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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635984/anxiety-and-depression-associated-with-burden-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-brain-metastases
#1
Marlon G Saria, Natasia S Courchesne, Lorraine Evangelista, Joshua L Carter, Daniel A MacManus, Mary Kay Gorman, Adeline M Nyamathi, Linda R Phillips, David E Piccioni, Santosh Kesari, Sally L Maliski
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe and examine the relationship between caregiver burden and the affective disorders anxiety and depression in caregivers of patients with brain metastases.
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational.
. SETTING: Moores Cancer Center at the University of California, San Diego. 
. SAMPLE: 56 family caregivers of patients with brain metastases from solid tumors at other primary sites...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623861/level-of-acceptance-of-islet-cell-and-kidney-xenotransplants-by-personnel-of-hospitals-with-and-without-experience-in-clinical-xenotransplantation
#2
Adrian Abalovich, Shinichi Matsumoto, Carlos J Wechsler, Mariana E Carulla, Martín E Siciliano, Daniel Sznaider, Joachim Denner, Robert B Elliott
BACKGROUND: Recently, significant progress in both safety and efficacy has been achieved in the field of xenotransplantation, as exemplified by results from the first clinical trials of porcine islet transplantation. It would be of interest to learn whether the attitude of the clinical staff involved in such trials changes as the trials are carried out in their own hospital. METHODS: One hundred and four clinical staff members from the Eva Peron Hospital of San Martin (Buenos Aires, Argentina) where clinical trials of islet xenotransplantation have been performed and 92 similar staff members from the Diego Thompson Hospital (Buenos Aires, Argentina) where no such xenotransplantation has been carried out participated in the study...
June 17, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622097/evolution-of-cytokines-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-during-infliximab-induction-therapy-and-the-impact-of-inflammatory-burden-on-primary-response-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#3
Thomas Billiet, Isabelle Cleynen, Vera Ballet, Karolien Claes, Fred Princen, Sharat Singh, Marc Ferrante, Gert Van Assche, Ann Gils, Severine Vermeire
OBJECTIVE: Primary non-response to infliximab in Crohn's disease is still incompletely understood. Our aim was to further characterize the role of inflammatory burden during infliximab induction therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied a well-characterized cohort of 201 anti-TNF naive Crohn's disease patients treated with infliximab 5mg/kg at week 0, 2, 6 and 14 who had serum samples drawn just before every infusion. All serum samples were analyzed for CRP, albumin, TNF, IFN-γ, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, infliximab trough concentrations (in-house-developed ELISA) and antibodies to infliximab (HMSA, Prometheus Laboratories Inc...
June 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621224/hypermethylation-of-adjacent-cpg-sites-is-negatively-correlated-with-the-expression-of-lineage-oncogene-ascl1-in-pulmonary-neuroendocrine-tumors
#4
Nhung Truong, Sung Min Chun, Tae Im Kim, Young Ah Suh, Se Jin Jang
Achaete-scute homolog 1 is a lineage oncogene of high-grade pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors. Due to the relatively few studies investigating the epigenetic regulation of achaete-scute homolog 1 expression, we wanted to address whether DNA methylation of the achaete-scute homolog 1 CpG island is associated with clinicopathological features in pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors and to investigate its effect on the expression of this gene. Here, We performed multiplex immunohistochemistry (PerkinElmer, Waltham, MA, USA) to check for achaete-scute homolog 1 and Notch homolog 1 expression in 139 pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor samples...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621180/interview-with-derek-connolly
#5
Derek Leslie Connolly
Dr Derek Connolly speaks to Adam Price-Evans, Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology: Derek Leslie Connolly is a Consultant Interventional Cardiologist at Birmingham City Hospital (UK). He qualified from the University of Edinburgh (UK) summa cum laude in Pharmacology in 1985 and in Medicine in 1988 where he was the Brunton Medalist. As a Carnegie scholar at the University of California San Diego (CA, USA) he saw the early promise of angioplasty and changed his career plan from cardiac surgery to coronary intervention...
