keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prediction risk

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823060/cardiac-death-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-aneurysm-remodeling-and-myocardial-viability-by-gated-99m-tc-mibi-spect-and-gated-18-f-fdg-pet
#1
Weixue Wang, Xiang Li, Congna Tian, Shihua Zhao, Marcus Hacker, Xiaoli Zhang
(1) To evaluate the prognostic value of LV remodeling parameters in patients with LV aneurysm by gated SPECT (GSPECT), gated PET (GPET) and CMR; (2) to evaluate the impact of myocardial viability and LV remodeling on the long-term cardiac survival in patients with LV aneurysm. One hundred and twenty-six consecutive patients underwent GPET, GSPECT and CMR within two weeks, with a mean follow-up of 3.9 ± 1.5 years. End-diastolic volume (EDV, mL) and end-systolic volume (ESV, mL) measured by GPET, GSPECT and CMR and corrected for BSA; EDVI and ESVI were calculated...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823055/effectivity-of-a-modified-sanz-risk-model-for-early-death-prediction-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia
#2
Yinjun Lou, Yafang Ma, Jianai Sun, Sansan Suo, Hongyan Tong, Wenbin Qian, Wenyuan Mai, Haitao Meng, Jie Jin
Early death is the main obstacle for the cure of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). We have analyzed risk factors of early death from 526 consecutive newly diagnosed APL patients between 2004 and 2016. The overall incidence of early death was 7.2% (38/526). The peak hazard of early death occurred in the first 0-3 days. Multivariate logistic analysis demonstrated white blood cell (WBC) counts [odds ratio (OR) = 1.039; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.024-1.055; P < 0.001], age (OR = 1...
August 19, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823012/ratio-of-circulating-estrogen-receptors-beta-and-alpha-er%C3%AE-er%C3%AE-indicates-endoscopic-activity-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#3
Pablo M Linares, Alicia Algaba, Ana Urzainqui, Mercedes Guijarro-Rojas, Rafael González-Tajuelo, Jesús Garrido, María Chaparro, Javier P Gisbert, Fernando Bermejo, Iván Guerra, Víctor Castellano, María-Encarnación Fernández-Contreras
BACKGROUND: Data supporting a role of female hormones and/or their receptors in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are increasing, but most of them are derived from animal models. Estrogen receptors alpha (ERα) and beta (ERβ) participate in immune and inflammatory response, among a variety of biological processes. Their effects are antagonistic, and the net action of estrogens may depend on their relative proportions. AIM: To determine the possible association between the balance of circulating ERβ and ERα (ERβ/ERα) and IBD risk and activity...
August 19, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823009/proton-pump-inhibitors-as-risk-factor-for-metabolic-syndrome-and-hepatic-steatosis-in-coeliac-disease-patients-on-gluten-free-diet
#4
Nicola Imperatore, Raffaella Tortora, Testa Anna, Nicolò Gerbino, Nicola Caporaso, Antonio Rispo
BACKGROUND: Recent research has shown that patients with coeliac disease (CD) are at risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MS) and hepatic steatosis (HS) after commencing a gluten-free diet (GFD). This study aimed to evaluate the predictive factors for MS and HS in CD after 1 year of GFD. METHODS: All consecutive newly diagnosed CD patients were enrolled. We prospectively collected data about BMI; waist circumference; blood pressure; cholesterol; triglycerides, glucose and insulin blood levels; insulin resistance (through the homeostatic model assessment HOMA-IR) and treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPI)...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823006/impact-of-gleason-score-on-biochemical-recurrence-in-patients-with-pt3an0-nx-prostate-cancer-with-positive-surgical-margins-a-multicenter-study-from-the-prostate-cancer-research-committee
#5
Wan Song, Dong Hyeon Lee, Hwang Gyun Jeon, Byong Chang Jeong, Seong Il Seo, Hyun Moo Lee, Han Yong Choi, Jong Wook Kim, SangChul Lee, Seok-Soo Byun, Chang Wook Jeong, Cheol Kwak, Jin Seon Cho, Hanjong Ahn, Seong Soo Jeon
