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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149368/dietary-guidance-for-lutein-consideration-for-intake-recommendations-is-scientifically-supported
#1
Katherine M Ranard, Sookyoung Jeon, Emily S Mohn, James C Griffiths, Elizabeth J Johnson, John W Erdman
Lutein, a yellow xanthophyll carotenoid found in egg yolks and many colorful fruits and vegetables, has gained public health interest for its putative role in visual performance and reducing the risk of age-related macular degeneration. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine's recommended Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) focus on preventing deficiency and toxicity, but there is a budding interest in establishing DRI-like guidelines for non-essential bioactives, like lutein, that promote optimal health and/or prevent chronic diseases...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149271/rangatahi-t%C3%A5-rangatira-innovative-health-promotion-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#2
Christina Severinsen, Angelique Reweti
Rangatahi Tū Rangatira (R2R) is a national health promotion programme in Aotearoa New Zealand which aims to promote cultural and physical wellbeing for rangatahi (young people) and their whānau (family). Grounded in tikanga Māori, the programme focuses on total wellbeing, leadership and cultural awareness providing rangatahi opportunities to increase their participation in physical activity and cultural knowledge through ngā taonga tākaro (Māori ancestral games). This paper focuses on an evaluation of this innovative health promotion programme focussing on the delivery of R2R by a local iwi provider in a rural area...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148125/understanding-the-factors-which-promote-registered-nurses-intent-to-stay-in-critical-care-and-emergency-areas
#3
Mary Van Osch, Kathy Scarborough, Sarah Crowe, Angela C Wolff, Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham
BACKGROUND: Turnover among registered nurses (herein referred to as nurses) working in specialty areas of practice can result in a range of negative outcomes. The retention of specialty nurses at the unit level has important implications for hospital and health systems. These implications include lost knowledge and experience which may in turn impact staff performance levels, patient outcomes, hiring, orientating, development of clinical competence and other aspects of organizational performance...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147950/mental-health-consultation-among-ontario-s-immigrant-populations
#4
Farah Islam, Nazilla Khanlou, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
To determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of past-year mental health consultation for Ontario's adult (18 + years old) immigrant populations. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2012 was used to calculate the prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation by service provider type. Characteristics associated with mental health consultation were determined by carrying out multivariable logistic regression analysis on merged CCHS 2008-2012 data. Adult immigrant populations in Ontario (n = 3995) had lower estimated prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation across all service provider types compared to Canadian-born populations (n = 14,644)...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147798/the-reassuring-potential-of-spinal-imaging-results-development-and-testing-of-a-brief-psycho-education-intervention-for-patients-attending-secondary-care
#5
Emma L Karran, Yun-Hom Yau, Susan L Hillier, G Lorimer Moseley
PURPOSE: To develop and test a standardised method of interpreting spinal imaging findings in a manner designed to reassure patients with low back pain and promote engagement in an active recovery. METHODS: A five-phase development and testing process involved collaborative working party contributions, informal and formal appraisal of the intervention content by clinicians and consumers, a two-stage online evaluation of the take-home patient resource, and onsite testing...
November 17, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147055/assistive-technologies-for-people-with-dementia-ethical-considerations
#6
Belinda Bennett, Fiona McDonald, Elizabeth Beattie, Terry Carney, Ian Freckelton, Ben White, Lindy Willmott
The sustainable development goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations in 2015 include a new target for global health: SDG 3 aims to "ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages." Dementia care of good quality is particularly important given the projected increase in the number of people living with the condition. A range of assistive technologies have been proposed to support dementia care. However, the World Health Organization estimated in 2017 that only one in 10 of the 1 billion or more people globally who could benefit from these technologies in some way actually has access to them...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146562/multi-method-laboratory-user-evaluation-of-an-actionable-clinical-performance-information-system-implications-for-usability-and-patient-safety
#7
Benjamin Brown, Panos Balatsoukas, Richard Williams, Matthew Sperrin, Iain Buchan
INTRODUCTION: Electronic audit and feedback (e-A&F) systems are used worldwide for care quality improvement. They measure health professionals' performance against clinical guidelines, and some systems suggest improvement actions. However, little is known about optimal interface designs for e-A&F, in particular how to present suggested actions for improvement. We developed a novel theory-informed system for primary care (the Performance Improvement plaN GeneratoR; PINGR) that covers the four principal interface components: clinical performance summaries; patient lists; detailed patient-level information; and suggested actions...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145871/challenges-to-implementing-gavi-s-health-system-strengthening-support-in-chad-and-cameroon-results-from-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#8
Emily Dansereau, Yodé Miangotar, Ellen Squires, Honoré Mimche, Charbel El Bcheraoui
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, Gavi has provided health system strengthening (HSS) grants to address bottlenecks affecting immunization services. This study is the first to evaluate the Gavi HSS implementation process in either Cameroon or Chad, two countries with significant health system challenges and poor achievement on the child and maternal health Millennium Development Goals. METHODS: We triangulated quantitative and qualitative data including financial records, document review, field visit questionnaires, and key informant interviews (KII) with representatives from the Ministries of Health, Gavi, and other partners...
