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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904583/recent-advances-in-transcatheter-management-of-pulmonary-regurgitation-after-surgical-repair-of-tetralogy-of-fallot
#1
REVIEW
Matthew I Jones, Shakeel A Qureshi
Surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) in childhood is associated with generally good outcomes, and almost all children can be expected to survive until adulthood. However, significant pulmonary regurgitation leading to progressive right ventricular dilatation is common in teenagers or young adults because of the nature of the surgical intervention. In patients whose repair included placement of a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit, it has been possible to place a stented valve within the conduit to treat this...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896780/hybrid-strategies-for-high-risk-non-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-patients
#2
Syed M Rehman, Antonio Ravaglioli, Kanchana Singappuli, Kevin Roman, James Gnanapragasam, Duminda Samarasinghe, Nicola Viola
Single-stage repair of complex cardiac abnormalities in high-risk neonates presents formidable challenges. The majority of hybrid strategies involving bilateral pulmonary artery banding (bPAB) with or without patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) stenting is described in the setting of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. We present a series of cases describing two-stage repair with initial palliative hybrid procedures involving bPAB with or without PDA stenting. This allows weight gain and stabilization of circulation before complete repair, provides good results, and may overcome risk factors associated with single-stage repair in neonates...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886665/-efficacy-of-staging-surgery-in-pulmonary-atresia-with-intact-ventricular-septum
#3
J C Qi, Z W Zhang, J H Li, Z Gao, L Y Ying
Objective: To assess the feasibility and efficacy of a staged invasive treatment strategy for the treatment of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum, in the first stage using a catheter-based stent placement, second-stage surgery, and three-stage atrial septal occlusion. Methods: Totally 19 children with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum were enrolled at Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, the Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2009 to December 2017, including 11 male and 8 female patients...
June 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886213/endovascular-treatment-of-a-large-iliac-vein-aneurysm-and-high-flow-arteriovenous-fistula
#4
Michael P DeWane, Wassim H Fares, Cassius Iyad Ochoa Chaar
Aneurysms associated with arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) are rare but can cause significant morbidity. They are often diagnosed after rupture, pain, or embolization. We describe a unique case of a 35-year-old woman with a large iliac vein aneurysm related to an acquired AVF incidentally discovered on ultrasound during pregnancy. She had a diagnosis of "idiopathic" pulmonary hypertension for several years. This report details the diagnosis and treatment with an arterial stent graft that was effective in decreasing the size of the venous aneurysm and reversing the systemic changes associated with the disease...
June 7, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884909/zbtb46-is-a-shear-sensitive-transcription-factor-inhibiting-endothelial-cell-proliferation-via-gene-expression-regulation-of-cell-cycle-proteins
#5
Yu Wang, He-Ying Sun, Sandeep Kumar, Maria Del Mar Puerta, Hanjoong Jo, Amir Rezvan
ZBTB46 is a transcription factor identified in classical dendritic cells and keeps dendritic cells in a quiescent state. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing in dendritic cells has identified over 1300 potential gene targets of ZBTB46, affecting many processes including cell cycle. Endothelial cells (ECs) also express ZBTB46 and are mostly in a quiescent non-proliferative state. While EC proliferation is a critical process in development, dysregulation of EC proliferation as seen in areas of disturbed flow play an important role in many disease processes such as atherosclerosis, pulmonary hypertension, transplant vasculopathy, neointimal hyperplasia, and in-stent restenosis...
June 8, 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873646/-percutaneous-treatment-of-coronary-artery-fistula-a-tailored-strategy-is-needed
#6
Filippo Russo, Anita Paggi, Giuseppe De Nittis, Mario Galli
Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a rare, abnormal connection between one or more coronary arteries and a cardiac chamber, or great vessel.We describe the case of a male patient with worsening effort angina referred for coronary angiography. The examination revealed the presence of a CAF between the proximal left anterior descending (LAD) and pulmonary arteries, with mid LAD subocclusive stenosis. Ad hoc PCI with stenting was performed in the mid LAD, followed by CAF embolization with coils and plugs. Angiography and computed tomography scan at follow-up showed complete CAF occlusion, stent patency, and normal flow reserve of the LAD...
March 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871940/successful-feasibility-human-trial-of-a-new-self-expandable-percutaneous-pulmonary-valve-pulsta-valve-implantation-using-knitted-nitinol-wire-backbone-and-trileaflet-%C3%AE-gal-free-porcine-pericardial-valve-in-the-native-right-ventricular-outflow-tract
#7
Gi Beom Kim, Mi Kyoung Song, Eun Jung Bae, Eun-Ah Park, Whal Lee, Hong-Gook Lim, Yong Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: Self-expandable percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) for native right ventricular outflow tract lesions is still in the clinical trial phase. The aim of this study is to present the result of feasibility study of a novel self-expandable knitted nitinol wire stent mounted with a treated trileaflet α-Gal-free porcine pericardial valve for PPVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: A feasibility study using Pulsta valve (TaeWoong Medical Co, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea) was designed for patients with severe pulmonary regurgitation in the native right ventricular outflow tract, and 6-month follow-up outcomes were reviewed...
