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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227217/acceptability-of-a-team-based-mobile-health-mhealth-application-for-lifestyle-self-management-in-individuals-with-chronic-illnesses
#1
Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli, Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli, Dori Rosenberg, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, Peter Pirolli, Andrea L Hartzler
With increased incidence of chronic illnesses arising due to unhealthy lifestyle habits, it is increasingly important to leverage technology applications to promote and sustain health behavior change. We developed a smartphone-based application, NutriWalking (NW), which recommends personalized daily exercise goals and promotes healthy nutritional habits in small peer teams. Here, we demonstrate an early study of usability and acceptability of this app in patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Depression...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226020/characteristics-of-the-violence-and-accidents-survey-conducted-in-brazilian-sentinel-emergency-departments
#2
Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Cheila Marina Lima, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rosane Aparecida Monteiro, Mariana Gonçalves de Freitas, Alice Cristina Medeiros Melo, Camila Alves Bahia, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
The Violence and Accidents Survey Conducted in Sentinel Emergency Departments (VIVA Survey) is the sentinel surveillance component of the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System (VIVA). It was conducted for the first time in 2006 and again in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2014. The sample is comprised of victims of accidents and violence treated in Emergency Departments linked to the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). The services are selected intentionally. This isfollowed by probability sampling of 12-hour shifts by conglomerates in single-stage selection...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225772/symptomatic-spinal-metastasis-a-systematic-literature-review-of-the-preoperative-prognostic-factors-for-survival-neurological-functional-and-quality-of-life-in-surgically-treated-patients-and-methodological-recommendations-for-prognostic-studies
#3
Anick Nater, Allan R Martin, Arjun Sahgal, David Choi, Michael G Fehlings
PURPOSE: While several clinical prediction rules (CPRs) of survival exist for patients with symptomatic spinal metastasis (SSM), these have variable prognostic ability and there is no recognized CPR for health related quality of life (HRQoL). We undertook a critical appraisal of the literature to identify key preoperative prognostic factors of clinical outcomes in patients with SSM who were treated surgically. The results of this study could be used to modify existing or develop new CPRs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225201/edible-insects-in-china-utilization-and-prospects
#4
REVIEW
Ying Feng, Xiao-Ming Chen, Min Zhao, Zhao He, Long Sun, Cheng-Ye Wang, Wei-Feng Ding
The use of edible insects has a long history in China, where they have been consumed for more than two thousand years. In general, the level of acceptance is high for the consumption of insects in China. Many studies on edible insects have been conducted in the last twenty years, and the scope of the research includes the culture of entomophagy and the identification, nutritional value, farming and breeding of edible insects, in addition to food production and safety. Currently, 324 species of insects from 11 orders are documented that are either edible or associated with entomophagy in China, which include the common edible species, some less commonly consumed species, and some medicinal insects...
February 22, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225165/the-contrasting-role-of-th17-immunity-in-human-health-and-disease
#5
Edwin Hoe, Jeremy Anderson, Jordan Nathanielsz, Zheng Quan Toh, Rachel Marimla, Anne Balloch, Paul V Licciardi
The human immune system is a tightly regulated network that protects the host from disease. An important aspect of this is the balance between pro-inflammatory Th17 cells and anti-inflammatory Treg cells in maintaining immune homeostasis. Foxp3+ Treg are critical for sustaining immune tolerance through IL-10 and TGF-β while RORγt+ Th17 cells promote immunopathology and auto-inflammatory diseases through the actions of IL-17A, IL-21 and IL-22. Therefore, the imbalance between Treg and Th17 cells can result in serious pathology in many organs and tissues in the body...
February 22, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224458/bridging-the-training-practice-gap-in-interprofessional-student-supervision
#6
Priya Martin, Saravana Kumar, LuJuana Abernathy
BACKGROUND: Workforce recruitment and retention issues are common in highly dispersed regions such as Queensland in Australia. Provision of student placements in these non-metropolitan areas is one way of promoting staff recruitment. However, healthcare professionals in these areas face a number of challenges in accessing training opportunities including student supervision training. Funding was made available to develop and run a series of targeted, evidence-based, interprofessional student supervision workshops in non-metropolitan Queensland...
