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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979916/addressing-the-physicians-shortage-in-developing-countries-by-accelerating-and-reforming-the-medical-education-is-it-possible
#1
Mustafa Al-Shamsi
INTRODUCTION: Doctors' shortage has remained a concern worldwide. The developed countries started aids to recruit international medical graduates (IMG) to cope with the defects that the health care system suffers from; however, this solution may not work in developing countries that have a limited resource and poor budget to spend on the health care system. This study aims to present an alternative way to approach the physicians' shortage by accelerating undergraduate medical education and reform some post-graduate courses in order to cope with this problem...
October 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939953/measuring-burnout-among-psychiatry-clerkship-directors
#2
Jeffrey J Rakofsky, Gary Beck Dallaghan, Richard Balon
OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of burnout among Psychiatry clerkship directors. METHODS: Psychiatry clerkship directors were solicited via email to complete an electronic version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey and the Respondent Information Form. RESULTS: Fifty-four out of 110 surveys (49%) were completed. Fourteen percent of respondents scored in the "high exhaustion" category, 21...
September 22, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901747/deep-eutectic-solvent-functionalized-graphene-composite-as-an-extremely-high-potency-flame-retardant
#3
Dattatray A Pethsangave, Rahul V Khose, Pravin H Wadekar, Surajit Some
We report a simple and green approach to develop the deep eutectic solvent functionalized graphene derivative as an effective flame retardant. The deep eutectic solvent functionalized graphene oxide (DESGO) was synthesized by introducing nitrogen-supported phosphorus functional groups on the surface of graphene derivative via a deep eutectic solvent, which is prepared by the treatment of monosodium dihydrogen orthophosphate and choline chloride. Subsequently, the resultant DESGO material is characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy...
October 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898968/systematic-review-factors-associated-with-return-to-work-in-burnout
#4
R Kärkkäinen, T Saaranen, S Hiltunen, O P Ryynänen, K Räsänen
Background: Professional burnout predicts sick leave and even permanent withdrawal from the labour force. However, knowledge of the barriers to and facilitators of return to work (RTW) in such burnout is limited. Aims: To identify factors associated with RTW of burned-out individuals to inform occupational health care (OHC) RTW policy. Methods: A systematic search of peer-reviewed quantitative and mixed-method studies published from January 2005 to July 2016 in English and Finnish in ARTO, CINAHL (EBSCO), Medic, PsycINFO (ProQuest), PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases, followed by a manual search...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895299/a-case-of-lipoatrophic-diabetes-induced-by-juvenile-dermatomyositis
#5
Yusuke Baba, Hiyori Kaneko, Minoru Takemoto, Kana Ide, Yuki Haga, Tatsuo Kanda, Shinsuke Akita, Yoshitaka Kubota, Masayuki Kuroda, Yutaka Kitagawa, Koutaro Yokote
Lipodystrophy is a rare condition that is often accompanied by one or more metabolic diseases. Here we report a case of lipoatrophic diabetes induced by juvenile dermatomyositis. Although pioglitazone was not effective for lowering blood glucose levels, our observation suggested that it improved liver function slightly. The effectiveness of metreleptin for lowering blood glucose levels could not be determined, as we administered it in short period. Liver biopsy revealed burned-out nonalcoholic steatohepatitis...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868237/examining-the-relationship-between-burnout-and-empathy-in-healthcare-professionals-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Helen Wilkinson, Richard Whittington, Lorraine Perry, Catrin Eames
OBJECTIVE: Empathy and burnout are two related yet distinct constructs that are relevant to clinical healthcare staff. The nature of their relationship is uncertain and this review aimed to complete a rigorous, systematic exploration of the literature investigating the relationship between burnout and empathy in healthcare staff. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidance...
