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Induction of labor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343146/induction-of-labor-in-cases-of-late-preterm-isolated-oligohydramnios-is-it-justified
#1
Noa A Brzezinski-Sinai, Moshe Stavsky, Tal Rafaeli-Yehudai, Maayan Yitshak-Sade, Isaac Brzezinski-Sinai, Majdi Imterat, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVES: To analyze in a retrospective cohort study the outcomes of pregnancies with isolated oligohydramnios at the late preterm period (34-36.6 weeks of gestation). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included three groups of women: 1) Women with isolated oligohydramnios whose pregnancy was managed conservatively (n = 33 births); 2) women with isolated oligohydramnios who were managed actively (ie induction of labor) (n = 111 births); and 3) a control group including women with normal amount of amniotic fluid who had a spontaneous late preterm delivery (n = 10 445 births)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339041/factors-influencing-women-s-perceptions-of-shared-decision-making-during-labor-and-delivery-results-from-a-large-scale-cohort-study-of-first-childbirth
#2
Laura B Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil, Kristen H Kjerulff
OBJECTIVE: To examine correlates of shared decision making during labor and delivery. METHODS: Data were from a cohort of women who gave birth to their first baby in Pennsylvania, 2009-2011 (N = 3006). We used logistic regression models to examine the association between labor induction and mode of delivery in relation to women's perceptions of shared decision making, and to investigate race/ethnicity and SES as potential moderators. RESULTS: Women who were Black and who did not have a college degree or private insurance were less likely to report high shared decision making, as well as women who underwent labor induction, instrumental vaginal or cesarean delivery...
January 5, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334294/comments-on-manuscript-early-amniotomy-after-dinoprostone-insert-used-for-the-induction-of-labor
#3
Ahmed M Abbas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325263/-analysis-of-2-204-stillbirths-in-11-hospitals-of-guangdong-province
#4
L Yu, M Tang, X H Fan, H M Du, H Tang, P Chen, S L Xing, C H Su, D J Chen
Objective: To analyze the incidence and causes of stillbirth in 11 hospitals of Guangdong province, and to explore the appropriate interventions. Methods: Clinical data of stillbirth in 11 hospitals of Guangdong province were collected from January 2014 to December 2016. The gestational weeks, causes, maternal conditions and other factors were analyzed. Results: (1) From 2014 to 2016, 103 472 newborns were delivered in the 11 hospitals, and the number of stillbirth was 2 204, with the incidence of 2.13%. Among them, 0...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316054/influence-of-body-mass-index-on-induction-of-labor-a-historical-cohort-study
#5
Ulf Dammer, Roswitha Bogner, Christel Weiss, Florian Faschingbauer, Jutta Pretscher, Matthias W Beckmann, Marc Sütterlin, Sven Kehl
AIM: We aimed to determine the influence of body mass index (BMI) on induction of labor. METHODS: In this historical multicenter cohort study, 2122 labor inductions were analyzed. Women were divided into four groups according to their body mass index (BMI): BMI < 30 (normal group [NG]), 30 ≤ BMI < 35 (group 1 [G1]), 35 ≤ BMI < 40 (group 2 [G2]), and BMI ≥ 40 (group 3 [G3]). The primary outcome measure was the induction-to-delivery interval...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304769/a-comparison-of-misoprostol-vaginal-insert-and-misoprostol-vaginal-tablets-for-induction-of-labor-in-nulliparous-women-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Kjersti Engen Marsdal, Ingvil Krarup Sørbye, Lise C Gaudernack, Mirjam Lukasse
BACKGROUND: Since Misoprostol Vaginal Insert (MVI - Misodel ®) was approved for labor induction in Europe in 2013, to date, no study has been published comparing MVI to Misoprostol vaginal tablets (MVT). The aim of this study, performed as part of a quality improvement project, was to compare the efficacy and safety of 200 μg MVI versus 25 μg MVT for labor induction in nulliparous women. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 171 nulliparous singleton term deliveries induced with MVI (n = 85) versus MVT (n = 86) at Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Norway, from November 2014 to December 2015...
