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Emery dreifuss

Graham F Brady, Raymond Kwan, Juliana Bragazzi Cunha, Jared S Elenbaas, M Bishr Omary
The nuclear lamina is a multi-protein lattice composed of A- and B-type lamins and their associated proteins. This protein lattice associates with heterochromatin and integral inner nuclear membrane proteins, providing a link between the genome, nucleoskeleton, and cytoskeleton. In the 1990s, mutations in EMD and LMNA were linked to Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. Since then, the number of diseases attributed to nuclear lamina defects, including laminopathies and other disorders, has increased to include more than 20 distinct genetic syndromes...
March 13, 2018: Gastroenterology
Can Zhou, Li Rao, Catherine M Shanahan, Qiuping Zhang
Nesprins (nuclear envelope spectrin repeat proteins) are multi-isomeric scaffolding proteins. Nesprin-1 and -2 are highly expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscles and together with SUN (Sad1p/UNC84) domain-containing proteins form the LInker of Nucleoskeleton and Cytoskeleton (LINC) complex at the nuclear envelope in association with lamin A/C and emerin. Mutations in nesprin-1/2 have been found in patients with autosomal dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) as well as dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)...
February 27, 2018: Biochemical Society Transactions
Chaerul Achmad, Almira Zada, Mardlatillah Affani, Mohammad Iqbal, Erwan Martanto, Augustine Purnomowati, Toni M Aprami
We present a 26 year old female Indonesian patient with full spectrum Emery Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy (EDMD) characterized with contracture of elbows, heel cord and pelvic muscle wasting and weakness and atrial paralysis, as rare cardiac findings in EDMD . A novel de novo pathogenic heterozygous missense mutation (NM_170707.3: c.122G>T, p.Arg41Leu) in exon 1 was detected. Preventing atrial paralytic patients from systemic embolism is important. Early diagnosis, intervention, targeted management and counseling are necessary for a better health and life quality of individuals with EDMD...
April 2017: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
Mohammed Hakim Jafferali, Ricardo A Figueroa, Mehedi Hasan, Einar Hallberg
Muscles are developed and regenerated in a differentiation process called myogenesis, which involves components of the nuclear envelope. We have investigated Samp1 (Spindle Associated Membrane Protein 1), a transmembrane nuclear envelope protein, which interacts with emerin and lamin A, both of which are linked to Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). We found that the levels of Samp1 increased seven-fold during differentiation of mouse C2C12 muscle progenitor cells. To test if Samp1 could have a role in myogenesis we developed stable C2C12 knockdown cell lines expressing short hairpin RNA targeting Samp1 expression...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yao-Wei Tzeng, Dai-Yu Li, Yvan Chen, Cheng-Hsiu Yang, Chih-Yun Chang, Yue-Li Juang
LMO7 (LIM domain only 7) is a transcription regulator for expression of many Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy-relevant genes, and binds to α-actinin and AF6/afadin at adherens junctions for epithelial cell-cell adhesion. In this study, we found that human LMO7 interacted with the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) protein MAD1. LMO7 colocalized with actin filaments at the cell membrane but did not colocalize with MAD1 at kinetochores in prometaphase. Our observations reveal that overexpression but not depletion of LMO7 caused a SAC defect, and that the LIM domain of LMO7 was a determinant of its ability to interfere with kinetochore localization of the SAC proteins MAD2 and BUBR1 and cause a SAC defect though the LIM peptide itself did neither bind to MAD1, MAD2 and BUBR1 nor localize to the actin filaments...
January 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Ashvin Iyer, Adam J Koch, James M Holaska
Mutations in the gene encoding emerin cause Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD), a disorder causing progressive skeletal muscle wasting, irregular heart rhythms and contractures of major tendons. RNA sequencing was performed on differentiating wildtype and emerin-null myogenic progenitors to identify molecular pathways implicated in EDMD, 340 genes were uniquely differentially expressed during the transition from day 0 to day 1 in wildtype cells. 1605 genes were uniquely expressed in emerin-null cells; 1706 genes were shared among both wildtype and emerin-null cells...
