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Yanfei Jiang, Zohreh AkhavanAghdam, Lev S Tsimring, Nan Hao
Information about environmental stimuli often can be encoded by the dynamics of signaling molecules or transcription factors. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, different types of stresses induce distinct nuclear translocation dynamics of the general stress-responsive transcription factor Msn2, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Using deterministic and stochastic modeling, we reproduced in silico the different dynamic responses of Msn2 to glucose limitation and osmotic stress observed in vivo and found that a positive feedback loop on protein kinase A mediated by the AMP-activated protein kinase Snf1 is coupled with a negative feedback loop to generate the characteristic pulsatile dynamics of Msn2...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ana Fátima Amorim, Dora Pinto, Laurent Kuras, Lisete Fernandes
Saccharomyces cerevisiae GimC (mammalian Prefoldin) is a hexameric (Gim1-6) cytoplasmic complex involved in the folding pathway of actin/tubulin. In contrast to a shared role in GimC complex, we show that absence of individual Gim proteins results in distinct stress responses. No concomitant alteration in F-actin integrity was observed. Transcription of stress responsive genes is altered in gim2Δ, gim3Δ and gim6Δ mutants: TRX2 gene is induced in these mutants but with a profile diverging from type cells, whereas CTT1 and HSP26 fail to be induced...
April 28, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Stefano Di Biase, Hong Seok Shim, Kyung Hwa Kim, Manlio Vinciguerra, Francesca Rappa, Min Wei, Sebastian Brandhorst, Francesco Cappello, Hamed Mirzaei, Changhan Lee, Valter D Longo
Fasting reduces glucose levels and protects mice against chemotoxicity, yet drugs that promote hyperglycemia are widely used in cancer treatment. Here, we show that dexamethasone (Dexa) and rapamycin (Rapa), commonly administered to cancer patients, elevate glucose and sensitize cardiomyocytes and mice to the cancer drug doxorubicin (DXR). Such toxicity can be reversed by reducing circulating glucose levels by fasting or insulin. Furthermore, glucose injections alone reversed the fasting-dependent protection against DXR in mice, indicating that elevated glucose mediates, at least in part, the sensitizing effects of rapamycin and dexamethasone...
March 2017: PLoS Biology
Kristofer Bodvard, Ken Peeters, Friederike Roger, Natalie Romanov, Aeid Igbaria, Niek Welkenhuysen, Gaël Palais, Wolfgang Reiter, Michel B Toledano, Mikael Käll, Mikael Molin
Yeast lacks dedicated photoreceptors; however, blue light still causes pronounced oscillations of the transcription factor Msn2 into and out of the nucleus. Here we show that this poorly understood phenomenon is initiated by a peroxisomal oxidase, which converts light into a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) signal that is sensed by the peroxiredoxin Tsa1 and transduced to thioredoxin, to counteract PKA-dependent Msn2 phosphorylation. Upon H2O2, the nuclear retention of PKA catalytic subunits, which contributes to delayed Msn2 nuclear concentration, is antagonized in a Tsa1-dependent manner...
March 24, 2017: Nature Communications
Bo-Ram Cho, Ji-Sook Hahn
CK2 is a highly conserved Ser/Thr protein kinase involved in a large number of cellular processes. Here, we demonstrate that CK2-dependent phosphorylation positively regulates Msn2/4, the general stress response transcriptional activators in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in response to various types of environmental stress conditions. CK2 overexpression elicits hyperactivation of Msn2/4, whereas deletion of one of the CK2 catalytic subunits, especially CKA2, leads to reduced transcriptional activity of Msn2/4 in response to glucose starvation, H2O2, and lactic acid...
June 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Josipa Nemet, Nikolina Vidan, Mary Sopta
BACKGROUND: Regulation of gene transcription in response to stress is central to a cell's ability to cope with environmental challenges. Taf14 is a YEATS domain protein in S.cerevisiae that physically associates with several transcriptionally relevant multisubunit complexes including the general transcription factors TFIID and TFIIF and the chromatin-modifying complexes SWI/SNF, INO80, RSC and NuA3. TAF14 deletion strains are sensitive to a variety of stresses suggesting that it plays a role in the transcriptional stress response...
