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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626049/impact-of-workplace-incivility-against-new-nurses-on-job-burn-out-a-cross-sectional-study-in-china
#1
Yu Shi, Hui Guo, Shue Zhang, Fengzhe Xie, Jinghui Wang, Zhinan Sun, Xinpeng Dong, Tao Sun, Lihua Fan
This study had three objectives: (1) to investigate the impact of workplace incivility on job burn-out of new nursing staff, (2) to verify the partial mediating role of anxiety in the relationship between workplace incivility and job burn-out, (3) to examine the resilience moderating the relations between workplace incivility and job burn-out. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in May 2016 in China. SETTING: The survey was conducted in 54 cities across 29 provinces of China...
April 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561747/a-burned-out-testicular-tumor
#2
Mariam El Cheikh, Ahmad Berjawi, Arafat Tfayli, Nadim Kanj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524616/stress-from-uncertainty-and-resilience-among-depressed-and-burned-out-residents-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Arabella L Simpkin, Alisa Khan, Daniel C West, Briana M Garcia, Theodore C Sectish, Nancy D Spector, Christopher P Landrigan
OBJECTIVES: Depression and burnout are highly prevalent among residents, but little is known about modifiable personality variables-such as resilience and stress from uncertainty-that may predispose to these conditions. Residents are routinely faced with uncertainty when making medical decisions. We sought to determine how stress from uncertainty is related to resilience among pediatric residents and whether these attributes are associated with depression and burnout. METHODS: We surveyed 86 residents in pediatric residency programs from four urban freestanding children's hospitals in North America in 2015...
March 7, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517340/maternal-burn-out-an-exploratory-study
#4
N Séjourné, R Sanchez-Rodriguez, A Leboullenger, S Callahan
INTRODUCTION: Maternal burn-out is a psychological, emotional and physiological condition resulting from the accumulation of various stressors characterised by a moderate but also a chronic and repetitive dimension. Little research has focused on this syndrome. OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to assess maternal burn-out rate and to identify factors associated with this state of exhaustion. METHOD: 263 French mothers aged between 20 and 49 years answered five scales quantifying maternal burn-out, perceived social support, parental stress, depression and anxiety symptoms and history of postnatal depression...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490966/empathy-burn-out-and-the-use-of-gut-feeling-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-danish-general-practitioners
#5
Anette Fischer Pedersen, Mads Lind Ingeman, Peter Vedsted
OBJECTIVE: Research has suggested that physicians' gut feelings are associated with parents' concerns for the well-being of their children. Gut feeling is particularly important in diagnosis of serious low-incidence diseases in primary care. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine whether empathy, that is, the ability to understand what another person is experiencing, relates to general practitioners' (GPs) use of gut feelings. Since empathy is associated with burn-out, we also examined whether the hypothesised influence of empathy on gut feeling use is dependent on level of burn-out...
February 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479334/-i-can-only-work-so-hard-before-i-burn-out-a-time-sensitive-conceptual-integration-of-ideological-psychological-contract-breach-work-effort-and-burnout
#6
Samantha K Jones, Yannick Griep
Employees often draw meaning from personal experiences and contributions in their work, particularly when engaging in organizational activities that align with their personal identity or values. However, recent empirical findings have demonstrated how meaningful work can also have a negative effect on employee's well-being as employees feel so invested in their work, they push themselves beyond their limits resulting in strain and susceptibility to burnout. We develop a framework to understand this "double edged" role of meaningful work by drawing from ideological psychological contracts (iPCs), which are characterized by employees and their employer who are working to contribute to a shared ideology or set of values...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462009/gender-differences-in-utilization-of-duty-hour-regulations-aspects-of-burnout-and-psychological-well-being-among-general-surgery-residents-in-the-united-states
#7
Allison R Dahlke, Julie K Johnson, Caprice C Greenberg, Remi Love, Lindsey Kreutzer, Daniel B Hewitt, Christopher M Quinn, Kathryn E Engelhardt, Karl Y Bilimoria
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to (1) assess differences in how male and female general surgery residents utilize duty-hour regulations and experience aspects of burnout and psychological well-being, and (2) to explore reasons why these differing experiences exist. BACKGROUND: There may be differences in how women and men enter, experience, and leave residency programs. METHODS: A total of 7395 residents completed a survey (response rate = 99%)...