October 22, 2017: Cells
Younggun Lee, Jung Hwan Lee, Hyung Jun Park, Young Chul Choi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The early diagnosis of LMNA-associated muscular dystrophy is important for preventing sudden arrest related to cardiac conduction block. However, diagnosing early-onset Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) with later involvement of contracture and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1B is often delayed due to heterogeneous clinical presentations. We aimed to determine the clinical features that contribute to a delayed diagnosis. METHODS: We reviewed four patients who were recently diagnosed with LMNA-associated muscular dystrophy by targeted exome sequencing and who were initially diagnosed with nonspecific or other types of muscular dystrophy...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
Irena Niebroj-Dobosz, Beata Sokołowska, Agnieszka Madej-Pilarczyk, Michał Marchel, Irena Hausmanowa-Petrusewicz
Deficit of lamin A/C or emerin causes genetically transmitted Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). As lamins are considered to be mediators of oxidative stress, the antioxidant/oxidant status was examined. The total oxidant/antioxidant status in serum was examined in 29 cases of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. The study included 12 autosomal-dominant laminopathies (AD-EDMD), 17 X-linked emerinopathies (X-EDMD) and 20 age-matched normal subjects. Total oxidant status (TOS) was reduced in all cases, and the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) was found to be decreased in the majority of the patients (in 82...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
Shri Ram
Muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder leading to progressive weakness of muscles caused due to dysfunction in or lack of protein in muscle cells. The prevalence of muscular dystrophy has been observed globally and is becoming a critical area of study for better health services. The purpose of the study is to analyze the research strength of muscular dystrophy using bibliographic literature. A quantitative literature analysis was carried out on muscular dystrophy from 1991 to 2015 for assessing the global research trends...
September 2017: Neurology India
Eduardo M Vilela, Rita Bettencourt-Silva, J Torres da Costa, Ana Raquel Barbosa, Marisa P Silva, Madalena Teixeira, João Primo, Vasco Gama Ribeiro, José Pedro L Nunes
Anti-cardiac troponin antibodies have been studied in different types of clinical diseases and in healthy populations. A systematic review of published data on anti-troponin antibodies was carried out (search performed on PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge and Scopus databases). From title and abstract analysis, thirty-three articles were included that met the pre-specified criteria; after full-text analysis, nine articles were excluded. Most studies assessed anti-troponin I antibodies. The prevalence of anti-cardiac troponin antibodies in healthy individuals ranged from 0...
August 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
Alexander J Kim, Thomas M Halaszynski, Lori-Ann Oliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Mary Ann Collins, Torrey R Mandigo, Jaclyn M Camuglia, Gabriella A Vazquez, Alyssa J Anderson, Christine H Hudson, John L Hanron, Eric S Folker
Muscle cells are a syncytium in which the many nuclei are positioned to maximize the distance between adjacent nuclei. Although mispositioned nuclei are correlated with many muscle disorders, it is not known whether this common phenotype is the result of a common mechanism. To answer this question, we disrupted the expression of genes linked to Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) and centronuclear myopathy (CNM) in Drosophila and evaluated the position of the nuclei. We found that the genes linked to EDMD and CNM were each necessary to properly position nuclei...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Zuzhi Chen, Zhixia Ren, Wenli Mei, Qiankun Ma, Yingying Shi, Yuanxing Zhang, Shujian Li, Li Xiang, Jiewen Zhang
BACKGROUND: In the present study, a novel mutation in exon 46 at codon 2304 (G2304R) of the SYNE1 gene is described in a Chinese family (proband, mother, and sister) with Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy-like, which clinically manifests as muscle weakness, muscle atrophy, joint contracture, and without significant cardiac abnormalities. METHODS: Clinical examination and neuroimaging of the captured target region and high-throughput sequencing were performed in a family of four generations...
June 5, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
Silvia Angori, Cristina Capanni, Georgine Faulkner, Camilla Bean, Giuseppe Boriani, Giovanna Lattanzi, Vittoria Cenni
BACKGROUND: Ankrd2 is a stress responsive protein mainly expressed in muscle cells. Upon the application of oxidative stress, Ankrd2 translocates into the nucleus where it regulates the activity of genes involved in cellular response to stress. Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy 2 (EDMD2) is a muscular disorder caused by mutations of the gene encoding lamin A, LMNA. As well as many phenotypic abnormalities, EDMD2 muscle cells also feature a permanent basal stress state, the underlying molecular mechanisms of which are currently unclear...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Can Zhou, Chen Li, Bin Zhou, Huaqin Sun, Victoria Koullourou, Ian Holt, Megan J Puckelwartz, Derek T Warren, Robert Hayward, Ziyuan Lin, Lin Zhang, Glenn E Morris, Elizabeth M McNally, Sue Shackleton, Li Rao, Catherine M Shanahan, Qiuping Zhang
Nesprins-1 and -2 are highly expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscle and together with SUN (Sad1p/UNC84)-domain containing proteins and lamin A/C form the LInker of Nucleoskeleton-and-Cytoskeleton (LINC) bridging complex at the nuclear envelope (NE). Mutations in nesprin-1/2 have previously been found in patients with autosomal dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) as well as dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). In this study, three novel rare variants (R8272Q, S8381C and N8406K) in the C-terminus of the SYNE1 gene (nesprin-1) were identified in seven DCM patients by mutation screening...
