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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819989/evaluating-the-addition-of-oxaliplatin-to-single-agent-fluoropyrimidine-in-the-treatment-of-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Subotheni Thavaneswaran, Peey Sei Kok, Timothy Price
INTRODUCTION: Multimodality treatment of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer has significantly improved local disease control, however the unaltered overall survival (OS) implicates an inability to further control micrometastases, providing rationale for intensified systemic treatment. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of adding oxaliplatin to a fluoropyrimidine (intervention) compared with fluoropyrimidine alone (control) in the treatment of resectable rectal cancer...
August 18, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819541/mortality-among-5-17-year-old-children-in-kenya
#2
Bonface Ombaba Osano, Fred Were, Shanaaz Mathews
INTRODUCTION: Global mortality trends have changed over time and are expected to continue changing with a reduction in communicable diseases and an increase of non-communicable disease. Increased survival of children beyond five years may change mortality patterns for these children. There are few studies in Africa that explore the causes of mortality in children over five years. The objective of this study was to determine the mortality rate and clinical profiles of children aged 5-17 years who died in six Kenyan hospitals in 2013...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819093/non-seminomatous-germ-cell-tumor-presenting-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#3
Paolo K Soriano, Muhammad F Iqbal, Omar M Siddiqui, Jeff F Wang, Meghna R Desai
BACKGROUND Primary mediastinal non-seminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCTs) are aggressive and carry a poor five-year disease free survival rate even with aggressive treatment. We describe a young adult male with primary mediastinal NSGCT presenting with airway obstruction and superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). CASE REPORT The patient presented with four weeks of nonproductive cough, weight loss, and right-sided pleuritic chest pain. Chest computed topography (CT) imaging demonstrated a right-sided mediastinal mass determined as a yolk sac tumor on biopsy...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818581/renal-transplantation-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-comparison-of-graft-survival-with-other-causes-of-end-stage-renal-disease
#4
Gabriel Horta-Baas, Adolfo Camargo-Coronel, Dafhne Guadalupe Miranda-Hernández, Leslie Gabriela Gónzalez-Parra, María Del Socorro Romero-Figueroa, Mario Pérez-Cristóbal
INTRODUCTION: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) due to lupus nephritis (LN) occurs in 10%-30% of patients. Initially systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was a contraindication for kidney transplantation (KT). Today, long-term graft survival remains controversial. Our objective was to compare the survival after KT in patients with SLE or other causes of ESRD. METHODS: All SLE patients who had undergone KT in a retrospective cohort were included. Renal graft survival was compared with that of 50 controls, matched for age, sex, and year of transplantation...
August 14, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816403/predictors-of-distant-relapse-in-patients-with-figo-stage-iib-iva-cervical-cancer-treated-with-definitive-radiotherapy
#5
Mika Okazawa-Sakai, Seiji Mabuchi, Fumiaki Isohashi, Atsushi Kawashima, Eriko Yokoi, Kazuhiko Ogawa, Tadashi Kimura
AIM: To investigate the predictors of distant relapse in International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IIB-IVA cervical cancer patients treated with definitive radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: The clinical data of 219 patients with FIGO stage IIB-IVA cervical cancer treated with definitive RT between January 1997 and December 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. The cumulative distant relapse, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816169/long-term-results-of-a-randomized-trial-comparing-iridium-implant-plus-external-beam-radiation-therapy-with-external-beam-radiation-therapy-alone-in-node-negative-locally-advanced-cancer-of-the-prostate
#6
Ian S Dayes, Sameer Parpia, Jaclyn Gilbert, Jim A Julian, Ian R Davis, Mark N Levine, Jinka Sathya
PURPOSE: To determine the impact on long-term survival from the addition of brachytherapy to external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) in patients with prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 1992 and 1997, 104 men with cT2-3, surgically staged node-negative prostate cancer were randomized to receive either EBRT (40 Gy/20 fractions) with iridium implant (35 Gy/48 hours) or EBRT alone (66 Gy/33 fractions) to the prostate. According to T stage, Gleason score, and prostate-specific antigen level, 60% of patients had high-risk disease...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814566/neurodevelopmental-outcome-at-2-years-for-preterm-children-born-at-22-to-34-weeks-gestation-in-france-in-2011-epipage-2-cohort-study
#7
Véronique Pierrat, Laetitia Marchand-Martin, Catherine Arnaud, Monique Kaminski, Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Cécile Lebeaux, Florence Bodeau-Livinec, Andrei S Morgan, François Goffinet, Stéphane Marret, Pierre-Yves Ancel
Objectives To describe neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years corrected age for children born alive at 22-26, 27-31, and 32-34 weeks' gestation in 2011, and to evaluate changes since 1997.Design Population based cohort studies, EPIPAGE and EPIPAGE-2.Setting France.Participants 5567 neonates born alive in 2011 at 22-34 completed weeks' gestation, with 4199 survivors at 2 years corrected age included in follow-up. Comparison of outcomes reported for 3334 (1997) and 2418 (2011) neonates born alive in the nine regions participating in both studies...
