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Social and Behaviour change Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901162/imagining-autism-feasibility-of-a-drama-based-intervention-on-the-social-communicative-and-imaginative-behaviour-of-children-with-autism
#1
Julie Beadle-Brown, David Wilkinson, Lisa Richardson, Nicola Shaughnessy, Melissa Trimingham, Jennifer Leigh, Beckie Whelton, Julian Himmerich
We report the feasibility of a novel, school-based intervention, coined 'Imagining Autism', in which children with autism engage with drama practitioners though participatory play and improvisation in a themed multi-sensory 'pod' resembling a portable, tent-like structure. A total of 22 children, aged 7-12 years, from three UK schools engaged in the 10-week programme. Measures of social interaction, communication and emotion recognition, along with parent and teacher ratings, were collected before and up to 12 months after the intervention...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#2
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893263/evaluation-of-a-continuous-community-based-itn-distribution-pilot-in-lainya-county-south-sudan-2012-2013
#3
Albert Kilian, Lisa Woods Schnurr, Tafadzwa Matova, Richmond Ato Selby, Kojo Lokko, Sean Blaufuss, Miatta Zenabu Gbanya, Ruth Allan, Hannah Koenker, Martin Swaka, George Greer, Megan Fotheringham, Lilia Gerberg, Matthew Lynch
BACKGROUND: Continuous distribution of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) has now been accepted as one way of sustaining ITN universal coverage. Community-based channels offer an interesting means of delivering ITNs to households to sustain universal ITN coverage. The objective of this study was to provide proof of concept for this channel. METHODS: A 9-month, community-based, distribution pilot was implemented beginning 1 year after a mass campaign in Lainya County, South Sudan from 2012 to 2013...
September 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891109/strengthening-community-mental-health-competence-a-realist-informed-case-study-from-dehradun-north-india
#4
Kaaren Mathias, Jeph Mathias, Isabel Goicolea, Michelle Kermode
Few accounts exist of programmes in low- and middle-income countries seeking to strengthen community knowledge and skills in mental health. This case study uses a realist lens to explore how a mental health project in a context with few mental health services, strengthened community mental health competence by increasing community knowledge, creating safer social spaces and engaging partnerships for action. We used predominantly qualitative methods to explore relationships between context, interventions, mechanisms and outcomes in the "natural setting" of a community-based mental health project in Dehradun district, Uttarakhand, North India...
September 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870688/-what-do-virtual-reality-tools-bring-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#5
S Bioulac, E de Sevin, P Sagaspe, A Claret, P Philip, J A Micoulaud-Franchi, M P Bouvard
Virtual reality is a relatively new technology that enables individuals to immerse themselves in a virtual world. It offers several advantages including a more realistic, lifelike environment that may allow subjects to "forget" they are being assessed, allow a better participation and an increased generalization of learning. Moreover, the virtual reality system can provide multimodal stimuli, such as visual and auditory stimuli, and can also be used to evaluate the patient's multimodal integration and to aid rehabilitation of cognitive abilities...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836151/it-s-time-to-start-changing-the-game-a-12-week-workplace-team-sport-intervention-study
#6
Andrew Brinkley, Hilary McDermott, Rachel Grenfell-Essam, Fehmidah Munir
BACKGROUND: A 12-week multi-team sport programme was provided to employees of a large services organisation and conducted in workplaces. This programme was used to investigate the short-term effect of regular sports team participation on individual employee and organisational health. METHODS: A large services organisation participated in this study. Two regional worksites of office workers were assigned as the team sport (intervention) (n = 28 participants) or control (n = 20 participants) groups...
August 23, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782306/nutrition-behaviour-change-communication-causes-sustained-effects-on-iycn-knowledge-in-two-cluster-randomised-trials-in-bangladesh
#7
John Hoddinott, Akhter Ahmed, Naureen I Karachiwalla, Shalini Roy
Behaviour change communication (BCC) can improve infant and young child nutrition (IYCN) knowledge, practices, and health outcomes. However, few studies have examined whether the improved knowledge persists after BCC activities end. This paper assesses the effect of nutrition sensitive social protection interventions on IYCN knowledge in rural Bangladesh, both during and after intervention activities. We use data from two, 2-year, cluster randomised control trials that included nutrition BCC in some treatment arms...
