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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437816/-subjective-level-of-information-and-information-needs-of-patients-with-an-approved-rehabilitation-application-and-patients-at-the-end-of-rehabilitation-results-of-a-written-survey
#1
Anna Lena Walther, Dora Schreiber, Johannes Falk, Ruth Deck
AimThe aim of the study was to identify the subjective level of information and information needs of patients with an approved rehabilitation application and patients at the end of rehabilitation with regard to preferred subjects and kind of information transfer. Method Written survey with N=283 patients with approved rehabilitation application and N=388 patients at the end of rehabilitation. ResultsBoth groups reported high information needs particularly regarding treatments during rehabilitation, rehabilitation aftercare and rehabilitation aims...
April 24, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437770/historical-and-contemporary-metal-budgets-for-a-boreal-shield-lake
#2
Shaun A Watmough
Metal concentrations in sediment cores are widely used to reconstruct metal deposition histories, but rarely have metal budgets based on measured inputs (atmospheric deposition and inflows) and lake outflows been compared with metal fluxes estimated from lake sediment cores. In this study, budgets for six metals (As, Cd, Co, Cu, Ni and Pb) were estimated by measuring inputs in bulk deposition, inputs in the major inflow and export in the lake outflow for one hydrologic year (2002-2003) at Plastic Lake, Ontario, Canada...
April 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436875/zero-shot-learning-with-transferred-samples
#3
Yuchen Guo, Guiguang Ding, Jungong Han, Yue Gao
By transferring knowledge from the abundant labeled samples of known source classes, zero-shot learning (ZSL) makes it possible to train recognition models for novel target classes that have no labeled samples. Conventional ZSL approaches usually adopt a two-step recognition strategy, in which the test sample is projected into an intermediary space in the first step, and then the recognition is carried out by considering the similarity between the sample and target classes in the intermediary space. Due to this redundant intermediate transformation, information loss is unavoidable, thus degrading the performance of overall system...
April 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433367/abnormal-implantation-after-fresh-and-frozen-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-cycles
#4
Erica T Wang, Anupama S Q Kathiresan, Catherine Bresee, Naomi Greene, Carolyn Alexander, Margareta D Pisarska
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fresh embryo transfers are at a higher risk of abnormal implantation compared with frozen embryo transfers while accounting for the embryo stage at transfer. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): We used data from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technologies to identify all fresh and frozen autologous IVF cycles from 2004-2013 resulting in a positive pregnancy test...
April 19, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432972/assessment-of-the-bioavailability-and-depuration-of-uranium-cesium-and-thorium-in-snails-cantareus-aspersus-using-kinetics-models
#5
B Pauget, A Villeneuve, P O Redon, A Cuvier, A de Vaufleury
Uranium ore waste has led to soil contamination that may affect both environmental and soil health. To analyze the risk of metal transfer, metal bioavailability must be estimated by measuring biological parameters. Kinetic studies allow taking into account the dynamic mechanisms of bioavailability, as well as the steady state concentration in organisms necessary to take into account for relevant risk assessment. In this way, this work aims to model the snail accumulation and excretion kinetics of uranium (U), cesium (Cs) and thorium (Th)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430270/atomistic-non-adiabatic-dynamics-of-the-lh2-complex-with-a-gpu-accelerated-ab-initio-exciton-model
#6
Aaron Sisto, Clem Stross, Marc W van der Kamp, Michael O'Connor, Simon McIntosh-Smith, Graham T Johnson, Edward G Hohenstein, Fred R Manby, David R Glowacki, Todd J Martinez
We recently outlined an efficient multi-tiered parallel ab initio excitonic framework that utilizes time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) to calculate ground and excited state energies and gradients of large supramolecular complexes in atomistic detail - enabling us to undertake non-adiabatic simulations which explicitly account for the coupled anharmonic vibrational motion of all the constituent atoms in a supramolecular system. Here we apply that framework to the 27 coupled bacterio-chlorophyll-a chromophores which make up the LH2 complex, using it to compute an on-the-fly nonadiabatic surface-hopping (SH) trajectory of electronically excited LH2...
April 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429249/are-there-moral-differences-between-maternal-spindle-transfer-and-pronuclear-transfer
#7
César Palacios-González
This paper examines whether there are moral differences between the mitochondrial replacement techniques that have been recently developed in order to help women afflicted by mitochondrial DNA diseases to have genetically related children absent such conditions: maternal spindle transfer (MST) and pronuclear transfer (PNT). Firstly, it examines whether there is a moral difference between MST and PNT in terms of the divide between somatic interventions and germline interventions. Secondly, it considers whether PNT and MST are morally distinct under a therapy/creation optic...
