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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053306/gw170814-a-three-detector-observation-of-gravitational-waves-from-a-binary-black-hole-coalescence
#1
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Afrough, B Agarwal, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, G Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Amato, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, S V Angelova, S Antier, S Appert, K Arai, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, D V Atallah, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, K AultONeal, C Austin, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, S Bae, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, S Banagiri, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, K Barkett, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, S D Barthelmy, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, M Bawaj, J C Bayley, M Bazzan, B Bécsy, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, J J Bero, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, S Biscoveanu, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, N Bode, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, E Bonilla, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, K Bossie, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, M Canepa, P Canizares, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, M F Carney, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, P Cerdá-Durán, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chase, E Chassande-Mottin, D Chatterjee, K Chatziioannou, B D Cheeseboro, H Y Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, H Chia, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, A J K Chua, S Chua, A K W Chung, S Chung, G Ciani, R Ciolfi, C E Cirelli, A Cirone, F Clara, J A Clark, P Clearwater, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, D Cohen, A Colla, C G Collette, L R Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, S J Cooper, P Corban, T R Corbitt, I Cordero-Carrión, K R Corley, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, P B Covas, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, T J Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, G Dálya, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, C F Da Silva Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, D Davis, E J Daw, B Day, S De, D DeBra, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, N Demos, T Denker, T Dent, R De Pietri, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, C De Rossi, R DeSalvo, O de Varona, J Devenson, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, F Di Renzo, Z Doctor, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, M Dovale Álvarez, T P Downes, M Drago, C Dreissigacker, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, P Dupej, S E Dwyer, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, R A Eisenstein, R C Essick, D Estevez, Z B Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, E J Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, C Fee, H Fehrmann, J Feicht, M M Fejer, A Fernandez-Galiana, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, D Finstad, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, M Fishbach, R P Fisher, M Fitz-Axen, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, J A Font, P W F Forsyth, S S Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, M R Ganija, S G Gaonkar, C Garcia-Quiros, F Garufi, B Gateley, S Gaudio, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, D George, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, L Glover, E Goetz, R Goetz, S Gomes, B Goncharov, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, E M Gretarsson, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, P Gruning, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, O Halim, B R Hall, E D Hall, E Z Hamilton, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, O A Hannuksela, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, C-J Haster, K Haughian, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, T Hinderer, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, C Horst, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, R Inta, G Intini, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, N K Johnson-McDaniel, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, B Kamai, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S J Kapadia, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, M Katolik, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, K Kawabe, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, A J Kemball, R Kennedy, C Kent, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, Chunglee Kim, J C Kim, K Kim, W Kim, W S Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, E J King, P J King, M Kinley-Hanlon, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, T D Knowles, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, B Krishnan, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, R Kumar, S Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, S Kwang, B D Lackey, K H Lai, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, H W Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, M Leonardi, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, S D Linker, T B Littenberg, J Liu, R K L Lo, N A Lockerbie, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, C O Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lück, D Lumaca, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, R Macas, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, I Magaña Hernandez, F Magaña-Sandoval, L Magaña Zertuche, R M Magee, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, C Markakis, A S Markosyan, A Markowitz, E Maros, A Marquina, P Marsh, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, R M Martin, D V Martynov, K Mason, E Massera, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, A Matas, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, L McCuller, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, L