June 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
Xi Wang, Allyson Zabell, Wonshill Koh, W H Wilson Tang
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is the third leading cause of heart failure in the USA. A major gene associated with DCM with cardiac conduction system disease is lamin A/C (LMNA) gene. Lamins are type V filaments that serve a variety of roles, including nuclear structure support, DNA repair, cell signaling pathway mediation, and chromatin organization. In 1999, LMNA was found responsible for Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) and, since then, has been found in association with a wide spectrum of diseases termed laminopathies, including LMNA cardiomyopathy...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Masaya Shimojima, Shinsuke Yuasa, Chikaaki Motoda, Gakuto Yozu, Toshihiro Nagai, Shogo Ito, Mark Lachmann, Shin Kashimura, Makoto Takei, Dai Kusumoto, Akira Kunitomi, Nozomi Hayashiji, Tomohisa Seki, Shugo Tohyama, Hisayuki Hashimoto, Masaki Kodaira, Toru Egashira, Kenshi Hayashi, Chiaki Nakanishi, Kenji Sakata, Masakazu Yamagishi, Keiichi Fukuda
Alteration of the nuclear Ca(2+) transient is an early event in cardiac remodeling. Regulation of the nuclear Ca(2+) transient is partly independent of the cytosolic Ca(2+) transient in cardiomyocytes. One nuclear membrane protein, emerin, is encoded by EMD, and an EMD mutation causes Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). It remains unclear whether emerin is involved in nuclear Ca(2+) homeostasis. The aim of this study is to elucidate the role of emerin in rat cardiomyocytes by means of hypertrophic stimuli and in EDMD induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell-derived cardiomyocytes in terms of nuclear structure and the Ca(2+) transient...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Phu Le Thanh, Peter Meinke, Nadia Korfali, Vlastimil Srsen, Michael I Robson, Manfred Wehnert, Benedikt Schoser, Caroline A Sewry, Eric C Schirmer
Reports of aberrant distribution for some nuclear envelope proteins in cells expressing a few Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy mutations raised the possibility that such protein redistribution could underlie pathology and/or be diagnostic. However, this disorder is linked to 8 different genes encoding nuclear envelope proteins, raising the question of whether a particular protein is most relevant. Therefore, myoblast/fibroblast cultures from biopsy and tissue sections from a panel of nine Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy patients (4 male, 5 female) including those carrying emerin and FHL1 (X-linked) and several lamin A (autosomal dominant) mutations were stained for the proteins linked to the disorder...
April 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Carol M Collins, Joseph A Ellis, James M Holaska
Mutations in the gene encoding emerin cause Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). Emerin is an integral inner nuclear membrane protein and a component of the nuclear lamina. EDMD is characterized by skeletal muscle wasting, cardiac conduction defects and tendon contractures. The failure to regenerate skeletal muscle is predicted to contribute to the skeletal muscle pathology of EDMD. We hypothesize that muscle regeneration defects are caused by impaired muscle stem cell differentiation. Myogenic progenitors derived from emerin-null mice were used to confirm their impaired differentiation and analyze selected myogenic molecular pathways...
April 1, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
Cyril Jabea Ekabe, Jules Kehbila, Carlson-Babila Sama, Benjamin Momo Kadia, Martin Hongieh Abanda, Gottlieb Lobe Monekosso
BACKGROUND: Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy is a rare genetic muscular disease, presenting mainly with contractures, weakness and cardiac conduction abnormalities. Its clinical and laboratory similarities to other muscular dystrophies, and rarity poses diagnostic challenges, requiring a high index of suspicion in resource limited settings. CASE PRESENTATION: An 8 year old sub-Saharan male presented with rigidity and deformity of both elbows and ankles, and weakness of the upper limbs and lower limbs for duration of 4 months...
January 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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