August 16, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813488/role-of-post-chemotherapy-radiation-in-the-management-of-children-and-adolescents-with-primary-advanced-malignant-mediastinal-germ-cell-tumors
#8
Junting Huang, Yuting Tan, Zijun Zhen, Suying Lu, Feifei Sun, Jia Zhu, Juan Wang, Ru Liao, Xiaofei Sun
OBJECTIVE: Primary malignant mediastinal germ cell tumors (MMGCTs) are rare in children and adolescents and have a poorer prognosis than their gonadal counterparts. We report a single institutional experience of a 10-year period of primary advanced MMGCTs treated with chemotherapy, followed by radiotherapy in those who had residual mass. METHODS: Children and adolescents with primary advanced MMGCTs between 2005 and 2014 were identified from the Cancer Center, Sun Yat-Sen University...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813218/five-year-outcomes-after-on-pump-and-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass
#9
A Laurie Shroyer, Brack Hattler, Todd H Wagner, Joseph F Collins, Janet H Baltz, Jacquelyn A Quin, G Hossein Almassi, Elizabeth Kozora, Faisal Bakaeen, Joseph C Cleveland, Muath Bishawi, Frederick L Grover
Background Coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery may be performed either with cardiopulmonary bypass (on pump) or without cardiopulmonary bypass (off pump). We report the 5-year clinical outcomes in patients who had been included in the Veterans Affairs trial of on-pump versus off-pump CABG. Methods From February 2002 through June 2007, we randomly assigned 2203 patients at 18 medical centers to undergo either on-pump or off-pump CABG, with 1-year assessments completed by May 2008. The two primary 5-year outcomes were death from any cause and a composite outcome of major adverse cardiovascular events, defined as death from any cause, repeat revascularization (CABG or percutaneous coronary intervention), or nonfatal myocardial infarction...
August 17, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810886/factors-affecting-survival-after-concurrent-chemoradiation-therapy-for-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-retrospective-study
#10
Ja Kyung Kim, Jun Won Kim, Ik Jae Lee, Seung-Moon Joo, Kwang-Hun Lee, Eun-Suk Cho, Jeong-Sik Yu, Tae Joo Jeon, Yonsoo Kim, Jung Il Lee, Kwan Sik Lee
BACKGROUND: Concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) followed by hepatic arterial infusional chemotherapy (HAIC) was reported to be effective for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein thrombosis. However, transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is not preferred in this setting. The aim of this study was to assess the factors affecting survival after CCRT, including additional TACE during repeated HAIC. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients who underwent CCRT as the initial treatment for Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C HCC with vascular invasion between 2009 and 2016 were reviewed retrospectively...
August 15, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810291/-correlation-between-extranodal-invasion-in-axillary-lymph-node-metastasis-and-prognosis-of-breast-cancer-patients
#11
L L Zhang, L Ma, C Z Geng, Y Jia, X L Wang, Y P Liu
Objective: To investigate the significance of extranodal extension of axillary lymph nodes (ALN-ENE) metastases in post-operative primary invasive breast carcinoma of non-specific type. Methods: Six hundred and thirty-eight invasive breast cancer cases confirmed by postoperative pathological examination were collected from January 2006 to December 2008. The relationship of lymph node metastases and ALN-ENE with other lymph node parameters and patient outcome was analyzed. Results: Among 638 cases, 263 (41.2%) showed axillary lymph node metastases...
August 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809762/elucidation-of-novel-chromosomal-abnormalities-in-pancreatic-cancer-conventional-and-molecular-cytogenetic-characterization-of-16-pancreatic-cell-lines
#12
David Shabsovich, Carlos A Tirado
Pancreatic carcinoma is a major cause of cancer-related death in the United States, with a five-year survival rate of approximately 5%. Cytogenetic analysis has identified clinically significant chromosomal abnormalities in numerous malignancies, but it is not utilized in the clinical management of pancreatic carcinoma. We performed conventional and molecular cytogenetic analysis of 16 pancreatic carcinoma cell lines using Giemsa banding and DNA-based fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Conventional cytogenetic analysis revealed a diversity of recurrent and clonal numerical and structural abnormalities in all cell lines analyzed, many of which occurred at loci of genes implicated in pancreatic or related cancers...
2017: Journal of the Association of Genetic Technologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809036/clinical-investigation-of-38-cases-of-oral-mucosal-melanoma-a-multicentre-retrospective-analysis-in-japan
#13
Shin-Ichi Yamada, Hiroshi Kurita, Takahiro Kamata, Tadaaki Kirita, Michihiro Ueda, Tetsuro Yamashita, Yoshihide Ota, Mitsunobu Otsuru, Nobuhiro Yamakawa, Masaya Okura, Tomonao Aikawa, Souichi Yanamoto, Masahiro Umeda
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate treatment modalities and outcomes in oral mucosal melanoma. METHODS: The clinical and pathological data of 38 consecutive patients with oral mucosal melanoma were retrospectively analyzed. Patients' characteristics were analyzed and overall survival (OS) rates were calculated. RESULTS: Sixteen patients had stage III (42%), 19 IVA (50%), and three had stage IVC (8%) disease...