PURPOSE: Oncologic outcomes of patients with pT3aN0/Nx prostate cancer (PCa) with positive surgical margins (PSM) after radical prostatectomy (RP) are heterogeneous. We investigated the impact of Gleason score (GS) on biochemical recurrence (BCR) in these patients. METHODS: A retrospective, multicenter study was performed on 795 patients with pT3aN0/Nx PCa with PSM after RP between January 2006 and December 2014. Clinicopathologic characteristics of patients were examined and onset of BCR was identified...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822997/18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-solitary-plasmacytoma-metabolic-behavior-and-progression-to-multiple-myeloma
#6
Domenico Albano, Giovanni Bosio, Giorgio Treglia, Raffaele Giubbini, Francesco Bertagna
PURPOSE: Solitary plasmacytoma (SP) is a rare plasma-cell neoplasm, which can develop both in skeletal and/or soft tissue and frequently progresses to multiple myeloma (MM). Our aim was to study the metabolic behavior of SP and the role of 18F-FDG-PET/CT in predicting progression to MM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-two patients with SP who underwent 18F-FDG-PET/CT before any treatment were included. PET images were qualitatively and semiquantitatively analyzed by measuring the maximum standardized uptake value body weight (SUVbw), lean body mass (SUVlbm), body surface area (SUVbsa), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG) and compared with age, sex, site of primary disease, and tumor size...
August 19, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822993/seropositivity-and-titers-of-anti-smooth-muscle-actin-antibody-are-associated-with-relapse-of-type-1-autoimmune-hepatitis
#7
Taro Shibuki, Taiga Otsuka, Hiroshi Isoda, Norimasa Araki, Yoshihito Kubotsu, Yasunori Kawaguchi, Shunya Nakashita, Wataru Yoshioka, Seiji Kawazoe, Hiroaki Kawasoe, Yasushi Ide, Toshihiko Mizuta, Saga Study Group Of Liver Diseases Sasld
BACKGROUND It is important to avoid relapse in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) because repeated multiple relapses have been associated with a worse prognosis. However, risk factors for relapse before initiation of treatment are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to find predictive markers for relapse of type 1 AIH. MATERIAL AND METHODS We reviewed the records of 53 patients diagnosed with type 1 AIH based on the revised scoring system proposed by the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (IAIHG) between 2009 and 2014 at 4 hospitals belonging to the Saga Study Group of Liver Diseases (SASLD)...
August 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822936/influence-of-coupled-ocean-atmosphere-phenomena-on-the-greater-horn-of-africa-droughts-and-their-implications
#8
Freddie Mpelasoka, Joseph L Awange, Ayalsew Zerihun
Drought-like humanitarian crises in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) are increasing despite recent progress in drought monitoring and prediction efforts. Notwithstanding these efforts, there remain challenges stemming from uncertainty in drought prediction, and the inflexibility and limited buffering capacity of the recurrent impacted systems. The complexity of the interactions of ENSO, IOD, IPO and NAO, arguably remains the main source of uncertainty in drought prediction. To develop practical drought risk parameters that potentially can guide investment strategies and risk-informed planning, this study quantifies, drought characteristics that underpin drought impacts management...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822918/screening-for-frailty-in-community-dwelling-elderly-subjects-predictive-validity-of-the-modified-sega-instrument
#9
N Oubaya, M Dramé, J-L Novella, E Quignard, C Cunin, D Jolly, R Mahmoudi
AIMS: To study the capacity of the SEGAm instrument to predict loss of independence among elderly community-dwelling subjects. METHODS: The study was performed in four French departments (Ardennes, Marne, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Meuse). Subjects aged 65 years or more, living at home, who could read and understand French, with a degree of autonomy corresponding to groups 5 or 6 in the AGGIR autonomy evaluation scale were included. Assessment included demographic characteristics, comprehensive geriatric assessment, and the SEGAm instrument at baseline...
