keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blood refusal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720245/recruitment-process-of-a-chinese-immigrant-study-in-canada
#1
Ping Zou
The objectives of this article were to provide a comprehensive overview of the recruitment experience and participant characteristics in an antihypertensive dietary educational intervention pilot trial among Chinese Canadians. The recruitment was conducted in a community centre. Two recruitment approaches, self-referral and proactive recruitment, were used. Among 618 Chinese Canadians in the blood pressure screening, 105 (17.0%) individuals were eligible to participate in this trial. Of the 105 eligible individuals, 45 (42...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720136/bilateral-multiple-pulmonary-artery-aneurysms-associated-with-cavitary-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-case-report
#2
Pedro Pallangyo, Frederick Lyimo, Smita Bhalia, Hilda Makungu, Bashir Nyangasa, Flora Lwakatare, Pal Suranyi, Mohamed Janabi
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery aneurysms constitute <1% of aneurysms occurring in the thoracic cavity. Congenital cardiac defects are responsible for the majority (>50%) of cases, however, pulmonary artery aneurysm is a rare sequelae of pulmonary tuberculosis reported in about 5% of patients with chronic cavitary tuberculosis on autopsy. The natural history of this potentially fatal condition remains poorly understood and guidelines for optimal management are controversial. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old man, a nursing student of African descent, was referred to us from an up-country regional hospital with a 4-week history of recurrent episodes of breathlessness, awareness of heartbeats and coughing blood 3 weeks after completing a 6-month course of anti-tuberculosis drugs...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713150/a-jehovah-s-witness-adolescent-in-the-labor-and-delivery-unit-should-patient-and-parental-refusals-of-blood-transfusions-for-adolescents-be-honored
#3
Johan Christiaan Bester, Martin Smith, Cynthia Griggins
A 15-year-old was admitted to the labor and delivery unit for induction of a 41-week-gestation pregnancy. Her parents, members of Jehovah's Witnesses, and the patient, who had been studying the religion but had not yet been baptized, were adamant that no blood transfusions would be accepted even if a life-threatening hemorrhage were to occur. In our analysis, we examine the underlying ethical conflict and issues raised by this case. We considered two important ethical questions in analyzing the dilemma: first, whether adolescents are capable of providing autonomous and authentic refusals for lifesaving interventions; and second, whether parents can refuse such interventions for their adolescent children based on their religious beliefs...
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705097/transfusion-refusal-and-the-shifting-limits-of-multicultural-accommodation
#4
Carey DeMichelis
The refusal of blood products by Jehovah's Witness patients has provoked court proceedings, social science research, and contemporary fiction, all of which emphasize a seemingly intractable conflict between religious and secular ways of being. This article takes a different approach, focusing instead on the space that Witness patients have carved out for their accommodation in a major pediatric research hospital. Using discourse analysis and interview data, I map the way moralizing discourses surrounding Witness families have shifted over the past 70 years alongside advancements in bloodless medicine...
July 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704228/patient-attitudes-to-clozapine-initiation
#5
Siobhan H Gee, Sukhwinder S Shergill, David M Taylor
Clozapine is widely underused. No study has assessed views of patients suitable for, but not yet receiving, clozapine. We aimed to assess views of clozapine in patients eligible for clozapine but not yet prescribed it by conducting semistructured interviews with acutely unwell hospital in-patients. We interviewed 61 of 116 eligible patients and 50 (82%) answered all questions. At interview, 33 (54%) of 61 participants had heard of clozapine and 17 (30%) of 57 participants said they would take it if asked. Overall, 31 (57%) of 54 respondents said blood testing would not preclude them taking clozapine...
July 12, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693427/selection-bias-and-subject-refusal-in-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Rochelle Yang, Barry L Carter, Tyler H Gums, Brian M Gryzlak, Yinghui Xu, Barcey T Levy
BACKGROUND: Selection bias and non-participation bias are major methodological concerns which impact external validity. Cluster-randomized controlled trials are especially prone to selection bias as it is impractical to blind clusters to their allocation into intervention or control. This study assessed the impact of selection bias in a large cluster-randomized controlled trial. METHODS: The Improved Cardiovascular Risk Reduction to Enhance Rural Primary Care (ICARE) study examined the impact of a remote pharmacist-led intervention in twelve medical offices...
July 10, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693082/-study-of-mumps-immunity-after-administrating-measles-mumps-rubella-vaccine-among-children-aged-2-7-years-old-in-jiangsu-province-in-2015
#7
Y B Liu, Y Hu, X Y Deng, Z G Wang, X Sun, P S Lu, H X Guo, F Y Tang, M H Zhou
Objective: To investigate the immunity to mumps after administrating measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR) among children aged 2-7 years old in Jiangsu province in 2015. Methods: A total of 4 190 healthy children aged 2-7 years old, living in local places for at least 3 months, and having been vaccinated at least 1 dose MMR were recruited to the study from Wujin district of Changzhou city, Gaogang district of Taizhou city and Ganyu district of Lianyungang city by using stratified cluster random sampling method between September and November, 2015...