McNeill, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, M Mehmet, J Meidam, E Mejuto-Villa, A Melatos, G Mendell, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, M C Milovich-Goff, O Minazzoli, Y Minenkov, J Ming, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, D Moffa, A Moggi, K Mogushi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S Morisaki, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, A W Muir, A Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, E A Muñiz, M Muratore, P G Murray, K Napier, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, R K Nayak, J Neilson, G Nelemans, T J N Nelson, M Nery, A Neunzert, L Nevin, J M Newport, G Newton, K K Y Ng, T T Nguyen, D Nichols, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, C North, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, G D O'Dea, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M A Okada, M Oliver, P Oppermann, R J Oram, B O'Reilly, R Ormiston, L F Ortega, R O'Shaughnessy, S Ossokine, D J Ottaway, H Overmier, B J Owen, A E Pace, J Page, M A Page, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, Howard Pan, Huang-Wei Pan, B Pang, P T H Pang, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, A Parida, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, M Patil, B Patricelli, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, C J Perez, A Perreca, L M Perri, H P Pfeiffer, M Phelps, O J Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pirello, M Pitkin, M Poe, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, E K Porter, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, J W W Pratt, G Pratten, V Predoi, T Prestegard, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, R Prix, G A Prodi, L G Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, B Rajbhandari, M Rakhmanov, K E Ramirez, A Ramos-Buades, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, W Ren, S D Reyes, F Ricci, P M Ricker, S Rieger, K Riles, M Rizzo, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, J D Romano, R Romano, C L Romel, J H Romie, D Rosińska, M P Ross, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, G Rutins, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, L M Sampson, E J Sanchez, L E Sanchez, N Sanchis-Gual, V Sandberg, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, M Scheel, J Scheuer, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B W Schulte, B F Schutz, S G Schwalbe, J Scott, S M Scott, E Seidel, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, D A Shaddock, T J Shaffer, A A Shah, M S Shahriar, M B Shaner, L Shao, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, A D Silva, L P Singer, A Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, B Smith, J R Smith, R J E Smith, S Somala, E J Son, J A Sonnenberg, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A P Spencer, A K Srivastava, K Staats, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, S P Stevenson, R Stone, D J Stops, K A Strain, G Stratta, S E Strigin, A Strunk, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, J Suresh, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, S C Tait, C Talbot, D Talukder, D B Tanner, M Tápai, A Taracchini, J D Tasson, J A Taylor, R Taylor, S V Tewari, T Theeg, F Thies, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, E Thrane, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, K Toland, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, A Torres-Forné, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, J Trinastic, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, K W Tsang, M Tse, R Tso, L Tsukada, D Tsuna, D Tuyenbayev, K Ueno, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, M Vallisneri, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasúth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, A D Viets, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, R Walet, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, J Z Wang, W H Wang, Y F Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, E K Wessel, P Weßels, J Westerweck, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, S E Whitcomb, B F Whiting, C Whittle, D Wilken, D Williams, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Wofford, K W K Wong, J Worden, J L Wright, D S Wu, D M Wysocki, S Xiao, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, L Yang, M J Yap, M Yazback, Hang Yu, Haocun Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, M Zanolin, T Zelenova, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, L Zhang, M Zhang, T Zhang, Y-H Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, S J Zhu, X J Zhu, A B Zimmerman, M E Zucker, J Zweizig
On August 14, 2017 at 10∶30:43 UTC, the Advanced Virgo detector and the two Advanced LIGO detectors coherently observed a transient gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar mass black holes, with a false-alarm rate of ≲1 in 27 000 years. The signal was observed with a three-detector network matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 18. The inferred masses of the initial black holes are 30.5_{-3.0}^{+5.7}M_{⊙} and 25.3_{-4.2}^{+2.8}M_{⊙} (at the 90% credible level). The luminosity distance of the source is 540_{-210}^{+130}  Mpc, corresponding to a redshift of z=0...
October 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052523/longitudinal-study-of-staphylococcus-aureus-colonization-and-infection-in-a-cohort-of-swine-veterinarians-in-the-united-states
#2
Jisun Sun, My Yang, Srinand Sreevatsan, Jeffrey B Bender, Randall S Singer, Todd P Knutson, Douglas G Marthaler, Peter R Davies
BACKGROUND: People working with pigs are at elevated risk of harboring methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in their nose, which is attributable to occupational exposure to animals harboring livestock adapted S. aureus. To obtain insight into the biological nature of occupationally related nasal culture positivity, we conducted a longitudinal study of 66 swine veterinarians in the USA. METHODS: The study cohort resided in 15 US states and worked predominantly with swine...
