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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902438/colony-level-behavioral-variation-correlates-with-differences-in-expression-of-the-foraging-gene-in-red-imported-fire-ants
#1
Alison A Bockoven, Craig J Coates, Micky D Eubanks
Among social insects, colony-level variation is likely to be widespread and have significant ecological consequences. Very few studies, however, have documented how genetic factors relate to behavior at the colony level. Differences in expression of the foraging gene have been associated with differences in foraging and activity of a wide variety of organisms. We quantified expression of the red imported fire ant foraging gene (sifor) in workers from 21 colonies collected across the natural range of Texas fire ant populations, but maintained under standardized, environmentally controlled conditions...
September 13, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875172/the-biodiversity-cost-of-carbon-sequestration-in-tropical-savanna
#2
Rodolfo C R Abreu, William A Hoffmann, Heraldo L Vasconcelos, Natashi A Pilon, Davi R Rossatto, Giselda Durigan
Tropical savannas have been increasingly viewed as an opportunity for carbon sequestration through fire suppression and afforestation, but insufficient attention has been given to the consequences for biodiversity. To evaluate the biodiversity costs of increasing carbon sequestration, we quantified changes in ecosystem carbon stocks and the associated changes in communities of plants and ants resulting from fire suppression in savannas of the Brazilian Cerrado, a global biodiversity hotspot. Fire suppression resulted in increased carbon stocks of 1...
August 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873251/imported-fire-ant-envenomation-a-clinicopathologic-study-of-a-recognizable-form-of-arthropod-assault-reaction
#3
Gabriel Villada, Farhaan Hafeez, Jose Ollague, Carlos H Nousari, George W Elgart
BACKGROUND: Skin reactions to the sting of the imported fire ant have characteristic clinicopathological features. METHODS: One case of experimental envenomation was prospectively followed during 48 hours, with biopsies. In addition, six cases from our laboratory were retrospectively evaluated histopathologically for the following features: spongiosis, exocytosis (and type of cells), pustule formation, erosion/ulceration, epidermal necrosis, scale/crust, papillary dermal edema, inflammatory dermal infiltrate (cell type, density, depth, distribution, shape), red blood cell extravasation, vasculopathy, vasculitis...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802030/solenopsis-geminata-tropical-fire-ant-anaphylaxis-among-thai-patients-its-allergens-and-specific-ige-reactivity
#4
Rutcharin Potiwat, Sasipa Tanyaratsrisakul, Santi Maneewatchararangsri, Wiparat Manuyakorn, Ticha Rerkpattanapipat, Yudthana Samung, Chukiat Sirivichayakul, Wanpen Chaicumpa, Raweerat Sitcharungsi
BACKGROUND: Specific IgE against Solenopsis invicta (imported fire ant) remains the current diagnostic tool for allergy to ants worldwide. However, S. invicta may not be the only cause of ant anaphylaxis in Thai patients. OBJECTIVE: To characterize ant species causing anaphylaxis in Thai patients and to test allergenic reactivity to whole body extracts (WBE) of S. geminata (tropical fire ants) in patients with evidence of IgE-mediated ant anaphylaxis. METHODS: Thirty-two patients with ant anaphylaxis were identified...
August 8, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791170/fire-ants-perpetually-rebuild-sinking-towers
#5
Sulisay Phonekeo, Nathan Mlot, Daria Monaenkova, David L Hu, Craig Tovey
In the aftermath of a flood, fire ants, Solenopsis invicta, cluster into temporary encampments. The encampments can contain hundreds of thousands of ants and reach over 30 ants high. How do ants build such tall structures without being crushed? In this combined experimental and theoretical study, we investigate the shape and rate of construction of ant towers around a central support. The towers are bell shaped, consistent with towers of constant strength such as the Eiffel tower, where each element bears an equal load...
July 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712285/freeze-thaw-sample-preparation-method-improves-detection-of-volatile-compounds-in-insects-using-headspace-solid-phase-microextraction
#6
Jian Chen
Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is commonly used in analyzing insect volatiles. To improve the detection of volatiles in insects, a freeze-thaw method was applied to insect samples before the HS-SPME-GC-MS analysis. Insect samples were first frozen at -80 °C for 10 min and then thawed at 25 °C for 5 min before SPME extraction was performed. The freeze-thaw method clearly improved the detection of volatile compounds for all six tested insect species, including red imported fire ants, Solenopsis invicta Buren, black imported fire ants, Solenopsis richteri Forel, little black ants, Monomorium minimum (Buckley), pharaoh ants, Monomorium pharaonis (Linnaeus), eastern subterranean termites, Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar), and spotted lady beetles, Coleomegilla maculate De Geer...
