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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719762/a-million-steps-developing-a-health-promotion-program-at-the-workplace-to-enhance-physical-activity
#1
María Eugenia González-Dominguez, José Manuel Romero-Sánchez, Antonio Ares-Camerino, Jose Carlos Marchena-Aparicio, Manuel Flores-Muñoz, Inés Infantes-Guzmán, José Manuel León-Asuero, Fernando Casals-Martín
The workplace is a key setting for the prevention of occupational risks and for promoting healthy activities such as physical activity. Developing a physically active lifestyle results in many health benefits, improving both well-being and quality of life. This article details the experience of two Spanish companies that implemented a program to promote physical exercise in the workplace, called "A Million Steps." This program aimed to increase the physical activity of participants, challenging them to reach at least a million steps in a month through group walks...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719333/bidirectional-exchange-in-global-health-moving-toward-true-global-health-partnership
#2
Gitanjli Arora, Christiana Russ, Maneesh Batra, Sabrina M Butteris, Jennifer Watts, Michael B Pitt
Although there has been rapid growth in global health educational experiences over the last two decades, the flow of learners remains overwhelmingly one directional; providers from high-resourced settings travel to limited-resourced environments to participate in clinical care, education, and/or research. Increasingly, there has been a call to promote parity in partnerships, including the development of bidirectional exchanges, where trainees from each institution travel to the partner's setting to learn from and teach each other...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719305/optimizing-household-chlorination-marketing-strategies-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effect-of-price-and-promotion-on-adoption-in-haiti
#3
Michael Ritter, Eveline Camille, Christophe Velcine, Rose-Kerline Guillaume, Daniele Lantagne
Household water treatment can reduce diarrheal morbidity and mortality in developing countries, but adoption remains low and supply is often unreliable. To test effects of marketing strategies on consumers and suppliers, we randomized 1,798 households in rural Haiti and collected data on purchases of a household chlorination product for 4 months. Households received randomly selected prices ($0.11-$0.56 per chlorine bottle), and half received monthly visits from sales agents. Each $0.22 drop in price increased purchases by 0...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716205/attitudes-towards-worm-egg-counts-and-targeted-selective-treatment-against-equine-cyathostomins
#4
H Rose Vineer, F Vande Velde, K Bull, E Claerebout, E R Morgan
Gastrointestinal nematodes present a major threat to the health and welfare of equids worldwide. Anthelmintic resistance (AR) is increasingly reported and challenges effective control in horses and ponies in many regions. The use of faecal worm egg counts (FECs) to support targeted treatment (FEC-TT) and targeted selective treatment (FEC-TST) has been promoted as an effective deworming strategy that may prolong the useful life of anthelmintics and reduce the costs associated with parasite control. However, treatment applied at set intervals or on pre-determined dates remains common...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715054/sustainability-of-prevention-practices-at-the-workplace-safety-simplification-productivity-and-effectiveness
#5
A Messineo, M S Cattaruzza, C Prestigiacomo, F Giordano, L T Marsella
Traditional full-time employment has evolved into various types of occupational situations, and, nowadays, new work organization strategies have been developed. Previously overlooked risk factors have emerged, such as traffic accidents while commuting or during work hours, poor work organization, and detrimental lifestyles (like alcohol and substance abuse, although recent statistics seem to show a declining trend for the latter). The global scenario shows greater attention to occupational risks, but also, to the reduced degree of protection...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714900/a-nutrigenomic-approach-to-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#6
REVIEW
Paola Dongiovanni, Luca Valenti
Following the epidemics of obesity due to the consumption of high-calorie diet and sedentary lifestyle, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is now the leading cause of liver disease in Western countries. NAFLD is epidemiologically associated with metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance, and in susceptible individuals it may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Genetic factors play a key role in NAFLD predisposition by interacting with nutritional and other environmental factors. To date, there is no drug therapy for the treatment of NAFLD, and the main clinical recommendation is lifestyle modification...