November 16, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144984/developing-a-scale-to-assess-health-regulatory-focus
#9
Rebecca A Ferrer, Isaac M Lipkus, Jennifer L Cerully, Colleen M McBride, James A Shepperd, William M P Klein
RATIONALE: Regulatory focus (i.e., focus on motivation to achieve gains or avoid losses and non-gains) is used to tailor health behavior change interventions, improving efficacy, but is currently assessed by scales that are not health-specific and may capture a version of the construct that is not ideally matched to the rationale for tailoring. OBJECTIVE: We developed and validated a Health Regulatory Focus Scale (HRFS), which assesses tendencies to avoid negative health consequences (prevention focus) or achieve positive health outcomes (promotion focus)...
November 13, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144893/primary-care-providers-level-of-preparedness-for-recommending-physical-activity-to-adults-with-disabilities
#10
Elizabeth A Courtney-Long, Alissa C Stevens, Dianna D Carroll, Shannon Griffin-Blake, John D Omura, Susan A Carlson
INTRODUCTION: Adults with disabilities are more likely to be physically inactive than those without disabilities. Although receiving a health care provider recommendation is associated with physical activity participation in this population, there is little information on factors associated with primary care providers recommending physical activity to patients with disabilities. METHODS: We used 2014 DocStyles data to assess primary care provider characteristics and perceived barriers to and knowledge-related factors of recommending physical activity to adult patients with disabilities, by how prepared primary care providers felt in making recommendations...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144416/environmental-risks-associated-with-symptoms-of-acute-respiratory-infection-among-preschool-children-in-north-western-and-south-southern-nigeria-communities
#11
Oluwafunmilade A Adesanya, Chi Chiao
The exposure-disease-stress model places young children in their physical and social contexts and considers the extent and intensity of associational links to symptoms of acute respiratory infection (ARI), taking in to account a range of biological, social, and environment components. This study uses the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey to assess the individual and environmental risks present in the North-Western and South-Southern Nigerian communities and examines their associations with ARI symptoms...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143627/conceptualizing-pathways-linking-women-s-empowerment-and-prematurity-in-developing-countries
#12
Patience A Afulani, Molly Altman, Joseph Musana, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: Globally, prematurity is the leading cause of death in children under the age of 5. Many efforts have focused on clinical approaches to improve the survival of premature babies. There is a need, however, to explore psychosocial, sociocultural, economic, and other factors as potential mechanisms to reduce the burden of prematurity. Women's empowerment may be a catalyst for moving the needle in this direction. The goal of this paper is to examine links between women's empowerment and prematurity in developing settings...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143621/identification-and-characterization-of-regulatory-network-components-for-anthocyanin-synthesis-in-barley-aleurone
#13
Ksenia V Strygina, Andreas Börner, Elena K Khlestkina
BACKGROUND: Among natural populations, there are different colours of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). The colour of barley grains is directly related to the accumulation of different pigments in the aleurone layer, pericarp and lemma. Blue grain colour is due to the accumulation of anthocyanins in the aleurone layer, which is dependent on the presence of five Blx genes that are not sequenced yet (Blx1, Blx3 and Blx4 genes clustering on chromosome 4HL and Blx2 and Blx5 on 7HL). Due to the health benefits of anthocyanins, blue-grained barley can be considered as a source of dietary food...
