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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147780/the-effect-of-removing-numerically-dominant-non-native-honey-bees-on-seed-set-of-a-native-plant
#1
Annika J Nabors, Henry J Cen, Keng-Lou J Hung, Joshua R Kohn, David A Holway
Pollination services are compromised by habitat destruction, land-use intensification, pesticides, and introduced species. How pollination services respond to such stressors depends on the capacity of pollinator assemblages to function in the face of environmental disruption. Here, we quantify how pollination services provided to a native plant change upon removal of the non-native, western honey bee (Apis mellifera)-a numerically dominant floral visitor in the native bee-rich ecosystems of southern California...
November 16, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140946/comparison-of-the-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-assay-with-tuberculin-skin-test-for-the-diagnosis-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-children
#2
Walter Dehority, Rolando M Viani, Maria Rosario G Araneta, Graciano Lopez, Stephen A Spector
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is facilitated by tuberculin skin testing (TST) or interferon-gamma release assays such as the QuantiFERON TB Gold In-Tube (QTF-GIT) assays. Limited data exist on the utility of interferon-gamma release assays in HIV-infected children, which may be falsely negative due to immunosuppression. METHODS: A cross-sectional study comparing TST to QTF-GIT for the diagnosis of suspected LTBI was performed in children in Tijuana, Mexico, and in San Diego, California...
December 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140870/a-retrospective-assessment-of-postoperative-bleeding-complications-in-anticoagulated-patients-following-mohs-micrographic-surgery
#3
Robert E Eilers, Alina Goldenberg, Natasha L Cowan, Pallavi Basu, Shang I Brian Jiang
BACKGROUND: A significant number of patients undergoing Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) for skin cancer are treated with oral anticoagulants. The incidence of postoperative complications associated with new classes of oral anticoagulants remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of postoperative complications in patients undergoing MMS on both traditional oral anticoagulants and new novel oral anticoagulants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective chart review was performed for all patients treated with oral anticoagulants who underwent MMS between July 1, 2012 and June 30, 2015 at University of California, San Diego...
November 14, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127672/responsible-conduct-of-human-subjects-research-in-islamic-communities
#4
Aceil Al-Khatib, Michael Kalichman
In order to increase understanding of the ethical implications of biomedical, behavioral and clinical research, the Fogarty International Center, part of the United States National Institutes of Health, established an International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Award (R25) to support programs in low- and middle-income countries. To develop research ethics expertise in Jordan, the University of California San Diego fellowship program in collaboration with Jordan University of Science and Technology provides courses that enable participants to develop skills in varied research ethics topics, including research with human subjects...
November 10, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125523/the-national-spina-bifida-patient-registry-past-present-and-future
#5
Judy Thibadeau
"The National Spina Bifida Patient Registry: Past, Present, and Future" was presented at the Spina Bifida World Congress, March 17, 2017, San Diego, California. This commentary provides a summary of registry activities including the reason for development, a description of the clinic participants and their patients who are participating, analytic works and publications. Two specific efforts that are related to the work of the registry, a urologic protocol to preserve renal function for newborns and young children, and a skin breakdown prevention bundle developed and implemented in registry clinics, are highlighted...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121813/long-term-outcomes-after-arthroscopic-single-bundle-reconstruction-of-the-posterior-cruciate-ligament-a-7-year-follow-up-study
#6
Rui Wang, Bin Xu, Lei Wu, Honggang Xu
Objective Arthroscopy is the most popular technique in posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction surgery. However, no consensus on long-term outcomes after arthroscopic PCL reconstruction has been reached. This study was performed to evaluate the long-term outcomes after arthroscopic autologous hamstring or allogeneic tendon single-bundle reconstruction of the PCL. Methods Fifty-eight patients who underwent arthroscopic PCL reconstruction in Anhui, China from 2007 to 2009 were included. The follow-up period ranged from 56 to 83 months...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107211/cyclothymic-temperament-and-glucose-metabolism-in-the-right-superior-parietal-lobule
#7
Koji Hatano, Takeshi Terao, Hirofumi Hirakawa, Kentaro Kohno, Yoshinori Mizokami, Nobuyoshi Ishii
Cyclothymic temperament possesses a central dimension that includes rapid fluctuations in mood and emotional instability, and it is regarded as a prodromal state of bipolar disorder. The aim of the present study is to explore the neural correlates of cyclothymic temperament. We used the data of 55 healthy participants in our previous study and analyzed the association between cyclothymic temperament scores rated by the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) and the uptake of [(18)F]-FDG measured by positron emission tomography (PET)...
