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Yu-Lung Lin, Hong-Chieh Tsai, Pei-Yao Liu, Michael Benneyworth, Li-Na Wei
Heat shock response (HSR) is a highly conserved transcriptional program that protects organisms against various stressful conditions. However, the molecular mechanisms modulating HSR, especially the suppression of HSR, is poorly understood. Here, we found that RIP140, a wide-spectrum cofactor of nuclear hormone receptors, acts as a co-repressor of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) to suppress HSR in healthy neurons. When neurons are stressed such as by heat shock or sodium arsenite (As), cells engage specific proteosome-mediated degradation to reduce RIP140 level, thereby relieving the suppression and activating HSR...
December 12, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
Zhang Xiaoyan, Weili Yang, Junpei Wang, Yuhong Meng, Youfei Guan, Jichun Yang
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and diabetes are severe public health issues worldwide. The Family with sequence similarity 3 (FAM3) gene family consists of four members designated as FAM3A, FAM3B, FAM3C and FAM3D, respectively. Recently, there had been increasing evidence that FAM3A, FAM3B and FAM3C are important regulators of glucose and lipid metabolism. FAM3A expression is reduced in the livers of diabetic rodents and NAFLD patients. Hepatic FAM3A restoration activates ATP-P2 receptor-Akt and AMPK pathways to attenuate steatosis and hyperglycemia in obese diabetic mice...
December 5, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Pengsong Li, Xiaofen Fu, Lei Zhang, Zhiyu Zhang, Jihong Li, Shizhong Li
Background: High temperature inhibits cell growth and ethanol fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. As a complex phenotype, thermotolerance usually involves synergistic actions of many genes, thereby being difficult to engineer. The overexpression of either endogenous or exogenous stress-related transcription factor genes in yeasts was found to be able to improve relevant stress tolerance of the hosts. Results: To increase ethanol yield of high-temperature fermentation, we constructed a series of strains of S...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Antonio Cigliano, Maria G Pilo, Lei Li, Gavinella Latte, Marta Szydlowska, Maria M Simile, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Li Che, Giovanni M Pes, Giuseppe Palmieri, Maria C Sini, Antonio Cossu, Alberto Porcu, Gianpaolo Vidili, Maria A Seddaiu, Rosa M Pascale, Silvia Ribback, Frank Dombrowski, Xin Chen, Diego F Calvisi
Deregulated activity of the c-Myc protooncogene is a frequent molecular event underlying mouse and human hepatocarcinogenesis. Nonetheless, the mechanisms sustaining c-Myc oncogenic activity in liver cancer remain scarcely delineated. Recently, we showed that the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) cascade is induced and necessary for c-Myc dependent liver tumor development and progression. Since the heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) transcription factor is a major positive regulator of mTORC1 in the cell, we investigated the functional interaction between HSF1 and c-Myc using in vitro and in vivo approaches...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
Chengkai Dai
The heat-shock, or HSF1-mediated proteotoxic stress, response (HSR/HPSR) is characterized by induction of heat-shock proteins (HSPs). As molecular chaperones, HSPs facilitate the folding, assembly, transportation and degradation of other proteins. In mammals, heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) is the master regulator of this ancient transcriptional programme. Upon proteotoxic insults, the HSR/HPSR is essential to proteome homeostasis, or proteostasis, thereby resisting stress and antagonizing protein misfolding diseases and ageing...
January 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Guiliang Wang, Gui Xiao, Hai Liu, Guangwen Chen, Xiaoli Wang, Ping Wen, Ting Li, Jianbo Wen, Xianzhong Xiao
BACKROUND: Heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), an important transcriptional molecules in the heat shock process, can regulate the expression of a lot of inflammatory mediators in addition to heat shock proteins (HSPs). This study evaluated HSF1 inhibited the expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 in cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis. METHODS: After HSF1+/+ mice, HSF1-/- mice and AR42J cells were treated with cerulein, histopathological score, expression of SOCS3 mRNA and protein levels were analyzed by uing RT-PCR, quantitative real-time RT-PCR and western blotting respectively...
