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Blood componant transfusion

Gregory R Stettler, Ernest E Moore, Geoffrey R Nunns, Jim Chandler, Erik Peltz, Christopher C Silliman, Anirban Banerjee, Angela Sauaia
BACKGROUND: Goal-directed hemostatic resuscitation based on thrombelastography has a survival benefit compared to conventional coagulation assays. While thrombelastography transfusion thresholds for patients at risk for massive transfusion (MT) have been defined, similar cutoffs do not exist for the other commonly used viscoelastic assay, rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM). The purpose of this study was to develop ROTEM blood product thresholds in patients at risk for MT. METHODS: ROTEM was assessed in trauma activation patients admitted from 2010 to 2016 (n = 222)...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Ruchika Goel, Cassandra D Josephson
Transfusions of red blood cells (RBCs), platelets, and plasma are critical therapies for infants and neonates (particularly preterm neonates) in the neonatal intensive care unit, who are the most frequently transfused subpopulation across all ages. Although traditionally a significant gap has existed between the blood utilization and the evidence base essential to adequately guide transfusion practices in infants and neonates, pediatric transfusion medicine is evolving from infancy and gradually coming of age...
2018: F1000Research
Sushil Chawla, Maj H K Bal, Brig Shakti Vardhan, Col T Jose, Ipsita Sahoo
Objectives: To ascertain and analyze the indications for transfusion of blood components in obstetric practice at our center. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted to analyze the various indications for transfusion of blood components in a tertiary care hospital. Results: 1.3% of all obstetric patients from our center had blood components transfusion during the study period. Postpartum hemorrhage, placental causes and anemia are the commonest causes for need of transfusion in obstetric practice...
June 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Kazuhiko Ikeda, Hitoshi Ohto, Yoshiki Okuyama, Minami Yamada-Fujiwara, Heiwa Kanamori, Shin-Ichiro Fujiwara, Kazuo Muroi, Takehiko Mori, Kinuyo Kasama, Tohru Iseki, Tokiko Nagamura-Inoue, Nobuharu Fujii, Takashi Ashida, Kazuaki Kameda, Junya Kanda, Asao Hirose, Tsutomu Takahashi, Kazuhiro Nagai, Keiji Minakawa, Ryuji Tanosaki
Adverse events (AEs) associated with blood transfusions, including component-specific red cell, platelet, and plasma products, have been extensively surveyed. In contrast, surveillance of AEs associated with hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) products in HSC transplantation (HSCT) has been less rigorous, even though HSC products include a diversity of immature and mature hematopoietic cells, substantial plasma, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in the case of cryopreserved HSC products. HSC infusion-related AEs have been attributed to DMSO toxicity, but AEs associated with the infusion of noncryopreserved HSC products are not uncommon...
June 1, 2018: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
Nicholas D Fletcher, Michelle C Marks, Jahangir K Asghar, Steven W Hwang, Paul D Sponseller, Peter O Newton
STUDY DESIGN: Delphi process with multiple iterative rounds using a nominal group technique. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use expert opinion to achieve consensus on various methods for minimizing blood loss in patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). BACKGROUND DATA: Perioperative blood loss management represents a critical component of safely performing PSF in children with AIS...
July 2018: Spine Deformity
Shujun Wang, Jun Yuan, Jie Yang, Na Li, Ran Liu, Jianfeng Luan, Dong Ye
Human platelets play important roles in several physiologic and pathologic processes. Any defects in platelet number and function can lead to a variety of bleeding complications; platelet transfusions are commonly used to improve platelet count and hemostatic function in these cases. However, transfusions are complicated by the short storage life of donated platelets and contamination risks. Synthetic platelet substitutes can render efficient hemostasis while allowing advantages of large-scale preparation, minimum contamination risk via effective sterilization, longer shelf-life, no need for blood type matching, and reduced risks of biologic or pathologic side effects...