September 2017: Burnout Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865903/the-perfect-storm-is-on-the-horizon
#7
Dawn Fountain, Chi Quach, Darlene Norton, SuAnn White, Susan Ratliff, Kim Molteg, Donna Heyduk, Jessica Roof, Lillian Badurina
PURPOSE: Provide analysis of data identifying the impending mass turnover of Directors and Coordinators of General Surgery residency programs and the potential effect on successful continuing accreditation including the ACGME Next Accreditation System (NAS) and associated self study. METHODS: The Association of Residency Coordinators in Surgery, Executive Committee (ARCS EC) anonymously surveyed 254 general surgery Program Coordinators in September/October 2016...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844958/growth-arrest-and-dna-damage-inducible-45%C3%AE-protects-against-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-induced-by-methionine-and-choline-deficient-diet
#8
Naoki Tanaka, Shogo Takahashi, Xiao Hu, Yu Lu, Naoyuki Fujimori, Srujana Golla, Zhong-Ze Fang, Toshifumi Aoyama, Kristopher W Krausz, Frank J Gonzalez
Growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible 45 α (Gadd45α) is a stress-inducible protein that plays an important role in cell survival/death and DNA repair, but its contribution to the development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has not been investigated. C57BL/6 Gadd45a-null and wild-type (WT) mice were treated with a methionine and choline-deficient diet (MCD) for eight weeks and phenotypic changes examined. Gadd45a-null mice had more severe hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, higher levels of mRNAs encoding pro-inflammatory, pro-fibrotic, and pro-apoptotic proteins, and greater oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress compared with WT mice...
August 24, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777112/the-relationship-between-professional-quality-of-life-and-caring-ability-in-critical-care-nurses
#9
Marzieh Mohammadi, Hamid Peyrovi, Mahmood Mahmoodi
BACKGROUND: Critical care nursing has some features that may affect the ability of critical care nurses to provide care. Professionals as critical care nurses who deal with peoples' health and life often experience some levels of stress that affects their quality of life. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between professional quality of life and caring ability of critical care nurses. METHOD: In this descriptive correlational study, 253 critical care nurses working in the medical and surgical intensive care units of Tehran University of Medical Sciences were recruited by convenience sampling method...
September 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765489/embryonal-carcinoma-presenting-as-a-calcified-solitary-testicular-mass-on-ultrasound
#10
Daniel Gerber, Henry Collier Wright, Rachael D Sussman, Lambros Stamatakis
A 24-year-old man presented with a 2-week history of a painless right testicular mass; ultrasound demonstrated a dense, solitary calcified mass. The patient elected observation after further workup showed no evidence of metastasis.A repeat ultrasound 3 months later showed interval growth and the patient underwent right radical orchiectomy. Pathology was consistent with pure embryonal carcinoma of the testis. Calcified testicular masses are typically benign but do carry a differential of spermatic granuloma, large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumour, trauma, tuberculosis, filariasis, calcified Leydig cell tumour and burned-out testicular tumour...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763733/finding-the-sweet-spot-developing-implementing-and-evaluating-a-burn-out-and-compassion-fatigue-intervention-for-third-year-medical-trainees
#11
Tara Tucker, Maryse Bouvette, Shauna Daly, Pamela Grassau
Medical trainees are at high risk for developing burnout. Introducing trainees to the risks of burnout and supporting identification and proactive responses to their 'warning' signs of compassion fatigue (CF) is critical in building resiliency. The authors developed and evaluated a burnout and CF program for third year trainees at a Canadian Medical School. Of 165 medical trainees who participated in the burnout and CF program, 59 (36%) provided evaluation and feedback of the program and its impact throughout their year...
December 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687289/occupational-burnout-among-radiation-therapists-in-australia-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
N Singh, C Wright, K Knight, M Baird, D Akroyd, R D Adams, M E Schneider
INTRODUCTION: Evidence demonstrates that health care professionals in the palliative care context are more burned out than other health professionals. The aims of this study were to examine: (1) occupational burnout levels among radiation therapists in Australia, (2) association between demographic factors on burnout and (3) radiation therapists' perceptions of burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey including the Maslach Burnout Inventory was administered to Radiation Therapists in Australia...
August 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659578/photocatalytic-hollow-tio2-and-zno-nanospheres-prepared-by-atomic-layer-deposition
#13
Nóra Justh, László Péter Bakos, Klára Hernádi, Gabriella Kiss, Balázs Réti, Zoltán Erdélyi, Bence Parditka, Imre Miklós Szilágyi
Carbon nanospheres (CNSs) were prepared by hydrothermal synthesis, and coated with TiO2 and ZnO nanofilms by atomic layer deposition. Subsequently, through burning out the carbon core templates hollow metal oxide nanospheres were obtained. The substrates, the carbon-metal oxide composites and the hollow nanospheres were characterized with TG/DTA-MS, FTIR, Raman, XRD, SEM-EDX, TEM-SAED and their photocatalytic activity was also investigated. The results indicate that CNSs are not beneficial for photocatalysis, but the crystalline hollow metal oxide nanospheres have considerable photocatalytic activity...
