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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340793/neuroimaging-findings-in-patients-with-medication-overuse-headache
#1
REVIEW
Tzu-Hsien Lai, Shuu-Jiun Wang
Medication overuse headache (MOH) is a secondary headache syndrome defined as the deterioration of the headache associated with the overuse of analgesics. The prevalence of MOH is 1-2% in the general population and even up to 50% in special clinics. Overuse of abortive medications is highly associated with chronic daily headaches and also a known risk factor for headache evolution. Possible mechanisms include neural plasticity changes such as sensitization and defective endogenous pain inhibition. Psychological studies have suggested dependence, even addiction, in patients with MOH...
January 16, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328983/social-and-cognitive-control-skills-in-long-life-occupation-activities-modulate-the-brain-reserve-in-the-behavioural-variant-of-frontotemporal-dementia
#2
Alessandra Dodich, Giulia Carli, Chiara Cerami, Sandro Iannaccone, Giuseppe Magnani, Daniela Perani
BACKGROUND: Cognitive reserve may delay disease onset and mitigate symptoms presentation in neurodegenerative dementias. Although high occupation levels can be associated with higher cognitive reserve in the behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), it was never addressed how specific occupation profiles involving social interaction, executive and attention abilities can modulate neural reserve in bvFTD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively included thirty-seven bvFTD patients with clinical-neuropsychological and FDG-PET brain metabolic data...
December 19, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306583/regional-vulnerability-in-alzheimer-s-the-role-of-cell-autonomous-and-transneuronal-processes
#3
Diana Acosta, Fon Powell, Yize Zhao, Ashish Raj
INTRODUCTION: The stereotypical progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology is not fully understood. The selective impact of AD on distinct regions has led the field to question if innate vulnerability exists. This study aims to determine if the causative factors of regional vulnerability are dependent on cell-autonomous or transneuronal (non-cell autonomous) processes. METHODS: Using mathematical and statistical models, we analyzed the contribution of cell-autonomous and non-cell autonomous factors to predictive linear models of AD pathology...
January 4, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303866/pet-and-ictal-spect-can-be-helpful-for-localizing-epileptic-foci
#4
Tim J von Oertzen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional neuroimaging with PET and SPECT is a commonly used tool in presurgical evaluation. The following article reviews the literature of PET and SPECT in presurgical assessment of epilepsies published in the last year. RECENT FINDINGS: FDG-PET adds concomitant information in temporal and extratemporal lobe epilepsy in adults and children. The pattern of hypometabolism in FDG-PET is a good additional predictor or seizure outcome in TLE with mesial temporal sclerosis or negative MRI...
January 4, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277604/tolerance-to-hypometabolism-and-arousal-induced-by-hibernation-in-the-apple-snail-pomacea-canaliculata-caenogastropoda-ampullariidae
#5
Maximiliano Giraud-Billoud, Alfredo Castro-Vazquez, Alejandra D Campoy-Diaz, Pablo M Giuffrida, Israel A Vega
Pomacea canaliculata may serve as a model organism for comparative studies of oxidative damage and antioxidant defenses in active, hibernating and arousing snails. Oxidative damage (as TBARS), free radical scavenging capacity (as ABTS+ oxidation), uric acid (UA) and glutathione (GSH) concentrations, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), and the protein expression levels of heat shock proteins (Hsp70, Hsc70, Hsp90) were studied in digestive gland, kidney and foot. Tissue TBARS of hibernating snails (45days) was higher than active snails...
December 19, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260014/regional-glucose-hypometabolic-spread-within-the-primary-motor-cortex-is-associated-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-disease-progression-a-fluoro-deoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-study
#6
Hironobu Endo, Kenji Sekiguchi, Takehiro Ueda, Hisatomo Kowa, Fumio Kanda, Tatsushi Toda
Objective: Here we investigate the process of neurodegeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The relationship between the cortical field spreading of glucose metabolic decreases in the primary motor cortex (PMC) and the progression of corresponding extremity dysfunction was evaluated using [18F] fluoro-deoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET). Methods: Patients with ALS underwent [18F] FDG-PET and the resulting datasets were individually contrasted against healthy controls using the NEUROSTAT software...
March 2017: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249679/cognitive-profile-and-18f-fluorodeoxyglucose-pet-study-in-lrrk2-related-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Anna De Rosa, Silvio Peluso, Natascia De Lucia, Paola Russo, Ida Annarumma, Marcello Esposito, Fiore Manganelli, Arturo Brunetti, Giuseppe De Michele, Sabina Pappatà
INTRODUCTION: LRRK2 gene mutations underlie the most common mendelian form of Parkinson's Disease (PD), designated PARK8, that shows clinical features similar to those in idiopathic PD (IPD). We assessed the cognitive functions and the cerebral metabolism measured with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET in PARK8 patients compared with IPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled eight PARK8 patients and eight IPD patients, comparable for onset age, stage, severity and duration of disease...
