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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545029/tusc3-induces-autophagy-in-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-through-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#1
Yun Peng, Jun Cao, Xiao-Yi Yao, Jian-Xin Wang, Mei-Zuo Zhong, Ping-Ping Gan, Jian-Huang Li
We investigated the effects of tumor suppressor candidate 3 (TUSC3) on autophagy in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. A total of 118 NSCLC patients (88 males and 30 females) who underwent surgery at our institute were enrolled in the study. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that TUSC3 protein expression was lower in NSCLC specimens than adjacent normal tissue. Correspondingly, there was greater methylation of TUSC3 in NSCLC than adjacent normal tissue. After transient transfection of A549 NSCLC cells with constructs designed to up-regulate or down-regulate TUSC3 expression, we analyzed the effects of inhibiting the Wnt pathway (XAV939) and autophagy (chloroquine, CQ) on the behavior of NSCLC cells...
May 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544400/elevated-pretreatment-neutrophil-white-blood-cell-ratio-and-monocyte-lymphocyte-ratio-predict-poor-survival-in-patients-with-curatively-resected-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-results-from-a-large-cohort
#2
Cheng Yuan, Ning Li, Xiaoyong Mao, Zui Liu, Wei Ou, Si-Yu Wang
BACKGROUND: The prognostic values of preoperative neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have been previously described. This study assessed the prognostic values of other pretreatment complete blood cell parameters in Chinese patients with curatively resected NSCLC. METHODS: A total of 1466 consecutive NSCLC patients who received curative surgery from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2009 with complete data from pretreatment blood tests were enrolled in this retrospective study...
May 22, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536156/gefitinib-delays-nsclc-recurrence-after-surgery
#3
(no author information available yet)
For patients with non-small cell lung cancer and activating EGFR mutations who have had surgery, gefitinib appears to be more effective than chemotherapy in delaying disease recurrence. In a phase III trial, patients given the EGFR inhibitor were disease-free for 10 months longer than those who received chemotherapy.
May 23, 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533476/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-is-a-prognostic-marker-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-stage-iiia-and-iiib-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-treated-with-combined-modality-therapy
#4
Katherine A Scilla, Søren M Bentzen, Vincent K Lam, Pranshu Mohindra, Elizabeth M Nichols, Melissa A Vyfhuis, Neha Bhooshan, Steven J Feigenberg, Martin J Edelman, Josephine L Feliciano
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a measure of systemic inflammation that appears prognostic in localized and advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Increased systemic inflammation portends a poorer prognosis in cancer patients. We hypothesized that low NLR at diagnosis is associated with improved overall survival (OS) in locally advanced NSCLC (LANSCLC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Records from 276 patients with stage IIIA and IIIB NSCLC treated with definitive chemoradiation with or without surgery between 2000 and 2010 with adequate data were retrospectively reviewed...
May 22, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532544/-progress-of-neoadjuvant-therapy-combined-with-surgery-in-non-small-cell%C3%A2-lung-cancer
#5
Yaqi Wang, Xing Wang, Shi Yan, Yue Yang, Nan Wu
Background and objective Lung cancer is the leading form of cancer in terms of both incidence and cancer-related deaths. For patients with resectable IIIa/N2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), guidelines in and abroad recommend multidisciplinary team treatment, including surgery and chemotherapy, radiotherapy or other comprehensive treatment. Newly published evidences prove that neoadjuvant therapy can improve outcomes of NSCLC patients significantly, with advangtages in tolerability and compliance medication...
May 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532537/-video-assisted-thoracoscope-versus-video-assisted-mini-thoracotomy-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#6
Bing Wang, Fang Lv, Liang Zhao, Minjun Du, Shugeng Gao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to assess the effect of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and video-assisted mini-thoracotomy (VAMT) in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, VIP and ISI Web of Science to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of VATS versus VAMT for NSCLC. Each database was searched from May 2006 to May 2016. Two reviewers independently assessed the quality of the included studies and extracted relevant data, using RevMan 5...
May 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529900/immunotherapy-and-radiation-therapy-for-operable-early-stage-and-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Neil K Taunk, Andreas Rimner, Melissa Culligan, Joseph S Friedberg, Julie Brahmer, Jamie Chaft
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common cause of cancer mortality. Although a significant proportion of patients can be cured with surgery, with or without adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiation, a significant proportion of patients will fail, particularly distantly. Over fifty percent of patients present with stage IV disease. There are multiple forms of immunotherapy available including T-cell transfer, cytokine therapy, and oncolytic viruses. Checkpoint inhibitors have shown tremendous activity in NSCLC and are currently under intense study given promising data on response...
