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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334304/livestock-grazing-shapes-the-vegetation-structure-and-subsequent-habitat-use-by-the-endangered-skipper-pyrgus-ruralis-lagunae-lepidoptera-hesperiidae
#1
Daniel A Marschalek, David K Faulkner, Douglas H Deutschman
Many species adapted to alpine and montane meadow ecosystems are at risk of extinction. The skipper Pyrgus ruralis lagunae Scott is a mountaintop butterfly restricted to San Diego County, CA, a federally listed endangered species, and is in imminent risk of extinction. Historically, P. r. lagunae was found in the Laguna and Palomar mountains. We did not detect the skipper in the Laguna Mountains, and the species has likely been extirpated from this area, which represents half of its historical range and is the type locality...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331408/on-some-new-species-of-ancorabolidae-sars-1909-from-the-gulf-of-california-the-genera-ceratonotus-sars-1909-and-dendropsyllus-conroy-dalton-2003-crustacea-copepoda-harpacticoida
#2
Samuel Gómez, Karen Díaz
Two new species of two genera of the family Ancorabolidae, Ceratonotus elongatussp. n. and Dendropsyllus californiensissp. n., found at 1642 m and 1759 m depth, respectively, in the Southern Trough of Guaymas Basin, are described. Ceratonotus elongatussp. n. was attributed to that genus by a series of character states of which the lack of dendroid dorsal processes on the P6-bearing somite and the presence of such processes on the first abdominal somite were definitive. This species was observed to be very close to Ceratonotus thistlei Conroy-Dalton, 2003 from the San Diego Trough, and can be separated by a number of traits of which the elongated sensilla-bearing dorsal tubercles on the second abdominal somite in the new species was definitive...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325009/a-clinic-compatible-open-source-electrophysiology-system
#3
John Hermiz, Nick Rogers, Erik Kaestner, Mehran Ganji, Dan Cleary, Joseph Snider, David Barba, Shadi Dayeh, Eric Halgren, Vikash Gilja
Open source electrophysiology (ephys) recording systems have several advantages over commercial systems such as customization and affordability enabling more researchers to conduct ephys experiments. Notable open source ephys systems include Open-Ephys, NeuroRighter and more recently Willow, all of which have high channel count (64+), scalability, and advanced software to develop on top of. However, little work has been done to build an open source ephys system that is clinic compatible, particularly in the operating room where acute human electrocorticography (ECoG) research is performed...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324102/duodenal-mucosa-of-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-shows-distinctive-inflammatory-profile-and-microbiota
#4
Silvia Pellegrini, Valeria Sordi, Andrea Mario Bolla, Diego Saita, Roberto Ferrarese, Filippo Canducci, Massimo Clementi, Francesca Invernizzi, Alberto Mariani, Riccardo Bonfanti, Graziano Barera, Pier Alberto Testoni, Claudio Doglioni, Emanuele Bosi, Lorenzo Piemonti
Context: Increasing evidences suggest a correlation between gut and type 1 diabetes (T1D). Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the gut inflammatory profile and microbiota in patients with T1D, compared to healthy controls (CTRL) and patients with celiac disease (CD) as gut inflammatory disease controls. Design/Setting/Participants: The inflammatory status and microbiome composition were evaluated in biopsies of the duodenal mucosa of patients with T1D (n=19), CD (n=19) and CTRL (n=16), recruited at San Raffaele Scientific Institute, in Milan, Italy, between 2009 and 2015...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323114/physician-activity-during-outpatient-visits-and-subjective-workload
#5
Alan Calvitti, Harry Hochheiser, Shazia Ashfaq, Kristin Bell, Yunan Chen, Robert El Kareh, Mark T Gabuzda, Lin Liu, Sara Mortensen, Braj Pandey, Steven Rick, Richard L Street, Nadir Weibel, Charlene Weir, Zia Agha
We describe methods for capturing and analyzing EHR use and clinical workflow of physicians during outpatient encounters and relating activity to physicians' self-reported workload. We collected temporally-resolved activity data including audio, video, EHR activity, and eye-gaze along with post-visit assessments of workload. These data are then analyzed through a combination of manual content analysis and computational techniques to temporally align streams, providing a range of process measures of EHR usage, clinical workflow, and physician-patient communication...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301364/effect-of-surgeon-volume-and-craniofacial-fellowship-training-on-cleft-palate-complication-rates
#6
Anna R Schoenbrunner, Cecilia L Dalle Ore, Samuel Lance, Joyce McIntyre, Marilyn Jones, Amanda Gosman
BACKGROUND: Both the general and pediatric surgical literature have evidenced an inverse relationship between surgical case volume and complications. This study seeks to ascertain the relationship between case volume and fistula rates in cleft palate patients. We also seek to determine if craniofacial fellowship training impacts fistula rates. METHODS: Charts were reviewed at a multidisciplinary cleft center in San Diego, CA. We performed chart review on 207 nonsyndromic patients with cleft lip and palate who had surgery at our institution from 1988 to 2010...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301362/analysis-of-surfing-injuries-presenting-in-the-acute-trauma-setting
