence on the host plant...
April 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414783/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-early-infant-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-in-malawi
#14
Charles Chilimampunga, Simeon Lijenje, Judith Sherman, Kelvin Nindi, Webster Mavhu
BACKGROUND: Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) has been successfully implemented in 14 countries as an additional HIV prevention intervention. As VMMC programs mature in most countries, the focus is now on how to sustain the HIV prevention gains realised from VMMC. As part of preparations for the sustainability phase, countries are either piloting or preparing to pilot early infant male circumcision (EIMC). This qualitative study explored the acceptability and feasibility of EIMC in Malawi in order to inform pilot implementation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388937/advancing-engagement-methods-for-trials-the-core-study-relational-model-of-engagement-for-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-experience-based-co-design-for-people-living-with-severe-mental-illnesses
#15
Lauralie Richard, Donella Piper, Wayne Weavell, Rosemary Callander, Rick Iedema, John Furler, David Pierce, Kali Godbee, Jane Gunn, Victoria J Palmer
BACKGROUND: Engagement is essential in trials research but is rarely embedded across all stages of the research continuum. The development, use, effectiveness and value of engagement in trials research is poorly researched and understood, and models of engagement are rarely informed by theory. This article describes an innovative methodological approach for the development and application of a relational model of engagement in a stepped wedge designed cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT), the CORE study...
April 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387658/do-turkish-patients-with-lumbar-disc-herniation-know-body-mechanics
#16
Sacide Yildizeli Topcu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Most common and important cause of the low back pain is lumbar disc herniation. Patients with lumbar disc herniation face with difficulties during daily activities due to the reduction of physical functions. In order to maintain daily activities without pain and discomfort, the patients should be informed about proper positions and body mechanics. The aim of the study was to determine the knowledge and the applications of the patients with lumbar disc herniation about body mechanics...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372742/an-optimised-sequential-extraction-scheme-for-the-evaluation-of-vanadium-mobility-in-soils
#17
Yu-Hui Xu, Jen-How Huang, Helmut Brandl
Reviewing the current state of knowledge about sequential extraction applied for soil vanadium (V) fractionation, we identified an urgent requirement of an sequential extraction (SE) specified for V. Namely, almost all previous SE extracted only 8.4%-48% of total V in soils (excluding residue). Thus, we proposed an eight-step SE for V fractionation in soils according to the knowledge gained from literature and our own dissolution experiments with model minerals. After extracting the mobilisable and adsorbed V with de-ionised water and 5mmol/L phosphate, 1mol/L pyrophosphate was applied to gather organic matter bound V which minimised the artefact dissolving Al and Fe (hydr)oxides occurred when using HNO3-H2O2 for extraction...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190550/overcoming-nursing-barriers-to-intensive-care-unit-early-mobilisation-a-quality-improvement-project
#18
Oluwatobi O Hunter, Elisabeth L George, Dianxu Ren, Douglas Morgan, Margaret Rosenzweig, Patricia Klinefelter Tuite
OBJECTIVES: To increase adherence with intensive care unit mobility by developing and implementing a mobility training program that addresses nursing barriers to early mobilisation. DESIGN: An intensive care unit mobility training program was developed, implemented and evaluated with a pre-test, immediate post-test and eight-week post-test. Patient mobility was tracked before and after training. SETTING: A ten bed cardiac intensive care unit...
February 9, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136021/prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism
#19
Richard Greenall
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs more frequently in older people. For those nursing older people in a variety of settings, knowledge of VTE prevention, diagnosis and treatment is essential. This article discusses simple, practical measures that can be used to reduce the risk of VTE, including good hydration and promotion of mobilisation. It also discusses how a VTE forms, the signs and symptoms, and the methods used to diagnose and treat VTE. In recent years new drugs have been licensed to treat patients with VTE called direct oral anticoagulants...
January 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135864/-naloxone-works-the-politics-of-knowledge-in-evidence-based-drug-policy
#20
Kari Lancaster, Carla Treloar, Alison Ritter
For over 20 years, drug policy experts have been calling for the wider availability of naloxone, to enable lay overdose witnesses to respond to opioid overdose events. However, the 'evidence base' for peer-administered naloxone has become a key point of contention. This contention opens up critical questions about how knowledge ('evidence') is constituted and validated in drug policy processes, which voices may be heard, and how knowledge producers secure privileged positions of influence. Taking the debate surrounding peer-administered naloxone as a case study, and drawing on qualitative interviews with individuals (n = 19) involved in the development of naloxone policy in Australia, we examine how particular kinds of knowledge are rendered 'useful' in drug policy debates...
May 2017: Health (London)
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