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Cancer mortality epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104036/-analysis-of-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-elderly-population-in-china-2013
#1
W Q Chen, R S Zheng, S W Zhang, H M Zeng, X N Zou, J He
Objective: To estimate the cancer incidence and mortality in elderly Chinese population in 2013 based on the data from local cancer registries submitted to National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR). Methods: Data from 255 cancer registries submitted to NCCR with qualified data after checked and evaluated, were selected for this estimation. Cancer incidence and mortality were stratified by areas, sex, age groups and cancer site, combined with population data of the year 2013 to estimate cancer epidemiology in older people in China...
January 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099688/discerning-the-survival-advantage-among-patients-with-prostate-cancer-who-undergo-radical-prostatectomy-or-radiotherapy-the-limitations-of-cancer-registry-data
#2
Stephen B Williams, Jinhai Huo, Karim Chamie, Marc C Smaldone, Christopher D Kosarek, Justin E Fang, Leslie M Ynalvez, Simon P Kim, Karen E Hoffman, Sharon H Giordano, Brian F Chapin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the overall survival of patients who undergo radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy versus noncancer controls to discern whether there is a survival advantage according to prostate cancer treatment and the impact of selection bias on these results. METHODS: A matched cohort study was performed using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare-linked database. In total, 34,473 patients ages 66 to 75 years were identified who were without significant comorbidity, were diagnosed with localized prostate cancer, and received treatment treated with surgery or radiotherapy between 2004 and 2011...
January 18, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096912/mortality-trends-and-the-impact-of-lymphadenectomy-on-survival-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients-with-distant-metastasis
#3
Hiten D Patel, Michael A Gorin, Natasha Gupta, Max Kates, Michael H Johnson, Phillip M Pierorazio, Mohamad E Allaf
INTRODUCTION: Current treatment paradigms for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) invoke a combination of surgical and systemic therapies. We sought to quantify trends in mortality and performance of lymphadenectomy, as well as impact on survival for patients with mRCC. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry (SEER) (1988-2011) identified patients with mRCC. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards models with competing risks regression were employed to assess survival...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095280/relative-importance-of-traditional-risk-factors-for-malignant-melanoma-in-the-czech-population
#4
Lucie Rajská, Dana Göpfertová, Jana Hercogová, Anna Jiráková, Zuzana Sečníková, Filip Rob, Zdeněk Šmerhovský
AIM: The Czech Republic is one of the leading European countries in incident cases of malignant melanoma (MM), which is on the rise. The study objective was to assess the strength of associations between MM and the known generally accepted risk factors for MM in the population of the Czech Republic. METHODS: The study was designed as a case-control study where cases were incident cases of MM detected at the Department of Dermatology and Venereology of the Bulovka Hospital...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094251/is-prostate-cancer-stage-migration-continuing-for-black-men-in-the-psa-era
#5
R W Dobbs, D T Greenwald, H Wadhwa, V L Freeman, M R Abern
BACKGROUND: In the United States, disease-specific mortality from prostate cancer (PC) is highest among black men. While the introduction of widespread PSA testing has been associated with a downward stage migration, whether this trend continues in the late PSA era and for black men is unknown. The objective of our study was to evaluate current PC stage migration patterns in the United States by race. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registry was queried to obtain all cases of PC reported between 2000 and 2013...
January 17, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078982/phytochemicals-a-novel-and-prominent-source-of-anti-cancer-drugs-against-colorectal-cancer
#6
Ravikiran Mahadevappa, Hang Fai Kwok
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a malignant disease whose incidence and mortality rates are greatly influenced by environmental factors. Under-treatment of CRC such as a poor diagnostic evaluation, less aggressive surgery, less intensive chemotherapy results in metastasizing of the primary tumor cells and recurrence of cancer. Prolonged chemotherapy treatment against cancer is hazardous to the patients, which also limits its use in cancer therapy. Current research in developing a novel anti-cancer agent, direct towards finding a better anti-metastatic and an anti-invasive drug with reduced side effects...
January 12, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067940/geographical-and-epidemiological-analysis-of-oncological-incidence-in-paediatric-and-adolescent-ages-in-a-municipality-of-north-western-italy-vercelli-years-2002-2009
#7
C Salerno, P Berchialla, L A Palin, E Barasolo, P G Fossale, P Marciani
INTRODUCTION: This study of the geographical incidence on the oncological mortality in young age (0-44 years) in the City of Vercelli, was aimed to address the concerns of the population and the request of municipal administrators. A detailed and sophisticated study for a City of medium-small size is due for the presence of various sources of pressure, such as a MSW incinerator just a few kilometres from the city and an intensive agricultural activity that characterizes the entire area...