April 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526616/stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy-in-treatment-of-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-unsolved-questions-and-frontiers-ahead
#8
Jingze Zhang, Li Kong, Qinghua Jiao, Minghuan Li, Jingming Yu
Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) has been recognized as a standard alternative treatment to surgery for inoperable early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Guaranteed local control rates over 90% makes oncologists wonder whether SABR is qualified enough to challenge surgery in operable patients. The role of SABR for centrally located lesions would be another question because of the increased risk of severe toxic effect. Plenty of studies suggest that optimization of dose regimen and appropriate case selection would be helpful...
May 16, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523159/nomograms-for-predicting-recurrence-and-survival-of-invasive-pathological-stage-ia-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-treated-by-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-lobectomy
#9
Haiqing Chen, Xizhao Sui, Fan Yang, Jun Liu, Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: A considerable portion of pathological stage (p-stage) IA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients suffered from death and recurrence after video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. The purpose of our study was to develop nomograms to predict which subgroup patients were more likely to suffer from recurrence or death. METHODS: Data of invasive p-stage IA NSCLC patients who underwent VATS lobectomy at Peking University People's Hospital from September 2006 to April 2014 were analyzed...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523154/survival-rate-and-prognostic-factors-of-surgically-resected-clinically-synchronous-multiple-primary-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-further-differentiation-from-intrapulmonary-metastasis
#10
Fei Xiao, Deruo Liu, Yongqing Guo, Bin Shi, Zhiyi Song, Yanchu Tian, Zhenrong Zhang, Chaoyang Liang
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis, staging, and therapeutic strategy for synchronous multiple primary non-small cell lung cancer (SMP-NSCLC) remain unclear. Distinguishing SMP-NSCLC from intrapulmonary metastasis is difficult but of great importance for selecting the surgical procedure and prognoses. METHODS: Fifty-two patients diagnosed with SMP-NSCLC according to the modified Martini-Melamed criteria in the thoracic surgery department of the China-Japan Friendship Hospital from November 2004 to December 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective study...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523132/uniportal-transcervical-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-vats-approach-for-pulmonary-lobectomy-combined-with-transcervical-extended-mediastinal-lymphadenectomy-temla
#11
Marcin Zieliński, Mariusz Rybak, Katarzyna Solarczyk-Bombik, Michal Wilkojc, Wojciech Czajkowski, Sylweriusz Kosinski, Edward Fryzlewicz, Tomasz Nabialek, Juliusz Pankowski
BACKGROUND: To present the technique of uniportal transcervical video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) approach for pulmonary lobectomy combined with transcervical extended mediastinal lymphadenectomy (TEMLA). METHODS: Transcervical extended approach utilizes a typical a 5-8 centimeters collar incision in the neck. The critical technical point enabling a wide access to the chest is an elevation of the sternal manubrium with a special retractor (modified Rochard frame, Asculap-Chifa Company)...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522257/can-ct-measures-of-tumour-heterogeneity-stratify-risk-for-nodal-metastasis-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
M Craigie, J Squires, K Miles
AIM: To undertake a preliminary assessment of the potential for computed tomography (CT) measurement of tumour heterogeneity to stratify risk of nodal metastasis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tumour heterogeneity in CT images from combined positron-emission tomography (PET)/CT examinations in 150 consecutive patients with NSCLC was assessed using CT texture analysis (CTTA). The short axis diameter of the largest mediastinal node was also measured...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516794/association-of-the-postoperative-white-blood-cells-wbc-count-in-peripheral-blood-after-radical-surgical-treatment-of-left-upper-lobe-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-with-overall-survival-single-center-results
#13
M Benej, I Capov, J Skrickova, K Hejduk, A Pestal, J Wechsler, H Coupkova, V Hytych
INTRODUCTION: The individual patient prognosis after radical surgery for Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) of left upper lobe remains still unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the predictive value of elevated white blood cell count in peripheral blood as early indicator of postoperative NSCLC prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective statistical analysis was performed studying patients subject to radical treatment of left upper lobe NSCLC in period of five years with subsequent one to three-year monitoring of morbidity and mortality of the patient population...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515929/clinical-outcome-of-posterior-fixation-surgery-in-patients-with-vertebral-metastasis-of-lung-cancer
#14
Tomoyuki Igarashi, Keigo Okamoto, Koji Teramoto, Ryosuke Kaku, Keiko Ishida, Keiko Ueda, Yo Kawaguchi, Tetsuo Hori, Masayuki Hashimoto, Shoji Kitamura, Noriaki Tezuka, Jun Hanaoka
Vertebral metastasis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) often leads to neurological paralysis, with deterioration of the patients' activities of daily living (ADL). Surgical treatments for the symptoms are unlikely to be recommended due to the poor prognosis of patients with advanced NSCLC. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical outcome of posterior spinal fixation surgery in patients with neurological paralysis resulting from vertebral metastasis of NSCLC. Between April, 2007 and March, 2012, 4 patients (3 men and 1 woman; median age, 56...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497423/validation-of-the-prognostic-value-of-new-sub-stages-within-the-ajcc-8th-edition-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
O Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: The 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been released. The current study tried to validate the prognostic significance of the new system among patients registered within the surveillance, epidemiology and end results (SEER) database. METHODS: SEER database (2010-2013) has been accessed through SEER*Stat program and AJCC 8th edition stages were reconstructed utilizing the collaborative stage descriptions...
