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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426353/potential-risks-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-among-persons-who-inject-drugs
#1
Alexis M Roth, John Rossi, Jesse L Goldshear, Quan Truong, Richard F Armenta, Stephen E Lankenau, Richard S Garfein, Janie Simmons
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA)-which often involves brief surveys delivered via mobile technology-has transformed our understanding of the individual and contextual micro-processes associated with legal and illicit drug use. However, little empirical research has focused on participant's perspective on the probability and magnitude of potential risks in EMA studies. OBJECTIVES: To garner participant perspectives on potential risks common to EMA studies of illicit drug use...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423145/brief-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-anxiety-and-depression-in-primary-care-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
V Robin Weersing, David A Brent, Michelle S Rozenman, Araceli Gonzalez, Megan Jeffreys, John F Dickerson, Frances L Lynch, Giovanna Porta, Satish Iyengar
Importance: Anxiety and depression affect 30% of youth but are markedly undertreated compared with other mental disorders, especially in Hispanic populations. Objective: To examine whether a pediatrics-based behavioral intervention targeting anxiety and depression improves clinical outcome compared with referral to outpatient community mental health care. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 2-center randomized clinical trial with masked outcome assessment conducted between brief behavioral therapy (BBT) and assisted referral to care (ARC) studied 185 youths (aged 8...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407025/relationships-between-temperaments-occupational-stress-and-insomnia-among-japanese-workers
#3
Yasuhiko Deguchi, Shinichi Iwasaki, Hideyuki Ishimoto, Koichiro Ogawa, Yuichi Fukuda, Tomoko Nitta, Tomoe Mitake, Yukako Nogi, Koki Inoue
Insomnia among workers reduces the quality of life, contributes toward the economic burden of healthcare costs and losses in work performance. The relationship between occupational stress and insomnia has been reported in previous studies, but there has been little attention to temperament in occupational safety and health research. The aim of this study was to clarify the relationships between temperament, occupational stress, and insomnia. The subjects were 133 Japanese daytime local government employees...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406058/the-migrant-border-crossing-study-a-methodological-overview-of-research-along-the-sonora-arizona-border
#4
Daniel E Martínez, Jeremy Slack, Kraig Beyerlein, Prescott Vandervoet, Kristin Klingman, Paola Molina, Shiras Manning, Melissa Burham, Kylie Walzak, Kristen Valencia, Lorenzo Gamboa
Increased border enforcement efforts have redistributed unauthorized Mexican migration to the United States (US) away from traditional points of crossing, such as San Diego and El Paso, and into more remote areas along the US-Mexico border, including southern Arizona. Yet relatively little quantitative scholarly work exists examining Mexican migrants' crossing, apprehension, and repatriation experiences in southern Arizona. We contend that if scholars truly want to understand the experiences of unauthorized migrants in transit, such migrants should be interviewed either at the border after being removed from the US, or during their trajectories across the border, or both...
April 13, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400247/quality-of-life-dyspnea-and-functional-exercise-capacity-following-a-first-episode-of-pulmonary-embolism-results-of-the-elope-cohort-study
#5
Susan R Kahn, Arash Akaberi, John T Granton, David R Anderson, Philip S Wells, Marc A Rodger, Susan Solymoss, Michael J Kovacs, Lawrence Rudski, Avi Shimony, Carole Dennie, Chris Rush, Paul Hernandez, Shawn D Aaron, Andrew M Hirsch
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate health-related quality of life (QOL), dyspnea and functional exercise capacity during the year following the diagnosis of a first episode of pulmonary embolism. METHODS: Prospective multicenter cohort study of 100 patients with acute pulmonary embolism recruited at 5 Canadian hospitals from 2010-2013. We measured the outcomes QOL (by SF-36 and PEmb-QOL measures), dyspnea (by the University of California San Diego Shortness of Breath Questionnaire (SOBQ)) and six-minute walk distance at Baseline, 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after acute pulmonary embolism...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398853/the-association-of-parental-caregiver-chronic-stress-with-youth-obesity-findings-from-the-study-of-latino-youth-and-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-sociocultural-ancillary-study
#6
Carmen R Isasi, Simin Hua, Molly Jung, Mercedes R Carnethon, Krista Perreira, Denise C Vidot, Christian R Salazar, Jessica L McCurley, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Linda Van Horn, Alan M Delamater, Maria M Llabre, Linda C Gallo
BACKGROUND: Prior studies indicate that chronic stress is associated with obesity in adults. However, whether parental/caregiver stress is associated with obesity in their offspring has not been widely examined in Hispanic/Latino populations. In this study, we evaluated the role of caregiver chronic stress on child obesity and whether home food environment or child lifestyle behaviors explained the association. METHODS: The study included a sample of Hispanic/Latino youth and their caregivers (n = 473) from the Study of Latinos (SOL) Youth study and the Hispanic Community Health Study/SOL Sociocultural Study, which enrolled children aged 8-16 years from four cities (Bronx, Chicago, Miami, and San Diego), and provided assessments of adult chronic stress...
