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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220980/the-fire-ant-social-chromosome-supergene-variant-sb-shows-low-diversity-but-high-divergence-from-sb
#1
Rodrigo Pracana, Anurag Priyam, Ilya Levantis, Richard A Nichols, Yannick Wurm
Variation in social behavior is common yet little is known about the genetic architectures underpinning its evolution. A rare exception is in the fire ant Solenopsis invicta: Alternative variants of a supergene region determine whether a colony will have exactly one or up to dozens of queens. The two variants of this region are carried by a pair of "social chromosomes", SB and Sb, which resemble a pair of sex chromosomes. Recombination is suppressed between the two chromosomes in the supergene region. While the X-like SB can recombine with itself in SB/SB queens, recombination is effectively absent in the Y-like Sb because Sb/Sb queens die before reproducing...
February 21, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157984/high-resolution-fluorescence-bio-imaging-upconversion-nanoparticles-in-insects
#2
Masfer Alkahtani, Yunyun Chen, Julie J Pedraza, Jorge M González, Dilworth Y Parkinson, Philip R Hemmer, Hong Liang
Imaging fluorescent markers with brightness, photostability, and continuous emission with auto fluorescence background suppression in biological samples has always been challenging due to limitations of available and economical techniques. Here we report a new approach, to achieve high contrast imaging inside small and difficult biological systems with special geometry such as fire ants, an important agricultural pest, using a homemade cost-effective optical system. Unlike the commonly used rare-earth doped fluoride nanoparticles, we utilized nanoparticles with a high upconversion efficiency in water...
January 23, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092009/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-determined-by-pine-needles-and-semipermeable-membrane-devices-along-an-altitude-profile-in-taurus-mountains-turkey
#3
Cafer Turgut, Mehmet Ali Mazmanci, Birgül Mazmanci, Melis Yalçın, PerihanBinnur Kurt Karakuş, Levent Atatanir, Menekşe Keski, Bernhard Henkelmann, Gerd Pfister, Karl-Werner Schramm
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were analyzed at different altitudes of Taurus Mountains in semipermeable membrane devices (SPMD) and in half-, one-and-a-half-, and two-and-a-half-year-old pine needles. SPMDs were deployed for three different exposure periods: March to September (Summer), September to March (Winter), and March to March (whole year) at eight sites where needle samples were collected. The values of PAHs in needles were between 4.4 to 6066 pg g/fw in half-year-old, 7.2 to 111,115 pg g/fw in 1...
January 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052342/from-cryptic-herbivore-to-predator-stable-isotopes-reveal-consistent-variability-in-trophic-levels-in-an-ant-population
#4
Karl A Roeder, Michael Kaspari
Populations may collectively exhibit a broad diet because individuals have large diet breadths and/or because subpopulations of specialists co-occur. In social insect populations, the diet of the genetic individual, the colony, may similarly arise because workers are diet generalists or castes of specialists. We used elemental and isotopic methods to explore how the invasive red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, achieves its status as a trophic generalist. In one 0.5-ha old field, 31 S. invicta colonies ranged from 1°-consumer to 2°-predator (δ(15) N's 0...
February 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028926/how-do-groups-of-red-imported-fire-ants-hymenoptera-formicidae-feed-on-a-droplet-of-sugar-water
#5
Cai Wang, Xuan Chen, Linda M Hooper-Bùi, Rachel Strecker, Yu-Zhen Wen, Wen-Quan Qin, Tao Ma, Zhao-Hui Sun, Xiao-Yang Chen, Xiu-Jun Wen
Many previous studies have focused on the foraging behaviors and strategies of the red imported fire ants, Solenopsis invicta Buren on solid food or granular bait, little attention has been paid to how liquid sugar is fed upon. In the present study, behavioral responses of S. invicta to 25% sucrose water droplets were observed. Five foraging patterns were identified in S. invicta colonies under laboratory conditions: (1) No feeding, no sucrose water feeding was observed; (2) surround feeding, ants surrounded and fed along the edge of the sucrose droplet; (3) stacked feeding, ants stacked and fed along the edge of the sucrose droplet; (4) droplet-break feeding, ants broke the liquid droplet and sucked sucrose water that spread on surface of the substance or soil particles previously transported by ants, and (5) cover feeding, whole surface of the sucrose droplet was covered by layers of feeding ants...
