keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Research; monitoring & evaluation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346795/understanding-the-emission-impacts-of-hov-to-hot-lane-conversions-experience-from-atlanta-ga
#1
Yanzhi Ann Xu, Haobing Liu, Michael O Rodgers, Angshuman Guin, Michael Hunter, Adnan Sheikh, Randall L Guensler
Converting a congested High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lane into a High Occupancy Toll (HOT) lane is a viable option for improving travel time reliability for carpools and buses that use the managed lane. However, the emission impacts of HOV-to-HOT-conversions are not well understood. The lack of emissions impact quantification for HOT conversions creates a policy challenge for agencies making transportation funding choices. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the case study before-and-after changes in vehicle emissions for the Atlanta, GA I-85 HOV/HOT lane conversion project, implemented in October, 2011...
March 27, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346070/origin-of-disinfection-by-products-in-cheeses
#2
Maria Jose Cardador, Mercedes Gallego, Francisco Prados, José Fernández-Salguero
The disinfection of water, equipment and surfaces in the cheese factory is one of the factors that can originate disinfection by-products (DBPs) in cheeses. This research has focused on studying cheese factories in order to evaluate the individual contribution of each step of the cheese-making process that can contribute to the presence of DBPs in cheeses. Ten factories were selected according to their salting processes (brine salting or dry salting). Each factory was monitored by the collection of six representative samples (factory water supply, brine solution, milk, whey, curd, and cheese) in which the concentrations of up to eight chemicals were detected...
March 27, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346025/guidance-on-radiation-dose-limits-for-the-lens-of-the-eye-overview-of-the-recommendations-in-ncrp-commentary-no-26
#3
Lawrence T Dauer, Elizabeth A Ainsbury, Joseph Dynlacht, David Hoel, Barbara E K Klein, Don Mayer, Christina R Prescott, Raymond H Thornton, Eliseo Vano, Gayle E Woloschak, Cynthia M Flannery, Lee E Goldstein, Nobuyuki Hamada, Phung K Tran, Michael P Grissom, Eleanor A Blakely
PURPOSE: This review summarizes the conclusions and recommendations of the new NCRP Commentary No. 26 guidance on radiation dose limits for the lens of the eye. The NCRP also addressed radiation protection principles with respect to the lens of the eye, discussed the current understanding of eye biology and lens effects, reviewed and evaluated epidemiology, and assessed exposed populations with the potential for significant radiation exposures to the lens while suggesting monitoring and protection practices...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345059/health-and-disease-imprinted-in-the-time-variability-of-the-human-microbiome
#4
Jose Manuel Martí, Daniel Martínez-Martínez, Teresa Rubio, César Gracia, Manuel Peña, Amparo Latorre, Andrés Moya, Carlos P Garay
The animal microbiota (including the human microbiota) plays an important role in keeping the physiological status of the host healthy. Research seeks greater insight into whether changes in the composition and function of the microbiota are associated with disease. We analyzed published 16S rRNA and shotgun metagenomic sequencing (SMS) data pertaining to the gut microbiotas of 99 subjects monitored over time. Temporal fluctuations in the microbial composition revealed significant differences due to factors such as dietary changes, antibiotic intake, age, and disease...
March 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344835/a-review-of-mercury-exposure-and-health-of-dental-personnel
#5
REVIEW
Natasha Nagpal, Silvana S Bettiol, Amy Isham, Ha Hoang, Leonard A Crocombe
Considerable effort has been made to address the issue of occupational health and environmental exposure to mercury. This review reports on the current literature of mercury exposure and health impacts on dental personnel. Citations were searched using four comprehensive electronic databases for articles published between 2002 and 2015. All original articles that evaluated an association between the use of dental amalgam and occupational mercury exposure in dental personnel were included. Fifteen publications from nine different countries met the selection criteria...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342345/use-of-exhaled-air-as-an-improved-biomonitoring-method-to-assess-perchloroethylene-short-term-exposure
#6
Cláudia M Dias, Helvécio C Menezes, Zenilda L Cardeal
This paper shows the use of exhaled air as a biomonitoring method to assess perchloroethylene (PERC) environmental and occupational exposure. A sensitive, fast, and solvent free analytical method was developed to determine PERC in ambient and exhaled air of individuals occupationally exposed. The developed method used cold fiber solid phase microextraction (CF-SPME) as the sampling technique, and a standard permeation method to simulation of air matrix. The analysis were conducted by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC/MS)...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342090/the-effect-of-varenicline-and-nicotine-patch-on-smoking-rate-and-satisfaction-with-smoking-an-examination-of-the-mechanism-of-action-of-two-pre-quit-pharmacotherapies
#7
Wenying Lu, Kate Chappell, Julia A E Walters, Glenn A Jacobson, Rahul Patel, Natalie Schüz, Stuart G Ferguson
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, there has been growing research interest in using nicotine replacement medications to aid smoking reduction prior to a quit attempt. Gaining a better understanding of how treatments influence smoking reduction may allow for better tailoring of treatments and, ultimately, better cessation outcomes. The objective of the current study was to test the effects of the pre-quit use of varenicline and nicotine patch on smoking rate and satisfaction with smoking. METHODS: All participants were required to attend up to five study visit sections...