March 1, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395070/health-care-decisions-among-mental-health-services-consumers-in-san-diego-county-implications-for-integrated-care
#7
Elizabeth Siantz, Benjamin Henwood, Zhun Xu, Andrew Sarkin, Todd Gilmer
People living with serious mental illness are at elevated risk for chronic diseases compared with those in the general population. Whether integrated care for this population would be most accessible in primary care or mental health settings is unclear. The cross-sectional study described in this article used descriptive analyses and multinomial logistic regression to assess factors associated with using physical health services from primary or mental health providers. Data were drawn from a large-scale assessment of client-reported use of primary care services in a large and ethnically diverse public mental health system...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390070/characterization-of-the-fecal-bacterial-microbiota-of-healthy-and-diarrheic-dairy-calves
#8
D E Gomez, L G Arroyo, M C Costa, L Viel, J S Weese
BACKGROUND: Neonatal diarrhea accounts for more than 50% of total deaths in dairy calves. Few population-based studies of cattle have investigated how the microbiota is impacted during diarrhea. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the fecal microbiota and predict the functional potential of the microbial communities in healthy and diarrheic calves. METHODS: Fifteen diarrheic calves between the ages of 1 and 30 days and 15 age-matched healthy control calves were enrolled from 2 dairy farms...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387975/insular-and-cingulate-attenuation-during-decision-making-is-associated-with-future-transition-to-stimulant-use-disorder
#9
Jennifer L Stewart, Mamona Butt, April C May, Susan F Tapert, Martin P Paulus
AIMS: To understand processes placing individuals at risk for stimulant (amphetamine and cocaine) use disorder. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: University of California, San Diego Department of Psychiatry, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Occasional stimulant users (OSU; n = 184) underwent a baseline clinical interview and a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) session. On the basis of a follow-up clinical interview completed three years later, OSU (n = 147) were then categorized as problem stimulant users (PSU: n = 36; those who developed stimulant use disorders in the interim) or desisted stimulant users (DSU: n = 74; those who stopped using)...
April 7, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386295/highlights-from-the-58th-meeting-of-the-american-society-of-haematology-1-6-december-2016-san-diego-usa
#10
Luca Mazzarella
The recent 58th Annual American Society of Haematology (ASH) meeting held in San Diego shed light on the usual mixture of groundbreaking basic and translational science and the recent practice-changing clinical trials. Recurrent themes this year were the use of recent next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques to perfect prognostic stratification and disease monitoring. Newer prospects on the role of metabolism in normal and malignant haemopoiesis and mature data on long-awaited trials on immunotherapy and CAR-T cells in lymphoid neoplasms were also discussed...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380360/the-mutational-landscape-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-multiple-myeloma
#11
Yuji Mishima, Bruno Paiva, Jiantao Shi, Jihye Park, Salomon Manier, Satoshi Takagi, Mira Massoud, Adriana Perilla-Glen, Yosra Aljawai, Daisy Huynh, Aldo M Roccaro, Antonio Sacco, Marzia Capelletti, Alexandre Detappe, Diego Alignani, Kenneth C Anderson, Nikhil C Munshi, Felipe Prosper, Jens G Lohr, Gavin Ha, Samuel S Freeman, Eliezer M Van Allen, Viktor A Adalsteinsson, Franziska Michor, Jesus F San Miguel, Irene M Ghobrial
The development of sensitive and non-invasive "liquid biopsies" presents new opportunities for longitudinal monitoring of tumor dissemination and clonal evolution. The number of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is prognostic in multiple myeloma (MM), but there is little information on their genetic features. Here, we have analyzed the genomic landscape of CTCs from 29 MM patients, including eight cases with matched/paired bone marrow (BM) tumor cells. Our results show that 100% of clonal mutations in patient BM were detected in CTCs and that 99% of clonal mutations in CTCs were present in BM MM...
April 4, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379785/voluntarily-reported-immunization-registry-data-reliability-and-feasibility-to-predict-immunization-rates-san-diego-california-2013
#12
Zachary J Madewell, Robert B Wester, Wendy W Wang, Tyler C Smith, K Michael Peddecord, Jessica Morris, Heidi DeGuzman, Mark H Sawyer, Eric C McDonald
OBJECTIVES: Accurate data on immunization coverage levels are essential to public health program planning. Reliability of coverage estimates derived from immunization information systems (IISs) in states where immunization reporting by medical providers is not mandated by the state may be compromised by low rates of participation. To overcome this problem, data on coverage rates are often acquired through random-digit-dial telephone surveys, which require substantial time and resources...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378246/engagement-in-care-of-high-risk-hepatitis-c-patients-with-interferon-free-direct-acting-antiviral-therapies
#13
John B Dever, Julie H Ducom, Ariel Ma, Joseph Nguyen, Lin Liu, Ann Herrin, Erik J Groessl, Samuel B Ho
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The extent to which hepatitis C (HCV) treatment uptake is improved following introduction of interferon-free direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatments is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine HCV patient engagement and barriers to care for accessing DAA treatments in a real-world setting. METHODS: Patients with HCV viremia at high risk for fibrosis were identified using the Veterans Affairs (VA) registry within San Diego's VA in October 2014...