October 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103960/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-peripapillary-choroidal-thinning-in-healthy-and-glaucoma-subjects
#8
Rusdeep S Mundae, Linda M Zangwill, Sami Kabbara, Naama Hammel, Christopher Bowd, Felipe Medeiros, Christopher A Girkin, Jeffrey M Liebmann, Robert N Weinreb, Akram Belghith
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate of peripapillary choroidal thinning in glaucoma patients and healthy controls using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). DESIGN: Cohort study METHODS: Participants from the multicenter African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES) and Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study (DIGS) were included. The San Diego Automated Segmentation Algorithm (SALSA) was used to automatically segment and measure peripapillary choroidal thickness (PCT) from circle scans centered on the optic nerve head...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098171/the-mars-science-laboratory-msl-mast-cameras-and-descent-imager-investigation-and-instrument-descriptions
#9
Michal C Malin, Michael A Ravine, Michael A Caplinger, F Tony Ghaemi, Jacob A Schaffner, Justin N Maki, James F Bell, James F Cameron, William E Dietrich, Kenneth S Edgett, Laurence J Edwards, James B Garvin, Bernard Hallet, Kenneth E Herkenhoff, Ezat Heydari, Linda C Kah, Mark T Lemmon, Michelle E Minitti, Timothy S Olson, Timothy J Parker, Scott K Rowland, Juergen Schieber, Ron Sletten, Robert J Sullivan, Dawn Y Sumner, R Aileen Yingst, Brian M Duston, Sean McNair, Elsa H Jensen
The Mars Science Laboratory Mast camera and Descent Imager investigations were designed, built, and operated by Malin Space Science Systems of San Diego, CA. They share common electronics and focal plane designs but have different optics. There are two Mastcams of dissimilar focal length. The Mastcam-34 has an f/8, 34 mm focal length lens, and the M-100 an f/10, 100 mm focal length lens. The M-34 field of view is about 20° × 15° with an instantaneous field of view (IFOV) of 218 μrad; the M-100 field of view (FOV) is 6...
August 2017: Earth and Space Science (Hoboken, N.J.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095194/liposomal-bupivacaine-may-benefit-select-reduction-mammaplasty-patients
#10
Shana S Kalaria, Stefanos Boukovalas, Pablo L Padilla, Jacquelynn P Tran, Ramon T Li, Linda G Phillips
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain control can be challenging in reduction mammaplasty patients. This study compares perioperative liposomal bupivacaine (Exparel; Pacira Pharmaceuticals, Inc, San Diego, Calif) with standard local anesthetics to determine if liposomal bupivacaine decreases opioid and antiemetic use, impacting length of stay and complication rates, thus improving patient outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review of 170 reduction mammaplasty patients was performed...
October 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084087/salsalate-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-psychopathology-and-cognition-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-pilot-study
#11
Yanli Luo, Fang Liu, Radhika Natarajan, Nawras Shukair, Paul Copeland, Xiaoduo Fan
This pilot study examined the effect of adjunctive salsalate on psychopathology and cognition in patients with schizophrenia. This was a 12-week, open-label trial of salsalate (1.5 g, twice per day) in patients with schizophrenia. Psychopathology, cognition, and daily function were assessed at baseline and week 12 using various rating scales. Blood levels of inflammatory markers including white blood cell count, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and interleukin-6 levels were also measured. Eight patients completed the study...
October 27, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081718/who-is-influencing-whom-latino-parent-child-request-interactions-and-product-purchases-in-food-retail-environments
#12
Iana A Castro, Joanna Calderon, Guadalupe X Ayala
This study examines Latino parent-child interactions about foods and beverages requested in food retail environments in San Diego, CA. It seeks to extend our understanding of parent-child request interactions and purchases by studying how the number of product request interactions and purchases differ based on four factors that have been understudied in previous parent-child interaction research: parent gender, child gender, product healthfulness, and who initiated the request interaction (parent or child)...
June 2017: Social Marketing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077075/examination-of-the-relationship-between-in-store-environmental-factors-and-fruit-and-vegetable-purchasing-among-hispanics
#13
Jennifer Sanchez-Flack, Julie L Pickrel, George Belch, Shih-Fan Lin, Cheryl A M Anderson, Maria Elena Martinez, Elva M Arredondo, Guadalupe X Ayala
Retail food environments have received attention for their influence on dietary behaviors and for their nutrition intervention potential. To improve diet-related behaviors, such as fruit and vegetable (FV) purchasing, it is important to examine its relationship with in-store environmental characteristics. This study used baseline data from the "El Valor de Nuestra Salud" study to examine how in-store environmental characteristics, such as product availability, placement and promotion, were associated with FV purchasing among Hispanic customers in San Diego County...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074030/reliable-rapid-assay-for-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-in%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-emergency-department
#14
Sean P Wilson, Taher Vohra, Jared Goldberg, Christopher Price, Sean Calo, Meredith Mahan, Joseph Miller
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) are common sexually transmitted infections seen in the emergency department (ED). Due to an inability to reliably make accurate diagnosis by physical examination, concern for unreliable follow-up, and current delays in diagnostic nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT), presumptive treatment active against CT and NG, as described by Centers for Disease Control clinical practice guidelines, is often performed. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether a rapid, urine NAAT performed in the ED is noninferior in its diagnostic sensitivity compared with a traditional, swab NAAT assay...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073788/affective-temperaments-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-period-a-click-to-hyperthymic-temperament
#15
Esra Yazici, Hilal Uslu Yuvaci, Ahmet Bulent Yazici, Arif Serhan Cevrioglu, Atila Erol
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and postpartum periods are the main reproductive periods during which women experience mood disorders. Affective temperaments are known antecedents of mood disorders and their importance is increasing in time for early diagnosis and determining risky groups. But data about affective temperaments during perinatal period is limited. METHODS: Women during pregnancy and perinatal period and healthy controls who are not in perinatal period are included in the study...
