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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913085/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-and-rasmussen-like-syndrome-an-association
#1
Kevin Gurcharran, Shefali Karkare
BACKGROUND: N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is an immune-mediated condition that has a broad spectrum of manifestations, including seizures, coma, psychosis, and focal neurological deficits. Although usually a diffuse process, unihemispheric involvement mimicking early stages of Rasmussen encephalitis can occur. Rasmussen's encephalitis is a unique syndrome characterized by progressive hemiplegia, drug-resistant focal epilepsy, cognitive decline, and hemispheric brain atrophy contralateral to the hemiplegia...
October 11, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910806/epilepsia-partialis-continua-aetiology-semiology-and-prognosis-in-a-spanish-adult-cohort
#2
Helena Bejr-Kasem, Jacint Sala-Padró, Manuel Toledo, Estevo Santamarina, Silvana Sarria, Montserrat Gonzalez-Cuevas, María Sueiras-Gil, Manolo Quintana, Xavier Salas-Puig
To describe the semiological features in patients suffering with Epilepsia Partialis Continua (EPC), also referred as Kozhevnikov syndrome and their relationship with aetiology, duration, and prognosis, as well as recurrence during follow-up. We analysed consecutive EPC patients diagnosed and followed in our centre over a seven-and-a half year period. We collected demographic and clinical data, along with neuroimaging and EEG recordings. All patients were followed for more than six months. Patients were categorised with single body area or multiple body area involvement according to the body parts affected...
December 2, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790700/cognitive-deterioration-in-adult-epilepsy-clinical-characteristics-of-accelerated-cognitive-ageing
#3
L E M Breuer, E Grevers, P Boon, A Bernas, J W M Bergmans, R M H Besseling, D C W Klooster, A de Louw, R M C Mestrom, K Vonck, S Zinger, A P Aldenkamp
OBJECTIVES: "Epileptic dementia" is reported in adults with childhood-onset refractory epilepsy. Cognitive deterioration can also occur in a "second-hit model". MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied the clinical and neuropsychological characteristics of patients with cognitive deterioration (≥1 SD discrepancy between current IQ and premorbid IQ). Memory function, reaction time and processing speed were also evaluated. Analyses were performed to investigate which clinical characteristics correlated with cognitive deterioration...
October 28, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784487/-epilepsia-partialis-continua
#4
H Li, Z X Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742419/complex-i-deficiency-related-to-t10158c-mutation-nd3-gene-a-further-definition-of-the-clinical-spectrum
#5
Salvatore Grosso, Maria Alessandra Carluccio, Elena Cardaioli, Alfonso Cerase, Alessandro Malandrini, Chiara Romano, Antonio Federico, Maria Teresa Dotti
BACKGROUND: Complex I deficiency is the most common energy generation disorder which may clinically present at any age with a wide spectrum of symptoms and signs. The T10158C mutation ND3 gene is rare and occurs in patients showing an early rapid neurological deterioration invariably leading to death after a few months. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 9year-old boy with a mtDNA T10158C mutation showing a mild MELAS-like phenotype and brain MRI features congruent with both MELAS and Leigh syndrome...
October 11, 2016: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707529/antineuronal-nuclear-autoantibody-type-1-anti-hu-associated-opsoclonus-myoclonus-and-epilepsia-partialis-continua-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Michael Sweeney, Matthew Sweney, M Mateo Paz Soldán, Stacey L Clardy
BACKGROUND: Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome is a rare clinical condition that has been associated with neuroblastoma. There are few reported examples of ANNA-1/anti-Hu antibodies in children with neuroblastoma and opsoclonus-myoclonus, all in children aged less than three years of age. METHODS: We describe the new onset of focal seizures without alteration of consciousness and opsoclonus-myoclonus in an 11-year-old girl with ANNA-1/anti-Hu positivity and a paraspinal ganglioneuroblastoma...
