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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535097/comparative-effectiveness-of-plantar-massage-techniques-on-postural-control-in-those-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#1
Erik A Wikstrom, Kyeongtak Song, Ashley Lea, Nastassia Brown
CONTEXT:   One of the major concerns after an acute lateral ankle sprain is the potential for development of chronic ankle instability (CAI). The existing research has determined that clinician-delivered plantar massage improves postural control in those with CAI. However, the effectiveness of self-administered treatments and the underlying cause of any improvements remain unclear. OBJECTIVES:   To determine (1) the effectiveness of a self-administered plantar-massage treatment in those with CAI as well and (2) whether the postural-control improvements were due to the stimulation of the plantar cutaneous receptors...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533597/immediate-effect-of-ankle-balance-taping-on-dynamic-and-static-balance-of-soccer-players-with-acute-ankle-sprain
#2
Young-Jun Shin, Myoung-Kwon Kim
[Purpose] This study aimed to evaluate the immediate effect of ankle balance taping on balance ability of soccer players with acute ankle sprain. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted with 16 subjects who were diagnosed with ankle sprain. A cross-over randomized design was used. Each subject performed three interventions in a random order. Subjects were randomly assigned to an ankle balance taping, placebo taping, and no taping. For dynamic and static balance, ability was measured using BIORescue (RM Ingenierie, Rodes, France)...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509686/accuracy-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-pediatric-ankle-sprain-injuries
#3
Sarah Jones, Keith Colaco, Jason Fischer, Jennifer Stimec, Charisse Kwan, Kathy Boutis
OBJECTIVES: In children with radiograph fracture-negative lateral ankle injuries, the main objective of this pilot study was to explore the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) performed by a pediatric emergency physician in diagnosing anterior talofibular ligament injuries, radiographically occult distal fibular fractures, and effusions compared with reference standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort pilot study...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447855/the-arterial-anatomy-of-the-deltoid-ligament-a-cadaveric-study
#4
Jacob A Haynes, Michelle Gosselin, Brian Cusworth, Jeremy McCormick, Jeffery Johnson, Sandra Klein
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in the operative treatment of deltoid ligament disruption in the setting of chronic ankle instability. Understanding the vascular anatomy of the deltoid complex is beneficial when considering operative procedures on the medial ankle and may provide insight into factors that lead to chronic deltoid insufficiency and ankle instability. METHODS: Thirty-two pairs of cadaveric specimens (64 total legs) were amputated below the knee, and the tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior, and peroneal arteries were injected with India ink and Ward's blue latex...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437129/acute-ankle-sprain-in-a-mouse-model-changes-in-knee-joint-space
#5
Tricia Hubbard-Turner, Erik A Wikstrom, Sophie Guderian, Michael J Turner
CONTEXT:   Ankle sprains remain the most common orthopaedic injury. Conducting long-term studies in humans is difficult and costly, so the long-term consequences of an ankle sprain are not entirely known. OBJECTIVE:   To measure knee-joint space after a single surgically induced ankle sprain in mice. DESIGN:   Randomized controlled trial. SETTING:   University research laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Thirty male mice (CBA/2J) were randomly placed into 1 of 3 surgical groups: the transected calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) group, the transected anterior talofibular ligament/CFL group, and a sham treatment group...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423285/the-epidemiology-of-high-ankle-sprains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports
#6
Timothy C Mauntel, Erik A Wikstrom, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries experienced by collegiate athletes. The type of ankle sprain is rarely differentiated in epidemiological studies. This differentiation is necessary, as each ankle sprain type has a unique injury mechanism and recovery period. High ankle sprains commonly result in long recovery periods. Thus, a further examination of the epidemiology of high ankle sprains is warranted. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of high ankle sprains in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399668/kinesiology-tape-mediates-soccer-simulated-and-local-peroneal-fatigue-in-soccer-players
#7
Claire Farquharson, Matt Greig
To investigate the efficacy of kinesiology taping in mediating the influence of fatigue on ankle sprain risk, 12 male soccer players completed single-leg dynamic balance trials pre- and post-exercise (soccer-specific protocol, isokinetic ankle inversion/eversion protocol) in each of three counter-balanced taping conditions (no tape, zinc oxide tape ZO, kinesiology tape KT). Balance was quantified as the overall stability index (OSI) and directional stability indices of platform deflection. Soccer-specific fatigue only increased OSI in the no tape condition (p = 0...
