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Ultrasound guidance nerve block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319659/residual-neurological-symptoms-after-peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-pediatric-knee-surgery
#1
Robert J Tamai, Brian T Sullivan, Rushyuan J Lee
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) provide excellent pain control and reduce the need for systemic analgesics in orthopaedic surgery. PNBs rarely cause complications; however, a few studies of adults have reported neurological complications during the early postoperative period. We investigated complications associated with the use of PNBs during pediatric knee surgery. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all 121 children (aged ≤18 y) who underwent knee surgery by 1 orthopaedic surgeon between October 2014 and September 2016...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319604/the-european-society-of-regional-anaesthesia-and-pain-therapy-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-recommendations-on-local-anesthetics-and-adjuvants-dosage-in-pediatric-regional-anesthesia
#2
Santhanam Suresh, Claude Ecoffey, Adrian Bosenberg, Per-Anne Lonnqvist, Gildasio S de Oliveira, Oscar de Leon Casasola, José de Andrés, Giorgio Ivani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dosage of local anesthetics (LAs) used for regional anesthesia in children is not well determined. In order to evaluate and come to a consensus regarding some of these controversial topics, The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy (ESRA) and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) developed a Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Local Anesthetics and Adjuvants Dosage in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia. METHODS: Representatives from both ASRA and ESRA composed the joint committee practice advisory...
January 9, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285839/role-of-ultrasound-guided-epidural-anesthesia-for-lower-limb-surgery-in-children-with-previously-repaired-meningomyelocele
#3
Vrushali C Ponde, Vinit V Bedekar, Dilip Chavan, Anuya Gursale, Dipal Shah
BACKGROUND: Children that have had a meningomyelocele repair often present for hip and bilateral lower limb surgeries. Due to vertebral, epidural, and nerve root abnormalities, placement of epidural catheter is difficult. AIMS: We aim to describe the potential role of ultrasound in delineating the most appropriate intervertebral space for central neuroaxial blocks in these patients. METHOD: Twelve children with previous meningomyelocele repair, in the age group of 6-12 years posted for hip or bilateral lower limb surgeries were included...
December 28, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284859/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-versus-ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric-nerve-block-with-wound-infiltration-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-inguinal-hernia-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Chinthavali Sujatha, Mamie Zachariah, R V Ranjan, Sagiev Koshy George, T R Ramachandran, Anil Radhakrishna Pillai
Background: Various analgesic modalities have been used for postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing inguinal hernia surgery. In this randomized clinical trial, we have compared the analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with that of ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric (IIIH) nerve block with wound infiltration in patients undergoing unilateral open inguinal hernia repair. Aim: The primary objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of postoperative analgesia of ultrasound-guided TAP block and IIIH block with wound infiltration (WI) in patients undergoing open inguinal hernia surgery...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278266/regional-nerve-blockade-for-early-analgesic-management-of-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
A Scurrah, C T Shiner, J A Stevens, S G Faux
Elderly patients with hip fracture experience high morbidity and mortality, and are often undertreated for pain. Acute pain management in the elderly is challenging, with physiological frailty, medical comorbidities and cognitive impairment commonly compounding pain assessment and treatment. Guidelines outlining current best practice for acute pain management in the elderly now exist, but evidence suggests that practice remains variable and there continues to be scope for improvement. We conducted a narrative review of the literature to examine the challenges of acute pain management in the elderly, and to evaluate evidence for the role of regional nerve blocks for acute pain associated with hip fracture in the elderly...
December 26, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274452/visualization-of-needle-tip-localization-by-ultrasound-guidance-with-contrast-bubble-in-lumbar-selective-nerve-root-block-clinical-pilot-study
#6
Sorayouth Chumnanvej, Kitipat Kittayapirom, Siriluk Chumnanvej
BACKGROUND: Epidural steroid injection for low back and leg pain has been shown to result in a positive clinical outcome. Lumbosacral selective nerve root block (SNRB) via a transforaminal approach is commonly performed under fluoroscopic guidance. However, ultrasound guidance is an alternative to overcome the radiological disadvantages. This study examined the accuracy of needle-tip localization under ultrasound guidance with a contrast bubble, compared with fluoroscopic guidance. OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives were to envisage the needle-tip localization with an air bubble by ultrasound and also to determine the accuracy of needle-tip location in transforaminal lumbar SNRB for low back and leg pain patients who were not surgical candidates...
December 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205687/ultrasound-guided-pudendal-nerve-block-in-children-a-new-technique-of-ultrasound-guided-transperineal-approach
#7
Isabelle Gaudet-Ferrand, Pablo De La Arena, Sophie Bringuier, Olivier Raux, Laurent Hertz, Nicolas Kalfa, Chrystelle Sola, Christophe Dadure
BACKGROUND: Transperineal pudendal nerve block guided by nerve stimulator is used in pediatric anesthesia as an alternative to caudal analgesia in perineal surgery. The risk of rectal puncture or intravascular injection is inherent to this blinded technique. We described a new technique of transperineal pudendal nerve block, with ultrasound guidance, to improve safety of the technique. AIMS: The first goal of this study was to describe this new technique and to test its feasibility...