June 8, 2018: Platelets
Matalliotakis M, Velegrakis A, Goulielmos Gn, Niraki E, Patelarou Ae, Matalliotakis I
A prior Cesaria section (C-section) is an important risk factor that leads to endometrial damage and abnormal implantation of the placenta. Our retrospective study aims to correlate the frequency of placenta previa to previous C-sections, to determine the effect of male gender in this condition and to evaluate further the maternal outcome. Seventy-six cases with placenta previa were selected out of 5200 live births. Diagnosis was confirmed by ultrasound and in the operating theater. In the 76 women examined, we found 50 cases with a history of a previous C-section (66...
December 2017: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
Chen Guo, Thomas Ming Swi Chang
The long-term safety and immunological effects of bovine poly-[haemoglobin-catalase-superoxide dismutase-carbonic anhydrase] in rats are studied by four-weekly 5% blood volume top-loading infusions followed by 30% blood volume exchange transfusion. There is no significant difference in growth, biochemistry and blood pressure between the control group receiving lactated ringer solution and those receiving the bovine poly-[haemoglobin-catalase-superoxide dismutase-carbonic anhydrase]. There is no significant change in mean arterial pressures (MAP) before and after each weekly top-loading infusion...
June 6, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Tomaz Crochemore, Felicio A Savioli
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic shock is a medical emergency that often complicates vascular surgery and can lead to death. Hemorrhagic shock is characterized by hypoperfusion and hemodynamic abnormalities leading to the collapse of homeostasis due to massive blood loss. Early diagnosis is critical for a favorable outcome. Thromboelastometry has been considered an effective tool for bleeding management in critically ill patients. Thromboelastometry can guide transfusion therapy quickly, reducing the need for blood products...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Kui Zeng, Wei Huang, Chao Yu, Rurong Wang
Intraoperative cell salvage (IOCS) for high-risk obstetric hemorrhage is now endorsed by a number of obstetric organizations. Most previous studies have focused on the safety of IOCS from case series and small controlled studies. Here, we describe the effect of IOCS on rates of allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) under different degrees of bleeding during cesarean section in women with placenta accreta, which has seldom been reported in the literature.We conducted a retrospective analysis on the introduction of routine application of IOCS for the management of hemorrhage during cesarean section in women with placenta accreta...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
M Borhany, N Anwar, H Tariq, N Fatima, A Arshad, I Naseer, T Shamsi
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we report acute blood transfusion reactions at our hospital, compare our analysis with the reported data and identify areas for improvement. BACKGROUND: Haemovigilance programmes have been implemented in many countries, and adverse events associated with blood transfusion are published in their annual reports. Pakistan has no current established programme. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, and all adverse reactions reported to the blood bank from January 2014 to March 2016 were included...
May 29, 2018: Transfusion Medicine
Fei Li, Xiaojie Zhang, Yunyun Wang, Ailin Yang, Zhanglin Zhang, Weiping Tang, Nan Zhong, Huidong Shi
BACKGROUND: Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is considered to be a large challenge for clinicians due to the variable overlaps of symptoms with other severe diseases and a high rate of mortality. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are crucial to avoid a fatal outcome. However, very limited reports have focused on HLH during chemotherapy (Ch-HLH) due to a low incidence and insufficient knowledge. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-year-old male was diagnosed with acute monocytic leukemia with FLT3-ITD and DNMT3A mutations and pulmonary infection...
May 29, 2018: BMC Cancer
Çiğdem Akalın Akkök, Jerard Seghatchian
The aim of pediatric transfusions should be based on the concept of avoiding unnecessary transfusions without jeopardizing the patient safety and providing correct blood components when there are well founded indications to transfuse. Despite considerable efforts from transfusion services to increase transfusion safety, transfusions are still associated with preventable and unpreventable adverse effects that may, in the worst case, have severe and fatal consequences. Transfusions to pediatric patients constitute a small proportion of all transfusions but have higher incidence of adverse events compared to adults...