April 12, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399642/acute-tears-of-the-tibialis-posterior-tendon-following-ankle-sprain
#8
Lyle T Jackson, Linda J Dunaway, Gregory A Lundeen
BACKGROUND: Traumatic tears of the tibialis posterior (TP) tendon following an ankle sprain are rare. The purpose of this study was to report our case series of TP tendon tears following an ankle sprain. METHODS: Patients with persistent TP tendon pain after an ankle sprain were retrospectively identified over a 4-year period and reviewed. A comparison of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) interpretations by a radiologist and surgeon was made. Patients failing conservative management underwent operative repair of the TP tendon tear and concomitant pathology...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391516/management-of-acute-injuries-of-the-tibiofibular-syndesmosis
#9
REVIEW
Nicholas M Fort, Amiethab A Aiyer, Jonathan R Kaplan, Niall A Smyth, Anish R Kadakia
The syndesmosis is important for ankle stability and load transmission and is commonly injured in association with ankle sprains and fractures. Syndesmotic disruption is associated with between 5 and 10% of ankle sprains and 11-20% of operative ankle fractures. Failure to recognize and appropriately treat syndesmotic disruption can portend poor functional outcomes for patients; therefore, early recognition and appropriate treatment are critical. Syndesmotic injuries are difficult to diagnose, and even when identified and treated, a slightly malreduced syndesmosis can lead to joint destruction and poor functional outcomes...
May 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388531/stiffness-and-proprioceptive-contributions-of-ankle-braces-and-the-influence-of-localized-muscle-fatigue
#10
Courtney A Webster, Maury A Nussbaum, Michael L Madigan
Ankle braces are a common treatment to reduce ankle sprain recurrence among individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Bracing provides supplemental external joint stiffness and/or improved proprioceptive acuity. The goals of this study were to assess the effects of two ankle braces on joint position sense (JPS) and ankle stiffness, and determine whether bracing effects are reduced with localized muscle fatigue. Measures of JPS and ankle stiffness were obtained from participants with CAI (n=12) for three conditions (no brace, a neoprene wrap brace, and a semi-rigid brace), before and after inducing localized muscle fatigue at the ankle...
June 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386571/the-broken-ring-of-fire-a-new-radiological-sign-as-predictor-of-syndesmosis-injury
#11
James Calder, Adam Mitchell, Adam Lomax, Moez S Ballal, John Grice, Niek van Dijk, Justin Lee
BACKGROUND: Subcircumferential periosteal edema above the ankle joint is frequently present on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with syndesmosis injuries but has not been previously reported. Fluid height within the interosseous membrane also has not previously been shown to be associated with syndesmosis injury severity. PURPOSE: To investigate whether a new sign on MRI and measurement of the length of fluid within the interosseous membrane above the ankle may be used to enable identification of a syndesmosis injury and allow differentiation from lateral ligament injury...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371739/immediate-effects-of-shoes-inducing-ankle-destabilization-around-henke-s-axis-during-challenging-walking-gaits-gait-kinematics-and-peroneal-muscles-activities
#12
Lilian Fautrelle, Alexandre Kubicki, Nicolas Babault, Christos Paizis
Due to its high frequency of occurrence, as well as possible residual symptoms, proper treatment of lateral ankle sprains (LAS) is important. From a physiological point of view, increasing the quantity of electromyographic (EMG) activity in the peroneal muscles will mechanically improve the functional stability of the ankle joint. The present study investigated the immediate effects of an ankle destabilization device (ADD) specifically designed to induce imbalances along the Henke's axis during 3 challenging walking tasks...
March 23, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367693/outcomes-of-the-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-procedure-augmented-with-suture-tape-for-ankle-instability-in-patients-with-generalized-ligamentous-laxity
#13
Byung-Ki Cho, Kyoung-Jin Park, Ji-Kang Park, Nelson F SooHoo
BACKGROUND: Although recent biomechanical studies have reported mechanical superiority of augmented anterior talofibular ligament reconstruction using suture-tape, clinical evidence regarding the efficacy of suture-tape augmentation is still insufficient. This prospective study was performed to evaluate the outcomes of the modified Broström procedure augmented with suture-tape for chronic ankle instability with generalized ligamentous laxity, which has been known to be a poor prognostic factor for anatomic ligament repair...