November 30, 2017: Shock
Toshiki Kijima, Takanori Eguchi, Len Neckers, Thomas L Prince
The heat shock response (HSR) is a cellular mechanism for counteracting acute proteotoxic stress. In eukaryotes, transcriptional activation of the HSR is regulated by heat shock factor 1 (HSF1). Activation of HSF1 induces the expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs) that function as molecular chaperones to fold and maintain the three-dimensional structure of misfolded proteins. The regulation of the degree and duration of the HSR is controlled by multiple biochemical mechanisms that include posttranslational modification of HSF1 and numerous protein-protein interactions...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Xiongjie Jin, Binnur Eroglu, Demetrius Moskophidis, Nahid F Mivechi
Heat shock transcription factors (Hsfs) regulate transcription of heat shock proteins as well as other genes whose promoters contain heat shock elements (HSEs). There are at least five Hsfs in mammalian cells, Hsf1, Hsf2, Hsf3, Hsf4, and Hsfy (Wu, Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol 11:441-469, 1995; Morimoto, Genes Dev 12:3788-3796, 1998; Tessari et al., Mol Hum Repord 4:253-258, 2004; Fujimoto et al., Mol Biol Cell 21:106-116, 2010; Nakai et al., Mol Cell Biol 17:469-481, 1997; Sarge et al., Genes Dev 5:1902-1911, 1991)...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Mitsuaki Fujimoto, Ryosuke Takii, Eiichi Takaki, Arpit Katiyar, Ryuichiro Nakato, Katsuhiko Shirahige, Akira Nakai
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) is involved in DNA repair, chromatin structure, and transcription. However, the mechanisms that regulate PARP1 distribution on DNA are poorly understood. Here, we show that heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) recruits PARP1 through the scaffold protein PARP13. In response to DNA damage, activated and auto-poly-ADP-ribosylated PARP1 dissociates from HSF1-PARP13, and redistributes to DNA lesions and DNA damage-inducible gene loci. Histone deacetylase 1 maintains PARP1 in the ternary complex by inactivating PARP1 through deacetylation...
November 21, 2017: Nature Communications
Amy L Wilson, Laura R Moffitt, Nadine Duffield, Adam Rainczuk, Tom W Jobling, Magdalena Plebanski, Andrew N Stephens
BACKGROUND: Tumor-directed circulating autoantibodies (AAbs) are a well-established feature of many solid tumor types, and are often observed prior to clinical disease manifestation. As such, they may provide a good indicator of early disease development. We have conducted a pilot study to identify novel AAbs as markers of early stage HGSOCs. METHODS: A rare cohort of patients with early (FIGO stage Ia-c) HGSOCs for IgG, IgA and IgM-mediated AAb reactivity using high content protein arrays (containing 9184 individual proteins)...
November 15, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
X Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the expressions of CD133, P57 and HSF1 in meningioma so as to explore their protagonists in the prognosis of meningioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The subjects in the present study included 57 cases of pathologically diagnosed patients with meningioma and 38 cases of non-meningioma patients. The immunofluorescence method was used to detect CD133, p57, and HSF1 expressions in the meningioma tissue. The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting were used for expression studies in both the normal as well as meningioma tissues...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Shu-Jiang Zhao, Sai-Nan Guo, Qing-Ling Zhu, Shuang-Shuang Yuan, Jia-Lang Zheng
Zebrafish were exposed to 0, 2.5 and 5 μg/L cadmium (Cd) for 10 weeks, and then each group was exposed to 26 °C(control) and 32 °C (high temperature) for 7 days. 22 indicators were compared between 26 °C and 32 °C in the spleen, including body weight, LPO and NO levels, activity levels of Cu/Zn-SOD, CAT and iNOS, MTs protein levels, and mRNA levels of Nrf2, Cu/Zn-SOD, CAT, HSF1, HSF2, HSP70, MTF-1, MTs, IL-6, IL-10, IL-1β, TNF-α, iNOS and NF-κB. Most indicators were not significantly affected by heat in fish from no Cd pollution...
October 24, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Chun Yan Wang, Su Tang Guo, Amanda Croft, Xu Guang Yan, Lei Jin, Xu Dong Zhang, Chen Chen Jiang
Past studies have shown that mutant KRAS colon cancer cells are susceptible to apoptosis induced by the HSP90 inhibitor AUY922. Nevertheless, intrinsic and acquired resistance remains an obstacle for the potential application of the inhibitor in the treatment of the disease. Here we report that Mcl-1 is important for survival of colon cancer cells in the presence of AUY922. Mcl-1 was upregulated in mutant KRAS colon cancer cells selected for resistance to AUY922-induced apoptosis. This was due to its increased stability mediated by Bcl-2-associated athanogene domain 3 (BAG3), which was also increased in resistant colon cancer cells by heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) as a result of chronic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress...