April 4, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375502/pro-prevention-of-acute-kidney-injury-time-for-teamwork-and-new-biomarkers
#14
Claudio Ronco, Lilia Rizo-Topete, Mara Serrano-Soto, Kianoush Kashani
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common condition in critically ill patients. Multiple studies have identified AKI as a strong independent risk factor for higher morbidity and mortality. AKI is often multifactorial, asymptomatic and difficult to predict. In recent years, the discovery of several AKI biomarkers, including the recent validation and approval of cell cycle arrest biomarkers (NephroCheck, Astute Medical, San Diego, CA, USA), has provided additional tools to detect patients at high risk of AKI and improve their outcomes...
March 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373804/comorbidity-of-adult-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-in-bipolar-and-unipolar-patients
#15
Hatice Harmanci, Feryal Çam Çelikel, İlker Etikan
INTRODUCTION: The co-occurrence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in affective disorder patients is considerably high. The aims of the present study were to search for the frequency and impact of ADHD co-occurrence on the clinical features of affective disorders and to examine the relationship between the dominant affective temperaments and ADHD. METHODS: In total, 100 patients with bipolar disorder (BD), 100 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), and 100 healthy controls (HC) were included...
September 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372587/the-evidence-based-practice-attitude-scale-36-ebpas-36-a-brief-and-pragmatic-measure-of-attitudes-to-evidence-based-practice-validated-in-us-and-norwegian-samples
#16
Marte Rye, Elisa M Torres, Oddgeir Friborg, Ingunn Skre, Gregory A Aarons
BACKGROUND: Short and valid instruments for measuring factors facilitating or hindering implementation efforts are called for. This article describes (1) the adaptation of a shorter version of the Evidence-based Practice Attitude Scale (EBPAS-50 items), and (2) the psychometric properties of the shortened version in both US and Norwegian data. METHODS: The US participants were mental health service providers (N = 418) recruited from clinics providing mental health services in San Diego County, California...
April 4, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365122/derivation-and-genome-wide-association-study-of-a-principal-component-based-measure-of-heat-tolerance-in-dairy-cattle
#17
N P P Macciotta, S Biffani, U Bernabucci, N Lacetera, A Vitali, P Ajmone-Marsan, A Nardone
Heat stress represents a key factor that negatively affects the productive and reproductive performance of farm animals. In the present work, a new measure of tolerance to heat stress for dairy cattle was developed using principal component analysis. Data were from 590,174 test-day records for milk yield, fat and protein percentages, and somatic cell score of 39,261 Italian Holstein cows. Test-day records adjusted for main systematic factors were grouped into 11 temperature-humidity index (THI) classes. Daughter trait deviations (DTD) were calculated for 1,540 bulls as means of the adjusted test-day records for each THI class...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360930/performance-of-new-adjustments-to-the-triss-equation-model-in-developed-and-developing-countries
#18
Cristiane de Alencar Domingues, Raul Coimbra, Renato Sérgio Poggetti, Lilia de Souza Nogueira, Regina Marcia Cardoso Sousa
BACKGROUND: The Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) has been criticized for being based on data from the USA and Canada-high-income countries-and therefore, it may not be applicable to low-income and middle-income countries. The present study evaluated the accuracy of three adjustments to the TRISS equation model (NTRISS-like; TRISS SpO2; NTRISS-like SpO2) in a high-income and a middle-income country to compare their performance when derived and applied to different groups. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of trauma patients admitted to two institutions: a university medical center in São Paulo, Brazil (a middle-income country), and a level 1 university trauma center in San Diego, USA (a high-income country)...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360804/affective-temperament-profiles-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-association-with-mood-disorders
#19
Adile Özkan, Kürşat Altinbaş, Emine Rabia Koç, Halil Murat Şen, Handan Işın Özişik Karaman
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to screen for bipolarity and to investigate the affective temperaments of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and the possible association between the clinical and demographic characteristics of MS patients and temperament profiles. METHODS: A total of 65 patients with MS and 66 healthy volunteers completed the 32-item hypomania checklist (HCl-32), the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ), and the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) tests...
December 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359166/leisure-time-physical-activity-and-characteristics-of-social-network-support-for-exercise-among-latinas
#20
Sandra H Soto, Elva M Arredondo, Jessica Haughton, Holly Shakya
PURPOSE: To examine the association between characteristics of social support for exercise and moderate-to-vigorous leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among Latinas. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study used baseline data from a cluster randomized controlled trial. SETTING: The study was conducted in 16 churches located in San Diego County. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N = 436) were Latinas between 18 and 65 years old who did not self-report >150 minutes or did not exceed 250 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA per week measured by accelerometer...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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