April 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367641/vitamin-d-levels-do-not-predict-risk-of-metatarsal-fractures
#14
Benjamin R Williams, Avis J Thomas, Rachel C Collier, Troy J Boffeli, Sarah A Anderson
INTRODUCTION: In the literature, there is conflicting data regarding the relationship between vitamin D and fractures. Reports on the effects of vitamin D levels on pathologies of the foot and ankle are limited. The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in patients who have sustained low-energy metatarsal fractures compared to foot or ankle sprains without osseous involvement. METHODS: Between May 2012 and August 2014, vitamin D levels and demographic data were collected prospectively in a total of 99 patients; 71 with metatarsal fractures and 28 with sprains, both from a low-energy mechanism of injury...
March 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351741/relationship-between-ankle-frontal-plane-kinematics-during-different-functional-tasks
#15
Luke Donovan, Mark A Feger
Increased inversion following lateral ankle sprain and in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI) is thought to contribute to recurrent injury and feelings of instability, however, there are no biomechanic assessment tools readily available to evaluate for excessive inversion prior to or following lateral ankle sprains. Before establishing a clinically useful biomechanic assessment tool, it is important to understand whether there is a relationship in the extent of ankle frontal plane motion across various tasks to help determine if one task or a combination of tasks would be most appropriate when evaluating patients...
March 19, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350716/movement-strategies-among-groups-of-chronic-ankle-instability-coper-and-control
#16
S Jun Son, Hyunsoo Kim, Mattew K Seeley, J Ty Hopkins
INTRODUCTION: Comprehensive evaluation of movement strategies during functional movement is a difficult undertaking. Because of this challenge, studied movements have been over simplified. Furthermore, evaluating movement strategies at only a discrete time point(s) provide limited insight into how movement strategies may change or adapt in chronic ankle instability (CAI) patients. This study aimed to identify abnormal movement strategies in individuals with a history of ankle sprain injury during a sports maneuver compared to healthy controls...
March 27, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349038/the-effect-of-treadmill-based-and-track-based-walking-training-on-physical-fitness-in-ankle-sprain-experienced-young-people
#17
Eunsook Sung
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 12-week treadmill-based (MT) and track-based (TT) walking program on maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), muscular endurance, muscle strength, and ankle range of motion (ROM) in ankle sprain experienced young people. Twenty subjects (12 males, 8 females) volunteered to participate in this study and divided into two groups (MT and TT). All subjects completed MT and TT 4 times per week with each session of 60 min with 65% from maximum heart rate. Incremental test on treadmill and 20-m shuttle run test for endurance capacity (VO2max), 2-km walking test for muscular endurance, vertical jump for strength, and ankle ROM for flexibility were analyzed before and after the training intervention...
February 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345425/efficacy-and-safety-of-topical-diclofenac-menthol-gel-for-ankle-sprain-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-and-active-controlled-trial
#18
Pamela M Lai, Agron Collaku, Kenneth Reed
Purpose This study was performed to evaluate topical 1% diclofenac/3% menthol gel in treating ankle sprain. Design In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, adolescents and adults with acute ankle sprain (N = 385) applied 4 g of gel containing 1% diclofenac/3% menthol (n = 117), 1% diclofenac (n = 112), 3% menthol (n = 77), or placebo (n = 75) four times daily. The primary outcome was the area under the curve of pain intensity (PI) on movement [0 (no pain) to 10 (extreme pain)] from 24 to 72 hours post-application (AUC1-3 days)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330744/the-addition-of-supervised-physiotherapy-sessions-for-management-of-acute-ankle-sprain-does-not-aid-recovery-more-than-providing-standardised-written-instruction-about-early-management-commentary
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318316/bilateral-proprioceptive-evaluation-in-individuals-with-unilateral-chronic-ankle-instability
#20
Andreia S P Sousa, João Leite, Bianca Costa, Rubim Santos
CONTEXT:   Despite extensive research on chronic ankle instability, the findings regarding proprioception have been conflicting and focused only on the injured limb. Also, the different components of proprioception have been evaluated in isolation. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate bilateral ankle proprioception in individuals with unilateral ankle instability. DESIGN:   Cohort study. SETTING:   Research laboratory center in a university...
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
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