December 28, 2016: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864050/ancestry-trumps-experience-transgenerational-but-not-early-life-stress-affects-the-adult-physiological-stress-response
#6
Gail L McCormick, Travis R Robbins, Sonia A Cavigelli, Tracy Langkilde
Exposure to stressors can affect an organism's physiology and behavior as well as that of its descendants (e.g. through maternal effects, epigenetics, and/or selection). We examined the relative influence of early life vs. transgenerational stress exposure on adult stress physiology in a species that has populations with and without ancestral exposure to an invasive predator. We raised offspring of eastern fence lizards (Sceloporus undulatus) from sites historically invaded (high stress) or uninvaded (low stress) by predatory fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) and determined how this different transgenerational exposure to stress interacted with the effects of early life stress exposure to influence the physiological stress response in adulthood...
January 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819800/high-efficiency-upconversion-nanophosphors-for-high-contrast-bioimaging
#7
Masfer H Alkahtani, Fahad S Alghannam, Carlos Sanchez, Carmen L Gomes, Hong Liang, Philip R Hemmer
Upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) are of interest because they allow suppression of tissue autofluorescence and are therefore visible deep inside biological tissue. Compared to upconversion dyes, UCNPs have a lower pump intensity threshold, better photostability, and less toxicity. Recently, YVO4: Er(+3), Yb(+3) nanoparticles were shown to exhibit strong up-conversion luminescence with a relatively low 10 kW cm(-2) excitation intensity even in water, which makes them excellent bio-imaging candidates. Herein, we investigate their use as internal probes in insects by injecting YVO4 : Er(+3), Yb(+3) nanoparticles into fire ants as a biological model, and obtain 2D optical images with 980 nm illumination...
December 2, 2016: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774769/developmental-dna-methyltransferase-expression-in-the-fire-ant-solenopsis-invicta
#8
Sasha Kay, Daniel Skowronski, Brendan G Hunt
DNA methylation is accomplished in animals by two classes of enzymes known as DNA methyltransferases, DNMT3 and DNMT1, which perform de novo methylation and maintenance methylation, respectively. Several studies of hymenopteran eusocial insects suggest that DNA methylation is capable of influencing developmental plasticity. However, fundamental questions remain about the patterning of DNA methylation during the course of insect development. In this study, we performed quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) on transcripts from the single-copy orthologs of DNMT1 and DNMT3 in the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta...
October 24, 2016: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765943/tissue-developmental-and-caste-specific-expression-of-odorant-binding-proteins-in-a-eusocial-insect-the-red-imported-fire-ant-solenopsis-invicta
#9
Wei Zhang, Arun Wanchoo, Almudena Ortiz-Urquiza, Yuxian Xia, Nemat O Keyhani
Insects interact with the surrounding environment via chemoreception, and in social insects such as ants, chemoreception functions to mediate diverse behaviors including food acquisition, self/non-self recognition, and intraspecific communication. The invasive red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, has spread worldwide, displaying a remarkable environmental adaptability. Odorant binding proteins (OBPs) are chemical compound carriers, involved in diverse physiological processes including odor detection and chemical transport...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687959/effect-of-irradiation-on-queen-survivorship-and-reproduction-in-the-invasive-fire-ant-solenopsis-invicta-hymenoptera-formicidae-and-a-proposed-phytosanitary-irradiation-treatment-for-ants
#10
Peter A Follett, Sol Porcel, Luis A Calcaterra
We studied radiation tolerance in queens of the red imported fire ant Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) to identify a dose that prevents reproduction. Virgin or fertile queens were collected from Santa Fe and Formosa provinces in Argentina and reared in the laboratory in microcolonies. Virgin queens were irradiated at 0 (control), 70, 90, 120, or 150 Gy, and fertile queens were irradiated at 0, 60, 125, and 190 Gy, and then followed for 11 wk in the microcolonies to evaluate survival and reproduction...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651533/decreased-small-mammal-and-on-host-tick-abundance-in-association-with-invasive-red-imported-fire-ants-solenopsis-invicta
#11
Adrian A Castellanos, Matthew C I Medeiros, Gabriel L Hamer, Michael E Morrow, Micky D Eubanks, Pete D Teel, Sarah A Hamer, Jessica E Light
Invasive species may impact pathogen transmission by altering the distributions and interactions among native vertebrate reservoir hosts and arthropod vectors. Here, we examined the direct and indirect effects of the red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta) on the native tick, small mammal and pathogen community in southeast Texas. Using a replicated large-scale field manipulation study, we show that small mammals were more abundant on treatment plots where S. invicta populations were experimentally reduced...
