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Social and Behaviour change Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333196/brief-report-reduced-anxiety-following-pivotal-response-treatment-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Jiedi Lei, Denis G Sukhodolsky, Sebiha M Abdullahi, Megan L Braconnier, Pamela Ventola
Up to 40% of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit co-occurring anxiety symptoms. Despite recent success in mitigating anxiety symptoms in school-aged children with ASD (mean age >9 years) using adapted versions of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, little is known about potential treatment outcomes for younger children. To address the gap in the literature, this open-label study evaluated change in anxiety following a 16-week open-label trial of Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) in children with ASD aged 4-8 years...
November 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325549/does-exposure-to-interparental-violence-increase-women-s-risk-of-intimate-partner-violence-evidence-from-nigeria-demographic-and-health-survey
#2
Bola Lukman Solanke
BACKGROUND: Exposure to interparental violence (EIPV) has been identified as a risk factor for intimate partner violence (IPV). However, studies in Nigeria have rarely and specifically examined exposure to interparental violence as a predictor of IPV. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between exposure to interparental violence and women's experience of intimate partner violence. METHODS: The 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) women recode dataset was analysed...
January 11, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299996/consumer-perception-of-sustainability-attributes-in-organic-and-local-food
#3
Azzurra Annunziata
BACKGROUND: Although sustainable food consumption is gaining growing importance on the international agenda, research on this subject is still quite fragmented and most studies analyse single aspects of sustainable food consumption with particular reference to environmental sustainability. In addition, the literature highlights the need to take account of the strong heterogeneity of consumers in studying sustainable behaviour. Identifying consumer segments with common profiles, needs and values is essential for developing effective communication strategies to promote sustainability in food consumption...
December 14, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291049/convergence-and-divergence-in-gesture-repertoires-as-an-adaptive-mechanism-for-social-bonding-in-primates
#4
Anna Ilona Roberts, Sam George Bradley Roberts
A key challenge for primates living in large, stable social groups is managing social relationships. Chimpanzee gestures may act as a time-efficient social bonding mechanism, and the presence (homogeneity) and absence (heterogeneity) of overlap in repertoires in particular may play an important role in social bonding. However, how homogeneity and heterogeneity in the gestural repertoire of primates relate to social interaction is poorly understood. We used social network analysis and generalized linear mixed modelling to examine this question in wild chimpanzees...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282087/do-beneficiaries-views-matter-in-healthcare-purchasing-decisions-experiences-from-the-nigerian-tax-funded-health-system-and-the-formal-sector-social-health-insurance-program-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme
#5
Ogochukwu Ibe, Ayako Honda, Enyi Etiaba, Nkoli Ezumah, Kara Hanson, Obinna Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: Purchasing is a health financing function that involves the transfer of pooled resources to providers on behalf of a covered population. Little attention has been paid to the extent to which the views of that population  are reflected in purchasing decisions. This article explores how purchasers in two financing mechanisms: the Formal Sector Social Health Insurance Programme (FSSHIP) operating under the Nigerian National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), and the tax-funded health system perform their roles in light of their responsibilities to the populations...
December 28, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233466/physiotherapists-use-a-small-number-of-behaviour-change-techniques-when-promoting-physical-activity-a-systematic-review-comparing-experimental-and-observational-studies
#6
REVIEW
Breanne E Kunstler, Jill L Cook, Nicole Freene, Caroline F Finch, Joanne L Kemp, Paul D O'Halloran, James E Gaida
OBJECTIVES: Physiotherapists promote physical activity as part of their practice. This study reviewed the behaviour change techniques physiotherapists use when promoting physical activity in experimental and observational studies. DESIGN: Systematic review of experimental and observational studies. METHODS: Twelve databases were searched using terms related to physiotherapy and physical activity. We included experimental studies evaluating the efficacy of physiotherapist-led physical activity interventions delivered to adults in clinic-based private practice and outpatient settings to individuals with, or at risk of, non-communicable diseases...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214975/home-based-health-promotion-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-the-homehealth-intervention-development-and-feasibility-rct
#7
Kate Walters, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Federico Ricciardi, Rachael Hunter, Ann Liljas, Jill Manthorpe, Vari Drennan, John Wood, Claire Goodman, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: Mild frailty or pre-frailty is common and yet is potentially reversible. Preventing progression to worsening frailty may benefit individuals and lower health/social care costs. However, we know little about effective approaches to preventing frailty progression. OBJECTIVES: (1) To develop an evidence- and theory-based home-based health promotion intervention for older people with mild frailty. (2) To assess feasibility, costs and acceptability of (i) the intervention and (ii) a full-scale clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167596/vocal-foragers-and-silent-crowds-context-dependent-vocal-variation-in-northeast-atlantic-long-finned-pilot-whales
#8
Fleur Visser, Annebelle C M Kok, Machiel G Oudejans, Lindesay A S Scott-Hayward, Stacy L DeRuiter, Ana C Alves, Ricardo N Antunes, Saana Isojunno, Graham J Pierce, Hans Slabbekoorn, Jef Huisman, Patrick J O Miller
Abstract: Vocalisations form a key component of the social interactions and foraging behaviour of toothed whales. We investigated changes in calling and echolocation behaviour of long-finned pilot whales between foraging and non-foraging periods, by combining acoustic recordings and diving depth data from tagged individuals with concurrent surface observations on social behaviour of their group. The pilot whales showed marked vocal variation, specific to foraging and social context. During periods of foraging, pilot whales showed more vocal activity than during non-foraging periods (rest, travel)...