October 19, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051987/1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium-tolerance-and-intracellular-lipid-accumulation-of-38-oleaginous-yeast-species
#3
Irnayuli R Sitepu, Luis A Garay, Lauren Enriquez, Russell Fry, John H Butler, Julian M Lopez, Atit Kanti, Sarah A Faulina, Agustinus J Nugroho, Blake A Simmons, Steven W Singer, Christopher W Simmons, Kyria Boundy-Mills
Pretreatment with ionic liquids (IL) such as 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride or acetate is an effective method for aiding deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass; however, the residual IL remaining in hydrolysates can be inhibitory to growth of ethanologenic or oleaginous yeasts that have been examined in the literature. The aim of this study was to identify oleaginous yeasts that are tolerant of the IL [C2C1Im][OAc] and [C2C1Im]Cl using 45 strains belonging to 38 taxonomically diverse species within phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota...
October 19, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051690/better-together-simultaneous-presentation-of-speech-and-gesture-in-math-instruction-supports-generalization-and-retention
#4
Eliza L Congdon, Miriam A Novack, Neon Brooks, Naureen Hemani-Lopez, Lucy O'Keefe, Susan Goldin-Meadow
When teachers gesture during instruction, children retain and generalize what they are taught (Goldin-Meadow, 2014). But why does gesture have such a powerful effect on learning? Previous research shows that children learn most from a math lesson when teachers present one problem-solving strategy in speech while simultaneously presenting a different, but complementary, strategy in gesture (Singer & Goldin-Meadow, 2005). One possibility is that gesture is powerful in this context because it presents information simultaneously with speech...
August 2017: Learning and Instruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051606/localization-of-tfpi-2-in-the-nucleus-modulates-mmp-2-gene-expression-in-breast-cancer-cells
#5
Guangli Wang, Yao Zeng, Shaoying Chen, Deling Li, Wei Li, Yanchun Zhou, Robert H Singer, Wei Gu
TFPI-2 has recently been recognized as a tumor suppressor, which not only plays a fundamental role in modulation of ECM integrity, but also involves the regulation of many oncogenes. In this study, we investigated the potential mechanism of TFPI-2 in the suppression of breast cancer growth and invasion. We showed that, with either over-expression of TFPI-2 or after treatment with exogenous rTFPI-2, breast cancer cells exhibited reduced proliferation and invasion. We demonstrated that in addition to being secreted, TFPI-2 was also distributed throughout the cytoplasm and nucleus...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047141/dawn-song-in-natural-and-artificial-continuous-day-light-pollution-affects-songbirds-at-high-latitudes
#6
Elizabeth P Derryberry
In Focus: Da Silva, A., & Kempenaers, B. (2017). Singing from North to South: Latitudinal variation in timing of dawn singing under natural and artificial light conditions. Journal of Animal Ecology, 86, 1286-1297. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12739 Satellite images of the world at night show bright dots connected by glowing lines crisscrossing the globe. As these connect-the-dots become brighter and expand into more and more remote regions, much of the flora and fauna of the world are experiencing evolutionarily unprecedented levels of light at night...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045216/evaluation-and-management-of-lower-extremity-ulcers
#7
Adam J Singer, Apostolos Tassiopoulos, Robert S Kirsner
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 377, Issue 16, Page 1559-1567, October 2017.
October 19, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044610/molecular-improvement-of-alfalfa-for-enhanced-productivity-and-adaptability-in-a-changing-environment
#8
REVIEW
Stacy D Singer, Abdelali Hannoufa, Surya Acharya
Due to an expanding world population and increased buying power, the demand for ruminant products such as meat and milk is expected to grow substantially in coming years and high levels of forage crop production will therefore be a necessity. Unfortunately, urbanization of agricultural land, intensive agricultural practices, and climate change are all predicted to limit crop production in the future, which means that the development of forage cultivars with improved productivity and adaptability will be essential...