July 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713806/ventanillas-de-salud-a-collaborative-and-binational-health-access-and-preventive-care-program
#7
Maria Gudelia Rangel Gomez, Josana Tonda, G Rogelio Zapata, Michael Flynn, Francesca Gany, Juanita Lara, Ilan Shapiro, Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales
While individuals of Mexican origin are the largest immigrant group living in the U.S., this population is also the highest uninsured. Health disparities related to access to health care, among other social determinants, continue to be a challenge for this population. The government of Mexico, in an effort to address these disparities and improve the quality of life of citizens living abroad, has partnered with governmental and non-governmental health-care organizations in the U.S. by developing and implementing an initiative known as Ventanillas de Salud-Health Windows-(VDS)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713801/an-evaluation-of-a-train-the-trainer-workshop-for-social-service-workers-to-develop-community-based-family-interventions
#8
Agnes Y Lai, Sunita M Stewart, Moses W Mui, Alice Wan, Carol Yew, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation studies on train-the-trainer workshops (TTTs) to develop family well-being interventions are limited in the literature. The Logic Model offers a framework to place some important concepts and tools of intervention science in the hands of frontline service providers. This paper reports on the evaluation of a TTT for a large community-based program to enhance family well-being in Hong Kong. METHODS: The 2-day TTT introduced positive psychology themes (relevant to the programs that the trainees would deliver) and the Logic Model (which provides a framework to guide intervention development and evaluation) for social service workers to guide their community-based family interventions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713506/women-s-perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-challenges-in-the-process-of-male-infertility-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#9
Ali Taghipour, Fatemeh Zahra Karimi, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Seyed Ali Kimiaei, Seyed Reza Mazlom, Maliheh Amirian
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that both men and women are equally subject to infertility, it is usually women who bear the burden of treatment and its consequences, even in cases of male infertility. Therefore, it is more necessary to recognize their health problems in order to help them. AIM: To explore women's perceptions and experiences of the challenges they face in the process of male infertility treatment. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted during 2014-2015 using content analysis...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712354/using-a-continuum-based-framework-for-behavioral-health-integration-into-primary-care-in-new-york-state
#10
Elizabeth Chapman, Henry Chung, Harold Alan Pincus
Behavioral health integration with primary care has long been shown to be an essential part of improving health care and, more recently, of achieving the "triple aim" as part of national reform. Many states are promoting integration activities as part of Medicaid reform, using different models and strategies. The purpose of this column is to describe a framework developed to support behavioral health integration into primary care settings in New York State and how it is specifically linked to key policy initiatives...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712182/trend-of-irrational-medication-among-the-students-of-department-of-pharmacy-abbottabad-university-of-science-and-technology-in-common-cold-and-flu
#11
Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Saif Ullah Mehsud, Sartaj Ali, Muhammad Ishaq, Mumtaz Ali Khan
BACKGROUND: Common cold and flu are mostly of viral pathogenesis with symptoms in upper respiratory tract. It is highly contagious and close inter-individual contact in winter season increase the spread spectrum. Mis-interpretation with bacterial cause leads to irrationality in its medication. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among pharmacy department students in February-March 2016. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaire and expressed as percentage frequency...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712160/perspectives-on-childhood-resilience-among-the-aboriginal-community-an-interview-study
#12
Christian Young, Allison Tong, Janice Nixon, Peter Fernando, Deanna Kalucy, Simone Sherriff, Kathleen Clapham, Jonathan C Craig, Anna Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To describe Aboriginal community members' perspectives on the outcomes and origins of resilience among Aboriginal children. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 36 Aboriginal adults (15 health service professionals, 8 youth workers and 13 community members) at two urban and one regional Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service in New South Wales. Interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically. RESULTS: We identified six themes: withstanding risk (displaying normative development, possessing inner fortitude); adapting to adversity (necessary endurance, masking inner vulnerabilities); positive social influences (secure family environments, role modelling healthy behaviours and relationships); instilling cultural identity (investing in Aboriginal knowledge, building a strong cultural self-concept); community safeguards (offering strategic sustainable services, holistic support, shared responsibility, providing enriching opportunities); and personal empowerment (awareness of positive pathways, developing self-respect, fostering positive decision making)...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711889/-peculiarities-of-primary-health-care-organization-for-patients-suffering-from-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-jointly-with-coronary-heart-disease
#13
Любов Й Власик, Ганна Я Ступницька, Анастасія Л Сухолотюк
INTRODUCTION: Combination of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) leads to some difficulties for diagnostics and for prescription of complex differential treatment as well as increasings risk of complications from the illness and drug's side effects. AIM: To develope peculiarities of Primary Health Care (PHC) organisation for patients suffering from COPD jointly with CHD; and to improve the patients surveillance for optimization of early diagnosis of named join pathology and well-timed prescription of appropriate health-promoting treatment...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711497/theaflavins-from-black-tea-affect-growth-development-and-motility-in-dictyostelium-discoideum
#14
April N Ilacqua, Joshua A Shettler, Kevin M Wernke, Jessah K Skalla, Kyle J McQuade
Theaflavins, flavonoids found in black tea, exhibit a variety of health-promoting activities, but the mechanisms by which they act are not clear. Here, we assess the effects of black tea extract and isolated theaflavins on Dictyostelium discoideum, a model organism exhibiting an unusual life cycle relying on conserved pathways involved in human disease. Dictyostelium has been used to characterize the activities of numerous bioactive small molecules, including catechins, from which theaflavins are produced during the preparation of black tea...