August 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822828/targeted-lowering-of-central-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-hypertension-baseline-recruitment-rationale-and-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-the-low-cbp-study
#10
James E Sharman, Tony Stanton, Christopher M Reid, Anthony Keech, Philip Roberts-Thomson, Simon Stewart, Robert Greenough, Michael Stowasser, Walter P Abhayaratna
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure (BP) is the most common modifiable cause of death from cardiovascular disease. Lowering BP with medication improves patient outcomes, but even in populations with normal upper arm (brachial) BP there remains considerable residual risk for cardiovascular disease and this may be due to persistently elevated central BP. There has never been a trial to determine the value of targeted central BP lowering among patients with hypertension, and this was the aim of this study...
August 16, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822787/global-regional-and-national-deaths-prevalence-disability-adjusted-life-years-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#11
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are common diseases with a heterogeneous distribution worldwide. Here, we present methods and disease and risk estimates for COPD and asthma from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) 2015 study. The GBD study provides annual updates on estimates of deaths, prevalence, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a summary measure of fatal and non-fatal disease outcomes, for over 300 diseases and injuries, for 188 countries from 1990 to the most recent year...
August 16, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822765/local-radiotherapy-reduces-circulating-tumor-cells-and-metastatic-progression-role-of-circulating-cell-detection-in-response-to-vascular-damaging-therapies
#12
Nathan A Koonce, Mazen A Juratli, Chengzhong Cai, Mustafa Sarimollaoglu, Yulian A Menyaev, Judy Dent, Charles M Quick, Ruud P M Dings, Dmitry Nedosekin, Vladimir Zharov, Robert J Griffin
Noninvasive biological readouts of tumor metastatic risk and therapeutic efficacy are needed as healthcare costs rise. Conventional imaging modalities are expensive; require significant periods of time to see appreciable change and repetitive use increases risk of hazardous side effects. Utilizing circulating tumor cells (CTCs) as a minimally invasive biological readout of tumor progression or therapeutic response is increasingly being studied. While focus has primarily been on the predictive value of naturally occurring CTCs, a more recent effort has emerged regarding the potential consequence of therapy induced CTCs...
August 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822756/differences-in-psychosocial-and-behavioral-variables-by-dietary-screening-tool-risk-category-in-older-adults
#13
Geoffrey W Greene, Ingrid Lofgren, Chelsea Paulin, Mary L Greaney, Phillip G Clark
BACKGROUND: The Dietary Screening Tool (DST) has been validated as a dietary screening instrument for older adults defining three categories of potential nutritional risk based on DST score cutoffs. Previous research has found that older adults classified as being "at risk" differed from those categorized as being "not at risk" for a limited number of health-related variables. The relationship between risk categories and a wide variety of variables has not yet been explored. This research will contribute to an increased understanding of clustering of multiple health concerns in this population...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822745/discordant-perceptions-of-prognosis-and-treatment-options-between-physicians-and-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure
#14
Amrut V Ambardekar, Jennifer T Thibodeau, Adam D DeVore, Michelle M Kittleson, Rhondalyn C Forde-McLean, Maryse Palardy, Maria M Mountis, Linda Cadaret, Jeffrey J Teuteberg, Salpy V Pamboukian, Rongbing Xie, Lynne W Stevenson, Garrick C Stewart
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed patient and physician perceptions of heart failure (HF) disease severity and treatment options. BACKGROUND: The prognosis for ambulatory patients with advanced HF on medical therapy is uncertain, yet has important implications for decision making regarding transplantation and left ventricular assist device (LVAD) placement. METHODS: Ambulatory patients with advanced HF (New York Heart Association functional class III to IV, Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support profiles 4 to 7) on optimized medical therapy were enrolled across 11 centers...