September 2016: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628313/evolution-of-long-centromeres-in-fire-ants
#12
Yu-Ching Huang, Chih-Chi Lee, Chia-Yi Kao, Ni-Chen Chang, Chung-Chi Lin, DeWayne Shoemaker, John Wang
BACKGROUND: Centromeres are essential for accurate chromosome segregation, yet sequence conservation is low even among closely related species. Centromere drive predicts rapid turnover because some centromeric sequences may compete better than others during female meiosis. In addition to sequence composition, longer centromeres may have a transmission advantage. RESULTS: We report the first observations of extremely long centromeres, covering on average 34 % of the chromosomes, in the red imported fire ant Solenopsis invicta...
2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496543/application-of-recombinant-antigen-5-allergens-from-seven-allergy-relevant-hymenoptera-species-in-diagnostics
#13
M Schiener, B Eberlein, C Moreno-Aguilar, G Pietsch, P Serrano, M McIntyre, L Schwarze, D Russkamp, T Biedermann, E Spillner, U Darsow, M Ollert, C B Schmidt-Weber, S Blank
BACKGROUND: Hymenoptera stings can cause severe anaphylaxis in untreated venom-allergic patients. A correct diagnosis regarding the relevant species for immunotherapy is often hampered by clinically irrelevant cross-reactivity. In vespid venom allergy, cross-reactivity between venoms of different species can be a diagnostic challenge. To address immunological IgE cross-reactivity on molecular level, seven recombinant antigens 5 of the most important Vespoidea groups were assessed by different diagnostic setups...
January 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298425/essential-balm-a-strong-repellent-against-foraging-and-defending-red-imported-fire-ants-hymenoptera-formicidae
#14
Yuzhen Wen, Tao Ma, Xuan Chen, Zhitao Liu, Chengqi Zhu, Yuanyuan Zhang, Rachel Strecker, Gregg Henderson, Linda M Hooper-Bùi, Xiaoyang Chen, Zhaohui Sun, Xiujun Wen, Cai Wang
In the present study, the repellent effects of essential balm, a traditional medicine product in China, was tested against foraging and defending red imported fire ants, Solenopsis invicta Buren, under laboratory and field conditions. The laboratory study showed that both band- (width = 1 cm) and patch-smearing of essential balm at each concentration (0.5, 1, or 2 μl/cm(2)) significantly decreased the number of S. invicta foragers within the 6-h observation period. Moreover, band-smearing of 2 μl/cm(2) essential balm and patch-smearing of 0...
August 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252409/the-thermal-breadth-of-nylanderia-fulva-hymenoptera-formicidae-is-narrower-than-that-of-solenopsis-invicta-at-three-thermal-ramping-rates-1-0-0-12-and-0-06%C3%A2-c-min-1
#15
M T Bentley, D A Hahn, F M Oi
Determining the upper (CTmax) and lower (CTmin) critical thermal limits of invasive ants provides insight into how temperature could shape their distribution, seasonality, and daily activity. Understanding the potential distribution of invasive ants is imperative to improving quarantine and management efforts. Nylanderia fulva (Mayr) (tawny crazy ant) and Solenopsis invicta (Buren) (red imported fire ant) are invasive ants that are established throughout the southeastern United States. Recent studies have found that body size and thermal ramping rate can affect the estimation of critical thermal limits...