December 9, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247965/predictive-value-of-preoperative-statistical-parametric-mapping-of-regional-glucose-metabolism-in-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-with-hippocampal-sclerosis
#8
Martin Kojan, Irena Doležalová, Eva Koriťáková, Radek Mareček, Zdeněk Řehák, Markéta Hermanová, Milan Brázdil, Ivan Rektor
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to use statistical parametric mapping of interictal positron-emission tomography using [18F]Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) to compare the brain metabolisms of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE)/hippocampal sclerosis and controls. Another aim of this study was to analyze the potential differences among patients in terms of epilepsy duration, side of hippocampal sclerosis, histopathological findings, insult in their history, and postoperative outcomes...
December 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247846/strategies-of-biochemical-adaptation-for-hibernation-in-a-south-american-marsupial-dromiciops-gliroides-2-control-of-the-akt-pathway-and-protein-translation-machinery
#9
Bryan E Luu, Sanoji Wijenayake, Jing Zhang, Shannon N Tessier, Julian F Quintero-Galvis, Juan Diego Gaitán-Espitia, Roberto F Nespolo, Kenneth B Storey
When faced with harsh environmental conditions, the South American marsupial, monito del monte (Dromiciops gliroides), reduces its body temperature and uses either daily torpor or multiday hibernation to survive. This study used ELISA and multiplex assays to characterize the responses to hibernation by three regulatory components of protein translation machinery [p-eIF2α(S51), p-eIF4E(S209), p-4EBP(Thr37/46)] and eight targets involved in upstream signaling control of translation [p-IGF-1R(Tyr1135/1136), PTEN(S380), p-Akt(S473), p-GSK-3α(S21), p-GSK-3β(S9), p-TSC2(S939), p-mTOR(S2448), and p70S6K(T412)]...
December 13, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234599/selecting-the-most-relevant-brain-regions-to-discriminate-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-from-healthy-controls-using-multiple-kernel-learning-a-comparison-across-functional-and-structural-imaging-modalities-and-atlases
#10
Jane Maryam Rondina, Luiz Kobuti Ferreira, Fabio Luis de Souza Duran, Rodrigo Kubo, Carla Rachel Ono, Claudia Costa Leite, Jerusa Smid, Ricardo Nitrini, Carlos Alberto Buchpiguel, Geraldo F Busatto
Background: Machine learning techniques such as support vector machine (SVM) have been applied recently in order to accurately classify individuals with neuropsychiatric disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) based on neuroimaging data. However, the multivariate nature of the SVM approach often precludes the identification of the brain regions that contribute most to classification accuracy. Multiple kernel learning (MKL) is a sparse machine learning method that allows the identification of the most relevant sources for the classification...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232244/-occipital-tunnel-sign-on-fdg-pet-for-differentiating-dementias
#11
David M Sawyer, Phillip H Kuo
PET using FDG is a critical tool for evaluation of dementias, with characteristic patterns of hypometabolism suggesting specific diagnoses. Hypometabolism in the occipital region is recognized as an important finding associated with dementia with Lewy bodies and posterior cortical atrophy. We describe here the novel "occipital tunnel" sign, which results from relative sparing of FDG uptake in the medial occipital (primary visual) cortex compared with more severe loss in the surrounding lateral occipital (visual association) cortex...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228180/longitudinal-structural-and-molecular-neuroimaging-in-agrammatic-primary-progressive-aphasia
#12
Katerina A Tetzloff, Joseph R Duffy, Heather M Clark, Edythe A Strand, Mary M Machulda, Christopher G Schwarz, Matthew L Senjem, Robert I Reid, Anthony J Spychalla, Nirubol Tosakulwong, Val J Lowe, Clifford R Jack, Keith A Josephs, Jennifer L Whitwell
The agrammatic variant of primary progressive aphasia affects normal grammatical language production, often occurs with apraxia of speech, and is associated with left frontal abnormalities on cross-sectional neuroimaging studies. We aimed to perform a detailed assessment of longitudinal change on structural and molecular neuroimaging to provide a complete picture of neurodegeneration in these patients, and to determine how patterns of progression compare to patients with isolated apraxia of speech (primary progressive apraxia of speech)...
December 8, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203090/regional-patterns-of-gray-matter-volume-hypometabolism-and-beta-amyloid-in-groups-at-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Miranka Wirth, Alexandre Bejanin, Renaud La Joie, Eider M Arenaza-Urquijo, Julie Gonneaud, Brigitte Landeau, Audrey Perrotin, Florence Mézenge, Vincent de La Sayette, Béatrice Desgranges, Gaël Chételat
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the presence of β-amyloid (Aβ) deposition and neurodegeneration. To seek for signs of such pathologies, we compared regional biomarker degrees and patterns of Aβ deposition, glucose hypometabolism, and gray matter volume (GMV) reduction in 3 groups at risk of AD. In elderly carriers of the apolipoprotein E ε4 (APOE4, n = 17), patients with subjective cognitive decline (n = 16), and patients with mild cognitive impairment (n = 30), head-to-head intermodality comparisons were performed on cross-sectional structural magnetic resonance images as well as 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose and 18F-florbetapir positron emission tomography scans...