June 16, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618818/passive-bottom-reflection-loss-estimation-using-ship-noise-and-a-vertical-line-array
#6
Lanfranco Muzi, Martin Siderius, Christopher M Verlinden
An existing technique for passive bottom-loss estimation from natural marine surface noise (generated by waves and wind) is adapted to use noise generated by ships. The original approach-based on beamforming of the noise field recorded by a vertical line array of hydrophones-is retained; however, additional processing is needed in order for the field generated by a passing ship to show features that are similar to those of the natural surface-noise field. A necessary requisite is that the ship position, relative to the array, varies over as wide a range of steering angles as possible, ideally passing directly over the array to ensure coverage of the steepest angles...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615770/the-mood-spectrum-and-temperamental-instability-in-unipolar-and-bipolar-disorder
#7
Manish Kumar, Pradeep Kumar Saha, Anwesha Mondal
BACKGROUND: The current categorical split of mood disorders in bipolar (BP) disorders and depressive disorders has recently been questioned. The presence of a significant number of manic/hypomanic symptoms in patients with recurrent unipolar depression seems to challenge the traditional dichotomy of unipolar-BP disorder. Two highly unstable personality features, i.e., the cyclothymic temperament (CT) and borderline personality disorder, have been found to be more common in BP disorder than in major depressive disorder...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613924/spirometry-reference-equations-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#8
Lisa LaVange, Sonia M Davis, John Hankinson, Paul Enright, Rebbecca Wilson, R Graham Barr, Thomas K Aldrich, Ravi Kalhan, Hector Lemus, Ai Ni, Lewis J Smith, Gregory A Talavera
RATIONALE: Accurate reference values for spirometry are important, as the results are used for diagnosing common chronic lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, estimating physiological impairment, and predicting all-cause mortality. Reference equations have been established for Mexican Americans but not for other Hispanic/Latino backgrounds. OBJECTIVES: To develop spirometry reference equations for adult Hispanic/Latino background groups in the United States...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611016/how-do-you-relax-when-you-re-stressed-a-content-analysis-and-infodemiology-study-of-stress-related-tweets
#9
Son Doan, Amanda Ritchart, Nicholas Perry, Juan D Chaparro, Mike Conway
BACKGROUND: Stress is a contributing factor to many major health problems in the United States, such as heart disease, depression, and autoimmune diseases. Relaxation is often recommended in mental health treatment as a frontline strategy to reduce stress, thereby improving health conditions. Twitter is a microblog platform that allows users to post their own personal messages (tweets), including their expressions about feelings and actions related to stress and stress management (eg, relaxing)...
June 13, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606786/the-utility-of-the-reflux-symptom-index-for-diagnosis-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-in-an-allergy-patient-population
#10
David L Brauer, Kevin Y Tse, Jane C Lin, Michael X Schatz, Ronald A Simon
BACKGROUND: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is associated with asthma, vocal cord dysfunction, cough, postnasal drainage, and throat irritation. The Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) is a clinical tool to predict the presence of LPR, but a threshold RSI score has never been validated for the diagnosis of LPR in an allergic patient population. OBJECTIVE: To identify the optimal threshold RSI score predictive of LPR in an allergy clinic population. METHODS: The 9-question RSI questionnaire was administered to 84 patients in the Kaiser Permanente San Diego Allergy Department...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605301/cold-preparation-of-heroin-in-a-black-tar-market
#11
Alexis M Roth, Richard F Armenta, Karla D Wagner, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jesse L Goldshear, Jazmine Cuevas-Mota, Richard S Garfein
BACKGROUND: Black tar heroin is typically prepared for injection with heat which decreases the risk of HIV transmission by inactivating the virus. We received reports that persons who inject drugs (PWID) in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico, a black tar heroin market, were using only water to dissolve heroin. OBJECTIVES: Because Tijuana abuts San Diego County, CA, United States, we undertook the present analyses to determine the prevalence of this practice among PWID in San Diego, California...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604481/comparative-evaluation-of-2-nucleic-acid-amplification-tests-for-the-detection-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-at-extragenital-sites
#12
Claire C Bristow, Mark R McGrath, Adam C Cohen, Laura J Anderson, Kristie K Gordon, Jeffrey D Klausner
Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) infections are frequently asymptomatic, requiring highly accurate diagnostic tests and proper management to prevent further transmission. We compared two nucleic acid tests, Xpert® CT/NG (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA) point-of-care platform and at an offsite clinical laboratory with Aptima Combo 2® (Hologic, Inc., San Diego, CA) assay, for the detection of extragenital infection in patients at an STI clinic in Hollywood, CA.We calculated concordance between the two assays and used the exact binomial method to calculate 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each specimen type and pathogen...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601764/maternal-perchlorate-exposure-in-pregnancy-and-altered-birth-outcomes
#13
Rainbow Rubin, Michelle Pearl, Martin Kharrazi, Benjamin C Blount, Mark D Miller, Elizabeth N Pearce, Liza Valentin-Blasini, Gerald DeLorenze, Jane Liaw, Andrew N Hoofnagle, Craig Steinmaus
BACKGROUND: At high medicinal doses perchlorate is known to decrease the production of thyroid hormone, a critical factor for fetal development. In a large and uniquely exposed cohort of pregnant women, we recently identified associations between environmental perchlorate exposures and decreased maternal thyroid hormone during pregnancy. Here, we investigate whether perchlorate might be associated with birthweight or preterm birth in the offspring of these women. METHODS: Maternal urinary perchlorate, serum thyroid hormone concentrations, birthweight, gestational age, and urinary nitrate, thiocyanate, and iodide were collected in 1957 mother-infant pairs from San Diego County during 2000-2003, a period when the county's water supply was contaminated with perchlorate...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595435/a-fetal-diagnostic-center-s-referral-rate-for-perinatal-palliative-care