February 16, 2017: BMC Genomics
Zohreh AkhavanAghdam, Joydeb Sinha, Omar P Tabbaa, Nan Hao
Many transcription factors co-express with their homologs to regulate identical target genes, however the advantages of such redundancies remain elusive. Using single-cell imaging and microfluidics, we study the yeast general stress response transcription factor Msn2 and its seemingly redundant homolog Msn4. We find that gene regulation by these two factors is analogous to logic gate systems. Target genes with fast activation kinetics can be fully induced by either factor, behaving as an 'OR' gate. In contrast, target genes with slow activation kinetics behave as an 'AND' gate, requiring distinct contributions from both factors, upon transient stimulation...
September 30, 2016: ELife
Marta Markiewicz-Potoczny, David Lydall
All organisms live in changeable, stressful environments. It has been reported that exposure to low-dose stresses or poisons can improve fitness. However, examining the effects of chronic low-dose chemical exposure is challenging. To address this issue we used temperature sensitive mutations affecting the yeast cell division cycle to induce low-dose stress for 40 generation times, or more. We examined cdc13-1 mutants, defective in telomere function, and cdc15-2 mutants, defective in mitotic kinase activity...
October 17, 2016: Cell Cycle
Martin Piskacek, Marek Havelka, Martina Rezacova, Andrea Knight
The family of the Nine amino acid Transactivation Domain, 9aaTAD family, comprises currently over 40 members. The 9aaTAD domains are universally recognized by the transcriptional machinery from yeast to man. We had identified the 9aaTAD domains in the p53, Msn2, Pdr1 and B42 activators by our prediction algorithm. In this study, their competence to activate transcription as small peptides was proven. Not surprisingly, we elicited immense 9aaTAD divergence in hundreds of identified orthologs and numerous examples of the 9aaTAD species' convergence...
2016: PloS One
R Magnus N Friis, Michael C Schultz
BACKGROUND: The maintenance of viability during periods when a glycolytic carbon source is limited (or absent) is a major obstacle for cells whose mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been damaged or lost. METHODS: We utilized genome wide transcriptional profiling and in gel mobility analyses to examine the transcriptional response and characterize defects in the phosphorylation dependent signaling events that occur during acute glucose starvation in ρ(0) cells that lack mtDNA...
November 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Iryna Bohovych, Stavroula Kastora, Sara Christianson, Danelle Topil, Heejeong Kim, Teresa Fangman, You J Zhou, Antoni Barrientos, Jaekwon Lee, Alistair J P Brown, Oleh Khalimonchuk
A network of conserved proteases known as the intramitochondrial quality control (IMQC) system is central to mitochondrial protein homeostasis and cellular health. IMQC proteases also appear to participate in establishment of signaling cues for mitochondrion-to-nucleus communication. However, little is known about this process. Here, we show that in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, inactivation of the membrane-bound IMQC protease Oma1 interferes with oxidative-stress responses through enhanced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during logarithmic growth and reduced stress signaling via the TORC1-Rim15-Msn2/Msn4 axis...
September 1, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Marion Schiavone, Cécile Formosa-Dague, Carolina Elsztein, Marie-Ange Teste, Helene Martin-Yken, Marcos A De Morais, Etienne Dague, Jean M François
UNLABELLED: A wealth of biochemical and molecular data have been reported regarding ethanol toxicity in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae However, direct physical data on the effects of ethanol stress on yeast cells are almost nonexistent. This lack of information can now be addressed by using atomic force microscopy (AFM) technology. In this report, we show that the stiffness of glucose-grown yeast cells challenged with 9% (vol/vol) ethanol for 5 h was dramatically reduced, as shown by a 5-fold drop of Young's modulus...
August 1, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Mohamed Eltohamy, Jae-Won Seo, Ji-Young Hwang, Won-Cheoul Jang, Hae-Won Kim, Ueon Sang Shin
The preparation of the ideal smart drug-delivery systems were successfully achieved by the in situ co-polymerization of a vinyl group-functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticle (f-MSN) with 1-butyl-3-vinyl imidazolium bromide (BVIm) and N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm) monomers. The thickness of the capping copolymer layer, poly(NIPAAm-co-BVIm) (p-NIBIm), was controlled at between 2.5nm and 5nm, depending on the monomers/f-MSN ratio in the reaction solution. The finally obtained smart drug-delivery systems are named as p-MSN2...