October 18, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039030/size-and-location-are-the-most-important-risk-factors-for-malignant-behavior-in-resected-solitary-fibrous-tumors
#9
Sepideh Gholami, Michael R Cassidy, Amanda Kirane, Deborah Kuk, Bhumika Zanchelli, Christina R Antonescu, Samuel Singer, Murray Brennan
PURPOSE: While previously thought to be clinically indolent, recent data suggest significant late metastatic capacity of solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs). We define prognostic factors for recurrence and disease-specific death (DSD) in resected primary SFTs. METHODS: Resected primary SFTs from 1982 to 2015 were identified from a prospective, single institutional database. Risk factors for local (LR) and distant recurrence (DR), and DSD were assessed using competing risk analysis...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038373/illuminating-gravitational-waves-a-concordant-picture-of-photons-from-a-neutron-star-merger
#10
M M Kasliwal, E Nakar, L P Singer, D L Kaplan, D O Cook, A Van Sistine, R M Lau, C Fremling, O Gottlieb, J E Jencson, S M Adams, U Feindt, K Hotokezaka, S Ghosh, D A Perley, P-C Yu, T Piran, J R Allison, G C Anupama, A Balasubramanian, K W Bannister, J Bally, J Barnes, S Barway, E Bellm, V Bhalerao, D Bhattacharya, N Blagorodnova, J S Bloom, P R Brady, C Cannella, D Chatterjee, S B Cenko, B E Cobb, C Copperwheat, A Corsi, K De, D Dobie, S W K Emery, P A Evans, O D Fox, D A Frail, C Frohmaier, A Goobar, G Hallinan, F Harrison, G Helou, T Hinderer, A Y Q Ho, A Horesh, W-H Ip, R Itoh, D Kasen, H Kim, N P M Kuin, T Kupfer, C Lynch, K Madsen, P A Mazzali, A A Miller, K Mooley, T Murphy, C-C Ngeow, D Nichols, S Nissanke, P Nugent, E O Ofek, H Qi, R M Quimby, S Rosswog, F Rusu, E M Sadler, P Schmidt, J Sollerman, I Steele, A R Williamson, Y Xu, L Yan, Y Yatsu, C Zhang, W Zhao
Merging neutron stars offer an exquisite laboratory for simultaneously studying strong-field gravity and matter in extreme environments. We establish the physical association of an electromagnetic counterpart (EM170817) to gravitational waves (GW170817) detected from merging neutron stars. By synthesizing a panchromatic dataset, we demonstrate that merging neutron stars are a long-sought production site forging heavy elements by r-process nucleosynthesis. The weak gamma-rays seen in EM170817 are dissimilar to classical short gamma-ray bursts with ultra-relativistic jets...
October 16, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038372/a-radio-counterpart-to-a-neutron-star-merger
#11
G Hallinan, A Corsi, K P Mooley, K Hotokezaka, E Nakar, M M Kasliwal, D L Kaplan, D A Frail, S T Myers, T Murphy, K De, D Dobie, J R Allison, K W Bannister, V Bhalerao, P Chandra, T E Clarke, S Giacintucci, A Y Q Ho, A Horesh, N E Kassim, S R Kulkarni, E Lenc, F J Lockman, C Lynch, D Nichols, S Nissanke, N Palliyaguru, W M Peters, T Piran, J Rana, E M Sadler, L P Singer
Gravitational waves have been detected from a binary neutron star merger event, GW170817. The detection of electromagnetic radiation from the same source has shown that the merger occurred in the outskirts of the galaxy NGC 4993, at a distance of 40 megaparsecs from Earth. We report the detection of a counterpart radio source that appears 16 days after the event, allowing us to diagnose the energetics and environment of the merger. The observed radio emission can be explained by either a collimated ultra-relativistic jet viewed off-axis, or a cocoon of mildly relativistic ejecta...
