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Cancer mortality epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334425/risk-reducing-salpingectomy-let-us-be-opportunistic
#1
REVIEW
Kara C Long Roche, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Mlica Nourmoussavi, Oliver Zivanovic
Because there is no screening test for ovarian cancer, effective prevention strategies may be the best way to reduce the mortality of this most lethal gynecologic malignancy. Increasing evidence supports the hypothesis that the fallopian tube is the site of origin for the vast majority of high-grade serous carcinomas. Our growing understanding of the pathogenesis of this disease offers a rare opportunity to explore new preventive measures, such as bilateral salpingectomy, which may provide great benefit without compromising ovarian function...
March 23, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331339/chronological-changes-in-lung-cancer-surgery-in-a-single-japanese-institution
#2
Haruhiko Nakamura, Hiroki Sakai, Hiroyuki Kimura, Tomoyuki Miyazawa, Hideki Marushima, Hisashi Saji
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the chronological changes in epidemiological factors and surgical outcomes in patients with lung cancer who underwent surgery in a single Japanese institution. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A clinicopathological database of patients with lung cancer who underwent surgery with curative intent from January 1974 to December 2014 was reviewed. The chronological changes in various factors, including patient's age, sex, histological type, tumor size, pathological stage (p-stage), surgical method, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, 30-day mortality, and postoperative overall survival (OS), were evaluated...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330822/long-term-survival-of-patients-aged-80-years-or-older-treated-with-radical-prostatectomy-for-prostate-cancer
#3
P Dell'Oglio, E Zaffuto, K Boehm, V Trudeau, A Larcher, Z Tian, M Moschini, S F Shariat, M Graefen, F Saad, U Capitanio, A Briganti, F Montorsi, P I Karakiewicz
BACKGROUND: Radical prostatectomy (RP) is the gold standard for clinically localized prostate cancer (PCa) patients with life expectancy (LE) of at least 10 years. We examined long-term survival of men aged 80 years or older treated with RP and we attempted to identify criteria based on age and comorbidities that could predict survival of at least 10 years after RP, to identify those that might be considered for RP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare-linked database, we identified 234 octo- and nonagenarians with clinical T1, T2 or T3 PCa treated with RP between 1991 and 2009...
March 10, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330788/oral-cancer-characteristics-in-france-descriptive-epidemiology-for-early-detection
#4
K Jéhannin-Ligier, O Dejardin, M Colonna, A V Guizard
Despite the frequency and lethality of oral cancers in France, there are no detailed general population data regarding the characteristics of these patients to fuel the public health authorities' reflections about early detection policies. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine, in the general population, the characteristics of both patients and tumours at the time of the diagnosis. A high-resolution, population-based study using 13 French registries was conducted on 1089 tumours diagnosed in 2010...
February 24, 2017: J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324124/osteoporosis-in-frail-patients-a-consensus-paper-of-the-belgian-bone-club
#5
REVIEW
E Gielen, P Bergmann, O Bruyère, E Cavalier, P Delanaye, S Goemaere, J-M Kaufman, M Locquet, J-Y Reginster, S Rozenberg, A-M Vandenbroucke, J-J Body
In this consensus paper, the Belgian Bone Club aims to provide a state of the art on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of osteoporosis in frail individuals, including patients with anorexia nervosa, patients on dialysis, cancer patients, persons with sarcopenia, and the oldest old. All these conditions may indeed induce bone loss that is superimposed on physiological bone loss and often remains under-recognized and under-treated. This is of particular concern because of the major burden of osteoporotic fractures in terms of morbidity, mortality, and economic cost...
March 21, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324052/skeletal-complications-and-mortality-in-thyroid-cancer-a-population-based-study
#6
Palak Choksi, Maria Papaleontiou, Cui Guo, Francis Worden, Mousumi Banerjee, Megan Haymart
Context: Although bone is a common site for tumor metastases, the burden of bone events (bone metastases and skeletal-related events (SREs)) in patients with thyroid cancer is not well known. Objective: To measure the prevalence of bone events and their impact on mortality in patients with thyroid cancer. Patients, Design, and Setting: We identified patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer between 1991-2011 from the linked Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare (SEER-Medicare) dataset...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322121/thyroglossal-duct-cyst-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-features-and-outcomes
#7
Hani M Rayess, Ian Monk, Peter F Svider, Amar Gupta, S Naweed Raza, Ho-Sheng Lin
Objective Although thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDCs) are relatively common, malignancies within these lesions are infrequent. As a result, there are no large-scale series describing clinical characteristics. Our objectives were to perform a systematic review of the literature evaluating patient demographics, pathology, management, and prognosis of these patients. Data Sources PubMed, Embase, Cochrane reviews, and Google Scholar were searched for relevant articles. Articles meeting inclusion criteria were reviewed for data detailing epidemiology, treatment, and outcomes...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315902/postoperative-radioactive-iodine-131-ablation-is-not-necessary-among-patients-with-intermediate-risk-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma-a-population-based-study
#8
Hong Zhang, Yuechang Cai, Li Zheng, Zhanlei Zhang, Ningyi Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation among patients with intermediate-risk differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) following surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This population based study obtained information from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program Research Data (1973-2013). National Cancer Institute, DCCPS, Surveillance Research Programme, Surveillance Systems Branch, released April 2016, based on the November 2015 submission...