August 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Midori Umekawa, Masato Ujihara, Kazuki Makishima, Shohei Yamamoto, Hiromu Takematsu, Mamoru Wakayama
BACKGROUND: Cells have evolved the mechanisms to survive nutritional shortages in the environment. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, α-mannosidase Ams1 is known to play a role in catabolism of N-linked free oligosaccharides in the cytosol. Although, this enzyme is also known to be transported selectively from the cytosol to the vacuoles by autophagy, the physiological significance of this transport has not been clarified. METHODS: To elucidate the regulatory mechanism of the activity of Ams1, we assessed the enzymatic activity of the cell free extract of the wild-type and various gene disruptants under different nutritional conditions...
June 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Mercè Gomar-Alba, Catarina Amaral, Alejandro Artacho, Giuseppe D'Auria, Catarina Pimentel, Claudina Rodrigues-Pousada, Marcel lí del Olmo
Response to hyperosmotic stress in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae involves the participation of the general stress response mediated by Msn2/4 transcription factors and the HOG pathway. One of the transcription factors activated through this pathway is Hot1, which contributes to the control of the expression of several genes involved in glycerol synthesis and flux, or in other functions related to adaptation to adverse conditions. This work provides new data about the interaction mechanism of this transcription factor with DNA...
December 2015: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Yihan Lin, Chang Ho Sohn, Chiraj K Dalal, Long Cai, Michael B Elowitz
Studies of individual living cells have revealed that many transcription factors activate in dynamic, and often stochastic, pulses within the same cell. However, it has remained unclear whether cells might exploit the dynamic interaction of these pulses to control gene expression. Here, using quantitative single-cell time-lapse imaging of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we show that the pulsatile transcription factors Msn2 and Mig1 combinatorially regulate their target genes through modulation of their relative pulse timing...
November 5, 2015: Nature
Jenia Gutin, Amit Sadeh, Ayelet Rahat, Amir Aharoni, Nir Friedman
Cells must quickly respond and efficiently adapt to environmental changes. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has multiple pathways that respond to specific environmental insults, as well as a generic stress response program. The later is regulated by two transcription factors, Msn2 and Msn4, that integrate information from upstream pathways to produce fast, tunable, and robust response to different environmental changes. To understand this integration, we employed a systematic approach to genetically dissect the contribution of various cellular pathways to Msn2/4 regulation under a range of stress and growth conditions...
October 7, 2015: Molecular Systems Biology
Anders S Hansen, Erin K O'Shea
Although the relationship between DNA cis-regulatory sequences and gene expression has been extensively studied at steady state, how cis-regulatory sequences affect the dynamics of gene induction is not known. The dynamics of gene induction can be described by the promoter activation timescale (AcTime) and amplitude threshold (AmpThr). Combining high-throughput microfluidics with quantitative time-lapse microscopy, we control the activation dynamics of the budding yeast transcription factor, Msn2, and reveal how cis-regulatory motifs in 20 promoter variants of the Msn2-target-gene SIP18 affect AcTime and AmpThr...
August 25, 2015: Cell Reports
Dae-Gwan Yi, Won-Ki Huh
Ugp1, a UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase, is essential for various cellular activities in Saccharomyces cerevisiae because its product, UDP-glucose, is a sole glucosyl donor in several metabolic pathways. Here, we report that Msn2/4 play a crucial role in the regulation of UGP1 expression. Msn2/4 bound to three stress response elements in the UGP1 promoter in a protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent manner. Several stresses induced UGP1 transcription, suggesting that the regulation of UGP1 mediated by Msn2/4 is involved in general stress response...
August 19, 2015: FEBS Letters
Hongde Liu, Guanghui Li, Lingjie Liu, Yakun Wan
Chromatin structure is implicated in regulating gene transcription in stress response. Transcription factors, transferases and deacetylases, such as multicopy suppressor of SNF1 protein 2 (Msn2), SET domain-containing protein 1 (Set1) and sucrose NonFermenting protein 1 (Snf1), have been identified as key regulators in stress response. In the present study, we reported the dynamics of nucleosome occupancy, Histone Two A Z1 (Htz1) deposition and histone H3 lysine 4 dimethylation (H3K4me2) and histone H3 lysine 79 trimethylation (H3K79me3) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae under oleate stress...
2015: Bioscience Reports
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