June 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850353/pulmonary-artery-pseudoaneurysm-a-rare-cause-of-fatal-massive-hemoptysis
#8
Himaja Koneru, Sreeja Biswas Roy, Monirul Islam, Hesham Abdelrazek, Debabrata Bandyopadhyay, Nikhil Madan, Pradnya D Patil, Tanmay S Panchabhai
Pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm (PAPA), an uncommon complication of pyogenic bacterial and fungal infections and related septic emboli, is associated with high mortality. The pulmonary artery (PA) lacks an adventitial wall; therefore, repeated endovascular seeding of the PA with septic emboli creates saccular dilations that are more likely to rupture than systemic arterial aneurysms. The most common clinical presentation of PAPA is massive hemoptysis and resultant worsening hypoxemia. Computed tomography angiography is the preferred diagnostic modality for PAPA; typical imaging patterns include focal outpouchings of contrast adjacent to a branch of the PA following the same contrast density as the PA in all phases of the study...
2018: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844737/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-to-evaluate-percutaneous-pulmonary-valve-implantation-in-children-and-young-adults
#9
Cesar Gonzalez de Alba, Fernando Molina Berganza, John Brownlee, Muhammad Khan, Dilachew Adebo
Experience with cardiac magnetic resonance to evaluate coronary arteries in children and young adult patients is limited. Because noninvasive imaging has advantages over coronary angiography, we compared the effectiveness of these techniques in patients who were being considered for percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation. We retrospectively reviewed the cases of 26 patients (mean age, 12.53 ± 4.85 yr; range, 5-25 yr), all of whom had previous right ventricular-to-pulmonary artery homografts. We studied T2-prepared whole-heart images for coronary anatomy, velocity-encoded cine images for ventricular morphology, and function- and time-resolved magnetic resonance angiographic findings...
April 2018: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744231/recurrent-pneumonia-due-to-fibrosing-mediastinitis-in-a-teenage-girl-a-case-report-with-long-term-follow-up
#10
Avigdor Hevroni, Chaim Springer, Oren Wasser, Avraham Avital, Benjamin Z Koplewitz
A teenage girl was evaluated for recurrent right pneumonia. The evaluation revealed a calcified mediastinal mass that compressed the right intermediate and middle lobar bronchi, as well as the right pulmonary artery and veins. The clinical picture together with imaging studies and borderline positive serology testing suggested a diagnosis of fibrosing mediastinitis associated with histoplasmosis. This rare condition is characterized by the local proliferation of invasive fibrous tissue within the mediastinum due to a hyperimmune reaction to Histoplasma capsulatum ...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743996/emerging-transcatheter-options-for-tricuspid-regurgitation
#11
REVIEW
Ankur Kalra, Angad S Uberoi, Azeem Latib, Sahil Khera, Stephen H Little, Deepak L Bhatt, Michael J Reardon, Neal S Kleiman, Colin M Barker
Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) presents as either primary valve pathology or secondary to pulmonary or left-sided heart disease. Severe TR portends a worse prognosis independent of age, right ventricular size and function, severe left ventricular dysfunction, and increased pulmonary arterial pressures. Surgical treatment for TR has mostly been limited to patients undergoing mitral valve repair since those at high surgical risk are not candidates for traditional TR surgery. For these patients, minimally invasive techniques could be of great benefit, yet these techniques have been slow to develop because of the various anatomic and physiological aspects of the tricuspid valve apparatus...
July 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735258/outcomes-of-pulmonary-artery-embolization-and-stent-graft-placement-for-the-treatment-of-hemoptysis-caused-by-lung-tumors
#12
Clément Marcelin, Jérome Soussan, Florian Desmots, Jean-Yves Gaubert, Vincent Vidal, Jean Michel Bartoli, Jean Izaaryene
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular management of pulmonary artery lesions caused by lung tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients (15 men, 4 women; average age: 60.3 years, range, 51-86 years) treated for massive or recurrent hemoptysis with transarterial pulmonary artery embolization between 2010 and 2016 were included in this multicenter, retrospective study. Inclusion criteria were: patients with lung cancer and at least 1 episode of hemoptysis with a pulmonary artery lesion detected by computed tomography (CT) angiography or after failed bronchial artery embolization...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701403/hostile-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-treated-by-fenestrated-thoracic-stentgraft-with-proximal-sealing-in-ishimaru-zone-0
#13
Joel Sousa, João Neves, Vicente Riambau, José Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: Thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (TEVAR) is an established treatment for thoracic aortic disease in both the acute and elective setting, with such a widespread use that almost 50% of all thoracic aortic surgery in Europe is performed by these means. Nonetheless, the feasibility of TEVAR is determined by several anatomic factors, and the suitability of the proximal and distal landing zones remain one of the main limitations to its use. The advent of custom-made thoracic stent grafts widened the endovascular options in some challenging anatomies...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680830/pulmonary-perfusion-using-intrabronchial-capnography-in-pulmonary-artery-stenosis
#14
Hiroki Nishine, Hiromi Muraoka, Takeo Inoue, Teruomi Miyazawa, Masamichi Mineshita
Stenting at the flow-limiting segment can improve the ventilation-perfusion ratio in patients with central airway stenosis. However, there is no quantitative examination for assessing the perfusion status during interventional bronchoscopy. Intrabronchial capnography can estimate regional gas exchange by measuring carbon dioxide concentration. We herein report a case of bilateral bronchial stenosis where stenting was able to improve ventilation-perfusion ratio using intrabronchial capnography. A 44-year-old man was admitted to our institution with orthopnea...