October 26, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068696/usefulness-of-the-university-of-california-san-diego-performance-based-skills-assessment-for-the-evaluation-of-cognitive-function-and-activities-of-daily-living-function-in-patients-with-cognitive-impairment
#16
Dong-Wook Jeon, Hyun-Bin Ju, Do-Un Jung, Sung-Jin Kim, Joo-Cheol Shim, Jung-Joon Moon, You-Na Kim
OBJECTIVES: To assess the usefulness of the University of California San Diego Performance-Based Skills Assessment (UPSA) as a new diagnostic method and tool for the assessment of cognitive function and activities of daily living function in patients with cognitive impairment. METHOD: In total, 35 patients with cognitive impairment and 35 healthy controls were recruited for this study. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR), and Global Deterioration Scale (GDS) were used for the evaluation of cognitive function, while the Barthel Activities of Daily Living Index (BADL), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Index (IADL), and UPSA were used for the evaluation of activities of daily living function...
October 25, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067736/rcsb-protein-data-bank-sustaining-a-living-digital-data-resource-that-enables-breakthroughs-in-scientific-research-and-biomedical-education
#17
Stephen K Burley, Helen M Berman, Cole Christie, Jose Duarte, Zukang Feng, John Westbrook, Jasmine Young, Christine Zardecki
The Protein Data Bank (PDB) is one of two archival resources for experimental data central to biomedical research and education worldwide (the other key Primary Data Archive in biology being the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration). The PDB currently houses >134,000 atomic level biomolecular structures determined by crystallography, NMR spectroscopy, and 3D electron microscopy. It was established in 1971 as the first open-access, digital-data resource in the biology, and is managed by the Worldwide Protein Data Bank partnership (wwPDB; wwpdb...
October 25, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064605/29th-annual-meeting-of-the-wound-healing-society-sawc-spring-whs-joint-meeting-san-diego-convention-center-san-diego-california-usa-april-5-9-2017
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064344/low-infection-related-re-admission-rates-in-a-retrospective-of-4725-children-with-appendicitis-using-a-clinical-pathway-in-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-center
#19
Nikolas E Marino, Kate Davenport, Mary Hilfiker, Simone Langness, Timothy Fairbanks, Erin Stucky Fisher, Robert Newbury, Allyson Andrews, Alan Wells, Juan D Chaparro, John S Bradley
BACKGROUND: Standardization of antibiotic management of appendicitis in tertiary care pediatric centers has been associated with improved outcomes. Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego implemented an appendicitis clinical pathway in 2005. We evaluated infection-related re-admission risk factors since 2010, when an electronic medical record was established, with the aim to optimize the clinical pathway. METHODS: Between January 2010 and August 2015, 4725 children with a diagnosis of appendicitis were evaluated for demographic data, pathology diagnoses, culture results, and inpatient and oral step-down antibiotic therapy regimens...
October 24, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062487/challenges-in-the-identification-of-chryseobacterium-indologenes-and-elizabethkingia-meningoseptica-in-cases-of-nosocomial-infections-and-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#20
É B de Carvalho Filho, F A L Marson, C E Levy
Rare nonfermenting Gram-negative bacilli, such as Chryseobacterium indologenes and Elizabethkingia meningoseptica, have clinical importance in nosocomial infections and cystic fibrosis (CF), and their identification is a challenge to microbiology laboratories. Thus, the objective of this study was to verify the performance of phenotypic and mass spectrometry (matrix-assisted desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry, MALDI-TOF MS) methods to identify C. indologenes and E. meningoseptica. In this context, the results obtained with phenotypic methods-namely manual biochemical and automated VITEK 2 (bioMérieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France) and Phoenix tests (Becton Dickinson (BD), San Diego, CA, USA)-and by MALDI-TOF MS-namely MALDI-TOF VITEK MS (MALDI-MS; bioMérieux) and MALDI-TOF BioTyper (MALDI-BD; BD)-of 22 isolates (blood cultures of patients with nosocomial infection (n = 15) and from patients with CF (n = 7)), initially identified as C...
November 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
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