July 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680863/adherence-to-insulin-self-administration-and-associated-factors-among-diabetes-mellitus-patients-at-tikur-anbessa-specialized-hospital
#8
Yusuf Gerada, Zuriyash Mengistu, Asrat Demessie, Atsede Fantahun, Kahsu Gebrekirstos
BACKGROUND: The goals of diabetes treatment are to keep blood glucose levels as near normal as possible while avoiding complications. Despite the benefits of insulin therapy, many people with diabetes don't adhere to treatment. Some avoid insulin therapy or refuse to start it. Several studies investigating adherence to chronic disease treatment have evidenced that patients often discontinue their medications or even do not take them at all because they consider them ineffective or experience untoward side effects...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678737/functional-brain-mri-in-patients-complaining-of-electrohypersensitivity-after-long-term-exposure-to-electromagnetic-fields
#9
Gunnar Heuser, Sylvia A Heuser
INTRODUCTION: Ten adult patients with electromagnetic hypersensitivity underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) brain scans. All scans were abnormal with abnormalities which were consistent and similar. It is proposed that fMRI brain scans be used as a diagnostic aid for determining whether or not a patient has electromagnetic hypersensitivity. Over the years we have seen an increasing number of patients who had developed multi system complaints after long term repeated exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs)...
July 5, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666488/two-congenital-left-to-right-shunt-anomalies-in-a-septuagenarian-arare-occurrence
#10
Hunaina Shahab, Sonia Yaqub, Aamir Hameed Khan
Atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are common congenital anomalies presenting in childhood. Life expectancy of an uncorrected PDAis shortened to half; and ASD of a significant size has increased morbidity and mortality. Their co-existence in an elderly patient with first presentation at 70 years of age is a rarity. We present the case of a 70-year woman with one-week history of dyspnea with high blood pressure and signs of heart failure. She was found to have a PDA and an ASD with left-to-right shunt...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666203/understanding-experiences-of-and-rationales-for-sharing-crack-smoking-equipment-a-qualitative-study-with-persons-who-smoke-crack-in-montr%C3%A3-al
#11
Hélène Poliquin, Karine Bertrand, Jorge Flores-Aranda, Élise Roy
BACKGROUND: The distribution of safer crack-smoking equipment has been implemented in several Canadian cities to reduce potential health risks such as transmission of blood borne viruses (BBV). Little is known about the perspectives of persons who smoke crack (PWSC) on sharing crack-smoking materials or using in settings where safer crack-smoking equipment is provided. This paper presents data from the perspective of PWSC in Montréal on their experiences of, and rationales for, sharing crack-smoking equipment, in light of the risks of BBV transmission...
June 27, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665709/oxygen-delivery-during-severe-anemia-when-blood-transfusion-is-refused-on-religious-grounds
#12
Marco Salmen, Stephen Hendriksen, Jed Gorlin, Michele LeClaire, Matthew E Prekker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665460/ischemic-monomelic-neuropathy-a-long-term-follow-up-of-two-cases
#13
Vikas Singh, Huzaif Qaisar, Avais Masud, Sushil Mehandru, Elmer Sadiang-Abay, Eric J Costanzo, Loay Salman
INTRODUCTION: Ischemic monomelic neuropathy (IMN) is the most dreaded complication of an arteriovenous access creation. While uncommon, it can lead to pain, paresthesia or/and hand weakness. Creation of an arteriovenous connection causing a sudden diversion of blood away from the nerves can lead to ischemic injury to the neural tissue and cause IMN. Immediate surgical ligation has been traditionally recommended to limit ongoing neural tissue injury. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present two diabetic patients who developed IMN after the creation of a left upper extremity brachial-cephalic fistula and refused to undergo surgical ligation...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638625/early-eculizumab-use-in-atypical-haemolytic-uraemic-syndrome-in-a-jehovah-s-witness-refusing-blood-products
#14
May Al-Shaghana, Andrew Bentall, Mark D Jesky, William Lester, Graham Lipkin
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is characterized by microscopic angiopathic haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia and organ injury. Supportive therapies include the use of blood products. Recently the terminal complement inhibitor eculizumab has been approved in atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS) in some countries. We report the case of a 23-year-old female Jehovah's Witness presenting with vaginal haemorrhage from thrombocytopaenia, severe anaemia (nadir Hb 28 g/L) and anuric acute kidney injury with TMA secondary to aHUS...