April 20, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428123/transvaginal-ultrasound-guided-embryo-transfer-in-ivf
#8
Lionel Larue, Gwenola Keromnes, Anne Massari, Clémence Roche, Julie Moulin, Héloïse Gronier, Dominique Bouret, Nino Guy Cassuto, Jean Philippe Ayel
OBJECTIVES: to determine whether transvaginal ultrasound-guided embryo transfer is a technique that can be used routinely, whether it improves IVF outcomes and whether it makes difficult transfers easier and more successful. MATERIAL AND METHOD: non-randomised retrospective study conducted between 2012 and 2016 in the Fertility Centre of the Diaconesses-Croix St Simon Hospital Group. The outcomes of 3910 transfers performed by 5 senior operators under transabdominal ultrasound guidance are compared with those of 800 transfers performed by 1 senior operator under transvaginal ultrasound guidance...
April 17, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426895/short-term-pulmonary-function-trends-are-predictive-of-mortality-in-interstitial-lung-disease-associated-with-systemic-sclerosis
#9
Nicole S Goh, Rachel K Hoyles, Christopher P Denton, David M Hansell, Elisabetta A Renzoni, Toby M Maher, Andrew G Nicholson, Athol U Wells
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic value of pulmonary function test (PFT) trends at one and two years in interstitial lung disease associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc-ILD). METHODS: The prognostic significance of PFT trends at one year (n=162), and two years (n=140) was examined against 15 year survival. PFT trends, expressed as continuous and categorical change in separate analyses, were examined against mortality in univariate and multivariate models. SSc-ILD was defined at presentation as limited lung fibrosis or extensive lung fibrosis using the UKRSA staging system...
April 20, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424241/microbiota-induced-antibodies-are-essential-for-host-inflammatory-responsiveness-to-sterile-and-infectious-stimuli
#10
Daniel Cisalpino, Caio T Fagundes, Camila B Brito, Fernando R Ascenção, Celso M Queiroz-Junior, Angélica T Vieira, Lirlândia P Sousa, Flávio A Amaral, Leda Q Vieira, Jacques R Nicoli, Mauro M Teixeira, Danielle G Souza
The indigenous intestinal microbiota is frequently considered an additional major organ of the human body and exerts profound immunomodulating activities. Germ-free (GF) mice display a significantly different inflammatory responsiveness pattern compared with conventional (CV) mice, and this was dubbed a "hyporesponsive phenotype." Taking into account that the deposition of immune complexes is a major event in acute inflammation and that GF mice have a distinct Ig repertoire and B cell activity, we aimed to evaluate whether this altered Ig repertoire interferes with the inflammatory responsiveness of GF mice...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423856/improving-handovers-between-hospitals-and-primary-care-implementation-of-e-messages-and-the-importance-of-training
#11
Grete Netteland
The transfer of information and responsibility for care of a patient from one healthcare provider to another is referred to as a handover. While some handovers are effective and achieve high quality communication, others represent a barrier to continuity of care. To increase the patient safety, Norway decided to replace handovers with an electronic e-message system (EMS). This paper refers to a quantitative study of this implementation and examines the opinions of first-line leaders and nurses (N = 108) on how organisational factors were taken into account and how the implementation might be improved...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421857/risk-of-solid-cancer-in-low-dose-rate-radiation-epidemiological-studies-and-the-dose-rate-effectiveness-factor
#12
Roy Shore, Linda Walsh, Tamara Azizova, Werner Rühm
PURPOSE: Estimated radiation risks used for radiation protection purposes have been based primarily on the Life Span Study (LSS) of atomic bomb survivors who received brief exposures at high dose rates, many with high doses. Information is needed regarding radiation risks from low dose-rate (LDR) exposures to low linear-energy-transfer (low-LET) radiation. We conducted a meta-analysis of LDR epidemiologic studies that provide dose-response estimates of total solid cancer risk in adulthood in comparison to corresponding LSS risks, in order to estimate a dose rate effectiveness factor (DREF)...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419507/a-rapid-solvent-accessible-surface-area-estimator-for-coarse-grained-molecular-simulations
#13
Shuai Wei, Charles L Brooks, Aaron T Frank
The rapid and accurate calculation of solvent accessible surface area (SASA) is extremely useful in the energetic analysis of biomolecules. For example, SASA models can be used to estimate the transfer free energy associated with biophysical processes, and when combined with coarse-grained simulations, can be particularly useful for accounting for solvation effects within the framework of implicit solvent models. In such cases, a fast and accurate, residue-wise SASA predictor is highly desirable. Here, we develop a predictive model that estimates SASAs based on Cα-only protein structures...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419448/understanding-the-transfer-deficit-contextual-mismatch-proactive-interference-and-working-memory-affect-toddlers-video-based-transfer
#14
Koeun Choi, Heather L Kirkorian, Tiffany A Pempek
Researchers tested the impact of contextual mismatch, proactive interference, and working memory (WM) on toddlers' transfer across contexts. Forty-two toddlers (27-34 months) completed four object-retrieval trials, requiring memory updating on Trials 2-4. Participants watched hiding events on a tablet computer. Search performance was tested using another tablet (match) or a felt board (mismatch). WM was assessed. On earlier search trials, WM predicted transfer in both conditions, and toddlers in the match condition outperformed those in the mismatch condition; however, the benefit of contextual match and WM decreased over trials...
