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Social and Behaviour change Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911168/effectiveness-of-communication-specific-coping-intervention-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-preliminary-results
#1
Jacinta M Douglas, Lucy Knox, Carren De Maio, Helen Bridge, Melanie Drummond, Joanne Whiteoak
People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) describe everyday interactions as a long-term challenge frequently associated with ongoing stress. Communication-specific Coping Intervention (CommCope-I) is a new treatment developed to target coping in the context of communication breakdown. The intervention incorporates principles of cognitive behavioural therapy, self-coaching and context-sensitive social communication therapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of CommCope-I in a group of adults with severe TBI and ongoing functional communication difficulties...
December 2, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884132/healthy-and-productive-workers-using-intervention-mapping-to-design-a-workplace-health-promotion-and-wellness-program-to-improve-presenteeism
#2
Carlo Ammendolia, Pierre Côté, Carol Cancelliere, J David Cassidy, Jan Hartvigsen, Eleanor Boyle, Sophie Soklaridis, Paula Stern, Benjamin Amick
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism is a growing problem in developed countries mostly due to an aging workforce. The economic costs related to presenteeism exceed those of absenteeism and employer health costs. Employers are implementing workplace health promotion and wellness programs to improve health among workers and reduce presenteeism. How best to design, integrate and deliver these programs are unknown. The main purpose of this study was to use an intervention mapping approach to develop a workplace health promotion and wellness program aimed at reducing presenteeism...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863928/a-scoping-review-of-the-role-of-lego-%C3%A2-therapy-for-improving-inclusion-and-social-skills-among-children-and-youth-with-autism
#3
REVIEW
Sally Lindsay, Kara Grace Hounsell, Celia Cassiani
BACKGROUND: LEGO(®) therapy uses children's natural interest in play to help motivate behavioural change and may be an effective teaching tool to increase social competency and communication skills. Although the literature is growing it has not been synthesized. OBJECTIVES: To review the literature on the role of LEGO(®) therapy on social skills and inclusion among children and youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). METHODS: A scoping review was conducted, involving comprehensive searches of international databases...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863498/factors-affecting-implementation-of-perinatal-mental-health-screening-in-women-of-refugee-background
#4
Nishani Nithianandan, Melanie Gibson-Helm, Jacquie McBride, Amanda Binny, Kylie M Gray, Christine East, Jacqueline A Boyle
BACKGROUND: For women of refugee background, the increased risk of mental illness associated with pregnancy is compounded by pre- and post-settlement stressors. In Australia, antenatal screening for depression and anxiety symptoms using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale is recommended for all women. Despite this, screening is not routinely implemented and little is known about barriers and enablers to implementation for women of refugee background. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a range of health professionals (n = 28: midwives, obstetricians, perinatal mental health and refugee health experts, interpreters) and women of refugee background (n = 9)...
November 18, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859798/how-to-encourage-non-donors-to-be-more-willing-to-donate-blood-testing-of-binding-communication-based-interventions
#5
D Fonte, J Blondé, F Girandola
OBJECTIVES: Our study aims to test the effectiveness of binding communication based interventions (vs classical persuasive communication based ones) inciting non-donors to act in favour of blood donation. BACKGROUND: The implementation of effective communication interventions represents a major public health issue. Nevertheless, persuasive media campaigns appear to have little effect on behaviours. Even though non-donors hold a positive attitude towards blood donation, they are not inclined to donate...
November 10, 2016: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855663/pre-pregnancy-community-based-intervention-for-couples-in-malaysia-application-of-intervention-mapping
#6
Shane A Norris, Julius Cheah Chee Ho, Aswir Abd Rashed, Vibeke Vinding, Jutta K H Skau, Regien Biesma, Jens Aagaard-Hansen, Mark Hanson, Priya Matzen
BACKGROUND: Malaysia is experiencing a nutrition transition with burgeoning obesity, particularly in women, and a growing prevalence of non-communicable disease. These health burdens have severe implications not only for adult health but also across generations. Pre-conception health promotion could address the intergenerational risk of metabolic disease. This paper describes the development of the "Jom Mama" intervention using Intervention Mapping (IM). The Jom Mama intervention aims to improve the health of young adult couples in Malaysia prior to conception...