August 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768563/infant-feeding-decisions-and-behaviours-among-low-income-smoke-exposed-women-timing-and-change-during-pregnancy
#8
Patricia Markham Risica, Kristen McCausland
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to describe change in feeding intentions and predictors of breast-feeding intentions during the course of pregnancy. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected data from a larger randomized controlled trial of a health education intervention to reduce environmental smoke exposure among women during and after pregnancy. SETTING: Participants were recruited from prenatal clinics, but all further communication occurred with participating women living in the community...
August 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762119/-sexual-and-contraceptive-behaviour-of-young-people-throughout-the-decades-german-federal-centre-for-health-education-selected-survey-results-on-youth-sexuality
#9
REVIEW
Angelika Heßling, Heidrun Bode
The study Youth Sexuality 2015 by the German Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA) makes clear the changes in the sexual and contraceptive behaviour of teenagers and young adults over the last 35 years. Among young Germans, we can see that there is now more gender similarity both with regard to the age at which intercourse first takes place, and in contraceptive behaviour. The proportion of those who take no contraceptive precautions when they have intercourse for the first time is now 6% among male German teenagers and 8% among female ones, a lower figure than ever previously recorded...
July 31, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#10
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706104/use-of-a-mobile-social-networking-intervention-for-weight-management-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#11
Liliana Laranjo, Annie Y S Lau, Paige Martin, Huong Ly Tong, Enrico Coiera
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and physical inactivity are major societal challenges and significant contributors to the global burden of disease and healthcare costs. Information and communication technologies are increasingly being used in interventions to promote behaviour change in diet and physical activity. In particular, social networking platforms seem promising for the delivery of weight control interventions.We intend to pilot test an intervention involving the use of a social networking mobile application and tracking devices (Fitbit Flex 2 and Fitbit Aria scale) to promote the social comparison of weight and physical activity, in order to evaluate whether mechanisms of social influence lead to changes in those outcomes over the course of the study...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670790/informing-infant-and-young-child-feeding-programming-in-humanitarian-emergencies-an-evidence-map-of-reviews-including-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
REVIEW
Claudine Prudhon, Prisca Benelli, Ali Maclaine, Paige Harrigan, Jacqueline Frize
Around 200 million people were affected by conflict and natural disasters in 2015. Whereas those populations are at a particular high risk of death, optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices could prevent almost 20% of deaths amongst children less than 5 years old. Yet, coverage of interventions for improving infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in emergencies is low, partly due to lack of evidence. Considering the paucity of data generated in emergencies to inform programming, we conducted an evidence map from reviews that included low- and middle-income countries and looked at several interventions: (a) social and behavioural change interpersonal and mass communication for promoting breastfeeding and adequate complementary feeding; (b) provision of donated complementary food; (c) home-based fortification with multiple micronutrient powder; (d) capacity building; (e) cash transfers; (f) agricultural or fresh food supply interventions; and (g) psychological support to caretakers...
July 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636280/getting-on-the-same-page-communication-patient-involvement-and-shared-understanding-of-decisions-in-oncology
#13
Aaron L Leppin, Marleen Kunneman, Julie Hathaway, Cara Fernandez, Victor M Montori, Jon C Tilburt
BACKGROUND: Patients and clinicians do not often agree on whether a decision has been made about cancer care. This could be explained by factors related to communication quality and/or the type of decision being made. METHODS: We used a self-developed coding scheme to code a random sample of 128 encounters in which patients and clinicians either agreed (n=64) or disagreed (n=64) that a cancer care decision was made and tested for associations between concordance and key communication behaviours...