January 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064440/dietary-fibre-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-colorectal-adenomas-and-carcinomas
#8
REVIEW
Yibo Yao, Tao Suo, Roland Andersson, Yongqing Cao, Chen Wang, Jingen Lu, Evelyne Chui
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the Cochrane review published in 2002.Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialised countries. Experimental evidence has supported the hypothesis that dietary fibre may protect against the development of CRC, although epidemiologic data have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of dietary fibre on the recurrence of colorectal adenomatous polyps in people with a known history of adenomatous polyps and on the incidence of CRC compared to placebo...
January 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056392/trends-of-classification-incidence-mortality-and-survival-of-mds-patients-in-switzerland-between-2001-and-2012
#9
Nicolas Bonadies, Anita Feller, Alicia Rovo, Axel Ruefer, Sabine Blum, Bernhard Gerber, Georg Stuessi, Rudolf Benz, Nathan Cantoni, Andreas Holbro, Adrian Schmidt, Thomas Lehmann, C Matthias Wilk, Volker Arndt
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are emerging disorders of the elderly with an increasing burden on healthcare systems. He we report on the first population-based, epidemiological analysis of patients diagnosed with MDS in Switzerland between 2001 and 2012. The aim of this study was to characterize the extent and limitations of currently available population-based, epidemiological data and formulate recommendations for future health services research. The investigated outcomes comprised trends of annual case frequency, classification of morphological subtypes, incidence, mortality and survival...
January 2, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055108/impact-of-ethnicity-on-the-outcome-of-men-with-metastatic-hormone-sensitive-prostate-cancer
#10
Brandon Bernard, Vinayak Muralidhar, Yu-Hui Chen, Srikala S Sridhar, Edith P Mitchell, Curtis A Pettaway, Michael A Carducci, Paul L Nguyen, Christopher J Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes are impacted by socioeconomic and biologic factors. Ethnicity plays a role in the former, but little is known about the responsiveness of metastatic PCa to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) among races. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry was used to identify men who were diagnosed with distant, de novo, metastatic PCa from 2004 to 2012. Patterns of presentation, overall survival (OS), and PCa-specific mortality (PCSM) were determined for each race...
January 5, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055103/cancer-statistics-2017
#11
Rebecca L Siegel, Kimberly D Miller, Ahmedin Jemal
Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths that will occur in the United States in the current year and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival. Incidence data were collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data were collected by the National Center for Health Statistics. In 2017, 1,688,780 new cancer cases and 600,920 cancer deaths are projected to occur in the United States...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053841/epidemiology-and-inequality-in-the-incidence-and%C3%A2-mortality-of-nasopharynx-cancer-in-asia
#12
Neda Mahdavifar, Mahshid Ghoncheh, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Bahman Khosravi, Hamid Salehiniya
OBJECTIVES: One of the most common head and neck cancers is nasopharynx cancer. Knowledge about the incidence and mortality of this disease and its distribution in terms of geographical areas is necessary for further study and better planning. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of determining the incidence and mortality rates of nasopharynx cancer and its relationship with the Human Development Index (HDI) in Asia in 2012. METHODS: The aim of this ecologic study was to assess the correlation between age-specific incidence rate (ASIR) and age-specific mortality rate (ASMR) with HDI and its components, which include the following: life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, and gross national income per capita...
December 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030446/cancer-related-cognitive-impairment-in-older-adults
#13
Andrew Edelstein, Denise Pergolizzi, Yesne Alici
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cancer, aging, and cognition form a complicated interface that can challenge patients, caretakers, and healthcare professionals. Although the typical aging process allows for compensatory mechanisms to help maintain daily functioning, cancer and cancer treatments can remove the fail-safes and exacerbate cognitive decline. As a result, older cancer patients can experience increased morbidity and mortality. The goal of this article is to provide additional assessment strategies, diagnostic considerations, and treatment options for providers taking care of this growing population...
