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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042448/myo-inositol-effects-in-women-with-pcos-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Vittorio Unfer, Fabio Facchinetti, Beatrice Orrù, Barbara Giordani, John Nestler
Myo-inositol (MI) supplementation in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been evaluated over the last years. Many hormonal and reproductive impairments associated with this disorder seem relieved by the supplement. The objective of the meta-analysis was to assess the effects of MI alone or combined with d-chiro-inositol (DCI) on the endocrine and metabolic abnormalities of women with PCOS. Literature was retrieved from selected databases, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed and Research Gate (up to November 2016)...
November 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041785/professional-nurses-lived-experiences-regarding-the-performance-management-system-in-the-mopani-district
#2
Sheillah H Mboweni, Lufuno Makhado
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the performance management system (PMS) is planning, monitoring, evaluation and development of employees to meet the organisational goals and objectives and transform of service delivery to excellence of the organisation. However, public services are deteriorating and implementation of PMS stimulated different views among professional nurses (PNs) in the Mopani district clinics, which warrants exploration and documentation of the findings. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore and describe the PNs' perceptions towards PMS...
October 13, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040025/effect-of-chronic-consumption-of-pistachios-pistacia-vera-l-on-glucose-metabolism-in-pre-diabetics-and-type-2-diabetics-a-systematic-review
#3
Priscila Vaz de Melo Ribeiro, Alessandra da Silva, Alinne Paula de Almeida, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Rita de Cássia Gonçalves Alfenas
Pistachio is a nut with high polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), polyphenols and carotenoids content, and the synergism between these compounds appears to affect glucose metabolism. In this systematic review we analyzed studies in which the effect of chronic consumption of pistachio on markers of glucose metabolism was evaluated in pre-diabetic and type 2 diabetics. We used the PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane and Lilacs databases. The research terms used were pistachio, pre-diabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, blood glucose, hyperglycemia and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038553/a-comparison-of-passive-and-active-estimates-of-sleep-in-a-cohort-with-schizophrenia
#4
Patrick Staples, John Torous, Ian Barnett, Kenzie Carlson, Luis Sandoval, Matcheri Keshavan, Jukka-Pekka Onnela
Sleep abnormalities are considered an important feature of schizophrenia, yet convenient and reliable sleep monitoring remains a challenge. Smartphones offer a novel solution to capture both self-reported and objective measures of sleep in schizophrenia. In this three-month observational study, 17 subjects with a diagnosis of schizophrenia currently in treatment downloaded Beiwe, a platform for digital phenotyping, on their personal Apple or Android smartphones. Subjects were given tri-weekly ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) on their own smartphones, and passive data including accelerometer, GPS, screen use, and anonymized call and text message logs was continuously collected...
October 16, 2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037177/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-a-theory-based-tool-to-measure-self-care-in-diabetes-patients-the-self-care-of-diabetes-inventory
#5
Davide Ausili, Claudio Barbaranelli, Emanuela Rossi, Paola Rebora, Diletta Fabrizi, Chiara Coghi, Michela Luciani, Ercole Vellone, Stefania Di Mauro, Barbara Riegel
BACKGROUND: Self-care is essential for patients with diabetes mellitus. Both clinicians and researchers must be able to assess the quality of that self-care. Available tools have various limitations and none are theoretically based. The aims of this study were to develop and to test the psychometric properties of a new instrument based on the middle range-theory of self-care of chronic illness: the Self-Care of Diabetes Inventory (SCODI). METHODS: Forty SCODI items (5 point Likert type scale) were developed based on clinical recommendations and grouped into 4 dimensions: self-care maintenance, self-care monitoring, self-care management and self-care confidence based on the theory...
October 16, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037170/multidisciplinary-consensus-on-screening-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-fetal-growth-restriction-in-the-netherlands
#6
Viki Verfaille, Ank de Jonge, Lidwine Mokkink, Myrte Westerneng, Henriëtte van der Horst, Petra Jellema, Arie Franx
BACKGROUND: Screening for, diagnosis and management of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is often performed in multidisciplinary collaboration. However, variation in screening methods, diagnosis and management of IUGR may lead to confusion. In the Netherlands two monodisciplinary guidelines on IUGR do not fully align. To facilitate effective collaboration between different professionals in perinatal care, we undertook a Delphi study with uniform recommendations as our primary result, focusing on issues that are not aligned or for which specifications are lacking in the current guidelines...
October 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035792/evolution-of-consciousness-of-exposure-to-siloxanes-review-of-publications
#7
REVIEW
Krystyna Mojsiewicz-Pieńkowska, Dominika Krenczkowska
The purpose of this description is to review scientific literature from 1944 to 2017 as a source of information on the reasons for the increased interest in siloxanes (silicones). Not only the research area, but first, the changes in the tendency of research aims are important issues in the evaluation. On the one hand, the authors emphasize the unique properties of linear and cyclic siloxanes, providing many examples of beneficial applications, and on the other hand, there are some warnings of overcoming of the safety barrier of their presence in human environment...
