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'Ankle sprain'

JongEun Yim, Jerrold Petrofsky, Haneul Lee
Ankle and foot injuries are common among athletes and physically active individuals. The most common residual disability, ankle sprain, is characterized by instability along with postural sway. If the supporting structures around a joint become lax, posture stability and balance are also affected. Previous studies have examined muscle stiffness and elasticity and postural sway separately; however, the relationship between these factors is yet unknown. It is well known that the levels of sex hormones, especially estrogen, change in women over the phase of the menstrual cycle...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Aoife Healy, Sybil Farmer, Anand Pandyan, Nachiappan Chockalingam
BACKGROUND: Assistive products are items which allow older people and people with disabilities to be able to live a healthy, productive and dignified life. It has been estimated that approximately 1.5% of the world's population need a prosthesis or orthosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically identify and review the evidence from randomized controlled trials assessing effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of prosthetic and orthotic interventions...
2018: PloS One
Jasmin Diallo, Joe Wagener, Christine Schweizer, Tamara Horn Lang, Roxa Ruiz, Beat Hintermann
BACKGROUND: An acute ankle sprain can result in a bony avulsion of the lateral ankle ligaments. The extent of concomitant lesions and subsequent instability patterns are not clearly understood. The high incidence of old avulsion fractures found in symptomatic chronic ankle instability may indicate the need for primary fixation. METHODS: Ten patients (5 male, 5 female; mean age, 34 years; range, 15-64 years) with bony avulsion fractures of the fibula after acute ankle sprains were included...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Tserenchimed Purevsuren, Kyungsoo Kim, Myagmarbayar Batbaatar, SuKyoung Lee, Yoon Hyuk Kim
Understanding the mechanism of injury involved in lateral ankle sprain is essential to prevent injury, to establish surgical repair and reconstruction, and to plan reliable rehabilitation protocols. Most studies for lateral ankle sprain posit that ankle inversion, internal rotation, and plantarflexion are involved in the mechanism of injury. However, recent studies indicated that ankle dorsiflexion also plays an important role in the lateral ankle sprain mechanism. In this study, the contributions of ankle plantarflexion and dorsiflexion on the ankle joint were evaluated under complex combinations of internal and inversion moments...
March 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Alexander Hoorntje, Lauren M Wink, Brent F W van der Doelen, Michel P van den Bekerom, Rienk Dekker, C Niek van Dijk, Rover Krips, Masja C M Loogman, Milan L Ridderikhof, Frank F Smithuis, Sjoerd A S Stufkens, Evert A L M Verhagen, Rob A de Bie, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
This guideline aimed to advance current understandings regarding the diagnosis, prevention and therapeutic interventions for ankle sprains by updating the existing guideline and incorporate new research. A secondary objective was to provide an update related to the cost-effectiveness of diagnostic procedures, therapeutic interventions and prevention strategies. It was posited that subsequent interaction of clinicians with this guideline could help reduce health impairments and patient burden associated with this prevalent musculoskeletal injury...
March 7, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Ryan S McCann, Kyle B Kosik, Masafumi Terada, Megan Q Beard, Gretchen E Buskirk, Phillip A Gribble
Background: Women's soccer has among the highest injury rates in collegiate sports, and lateral ankle sprains (LAS) are among the most commonly occurring injuries in that athletic population. However, no established LAS prediction model exists for collegiate women's soccer players.The purpose of this study was to develop a prediction model for acute LAS injuries in collegiate women's soccer players utilizing previous ankle sprain history, height, mass, and BMI as potential predictors...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Kathryn Iammarino, James Marrie, Mitchell Selhorst, Linda P Lowes
Background: Ankle injuries account for up to 40% of all sport related injuries. These injuries can result in weeks to months of missed sport or work. The PRICE (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) treatment is standard care for most acute ankle sprains. Recently, early mobilization in adults has been shown to decrease time off from sport or work, and the likelihood of developing chronic instability. To date, no research has been performed assessing the effectiveness of early mobilization in pediatric patients (<18 years)...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Beatriz Ferrando, Mari Carmen Gomez-Cabrera, Andrea Salvador-Pascual, Carlos Puchades, Frederic Derbré, Arlette Gratas-Delamarche, Ludovic Laparre, Gloria Olaso-Gonzalez, Miguel Cerda, Enrique Viosca, Ana Alabajos, Vicente Sebastiá, Angel Alberich-Bayarri, Fabio García-Castro, Jose Viña
Disuse muscle wasting will likely affect everyone in his or her lifetime in response to pathologies such as joint immobilization, inactivity or bed rest. There are no good therapies to treat it. We previously found that allopurinol, a drug widely used to treat gout, protects muscle damage after exhaustive exercise and results in functional gains in old individuals. Thus, we decided to test its effect in the prevention of soleus muscle atrophy after two weeks of hindlimb unloading in mice, and lower leg immobilization following ankle sprain in humans (EudraCT: 2011-003541-17)...
February 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jae-Hong Kim, Myung-Rae Cho, Ju-Hyung Park, Jeong-Cheol Shin, Ji-Hyun Cho, Gwang-Cheon Park, Dongwoo Nam
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are some of the most frequent injuries of the musculoskeletal system. However, there is no substantive evidence supporting which treatment strategy is superior. Taping with Kinesiotape (KT) is a new method that is used as an alternative to the more established taping and bracing techniques used for the prophylaxis and treatment of ankle sprains. The aim of this study is to examine the efficacy of KT on ankle sprain by comparing acupuncture combined with KT (AcuKT) with acupuncture alone in patients with acute lateral ankle sprains...