March 24, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341726/rest-and-treatment-rehabilitation-following-sport-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Kathryn J Schneider, John J Leddy, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Tad Seifert, Michael McCrea, Noah D Silverberg, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Grant L Iverson, Alix Hayden, Michael Makdissi
AIM OR OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence regarding rest and active treatment/rehabilitation following sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (OVID), CINAHL (EbscoHost), PsycInfo (OVID), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (OVID), SPORTDiscus (EbscoHost), EMBASE (OVID) and Proquest DissertationsandTheses Global (Proquest) were searched systematically...
March 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341617/internet-delivered-health-interventions-that-work-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-and-evaluation-of-website-availability
#9
Mary Am Rogers, Kelsey Lemmen, Rachel Kramer, Jason Mann, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Due to easy access and low cost, Internet-delivered therapies offer an attractive alternative to improving health. Although numerous websites contain health-related information, finding evidence-based programs (as demonstrated through randomized controlled trials, RCTs) can be challenging. We sought to bridge the divide between the knowledge gained from RCTs and communication of the results by conducting a global systematic review and analyzing the availability of evidence-based Internet health programs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341462/asthma-management-in-a-specialist-setting-results-of-an-italian-respiratory-society-survey
#10
Fulvio Braido, Baiardini Ilaria, Pietro Alleri, Elena Bacci, Carlo Barbetta, Michela Bellocchia, Alida Benfante, Francesco Blasi, Caterina Bucca, Maria Teresa Busceti, Stefano Centanni, Maria Cristina Colanardi, Marco Contoli, Angelo Corsico, Maria D 'Amato, Fabiano Di Marco, Dottorini Marco, Marta Ferrari, Giovanni Florio, Alessandro Giuseppe Fois, Maria Pia Foschino Barbaro, Garuti Silvia, Giuseppe Girbino, Amelia Grosso, Manuela Latorre, Sara Maniscalco, Francesco Mazza, Carlo Mereu, Giorgia Molinengo, Josuel Ora, Pierluigi Paggiaro, Vincenzo Patella, Girolamo Pelaia, Pietro Pirina, Alfio Proietto, Paola Rogliani, Pierachille Santus, Nicola Scichilone, Francesca Simioli, Paolo Solidoro, Silvia Terraneo, Umberto Zuccon, Giorgio Walter Canonica
BACKGROUND: Asthma considerably impairs patients' quality of life and increases healthcare costs. Severity, morbidity, and degree of disease control are the major drivers of its clinical and economic impact. National scientific societies are required to monitor the application of international guidelines and to adopt strategies to improve disease control and better allocate resources. AIM: to provide a detailed picture of the characteristics of asthma patients and modalities of asthma management by specialists in Italy and to develop recommendations for the daily management of asthma in a specialist setting...
March 21, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341302/health-systems-in-the-republic-of-congo-challenges-and-opportunities-for-implementing-tuberculosis-and-hiv-collaborative-service-research-and-training-activities
#11
Laure Stella Ghoma Linguissi, Luc Christian Gwom, Celine Nguefeu Nkenfou, Matthew Bates, Eskild Petersen, Alimuddin Zumla, Francine Ntoumi
The Republic of Congo is on the World Health Organization (WHO) list of 'high burden' countries for tuberculosis (TB) and HIV. TB is the leading cause of death among HIV-infected patients in the Republic of Congo. In this viewpoint, the available data on TB and HIV in the Republic of Congo are reviewed, and the gaps and bottlenecks that the National TB Control Program (NTCP) faces are discussed. Furthermore, priority requirements for developing and implementing TB and HIV collaborative service activities are identified...
March 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340973/multilevel-interventions-targeting-obesity-research-recommendations-for-vulnerable-populations
#12
June Stevens, Charlotte Pratt, Josephine Boyington, Cheryl Nelson, Kimberly P Truesdale, Dianne S Ward, Leslie Lytle, Nancy E Sherwood, Thomas N Robinson, Shirley Moore, Shari Barkin, Ying Kuen Cheung, David M Murray
INTRODUCTION: The origins of obesity are complex and multifaceted. To be successful, an intervention aiming to prevent or treat obesity may need to address multiple layers of biological, social, and environmental influences. METHODS: NIH recognizes the importance of identifying effective strategies to combat obesity, particularly in high-risk and disadvantaged populations with heightened susceptibility to obesity and subsequent metabolic sequelae. To move this work forward, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, in collaboration with the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research and NIH Office of Disease Prevention convened a working group to inform research on multilevel obesity interventions in vulnerable populations...
January 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340136/the-effect-of-a-class-smoke-free-pledge-on-breath-carbon-monoxide-in-arabic-male-adolescents
#13
Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Yousef S Khader, Smita Shah, Jessica K Roydhouse, Robyn Gallagher
Introduction: Arabic male adolescents have a high smoking prevalence. Introduction of "Class smoke-free" pledges have been successful amongst European adolescents but have not been evaluated using objective valid measures. We tested the impact of adding a smoke free pledge strategy to a proven peer-led asthma and smoking prevention program on breath carbon monoxide level (BCO) in male high-school students in Jordan. Methods: We enrolled male students from four high-schools in Irbid, Jordan...
