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Cancer mortality epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208158/epidemiologic-factors-that-predict-long-term-survival-following-a-diagnosis-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#1
Shana J Kim, Barry Rosen, Isabel Fan, Anna Ivanova, John R McLaughlin, Harvey Risch, Steven A Narod, Joanne Kotsopoulos
BACKGROUND: Various epidemiologic factors have been shown to influence the risk of ovarian cancer development. Given the high fatality associated with this disease, it is of interest to evaluate the association of prediagnostic hormonal, reproductive, and lifestyle exposures with ovarian cancer-specific survival. METHODS: We included 1421 patients with invasive epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosed in Ontario, Canada. Clinical information was obtained from medical records and prediagnostic exposure information was collected by telephone interview...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206978/pathogenic-roles-of-alterations-in-vitamin-d-and-vitamin-d-receptor-in-gastric-tumorigenesis
#2
REVIEW
Chao Du, Shiming Yang, Xiaoyan Zhao, Hui Dong
Gastric cancer is currently the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, especially in Japan, Korea and China, and the 5-year survival rate of gastric cancer is less than 30%. Thus, it is important to shed more lights on novel agents to prevent gastric cancer or to improve survival rate of the patients. Vitamin D not only maintains calcium and bone homeostasis, but also mostly inhibits tumor genesis, invasion, and metastasis through activation of vitamin D receptor. Although epidemiological results are not consistent, accumulating evidence from gastric cancer cells, animal models, and clinical trials suggest that vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk and mortality of gastric cancer, but vitamin D supplement might be a safe and economical way to prevent or treat gastric cancer...
February 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205160/non-fermentative-gram-negative-rods-bacteremia-in-children-with-cancer-a-14-year-single-center-experience
#3
D Averbuch, C Avaky, M Harit, P Stepensky, I Fried, T Ben-Ami, V Temper, Y Peled, H Troen, R Masarwa, W Abu Ahmad, M Weintraub, S Revel-Vilk, D Engelhard
PURPOSE: Data on non-fermentative Gram-negative rods (NFGNR) bacteremia in children with malignancies are limited. The aim of this study was to present clinical picture, antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, risk factors for resistance and outcome in NFGNR bacteremia in children with cancer. METHODS: All episodes of NFGNR bacteremia occurring during 2001-2014 in children with cancer in a tertiary-care hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter spp...
February 15, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202637/supplemental-selenium-may-decrease-ovarian-cancer-risk-in-african-american-women
#4
Paul D Terry, Bo Qin, Fabian Camacho, Patricia G Moorman, Anthony J Alberg, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Kristin A Guertin, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Joellen M Schildkraut, Elisa V Bandera
Background: To our knowledge, no previous study has evaluated the associations of antioxidant intake with the risk of ovarian cancer in African-American women, who are known to have high mortality from the disease.Objective: We sought to evaluate these associations among 406 ovarian cancer cases and 632 age- and site-matched controls of African-American descent recruited from AACES (African American Cancer Epidemiology Study), a population-based, case-control study in 11 geographical areas within the United States...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199975/epidemiology-and-survival-outcome-of-breast-cancer-in-a-nationwide-study
#5
Fu-Chao Liu, Huan-Tang Lin, Chang-Fu Kuo, Lai-Chu See, Meng-Jiun Chiou, Huang-Ping Yu
Breast cancer is among the most prevalent cancers in Taiwan. The National Health Insurance database was used to identify patients with breast cancer and estimate the yearly prevalence and incidence of breast cancer between 1997 and 2013. Joinpoint regression analysis was used for the annual percentage change of incidence, prevalence, and survival outcome. Among 12,181,919 female beneficiaries in 2013, the prevalence was 834.37 per 100,000 persons (95% confidence interval, 829.28-839.45) and the incidence was 93...
February 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197206/survival-after-abdominoperineal-and-sphincter-preserving-resection-in-nonmetastatic-rectal-cancer-a-population-based-time-trend-and-propensity-score-matched-seer-analysis
#6
Rene Warschkow, Sabrina M Ebinger, Walter Brunner, Bruno M Schmied, Lukas Marti
Background. Abdominoperineal resection (APR) has been associated with impaired survival in nonmetastatic rectal cancer patients. It is unclear whether this adverse outcome is due to the surgical procedure itself or is a consequence of tumor-related characteristics. Study Design. Patients were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. The impact of APR compared to coloanal anastomosis (CAA) on survival was assessed by Cox regression and propensity-score matching. Results. In 36,488 patients with rectal cancer resection, the APR rate declined from 31...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195303/staging-of-pancreatic-cancer-based-on-the-number-of-positive-lymph-nodes
#7
I Tarantino, R Warschkow, T Hackert, B M Schmied, M W Büchler, O Strobel, A Ulrich
BACKGROUND: The International Study Group on Pancreatic Surgery has stated that at least 12 lymph nodes should be evaluated for staging of pancreatic cancer. The aim of this population-based study was to evaluate whether the number of positive lymph nodes refines staging. METHODS: Patients who underwent pancreatectomy for stage I-II pancreatic cancer between 2004 and 2012 were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. The predictive value of the number of positive lymph nodes for survival was assessed by generalized receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and propensity score-adjusted Cox regression analysis...