December 5, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174959/blind-versus-ultrasound-guided-maxillary-nerve-block-in-donkeys
#8
Usama Hagag, Mohamed G Tawfiek
OBJECTIVES: To describe the 'blind' and ultrasound-guided approaches to block the maxillary nerve in donkeys. To compare the success and complication rates between the 'blind' and ultrasound-guided techniques based on staining of nerves and other structures in cadavers and assessing level of analgesia in live animals. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective anatomical and experimental study. ANIMALS: Eighteen cadaver heads and nine adult live donkeys. METHODS: Phase 1: the anatomical characteristics of the maxillary nerve and its related structures were investigated within the pterygopalatine fossa in five cadavers...
July 15, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158692/pulsed-radiofrequency-of-brachial-plexus-under-ultrasound-guidance-for-refractory-stump-pain-a-case-report
#9
Bixin Zheng, Li Song, Hui Liu
The post-amputation (pain) syndrome, including stump pain, phantom limb sensation, and phantom limb pain is common but difficult to treat. Refractory stump pain in the syndrome is an extremely challenging and troublesome clinical condition. Patients respond poorly to drugs, nerve blocks, and other effective treatments like spinal cord stimulation and surgery. Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) technique has been shown to be effective in reducing neuropathic pain. This report describes a patient with persistent and refractory upper limb stump pain being successfully relieved with PRF of brachial plexus under ultrasound guidance after a 6-month follow-up period, suggesting that PRF may be considered as an alternative treatment for refractory stump-neuroma pain...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137028/role-of-positioning-posterior-cord-on-coracoid-approach-brachial-plexus-block-guided-by-nerve-stimulator-compared-with-guided-by-ultrasound
#10
Wensheng He, Zhuo Liu, Zhenyu Wu, Wenchao Liu, Haijun Sun, Xiaochun Yang
BACKGROUND: Coracoid approach is efficient and safe for brachial plexus block, and is guided by nerve stimulator or ultrasound in general. Many trials have proved that ultrasonic guidance was more efficacious than nerve stimulator guidance. We hypothesized that positioning posterior cord could enhance the anesthesia effect of coracoid approach brachial plexus block (CABPB) guided by nerve stimulator. METHODS: Eighty patients were randomized into 2 groups to receive CABPB with positioning posterior cord guided by nerve stimulator (group A) or CABPB guided by ultrasound (group B)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090268/pudendal-nerve-blocks-in-men-undergoing-urethroplasty-a-case-series
#11
Arun Kalava, Abby M Pribish, Lucas R Wiegand
The pudendal nerve block (PNB) is widely used for regional anesthesia during obstetric and anorectal procedures, but its role in urologic procedures has not been thoroughly studied. While transvaginal PNB is relatively straightforward, PNB in male patients often requires imaging guidance due to difficulty appreciating anatomic landmarks. We review the PNB and relevant sonoanatomy, and describe its analgesic efficacy in three male patients undergoing urethroplasty for urethral stricture. In this procedure, the patient was placed in lithotomy position, the ischial tuberosity was palpated, and the sacrotuberous ligament and pudendal artery were identified using ultrasound...
October 2017: Romanian Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027690/ultrasound-guided-posterior-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-block-a-cadaveric-study
#12
Christopher S Johnson, Rebecca L Johnson, Adam D Niesen, David E Stoike, Wojciech Pawlina
OBJECTIVES: To identify any anatomic barriers to local anesthetic spread between the sciatic nerve (SN) and the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve (PFCN) at the level of the infragluteal crease and to describe a potential technique for an ultrasound (US)-guided subgluteal PFCN block in a cadaveric model. METHODS: Bilateral US-guided subgluteal injections of a colored latex solution were performed around the SN (15 mL) and PFCN (10 mL) in 4 unembalmed cadavers, for a total of 8 cadaver thighs...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934784/sonographic-guidance-for-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-blocks-single-vs-double-injection-cluster-approach
#13
Jung Ju Choi, Hyun Jeong Kwak, Wol Seon Jung, Seung Hyun Chung, Mi Geum Lee
BACKGROUND: The cluster approach for supraclavicular brachial plexus block (SC-BPB) can be easily performed but may result in asymmetric local anesthetic (LA) spread. The authors hypothesized that the use of a cluster approach in each of the 2 planes would achieve better 3-dimensional LA distribution than the traditional single cluster approach. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to compare a double injection (DI) in 2 planes (one injection in each plane) with the traditional single injection (SI) cluster approach for ultrasound-guided SC-BPB...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918661/comparable-postoperative-pain-levels-using-2-different-nerve-blocks-in-the-operative-treatment-of-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures
#14
Siem A Dingemans, Kristian J de Ruiter, Merel F N Birnie, J Carel Goslings, Gan van Samkar, Tim Schepers
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative pain levels in patients undergoing osteosynthesis of the calcaneus with either a popliteal nerve block or an ankle block. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients undergoing operative fixation of a calcaneal fracture via a sinus tarsi approach between August 2012 and April 2017 in a single foot/ankle specialized center was performed. Single-shot popliteal blocks were placed using ultrasound guidance by an anesthesiologist while ankle blocks were placed by a foot/ankle specialized surgeon...