October 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032849/mapping-the-landscape-of-patient-centric-activities-within-clinical-research
#8
Mary Jo Lamberti, Josephine Awatin
PURPOSE: Although there has been more involvement by patients in the drug-development process, there are not a lot of published data that quantify patient-centric activities or that document these activities across a large scale. In order to examine the patient-centricity landscape and to quantify the adoption and implementation of these initiatives, the Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development and the Drug Information Association collaborated on a research study. The study examined patient-centric activities implemented by pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and contract research organizations, as well as activities being piloted or in the planning stages...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032625/the-potential-role-of-micronutrient-powders-to-improve-complementary-feeding-practices
#9
Kendra Siekmans, France Bégin, Ruth Situma, Roland Kupka
Micronutrient powder (MNP) interventions are often integrated within infant and young child feeding (IYCF) programmes to improve micronutrient intake from complementary foods. This review aims to describe country experiences with MNP interventions and their impact on IYCF practices and develop a framework for how MNP may strengthen complementary feeding practices. A literature review and key informant interviews were used to gather data on complementary feeding practices in MNP programme design, implementation, and evaluation...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032620/evaluation-of-programs-to-improve-complementary-feeding-in-infants-and-young-children
#10
Edward A Frongillo
Evaluation of complementary feeding programs is needed to enhance knowledge on what works, to document responsible use of resources, and for advocacy. Evaluation is done during program conceptualization and design, implementation, and determination of effectiveness. This paper explains the role of evaluation in the advancement of complementary feeding programs, presenting concepts and methods and illustrating them through examples. Planning and investments for evaluations should occur from the beginning of the project life cycle...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032529/biological-and-analytical-techniques-used-for-detection-of-polyaromatic-hydrocarbons
#11
Sunil Kumar, Sangeeta Negi, Pralay Maiti
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons contain two or more fused benzene rings that are considered as cosmo-pollutants ubiquitously found in the environment. The identification and monitoring of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are of great interests for rapid and on-site detection. Therefore, many analytical and biological techniques have been proposed for the qualitative and quantitative assessments of PAHs. Non-biological analytical techniques such as infrared, Raman, and fluorescence spectroscopies are commonly exploited as non-destructive techniques while gas chromatography (GC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with multiple detectors are extensively employed for the separation and detection of an analyte...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032128/effectiveness-of-the-teacher-s-vocal-health-program-tvhp-in-the-municipal-education-network-of-campo-grande-ms
#12
Paulo Roberto Haidamuss de Oliveira Bastos, Elisangela Carelli Hermes
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to implement and evaluate the effectiveness of the Teacher's Vocal Health Program in the Municipal Education Network in Campo Grande, MS, in the 2016 school year so as to reduce or extinguish the high prevalence of vocal symptoms among teachers. METHODS: This is an experimental research with convenience sampling of 48 teachers presenting with vocal symptoms. The Vocal Symptoms Scale was used to collect data, which according to the criteria of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust, present proved psychometric properties and is specific to evaluate individuals with vocal alterations...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030748/neuroimaging-of-cavernous-malformations
#13
REVIEW
Maxim Mokin, Siviero Agazzi, Lowell Dawson, Christopher T Primiani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are common vascular abnormalities often discovered on imaging as an incidental finding. The most common clinical presentations of CCMs include seizure, headache, focal neurological deficits, and intracranial hemorrhage. This article discusses the most recent guidelines including imaging diagnostic criteria and radiographic standards of CCMs and reviews the utility of currently available imaging techniques. RECENT FINDINGS: Gradient echo T2*-weighted imaging and susceptibility-weighted imaging are the recommended imaging protocols for evaluation of suspected CCMs...
October 13, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030133/use-of-a-national-database-as-a-tool-to-identify-primary-medication-non-adherence-the-estonian-eprescription-system
#14
Ott Laius, Heti Pisarev, Daisy Volmer, Sulev Kõks, Aare Märtson, Katre Maasalu
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence can be divided into primary and secondary adherence. Primary medication non-adherence (PMN) occurs when a patient does not obtain medicine with their initial prescription. Secondary non-adherence measures prescription refills among patients who previously filled their first prescription. While secondary non-adherence has been studied thoroughly, PMN has been assessed less extensively, due to lack of available data. Estonian ePrescription system might prove a valuable tool for this...