November 17, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814893/social-determinants-and-lifestyles-integrating-environmental-and-public-health-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
H Graham, P C L White
OBJECTIVE: Industrialization and urbanization have been associated with an epidemiological transition, from communicable to non-communicable disease, and a geological transition that is moving the planet beyond the stable Holocene epoch in which human societies have prospered. The lifestyles of high-income countries are major drivers of these twin processes. Our objective is to highlight the common causes of chronic disease and environmental change and, thereby, contribute to shared perspectives across public health and the environment...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798310/social-costs-enforce-honesty-of-a-dynamic-signal-of-motivation
#8
Russell A Ligon, Kevin J McGraw
Understanding the processes that promote signal reliability may provide important insights into the evolution of diverse signalling strategies among species. The signals that animals use to communicate must comprise mechanisms that prohibit or punish dishonesty, and social costs of dishonesty have been demonstrated for several fixed morphological signals (e.g. colour badges of birds and wasps). The costs maintaining the honesty of dynamic signals, which are more flexible and potentially cheatable, are unknown...
October 26, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736897/adapting-agriculture-platforms-for-nutrition-a-case-study-of-a-participatory-video-based-agricultural-extension-platform-in-india
#9
Suneetha Kadiyala, Emily H Morgan, Shruthi Cyriac, Amy Margolies, Terry Roopnaraine
Successful integration of nutrition interventions into large-scale development programmes from nutrition-relevant sectors, such as agriculture, can address critical underlying determinants of undernutrition and enhance the coverage and effectiveness of on-going nutrition-specific activities. However, evidence on how this can be done is limited. This study examines the feasibility of delivering maternal, infant, and young child nutrition behaviour change communication through an innovative agricultural extension programme serving nutritionally vulnerable groups in rural India...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730729/development-and-validation-of-the-learning-disabilities-needs-assessment-tool-ldnat-a-honos-based-needs-assessment-tool-for-use-with-people-with-intellectual-disability
#10
J Painter, L Trevithick, R P Hastings, B Ingham, A Roy
BACKGROUND: In meeting the needs of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) who access health services, a brief, holistic assessment of need is useful. This study outlines the development and testing of the Learning Disabilities Needs Assessment Tool (LDNAT), a tool intended for this purpose. METHOD: An existing mental health (MH) tool was extended by a multidisciplinary group of ID practitioners. Additional scales were drafted to capture needs across six ID treatment domains that the group identified...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730439/perceptions-of-south-african-emerging-adult-fet-college-students-on-sexual-practices-in-relation-to-religion
#11
Colleen Gail Moodley
HIV and AIDS are rapidly spreading amongst the world's 15- to 24-year age group, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite vigorous government interventions and campaigns, 10 % of South African youth in the age cohort 15-24 are infected with HIV and AIDS. Furthermore, for the first time in history the world has its largest number of individuals under the age of 30 years. Researchers are desperately seeking a solution and have found religion to play an important role in moderating risky sexual behaviour amongst youth...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721137/music-and-health-communication-in-the-gambia-a-social-capital-approach
#12
Bonnie B McConnell
Drawing on ethnographic research with kanyeleng fertility society performers and health workers in The Gambia (2012-2013), this paper uses a social capital approach to analyze the relationship between musical performance and health communication. Health communication research has demonstrated the important role of social capital in mediating the impact of interventions. Music research has drawn attention to performance as a site in which social relationships and obligations are produced and negotiated. In this paper, I bring these two perspectives together in order to open up new ways of thinking about musical performance as a culturally appropriate strategy in health communication...
September 19, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720024/changes-in-perceptions-and-motivators-that-influence-the-implementation-of-on-farm-salmonella-control-measures-by-pig-farmers-in-england
#13
Elizabeth Marier, Richard Piers Smith, Johanne Ellis-Iversen, Eamon Watson, Derek Armstrong, Henk Hogeveen, Alasdair J C Cook
This study presents British farmers' perception of, and barriers to, implementing Salmonella control on pig farms. Four farms that had implemented interventions and their 33 close contacts (known to the intervention farmers) took part in interviews before (phase 1) and after (phase 2) intervention trials to assess the difference in perception over time. Their results were compared against those from nine randomly selected control farms. The hypothesis was that farms implementing interventions whether or not successful, would influence their close contacts' opinion over time...
October 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709714/using-longitudinal-mixed-methods-to-study-the-development-of-professional-behaviours-during-pharmacy-work-based-training
#14
Samuel D Jee, Ellen I Schafheutle, Peter R Noyce
Recent longitudinal investigations of professional socialisation and development of professional behaviours during work-based training are lacking. Using longitudinal mixed methods, this study aimed to explore the development of professional behaviours during a year of intensive work-based (pre-registration) training in pharmacy. Twenty trainee pharmacists and their tutors completed semi-structured interview and professional behaviour questionnaires at four time points during 2011/2012: months 1, 4 and 9 during training and 4 months after registration; tutors participated in months 1 and 9...