August 1, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695711/cuticular-hydrocarbon-profiles-differentiate-tropical-fire-ant-populations-solenopsis-geminata-hymenoptera-formicidae
#7
Lin Hu, Robert K Vander Meer, Sanford D Porter, Li Chen
The cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) from hexane rinses of workers from two Florida populations (dark and red forms) of the tropical fire ant, Solenopsis geminata, were separated by silica gel chromatography and identified by GC-MS analysis. Both the dark form and the red form produce similar CHCs with carbon chain lengths ranging from 17 to 35. However, the relative percentages of these CHCs were consistently different between the two color forms. The largest CHC component in the dark form is tricosane, and (Z)-9-tricosene for the red form...
July 11, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644376/monitoring-effect-of-fire-on-ant-assemblages-in-brazilian-rupestrian-grasslands-contrasting-effects-on-ground-and-arboreal-fauna
#8
Diego Anjos, Ricardo Campos, Renata Campos, Sérvio Ribeiro
Fire is one of the most relevant ecological disturbances in nature. Little is known about the effects of fire on biodiversity in ecosystems like rupestrian grasslands, which share characteristics with savanna and forest biomes. Brazilian rupestrian grasslands are part of an endangered ecosystem that has been modified by anthropogenic fire events that have become more intense in recent decades. In this study, we evaluated the effects of fire on ground and arboreal ant assemblages through a two-year monitoring program (24 monthly samplings)...
June 23, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480618/beyond-chemoreception-diverse-tasks-of-soluble-olfactory-proteins-in-insects
#9
Paolo Pelosi, Immacolata Iovinella, Jiao Zhu, Guirong Wang, Francesca R Dani
Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) and chemosensory proteins (CSPs) are regarded as carriers of pheromones and odorants in insect chemoreception. These proteins are typically located in antennae, mouth organs and other chemosensory structures; however, members of both classes of proteins have been detected recently in other parts of the body and various functions have been proposed. The best studied of these non-sensory tasks is performed in pheromone glands, where OBPs and CSPs solubilise hydrophobic semiochemicals and assist their controlled release into the environment...
May 7, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444322/fumigant-activity-of-sweet-orange-essential-oil-fractions-against-red-imported-fire-ants-hymenoptera-formicidae
#10
Wei Hu, Ning Zhang, Hongli Chen, Balian Zhong, Aixue Yang, Fan Kuang, Zhigang Ouyang, Jiong Chun
Sweet orange oil fractions were prepared by molecular distillation of cold-pressed orange oil from sample A (Citrus sinensis (L.) 'Hamlin' from America) and sample B (Citrus sinensis Osbeck 'Newhall' from China) respectively, and their fumigant activities against medium workers of red imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta Buren) were investigated. The volatile composition of the orange oil fractions was identified and quantified using GC-MS. Fractions from sample A (A1, A2, and A3) contained 23, 37, and 48 chemical constituents, and fractions from sample B (B1, B2, and B3) contained 18, 29, and 26 chemical constituents, respectively...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444203/a-chemosensory-protein-gene-si-csp1-associated-with-necrophoric-behavior-in-red-imported-fire-ants-hymenoptera-formicidae
#11
Hua-Long Qiu, Dai-Feng Cheng
Necrophoric behavior is essential to colony health in social insects. Little is known about the genes that are responsible for necrophoric behavior. Here, we show that a chemosensory protein gene Si-CSP1 was expressed significantly higher in the antennae than in other tissues such as the legs and heads of Solenopsis invicta Buren workers. Furthermore, Si-CSP1-silenced workers moved significantly fewer corpses of their nestmates than normal workers. Finally, Si-CSP1-silenced workers exhibited weaker antennal responses to oleic acid and linoleic acid than controls...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402466/efficacy-of-nootka-oil-as-a-biopesticide-for-management-of-imported-fire-ants-hymenoptera-formicidae
#12
K M Addesso, J B Oliver, P A O'Neal, N Youssef
Recent concerns regarding the impact of traditional synthetic pesticides on nontarget organisms have generated demand for alternative products with lower environmental impact. This demand has led to increasing focus on plant essential oils as sources of new biopesticides. In this study, we demonstrate that the essential oil of the Alaskan yellow cedar, Cupressus nootkatensis (D. Don) Spach, has activity against hybrid imported fire ant workers, Solenopsis invicta Buren × Solenopsis richteri Forel. In digging assays, ants were repelled by nootka oil and digging continued to be suppressed by nearly 50% in nootka oil-treated sand aged 6 mo in the laboratory...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384419/are-invasive-species-stressful-the-glucocorticoid-profile-of-native-lizards-exposed-to-invasive-fire-ants-depends-on-the-context
#13
Sean P Graham, Nicole A Freidenfelds, Christopher J Thawley, Travis R Robbins, Tracy Langkilde
Invasive species represent a substantial threat to native species worldwide. Research on the impacts of invasive species on wild living vertebrates has focused primarily on population-level effects. The sublethal, individual-level effects of invaders may be equally important but are poorly understood. We investigated the effects of invasive fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) on the physiological stress response of a native lizard (Sceloporus undulatus) within two experimental contexts: directly exposing lizards to a fire ant attack and housing lizards with fire ants in seminatural field enclosures...