June 21, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618914/role-of-the-polypill-for-secondary-prevention-in-ischaemic-heart-disease
#14
José M Castellano, Valentín Fuster, Catriona Jennings, Eva Prescott, Héctor Bueno
In 2011, for the first time in the history of humankind, non-communicable diseases became the leading cause of death worldwide. This change in trend is obviously multifactorial and very complex, as it is the paradoxical result of social, economic and health system growth worldwide. Vaccination and infectious diseases control, changing dietary habits worldwide, sedentary behaviour, globalisation, industrialisation (resulting in a shift from manual to sedentary labour), tobacco and sugary beverage surges in low- and middle-income countries and rapid urbanisation have all played a role in this epidemic transition...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618040/optimising-implementation-of-a-patient-assessment-framework-for-emergency-nurses-a-mixed-method-study
#15
Belinda Munroe, Kate Curtis, Thomas Buckley, Melinda Lewis, Lou Atkins
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine potential facilitators and barriers and tailor interventions to optimise future implementation of a patient-assessment framework into emergency nursing practice. BACKGROUND: An evidence-informed patient-assessment framework HIRAID (History, Identify Red flags, Assessment, Interventions, Diagnostics, communication and reassessment) improves the quality of patient assessments performed by emergency nurses. Facilitators and barriers must be understood and tailored interventions selected to optimise implementation...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609458/dendritic-overgrowth-and-elevated-erk-signaling-during-neonatal-development-in-a-mouse-model-of-autism
#16
Ning Cheng, Fawaz Alshammari, Elizabeth Hughes, Maryam Khanbabaei, Jong M Rho
Autism spectrum disorder (hereafter referred to as "ASD") is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental condition characterized by impaired social communication and interactions, and restricted, repetitive activities or interests. Alterations in network connectivity and memory function are frequently observed in autism patients, often involving the hippocampus. However, specific changes during early brain development leading to disrupted functioning remain largely unclear. Here, we investigated the development of dendritic arbor of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons in the BTBR T+tf/J (BTBR) mouse model of autism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588958/women-s-health-a-new-global-agenda
#17
Sanne A E Peters, Mark Woodward, Vivekanand Jha, Stephen Kennedy, Robyn Norton
Global efforts to improve the health of women largely focus on improving sexual and reproductive health. However, the global burden of disease has changed significantly over the past decades. Currently, the greatest burden of death and disability among women is attributable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), most notably cardiovascular diseases, cancers, respiratory diseases, diabetes, dementia, depression and musculoskeletal disorders. Hence, to improve the health of women most efficiently, adequate resources need to be allocated to the prevention, management and treatment of NCDs in women...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574573/mass-media-interventions-for-preventing-smoking-in-young-people
#18
REVIEW
Kristin V Carson, Faisal Ameer, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Khin Hnin, Joseph Em van Agteren, Fatemeh Sayehmiri, Malcolm P Brinn, Adrian J Esterman, Anne B Chang, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: Mass media interventions can be used as a way of delivering preventive health messages. They have the potential to reach and modify the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of a large proportion of the community. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of mass media interventions on preventing smoking in young people, and whether it can reduce smoking uptake among youth (under 25 years), improve smoking attitudes, intentions and knowledge, improve self-efficacy/self-esteem, and improve perceptions about smoking, including the choice to follow positive role models...
June 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535928/vocal-similarity-in-long-distance-and-short-distance-vocalizations-in-raven-pairs-corvus-corax-in-captivity
#19
Eva Maria Luef, Andries Ter Maat, Simone Pika
Vocal interactions in many birds are characterized by imitation or the matching of vocalizations whereby one individual makes its vocalizations more similar to those of a conspecific. This behaviour is aided by vocal learning, which allows birds to change the vocalizations already in their repertoires, or to add new ones. The majority of studies on vocal similarity have been focussing on the songs of birds rather than their calls, with evidence for vocal similarity in calls being rather scarce. Here, we investigated whether ravens make their calls acoustically similar to one another by analysing the extent to which short- and long-distance calls of their vocal repertoires exhibited vocal similarity...
September 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511484/efficacy-of-structured-yoga-intervention-for-sleep-gastrointestinal-and-behaviour-problems-of-asd-children-an-exploratory-study
#20
Kumar Narasingharao, Balaram Pradhan, Janardhana Navaneetham
INTRODUCTION: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro developmental disorder which appears at early childhood age between 18 and 36 months. Apart from behaviour problems ASD children also suffer from sleep and Gastrointestinal (GI) problems. Major behaviour problems of ASD children are lack of social communication and interaction, less attention span, repetitive and restrictive behaviour, lack of eye to eye contact, aggressive and self-injurious behaviours, sensory integration problems, motor problems, deficiency in academic activities, anxiety and depression etc...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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