July 12, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710220/let-s-talk-about-children-evaluation-ltce-study-in-northern-finland-a-multiple-group-ecological-study-of-children-s-health-promotion-activities-with-a-municipal-and-time-trend-design
#15
Veikko Kujala, Jaana Jokinen, Hanna Ebeling, Anneli Pohjola
INTRODUCTION: Making change towards child and family-based and coordinated services is critical to improve quality, outcomes and value. The Let's Talk about Children (LTC) approach, which consists of brief psychoeducational discussions with parents of kindergarten-aged and school-aged children, has been launched as a municipality-specific programme in the Council of Oulu Region. The aim of this paper is to present a protocol of an ecological study evaluating the group-specific effects of an intervention about LTC activities in a geographically defined population...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710141/perspective-improving-nutritional-guidelines-for-sustainable-health-policies-current-status-and-perspectives
#16
Paolo Magni, Dennis M Bier, Sergio Pecorelli, Carlo Agostoni, Arne Astrup, Furio Brighenti, Robert Cook, Emanuela Folco, Luigi Fontana, Robert A Gibson, Ranieri Guerra, Gordon H Guyatt, John Pa Ioannidis, Ann S Jackson, David M Klurfeld, Maria Makrides, Basil Mathioudakis, Alessandro Monaco, Chirag J Patel, Giorgio Racagni, Holger J Schünemann, Raanan Shamir, Niv Zmora, Andrea Peracino
A large body of evidence supports the notion that incorrect or insufficient nutrition contributes to disease development. A pivotal goal is thus to understand what exactly is appropriate and what is inappropriate in food ingestion and the consequent nutritional status and health. The effective application of these concepts requires the translation of scientific information into practical approaches that have a tangible and measurable impact at both individual and population levels. The agenda for the future is expected to support available methodology in nutrition research to personalize guideline recommendations, properly grading the quality of the available evidence, promoting adherence to the well-established evidence hierarchy in nutrition, and enhancing strategies for appropriate vetting and transparent reporting that will solidify the recommendations for health promotion...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710057/images-of-little-cigars-and-cigarillos-on-instagram-identified-by-the-hashtag-swisher-thematic-analysis
#17
Jon-Patrick Allem, Patricia Escobedo, Kar-Hai Chu, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: Little cigar and cigarillo use is becoming more prevalent in the United States and elsewhere, with implications for public health. As little cigar and cigarillo use grows in popularity, big social media data (eg, Instagram, Google Web Search, Twitter) can be used to capture and document the context in which individuals use, and are marketed, these tobacco products. Big social media data may allow people to organically demonstrate how and why they use little cigars and cigarillos, unprimed by a researcher, without instrument bias and at low costs...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709963/animal-models-of-biliary-injury-and-altered-bile-acid-metabolism
#18
REVIEW
Valeria Mariotti, Mario Strazzabosco, Luca Fabris, Diego F Calvisi
In the last 25years, a number of animal models, mainly rodents, have been generated with the goal to mimic cholestatic liver injuries and, thus, to provide in vivo tools to investigate the mechanisms of biliary repair and, eventually, to test the efficacy of innovative treatments. Despite fundamental limitations applying to these models, such as the distinct immune system and the different metabolism regulating liver homeostasis in rodents when compared to humans, multiple approaches, such as surgery (bile duct ligation), chemical-induced (3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine, DDC, α-naphthylisothiocyanate, ANIT), viral infections (Rhesus rotavirustype A, RRV-A), and genetic manipulation (Mdr2, Cftr, Pkd1, Pkd2, Prkcsh, Sec63, Pkhd1) have been developed...
July 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709727/consensus-bundle-on-severe-hypertension-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period
#19
Peter S Bernstein, James N Martin, John R Barton, Laurence E Shields, Maurice L Druzin, Barbara M Scavone, Jennifer Frost, Christine H Morton, Catherine Ruhl, Joan Slager, Eleni Z Tsigas, Sara Jaffer, M Kathryn Menard
Complications arising from hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are among the leading causes of preventable severe maternal morbidity and mortality. Timely and appropriate treatment has the potential to significantly reduce hypertension-related complications. To assist health care providers in achieving this goal, this patient safety bundle provides guidance to coordinate and standardize the care provided to women with severe hypertension during pregnancy and the postpartum period. This is one of several patient safety bundles developed by multidisciplinary work groups of the National Partnership for Maternal Safety under the guidance of the Council on Patient Safety in Women's Health Care...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709040/low-concentrations-of-bisphenol-a-promote-human-ovarian-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-glycolysis-based-metabolism-through-the-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-pathway
#20
Xiao-Yu Shi, Zhe Wang, Liyu Liu, Li-Min Feng, Nan Li, Sijin Liu, Hui Gao
Bisphenol A (BPA) is one of the most prevalent chemicals in many products used on a daily basis, making human exposure to it incredibly pervasive and raising concerns about its health consequences. One area of research focus has been the role of BPA exposure in promoting the development of ovarian cancer; however, the doses used in most of previous studies are relatively high and most likely exceed physiologically relevant levels. At the same time, few studies have described potential mechanisms underlying the link between BPA and increased cancer risk...
July 9, 2017: Chemosphere
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