December 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860790/evaluation-of-pain-during-endovenous-laser-ablation-of-the-great-saphenous-vein-with-ultrasound-guided-femoral-nerve-block
#15
Abdullah M Al Wahbi
BACKGROUND: Endoluminal laser ablation is now considered the method of choice for treating greater saphenous vein insufficiency. General anesthesia and peripheral nerve blocks with sedation have the risk of post-procedural delay in discharge and prolonged immobilization with the risk of deep vein thrombosis. The main pain experienced by patients during the procedure is during the laser ablation and the multiple needle punctures given along and around the great saphenous vein. The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of blocking the femoral nerve only under ultrasound-guidance without sedation, to reduce or prevent pain during injectable tumescent anesthesia in endovenous laser ablation of the greater saphenous vein...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853117/a-randomized-comparison-between-neurostimulation-and-ultrasound-guided-lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-block
#16
Gaurav Gupta, Mohan Radhakrishna, Isaac Tamblyn, D Q Tran, Markus Besemann, Atikun Thonnagith, Maria Francisca Elgueta, Marie Eve Robitaille, Roderick J Finlayson
BACKGROUND: This prospective, randomized trial compared neurostimulation (NS) and ultrasound (US) guided lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) block. We hypothesized that US would result in a shorter total anesthesia-related time (sum of performance and onset times). METHODS: Twenty-one volunteers were enrolled. The right lower limb was randomized to an NS- or US-guided LFCN block. The alternate technique was employed for the left lower limb. With NS, paresthesias were sought in the lateral thigh at a stimulatory threshold of 0...
July 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851295/assessing-advances-in-regional-anesthesia-by-their-portrayals-in-meta-analyses-an-alternative-view-on-recent-progress
#17
Kamen V Vlassakov, Igor Kissin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to delineate research reflecting advances in regional/local anesthesia where recent clinical progress was clearly defined by meta-analysis. METHODS: We conducted a search to identify all articles with meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials related to the field of regional/local anesthesia. From 279 titles, after multiple exclusions, 16 meta-analyses on important clinical practice developments with high potential for a positive conclusion on the effectiveness of the treatment were left for the assessment...
August 29, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796131/beyond-ultrasound-guidance-for-regional-anesthesiology
#18
De Q Tran, André P Boezaart, Joseph M Neal
Despite its popularity, ultrasound (US)-guided regional anesthesiology is associated with significant limitations. The latter can be attributed to either the US machine (ie, decreased ability to insonate deep neural structures, as well as the thoracic spine) or the operator. Shortcomings associated with the operator can be explained by errors in perception (ie, ambiguous criteria for needle/catheter tip-to-nerve proximity and subparaneural local anesthetic injection) or interpretation. Perhaps the greatest confusion afflicting US-guided regional anesthesiology originates from an intellectual misconception pertaining to its application...
September 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720393/maxillary-nerve-blocks-in-horses-an-experimental-comparison-of-surface-landmark-and-ultrasound-guided-techniques
#19
Stephanie Stauffer, Beckie Cordner, Jonathon Dixon, Thomas Witte
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this preliminary proof-of-concept study was to evaluate and compare the success and complication rate of infiltration of the maxillary nerve of cadaver heads using previously described surface landmarks, standard ultrasound and a novel needle guidance positioning ultrasound system (SonixGPS). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, anatomical, method-comparison study. ANIMALS: Thirty-eight equine cadaver heads. METHODS: Twenty-six veterinary students performed the three methods consecutively on cadaver heads using an 18 gauge, 8...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714206/efficacy-of-ultrasound-and-nerve-stimulation-guidance-in-peripheral-nerve-block-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Zhi-Xue Wang, De-Li Zhang, Xin-Wei Liu, Yan Li, Xiao-Xia Zhang, Ru-Hong Li
Evidence was controversial about whether nerve stimulation (NS) can optimize ultrasound guidance (US)-guided nerve blockade for peripheral nerve block. This review aims to explore the effects of the two combined techniques. We searched EMBASE (from 1974 to March 2015), PubMed (from 1966 to Mar 2015), Medline (from 1966 to Mar 2015), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and clinicaltrials.gov. Finally, 15 randomized trials were included into analysis involving 1,019 lower limb and 696 upper limb surgery cases...
September 2017: IUBMB Life
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