February 21, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224422/satisfaction-of-village-doctors-with-the-township-and-village-health-services-integration-policy-in-the-western-minority-inhabited-areas-of-china
#7
Da Feng, Liang Zhang, Yuan-Xi Xiang, Dong-Lan Zhang, Ruo-Xi Wang, Shang-Feng Tang, Hang Fu, Bo-Yang Li
Township and Village Health Services Integration Management (TVHSIM) is an essential form of China's two-tiered health service integration plan at the township and village level. Its main purpose, also one of the target goals in China's new healthcare reform, is to gradually integrate rural health services and appropriately allocate rural health resources. This study aims to assess the village doctors' satisfaction with the TVHSIM and provide scientific base to further improve TVHSIM. A cross-sectional study was carried out in which 162 village doctors from Qinghai, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang in western China were interviewed...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223994/enhanced-grain-iron-levels-in-rice-expressing-an-iron-regulated-metal-transporter-nicotianamine-synthase-and-ferritin-gene-cassette
#8
Kulaporn Boonyaves, Ting-Ying Wu, Wilhelm Gruissem, Navreet K Bhullar
Micronutrient malnutrition is widespread, especially in poor populations across the globe, and iron deficiency anemia is one of the most prevalent forms of micronutrient deficiencies. Iron deficiency anemia has severe consequences for human health, working ability, and quality of life. Several interventions including iron supplementation and food fortification have been attempted and met with varied degrees of success. Rice, which is a staple food for over half of the world's population, is an important target crop for iron biofortification...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223446/management-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-call-to-action
#9
REVIEW
Fernando Bril, Kenneth Cusi
Traditionally a disease of hepatologists, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has recently become a major concern for a broad spectrum of health care providers. Endocrinologists and those caring for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are at center stage, as T2DM appears to worsen the course of NAFLD and the liver disease makes diabetes management more challenging. However, the nature of this relationship remains incompletely understood. Although the increasing prevalence of NAFLD is frequently attributed to the epidemic of obesity and is often oversimplified as the "hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome," it is a much more complex disease process that may also be observed in nonobese individuals and in patients without clinical manifestations of the metabolic syndrome...
March 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222793/corporate-social-responsibility-to-improve-access-to-medicines-the-case-of-brazil
#10
Halla Thorsteinsdóttir, Natasha Ovtcharenko, Jillian Clare Kohler
BACKGROUND: Access to medicines and the development of a strong national pharmaceutical industry are two longstanding pillars of health policy in Brazil. This is reflected in a clear emphasis by Brazil's Federal Government on improving access to medicine in national health plans and industrial policies aimed at promoting domestic pharmaceutical development. This research proposes that such policies may act as incentives for companies to pursue a strategic Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) agenda...
February 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222689/family-centred-interventions-by-primary-healthcare-services-for-indigenous-early-childhood-wellbeing-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-scoping-review
#11
Janya McCalman, Marion Heyeres, Sandra Campbell, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Chamberlain, Natalie Strobel, Alan Ruben
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare services in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have embraced the concept of family-centred care as a promising approach to supporting and caring for the health of young Indigenous children and their families. This scoping review assesses the quality of the evidence base and identifies the published literature on family- centred interventions for Indigenous early childhood wellbeing. METHODS: Fourteen electronic databases, grey literature sources and the reference lists of Indigenous maternal and child health reviews were searched to identify relevant publications from 2000 to 2015...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221952/development-of-a-home-food-safety-questionnaire-based-on-the-precede-model-targeting-iranian-women
#12
Fatemeh Esfarjani, Hedayat Hosseini, Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi, Alireza Abadi, Roshanak Roustaee, Haleh Alikhanian, Marjan Khalafi, Mohammad Farhad Kiaee, Ramin Khaksar
Food safety is an essential public health issue for all countries. This study was the first attempt to design and develop a home food safety questionnaire (HFSQ), in the conceptual framework of the PRECEDE (predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling constructs in educational diagnosis and evaluation) model, and to assess its validity and reliability. The HFSQ was developed by reviewing electronic databases and 12 focus group discussions with 96 women volunteers. Ten panel members reviewed the questionnaire, and the content validity ratio and content validity index were computed...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221912/isolation-identification-and-evaluation-of-new-lactic-acid-bacteria-strains-with-both-cellular-antioxidant-and-bile-salt-hydrolase-activities-in-vitro
#13
Shuang Xu, Taigang Liu, Chiraz Akorede Ibinke Radji, Jing Yang, Lanming Chen
In this study, we analyzed Chinese traditional fermented food to isolate and identify new lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains with novel functional properties and to evaluate their cellular antioxidant and bile salt hydrolase (BSH) activities in vitro. A sequential screening strategy was developed to efficiently isolate and obtain 261 LAB strains tolerant of bile salt, acid, and H2O2 from nine Chinese traditional fermented foods. Among these strains, 70 were identified as having 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging and/or BSH activity...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221300/patient-experience-of-wearing-compression-garments-post-burn-injury-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Nicole Coghlan, Jodie Copley, Tammy Aplin, Jenny Strong
This review was conducted to critically appraise the literature regarding the patient's lived experience of, and adherence to, wearing compression garments post burn injury. Scholarly articles were identified from searches of the following databases: Pubmed, Cochrane Central, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and OT Seeker. Combinations of key words including compression therapy/garment, pressure therapy/garment, burn(s), adherence, and patient experience were utilized. Retrieved studies were included in the review if they were written in English, reported on adult burn populations, and the patient's lived experience of wearing compression garments...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220337/one-key-question-%C3%A2-first-things-first-in-reproductive-health
#15
Deborah Allen, Michele Stranger Hunter, Susan Wood, Tishra Beeson
Objectives Preconceptional health care is increasingly recognized as important to promotion of healthy birth outcomes. Preconceptional care offers an opportunity to influence pregnancy timing and intent and mother's health status prior to conception, all predictors of individual outcomes and of inequality in birth outcomes based on race, ethnicity and class. Methods One Key Question, a promising practice developed in Oregon which is now attracting national interest, provides an entry point into preconceptional care by calling on providers to screen for pregnancy intent in well woman and chronic disease care for women of reproductive age...
