keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vocal fold paralysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236271/changes-in-abnormal-muscle-tension-pattern-after-fiberoptic-injection-laryngoplasty
#1
Georges Ziade, Ghassan Haddad, Sarah Assaad, Maher Kasti, Abdul-Latif Hamdan
We performed a retrospective chart review to compare the presence and types of abnormal muscle tension patterns (MTPs) in patients who had been diagnosed with glottal insufficiency before and after fiberoptic injection laryngoplasty. The main cause of glottal insufficiency had been unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Our review included an analysis of the medical records and laryngeal videostroboscopic recordings of 16 patients-9 men and 7 women, aged 25 to 87 years (mean: 59). Stroboscopic frames were analyzed for the presence of one or more types of abnormal MTP...
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230133/invasive-insular-thyroid-carcinoma-presenting-as-nonparalytic-dysphonia
#2
Blake S Raggio, Blair M Barton, Maria C Grant, Judith A Fornadley, Jeffrey P Marino
Background: Patients with suspected thyroid malignancy often undergo preoperative laryngeal examination with a focus on vocal fold mobility. We present the unique case of a patient with invasive thyroid carcinoma who presented with dysphonia despite intact vocal fold motion. Case Report: A 73-year-old female with a remote thyroid lobectomy presented with dysphonia. Thyroid ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration revealed a 1.1-cm nodule consistent with a colloid cyst...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219186/improved-adductor-function-after-canine-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injury-and-repair-using-muscle-progenitor-cells
#3
Randal C Paniello, Sarah Brookes, Neel K Bhatt, Khadijeh Bijangi-Vishehsaraei, Hongji Zhang, Stacey Halum
OBJECTIVE: Muscle progenitor cells (MPCs) can be isolated from muscle samples and grown to a critical mass in culture. They have been shown to survive and integrate when implanted into rat laryngeal muscles. In this study, the ability of MPC implants to enhance adductor function of reinnervated thyroarytenoid muscles was tested in a canine model. STUDY DESIGN: Animal study. METHODS: Sternocleidomastoid muscle samples were harvested from three canines...
December 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219184/minimal-clinically-important-difference-of-voice-handicap-index-10-in-vocal-fold-paralysis
#4
VyVy N Young, Kwonho Jeong, Scott D Rothenberger, Amanda I Gillespie, Libby J Smith, Jackie L Gartner-Schmidt, Clark A Rosen
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) is commonly used to measure patients' perception of vocal handicap. Clinical consensus has previously defined clinically meaningful improvement as a decrease ≥5. This study determines the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for VHI-10 in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) using anchor-based methodology. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort questionnaire analysis. METHODS: Two hundred eighty-one UVFP patients completed the VHI-10 on two consecutive visits (within 3 months)...
December 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193393/modified-first-or-second-cervical-nerve-transplantation-technique-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-laryngeal-neuropathy-in-horses
#5
F Rossignol, O Brandenberger, J D Perkins, J-P Marie, C Mespoulhès-Rivière, N G Ducharme
BACKGROUND: In horses, the only established method for reinnervation of the larynx is the nerve-muscle pedicle implantation, whereas in human medicine, direct nerve implantation is a standard surgical technique for selective laryngeal reinnervation in patients suffering from bilateral vocal fold paralysis. OBJECTIVES: (1) To describe a modified first or second cervical nerve transplantation technique for the treatment of recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN) in horses and (2) evaluate the outcomes of reinnervation using direct nerve needle-stimulation of the first cervical nerve and exercising endoscopy before and after surgery...
November 28, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171729/long-term-outcomes-in-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-patients
#6
Conor W McLaughlin, Brian Swendseid, Mark S Courey, Sarah Schneider, Jackie L Gartner-Schmidt, Katherine C Yung
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: At presentation, unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) patients have different treatment options, including conservative management (CM), injection laryngoplasty (IL) with a temporary agent, or permanent medialization (PM). This study evaluates long-term outcomes for UVFP patients relative to intervention. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of UVFP patients who presented to the University of California San Francisco Voice and Swallowing Center...