January 5, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304543/standardizing-second-trimester-medical-termination-effects-on-clinical-outcomes
#7
Michelle A Wyatt, Mary Catherine Tolcher
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to evaluate length of induction and postdelivery complications before and after implementation of a standardized approach to second-trimester medical termination of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN:  This was a retrospective cohort study of all women undergoing medical termination of pregnancy between 130/7 and 266/7 weeks of gestation at a single, academic institution from July 1, 2012, through June 30, 2015. The primary outcome was the time from the start of induction of labor to delivery of the fetus...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291413/impact-of-recommended-changes-in-labor-management-for-prevention-of-the-primary-cesarean-delivery
#8
Claire Thuillier, Sophie Roy, Violaine Peyronet, Thibaud Quibel, Aurélie Nlandu, Patrick Rozenberg
BACKGROUND: The dramatic rise in cesarean delivery (CD) rates worldwide in recent decades, without evidence of a concomitant decrease in cerebral palsy rates, has raised concerns about its potential negative consequences for maternal and infant health. In 2014, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine jointly published an Obstetric Care Consensus for safe prevention of the primary cesarean delivery. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess whether modification of our protocol to implement these recommendations helped to decrease our primary CD rate safely...
December 29, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291357/associations-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-outcomes-of-labor-induction-with-prostaglandin-vaginal-inserts
#9
Lili Sheibani, Kyle Raymond, Olof Rugarn, Deborah A Wing
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between hypertensive (HTNsive) disorders of pregnancy and outcomes of labor induction, in two cohorts of women induced with either misoprostol vaginal insert (MVI) or dinoprostone vaginal insert (DVI). STUDY DESIGN: This investigation was a post-hoc analysis of data from three Phase II and III, multi-center, double blind, randomized controlled trials of women induced with identical efficacy endpoints. A competing risk framework investigated the association between HTNsive disorders of pregnancy and the time-to-event endpoints of onset of active labor and vaginal delivery...
January 1, 2018: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288320/membrane-sweeping-added-to-formal-induction-method-to-increase-the-spontaneous-vaginal-delivery-a-meta-analysis
#10
Jing Liu, Guang Song, Tao Meng, Ge Zhao
BACKGROUND: Membrane sweeping (MS) could increase the likelihood of spontaneous labor within 48 h. However, the rationale for performing routinely an intervention with the potential to induce labor in women with an uneventful pregnancy at 38 weeks of gestation is, at least, questionable. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies to assess evaluated the effect of MS added to formal induction method on the spontaneous vaginal delivery, compared with formal induction alone...
December 29, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281003/transcriptome-signature-identifies-distinct-cervical-pathways-induced-in-lps-mediated-preterm-birth
#11
Alexandra R Willcockson, Tulip Nandu, Cheuk-Lun Liu, Shanmugasundaram Nallasamy, W Lee Kraus, Mala Mahendroo
With half a million babies born preterm each year in the United States and about 15 million worldwide, preterm birth remains a global health issue. Preterm birth (PTB) is a primary cause of infant morbidity and mortality and can impact lives long past infancy. The fact that there are numerous, and many currently unidentified, etiologies of PTB has hindered development of tools for risk evaluation and preventative therapies. Infection is estimated to be involved in nearly 40% of PTBs of known etiology; therefore, understanding how infection-mediated inflammation alters the cervical milieu and leads to preterm tissue biomechanical changes are questions of interest...
December 21, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278829/efficacy-of-maternal-and-biological-parameters-at-the-time-of-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-predicting-neonatal-morbidity
#12
Guillaume Ducarme, François Desroys Du Roure, Aurélie Le Thuaut, Joséphine Grange, Jérôme Dimet, Ingrid Crepin-Delcourt
OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is independently associated with an increased risk of maternal-fetal complications. Improved glycemic control allows reducing perinatal morbidity and mortality and, specifically, the risk of macrosomia and shoulder dystocia which are the most common complications associated with GDM. Nonetheless, a need for early antenatal predictor of neonatal morbidity in women suffering from GDM is required. The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of different maternal, biological, and antenatal parameters at the time of diagnosis of GDM or perinatal variables as predictors of neonatal morbidity...
December 19, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273264/early-elective-delivery-disparities-between-non-hispanic-black-and-white-women-after-statewide-policy-implementation
#13
Katy B Kozhimannil, Ifeoma Muoto, Blair G Darney, Aaron B Caughey, Jonathan M Snowden
BACKGROUND: In 2011, Oregon implemented a policy that reduced the state's rate of early (before 39 weeks' gestation) elective (without medical need) births. OBJECTIVE: This analysis measured differential policy effects by race, examining whether Oregon's policy was associated with changes in non-Hispanic Black-White disparities in early elective cesarean and labor induction. METHODS: We used Oregon birth certificate data, defining prepolicy (2008-2010) and postpolicy (2012-2014) periods, including non-Hispanic Black and White women who gave birth during these periods (n = 121,272)...