2017: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083295/social-media-technology-and-public-health-in-ontario-findings-from-a-planning-meeting-exploring-current-practices-and-future-research-directions
#9
Richard Booth, Josephine McMurray, Sandra Regan, Anita Kothari, Lorie Donelle, Susan McBride, Annette Sobel, Jodi Hall, Robert Fraser, Lyndsay Foisey
In the province of Ontario, many of the public health units (PHUs) now possess and use social media as part of their daily health promotion and communication operations. To explore this topic, a planning meeting was held to generate deeper insights toward the use of these forms of technology for preventative services delivery. The planning meeting was held with 50 participants, comprising representatives from 20 of the 36 PHUs in Ontario, interested academics, students and government representatives. A nominal group technique (NGT) was used to build consensus related to future research needs, as related to public health and social media...
2017: Nursing Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076013/hospital-staff-views-of-prescribing-and-discharge-communication-before-and-after-electronic-prescribing-system-implementation
#10
Pamela Ruth Mills, Anita Elaine Weidmann, Derek Stewart
Background Electronic prescribing system implementation is recommended to improve patient safety and general practitioner's discharge information communication. There is a paucity of information about hospital staff perspectives before and after system implementation. Objective To explore hospital staff views regarding prescribing and discharge communication systems before and after hospital electronic prescribing and medicines administration (HEPMA) system implementation. Setting A 560 bed United Kingdom district general hospital...
December 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065943/invited-review-the-evolution-of-cattle-bioacoustics-and-application-for-advanced-dairy-systems
#11
A C Green, I N Johnston, C E F Clark
Vocalisations are commonly expressed by gregarious animals, including cattle, as a form of short- and long-distance communication. They can provide conspecifics with meaningful information about the physiology, affective state and physical attributes of the caller. In cattle, calls are individually distinct meaning they assist animals to identify specific individuals in the herd. Consequently, there is potential for these vocalisations to be acoustically analysed to make inferences about how individual animals or herds are coping with their external surroundings, and then act on these signals to improve feed conversion efficiency, reproductive efficiency and welfare...
October 25, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051517/human-attention-affects-facial-expressions-in-domestic-dogs
#12
Juliane Kaminski, Jennifer Hynds, Paul Morris, Bridget M Waller
Most mammalian species produce facial expressions. Historically, animal facial expressions have been considered inflexible and involuntary displays of emotional states rather than active attempts to communicate with others. In the current study, we aimed to test whether domestic dog facial expressions are subject to audience effects and/ or changes in response to an arousing stimulus (e.g. food) alone. We presented dogs with an experimental situation in which a human demonstrator was either attending to them or turned away, and varied whether she presented food or not...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994719/an-iot-based-solution-for-monitoring-a-fleet-of-educational-buildings-focusing-on-energy-efficiency
#13
Dimitrios Amaxilatis, Orestis Akrivopoulos, Georgios Mylonas, Ioannis Chatzigiannakis
Raising awareness among young people and changing their behaviour and habits concerning energy usage is key to achieving sustained energy saving. Additionally, young people are very sensitive to environmental protection so raising awareness among children is much easier than with any other group of citizens. This work examines ways to create an innovative Information & Communication Technologies (ICT) ecosystem (including web-based, mobile, social and sensing elements) tailored specifically for school environments, taking into account both the users (faculty, staff, students, parents) and school buildings, thus motivating and supporting young citizens' behavioural change to achieve greater energy efficiency...