November 24, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160142/structural-fat-grafting-to-improve-outcomes-of-vocal-folds-fat-augmentation-long-term-results
#7
Giovanna Cantarella, Riccardo F Mazzola, Michele Gaffuri, Elisabetta Iofrida, Pietro Biondetti, Laura V Forzenigo, Lorenzo Pignataro, Sara Torretta
Objective Evaluating the long-term outcomes of vocal fold structural fat grafting. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting University hospital. Subjects and Methods Seventy-nine dysphonic patients (16-82 years; 55 with unilateral laryngeal paralysis and 24 with vocal fold scarring) underwent vocal fold fat injection. Fat was harvested by low-pressure liposuction and then processed by centrifugation. Refined fat aliquots were placed in the vocal fold and paraglottic space in multiple tunnels to enhance graft neovascularization...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137052/arytenoid-cartilage-dislocation-mimicking-bilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-a-case-report
#8
Eun H Chun, Hee J Baik, Rack K Chung, Hun J Lee, Kwangseob Shin, Jae H Woo
RATIONALE: Arytenoid dislocation is very rare and may be misdiagnosed as vocal cord paralysis or a self-limiting sore throat. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 70-year-old male (70 kg, 156 cm) was scheduled for transurethral resection of bladder tumors. A McGrath videolaryngoscope, with a basic cuffed Mallinckrodt oral tracheal tube of 7.5 mm internal diameter, was used to successfully intubate his trachea. The duration of surgery was 25 minutes. In the recovery room, he complained of sore throat and dyspnea with inspiratory stridor, which were not resolved after intravenous injection of 10 mg of dexamethasone...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125697/vocal-fold-augmentation-under-local-anesthesia-using-autologous-fascia
#9
Teemu J Kinnari, Petra Pietarinen, Ahmed Geneid
Vocal fold augmentation by injection of autologous fascia has been used since the 1990s with excellent safety record in 500 operations done under general anaesthesia. It is safe from risks arising from allergic or other foreign body adverse reactions. Fascia provides long-term augmentation and remains stable 3-10 years after injection. Vocal fold augmentation under local anaesthesia is excellent alternative for those unfit for general anaesthesia, providing aid to fragile and weak persons with vocal fold paralysis...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124033/intraoperative-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-monitoring-in-a-patient-with-contralateral-vocal-fold-palsy
#10
Bub-Se Na, Jin-Ho Choi, In Kyu Park, Young Tae Kim, Chang Hyun Kang
Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury can develop following cervical or thoracic surgery; however, few reports have described intraoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve monitoring. Consensus regarding the use of this technique during thoracic surgery is lacking. We used intraoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve monitoring in a patient with contralateral vocal cord paralysis who was scheduled for completion pneumonectomy. This case serves as an example of intraoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve monitoring during thoracic surgery and supports this indication for its use...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111336/regenerative-effects-of-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-on-restoration-of-thyroarytenoid-muscle-atrophy-caused-by-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-transection
#11
Mami Kaneko, Takuya Tsuji, Yo Kishimoto, Yoichiro Sugiyama, Tatsuo Nakamura, Shigeru Hirano
OBJECTIVES: Vocal fold atrophy following unilateral vocal fold paralysis is caused by atrophy of the thyroarytenoid (TA) muscle and remains a challenge. Medialization procedures are popular treatment options; however, hoarseness often remains due to the reduction in mass or tension of the TA muscle. Therefore, in addition to medialization procedures, TA muscle reinnervation is desirable. In vivo studies have shown the potential for basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) to affect muscular and nerve regeneration...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102939/endo-extralaryngeal-laterofixation-of-the-vocal-folds-in-patients-with-bilateral-vocal-fold-immobility
#12
Susanne Wiegand, Afshin Teymoortash, Holger Hanschmann
BACKGROUND: Bilateral vocal fold paralysis can result in shortness of breath and severe dyspnea which can be life-threatening. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients with bilateral vocal fold paralysis who underwent endo-extralaryngeal laterofixation according to Lichtenberger were retrospectively analyzed regarding etiology, symptoms, treatment and complications. RESULTS: In 27 patients, laterofixation of the vocal cord alone was performed...
November 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090002/adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-accelerate-nerve-regeneration-and-functional-recovery-in-a-rat-model-of-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injury
#13
Yun Li, Wen Xu, Li-Yu Cheng
Medialization thyroplasty or injection laryngoplasty for unilateral vocal fold paralysis cannot restore mobility of the vocal fold. Recent studies have shown that transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells is effective in the repair of nerve injuries. This study investigated whether adipose-derived stem cell transplantation could repair recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. Rat models of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury were established by crushing with micro forceps. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs; 8 × 10(5)) or differentiated Schwann-like adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (dADSCs; 8 × 10(5)) or extracellular matrix were injected at the site of injury...