March 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338450/postoperative-quality-of-life-assessment-in-patients-with-spine-metastases-treated-with-long-segment-pedicle-screw-fixation
#14
Florian Bernard, Jean-Michel Lemée, Olivier Lucas, Philippe Menei
OBJECTIVE In recent decades, progress in the medical management of cancer has been significant, resulting in considerable extension of survival for patients with metastatic disease. This has, in turn, led to increased attention to the optimal surgical management of bone lesions, including metastases to the spine. In addition, there has been a shift in focus toward improving quality of life and reducing hospital stay for these patients, and many minimally invasive techniques have been introduced with the aim of reducing the morbidity associated with more traditional open approaches...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337845/nurses-attitudes-towards-the-use-of-prn-psychotropic-medications-in-acute-and-forensic-mental-health-settings
#15
Lesley Barr, Dianne Wynaden, Karen Heslop
Many countries now have national mental health policies and guidelines to decrease or eliminate the use of seclusion and restraint yet the use of Pro Re Nata (PRN) medications has received less practice evaluation. This research aimed to identify mental health nurses' attitudes towards the use of PRN medications with mental health consumers. Participants were working in forensic mental health and non-forensic acute mental health settings. The "Attitudes towards PRN medication use survey" was used and data were collected online...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337687/assessing-the-culture-of-residency-using-the-c-change-resident-survey-validity-evidence-in-34-u-s-residency-programs
#16
Linda H Pololi, Arthur T Evans, Janet T Civian, Sandy Shea, Robert T Brennan
BACKGROUND: A practical instrument is needed to reliably measure the clinical learning environment and professionalism for residents. OBJECTIVE: To develop and present evidence of validity of an instrument to assess the culture of residency programs and the clinical learning environment. DESIGN: During 2014-2015, we surveyed residents using the C - Change Resident Survey to assess residents' perceptions of the culture in their programs. PARTICIPANTS: Residents in all years of training in 34 programs in internal medicine, pediatrics, and general surgery in 14 geographically diverse public and private academic health systems...
March 23, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337487/gender-discrimination-gender-disparities-in-obesity-and-human-development
#17
Fabrizio Ferretti, Michele Mariani
Measuring gender inequality and women's empowerment is essential to understand the determinants of gender gaps, evaluate policies and monitor countries' progress. With this aim, over the past two decades, research has mainly been directed towards the development of composite indices. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new and interdisciplinary perspective to the current debate on measuring gender inequality in human development. As a starting point, we develop a simple macroeconomic model of the interdependence between human development and gender inequality...
March 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336507/planking-or-the-lying-down-game-two-case-reports
#18
Stefania Barbieri, Paolo Feltracco, Luca Omizzolo, Rossella Snenghi, Rafi El Mazloum, Gianna Vettore, Mauro Bergamini, Armando Stefanati, Daniele Donato, Cecilia Ferronato, Francesco Maria Avato, Alberto Tredese, Rosa Maria Gaudio
BACKGROUND: The monitoring and management of risks regarding children and young people admitted to the emergency department as a result of dangerous behaviors distributed via the Internet should be based on clinical reasoning and knowledge about these social media-related phenomena. Here we examine 2 cases of teenagers who reported severe injuries while performing the "planking" craze, a challenge that consists in lying face-down stiffly like a board on any kind of surface. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to examine and describe the Internet craze called planking, also known as the "lying-down game," through 2 case reports from our experience, enriching this study with information gained through discussions with secondary school teenagers...
March 23, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333633/no-reference-quality-assessment-of-tone-mapped-hdr-pictures
#19
Debarati Kundu, Deepti Ghadiyaram, Alan Bovik, Brian Evans
Being able to automatically predict digital picture quality, as perceived by human observers, has become important in many applications where humans are the ultimate consumers of displayed visual information. Standard dynamic range (SDR) images provide 8 bits/color/pixel. High dynamic range (HDR) images which are usually created from multiple exposures of the same scene, can provide 16 or 32 bits/color/pixel, but must be tonemapped to SDR for display on standard monitors. Multi-exposure fusion (MEF) techniques bypass HDR creation, by fusing the exposure stack directly to SDR format while aiming for aesthetically pleasing luminance and color distributions...
March 22, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333375/renal-nerves-and-long-term-control-of-arterial-pressure
#20
John W Osborn, Jason D Foss
The objective of this review is to provide an in-depth evaluation of how renal nerves regulate renal and cardiovascular function with a focus on long-term control of arterial pressure. We begin by reviewing the anatomy of renal nerves and then briefly discuss how the activity of renal nerves affects renal function. Current methods for measurement and quantification of efferent renal-nerve activity (ERNA) in animals and humans are discussed. Acute regulation of ERNA by classical neural reflexes as well and hormonal inputs to the brain is reviewed...
March 16, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
keyword
keyword
22582
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"