June 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654804/fatal-and-non-fatal-burn-injuries-with-electrical-weapons-and-explosive-fumes
#14
Mark W Kroll, Mollie B Ritter, Howard E Williams
INTRODUCTION: While generally reducing morbidity and mortality, electrical weapons have risks associated with their usage, including eye injuries and falls. With the presence of explosive fumes or fuels there also exists the possibility of burn injury. METHODS: We searched for cases of fatal and non-fatal major burns with TASER(®) electrical weapon usage where there was a possibility that the weapon ignited the explosion. RESULTS: We confirmed 6 cases of fatal burn injury and 4 cases of major non-fatal burns out of 3...
August 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634622/burned-out-seminoma-revealed-by-solitary-rib-bone-metastasis
#15
Toshihiko Nishisho, Mika Sakaki, Ryo Miyagi, Shoichiro Takao, Koichi Sairyo
Burned-out tumor is a rare phenomenon in which a testicular tumor regresses in the primary lesion and progresses in a metastatic lesion. We report the case of a 30-year-old male with burned-out seminoma revealed by open biopsy of solitary 10th rib bone metastasis. He underwent inguinal orchiectomy, which revealed hyalinization, indicating a spontaneously regressed testicular tumor. Chemotherapy for seminoma was administered in three cycles of bleomycin + etoposide + cisplatin therapy. The chemotherapy was effective, and wide resection of the rib was subsequently performed...
June 21, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611090/a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-three-good-things-intervention-in-healthcare-workers
#16
Karin Rippstein-Leuenberger, Oliver Mauthner, J Bryan Sexton, Rene Schwendimann
BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit (ICU) personnel have an elevated prevalence of job-related burn-out and post-traumatic stress disorder, which can ultimately impact patient care. To strengthen healthcare workers' skills to deal with stressful events, it is important to focus not only on minimising suffering but also on increasing happiness, as this entails many more benefits than simply feeling good. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore the content of the 'good things' reported by healthcare workers participating in the 'Three Good Things' intervention...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600343/a-longitudinal-and-multicentre-study-of-burnout-and-error-in-irish-junior-doctors
#17
Paul O'Connor, Sinéad Lydon, Angela O'Dea, Layla Hehir, Gozie Offiah, Akke Vellinga, Dara Byrne
BACKGROUND: Junior doctors have been found to suffer from high levels of burnout. AIMS: To measure burnout in a population of junior doctors in Ireland and identify if: levels of burnout are similar to US medical residents; there is a change in the pattern of burnout during the first year of postgraduate clinical practice; and burnout is associated with self-reported error. METHODS: The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey was distributed to Irish junior doctors from five training networks in the last quarter of 2015 when they were approximately 4 months into their first year of clinical practice (time 1), and again 6 months later (time 2)...
June 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587755/empathy-loneliness-burnout-and-life-satisfaction-in-chilean-nurses-of-palliative-care-and-homecare-services
#18
Magdalena Marilaf Caro, Montserrat San-Martín, Roberto Delgado-Bolton, Luis Vivanco
INTRODUCTION: Empathy has been described as an essential competence of healthcare professionals who are working in palliative care and homecare services. In these services, usually accompanied by a high risk of physical and emotional burnout, empathy can play an important role in the improvement of occupational wellbeing. The aim of this study was to confirm the role of empathy in the prevention of loneliness and burn out, and in the promotion of life satisfaction. METHODS: In 2016, an observational study was carried out in Chile with professional nurses who were working in palliative care and homecare services...
June 3, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554293/staff-feeling-burned-out-due-to-overlong-shifts
#19
(no author information available yet)
Nurses have raised concerns about how night and day shifts run into each other, leading to staff feeling burned out and wanting to leave the profession.
May 30, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539868/burned-out-metastatic-testicular-tumor-choriocarcinoma
#20
Mohammed S El-Sharkawy, Abdulaziz S Al-Jibali
Burned-out testicular tumor is a very rare clinical entity. There is no clinical finding in the testicle because it regresses spontaneously without any treatment and generally presents with metastases. Clinical examination of the testis and scrotal sonography are pivotal in the initial diagnosis of such neoplasms. We present a case of a 22-year-old male with hemoptysis, weight loss, and abdominal pain for the past 2 weeks and no palpable lesion on testicular examination. No relevant past medical history.
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
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