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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228787/fix-and-replace-an-emerging-paradigm-for-treating-acetabular-fractures
#1
Colin G Murphy, Andrew D Carrothers
Although technically challenging even for the experienced surgeon, simultaneous open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of acetabular fracture and total hip replacement (THR) have some potential advantages over the more traditional treatment options in specific patient subgroups; theoretically allowing immediate weight bearing and faster rehabilitation, reducing the cost of inpatient stay, and reducing the risks of early and late local complications associated with standard treatment for this type of injury...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227828/pose-measurement-of-anterior-pelvic-plane-based-on-inertial-measurement-unit-in-total-hip-replacement-surgeries
#2
Zhe Cao, Shaojie Su, Hong Chen, Hao Tang, Yixin Zhou, Zhihua Wang, Zhe Cao, Shaojie Su, Hong Chen, Hao Tang, Yixin Zhou, Zhihua Wang, Zhe Cao, Yixin Zhou, Hong Chen, Zhihua Wang, Hao Tang, Shaojie Su
In Total Hip Replacement (THR), inaccurate measurement of Anterior Pelvic Plane (APP), which is usually used as a reference plane, will lead to malposition of the acetabular prosthesis. As a result, the risk of impingement, dislocation and wear will increase and the safe range of motion will be limited. In order to acquire the accurate pose of APP, a measurement system is designed in this paper, which includes two parts: one is used to estimate the initial pose of APP and the other is used to trail dynamic motion of APP...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222709/combined-application-versus-topical-and-intravenous-application-of-tranexamic-acid-following-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#3
Pei Zhang, Yuan Liang, Pengtao Chen, Yongchao Fang, Jinshan He, Jingcheng Wang
BACKGROUND: The use of intravenous (IV) or topical tranexamic acid (TXA) in total hip arthroplasty has been proven to be effective and safe in total hip arthroplasty. However, which of these two administration routes is better has not been determined. The combined administration of TXA has been used in total knee arthroplasty with satisfactory results. We hypothesized that combined application of TXA may be the most effective way without increased rate of thrombotic events such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolisms (PE) in patients subjected to primary total hip replacement (THA)...
February 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222212/excellent-mid-term-results-of-a-new-polished-tapered-modular-cemented-stem-a-study-of-113-hip-replacements-with-minimum-5-year-follow-up
#4
Jens Vanbiervliet, Jan F A Somers
BACKGROUND: This prospective cohort study reports the medium-term clinical and radiographic results of 113 hips treated with a hybrid total hip replacement (THR) with a new cemented tapered cobalt-chrome (Co-Cr) stem with a titanium (Ti) modular neck (ProfemurXm®). METHOD: Between October 2008 and December 2010 we performed 115 consecutive hybrid THR with the ProfemurXm® in 105 patients. RESULTS: Survivorship of the implant (stem and modular neck) at a mean of 6...
February 18, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218374/the-spaire-technique-allows-sparing-of-the-piriformis-and-obturator-internus-in-a-modified-posterior-approach-to-the-hip
#5
Richard J Hanly, Sabrina Sokolowski, Andrew John Timperley
INTRODUCTION: The Sparing Piriformis and Internus, Repair Externus (SPAIRE) technique allows a muscle sparing mini-posterior approach to the hip. METHOD: We present in this article a description of an adaptation of the familiar posterior approach (PA) in which the only tendon released is obturator externus. Termed SPAIRE, this muscle sparing technique enables preservation of the piriformis tendon and conjoint insertion of obturator internus and the gemelli. The technical description allows for safe and reliable replication by any surgeon familiar with the posterior approach (PA) to the hip without reliance on additional equipment, and without compromising the ability to convert into a more extensile approach...
February 8, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218373/the-use-of-polycarbonate-urethane-as-an-acetabular-shell-bearing-surface-a-5-year-prospective-study
#6
Sabine Mai, Burkhard Mai, Werner E Siebert
AIM: To evaluate the clinical performance of a polycarbonate-urethane liner as a bearing material inside a cobalt-chrome acetabular shell. METHODS: Between December 2007 and July 2011, this material combination was used in 27 total hip replacement patients, most of whom had an indication of osteoarthritis. This report focuses on the first 5-year results of the clinical use of this material combination in the TriboFit® Hip System. RESULTS: Mean Harris Hip Score showed significant improvement from 40 to 86 after 5 years, similar to studies in the literature...
February 8, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209371/the-effect-of-patient-age-at-intervention-on-risk-of-implant-revision-after-total-replacement-of-the-hip-or-knee-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Lee E Bayliss, David Culliford, A Paul Monk, Sion Glyn-Jones, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Andrew Judge, Cyrus Cooper, Andrew J Carr, Nigel K Arden, David J Beard, Andrew J Price
BACKGROUND: Total joint replacements for end-stage osteoarthritis of the hip and knee are cost-effective and demonstrate significant clinical improvement. However, robust population based lifetime-risk data for implant revision are not available to aid patient decision making, which is a particular problem in young patient groups deciding on best-timing for surgery. METHODS: We did implant survival analysis on all patients within the Clinical Practice Research Datalink who had undergone total hip replacement or total knee replacement...