November 7, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177767/membrane-aging-as-the-real-culprit-of-alzheimer-s-disease-modification-of-a-hypothesis
#14
REVIEW
Qiujian Yu, Chunjiu Zhong
Our previous studies proposed that Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a metabolic disorder and hypothesized that abnormal brain glucose metabolism inducing multiple pathophysiological cascades contributes to AD pathogenesis. Aging is one of the great significant risk factors for AD. Membrane aging is first prone to affect the function and structure of the brain by impairing glucose metabolism. We presume that risk factors of AD, including genetic factors (e.g., the apolipoprotein E ε4 allele and genetic mutations) and non-genetic factors (such as fat, diabetes, and cardiac failure) accelerate biomembrane aging and lead to the onset and development of the disease...
November 24, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175574/surgical-management-and-long-term-seizure-outcome-after-surgery-for-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-associated-with-cerebral-cavernous-malformations
#15
Peng-Fan Yang, Jia-Sheng Pei, Yan-Zeng Jia, Qiao Lin, Hui Xiao, Ting-Ting Zhang, Zhong-Hui Zhong
OBJECTIVE: Operative strategies for cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM)-associated temporal lobe epilepsy and timing of surgical intervention have continued under debate. This study aimed to establish an algorithm to evaluate efficacy of surgical intervention strategies, which maximizes positive surgical outcomes and minimizes post-surgical neurological deficits. METHODS: 47 subjects having undergone operation for CCM-associated temporal lobe epilepsy were retrospectively reviewed...
November 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175222/temporal-lobe-asymmetry-in-fdg-pet-uptake-predicts-neuropsychological-and-seizure-outcomes-after-temporal-lobectomy
#16
Janina Kamm, Laura L Boles Ponto, Ken Manzel, Owen J Gaasedelen, Yasunori Nagahama, Taylor Abel, Daniel Tranel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether preoperative [18F]fludeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) asymmetry in temporal lobe metabolism predicts neuropsychological and seizure outcomes after temporal lobectomy (TL). METHODS: An archival sample of 47 adults with unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy who underwent TL of their language-dominant (29 left, 1 right) or nondominant (17 right) hemisphere were administered neuropsychological measures pre- and postoperatively...
January 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166751/is-there-a-glucose-metabolic-signature-of-spreading-tdp-43-pathology-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#17
Donatienne van Weehaeghe, Jenny Ceccarini, Stefanie M Willekens, Joke de Vocht, Philip van Damme, Koen van Laere
BACKGROUND: Recently, four neuropathological stages of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with spreading of transactive response DNA-Binding Protein-43 pathology were described. Although 18F-FDG PET has been useful in diagnosis and prognosis of ALS patients, in vivo disease staging using glucose metabolic patterns across the different ALS stages have not been attempted so far. In this study, we investigated whether the discriminant brain regions of the neuropathological stage model can be translated to metabolic patterns for in vivo staging of ALS...
November 22, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163128/insulin-resistance-and-alzheimer-s-disease-bioenergetic-linkages
#18
REVIEW
Bryan J Neth, Suzanne Craft
Metabolic dysfunction is a well-established feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD), evidenced by brain glucose hypometabolism that can be observed potentially decades prior to the development of AD symptoms. Furthermore, there is mounting support for an association between metabolic disease and the development of AD and related dementias. Individuals with insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), hyperlipidemia, obesity, or other metabolic disease may have increased risk for the development of AD and similar conditions, such as vascular dementia...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159205/decreased-occipital-lobe-metabolism-by-fdg-pet-ct-an-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-biomarker
#19
John C Probasco, Lilja Solnes, Abhinav Nalluri, Jesse Cohen, Krystyna M Jones, Elcin Zan, Mehrbod S Javadi, Arun Venkatesan
Objective: To compare brain metabolism patterns on fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET/CT in anti-NMDA receptor and other definite autoimmune encephalitis (AE) and to assess how these patterns differ between anti-NMDA receptor neurologic disability groups. Methods: Retrospective review of clinical data and initial dedicated brain FDG-PET/CT studies for neurology inpatients with definite AE, per published consensus criteria, treated at a single academic medical center over a 10-year period...
January 2018: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159053/using-simultaneous-pet-mri-to-compare-the-accuracy-of-diagnosing-frontotemporal-dementia-by-arterial-spin-labelling-mri-and-fdg-pet
#20
Udunna C Anazodo, Elizabeth Finger, Benjamin Yin Ming Kwan, William Pavlosky, James Claude Warrington, Matthias Günther, Frank S Prato, Jonathan D Thiessen, Keith S St Lawrence
Purpose: The clinical utility of FDG-PET in diagnosing frontotemporal dementia (FTD) has been well demonstrated over the past decades. On the contrary, the diagnostic value of arterial spin labelling (ASL) MRI - a relatively new technique - in clinical diagnosis of FTD has yet to be confirmed. Using simultaneous PET/MRI, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of ASL in identifying pathological abnormalities in FTD (FTD) to determine whether ASL can provide similar diagnostic value as FDG-PET...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
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