August 3, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822724/finding-the-ledge-sagittal-analysis-of-bony-landmarks-of-the-orbit
#15
Peter J J Gooris, Barbara S Muller, Leander Dubois, Jan E Bergsma, Gertjan Mensink, Maaike F E van den Ham, Alfred G Becking, Karlien Seubring
PURPOSE: This study determined the average distances and angles between anatomic landmarks within the orbit, with an emphasis on localization of the orbital process of the palatine bone. This information will help the surgeon with treatment planning and surgical procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four anatomic landmarks were identified retrospectively on computed tomograms of 100 adult Caucasian patients (50 men and 50 women): the top of the infraorbital margin superior to the infraorbital foramen (point A), the top of the orbital process of the palatine bone (point B), the anteriormost bony portion of the superior orbital fissure (point C), and the ventrolateral aspect of the bony entrance of the optic canal (point D)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822557/family-history-of-cancer-predicts-endometrial-cancer-risk-independently-of-lynch-syndrome-implications-for-genetic-counselling
#16
Sharon E Johnatty, Yen Y Tan, Daniel D Buchanan, Michael Bowman, Rhiannon J Walters, Andreas Obermair, Michael A Quinn, Penelope B Blomfield, Alison Brand, Yee Leung, Martin K Oehler, Judy A Kirk, Tracy A O'Mara, Penelope M Webb, Amanda B Spurdle
OBJECTIVE: To determine endometrial cancer (EC) risk according to family cancer history, including assessment by degree of relatedness, type of and age at cancer diagnosis of relatives. METHODS: Self-reported family cancer history was available for 1353 EC patients and 628 controls. Logistic regression was used to quantify the association between EC and cancer diagnosis in ≥1 first or second degree relative, and to assess whether level of risk differed by degree of relationship and/or relative's age at diagnosis...
August 16, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822527/coronary-artery-disease-in-women
#17
REVIEW
Lekha Adik Pathak, Salil Shirodkar, Ronak Ruparelia, Jaideep Rajebahadur
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of CAD for women, there is persistent perception that CAD is a man's disease. Contributing to this notion is the observation of differences in incidence rates according to age; the incidence of CAD in women is lower than men, but rises steadily after fifth decade. The distribution of CAD risk factors varies between men and women across age ranges and failure to consider these differences may have contributed to the belief that women are at lower risk of CAD compared with men...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822511/comparison-of-different-cardiovascular-risk-score-calculators-for-cardiovascular-risk-prediction-and-guideline-recommended-statin-uses
#18
Naveen Garg, Subrat K Muduli, Aditya Kapoor, Satyendra Tewari, Sudeep Kumar, Roopali Khanna, Pravin Kumar Goel
OBJECTIVE: The accuracy of various 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators in Indians may not be the same as in other populations. Present study was conducted to compare the various calculators for CVD risk assessment and statin eligibility according to different guidelines. METHODS: Consecutive 1110 patients who presented after their first myocardial infarction were included. Their CVD risk was calculated using Framingham Risk score- Coronary heart disease (FRS-CHD), Framingham Risk Score- Cardiovascular Disease (FRS-CVD), QRISK2, Joint British Society risk calculator 3 (JBS3), American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA), atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and WHO risk charts, assuming that they had presented one day before cardiac event for risk assessment...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822455/-feasibility-analysis-of-predicting-the-risk-of-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-by-preoperative-ct
#19
M Yu, Y D Wang, H Z Xue, Q Shen, J Xu, X Zhang, J K Jia, M Jia
Objective: To study the preoperative computed tomography (CT) data of patients with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and to explore the effective of predicting the risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Methods: CT images of patients with PD were analyzed retrospectively from June 2010 to January 2017 in Zhengzhou University of People's Hospital. The pancreas index, pancreatic duct width, pancreas CT value, pancreas-spleen CT value, and pancreas thickness were collected. The relationship between the indicators and the POPF was determined, and the receiver operation characteristic (ROC) curve was calculated and the area under the curve (AUC) was evaluated...
August 8, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822452/-a-study-on-the-correlation-between-neo-bioscoresystem-and-disease-free-survival-of-breast-cancer-patients-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#20
G C Wang, F R Xu, J B Li, W Liu, L Bian, S H Zhang, T Wang, S T Song, Z F Jiang
Obiective: To explorethe correlation between Neo-Bioscore and disease-free survival (DFS) after neoadjuvant therapy in patients with breast cancer in China. Methods: The clinical and pathological data of 429 patients with early or locally advanced breast cancer who received neoadjuvant therapy at the No.307 Hospital of PLA from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2015 were analyzed and we followed up their DFS. Results: Neo-Bioscore were closely related to DFS (χ(2)=47.662, P<0.001). When the groups were divided by Neo-Bioscore 3, they weremore relevantto DFS (HR=5...
August 8, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
keyword
keyword
22551
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"