February 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193498/a-prospective-cohort-study-examining-medical-and-social-factors-associated-with-engagement-in-life-activities-following-total-hip-replacement
#8
Crystal MacKay, Fiona Webster, Viji Venkataramanan, Jessica Bytautas, Anthony V Perruccio, Rosalind Wong, Lisa Carlesso, Aileen M Davis
OBJECTIVES: Studies show limited improvement in the frequency of engaging in life activities after joint replacement. However, there is a paucity of research that has examined factors, including other life events, which influence engagement following total hip replacement (THR). This research sought to identify factors associated with engaging in life activities following THR. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted with 376 people who had a THR for osteoarthritis...
February 10, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185212/economic-evaluations-of-new-oral-anticoagulants-for-the-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-after-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
James Brockbank, Sorrel Wolowacz
BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) surgeries are being performed with increasing regularity and are associated with a high risk of developing a venous thromboembolism (VTE). New oral anticoagulants (NOACs) may be more effective at preventing VTEs but are associated with more bleeding events versus traditional anticoagulants. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to identify published economic analyses of NOACs for primary VTE prophylaxis following THR and TKR surgeries, and to summarise the modelling techniques used and the cost-effectiveness results...
February 10, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184362/uncemented-total-hip-replacement-after-two-years-of-neglected-hip-dislocation-with-fracture-of-posterior-column-and-wall-of-the-acetabulum
#10
Sundaresh Dc, Sharath K Ramanath, Amit Grover, Daksh Gadi
INTRODUCTION: Posterior hip dislocation of the hip with acetabular fracture is a challenging problem to treat. Such dislocations are associated with avascular necrosis of the femoral head if neglected. Managing such conditions with total hip replacement (THR) is very difficult because of associated altered anatomy. CASE PRESENTATION: We hereby report a two-year neglected hip dislocation with associated acetabular fracture successfully treated with uncemented THR...
November 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184276/segregation-for-reduction-of-regulated-medical-waste-in-the-operating-room-a-case-report
#11
Helen Ki Shinn, Youngyoen Hwang, Byung-Gun Kim, Chunwoo Yang, WonJu Na, Jang-Ho Song, Hyun Kyoung Lim
One-third of all hospital-regulated medical waste (RMW) comes from the operating room (OR), and it considerably consists of disposable packaging and wrapping materials for the sterilization of surgical instruments. This study sought to identify the amount and type of waste produced by ORs in order to reduce the RMW so as to achieve environmentally-friendly waste management in the OR. We performed an initial waste segregation of 4 total knee replacement arthroplasties (TKRAs) and 1 total hip replacement arthroplasty, and later of 1 extra TKRA, 1 laparoscopic anterior resection of the colon, and 1 pelviscopy (with radical vaginal hysterectomy), performed at our OR...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176355/strain-shielding-inspired-re-design-of-proximal-femoral-stems-for-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
Myriam Cilla, Sara Checa, Georg N Duda
A large number of hip prosthesis with different designs have been developed. However, the influence of hip implant design changes on the strains induced in the bone remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to better understand the mechanics of short stem total hip arthroplasty. Specifically, it investigates whether strain shielding can be avoided by changing implant shape and/or material properties. It is hypothesized that the re-design of existing implant designs can result in further reduction of strain shielding and thus keep bone loss minimal following total hip replacement...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171843/gait-kinetics-of-total-hip-replacement-patients-a-large-scale-long-term-follow-up-study
#13
Damien Bennett, Paul Ryan, Seamus O'Brien, David E Beverland
BACKGROUND: It is not known if lower limb gait kinetics of total hip replacement (THR) patients reach normal levels at long term follow-up post-operatively. METHODS: Three-dimensional gait analysis was performed on 134 THR patients with identical implants 10-years post-operatively. Lower limb moments and powers were compared between different age strata (54-64 years, 65-69 years, 70-74 years, 75-79 years and over 80 years) and a normal elderly control group. RESULTS: Hip extensor moment and hip power generation were significantly reduced in all age groups compared to normal...
January 21, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167869/bearings-in-hip-arthroplasty-joint-registries-vs-precision-medicine-review-article
#14
REVIEW
Mark J Pearson, Liam M Grover, Janet M Lord, Simon W Jones, Edward T Davis
BACKGROUND: Precision medicine has been adopted in a range of clinical settings where omics data have led to greater characterisation of disease and stratification of patients into subcategories of phenotypes and pathologies. However, in orthopaedics, precision medicine lags behind other disciplines such as cancer. Joint registries have now amassed a huge body of data pertaining to implant performance which can be broken down into performance statistics for different material types in different cohorts of patients...