October 25, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Yoshiyuki Hattori, Takuto Kikuchi, Kei-Ichi Ozaki, Hiraku Onishi
Mitotic progression is regulated by the phosphorylation of heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) by polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1); however, this interaction is often deregulated in tumors. High expression levels of PLK1 and HSF1 have been observed in various types of human cancer. In the present study, it was investigated whether small interfering (si)RNA against PLK1 or HSF1 could suppress tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. In vitro transfection of PLK1 and HSF1 siRNA into PKL1- and HSF1-positive human breast tumor MDA-MB-231 and human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells inhibited cell growth via suppression of PLK1 and HSF1 mRNA expression, respectively...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
B Holmes, A Benavides-Serrato, R S Freeman, K A Landon, T Bashir, R N Nishimura, J Gera
Overexpression of Rictor has been demonstrated to result in increased mechanistic target of rapamycin C2 (mTORC2) nucleation and activity leading to tumor growth and increased invasive characteristics in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). However, the mechanisms regulating Rictor expression in these tumors is not clearly understood. In this report, we demonstrate that Rictor is regulated at the level of mRNA translation via heat-shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1)-induced HuR activity. HuR is shown to directly bind the 3' untranslated region of the Rictor transcript and enhance translational efficiency...
October 23, 2017: Oncogene
Ruey-Lin Chang, Chih-Fen Chang, Da-Tong Ju, Tsung-Jung Ho, Tung-Ti Chang, Jing-Wei Lin, Jia-Chun Le, Shiu-Min Cheng, Cecilia-Hsuan Day, V Vijaya Padma, Chih-Yang Huang
Hypertension-stimulated cardiac hypertrophy and apoptosis play critical roles in the progression of heart failure. Our previous study suggested that hypertensive angiotensin II (Ang II) enhanced insulin-like growth factor receptor II (IGF-IIR) expression and cardiomyocyte apoptosis, which are involved JNK activation, sirtuin1 (SIRT1) degradation, and heat-shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) acetylation. Moreover, previous studies have implied that short-term hypoxia (STH) might exert cardioprotective effects...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Joo-Won Nam, Yun-Sil Lee
A new diarylheptanoid containing a chalcone moiety, katsumain H (1), was isolated from the seeds of Alpinia katsumadai. The structure was elucidated using a combination of 1D/2D NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry data analysis. The absolute configurations of C-3, C-5, and C-7 in 1 were assigned based on its optical rotation and after comparing its NMR chemical shifts with those of its diastereoisomers, katsumain E and katsumain F, which were previously isolated from this plant and characterized. In this study, the stimulatory effects of compounds 1 and 2 were evaluated on heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), heat shock protein 27 (HSP27), and HSP70...
October 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Takumi Ueda, Yuri Kohama, Ayana Kuge, Eriko Kido, Hiroshi Sakurai
Growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible 45 (GADD45) family genes encode related proteins, including GADD45α, GADD45β, and GADD45γ. In HeLa cells, expression of GADD45 members is differentially regulated under a variety of environmental conditions, but thermal and genotoxic stresses induce the expression of all genes. The heat shock response of GADD45β is mediated by the heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1), and GADD45β is necessary for heat stress survival. Heat and genotoxic stress-induced activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is suppressed by the expression of GADD45 proteins...
December 1, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Haniel Cedraz, Juliana Gracielle Gonzaga Gromboni, Antonio Amandio Pinto Garcia, Ronaldo Vasconcelos Farias Filho, Teillor Machado Souza, Eduardo Ribeiro de Oliveira, Elizangela Bonfim de Oliveira, Carlos Souza do Nascimento, Camila Meneghetti, Amauri Arias Wenceslau
BACKGROUND: Chickens are animals that are sensitive to thermal stress, which may decrease their production level in terms that it affects feed intake and thus, decreasing body weight gain. The Heat Shock Factors (HSF) and Heat Shock Proteins (HSP) genes are involved in the key cellular defense mechanisms during exposure in hot environments. Aimed with this study to analyze the expression of HSF1, HSF3, HSP70 and HSP90 genes in two local breeds (Peloco and Caneluda) and a commercial broiler line (Cobb 500®) to verify differences in resistance of these chicken to Heat stress treatment...
2017: PloS One
Heeyoun Bunch
Heat-shock proteins (HSPs) belong to the chaperone protein family whose expression is induced by different stresses including heat-shock. In response to the extracellular or intrinsic stimuli and stresses, HSPs play important roles in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. HSP70, a major HSP protein (molecular weight, 70 KDa), regulates diverse cellular pathways including protein quality control, translation, immune response, and cancer survival. As a critical cellular defense system to minimize damages from cellular stresses, HSP70 expression and transcriptional activation are rapidly regulated, mainly through the action of a transcription activator, Heat shock factor 1 (HSF1)...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Cell Biology
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