August 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206792/fire-in-the-amazon-impact-of-experimental-fuel-addition-on-responses-of-ants-and-their-interactions-with-myrmecochorous-seeds
#16
Lucas N Paolucci, Maria L B Maia, Ricardo R C Solar, Ricardo I Campos, José H Schoereder, Alan N Andersen
The widespread clearing of tropical forests causes lower tree cover, drier microclimate, and higher and drier fuel loads of forest edges, increasing the risk of fire occurrence and its intensity. We used a manipulative field experiment to investigate the influence of fire and fuel loads on ant communities and their interactions with myrmecochorous seeds in the southern Amazon, a region currently undergoing extreme land-use intensification. Experimental fires and fuel addition were applied to 40 × 40-m plots in six replicated blocks, and ants were sampled between 15 and 30 days after fires in four strata: subterranean, litter, epigaeic, and arboreal...
October 2016: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194285/are-invasive-fire-ants-kept-in-check-by-native-aerial-insectivores
#17
Jackson A Helms, Aaron P Godfrey, Tayna Ames, Eli S Bridge
Aerial predator-prey interactions may impact populations of many terrestrial species. Here, we use altitude loggers to study aerial foraging in a native insectivore, the purple martin (Progne subis), in the southern USA. Purple martins fed primarily on mating queens and males of the invasive red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta), and doubled their foraging efficiency by doing so. Across the USA, purple martins likely eat billions of fire ant queens each year, potentially impacting the spread of this species...
May 2016: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192015/active-insecticides-for-diaphania-hyalinata-selective-for-the-natural-enemy-solenopsis-saevissima
#18
Alex R Aguiar, Elson S Alvarenga, Mayara C Lopes, Izailda B Dos Santos, Tarcisio V Galdino, Marcelo C Picanço
The objective of this study was to determine the toxicity of the nine synthetic dienamides against the insect pest Diaphania hyalinata (melonworm) and the selectivity of these substances for the predator Solenopsis saevissima (fire ant). Four bioassays were conducted. To begin with, the dienamides that caused high mortality of D. hyalinata have been selected. In the second bioassay the dose-mortality curves of the selected dienamides have been constructed. In the third bioassay, the survival curves for D. hyalinata and the elapsed time to kill 50% of their population have been determined...
September 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108280/development-of-a-lateral-flow-immunoassay-for-rapid-field-detection-of-the-red-imported-fire-ant-solenopsis-invicta-hymenoptera-formicidae
#19
Steven M Valles, Charles A Strong, Anne-Marie A Callcott
The red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, is an aggressive, highly invasive pest ant species from South America that has been introduced into North America, Asia, and Australia. Quarantine efforts have been imposed in the USA to minimize further spread of the ant. To aid the quarantine efforts, there remains an acute need for a rapid, field portable method for the identification of these ants. In this report, we describe two novel monoclonal antibodies that specifically bind the S. invicta venom protein 2 produced by S...
July 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106823/the-relationship-between-ants-and-lycaeides-melissa-samuelis-lepidoptera-lycaenidae-at-concord-pine-barrens-nh-usa
#20
Elizabeth G Pascale, Rachel K Thiet
The Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis Nabokov) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) is a federally listed, endangered species that has experienced dramatic decline over its historic range. In surviving populations, Karner blue butterflies have a facultative mutualism with ants that could be critically important to their survival where their populations are threatened by habitat loss or disturbance. In this study, we investigated the effects of ants, wild blue lupine population status (native or restored), and fire on adult Karner blue butterfly abundance at the Concord Pine Barrens, NH, USA...
April 22, 2016: Environmental Entomology
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