November 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143609/survey-of-programmatic-experiences-and-challenges-in-delivery-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-testing-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Azumi Ishizaki, Julie Bouscaillou, Niklas Luhmann, Stephanie Liu, Raissa Chua, Nick Walsh, Sarah Hess, Elena Ivanova, Teri Roberts, Philippa Easterbrook
BACKGROUND: There have been few reports on programmatic experience of viral hepatitis testing and treatment in resource-limited settings. To inform the development of the 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) viral hepatitis testing guidance and in particular the feasibility of proposed recommendations, we undertook a survey across a range of organisations engaged with hepatitis testing in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Our objective was to describe current hepatitis B and C testing practices across a range of settings in different countries, as well as key barriers or challenges encountered and proposed solutions to promote testing scale-up...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143456/early-intervention-in-psychosis-from-clinical-intervention-to-health-system-implementation
#15
Claudio Csillag, Merete Nordentoft, Masafumi Mizuno, David McDaid, Celso Arango, Jo Smith, Antonio Lora, Swapna Verma, Teresa Di Fiandra, Peter B Jones
AIM: Early intervention in psychosis (EIP) is a well-established approach with the intention of early detection and treatment of psychotic disorders. Its clinical and economic benefits are well documented. This paper presents basic aspects of EIP services, discusses challenges to their implementation and presents ideas and strategies to overcome some of these obstacles. METHODS: This paper is a narrative review about the evidence supporting EIP, with examples of successful implementation of EIP and of cases where major obstacles still need to be overcome...
November 16, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143223/accelerating-and-strengthening-native-american-health-research-through-a-collaborative-nih-initiative
#16
Aria Davis Crump, Kathy Etz, Judith A Arroyo, Nanci Hemberger, Shobha Srinivasan
This paper is intended to provide an overview of the considerations that informed the development of a National Institutes of Health funding opportunity to promote health and prevent disease in Native Americans, including American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian communities. NIH Institute staff thoughtfully considered epidemiologic research findings and feedback from constituents regarding the need for more published research overall and stronger prevention efforts to address persistent health concerns affecting many Native communities...
November 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143071/cluster-of-risk-and-protective-factors-for-obesity-among-brazilian-adolescents
#17
Emanuella Gomes Maia, Larissa Loures Mendes, Adriano Marçal Pimenta, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Rafael Moreira Claro
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify and analyze clusters formed by risk and protective factors for obesity among Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional data collected in a national representative sample of adolescents by the Brazilian National School Health Survey of 2012 were used (n = 109,104). Cluster analysis was applied to identify clusters involving dietary intake, eating behavior, physical activity and sedentary behaviors. Logistic regression was employed to contextualize the clusters according to students' sociodemographics and schools' characteristics...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142759/forced-migrants-involved-in-setting-the-agenda-and-designing-research-to-reduce-impacts-of-complex-emergencies-combining-swarm-with-patient-and-public-involvement
#18
Julii Suzanne Brainard, Enana Al Assaf, Judith Omasete, Steve Leach, Charlotte C Hammer, Paul R Hunter
Plain English summary: The UK's National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Protection Research Unit in Emergency Preparedness and Response was asked to undertake research on how to reduce the impact of complex national/international emergencies on public health. How to focus the research and decide on priority topics was challenging, given the nature of complex events. Using a type of structured brain-storming, the researchers identified the ongoing UK, European and international migration crisis as both complex and worthy of deeper research...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142650/early-childhood-development-and-iranian-parents-knowledge-a-qualitative-study
#19
Elham Habibi, Firouzeh Sajedi, Hosein Malek Afzali, Nikta Hatamizadeh, Soheila Shahshahanipour, Frances Page Glascoe
Background: Early childhood is the most important step throughout the lifespan and it is a critical period continuing to the end of 8-year-old. Mothers' knowledge is one of the important aspects of child development. The goals of this study were to determine the situation of knowledge in Iranian parents about the concept and the importance of early childhood development (ECD) and determining the sources of parental knowledge about ECD from the perspective of parents and grandparents. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted based on the directional content analysis in 2016...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141692/the-marketing-plan-and-outcome-indicators-for-recruiting-and-retaining-parents-in-the-homestyles-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Colleen Delaney, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Mallory Koenings, Virginia Quick
BACKGROUND: Despite the critical importance of successful recruitment and retention to study integrity, reporting of recruitment and retention strategies along with factors associated with successful recruitment and retention of participants in health-related interventions remain rare, especially for health and obesity prevention programs. Thus, the purpose of this article is to retrospectively examine the recruitment and retention marketing plan used in the online HomeStyles randomized controlled trial (RCT) and discuss outcomes associated with completion of the intervention...
November 15, 2017: Trials
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