December 19, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258561/a-pilot-investigation-on-dna-methylation-modifications-associated-with-complex-posttraumatic-symptoms-in-elderly-traumatized-in-childhood
#14
Zoya Marinova, Andreas Maercker, Edna Grünblatt, Tomasz K Wojdacz, Susanne Walitza
OBJECTIVE: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) is a newly proposed diagnosis in the International Classification of Diseases-version 11, which is currently intensively investigated. Childhood trauma is regarded as main source of CPTSD symptoms, even in later life. Induction of DNA methylation changes by childhood trauma may contribute to its long-lasting adverse health consequences. The current study analyzed the correlation of genome-wide DNA methylation profiles with complex posttraumatic sequelae in buccal epithelial cells from 31 elderly former indentured child laborers (Verdingkinder) using the Infinium Illumina 450k Human DNA methylation chip...
December 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251370/barriers-and-facilitators-to-birth-without-epidural-in-a-tertiary-obstetric-referral-center-perspectives-of-health-care-professionals-and-patients
#15
Alyssa Knox, Geneviève Rouleau, Sonia Semenic, Malisa Khongkham, Luisa Ciofani
BACKGROUND: Epidural rates are high in tertiary obstetric referral centers, even though many patients in tertiary settings might not want or need epidural analgesia. Epidural rates are influenced by factors including labor support and routine medical intervention. This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to birth without epidural in a Canadian tertiary center, from the perspectives of doctors, nurses, and patients. METHODS: In this qualitative exploratory study, individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted in 2016 with 5 doctors, 5 nurses, and 4 patients who intended to birth without epidural...
December 18, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241279/does-early-artificial-rupture-of-membranes-speed-labor-in-preterm-inductions
#16
Melissa M Parrish, Spencer G Kuper, Victoria C Jauk, Sima H Baalbaki, Alan T Tita, Lorie M Harper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240650/oxytocin-use-in-labor-legal-implications
#17
Susan Drummond
Oxytocin is one of the most commonly used medications in obstetrics and has been associated with claims of negligence in cases of adverse outcomes. Errors involving intravenous oxytocin administration for induction or augmentation of labor are most commonly dose related and include failure to avoid or treat tachysystole or failure to asses or treat a fetal heart rate pattern indicative of disruption in oxygenation. Clinicians should be knowledgeable regarding pharmacokinetics of oxytocin and the effect of uterine contractions on fetal oxygenation as well as safe titration of oxytocin to achieve the desired effect while minimizing harm...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237138/characteristics-associated-with-induction-of-labor-and-delivery-route-among-primiparous-women-with-term-deliveries-in-the-listening-to-mothers-iii-study
#18
Meliha Salahuddin, Christina Davidson, David L Lakey, Divya A Patel
BACKGROUND: Induction of labor (IOL) is increasingly common in the United States, yet characteristics associated with IOL among primiparous women delivering at term are not well understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the Listening to Mothers III study, a survey of women aged 18-45 with singleton deliveries in U.S. hospitals in 2011-2012, were utilized. Weighted logistic regression models examined predictors of IOL among 924 primiparous women with term deliveries...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230337/prenatal-diagnosis-of-a-segmental-small-bowel-volvulus-with-threatened-premature-labor
#19
Barbara Monard, Nicolas Mottet, Rajeev Ramanah, Didier Riethmuller
Fetal primary small bowel volvulus is extremely rare but represents a serious life-threatening condition needing emergency neonatal surgical management to avoid severe digestive consequences. We report a case of primary small bowel volvulus with meconium peritonitis prenatally diagnosed at 27 weeks and 4 days of gestation during threatened premature labor with reduced fetal movements. Ultrasound showed a small bowel mildly dilated with thickened and hyperechogenic intestinal wall, with a typical whirlpool configuration...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229362/french-validation-and-adaptation-of-the-grobman-nomogram-for-prediction-of-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery
#20
Jean-Baptiste Haumonte, Mélina Raylet, Marie Christophe, Franck Mauviel, Armelle Bertrand, Raoul Desbriere, Claude d'Ercole
OBJECTIVE: To validate Grobman nomogram for predict vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) in a French population and adapt it. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study of maternal and obstetric factors associated with VBAC between May 2012 and May 2013 in 6 maternity. External validation and adaptation of the prenatal and intrapartum Grobman nomograms for vaginal birth prediction after cesarean delivery in a French cohort RESULTS: The study included 523 women with previous cesarean deliveries; 70% underwent a trial of labor for a subsequent delivery (n=367) with a success rate of 65% (n=240)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
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