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Nurse ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781967/qualitative-research-in-correctional-settings-researcher-bias-western-ideological-influences-and-social-justice
#1
Morgan Wadams, Tanya Park
Within correctional settings, justice, health, and academic systems overlap for forensic nurse researchers. Within an environment that stresses social control, a researcher's implicit views, perspectives, and biases can lead to altering the authentic (re)presentation of a participant's experience. Researcher bias may be influenced by predominately western ideologies and societal discourses. Qualitative methods to mitigate and raise awareness around researcher biases include bracketing, unstructured interviews, diverse peer review, thinking inductively, investigator responsiveness, and critical reflexivity...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776744/discovering-mental-models-and-frames-in-learning-of-nursing-ethics-through-simulations
#2
J L Díaz Agea, M R Martín Robles, D Jiménez Rodríguez, I Morales Moreno, I Viedma Viedma, C Leal Costa
The acquisition of ethical competence is necessary in nursing. The aims of the study were to analyse students' perceptions of the process of learning ethics through simulations and to describe the underlying frames that inform the decision making process of nursing students. A qualitative study based on the analysis of simulated experiences and debriefings of six simulated scenarios with ethical content in three different groups of fourth-year nursing students (n = 30), was performed. The simulated situations were designed to contain ethical dilemmas...
May 15, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771160/effects-of-an-intervention-program-for-pomoting-ethical-practices-among-pediatric-nurses
#3
Naomi Matsumori
The Japanese nursing education system only requires a general nursing qualification. After graduation, many Japanese nurses work within pediatric departments where they receive specialized training in pediatric care. An intervention program for promoting ethical nursing practices among patients and their families was implemented for pediatric nurses with 0-5 years pediatric nursing experience. The objective of this study was to clarify changes in nurses' recognition and behaviors, as well as the intervention's post-initiation durability...
May 17, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771102/-reclusion-and-physical-restraint-in-psychiatry-influencing-factors-and-alternatives
#4
Jérôme Morisset
Introduction and context: The use of reclusion and restraint is neither a recent practice nor a rare practice in psychiatric services. In France, the Controller General of Places of Deprivation of Liberty reported certain drifts in 2015. Since then, the public authorities have sought to frame this practice with the aim of limiting its use. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: The purpose of this study is to examine how, through a literature review, the topic of limitation of constraint measures and the definition of a future direction of research is discussed...
March 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765574/psychometric-properties-of-self-assessment-clinical-competency-questionnaire-in-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#5
Batool Nehrir, Abbas Ebadi, Zohreh Vanaki, Jamileh Mokhtari Nouri, Seyed Mohammad Khademolhosseini
Background: One of the main challenges of nursing student education is the lack of clinical competence that reduces the quality of patients care. Measuring the clinical competency of undergraduate nursing students is effective in curriculum developing, planning, and learning evaluation. Objective: To validate self-assessment clinical competence questionnaire of undergraduate nursing students. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study at Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran, 2015-2016...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756956/incidents-and-adverse-events-in-enteral-feeding-tube-users-warnings-based-on-a-cohort-study
#6
Franciele Anziliero, Mariur Gomes Beghetto
INTRODUCTION: few studies clearly describe incidents or adverse events that occur during the enteral nutrition process, which hinders the identification of critical points. OBJECTIVE: to describe breaches of protocol, incidents and adverse events, during the period beginning with indications until the use of enteral feeding tube in an Emergency Department. METHODS: trained nurses prospectively monitored a cohort of adults in a Brazilian Emergency Department where use of enteral feeding tube was indicated and up to their use...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754867/assessing-ethics-knowledge-development-of-a-test-of-ethics-knowledge-in-neonatology
#7
Christy L Cummings, Gina M Geis, Henry A Feldman, Elisa R Berson, Jennifer C Kesselheim
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the Test of Ethics Knowledge in Neonatology (TEK-Neo) with good internal consistency reliability, item performance, and construct validity that reliably assesses interprofessional staff and trainee knowledge of neonatal ethics. STUDY DESIGN: We adapted a published test of ethics knowledge for use in neonatology. The novel instrument had 46 true/false questions distributed among 7 domains of neonatal ethics: ethical principles, professionalism, genetic testing, beginning of life/viability, end of life, informed permission/decision making, and research ethics...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754681/-everyday-racism-in-initial-training
#8
Zarina Lagersie
Student nurses and nursing assistants are, during their training, both in placement practice and the training institute, exposed to racist behaviour and remarks. The teaching teams have an ethical duty to encourage discussion around this issue during initial training.