March 20, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304120/comparative-effectiveness-of-chemotherapy-versus-resection-of-the-primary-tumor-as-the-initial-treatment-in-older-patients-with-stage-iv-colorectal-cancer
#9
Hemalkumar B Mehta, Gabriela M Vargas, Deepak Adhikari, Francesca Dimou, Taylor S Riall
AIM: The objective was to determine trends in the use of chemotherapy as the initial treatment and evaluate the comparative effectiveness of initial chemotherapy versus resection of the primary tumour on survival (intention-to-treat analysis) in stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: This cohort study used Surveillance Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare (2000-2011) data, including patients ≥66 years presenting with stage IV CRC. Cox proportional hazards models and instrumental variable analysis were used to determine the association of chemotherapy versus resection of the primary tumour as the initial treatment with 2-year survival...
March 17, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301662/brain-metastases-in-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer-a-population-based-study
#10
Allison M Martin, Daniel N Cagney, Paul J Catalano, Laura E Warren, Jennifer R Bellon, Rinaa S Punglia, Elizabeth B Claus, Eudocia Q Lee, Patrick Y Wen, Daphne A Haas-Kogan, Brian M Alexander, Nancy U Lin, Ayal A Aizer
Importance: Population-based estimates of the incidence and prognosis of brain metastases at diagnosis of breast cancer are lacking. Objective: To characterize the incidence proportions and median survivals of patients with breast cancer and brain metastases at the time of cancer diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Patients with breast cancer and brain metastases at the time of diagnosis were identified using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database of the National Cancer Institute...
March 16, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297796/-current-epidemiology-and-pathogenesis-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-associated-liver-cancer
#11
D F Chen, W J Sun, K J Liu, L Z Wen
Liver cancer is a common malignant tumor. Although the overall incidence and mortality rates of liver cancer has been decreasing in recent years, the incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)-associated liver cancer tends to increase. The health and social issues brought by NAFLD-associated liver cancer have attracted more and more attention, and its epidemiology, pathogenesis, and diagnosis and treatment await further research. This article summarizes the current epidemiology and pathogenesis of NAFLD-associated liver cancer...
February 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297009/development-and-validation-of-a-prognostic-score-for-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#12
Mustafa Raoof, Sinziana Dumitra, Philip H G Ituarte, Laleh Melstrom, Susanne G Warner, Yuman Fong, Gagandeep Singh
Importance: In patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), the oncologic benefit of surgery and perioperative outcomes for large multifocal tumors or tumors with contiguous organ involvement remain to be defined. Objectives: To develop and externally validate a simplified prognostic score for ICC and to determine perioperative outcomes for large multifocal ICCs or tumors with contiguous organ involvement. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study of a contemporary cohort merged data from the California Cancer Registry (January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2011) and the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development inpatient database...
March 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292524/prevalence-of-lymph-node-metastasis-and-prognostic-significance-of-lymphadenectomy-in-apparent-early-stage-malignant-ovarian-sex-cord-stromal-tumors
#13
Dimitrios Nasioudis, Tomi T Kanninen, Kevin Holcomb, Giovanni Sisti, Steven S Witkin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective population-based study was to investigate the prevalence of lymph node metastasis in patients with apparent early stage malignant sex cord-stromal tumors (SCSTs) and the effect of regional lymph node sampling/lymphadenectomy (LND) on their survival. METHODS: A cohort of patients diagnosed with malignant SCSTs between 1988 and 2012 was drawn from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
March 11, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291906/changes-in-mortality-and-incidence-of-prostate-cancer-by-risk-class-in-different-periods-in-italy-the-possible-effects-of-psa-spread
#14
Massimo Vicentini, Claudio Sacchettini, Annalisa Trama, Nicola Nicolai, Gemma Gatta, Laura Botta, Riccardo Valdagni, Paolo Giorgi Rossi
PURPOSE: In Italy, the spread of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing varies in different areas. A peak of incidence was reached in 2003-2004 in some areas, while in others the incidence is still increasing. Mortality has declined since 1999 in some areas, while it remains stable in others. We compared mortality and the risk of advanced cancer over 2 periods (1996-1998; 2005-2007) and by geographic area characterized by a different spread of PSA, to understand the possible impact of PSA on the epidemiology of prostate cancer...