April 17, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418642/structure-and-dynamics-of-individual-diastereomeric-complexes-on-platinum-surface-studies-related-to-heterogeneous-enantioselective-catalysis
#15
Yi Dong, Guillaume Goubert, Michael N Groves, Jean-Christian Lemay, Bjørk Hammer, Peter H McBreen
The modification of heterogeneous catalysts through the chemisorption of chiral molecules is a method to create catalytic sites for enantioselective surface reactions. The chiral molecule is called a chiral modifier by analogy to the terms chiral auxiliary or chiral ligand used in homogeneous asymmetric catalysis. While there has been progress in understanding how chirality transfer occurs, the intrinsic difficulties in determining enantioselective reaction mechanisms are compounded by the multisite nature of heterogeneous catalysts and by the challenges facing stereospecific surface analysis...
April 18, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416901/mechanical-efficiency-in-children-with-different-body-weight-a-longitudinal-assessment-of-the-quality-cohort
#16
G Jabbour, A Tremblay, M Henderson, M-E Mathieu
Net mechanical efficiency (MEnet), which reflects the body's ability to transfer energy above resting levels in external work, is similar in young children regardless of their body weights. However, it is unclear whether MEnet remains stable during growth and maturation. We sought to determine whether net mechanical efficiency (MEnet) changes over a period of 3 years in children and to identify the factors associated with possible changes. A total of 169 children participating in the QUALITY (Quebec Adipose and Lifestyle InvesTigation in Youth) cohort completed an incremental cycling test, resulting in the same maximal power output during both visits...
March 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413333/equilibrium-shapes-of-a-heterogeneous-bubble-in-an-electric-field-a-variational-formulation-and-numerical-verifications
#17
Hanxiong Wang, Liping Liu, Dong Liu
The equilibrium shape of a bubble/droplet in an electric field is important for electrowetting over dielectrics (EWOD), electrohydrodynamic (EHD) enhancement for heat transfer and electro-deformation of a single biological cell among others. In this work, we develop a general variational formulation in account of electro-mechanical couplings. In the context of EHD, we identify the free energy functional and the associated energy minimization problem that determines the equilibrium shape of a bubble in an electric field...
March 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412771/drug-cue-reactivity-involves-hierarchical-instrumental-learning-evidence-from-a-biconditional-pavlovian-to-instrumental-transfer-task
#18
Lorna Hardy, Chris Mitchell, Tina Seabrooke, Lee Hogarth
RATIONALE: Drug cue reactivity plays a crucial role in addiction, yet the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. According to the binary associative account, drug stimuli retrieve an expectation of the drug outcome, which, in turn, elicits the associated drug-seeking response (S-O-R). By contrast, according to the hierarchical account, drug stimuli retrieve an expectation that the contingency between the drug-seeking response and the drug outcome is currently more effective, promoting performance of the drug-seeking response (S:R-O)...
April 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411508/interventions-to-support-people-with-dementia-and-their-caregivers-during-the-transition-from-home-care-to-nursing-home-care-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Christian Müller, Sindy Lautenschläger, Gabriele Meyer, Astrid Stephan
BACKGROUND: During the transition of people with dementia from home to nursing home family caregivers often feel burdened. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to 1) identify interventions which support people with dementia and their caregivers in the transition from home care to nursing home care, 2) synthesize the evidence for efficacy of these interventions, and 3) examine whether the identified interventions have been systematically developed, evaluated and implemented according to the Medical Research Council guidance on complex interventions...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409953/quantum-state-transfer-via-noisy-photonic-and-phononic-waveguides
#20
B Vermersch, P-O Guimond, H Pichler, P Zoller
We describe a quantum state transfer protocol, where a quantum state of photons stored in a first cavity can be faithfully transferred to a second distant cavity via an infinite 1D waveguide, while being immune to arbitrary noise (e.g., thermal noise) injected into the waveguide. We extend the model and protocol to a cavity QED setup, where atomic ensembles, or single atoms representing quantum memory, are coupled to a cavity mode. We present a detailed study of sensitivity to imperfections, and apply a quantum error correction protocol to account for random losses (or additions) of photons in the waveguide...
March 31, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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