February 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450196/recruitment-and-lessons-learned-from-a-community-based-intervention-program-the-learning-families-project-in-hong-kong
#8
Joanna T W Chu, Alice Wan, Sunita M Stewart, Kwok Tung Ng, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
Background: Recruitment is central to any research project, and recruitment itself should be well documented and researched. We describe our recruitment efforts for a community-based research project-entitled the Learning Families Project-conducted in Hong Kong. Methods: In collaboration with community stakeholders, residents from a public housing estate were recruited to participate in family programs aimed at enhancing family well-being. Various recruitment strategies were employed including the distribution of 19,200 leaflets, 688 posters, a banner, a kick-off ceremony, 10 promotion activities, 1,000 direct calls, word of mouth, 51 mobile counters, and 10 door-to-door visits...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441039/metastatic-burned-out-seminoma-causing-neurological-paraneoplastic-syndrome-not-quite-burned-out
#9
Yuval Freifeld, Payal Kapur, Ritika Chitkara, Francesca Lee, Pravin Khemani, Aditya Bagrodia
A 44-year-old man presented with cerebellar ataxia and limbic encephalitis and was ultimately diagnosed with metastatic germ cell neoplasm resulting from a "burned out" primary testicular tumor. The patient had progressive ataxia, leading to a thorough investigation for infectious, autoimmune, metabolic, and malignant causes of acquired cerebellar ataxia that revealed no significant findings. Testicular sonography demonstrated a possible right testicular lesion that was not confirmed on radical inguinal orchiectomy...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435815/nerve-ultrasound-predicts-treatment-response-in-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy-a-prospective-follow-up
#10
Florian Härtig, Marlene Ross, Nele Maria Dammeier, Nadin Fedtke, Bianka Heiling, Hubertus Axer, Bernhard F Décard, Eva Auffenberg, Marilin Koch, Tim W Rattay, Markus Krumbholz, Antje Bornemann, Holger Lerche, Natalie Winter, Alexander Grimm
As reliable biomarkers of disease activity are lacking, monitoring of therapeutic response in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) remains a challenge. We sought to determine whether nerve ultrasound and electrophysiology scoring could close this gap. In CIDP patients (fulfilling EFNS/PNS criteria), we performed high-resolution nerve ultrasound to determine ultrasound pattern sum scores (UPSS) and predominant echotexture nerve conduction study scores (NCSS) as well as Medical Research Council sum scores (MRCSS) and inflammatory neuropathy cause and treatment disability scores (INCAT) at baseline and after 12 months of standard treatment...
February 12, 2018: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343237/subtypes-in-clinical-burnout-patients-enrolled-in-an-employee-rehabilitation-program-differences-in-burnout-profiles-depression-and-recovery-resources-stress-balance
#11
Kathrin Bauernhofer, Daniela Bassa, Markus Canazei, Paulino Jiménez, Manuela Paechter, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss
BACKGROUND: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Yet, burnout subtypes based on burnout profiles have hardly been explored in clinical patients, and the samples investigated in previous studies were rather heterogeneous including patients with various physical, psychological, and social limitations, symptoms, and disabilities...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330232/interventions-must-be-realistic-to-be-useful-and-completed-in-family-medicine
#12
EDITORIAL
Marjorie A Bowman, Dean A Seehusen, Anne Victoria Neale
Being realistic while helping our patients is this issue's theme. Given the volume of tasks required in family medicine, recommendations for improvements in direct care or care measurement cannot just be evidence-based but must also be realistic. On the list of realistic: ordering antipsychotics for symptoms of dementia in the elderly, despite recommendations to not do so; ordering antidepressants without fear that the patient could develop hypertension; mental health care providers in primary care offices; forced choice for opioid management; plus agenda setting for visit efficiency...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250317/prospective-observational-research-on-the-clinical-profile-and-outcome-analysis-among-a-cohort-of-patients-sustaining-traumatic-cervical-spine-and-cord-injury-in-a-peripheral-tertiary-spine-care-centre-in-nepal
#13
Sunil Munakomi, Binod Bhattarai, Iype Cherian
Background: In developing nations like Nepal, spinal cord injury has multispectral consequences for both the patient and their family members. It has the tendency to cripple and handicap the patients, and burn out their caretakers, both physically and mentally. Furthermore, the centralization of health care with only a handful of dedicated rehabilitation centers throughout Nepal further places patients into disarray. This study was carried out as a pilot study to determine the modes of injury, age groups affected, clinical profiles and patterns of injury sustained, as well as the efficacy of managing a subset of patients, who have sustained cervical spine and cord injuries...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134422/hiv-prevention-among-young-women-in-south-africa-understanding-multiple-layers-of-risk
#14
Christina Psaros, Cecilia Milford, Jennifer A Smit, Letitia Greener, Nzwakie Mosery, Lynn T Matthews, Abigail Harrison, Janna R Gordon, Matthew Mimiaga, David R Bangsberg, Steven A Safren
Despite concerted prevention efforts, young South African women remain at the epicenter of the HIV epidemic. Although these women have grown up in a community powerfully affected by HIV, systematic investigation into how this "second generation" of HIV-affected youth navigates HIV risk is lacking. This study qualitatively explored a complex interplay of factors influencing HIV risk among young pregnant women in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 pregnant women (22 HIV-uninfected and 13 HIV-infected) aged 18-21, 18 healthcare providers, and focus groups with 19 community stakeholders...