February 28, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290624/thick-melanoma-in-tuscany
#15
Alessandra Chiarugi, Paolo Nardini, Lorenzo Borgognoni, Paola Brandani, Gianni Gerlini, Pietro Rubegni, Arianna Lamberti, Camilla Salvini, Giovanni Lo Scocco, Roberto Cecchi, Riccardo Sirna, Stefano Lorenzi, Riccardo Gattai, Silvio Battistini, Emanuele Crocetti
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic trends of cutaneous melanoma are similar in several countries with a Western-type life style, where there is a progressive increasing incidence and a low but not decreasing mor- tality, or somewhere an increase too, especially in the older age groups. Also in Tuscany there is a steady rise in incidence with prevalence of in situ and invasive thin melanomas, with also an increase of thick melanomas. It is necessary to reduce the frequency of thick melanomas to reduce specific mortality...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287336/current-outlook-of-childhood-cancer-epidemiology-in-a-middle-income-country-under-a-public-health-insurance-program
#16
Roberto Rivera-Luna, Liliana Velasco-Hidalgo, Marta Zapata-Tarrés, Rocío Cárdenas-Cardos, Marco R Aguilar-Ortiz
In Mexico, childhood cancer (0-18 years) is treated in a multidisciplinary way while providing care for more than half of the affected children through a public medical insurance. This insurance is given to all children who do not have any health care coverage in Mexico. This program is offered to the poorest of all Mexicans. All the children with this disease are submitted to pathology diagnosis and treatment according to national treatment protocols from 57 accredited medical institutions. From 2007 to 2015, a total of 24,039 children with cancer have been registered; the male gender predominates by 55%...
March 13, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286939/epidemiological-trend-of-pulmonary-thromboembolism-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-korea
#17
Tae Yun Park, Jae-Woo Jung, Jae Chol Choi, Jong Wook Shin, Jae Yeol Kim, Byoung Whui Choi, In Won Park
Background/Aims: Despite increasing interest in pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE), data on recent trends in PTE incidence are limited. This study evaluated the recent incidence rate of PTE. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients with PTE admitted to Chung-Ang University Hospital during the 10-year period from 2006 to 2015. Age-standardized incidence and mortality rates were calculated by the direct method per 100,000 populations. To analyze the trend of risk factor, we also calculated the proportions of cancer, major operation, and recent major fracture over that time...
March 13, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284518/primary-lymphoma-of-the-female-genital-tract-an-analysis-of-697-cases
#18
Dimitrios Nasioudis, Polydoros N Kampaktsis, Melissa Frey, Steven S Witkin, Kevin Holcomb
OBJECTIVE: Primary lymphoma of the female genital tract (PLFGT) is a rare entity. The aim of this population-based study was to elucidate the clinico-pathological, demographic characteristics and survival of women with PLFGT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was accessed and cases of PLFGT diagnosed between 1988 and 2012 were identified. Five-year overall (OS) and cancer-specific (CSS) survival rates were calculated with the Kaplan-Meier method...
March 9, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279414/management-of-heart-failure-in-cancer-patients-and-cancer-survivors
#19
REVIEW
Jose Emanuel Finet
The number of cancer survivors increases annually, because of advances in detection and treatment, and the aging and growth of the population. This increase has brought a concomitant increase in morbidity and mortality from other conditions related to the adverse effects of cancer treatments. Cardiovascular diseases, and in particular left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure, are among the most significant of these. There are no unified and universally accepted evidence-based practice guidelines on the management of heartfailure in this population...
April 2017: Heart Failure Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277236/-we-ve-been-together-we-don-t-have-it-we-re-fine-how-relationship-status-impacts-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-behavior-among-young-adult-women
#20
Erika L Thompson, Cheryl A Vamos, Diane M Straub, William M Sappenfield, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Vaccination against the human papillomavirus (HPV) has the potential to significantly reduce morbidity and mortality associated with genital warts and HPV-related cancers. However, HPV vaccination rates continue to be suboptimal among the "catch-up" population of 18- to 26-year-old women. One consistent risk factor for nonvaccination is being in a relationship. This study aimed to understand how relationship status and vaccination status impact risk perceptions and perceived need for the HPV vaccine among young adult women...
October 27, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
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