February 20, 2018: Trials
Robinetta Hudson, Russell T Baker, James May, Don Reordan, Alan Nasypany
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the Mulligan Concept (MC) Mobilization with movement (MWM) in the treatment of clinically diagnosed acute lateral ankle sprains in competitive athletes. Methods: A prospective case series of 5 adolescent patients, ages ranging from 14 to 18 years (mean = 15.8 ± 1.64), that suffered an acute lateral ankle sprain (LAS). Patients were treated with the MC lateral ankle MWM. Mobilization was directed at the distal fibula or, using a modified MWM, 2-3 inches proximal to the distal fibula...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Bruno de Moraes Prianti, Giovanna Figueiredo Novello, Tamires de Souza Moreira Prianti, Davidson Ribeiro Costa, Diego Rodrigues Pessoa, Renata Amadei Nicolau
Various therapies for the treatment of sprains have emerged as advances occur in biomedical engineering and photobiology. Therapy with coherent and non-coherent light is a treatment modality for various musculoskeletal injuries. The main certified phototherapy benefits are the reduction of nociceptive processes and the modulation of the inflammatory process, among others. The objective of this study was to analyse the changes caused by the use of light-emitting diodes (LED) (λ627 ± 10 nm) with an energy density of 10 J/cm2 in 40 subjects divided into two groups (20 placebo and 20 LED)...
February 8, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Jana Řezaninová, Luboš Hrazdira, Dagmar Moc Králová, Zdeněk Svoboda, Azriel Benaroya
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the result of the specific conservative treatment of acute lateral ankle ligaments rupture and verify the effect of this therapy by stabilometry. METHODS: 17 young athletes were examined after acute lateral ankle sprain (grade III). Diagnosis was based on musculoskeletal ultrasound examinations. Pressure plate evaluated postural stability after conservative treatment at regular intervals during 1year. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in postural stability in double-leg stance between limbs...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Erik A Wikstrom, Tricia Hubbard-Turner, Sophie Guderian, Michael J Turner
CONTEXT:   Ankle sprains are the most common orthopaedic injury that occurs during sport and physical activity. Many individuals who sprain their ankles develop chronic ankle instability (CAI), a condition characterized by recurrent injury, decreased physical activity, and decreased quality of life. These residual impairments are believed to persist for the remainder of the patient's life, in part due to the link between CAI and posttraumatic ankle osteoarthritis. However, this belief remains speculative due to the lack of long-term prospective investigations...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Byung-Ki Cho, Ji-Kang Park, Seung-Myung Choi, Sang-Woo Kang, Nelson F SooHoo
BACKGROUND: Despite a consensus regarding the correlation of peroneal strength deficit with chronic ankle instability (CAI), there are conflicting reports in regards to peroneal strength as assessed by isokinetic dynamometer in patients with CAI. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes of isokinetic strength in patients with CAI compared to ankle sprain copers and normal individuals. METHODS: Forty-two patients (CAI group) with chronic ankle instability who were scheduled for the modified Broström procedure met inclusion criteria...
November 11, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Guy W Nicolette
Chronic ankle pain is relatively common in family medicine. Sequelae from lateral ankle sprains are the most common cause. Other etiologies include peroneal tendinopathy or subluxation, osteochondral injury, lateral ankle impingement, sinus tarsi syndrome, cuboid syndrome, bony stress injury, and other unusual factors. A thorough history focusing on the mechanism of injury (if traumatic) and the nature of the pain along with a targeted physical examination typically will provide the information needed to make the diagnosis...
February 2018: FP Essentials
Janet E Simon, Erik A Wikstrom, Dustin R Grooms, Carrie L Docherty, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Limited information exists on the amount and type of care provided by athletic trainers (ATs) treating athletes who sustained ankle sprains in the high school setting. OBJECTIVE:   To describe AT services provided for patients with ankle sprains injured in high school athletics. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Athletic training facility (ATF) visits and AT services collected from 147 high schools in 26 states...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Jessica J M Telleria, Lauren V Ready, Eric M Bluman, Christopher P Chiodo, Jeremy T Smith
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency affects over 1 billion people worldwide and is common in foot and ankle patients. The prevalence in those with osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) is unknown. This study identified the prevalence and risk factors for hypovitaminosis D in patients with an OLT. METHODS: Serum 25(OH)D levels were obtained from patients presenting with an OLT from May to November during 2007 to 2016. Hypovitaminosis D was defined as 25(OH)D less than 30 ng/mL (75 nmol/L)...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Daniela S Bossard, Alexandria Remus, Cailbhe Doherty, Phillip A Gribble, Eamonn Delahunt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Fereshteh Pourkazemi, Claire E Hiller, Jacqueline Raymond, Deborah Black, Elizabeth J Nightingale, Kathryn M Refshauge
OBJECTIVE: To explore and identify the predictors of ankle sprain after an index (first) lateral ankle sprain. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, Level of evidence II. SETTING: Musculoskeletal research laboratory at the University of Sydney. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of convenience (70 controls, 30 with an index sprain) was recruited. METHODS: Potential predictors of ankle sprain were measured including: demographic measures, perceived ankle instability, ankle joint ligamentous laxity, passive range of ankle motion, balance, proprioception, motor planning and control, and inversion/eversion peak power...
November 2, 2017: Physiotherapy
Akram Jahjah, Dietmar Seidenspinner, Karl Schüttler, Antonio Klasan, Thomas J Heyse, Dominik Malcherczyk, Bilal Farouk El-Zayat
BACKGROUND: Ankle tape is widely used by athletes to prevent ankle sprain. Although there is growing evidence that ankle tape improve joint position sense, but yet it is not clear even if tape improve joint position sense after muscle fatigue, because fatigue impair joint position sense and raise the risk of ankle sprain. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of ankle tape on joint position sense after local muscle fatigue. METHOD: This trial is a randomized controlled trial...
January 9, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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