#7
Kevin T Jubbal, Charlie Chen, Todd Costantini, Fernando Herrera, Marek Dobke, Ahmed Suliman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Surfing is a rapidly growing major worldwide sport; however, little is understood regarding severe injuries and resulting hospital admissions. This study explores surfing-related injuries in the major surfing hub of San Diego presenting in the acute trauma setting. The purpose of this study is to address the void of information regarding severe surfing injuries in the trauma setting, including injury patterns, associated hospitalization course, and risk factors...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296714/analysis-of-a-resident-aesthetic-clinic-process-for-rhinoplasty-resident-experience-and-patient-satisfaction
#8
Michael G Brandel, Gehaan F DʼSouza, Christopher M Reid, Marek K Dobke, Amanda A Gosman
GOALS/PURPOSE: Plastic surgery residents often desire additional training in rhinoplasty than what is provided by their residency program. The goal of this study was to define and evaluate a specific process used to structure preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative protocols for rhinoplasty patients in the resident aesthetic clinic (RAC) to enhance qualitative and quantitative experience. Complication rates and patient/resident satisfaction scores were also examined. METHODS: Resident clinic rhinoplasty patients underwent a well-defined and established process that included patient education and informed consent, preoperative planning in a conference-based session, specific adherence to established surgical techniques, and structured postoperative management and follow-up...
March 14, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290981/case-report-of-clinical-vignette-osteopetrosis
#9
John B Moore, Thanh D Hoang, Alfred F Shwayhat
INTRODUCTION: Osteopetrosis is a connective tissue disorder resulting from abnormally dense bone predisposing patients to fracture. The clinical pattern of fractures across time and space as well as suggestive radiographic findings usually raises diagnostic suspicion. Multiple genetic mutations resulting in dysfunctional osteoclasts have been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteopetrosis with variable inheritance patterns. In severe cases, usually inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, the medullary cavity important in the production of normal blood cell progenitors is replaced by defective endochondral bone, leading to pancytopenia and consequential extramedullary hematopoiesis...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290951/pneumonia-at-marine-corps-recruit-depots-current-trends-in-ambulatory-encounters-and-inpatient-discharges
#10
Kristen Rossi, Gosia Nowak, Asha Jindal Riegodedios
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory infections are recognized as a significant source of morbidity for military populations, particularly for recruits. This analysis aims to describe the pneumonia burden at Marine Corps Recruit Depots (MCRD) in Parris Island and San Diego during 2007-2014, as these two depots maintain noteworthy comparisons in vaccine and prophylaxis policies. First, both depots reinstated the adenovirus vaccine in October 2011. Second, San Diego provides the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine to all recruits within the first 2 days of arrival, although Parris Island does not routinely vaccinate for Streptococcus pneumoniae...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289496/surgical-treatment-of-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-pulmonary-thromboendarterectomy
#11
Michael M Madani
Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE), also referred to as pulmonary endarterectomy, is the definitive treatment for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). The true incidence of CTEPH is unknown and difficult to ascertain; however, most experts agree that approximately 4% to 5% of all patients who have an acute episode of pulmonary embolism (PE) will continue to develop CTEPH. Based on an incidence rate of about 0.1% for acute PE, this translates into a CTEPH incidence of approximately 10,000 to 15,000 annually in the United States alone...
October 2016: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288476/the-role-of-rho-rho-kinase-pathway-in-the-pathogenesis-of-cholesteatoma
#12
Mesut Yeşilova, Kemal Görür, Onur Ismi, Cengiz Özcan, Kansu Büyükafşar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of Rho/Rho-kinase pathway in the pathogenesis of cholesteatoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with cholesteatoma, who had gone mastoidectomies were enrolled in this prospective study. Cholesteatomas matrix (CM) and a piece of the external ear canal skin (EECS as control) were taken and transferred to the liquid nitrogen and kept at -86 °C for Rho A and Rho-kinase (ROCK) analysis with Western blotting and commercial ELISA kits (Cell Biolabs Inc...