September 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079122/unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-in-parkinson-disease-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Abdul-Latif Hamdan, Elie Khalifee, Georges Tabet
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report the first case of unilateral vocal fold paralysis in a patient with Parkinson disease (PD) and to review the literature. METHODS: This is a case report and literature review following PubMed search using the keywords "Parkinson," "vocal fold paralysis," "vocal fold palsy," "vocal fold immobility," "vocal fold adductor palsy," "airway obstruction," and "stridor." RESULTS: A total of 18 subjects diagnosed with PD and vocal fold paralysis were described...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068595/computational-fluid-dynamics-in-the-assessment-of-patients-postoperative-status-after-glottis-widening-surgery
#15
Magdalena Marków, Daniel Janecki, Bogusława Orecka, Maciej Misiołek, Krzysztof Warmuziński
BACKGROUND: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD), a rapidly developing instrument with a number of practical applications, allows calculation and visualization of the changing parameters of airflow in the upper respiratory tract. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the advantages of CFD as an instrument for noninvasive tests of the larynx in patients who had undergone surgical treatment due to bilateral vocal fold paralysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Surface measurements of the glottic space were made during maximum adduction of the vocal folds...
September 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066184/unusual-cause-of-hoarseness-arytenoid-cartilage-dislocation-without-a-traumatic-event
#16
Yuji Okazaki, Toshihisa Ichiba, Yusuke Higashi
Arytenoid cartilage dislocation is a rare but curable cause of hoarseness and is commonly related to intubation or laryngeal trauma. We present a case of arytenoid cartilage dislocation without a traumatic event in a man who complained of acute hoarseness. An 82-year-old man visited our emergency department complaining of acute hoarseness. He had no history of general anesthesia or laryngeal trauma and had not caught a cold. He showed no abnormal physical findings including the pharynx. Examination using a laryngoscope revealed that the left vocal fold was fixed in the paramedian position...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062449/injection-laryngoplasty-as-miniinvasive-office-based-surgery-in-patients-with-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-voice-quality-outcomes
#17
Ewelina M Sielska-Badurek, Maria Sobol, Katarzyna Jędra, Anna Rzepakowska, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Kazimierz Niemczyk
INTRODUCTION: Injection laryngoplasty (glottis augmentation) is the preferred method in surgical management of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). Traditionally, these procedures are performed in the operating room. Nowadays, however, these procedures have moved into the office. AIM: To evaluate the voice quality after transoral injection laryngoplasty under local anaesthesia in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen subjects (5 women and 9 men) with unilateral vocal fold paresis (9 with right vocal fold paresis and 5 with left vocal fold paresis) were included in the study...
September 2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056313/vocal-changes-following-thyroid-surgery-prospective-study-of-objective-and-subjective-parameters
#18
Beatriz Delgado-Vargas, Azucena Lloris Romero-Salazar, Ignacio Cobeta
OBJECTIVE: Vocal changes are frequent following a surgical procedure to the thyroid gland. Even though they are a recognized morbidity, their bases are yet to be defined as well as their effect on vocal parameters. This study investigates the objective and subjective changes that occur after the surgery. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a prospective analysis of consecutive cases. SETTING: This study was conducted in a single-center tertiary care facility...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054457/bilateral-vocal-cord-immobility-resulting-from-cytomegalovirus-pharyngitis-a-case-report
#19
Rumi Ueha, Takaharu Nito, Takao Goto, Taku Sato, Tetsuo Ushiku, Tatsuya Yamasoba
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an infectious herpes virus present in approximately 50% of the world's population. Pharyngitis is an uncommon manifestation of CMV infection, and vocal cord immobility (VCI) following CMV pharyngitis is quite rare. An 83-year-old man with well-controlled diabetes mellitus and hypertension was admitted due to dyspnea, odynophagia, and dysphagia. Laryngeal fiberscopy revealed bilateral vocal cords almost fixed at the median position, with mucosal redness, swelling, and edema at the hypopharyngeal area...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047252/calcium-hydroxylapatite-pulmonary-embolism-after-percutaneous-injection-laryngoplasty
#20
Seong Jun Won, Seung Hoon Woo
Injection medialization laryngoplasty is a procedure that has many advantages in treating vocal fold paralysis; however, undesired complications can occur. We experienced a case of a pulmonary embolism, suspected in a patient who had undergone an injection laryngoplasty with calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA). The patient suffered dyspnea after undergoing the injection laryngoplasty. Chest embolism computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a new lesion of enhancing materials at the pulmonary vasculature in the right upper lobe...
November 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
22616
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"