April 20, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672288/comparison-of-the-predictive-roles-of-risk-scores-of-in-hospital-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#15
Erdal Akturk, Lutfu Askin, M Hakan Tasolar, Serdar Turkmen, Hakan Kaya
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the relationship between various risk scores (SYNTAX score (SS), SYNTAX score-II (SS-II), thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) risk scores and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk scores) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study population were selected from among 589 patients who underwent coronary angiography with a diagnosis of NSTEMI...
April 19, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671282/interventional-cardiology-for-congenital-heart-disease
#16
REVIEW
Damien Kenny
Congenital heart interventions are now replacing surgical palliation and correction in an evolving number of congenital heart defects. Right ventricular outflow tract and ductus arteriosus stenting have demonstrated favorable outcomes compared to surgical systemic to pulmonary artery shunting, and it is likely surgical pulmonary valve replacement will become an uncommon procedure within the next decade, mirroring current practices in the treatment of atrial septal defects. Challenges remain, including the lack of device design focused on smaller infants and the inevitable consequences of somatic growth...
May 2018: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607276/central-retinal-artery-occlusion-with-sparing-of-cilioretinal-artery-post-pulmonary-artery-stenting
#17
Kok-Tian Oo, Mohd Rizal Mohd-Zain, Ismail Shatriah
Central retinal arterial occlusion is an ocular emergency. Central retinal artery occlusion following cardiac procedures have been described in adults. We describe a pediatric patient who developed central retinal artery occlusion following pulmonary artery stenting. It is important to highlight this potential risk to ensure early diagnosis and prompt treatment.
January 29, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602248/consequences-of-an-early-catheter-based-intervention-on-pulmonary-artery-growth-and-right-ventricular-myocardial-function-in-a-pig-model-of-pulmonary-artery-stenosis
#18
Melissa L Bates, Petros V Anagnostopoulos, Cole Nygard, Jenna Torgeson, Jamie Reichert, Csaba Galambos, Marlowe W Eldridge, Luke J Lamers
OBJECTIVE: To determine the consequences of an early catheter-based intervention on pulmonary artery (PA) growth and right ventricular (RV) myocardial function in an animal model of branch PA stenosis. BACKGROUND: Acute results and safety profiles of deliberate stent fracture within the pulmonary vasculature have been demonstrated. The long-term impact of early stent intervention and deliberate stent fracture on PA growth and myocardial function is not understood...
March 30, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576405/a-propensity-matched-comparison-of-fenestrated-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-and-open-surgical-repair-of-pararenal-and-paravisceral-aortic-aneurysms
#19
Giovanni Tinelli, Maria Antonietta Crea, Chiara de Waure, Gian Luca Di Tanna, Jean-Pierre Becquemin, Jonathan Sobocinski, Francesco Snider, Stéphan Haulon
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the outcomes of a current series of patients treated with fenestrated and branched endovascular aneurysm repair (F-BEVAR) or open surgical repair (OSR) for pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (pr-AAAs), including juxtarenal, suprarenal, and type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysms. This study compares the outcomes of these procedures from two high-volume centers without the bias induced by a learning curve. METHODS: All patients with pr-AAAs undergoing repair at two centers between January 2010 and June 2016 were included in a prospective database...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562425/-feasibility-and-efficacy-of-transcatheter-closure-of-anastomotic-leakage-after-aortic-surgery-using-amplatzer-vascular-plug-%C3%A2
#20
W H Wu, L J Huang, J Z Pu, X Y Huang, X Pu, Y Ning, X Wang
Objective: To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of transcatheter closure of anastomotic leakage after aortic surgery using Amplatzer Vascular Plug Ⅲ (AVP Ⅲ). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed in 5 patients with anastomotic leakage after aortic surgery, who underwent transcatheter closure in our hospital from January to June 2017 using AVP Ⅲ. Surgeries were performed in 3 cases of Standford type A dissection, 1 case of ascending aortic aneurysm and 1 case of persistent truncus.There were 3 males,and age was (43...
March 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
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