December 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698564/epilepsia-partialis-continua-present-with-shoulder-joint-trunk-hip-joint-rhythmic-clonic-seizure-a-case-report
#7
Yudan Lv, Zan Wang, Fengna Chu, Chang Liu, Hongmei Meng
Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) is a particular type of epilepsy which is distinguished from "common epilepsy" by its characteristic semiological features. However, unusual manifestations should be described in order to give awareness at clinical diagnosis. In this case report we describe a rare EPC case not previously reported, in which left shoulder joint-trunk-hip joint jerk was present for 1 week. Abnormal electroencephalogram and cerebrospinal fluid results supported a diagnosis of viral encephalitis...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676968/validation-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-french-version-of-the-child-and-adolescent-scale-of-participation-casp-in-a-sample-of-children-with-acquired-brain-injury
#8
Marieke Chamberon, Corinne Catale, Bernadette Kerrouche, Hanna Touré, Anne Laurent-Vannier, Dominique Brugel, Emmanuelle Pineau-Chardon, Aude Mariller, Ouarda Benkhaled, Virginie Kieffer, Miriam Beauchamp, Mathilde Chevignard
OBJECTIVE: Childhood acquired brain injury (ABI) is the leading cause of acquired disability in childhood, with significant consequences on independence, academic achievement and participation. The "Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation" (CASP; Bedell 2004) has been specifically developed to assess participation following childhood ABI. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the French version of the Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, monocentric study...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667494/-nmda-glur-subunit-antibody-positive-encephalitis-a-clinical-analysis-of-five-cases
#9
Chikako Kaneko, Norshalena Shakespear, Mario Tuchiya, Jin Kubo, Teiji Yamamoto, Soichi Katayama, Yukitoshi Takahashi
Five consecutive cases of anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis that we encountered were marked by a rapidly fluctuating level of consciousness associated with psychotic and delirious mental states. Opisthotonus, catatonia, and rhythmic and non-rhythmic involuntary movements of the mouth and jaw were also characteristic features of these particular cases. Serious and potentially fatal problems included epilepsia partialis continua, partial and generalized seizures, and respiratory depression, resembling the symptoms of encephalitis lethargica...
September 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636327/mortality-following-status-epilepticus-in-persons-with-and-without-epilepsy
#10
Angela M Malek, Dulaney A Wilson, Gabriel U Martz, Braxton B Wannamaker, Janelle L Wagner, Gigi Smith, Jonathan C Edwards, Anbesaw W Selassie
PURPOSE: Incidence of status epilepticus (SE) ranges from 6.8 to 41.0 per 100,000 population. Although SE is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, the temporal relationship between SE, epilepsy, and mortality is less clear. The risk of all-cause mortality following SE with and without prior epilepsy was investigated. METHOD: This study identified hospitalizations and emergency department visits for persons with SE and persons with epilepsy between 2000 and 2013...
September 3, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586142/nkcc1-up-regulation-contributes-to-early-post-traumatic-seizures-and-increased-post-traumatic-seizure-susceptibility
#11
Fushun Wang, Xiaowei Wang, Lee A Shapiro, Maria L Cotrina, Weimin Liu, Ernest W Wang, Simeng Gu, Wei Wang, Xiaosheng He, Maiken Nedergaard, Jason H Huang
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is not only a leading cause for morbidity and mortality in young adults (Bruns and Hauser, Epilepsia 44(Suppl 10):210, 2003), but also a leading cause of seizures. Understanding the seizure-inducing mechanisms of TBI is of the utmost importance, because these seizures are often resistant to traditional first- and second-line anti-seizure treatments. The early post-traumatic seizures, in turn, are a contributing factor to ongoing neuropathology, and it is critically important to control these seizures...
September 1, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566615/study-of-the-anti-seizure-effects-of-low-frequency-stimulation-following-kindling-a-review-of-the-cellular-mechanism-related-to-the-anti-seizure-effects-of-low-frequency-electrical-stimulation
#12
Zohreh Ghotbeddin, Mahyar Janahmadi, Ali Yadollahpour
Epilepsy affects about 1-2 % of world population as a chronic neurological disease that is manifested by repeated and consecutive seizures (Grone and Baraban, Nat Neurosci 18(3):339-343, 2015). There is no definitive therapy for epilepsy and antiepileptic drugs cannot offer a permanent and definitive cure for epilepsy, and most epileptic patients become drug resistant (Sasa, J Pharmacol Sci 100(5):487-494, 2006). Surgery and removal of the epileptic focus is a substitute method for treating drug-resistant patients and epilepsy surgery of either side of the brain improves seizure control...