May 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747786/knowledge-and-practices-of-nurses-on-deep-vein-thrombosis-risks-and-prophylaxis-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#9
Khalid Anwer Al-Mugheed, Nurhan Bayraktar
The aim of the present study was to determine the knowledge and practices of deep vein thrombosis risks and prophylaxis among nurses and to investigate the relation between descriptive characteristics and knowledge and practices of nurses. This descriptive study was conducted with the registered nurses who currently work in a university hospital of Northern Cyprus. Total 165 voluntary nurses composed the sample of the study. A questionnaire prepared by the researchers on the basis of the literature was used as the data collection tool in this study...
June 2018: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743330/protocol-for-a-randomised-trial-of-higher-versus-lower-intensity-patient-provider-communication-interventions-to-reduce-antibiotic-misuse-in-two-paediatric-ambulatory-clinics-in-the-usa
#10
Kathy Goggin, Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Angela L Myers, Brian R Lee, Emily A Hurley, Kirsten B Delay, Sarah Schlachter, Areli Ramphal, Kimberly Pina, David Yu, Kirsten Weltmer, Sebastian Linnemayr, Christopher C Butler, Jason G Newland
INTRODUCTION: Children with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are prescribed up to 11.4 million unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions annually. Inadequate parent-provider communication is a chief contributor, yet efforts to reduce overprescribing have only indirectly targeted communication or been impractical. This paper describes our multisite, parallel group, cluster randomised trial comparing two feasible interventions for enhancing parent-provider communication on the rate of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing (primary outcome) and revisits, adverse drug reactions and parent-rated quality of shared decision-making, parent-provider communication and visit satisfaction (secondary outcomes)...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743326/reducing-urinary-catheter-use-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-an-electronic-reminder-system-in-hospitalised-patients-in-australia
#11
Oyebola Fasugba, Allen C Cheng, Philip L Russo, Maria Northcote, Hannah Rosebrock, Brett G Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Despite advances in infection prevention and control, catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are common and remain problematic. Prolonged urinary catheterisation is the main risk factor for development of CAUTIs; hence, interventions that target early catheter removal warrant investigation. The study's objectives are to examine the efficacy of an electronic reminder system, the CATH TAG, in reducing urinary catheter use (device utilisation ratio) and to determine the effect of the CATH TAG on nurses' ability to deliver patient care...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743028/investigating-determinants-for-patient-satisfaction-in-women-receiving-epidural-analgesia-for-labour-pain-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Daryl Jian An Tan, Rehena Sultana, Nian Lin Reena Han, Alex Tiong Heng Sia, Ban Leong Sng
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia is a popular choice for labour pain relief. Patient satisfaction is an important patient-centric outcome because it can significantly influence both mother and child. However, there is limited evidence in the correlations between clinical determinants and patient satisfaction. We aim to investigate clinical covariates that are associated with low patient satisfaction in parturients receiving labour neuraxial analgesia. METHODS: After institutional ethics approval was obtained, we conducted a retrospective cohort study using electronic and corresponding hardcopy records from 10,170 parturients receiving neuraxial analgesia between the periods of January 2012 to December 2013 in KK Women's and Children's Hospital in Singapore...
May 9, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742270/presenteeism-and-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-nursing-professionals
#13
Heloisa Ehmke Cardoso Dos Santos, Maria Helena Palucci Marziale, Vanda Elisa Andres Felli
OBJECTIVE: to identify the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in two stages (before and after six months of the first stage) and its association with presenteeism among nursing professionals. METHOD: longitudinal study with quantitative data conducted in a Brazilian teaching hospital with 211 nursing professionals. The instruments used for data collection were: Cultural and Psychosocial Influences on Disability - CUPID Questionnaire, used to identify the musculoskeletal symptoms and the Stanford Presenteeism Scale, used to verify presenteeism...