October 5, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029109/early-diagnosis-of-acute-coronary-syndrome
#15
Hugo Katus, André Ziegler, Okan Ekinci, Evangelos Giannitsis, Wendy Gattis Stough, Stephan Achenbach, Stefan Blankenberg, Martina Brueckmann, Paul Collinson, Dorin Comaniciu, Filippo Crea, Wilfried Dinh, Grégory Ducrocq, Frank A Flachskampf, Keith A A Fox, Matthias G Friedrich, Kathy A Hebert, Anders Himmelmann, Mark Hlatky, Dominik Lautsch, Bertil Lindahl, Daniel Lindholm, Nicholas L Mills, Giorgio Minotti, Martin Möckel, Torbjørn Omland, Véronique Semjonow
The diagnostic evaluation of acute chest pain has been augmented in recent years by advances in the sensitivity and precision of cardiac troponin assays, new biomarkers, improvements in imaging modalities, and release of new clinical decision algorithms. This progress has enabled physicians to diagnose or rule-out acute myocardial infarction earlier after the initial patient presentation, usually in emergency department settings, which may facilitate prompt initiation of evidence-based treatments, investigation of alternative diagnoses for chest pain, or discharge, and permit better utilization of healthcare resources...
October 3, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028579/the-views-of-first-time-mothers-completing-an-intervention-to-reduce-postpartum-weight-retention-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-mums-online-study
#16
Paige van der Pligt, Kylie Ball, Kylie D Hesketh, David Crawford, Megan Teychenne, Karen Campbell
BACKGROUND: maternal postpartum weight retention (PPWR) has implications for short and long term weight-related health of both the mother and child. Little is known about how mothers perceive they may be best supported to achieve a healthy postpartum weight and healthy lifestyle behaviours. Evaluating existing postpartum weight focussed intervention strategies is an important step in the planning of future programs aimed at supporting new mothers. AIM: to describe the perspectives of women who completed the mums OnLiNE pilot intervention, regarding the acceptability and effectiveness of a program which aimed to limit PPWR and promote healthy diet and physical activity behaviours in new mothers...
September 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027948/comparing-the-performance-of-indoor-localization-systems-through-the-evaal-framework
#17
Francesco Potortì, Sangjoon Park, Antonio Ramón Jiménez Ruiz, Paolo Barsocchi, Michele Girolami, Antonino Crivello, So Yeon Lee, Jae Hyun Lim, Joaquín Torres-Sospedra, Fernando Seco, Raul Montoliu, Germán Martin Mendoza-Silva, Maria Del Carmen Pérez Rubio, Cristina Losada-Gutiérrez, Felipe Espinosa, Javier Macias-Guarasa
In recent years, indoor localization systems have been the object of significant research activity and of growing interest for their great expected social impact and their impressive business potential. Application areas include tracking and navigation, activity monitoring, personalized advertising, Active and Assisted Living (AAL), traceability, Internet of Things (IoT) networks, and Home-land Security. In spite of the numerous research advances and the great industrial interest, no canned solutions have yet been defined...
October 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027496/optimizing-usability-and-signal-capture-a-proactive-risk-assessment-for-the-implementation-of-a-wireless-vital-sign-monitoring-system
#18
Rebecca Kowalski, Muge Capan, Peter Lodato, Danielle Mosby, Tamekia Thomas, Ryan Arnold, Kristen Miller
Wearable vital sign monitors are a promising step towards optimal patient surveillance, providing continuous data to allow for early detection and treatment of patient deterioration. However, as wearable monitors become more widely adopted in healthcare, there is a corresponding need to carefully design the implementation of these tools to promote their integration into clinical workflows and defend against potential misuse and patient harm. Prior to the roll-out of these monitors, our multidisciplinary team of clinicians, clinical engineers, information technologists and research investigators conducted a modified Healthcare Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (HFMEA), a proactive evaluation of potential problems which could be encountered in the use of a wireless vital signs monitoring system...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023966/genotoxicity-of-airborne-pm2-5-assessed-by-salmonella-and-comet-assays-in-five-cities-of-the-emilia-romagna-italy-mutagenicity-monitoring-network
#19
Clara Bocchi, Cristina Bazzini, Federica Fontana, Giancarlo Pinto, Francesca Cassoni
Airborne particulate matter (PM) has long been recognized as a potential health hazard and in 2013 was classified as carcinogenic to humans by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. In this study we evaluate and compare mutagenic and genotoxic potencies of PM2.5 collected in three seasons, from 2012 to 2015, in five Italian cities. Mutagenicity was evaluated through the Ames test on TA98 and TA100 strains and, for the measurement of PM clastogenicity, Comet assay was carried out on cultured human lung cells (A549)...
October 11, 2017: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022167/stochastic-evaluation-of-annual-micropollutant-loads-and-their-uncertainties-in-separate-storm-sewers
#20
Ali Hannouche, Ghassan Chebbo, Claude Joannis, Johnny Gasperi, Marie-Christine Gromaire, Régis Moilleron, Sylvie Barraud, Véronique Ruban
This article describes a stochastic method to calculate the annual pollutant loads and its application over several years at the outlet of three catchments drained by separate storm sewers. A stochastic methodology using Monte Carlo simulations is proposed for assessing annual pollutant load, as well as the associated uncertainties, from a few event sampling campaigns and/or continuous turbidity measurements (representative of the total suspended solids concentration (TSS)). Indeed, in the latter case, the proposed method takes into account the correlation between pollutants and TSS...
October 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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