April 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286527/interactive-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-modules-for-pediatric-residents
#13
Mindy K Ross, Ami Doshi, London Carrasca, Patricia Pian, JoAnne Auger, Amira Baker, James A Proudfoot, Mark S Pian
Background. There is a need for increased palliative care training during pediatric residency. Objective. In this pilot study, we created a comprehensive experiential model to teach palliative care skills to pediatric residents. Our Comfort Care Modules (CCMs) address pediatric palliative care (PPC) topics of breaking bad news, dyspnea, anxiety, pain management, and the dying child. We also evaluated a scoring system and gathered qualitative data. Methods. The CCMs are part of the University of California San Diego pediatric residency's second-year curriculum...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284258/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-among-persons-who-inject-drugs-in-san-diego-california
#14
R F Armenta, K M Collins, S A Strathdee, M A Bulterys, F Munoz, J Cuevas-Mota, P Chiles, R S Garfein
BACKGROUND: Persons who inject drugs (PWID) might be at increased risk for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and reactivation of latent tuberculous infection (LTBI) due to their injection drug use. OBJECTIVES: To determine prevalence and correlates of M. tuberculosis infection among PWID in San Diego, California, USA. METHODS: PWID aged 18 years underwent standardized interviews and serologic testing using an interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) for LTBI and rapid point-of-care assays for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283012/-evaluation-of-mascia-brunelli-rapid-antigen-test-in-the-diagnosis-of-group-a-streptococcal-pharyngitis
#15
Ayşe Barış, Nur Anlıaçık, Mehmet Emin Bulut, Rıdvan Deniz, Elif Yücel, Elif Aktaş
Pharyngitis in most cases is due to viral microorganisms however drug therapy without the detection of etiological agent leads to unnecessary use of antibiotics. On the other hand, when the etiologic agent is group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (GAS) it is important to identify the etiologic agent rapidly which will guide the treatment with appropriate antibiotics. The use of highly sensitive rapid tests will contribute significantly to early diagnosis and appropriate therapy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of Mascia Brunelli rapid antigen test for the detection of GAS in throat swab samples...
January 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267758/whole-genome-analysis-of-mycobacteria-from-birds-at-the-san-diego-zoo
#16
Wayne Pfeiffer, Josephine Braun, Jennifer Burchell, Carmel L Witte, Bruce A Rideout
METHODS: Mycobacteria isolated from more than 100 birds diagnosed with avian mycobacteriosis at the San Diego Zoo and its Safari Park were cultured postmortem and had their whole genomes sequenced. Computational workflows were developed and applied to identify the mycobacterial species in each DNA sample, to find single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) between samples of the same species, to further differentiate SNPs between as many as three different genotypes within a single sample, and to identify which samples are closely clustered genomically...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265806/the-role-of-social-influences-on-pro-environment-behaviors-in-the-san-diego-region
#17
Mica Estrada, P Wesley Schultz, Nilmini Silva-Send, Michel A Boudrias
From a social psychological perspective, addressing the threats of climate change involves not only education, which imparts objective facts upon a passive individual, but also a socializing process. The Tripartite Integration Model of Social Influence (TIMSI) provides a theoretical framework that connects acquiring climate change knowledge with integration into a community, which results in greater engagement in climate friendly behaviors. Survey data were collected from 1000 residents in San Diego County...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264721/densitometric-and-local-histogram-based-analysis-of-computed-tomography-images-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#18
Samuel Y Ash, Rola Harmouche, Diego Lassala Lopez Vallejo, Julian A Villalba, Kris Ostridge, River Gunville, Carolyn E Come, Jorge Onieva Onieva, James C Ross, Gary M Hunninghake, Souheil Y El-Chemaly, Tracy J Doyle, Pietro Nardelli, Gonzalo V Sanchez-Ferrero, Hilary J Goldberg, Ivan O Rosas, Raul San Jose Estepar, George R Washko
BACKGROUND: Prior studies of clinical prognostication in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) using computed tomography (CT) have often used subjective analyses or have evaluated quantitative measures in isolation. This study examined associations between both densitometric and local histogram based quantitative CT measurements with pulmonary function test (PFT) parameters and mortality. In addition, this study sought to compare risk prediction scores that incorporate quantitative CT measures with previously described systems...
March 7, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264254/a-second-new-species-of-i-nanophyllium-i-redtenbacher-1906-from-the-northern-coast-of-new-guinea-phasmida-phylliidae
#19
Royce T Cumming
A new species of leaf insect, Nanophyllium larssoni n. sp. is described and illustrated bringing the known species in the genus to a total of six. Like all species of Nanophyllium Redtenbacher, 1906, the new species is named from a single male specimen, which is deposited in the San Diego Natural History Museum. With this newly identified species, two clear species-groups emerge and are described, in detail, in the species key. Measurements of anatomical figures were made to the nearest 0.1 mm.
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260245/sexuality-and-hiv-education-in-charter-schools-an-exploratory-study-with-principals-in-san-diego-county-california
#20
Eric R Walsh-Buhi, Brandon Dao, Linda Salgin, James Marshall, Rachel Miller, Doug Fisher, Margaret Walsh-Buhi
BACKGROUND: Schools can address critical sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues among youth. However, little is known about SRH education being implemented in charter schools. Thus, our purpose was to explore implementation of SRH education in charter schools. METHODS: Using purposive sampling, semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with 20 charter school principals in San Diego County, California. Questions were guided by the Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Public Secondary School Principals...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
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