February 14, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186459/bioactivity-of-carotenoids-chasms-of-knowledge
#8
Torsten Bohn
Carotenoid dietary intake, especially within fruits/vegetables and their plasma levels have been associated in many epidemiological studies with a reduced risk of several chronic diseases, including type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, several types of cancer, and agerelated macular degeneration. However, intervention trials with isolated carotenoids (as supplements) have fallen short of fulfi lling the hopes that were placed in these lipophilic pigments, often producing no positive or even adverse effects, such as increased lung cancer rate or total mortality...
February 10, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185756/trends-in-colorectal-cancer-in-the-caribbean-a-population-based-study-in-martinique-1982-2011
#9
C Joachim, J Véronique-Baudin, M Razanakaivo, J Macni, A Pomier, M-J Dorival, J Smith-Ravin, O Pierre-Louis, P Escarmant
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe incidence and mortality from colorectal cancer, and temporal trends between 1982 and 2011 in Martinique (French West-Indies). METHODS: This was a descriptive, longitudinal, observational study based on data from the Martinique cancer registry. The study included all incident cases of colorectal cancer between 1982 and 2011. We recorded sociodemographic data and clinical variables (histology, site according to the WHO classification)...
February 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185084/-schistosomose-urog%C3%A3-nitale-et-cancer
#10
A Berry, X Iriart, J Fillaux, J-F Magnaval
The existence of a link between urinary schistosomiasis (US) and bladder carcinoma was first suspected by C. Goebel in 1905. In 1911, A.R Ferguson, who was a professor of Pathology and Microbiology at the Faculty of Medicine in Cairo, published a more detailed survey from 40 autopsies, and reported a likely association of bladder carcinoma with granulomas caused by US. Subsequently, published results from several studies reinforced Ferguson's hypothesis. Moreover, in most countries where US was endemic, association of high prevalence of bladder carcinoma with US had been pointed out...
February 10, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181405/epidemiology-of-breast-cancer-in-indian-women
#11
REVIEW
Shreshtha Malvia, Sarangadhara Appalaraju Bagadi, Uma S Dubey, Sunita Saxena
Breast cancer has ranked number one cancer among Indian females with age adjusted rate as high as 25.8 per 100,000 women and mortality 12.7 per 100,000 women. Data reports from various latest national cancer registries were compared for incidence, mortality rates. The age adjusted incidence rate of carcinoma of the breast was found as high as 41 per 100,000 women for Delhi, followed by Chennai (37.9), Bangalore (34.4) and Thiruvananthapuram District (33.7). A statistically significant increase in age adjusted rate over time (1982-2014) in all the PBCRs namely Bangalore (annual percentage change: 2...
February 9, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180235/incidence-rates-and-case-fatality-rates-of-portal-vein-thrombosis-and-budd-chiari-syndrome
#12
Walter Ageno, Francesco Dentali, Fulvio Pomero, Luigi Fenoglio, Alessandro Squizzato, Giovanni Pagani, Roberta Re, Matteo Bonzini
Little information is available on the incidence of splanchnic vein thrombosis and on mortality rates during the acute phase of the disease. We performed a large epidemiologic study on hospital admissions for portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and the Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) between 2002 and 2012 in Northwestern Italy. Primary and secondary discharge diagnoses of PVT and BCS were identified using the 9th edition International Classification of Diseases codes 453.0, 572.1 and 452. Hospitalisations for recurrent events were not included...
February 9, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179335/addition-of-rituximab-to-chemotherapy-reduced-the-rate-of-surgery-for-gastric-dlbcl-without-increasing-early-mortality
#13
Philippe Prouet, Smith Giri, Eric Wiedower, Andrew Fintel, George Yaghmour, Elena Paulus Lamb, Jeremiah Deneve, Martin Fleming, Paxton Dickson, Jason C Chandler, Mike G Martin
BACKGROUND: We evaluated surgical trends for gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (gDLBCL) before and after the approval of rituximab and whether an association of early mortality existed in patients treated after approval of rituximab. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We utilized the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) 18 database to extract data on patients with gDLBCL diagnosed between 1983-2012. Primary site-specific cancer-directed surgery using SEER site-specific surgical codes and annual trends were analyzed...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178716/invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-infection-in-patients-with-cancer
#14
Vivek Singh, Sowmya Nanjappa, Smitha Pabbathi, John N Greene
A major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer is infection. Since the introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine in the United States in the 1990s, invasive H influenzae infection has become less common. We report on 5 patients with cancer and invasive H influenzae infection. A literature review was also performed of the dominant Haemophilus subtype and the clinical features associated with the infection and concomitant cancer. Of the 17 cases found in the literature, had hematological malignancies and 1 case each had thymoma, schwannoma, teratoma, and pancreatic, Merkel cell, pharyngeal, laryngeal, and rectal carcinomas...