October 6, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671670/use-of-science-to-guide-city-planning-policy-and-practice-how-to-achieve-healthy-and-sustainable-future-cities
#15
James F Sallis, Fiona Bull, Ricky Burdett, Lawrence D Frank, Peter Griffiths, Billie Giles-Corti, Mark Stevenson
Land-use and transport policies contribute to worldwide epidemics of injuries and non-communicable diseases through traffic exposure, noise, air pollution, social isolation, low physical activity, and sedentary behaviours. Motorised transport is a major cause of the greenhouse gas emissions that are threatening human health. Urban and transport planning and urban design policies in many cities do not reflect the accumulating evidence that, if policies would take health effects into account, they could benefit a wide range of common health problems...
September 19, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671668/city-planning-and-population-health-a-global-challenge
#16
Billie Giles-Corti, Anne Vernez-Moudon, Rodrigo Reis, Gavin Turrell, Andrew L Dannenberg, Hannah Badland, Sarah Foster, Melanie Lowe, James F Sallis, Mark Stevenson, Neville Owen
Significant global health challenges are being confronted in the 21st century, prompting calls to rethink approaches to disease prevention. A key part of the solution is city planning that reduces non-communicable diseases and road trauma while also managing rapid urbanisation. This Series of papers considers the health impacts of city planning through transport mode choices. In this, the first paper, we identify eight integrated regional and local interventions that, when combined, encourage walking, cycling, and public transport use, while reducing private motor vehicle use...
September 19, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663851/changes-in-mental-state-and-behaviour-in-huntington-s-disease
#17
REVIEW
Clare M Eddy, Ellice G Parkinson, Hugh E Rickards
Changes in mental state and behaviour have been acknowledged in Huntington's disease since the original monograph in 1872 provided evidence of disinhibition and impaired social cognition. Behavioural problems can manifest before obvious motor symptoms and are frequently the most disabling part of the illness. Although pharmacological treatments are used routinely for psychiatric difficulties in Huntington's disease, the scientific evidence base for their use is somewhat sparse. Moreover, effective treatments for apathy and cognitive decline do not currently exist...
November 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662241/a-mixed-methods-process-evaluation-of-a-goal-management-intervention-for-patients-with-polyarthritis
#18
Roos Y Arends, Christina Bode, Erik Taal, Mart A F J Van de Laar
Process evaluations of newly developed interventions are necessary to identify effective and less effective intervention components. First aim of this study was to identify key components of a psychosocial goal management intervention from the perspective of participants, and second aim was to evaluate the intervention's fidelity. A mixed-methods approach was applied to 24 interviews with participants post-intervention and 16 audio recordings of random training sessions. Participants experienced three key components: 1) the content, in which specific exercises helped to raise awareness and (intention to) change goal management behaviour, 2) person-focused approach, specifically, the nurse as trainer and personal fit of the approach, and 3) social mechanisms, including facilitating group processes and interpersonal processes...
September 23, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632172/please-like-me-facebook-and-public-health-communication
#19
James Kite, Bridget C Foley, Anne C Grunseit, Becky Freeman
Facebook, the most widely used social media platform, has been adopted by public health organisations for health promotion and behaviour change campaigns and activities. However, limited information is available on the most effective and efficient use of Facebook for this purpose. This study sought to identify the features of Facebook posts that are associated with higher user engagement on Australian public health organisations' Facebook pages. We selected 20 eligible pages through a systematic search and coded 360-days of posts for each page...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623627/how-can-we-help-haematological-cancer-survivors-cope-with-the-changes-they-experience-as-a-result-of-their-cancer
#20
Alix Hall, Marita Lynagh, Flora Tzelepis, Chris Paul, Jamie Bryant
Haematological cancer often necessitates that individuals make significant lifestyle and behaviour changes to protect themselves against infections. It is essential that haematological cancer survivors receive the support and information they require to adjust to such changes. This cross-sectional survey of 259 haematological cancer survivors found that over two thirds of haematological cancer survivors would like to receive more detailed information or help with: diet and nutrition that takes into account their diagnosis and treatment, how to manage the symptoms from the cancer and/or treatment, signs and symptoms to be aware of that may indicate a possible infection and appropriate exercise...
September 13, 2016: Annals of Hematology
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