December 26, 2016: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029530/survival-of-asian-females-with-advanced-lung-cancer-in-the-era-of-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-therapy
#14
Daniel J Becker, Juan P Wisnivesky, Michael L Grossbard, Abraham Chachoua, D Ross Camidge, Benjamin P Levy
INTRODUCTION: We examined the effect of access to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy on survival for Asian female (AF) EGFR mutation-enriched patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database to study patients with stage IV lung adenocarcinoma diagnosed from 1998 to 2012. We compared survival (lung cancer-specific survival [LCSS] and overall survival) between AFs and non-Asian males (NAMs), an EGFR mutation-enriched and EGFR mutation-unenriched population, respectively, with a diagnosis in the pre-EGFR TKI (1998-2004) and EGFR TKI (2005-2012) eras...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026855/does-hormonal-therapy-for-fertility-preservation-affect-the-survival-of-young-women-with-early-stage-endometrial-cancer
#15
Zoë R Greenwald, Lina N Huang, Michel D Wissing, Eduardo L Franco, Walter H Gotlieb
BACKGROUND: The incidence of endometrial cancer among young women is increasing. Some patients with low-grade endometrial cancer receive hormone therapy (HT) before surgery to preserve fertility. It is unclear whether this adversely affects survival. METHODS: Patients with localized, low-grade endometrial cancer who were aged <45 years were selected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database between 1993 and 2012. Propensity score matching was used to select comparable groups receiving HT or primary surgery...
December 27, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024699/temporal-patterns-of-care-and-outcomes-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-in-the-united-states-diagnosed-in-1996-2005-and-2010
#16
Filip Kaniski, Lindsey Enewold, Anish Thomas, Shakuntala Malik, Jennifer L Stevens, Linda C Harlan
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer remains a common and deadly cancer in the United States. This study evaluated factors associated with stage-specific cancer therapy and survival focusing on temporal trends and sociodemographic disparities. METHODS: A random sample (n=3,318) of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients diagnosed in 1996, 2005 and 2010, and reported to the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program was analyzed...
January 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017434/cost-effectiveness-of-increasing-cervical-cancer-screening-coverage-in-the-middle-east-an-example-from-lebanon
#17
Monisha Sharma, Muhieddine Seoud, Jane J Kim
BACKGROUND: Most cervical cancer (CC) cases in Lebanon are detected at later stages and associated with high mortality. There is no national organized CC screening program so screening is opportunistic and limited to women who can pay out-of-pocket. Therefore, a small percentage of women receive repeated screenings while most are under-or never screened. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of increasing screening coverage and extending intervals. METHODS: We used an individual-based Monte Carlo model simulating HPV and CC natural history and screening...
December 22, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011808/cancer-data-and-aboriginal-disparities-candad-developing-an-advanced-cancer-data-system-for-aboriginal-people-in-south-australia-a-mixed-methods-research-protocol
#18
Paul Henry Yerrell, David Roder, Margaret Cargo, Rachel Reilly, David Banham, Jasmine May Micklem, Kim Morey, Harold Bundamurra Stewart, Janet Stajic, Michael Norris, Alex Brown
INTRODUCTION: In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People carry a greater burden of cancer-related mortality than non-Aboriginal Australians. The Cancer Data and Aboriginal Disparities Project aims to develop and test an integrated, comprehensive cancer monitoring and surveillance system capable of incorporating epidemiological and narrative data to address disparities and advocate for clinical system change. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Advanced Cancer Data System will integrate routinely collected unit record data from the South Australian Population Cancer Registry and a range of other data sources for a retrospective cohort of indigenous people with cancers diagnosed from 1990 to 2010...
December 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010058/-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-patients-with-intra-abdominal-postsurgical-infection-treated-with-tigecycline-a-cohort-study
#19
G Torres, M Paredes, A Hernández, C García, F Sánchez Bueno, M Canteras, P Parrilla, J Gómez
OBJECTIVE: To study a cohort of patients with intra-abdominal postsurgical infection treated with tigecycline to analyze its effectiveness and mortality related factors. METHODS: Prospective study of patients with intra-abdominal postsurgical infection with microbiological isolation and treated with tigecycline. RESULTS: Out of 103 patients only 61 full fit inclusion criteria. Mean age was 67 year-old and 72% were male. Charlson score was ≥ 3 in 65...
December 23, 2016: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005614/trends-in-net-survival-from-prostate-cancer-in-six-european-latin-countries-results-from-the-sudcan-population-based-study
#20
Pascale Grosclaude, Laurent Roche, Rafael Fuentes-Raspall, Nerea Larrañaga
Cancer survival is a key measure of the effectiveness of a health-care system. European Latin countries have some differences in their health system; therefore, it is of interest to compare them in terms of survival from cancer. Prostate cancer data from six countries (Belgium, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and Switzerland) were extracted from the EUROCARE-5 database (end of follow-up: 1 January 2009). First, the net survival (NS) was studied over the 2000-2004 period using the Pohar-Perme estimator. For trend analyses, the study period was specific to each country...
January 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
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