May 16, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
D Marc Northern, Justin D Manley, Regan Lyon, Daniel Farber, Benjamin J Mitchell, Kristopher J Filak, Jonathan Lundy, Joe J DuBose, Todd E Rasmussen, John B Holcomb
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) for control of non-compressible torso hemorrhage is a technology that is increasingly being utilized in the combat casualty setting. Its use in the resource restricted environment holds potential to improve hemorrhage control, decrease blood product utilization, decrease morbidity, and improve combat mortality. The objective of this report is to present the single largest series of REBOA use on severely injured combat casualties...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Irena Sniecinski, Jerard Seghatchian
Clinical practice and related diagnostic, development and research [DDR] strategies in pediatric transfusion and transplantation cover a broad range of multidisciplinary studies, performed by many professionals involved in this most challenging clinical field [1]. This commentary on the current position and future perspectives in pediatric transfusion field is aimed to highlight major unresolved transfusion complications in pediatric patients, namely red blood cell and platelet alloimmunisation, and new ones such as nosocomial infection, thrombosis and multi-organ failure...
May 16, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
A Meli, H New, M McAndrew, M Wiltshire, R Cardigan
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the quality of red cell components in additive solution over 42 days of storage when re-manufactured from neonatal exchange transfusion (ExTx) or intrauterine transfusion (IUT) units on day 7 for issue to adults, neonates or infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Red cell concentrates (RCC) manufactured from WB were compared to RCC re-manufactured from ExTx or IUT on day 7, and red cell splits (RCS) manufactured from WB were compared to RCS re-manufactured from ExTx or IUT on day 7...
May 17, 2018: Vox Sanguinis
Raymond P Goodrich, Jerard Segatchian
Pediatric patients requiring transfusion constitute one of the most challenging areas of transfusion practice. Due to the limitations posed by their particular physiological conditions they routinely require specialized component support and more personalised transfusion care than what is routinely utilized in the care of adult patients. Pediatric patients, unlike many adult patients requiring transfusion support, also generally have significant lifespans post-transfusion. This combined with the possibility of long term consequences to adverse events related to transfusion such as infection or change in immunological status drives the need to continue to use improved blood components in the transfusion support of pediatric patients...
May 14, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Hamilton C Tsang, Adam Garcia, Robert Scott, David Lancaster, Dianne Geary, Anh-Thu Nguyen, Raina Shankar, Leslie Buchanan, Tho D Pham
BACKGROUND: The ordering process at Stanford Health Care involved twice-daily shipments predicated upon current stock levels from the blood center to the hospital transfusion service. Manual census determination is time consuming and error prone. We aimed to enhance inventory management by developing an informatics platform to streamline the ordering process and reallocate staff productivity. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The general inventory accounts for more than 50 product categories based on characteristics including component, blood type, irradiation status, and cytomegalovirus serology status...
May 16, 2018: Transfusion
Olga Meltem Akay
Hemostasis is a complex dynamic process involving bleeding and thrombosis as two end-points. Conventional coagulation tests which are measured in plasma examine only isolated portions of the coagulation cascade, thereby giving no information on important interactions essential to the clinical evaluation of hemostatic function. Thromboelastography (TEG), originally described in 1948 has improved over the decades and become a valuable tool of coagulation testing because of the limitations of standard coagulation tests...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Arabesque Parker, Constantine J Karvellas
Patients with cirrhosis undergoing liver transplantation have unique challenges with regard to the prevention and management of thrombosis and hemorrhage. Patients with cirrhosis have an unstable balance of the coagulation system due to defects in both prothrombotic and antithrombotic components. These changes make laboratory monitoring challenging, prophylaxis against bleeding and thrombosis controversial, and therapy for the same uncertain. When cirrhotic patients undergo liver transplantation they frequently have significant transfusion requirements...
May 7, 2018: Transplantation
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