October 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971685/family-based-obesity-prevention-perceptions-of-canadian-parents-of-preschool-age-children
#14
Carley O'Kane, Angela Wallace, Laura Wilson, Angela Annis, David W L Ma, Jess Haines
Our objectives were to explore the perspectives of a community-based sample of Canadian parents with 2-5-year-old children on: (i) strategies to support the development of healthful weight-related behaviours and (ii) assessment approaches to measure weight-related behaviours and outcomes among children and families. We conducted 4 focus groups with 28 parents (89% mothers and 68% identified as White). Transcripts were analyzed using conventional content analysis. Regarding parent's perceptions of strategies to support healthful behaviours, we found that parents largely valued: home-based interventions, expert opinion, practical health behaviour strategies delivered in a nonjudgmental manner, and opportunities for social support...
October 3, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960878/experiences-and-lessons-learned-for-delivery-of-micronutrient-powders-interventions
#15
Ietje Reerink, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Alia Poonawala, Christina Nyhus Dhillon, Nancy Aburto, Deepika Chaudhery, Hou Kroeun, Marcia Griffiths, Mohammad Raisul Haque, Anabelle Bonvecchio, Maria Elena Jefferds, Rahul Rawat
An effective delivery strategy coupled with relevant social and behaviour change communication (SBCC) have been identified as central to the implementation of micronutrient powders (MNP) interventions, but there has been limited documentation of what works. Under the auspices of "The Micronutrient Powders Consultation: Lessons Learned for Operational Guidance," three working groups were formed to summarize experiences and lessons across countries regarding MNP interventions for young children. This paper focuses on programmatic experiences related to MNP delivery (models, platforms, and channels), SBCC, and training...
September 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901162/imagining-autism-feasibility-of-a-drama-based-intervention-on-the-social-communicative-and-imaginative-behaviour-of-children-with-autism
#16
Julie Beadle-Brown, David Wilkinson, Lisa Richardson, Nicola Shaughnessy, Melissa Trimingham, Jennifer Leigh, Beckie Whelton, Julian Himmerich
We report the feasibility of a novel, school-based intervention, coined 'Imagining Autism', in which children with autism engage with drama practitioners though participatory play and improvisation in a themed multi-sensory 'pod' resembling a portable, tent-like structure. A total of 22 children, aged 7-12 years, from three UK schools engaged in the 10-week programme. Measures of social interaction, communication and emotion recognition, along with parent and teacher ratings, were collected before and up to 12 months after the intervention...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#17
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893263/evaluation-of-a-continuous-community-based-itn-distribution-pilot-in-lainya-county-south-sudan-2012-2013
#18
Albert Kilian, Lisa Woods Schnurr, Tafadzwa Matova, Richmond Ato Selby, Kojo Lokko, Sean Blaufuss, Miatta Zenabu Gbanya, Ruth Allan, Hannah Koenker, Martin Swaka, George Greer, Megan Fotheringham, Lilia Gerberg, Matthew Lynch
BACKGROUND: Continuous distribution of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) has now been accepted as one way of sustaining ITN universal coverage. Community-based channels offer an interesting means of delivering ITNs to households to sustain universal ITN coverage. The objective of this study was to provide proof of concept for this channel. METHODS: A 9-month, community-based, distribution pilot was implemented beginning 1 year after a mass campaign in Lainya County, South Sudan from 2012 to 2013...
September 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891109/strengthening-community-mental-health-competence-a-realist-informed-case-study-from-dehradun-north-india
#19
Kaaren Mathias, Jeph Mathias, Isabel Goicolea, Michelle Kermode
Few accounts exist of programmes in low- and middle-income countries seeking to strengthen community knowledge and skills in mental health. This case study uses a realist lens to explore how a mental health project in a context with few mental health services, strengthened community mental health competence by increasing community knowledge, creating safer social spaces and engaging partnerships for action. We used predominantly qualitative methods to explore relationships between context, interventions, mechanisms and outcomes in the "natural setting" of a community-based mental health project in Dehradun district, Uttarakhand, North India...
September 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870688/-what-do-virtual-reality-tools-bring-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#20
S Bioulac, E de Sevin, P Sagaspe, A Claret, P Philip, J A Micoulaud-Franchi, M P Bouvard
Virtual reality is a relatively new technology that enables individuals to immerse themselves in a virtual world. It offers several advantages including a more realistic, lifelike environment that may allow subjects to "forget" they are being assessed, allow a better participation and an increased generalization of learning. Moreover, the virtual reality system can provide multimodal stimuli, such as visual and auditory stimuli, and can also be used to evaluate the patient's multimodal integration and to aid rehabilitation of cognitive abilities...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
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