October 16, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031305/do-cancer-patients-with-high-levels-of-distress-benefit-more-than-less-distressed-patients-from-outpatient-art-therapy
#12
Kristina Geue, Sophia Rieckhof, Marianne Buttstaedt, Susanne Singer
PURPOSE: Several studies have evaluated the effectiveness of art therapy for cancer patients. Our aim was to determine the effects of outpatient art therapy on the quality of life (QoL) of highly vs. less distressed cancer patients. METHODS: Participants completed the EORTC QLQ-C30 to measure QoL and the HADS to measure distress level before the intervention (t1), after completing the intervention (t2), and 6-months after t2 (t3). We performed analyses of covariance with repeated measures to test for group differences (highly vs...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027821/it-is-dopey-to-stop-giving-dopamine-to-hospitalized-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Jason Margolesky, Carlos Singer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026889/study-design-of-real-world-evidence-for-treatment-of-hyperkalemia-in-the-emergency-department-reveal-ed-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study
#14
Zubaid Rafique, Mikhail Kosiborod, Carol L Clark, Adam J Singer, Stewart Turner, Joseph Miller, Douglas Char, W Frank Peacock
OBJECTIVE: Hyperkalemia affects up to 10% of hospitalized patients and, if left untreated, can lead to serious cardiac arrhythmias or death. Although hyperkalemia is frequently encountered in the emergency department (ED), and is potentially life-threatening, standard of care for the treatment is poorly defined, with little supporting evidence. The main objectives of this observational study are to define the overall burden of hyperkalemia in the ED setting, describe its causes, the variability in treatment patterns and characterize the effectiveness and safety of ED standard of care therapies used in the United States...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026443/neutrophil-killing-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-diabetes-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-a-prospective-cellular-surveillance-study
#15
Ingrid Lea Scully, Lisa Kristin McNeil, Sudam Pathirana, Christine Lee Singer, Yongdong Liu, Stanley Mullen, Douglas Girgenti, Alejandra Gurtman, Michael W Pride, Kathrin Ute Jansen, Paul L Huang, Annaliesa S Anderson
BACKGROUND: Obesity, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and diabetes are frequent in surgical populations and can enhance susceptibility to postoperative surgical site infections. Reduced neutrophil function has been linked with diabetes and risk of Staphylococcus aureus infection. Therefore, neutrophil function in diabetic and obese subjects (± MetS) was assessed in this prospective serological and cellular surveillance study to determine whether vaccines administered to protect against infections after surgery could be effective in these populations...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022061/what-s-new-in-trace-elements
#16
Pierre Singer, William Manzanares, Mette M Berger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019788/gaps-in-federal-and-state-screening-of-tuberculosis-in-the-united-states
#17
Phillip M Singer, Grace A Noppert, Charlotte H Jenkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990426/gene-therapy-for-modulation-of-t-cell-mediated-immune-response-provoked-by-corneal-transplantation
#18
Marko Pastak, Veronika Kleff, Daniel Raphael Saban, Marta Czugala, Klaus-Peter Steuhl, Süleyman Ergün, Bernhard Singer, Thomas Armin Fuchsluger
Corneal transplantation (=keratoplasty) is the most common type of tissue replacement in the world. The increased rate of graft rejection after keratoplasty is a central problem for repeated transplantations and in inflamed host corneas. It has been shown that apoptosis of grafted epithelium has a role in corneal allograft rejection. Our study focused on the T cell response triggered in BALB/c mice after allogeneic corneal transplantation with and without anti-apoptotic p35-transduced epithelium. To restrict p35 expression to the epithelial cells we created modified allogeneic composite grafts...
October 7, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988437/the-impact-of-blamer-softening-on-romantic-attachment-in-emotionally-focused-couples-therapy
#19
Melissa Burgess Moser, Susan M Johnson, Tracy L Dalgleish, Stephanie A Wiebe, Giorgio A Tasca
Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFT; Johnson, ) treats relationship distress by targeting couples' relationship-specific attachment insecurity. In this study, we used hierarchical linear modeling (Singer & Willett, ) to examine intercept and slope discontinuities in softened couples' trajectories of change in relationship satisfaction and relationship-specific attachment over the course of therapy from a total sample of 32 couples. Softened couples (n = 16) reported a significant increase in relationship satisfaction and a significant decrease in attachment avoidance at the softening session...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983508/specific-reduction-in-cortisol-stress-reactivity-after-social-but-not-attention-based-mental-training
#20
Veronika Engert, Bethany E Kok, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, Tania Singer
Psychosocial stress is a public health burden in modern societies. Chronic stress-induced disease processes are, in large part, mediated via the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic-adrenal-medullary system. We asked whether the contemplative mental training of different practice types targeting attentional, socio-affective (for example, compassion), or socio-cognitive abilities (for example, perspective-taking) in the context of a 9-month longitudinal training study offers an effective means for psychosocial stress reduction...
October 2017: Science Advances
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