February 2017: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165602/outcome-of-revision-arthroplasty-for-failed-metal-on-metal-total-hip-replacements-is-there-a-relation-with-metal-ions
#15
Hafiz J Iqbal, Waheeb A K Al-Azzani, Esther Jackson-Taylor, Elizabeth Clatworthy, Alun John
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the early outcome following revision arthroplasty for failed metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacements (THR) due to adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD). METHODS: We reviewed 106 consecutive revision arthroplasties. Case notes and radiological investigations were reviewed to assess the complications. Oxford Hip Score (OHS) and Euroqol (EQ-5D-3L) scores were used to assess the functional outcome and improvement of quality of life...
February 3, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165601/bikini-versus-traditional-incision-direct-anterior-approach-is-there-any-difference-in-soft-tissue-damage
#16
Brent A Lanting, Kirk C Hartley, Adam J Raffoul, Timothy A Burkhart, Lyndsay Sommerville, Glynn R Martin, James L Howard, Marjorie Johnson
INTRODUCTION: The direct anterior approach for total hip replacements has reported advantages of improved early function and muscle preservation. In an effort to improve healing and cosmesis, a change in the orientation of the incision has been proposed. Traditionally, the skin incision is in-line with the tensor fasciae latae muscle belly. The bikini incision is orthogonal to this orientation. The hypothesis was that muscle damage would be increased by using the bikini incision. METHODS: A traditional or bikini incision was performed on 18 cadaveric hips...
February 6, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165596/screws-are-not-needed-when-secure-interference-fit-of-uncemented-acetabular-components-is-adequate-a-5-to-15-year-follow-up-with-clinical-and-radiological-analysis
#17
Eduardo García-Rey
PURPOSE: Even with good surgical preparation, adequate primary stability of the acetabular component is not always achieved after primary total hip replacement (THR). We hypothesise that adequate bone preparation for appropriate cortical loading would allow us to avoid screw use. METHODS: A total of 791 uncemented cups were analysed to compare the need for screws to obtain primary fixation in 5 different designs. Arthritic hips with inflammatory arthritis or severe congenital hip disease were excluded...
January 31, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152269/lifetime-risk-of-primary-total-hip-replacement-surgery-for-osteoarthritis-from-2003-2013-a-multi-national-analysis-using-national-registry-data
#18
Ilana N Ackerman, Megan A Bohensky, Richard de Steiger, Caroline A Brand, Antti Eskelinen, Anne Marie Fenstad, Ove Furnes, Stephen E Graves, Jaason Haapakoski, Keijo Mäkelä, Frank Mehnert, Szilard Nemes, Søren Overgaard, Alma B Pedersen, Göran Garellick
OBJECTIVE: To compare the lifetime risk of total hip replacement surgery (THR) for osteoarthritis (OA) between countries, and over time. METHODS: Data on primary THR procedures performed for OA in 2003 and 2013 were extracted from national arthroplasty registries in Australia, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Life tables and population data were also obtained for each country. Lifetime risk of THR was calculated for 2003 and 2013 using registry, life table and population data...
February 2, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141941/outcome-of-hip-impingement-surgery
#19
Florian D Naal, Aileen Müller, Viju D Varghese, Vanessa Wellauer, Franco M Impellizzeri, Michael Leunig
BACKGROUND: Generalized joint hypermobility (JH) might negatively influence the results of surgical femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) treatment, as JH has been linked to musculoskeletal pain and injury incidence in athletes. JH may also be associated with worse outcomes of FAI surgery in thin females. PURPOSE: To (1) determine the results of FAI surgery at a minimum 2-year follow-up by means of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and failure rates, (2) assess the prevalence of JH in FAI patients and its effect on outcomes, and (3) identify other risk factors associated with treatment failure...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139089/a-bias-adjusted-evidence-synthesis-of-rct-and-observational-data-the-case-of-total-hip-replacement
#20
Petra Schnell-Inderst, Cynthia P Iglesias, Marjan Arvandi, Oriana Ciani, Raffaella Matteucci Gothe, Jaime Peters, Ashley W Blom, Rod S Taylor, Uwe Siebert
Evaluation of clinical effectiveness of medical devices differs in some aspects from the evaluation of pharmaceuticals. One of the main challenges identified is lack of robust evidence and a will to make use of experimental and observational studies (OSs) in quantitative evidence synthesis accounting for internal and external biases. Using a case study of total hip replacement to compare the risk of revision of cemented and uncemented implant fixation modalities, we pooled treatment effect estimates from OS and RCTs, and simplified existing methods for bias-adjusted evidence synthesis to enhance practical application...
February 2017: Health Economics
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