January 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168138/racial-disparity-in-prostate-cancer-specific-mortality-for-high-risk-prostate-cancer-a-population-based-study
#15
Chenyang Wang, Mitchell Kamrava, Chris King, Michael L Steinberg
INTRODUCTION: Race may be a significant factor that influences prostate cancer (PCa) survival, with the Asian (AsA) race being associated with better outcomes compared to African American (AA) and Non-Hispanic Whites (NHW). This study evaluates race-dependent variation in PCa-specific mortality (PCSM) associated with radiation dose-escalation exemplified by external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) with a brachytherapy (BT) boost in Gleason score 8-10 PCa. METHODS: 28,956 men diagnosed with clinically localized PCa and Gleason score 8-10 from 2004-2013 who received EBRT, EBRT with a BT boost, or radical prostatectomy (RP) were identified using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database...
January 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167547/bacteremia-due-to-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-cre-a-multicenter-clinical-and-molecular-epidemiologic-analysis-in-the-nation-s-epicenter-for-cre
#16
Michael J Satlin, Liang Chen, Gopi Patel, Angela Gomez-Simmonds, Gregory Weston, Angela C Kim, Susan K Seo, Marnie E Rosenthal, Steven J Sperber, Stephen G Jenkins, Camille L Hamula, Anne-Catrin Uhlemann, Michael H Levi, Bettina C Fries, Yi-Wei Tang, Stefan Juretschko, Albert D Rojtman, Tao Hong, Barun Mathema, Michael R Jacobs, Thomas J Walsh, Robert A Bonomo, Barry N Kreiswirth
Although the New York/New Jersey (NY/NJ) area is an epicenter for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), there are few multicenter studies of CRE from this region. We characterized patients with CRE bacteremia in 2013 at eight NY/NJ medical centers and determined the prevalence of carbapenem resistance among Enterobacteriaceae bloodstream isolates and CRE resistance mechanisms, genetic backgrounds, capsular types (cps), and antimicrobial susceptibilities. Of 121 patients with CRE bacteremia, 50% had cancer or transplantation...
February 6, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165014/the-demographic-features-clinicopathological-characteristics-and-cancer-specific-outcomes-for-patients-with-microinvasive-breast-cancer-a-seer-database-analysis
#17
Wenna Wang, Wenjie Zhu, Feng Du, Yang Luo, Binghe Xu
To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and survival outcomes of microinvasive breast cancer, we conducted an observational study of female diagnosed with DCIS or DCIS with microinvasion (DCISM) from 1990 to 2012 using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. There were 87695 DCIS and 8863 DCISM identified. In DCISM group, patients appeared to be younger and more black patients were identified in comparison with DCIS group. Furthermore, DCISM was associated with more aggressive tumor characteristics like higher rates of oestrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) negativity, HER2 positivity, and lymph node metastasis...
February 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156003/population-based-validation-of-the-2014-isup-gleason-grade-groups-in-patients-treated-with-radical-prostatectomy-brachytherapy-external-beam-radiation-or-no-local-treatment
#18
Raisa S Pompe, Helen Davis-Bondarenko, Emanuele Zaffuto, Zhe Tian, Shahrokh F Shariat, Sami-Ramzi Leyh-Bannurah, Jonas Schiffmann, Fred Saad, Hartwig Huland, Markus Graefen, Derya Tilki, Pierre I Karakiewicz
BACKGROUND: To test discriminant ability of the 2014 ISUP Gleason grade groups (GGG) for prediction of prostate cancer specific mortality (PCSM) after radical prostatectomy (RP), brachytherapy (BT), external beam radiation (EBRT) or no local treatment (NLT) relative to traditional Gleason grading (TGG). METHODS: In the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-database (2004-2009), 2,42,531 non-metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) patients were identified, who underwent local treatment (RP, BT, EBRT only) or NLT...
February 3, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155030/compositional-analysis-of-topsoil-metals-and-its-associations-with-cancer-mortality-using-spatial-misaligned-data
#19
Gonzalo López-Abente, Juan Locutura-Rupérez, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Iván Martín-Méndez, Alejandro Bel-Lan, Olivier Núñez
The presence of toxic metals in soil per se, and in soil impacted by mining, industry, agriculture and urbanisation in particular, is a major concern for both human health and ecotoxicology. The dual aim of this study was: to ascertain whether topsoil composition could influence the spatial distribution of mortality due to different types of cancer and to identify possible errors committed by epidemiological studies which analyse soil composition data as a closed number system. We conducted an ecological cancer mortality study, covering 861,440 cancer deaths (27 cancer sites) in 7917 Spanish mainland towns, from 1999 to 2008...
February 2, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152778/patterns-of-comorbidity-among-older-u-s-patients-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#20
Steven I Park, Jennifer Leigh Lund
: 304 Background: Evidence suggests that the number and type ofcomorbidities at cancer diagnosis influences cancer treatment and mortality, especially among older patients.We sought to describe comorbidity patterns and identify how patterns predict all-cause mortality among older non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients. METHODS: Using the linked Surveillance, Epidemiologic, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare databases, we identified patients aged > 66 with a first diagnosis of stage I-IV NHL from 2007-2009...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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