November 13, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122221/qualitative-and-quantitative-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-for-the-characterisation-of-non-palpable-testicular-tumours
#15
A Luzurier, F Maxwell, J M Correas, G Benoit, V Izard, S Ferlicot, J P Teglas, M F Bellin, L Rocher
AIM: To assess the diagnostic performance of conventional ultrasound (US) and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of non-palpable intratesticular tumours. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The local ethics review board approved the protocol, and all of the patients provided written informed consent. Between December 2011 and February 2014, men with non-palpable testicular tumours and normal tumour markers who were referred for surgery were included...
March 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122154/feeling-burned-out-half-of-us-are-the-urgent-need-to-address-provider-health-and-wellness-in-allergy-and-immunology
#16
EDITORIAL
Theresa Bingemann, David A Khan, Sharon Markovics, Andrew G Weinstein, Hemant P Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097859/quantifying-burnout-among-emergency-medicine-professionals
#17
William Wilson, Jeffrey Pradeep Raj, Girish Narayan, Murtuza Ghiya, Shakuntala Murty, Bobby Joseph
Background: Burnout is a syndrome explained as serious emotional depletion with poor adaptation at work due to prolonged occupational stress. It has three principal components namely emotional exhaustion(EE), depersonalization(DP) and diminished feelings of personal accomplishment(PA). Thus, we aimed at measuring the degree of burnout in doctors and nurses working in emergency medicine department (EMD) of 4 select tertiary care teaching hospitals in South India. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted among EMD professionals using a 30-item standardized pilot tested questionnaire as well as the Maslach burnout inventory...
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071000/burned-out-testicular-cancer-really-a-different-history
#18
Claudia Mosillo, Simone Scagnoli, Giulia Pomati, Salvatore Caponnetto, Maria Laura Mancini, Mario Bezzi, Enrico Cortesi, Alain Gelibter
Two or more histological types characterize more than 60% of testicular germ cell tumors (GCTs). Burned-out testicular tumor refers to partial or complete histological regression of the primary testicular lesions. The most frequent GCT type involved in this kind of histological regression is choriocarcinoma, followed by embryonal carcinoma. To our knowledge, there are no cases of the burned-out phenomenon in teratoma. We report a case of a 19-year-old man presenting to our institute with a right testicular lesion, evidence of mediastinal and abdominal lymph node metastasis, and high levels of GCT serum biomarkers...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062374/why-do-emergency-medicine-residents-experience-burn-out-a-qualitative-study
#19
Atefe Kamaloo, Ahmad Ahmadipour, Ali Labbaf, Elham Hesari, Somaye Valadkhani, Jeyran Zebardast, Mohammad Arbabi
Objective: Emergency medicine residents are a high-risk group for burnout syndrome. This was a qualitative study with content analysis on emergency medical residents with 2 aims: evaluating the incidence of occupational burnout syndrome and identifying the points of view and attitudes of emergency medical residents about factors related to occupational burnout syndrome. Method: For this study, 2 sessions of focus group discussions were set up at Imam Khomeini hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979916/addressing-the-physicians-shortage-in-developing-countries-by-accelerating-and-reforming-the-medical-education-is-it-possible
#20
Mustafa Al-Shamsi
INTRODUCTION: Doctors' shortage has remained a concern worldwide. The developed countries started aids to recruit international medical graduates (IMG) to cope with the defects that the health care system suffers from; however, this solution may not work in developing countries that have a limited resource and poor budget to spend on the health care system. This study aims to present an alternative way to approach the physicians' shortage by accelerating undergraduate medical education and reform some post-graduate courses in order to cope with this problem...
October 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
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