May 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365770/on-the-molecular-basis-of-division-of-labor-in-solenopsis-invicta-hymenoptera-formicidae-workers-rna-seq-analysis
#14
Hua-Long Qiu, Cheng-Yin Zhao, Yu-Rong He
The fire ant Solenopsis invicta Buren is an important invasive pest. Among S. invicta workers behavioral changes depend on age where younger ants are nurses and older ants foragers. To identify potential genes associated with this division of labor, we compared gene expression between foragers and nurses by high-throughput sequencing. In total, we identified 1,618 genes significantly differently expressed between nurses and foragers, of which 542 were upregulated in foragers and 1,076 were upregulated in nurses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334221/enhanced-pest-ant-control-with-hydrophobic-bait
#15
R K Vander Meer, D E Milne
The red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta (Buren), left most of its natural enemies behind in South America when it arrived in Mobile, AL, in the 1930s and spread rapidly throughout the southeastern United States, reaching population levels up to 10 times those found in South America. The large population densities and propensity for disturbed habitats led to direct conflict with human activities. Bait control methods were first developed for fire ants in the early 1960s and little has changed in the subsequent decades, despite the drawback that the bait carrier rapidly breaks down when wet...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334211/effect-of-sweeteners-on-the-survival-of-solenopsis-invicta-hymenoptera-formicidae
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Xiaoqiang Zhang, Siqi Chen, Zhiqiang Li, Yijuan Xu
The red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren, is a serious agricultural, ecological, and public health pest in its invaded range. Chemical insecticides have been widely used for the prevention and control of this notorious pest. To search for novel, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly materials for fire ant control, we tested various sweeteners for their toxicity to S. invicta. The S. invicta that were fed erythritol, aspartame, and saccharin exhibited significantly higher mortality rates than those fed other sweeteners...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334021/the-effect-of-remnant-forest-on-insect-successional-response-in-tropical-fire-impacted-peatland-a-bi-taxa-comparison
#17
Kok-Boon Neoh, Lee-Jin Bong, Ahmad Muhammad, Masayuki Itoh, Osamu Kozan, Yoko Takematsu, Tsuyoshi Yoshimura
Fire has become a common feature in tropical drained peatlands, and it may have detrimental impacts on the overall biodiversity of the forest ecosystem. We investigated the effect of fire on termite and ant assemblages and the importance of remnant forest in restoring species diversity in fire-impacted tropical peat swamp forests. The species loss of both termites and ants was as high as 50% in some fire-impacted peats compared to remnant forests, but in most cases the species richness for termites and ants was statistically equal along the land uses surveyed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273343/fire-disturbance-disrupts-an-acacia-ant-plant-mutualism-in-favor-of-a-subordinate-ant-species
#18
Ryan L Sensenig, Duncan K Kimuyu, Juan Carlos Ruiz Guajardo, Kari E Veblen, Corinna Riginos, Truman P Young
Although disturbance theory has been recognized as a useful framework in examining the stability of ant-plant mutualisms, very few studies have examined the effects of fire disturbance on these mutualisms. In myrmecophyte-dominated savannas, fire and herbivory are key drivers that could influence ant-plant mutualisms by causing complete colony mortality and/or decreasing colony size, which potentially could alter dominance hierarchies if subordinate species are more fire resilient. We used a large-scale, replicated fire experiment to examine long-term effects of fire on acacia-ant community composition...
March 8, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220980/the-fire-ant-social-chromosome-supergene-variant-sb-shows-low-diversity-but-high-divergence-from-sb
#19
Rodrigo Pracana, Anurag Priyam, Ilya Levantis, Richard A Nichols, Yannick Wurm
Variation in social behaviour is common, yet little is known about the genetic architectures underpinning its evolution. A rare exception is in the fire ant Solenopsis invicta: Alternative variants of a supergene region determine whether a colony will have exactly one or up to dozens of queens. The two variants of this region are carried by a pair of 'social chromosomes', SB and Sb, which resemble a pair of sex chromosomes. Recombination is suppressed between the two chromosomes in the supergene region. While the X-like SB can recombine with itself in SB/SB queens, recombination is effectively absent in the Y-like Sb because Sb/Sb queens die before reproducing...
June 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157984/high-resolution-fluorescence-bio-imaging-upconversion-nanoparticles-in-insects
#20
Masfer Alkahtani, Yunyun Chen, Julie J Pedraza, Jorge M González, Dilworth Y Parkinson, Philip R Hemmer, Hong Liang
Imaging fluorescent markers with brightness, photostability, and continuous emission with auto fluorescence background suppression in biological samples has always been challenging due to limitations of available and economical techniques. Here we report a new approach, to achieve high contrast imaging inside small and difficult biological systems with special geometry such as fire ants, an important agricultural pest, using a homemade cost-effective optical system. Unlike the commonly used rare-earth doped fluoride nanoparticles, we utilized nanoparticles with a high upconversion efficiency in water...
January 23, 2017: Optics Express
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