#14
Krishelle L Marc-Aurele, Andrew D Hull, Marilyn C Jones, Dolores H Pretorius
BACKGROUND: Fetal specialists support standardizing the practice of offering women palliative care for life limiting fetal diagnoses. However, there is little data available regarding what fetal specialists do in practice. Since 2003, our center has kept a database of all women referred for fetal complications. METHODS: Retrospective electronic chart review of pregnant women between 2006 and 2012 using UCSD's Fetal Care and Genetics Center referral database. Objectives were to determine: (I) how many high risk pregnancies referred to the University of California San Diego Medical Center (UCSD) over a 6-year period have potentially life limiting fetal diagnoses; (II) pregnancy outcome; and (III) referral rate to perinatal palliative care...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595355/risk-factors-associated-with-suicide-completions-among-us-enlisted-marines
#15
Christopher J Phillips, Cynthia A LeardMann, Kartavya J Vyas, Nancy F Crum-Cianflone, Martin R White
US enlisted Marines have experienced a substantial increase in suicide rates. We sought to identify risk factors for suicide completions among male Marines who entered basic training in San Diego, California, between June 2001 and October 2010. Suicides that occurred during active-duty military service were counted from June 1, 2001, through June 30, 2012. A total of 108,930 male Marines (66,286 deployers and 42,644 never deployed) were followed for 467,857 person-years of active-duty service time. Of the 790 deaths, 123 (15...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591167/genomic-analysis-of-stayability-in-nellore-cattle
#16
Daniela Barreto Amaral Teixeira, Gerardo Alves Fernandes Júnior, Danielly Beraldo Dos Santos Silva, Raphael Bermal Costa, Luciana Takada, Daniel Gustavo Mansan Gordo, Tiago Bresolin, Roberto Carvalheiro, Fernando Baldi, Lucia Galvão de Albuquerque
Stayability, which can be defined as the probability of a cow calving at a certain age when given the opportunity, is an important reproductive trait in beef cattle because it is directly related to herd profitability. The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters and to identify possible genomic regions associated with the phenotypic expression of stayability in Nellore cows. The variance components were estimated by Bayesian inference using a threshold animal model that included the systematic effects of contemporary group and sexual precocity and the random effects of animal and residual...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585873/a-simple-composite-metric-for-the-assessment-of-glycemic-status-from-continuous-glucose-monitoring-data-implications-for-clinical-practice-and-the-artificial-pancreas
#17
Irl B Hirsch, Andrew K Balo, Kevin Sayer, Arturo Garcia, Bruce A Buckingham, Thomas A Peyser
BACKGROUND: The potential clinical benefits of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) have been recognized for many years, but CGM is used by a small fraction of patients with diabetes. One obstacle to greater use of the technology is the lack of simplified tools for assessing glycemic control from CGM data without complicated visual displays of data. METHODS: We developed a simple new metric, the personal glycemic state (PGS), to assess glycemic control solely from continuous glucose monitoring data...
June 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562680/genome-wide-association-study-provides-strong-evidence-of-genes-affecting-the-reproductive-performance-of-nellore-beef-cows
#18
Thaise Pinto de Melo, Gregório Miguel Ferreira de Camargo, Lucia Galvão de Albuquerque, Roberto Carvalheiro
Reproductive traits are economically important for beef cattle production; however, these traits are still a bottleneck in indicine cattle since these animals typically reach puberty at older ages when compared to taurine breeds. In addition, reproductive traits are complex phenotypes, i.e., they are controlled by both the environment and many small-effect genes involved in different pathways. In this study, we conducted genome-wide association study (GWAS) and functional analyses to identify important genes and pathways associated with heifer rebreeding (HR) and with the number of calvings at 53 months of age (NC53) in Nellore cows...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558279/incidence-of-gastrointestinal-illness-following-wet-weather-recreational-exposures-harmonization-of-quantitative-microbial-risk-assessment-with-an-epidemiologic-investigation-of-surfers
#19
Jeffrey A Soller, Mary Schoen, Joshua A Steele, John F Griffith, Kenneth C Schiff
We modeled the risk of gastrointestinal (GI) illness associated with recreational exposures to marine water following storm events in San Diego County, California. We estimated GI illness risks via quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) techniques by consolidating site specific pathogen monitoring data of stormwater, site specific dilution estimates, literature-based water ingestion data, and literature based pathogen dose-response and morbidity information. Our water quality results indicated that human sources of contamination contribute viral and bacterial pathogens to streams draining an urban watershed during wet weather that then enter the ocean and affect nearshore water quality...
May 13, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558145/prevalence-of-vector-borne-pathogens-in-southern-california-dogs-with-clinical-and-laboratory-abnormalities-consistent-with-immune-mediated-disease
#20
L Kidd, B Qurollo, M Lappin, K Richter, J R Hart, S Hill, C Osmond, E B Breitschwerdt
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the prevalence of vector-borne pathogens in southern California dogs are limited. Occult infections might be misdiagnosed as idiopathic immune-mediated disease. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine the prevalence of vector-borne pathogens in southern California dogs with compatible clinical findings using PCR and serologic panels and (2) to determine whether testing convalescent samples and repeating PCR on acute samples using the same and different gene targets enhance detection...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
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