June 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633682/effect-of-space-allowance-and-floor-type-on-performance-welfare-and-physiological-measurements-of-finishing-beef-heifers
#15
M P Keane, M McGee, E G O'Riordan, A K Kelly, B Earley
Accommodating cattle indoors during the winter is widely practiced throughout Europe. There is currently no legislation surrounding the space allowance and floor type that should be provided to cattle during this time, however, concerns have been raised regarding the type of housing systems currently in use. The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of space allowance and floor type on performance and welfare of finishing beef heifers. Continental crossbred heifers (n=240: mean initial live; weight, 504 (SD 35...
June 21, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611566/periorbital-ecchymosis-raccoon-eye-and-orbital-hematoma-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#16
Jafar Nasiri, Farhad Zamani
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a conventional technique for diagnosis and treatment of pancratobiliary diseases, which is associated with various complications, including pancreatitis, hemorrhage, cholangitis, perforation, and mortality. In our case, a 69-year-old woman with positive hepatobiliary symptoms underwent ERCP, at the end of which a rare complication (raccoon eye) occurred, which was hypothesized to be due to amyloidosis, but the patient refused to complete the diagnostic procedure and became symptom free after 3 weeks...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606620/efficacy-and-safety-of-lumacaftor-and-ivacaftor-in-patients-aged-6-11-years-with-cystic-fibrosis-homozygous-for-f508del-cftr-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-phase-3-trial
#17
Felix Ratjen, Christopher Hug, Gautham Marigowda, Simon Tian, Xiaohong Huang, Sanja Stanojevic, Carlos E Milla, Paul D Robinson, David Waltz, Jane C Davies
BACKGROUND: Lumacaftor and ivacaftor combination treatment showed efficacy in patients aged 12 years or older with cystic fibrosis homozygous for F508del-cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in placebo-controlled studies and patients aged 6-11 years with cystic fibrosis homozygous for F508del-CFTR in an open-label study. We report efficacy and safety of lumacaftor and ivacaftor in patients with cystic fibrosis aged 6-11 years homozygous for F508del-CFTR. METHODS: In this phase 3, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre study, patients were enrolled at 54 hospitals and medical centres in nine countries (the USA, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Sweden, and the UK)...
June 8, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540563/offering-self-administered-oral-hiv-testing-as-a-choice-to-truck-drivers-in-kenya-predictors-of-uptake-and-need-for-guidance-while-self-testing
#18
Elizabeth A Kelvin, Gavin George, Eva Mwai, Eston N Nyaga, Joanne E Mantell, Matthew L Romo, Jacob O Odhiambo, Kaymarlin Govender
We assessed predictors of choosing self-administered oral HIV testing in the clinic with supervision versus the standard provider-administered blood test when offered the choice among 149 Kenyan truck drivers, described the types of guidance participants needed during self-testing and predictors of needing guidance. Overall, 56.38% of participants chose the self-test, 23.49% the provider-administered test, and 20.13% refused testing. In the adjusted regression models, each additional unit on the fatalism and self-efficacy scales was associated with 0...
May 24, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526019/mass-anti-malarial-administration-in-western-cambodia-a-qualitative-study-of-factors-affecting-coverage
#19
Christopher Pell, Rupam Tripura, Chea Nguon, Phaikyeong Cheah, Chan Davoeung, Chhouen Heng, Lim Dara, Ma Sareth, Arjen Dondorp, Lorenz von Seidlein, Thomas J Peto
BACKGROUND: Mass anti-malarial administration has been proposed as a key component of the Plasmodium falciparum malaria elimination strategy in the Greater Mekong sub-Region. Its effectiveness depends on high levels of coverage in the target population. This article explores the factors that influenced mass anti-malarial administration coverage within a clinical trial in Battambang Province, western Cambodia. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected through semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions with villagers, in-depth interviews with study staff, trial drop-outs and refusers, and observations in the communities...
May 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523054/acute-bacterial-meningitis-in-children-presenting-to-the-children-s-hospital-lahore-before-and-after-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-pakistan-national-immunization-program-a-comparison
#20
Attia Bari, Fatima Zeeshan, Aizza Zafar, Hasan Ejaz, Uzma Jabeen, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
OBJECTIVE: To describe bacteriological profile, morbidity and mortality of acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in children and to compare these parameters before and after the introduction of Pneumococcal vaccine in Pakistan National Immunization Program. METHODS: The present descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Paediatric Medicine of The Children's Hospital Lahore from January 2012 to December 2015. A total of 503 children one month to five years of age admitted with diagnosis of meningitis were included...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
keyword
keyword
22592
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"