2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739651/nurses-reflections-about-caring-for-critically-ill-non-sedated-and-mechanically-ventilated-critically-ill-patients
#14
Ranveig Lind, Hilde-Irén Liland, Berit S Brinchmann, Inga Akeren
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to explore ICU nurses' experiences of caring for non-sedated, critically ill mechanically ventilated patients, when following a study protocol as part of a clinical trial. DESIGN: The study had a qualitative design with twelve nurses participating in two focus groups. The interviews were analysed using a thematic approach. FINDINGS: One overall theme emerged, "Cautious optimism", which suggests positive experiences but with a negative undertone...
May 5, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738507/the-association-between-quality-improvement-initiatives-in-dementia-care-and-supportive-psychosocial-work-environments-in-nursing-homes
#15
Miharu Nakanishi, Maki Tei-Tominaga
Background : Quality improvement initiatives can help nursing homes strengthen psychosocial work environments. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between supportive psychosocial work environment, and professional and organizational characteristics regarding quality improvement initiatives in dementia care. Methods : A paper questionnaire survey was administered to a convenience sample of 365 professional caregivers in 12 special nursing homes in Japan. Psychosocial work environment was assessed using the Social Capital and Ethical Climate at the Workplace Scale to calculate a score of social capital in the workplace, ethical leadership, and exclusive workplace climate...
May 8, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734933/law-and-ethics-in-nursing-and-healthcare-an-introduction-2-nd-edition-law-and-ethics-in-nursing-and-healthcare-an-introduction-2-nd-edition-avery-graham-sage-publishing-london-2016-isbn-978-1-4129-6174-5-pb-392-pages-%C3%A2-24-29-kindle-%C3%A2-17-15
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734887/patient-autonomy-in-home-care-nurses-relational-practices-of-responsibility
#17
Gaby Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, new healthcare policies are transforming healthcare practices towards independent living and self-care of older people and people with a chronic disease or disability within the community. For professional caregivers in home care, such as nurses, this requires a shift from a caring attitude towards the promotion of patient autonomy. AIM: To explore how nurses in home care deal with the transformation towards fostering patient autonomy and self-care...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734886/cancer-nurses-perceptions-of-ethical-climate-in-greece-and-cyprus
#18
Cloconi Constantina, Evridiki Papastavrou, Andreas Charalambous
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the interest in ethical climate has increased in the literature. However, there is limited understanding of the phenomenon within the cancer care context as well as between countries. AIM: To evaluate cancer nurses' perceptions of hospital ethical climate in Greece and Cyprus. RESEARCH DESIGN: This was a quantitative descriptive-correlational comparative study with cancer nurses. Data were collected with the Greek version of the Hospital Ethical Climate Survey questionnaire in addition to demographic data...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734884/individualized-care-scale-patient-a-spanish-validation-study
#19
Beatriz Rodríguez-Martín, Raúl Martin-Martin, Riitta Suhonen
BACKGROUND: I suggest this individualized care is a fundamental principle closely linked to nursing ethics and has important benefits for the patients, however, nurses do not always take into consideration the principles of individualized care. Moreover, there is no validated instrument to assess patients' views of individualized care in Spanish-speaking countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the validity and reliability of the Spanish version of the Individualized Care Scale-patient...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732600/how-patient-participation-is-constructed-in-mental-health-care-a-grounded-theory-study
#20
Kim Jørgensen, Jacob Dahl Rendtorff, Mari Holen
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore how patient participation is constructed in social interaction processes between nurses, other health professionals and service users, and which structures provide a framework for the participation of service users in a psychiatric context? METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN: Ten tape-recorded interviews of nurses and observations of interactions between nurses, other health professionals and service users reflected differing constructed views of patient participation...
May 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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