May 11, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494405/radical-treatment-of-oligometastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-ready-for-prime-time
#16
Matteo Brighenti, Fausto Petrelli, Sandro Barni, Barbara Conti, Enrico Sarti, Margherita Ratti, Stefano Panni, Rodolfo Passalacqua, Melissa Bersanelli
Oligometastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), defined as a disease with low metastatic burden and limited organ involvement, is conceived as an intermediate condition between a truly localised disease and a widely metastatic tumour. Traditionally, local ablative therapies (LATs), such as surgery and radiotherapy, have been limited to symptoms' palliation in advanced NSCLC. Several retrospective studies suggest that using local ablative therapy for oligometastatic disease could offer good local control of the disease and improvement in terms of progression-free survival...
May 8, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490471/analysis-of-prognostic-values-of-various-pet-metrics-in-preoperative-fdg-pet-for-early-stage-bronchial-carcinoma-for-progression-free-and-overall-survival-significantly-increased-glycolysis-is-a-predictive-factor
#17
Seraina Steiger, Michael Arvanitakis, Beate Sick, Walter Weder, Sven Hillinger, Irene A Burger
Purpose: To assess various volume based PET quantification metrics including: metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) with different thresholds as well as background activity based PET metrics (Background Subtracted Lesion activity (BSL) and Volume (BSV)) as prognostic markers for progression free and overall survival (PFS, OS) in early stage I and II non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after resection. Patients and Methods: 133 patients received an adequate FDG PET/CT scan prior to surgery between January 2003 and December 2010...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487765/the-long-term-prognosis-of-induction-chemotherapy-followed-by-surgery-for-n2-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-retrospective-case-series-study
#18
Naohiro Taira, Hidenori Kawasaki, Tomonori Furugen, Takaharu Ichi, Kazuaki Kushi, Tomofumi Yohena, Tsutomu Kawabata
INTRODUCTION: The long-term prognosis of induction chemotherapy followed by surgery for N2 non-small lung cell cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data and assessed the prognosis of 31 N2-NSCLC patients who underwent induction chemotherapy followed by surgery at our institution between January 1999 and December 2013. Potential prognostic factors, such as age, gender, tumor histology, tumor marker levels, tumor size, the number of N2 lymph nodes, the time from the last induction chemotherapy to the date of surgery, induction chemotherapy, RECIST response, downstaging status, pathological stage, adjuvant chemotherapy, and EF, were analyzed...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486004/the-role-of-comorbidity-in-the-management-and-prognosis-in-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-a-population-based-study
#19
Jonas Nilsson, Anders Berglund, Stefan Bergström, Michael Bergqvist, Mats Lambe
BACKGROUND: Coexisting disease constitutes a challenge for the provision of optimal cancer care. The influence of comorbidity on lung cancer management and prognosis remains incompletely understood. We assessed the influence of comorbidity on treatment intensity and prognosis in a population-based setting in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study was based on information available in Lung Cancer Data Base Sweden (LcBaSe), a database generated by record linkage between the National Lung Cancer Register (NLCR) and several other population-based registers in Sweden...
May 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482928/feasibility-and-safety-of-robot-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-lung-lobectomy-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Shiyou Wei, Minghao Chen, Nan Chen, Lunxu Liu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) lobectomy versus video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for lobectomy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: An electronic search of six electronic databases was performed to identify relevant comparative studies. Meta-analysis was performed by pooling the results of reported incidence of overall morbidity, mortality, prolonged air leak, arrhythmia, and pneumonia between RATS and VATS lobectomy...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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