August 26, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522563/commentary-2016-clinical-epilepsia-prize
#13
David T Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522480/interview-with-lena-nguyen-2016-epilepsia-prize-winner-for-basic-science-research
#14
EDITORIAL
Astrid Nehlig, Michael Sperling, Gary Mathern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522448/an-interview-with-saadet-mahmutoglu-2016-epilepsia-prize-winner-for-clinical-research
#15
EDITORIAL
Astrid Nehlig, Michael Sperling, Gary Mathern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506562/acute-pancreatitis-and-pneumonia-due-to-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-a-case-report
#16
Michael Benzaquen, Dan Lebowitz, Pauline Belenotti, Jean-Marc Durand, Jacques Serratrice
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a bacterium responsible for 15 to 40 % of acute community-acquired pneumonia in children and 20 % of adult cases. Several extrapulmonary manifestations have been reported. We report a rare case of an adult patient suffering from pneumonia associated with an acute pancreatitis in the setting of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old Caucasian woman was referred for anorexia lasting for 1 week. Her past medical history was notable for congenital hydrocephalus with consecutive ventriculo-peritoneal shunt, epilepsia and paraparesis...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502353/electroclinical-phenotypes-and-outcomes-in-tbc1d24-related-epilepsy
#17
Brian Appavu, Natalie Guido-Estrada, Kristin Lindstrom, Theresa Grebe, John F Kerrigan, Matthew Troester
TBC1D24 is a newly recognized gene in which variations lead to variable clinical phenotypes including drug-resistant epilepsy. We report four patients with novel variants of TBC1D24 demonstrating drug-resistant focal epilepsy, developmental delays, and head growth deceleration. All patients had seizure semiologies consisting of prolonged, unilateral, focal clonic activity of the arm, leg or face, in addition to generalized clonic or myoclonic seizures. Ictal EEG characteristics included epilepsia partialis continua, epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures, and other focal seizures with indiscrete interictal-ictal transitions...
September 1, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350381/the-effect-of-epilepsy-on-autistic-symptom-severity-assessed-by-the-social-responsiveness-scale-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Chanyoung Ko, Namwook Kim, Eunjoo Kim, Dong Ho Song, Keun-Ah Cheon
BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in people with epilepsy ranges from 15 to 47 % (Clarke et al. in Epilepsia 46:1970-1977, 2005), it is speculated that there is a special relationship between the two disorders, yet there has been a lack of systematic studies comparing the behavioral phenotype between autistic individuals and autistic individuals with epilepsy. This study aims to investigate how the co-occurrence of epilepsy and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects autistic characteristics assessed by the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), which has been used as a measure of autism symptoms in previous studies...
2016: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279640/non-ketotic-hyperglycaemia-presenting-as-epilepsia-partialis-continua
#19
Kyoung Jin Hwang, SungSang Yoon, Key-Chung Park
Epilepsia partialis continua is a rare epileptic syndrome observed in patients with brain structural lesions and metabolic disorders. We report a patient with non-ketotic hyperglycaemia presenting as epilepsia partialis continua with reversible focal brain lesions. An 83-year-old woman visited our hospital due to sudden and repetitive left facial twitching lasting for two days. Initial laboratory data revealed serum glucose, osmolality, and sodium levels of 631 mg/dl, 310 mOsm/l, and 130 mEq/l, respectively...
June 1, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248684/neuronal-autoantibodies-in-patients-with-rasmussen-s-encephalitis
#20
Bedia Samanci, Pınar Tektürk, Erdem Tüzün, Ece Erdağ, Demet Kınay, Zuhal Yapıcı, Betül Baykan
Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) is a rare disease with unknown pathophysiology. To disclose whether anti-neuronal autoimmunity participates in the aetiology of RE, various neuronal autoantibodies (NAAbs) were investigated in sera of patients with RE and controls. The study included five patients who fulfilled the RE diagnostic criteria (clinical, EEG, and MRI findings) as the patient group, and 50 multiple sclerosis patients and 50 healthy subjects as the control groups. Sera were evaluated for various NAAbs by radioimmunoassay or cell-based assays...
June 1, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
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