February 20, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219933/akt-signalling-as-a-mediator-of-cardiac-adaptation-to-low-birth-weight
#16
Kimberley Cw Wang, Kimberley J Botting, Song Zhang, Caroline McMillen, Doug A Brooks, Janna L Morrison
Intrauterine insults, such as poor nutrition and placental insufficiency, can alter cardiomyocyte development and this can have significant long-term implications for heart health. Consequently, epidemiological studies have shown that low birth weight babies have an increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease in adult life. In addition, intrauterine growth restriction can result in increased left ventricular hypertrophy, which is the strongest predictor for poor health outcomes in cardiac patients. The mechanisms responsible for these associations are not clear, but a suboptimal intrauterine environment can program alternative expression of genes such as cardiac IGF-2/H19, IGF-2R and AT1R through either an increase or decrease in DNA methylation or histone acetylation at specific loci...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219685/development-of-a-chronic-disease-management-program-for-stroke-survivors-using-intervention-mapping-the-stroke-coach
#17
Brodie M Sakakibara, Scott A Lear, Susan I Barr, Oscar Benavente, Charlie H Goldsmith, Noah D Silverberg, Jennifer Yao, Janice J Eng
OBJECTIVE: To describe the systematic development of the Stroke Coach, a theory- and evidence-based intervention to improve control of lifestyle behaviour risk factors in stroke patients. DESIGN: Intervention development. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals who have had a stroke. INTERVENTION: We used Intervention Mapping to guide the development of the Stroke Coach. Intervention Mapping is a systematic process used for intervention development and comprised of steps that progress from the integration of theory and evidence to the organization of realistic strategies to facilitate the development of a practical intervention supported by empirical evidence...
February 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219429/engaging-with-complexity-to-improve-the-health-of-indigenous-people-a-call-for-the-use-of-systems-thinking-to-tackle-health-inequity
#18
EDITORIAL
Alison Hernández, Ana Lorena Ruano, Bruno Marchal, Miguel San Sebastián, Walter Flores
The 400 million indigenous people worldwide represent a wealth of linguistic and cultural diversity, as well as traditional knowledge and sustainable practices that are invaluable resources for human development. However, indigenous people remain on the margins of society in high, middle and low-income countries, and they bear a disproportionate burden of poverty, disease, and mortality compared to the general population. These inequalities have persisted, and in some countries have even worsened, despite the overall improvements in health indicators in relation to the 15-year push to meet the Millennium Development Goals...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219374/the-right-to-health-of-non-nationals-and-displaced-persons-in-the-sustainable-development-goals-era-challenges-for-equity-in-universal-health-care
#19
EDITORIAL
Claire E Brolan, Lisa Forman, Stéphanie Dagron, Rachel Hammonds, Attiya Waris, Lyla Latif, Ana Lorena Ruano
INTRODUCTION: Under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), United Nations (UN) Member States reported progress on the targets toward their general citizenry. This focus repeatedly excluded marginalized ethnic and linguistic minorities, including people of refugee backgrounds and other vulnerable non-nationals that resided within a States' borders. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to be truly transformative by being made operational in all countries, and applied to all, nationals and non-nationals alike...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218450/chromium-iv-exposure-via-src-ras-signaling-promotes-cell-transformation
#20
Suthakar Ganapathy, Ping Li, Jean Lafontant, Rui Xiong, Tianqi Yu, Guojun Zhang, Changyan Chen
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is a well-known environment carcinogen. The exposure of Cr(VI) through contaminated soil, air particles and drinking water is a strong concern for the public health worldwide. While many studies have been done, it remains unclear which intracellular molecules transduce Cr(VI)-mediated carcinogenic signaling in cells to promote cancer. In this study, we demonstrated that upon Cr(VI) treatment, the intracellular receptor src was activated, which further upregulated Ras activity, leading to the augmentation of ROS and onset of ER stress in human lung epithelial BEAS-2B or keratinocytes...
February 20, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
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