August 15, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807407/infrarenal-aorta-as-the-donor-site-for-bypasses-to-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-for-chronic-mesenteric-ischemia-a-prospective-clinical-series-of-24-patients
#14
Giulio Illuminati, Giulia Pizzardi, Francesco G Calio', Rocco Pasqua, Federica Masci, Francesco Vietri
BACKGROUND: Treatment of symptomatic, chronic mesenteric ischemia is indicated to relieve symptoms and prevent acute ischemia and death. Current therapeutic options include endovascular and open surgery. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the results of bypasses to the superior mesenteric artery arising from the infrarenal aorta or infrarenal aortic grafts. METHODS: From January 1999 to December 2016, 24 consecutive patients with a mean age of 61 years underwent a prosthetic bypass to the superior mesenteric artery...
August 11, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807064/stage-is-a-prognostic-factor-for-surgically-treated-patients-with-early-stage-lip-cancer-for-whom-a-wait-and-see-policy-in-terms-of-neck-status-has-been-implemented
#15
G Eskiizmir, E Ozgur, G Karaca, P Temiz, N Hacioglu Yanar, B Cengiz Ozyurt
OBJECTIVES: To determine the locoregional control and survival rates (in terms of risk factors) of patients who underwent surgical resection of early-stage lip cancer and for whom a 'wait and see' policy in terms of neck status had been implemented. METHODS: The sociodemographic data, tumour stage, tumour characteristics and histopathological features of 41 patients with early-stage lip cancer were evaluated. Factors predictive of survival and locoregional recurrence were analysed...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803997/the-impact-of-distance-from-transplant-unit-on-outcomes-following-kidney-transplantation
#16
Anna Powell-Chandler, Usman Khalid, Szabolcs Horvath, Mohamed A Ilham, Argiris Asderakis, Michael R Stephens
BACKGROUND: Following transplantation, many patients travel long distances for follow-up care. Many studies have examined the influence of distance from transplant centre on access to transplantation, but few have examined post-transplant outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Distance from transplant centre was calculated for all kidney transplant recipients transplanted over a 5-year period. Outcomes measured were rates of acute rejection, graft and patient survival...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803241/gender-specific-aspects-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-undergoing-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-a-single-center-experience
#17
Doris Posch, Werner Rabitsch, Philipp Wohlfarth, Michael Leiner, Edit Porpaczy, Johannes Drach, Markus Raderer, Wolfgang Lamm
OBJECTIVE: Limited data exist on gender-specific aspects in hematologic malignancies and have been obtained mostly in non-Hodgkin lymphomas. The objective of this study was to investigate gender-specific aspects in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). METHODS: A retrospective data analysis of 191 patients with MM who underwent ASCT was performed. Data collected from clinical records included age, sex, stage, induction therapy, outcome of induction, kind of stem cell mobilization, response to induction therapy and ASCT, cytogenetic aberrations, progression-free survival, and overall survival...
August 12, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800310/nephroblastoma-overexpressed-gene-expression-and-its-prognostic-implications-of-clinical-outcomes-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients
#18
Hongbin Shi, Jianping Yu, Jie Li
BACKGROUND: The nephroblastoma overexpressed gene (NOV) expressions in tissues and organs has become abnormal during tumorigenesis and progression. This study intended to investigate the correlation between clinical outcomes and NOV expression in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. METHODS: Fifty RCC patients who attended the hospital from January 2013 to January 2015 were enrolled in this study. NOV expression in cancerous tissues and adjacent non-cancerous renal tissues of RCC patients were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
July 31, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800049/survival-outcomes-following-aggressive-treatment-of-oligometastatic-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-protocol
#19
Robyn Coombe, Karolina Lisy, Jared Campbell, Gajen Perry, Subhita Prasannan
The objective of this systematic review is to assess the effectiveness of aggressive treatment of oligometastatic breast cancer (OMBC) on survival outcomes by conducting a meta-analysis of current available evidence.More specifically, the objectives are to identify the effectiveness of intensified multidisciplinary treatment with aggressive locoregional therapies on survival time, five-year survival rates and disease free survival. The population is adult women (18 years and over) with OMBC defined as single or few (five or less) metastases limited to a single organ and the comparative group is conventional palliative treatment aimed at disease control...
August 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799064/safety-and-efficacy-of-isolated-limb-infusion-chemotherapy-for-advanced-locoregional-melanoma-in-elderly-patients-an-australian-multicenter-study
#20
Hidde M Kroon, Brendon J Coventry, Mitchell H Giles, Michael A Henderson, David Speakman, Mark Wall, Andrew Barbour, Jonathan Serpell, Paul Paddle, Bernard M Smithers, John F Thompson
BACKGROUND: Isolated limb infusion (ILI) offers a minimally invasive treatment option for locally advanced extremity melanoma. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ILI in elderly patients in an Australian multicenter setting. METHODS: The results of 316 first ILI procedures, performed between 1992 and 2008 in five Australian institutions, were identified and analyzed, with the main focus on elderly patients (≥75 years of age)...
August 10, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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