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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109573/the-optimal-procedure-for-retransplantation-after-single-lung%C3%A2-transplantation
#1
Zachary N Kon, Gregory J Bittle, Chetan Pasrija, Pablo G Sanchez, Bartley P Griffith, Richard N Pierson
BACKGROUND: Retransplantation has emerged as a therapeutic option for patients experiencing respiratory failure after single lung transplantation. However, outcomes associated with the surgical option (ipsilateral, contralateral, or bilateral lung retransplantation) has not been well evaluated. METHODS: The Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network database (1994 to 2012) was queried for all lung transplant procedures performed after an initial single lung transplantation...
January 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106498/performing-concurrent-operations-in-academic-vascular-neurosurgery-does-not-affect-patient-outcomes
#2
Corinna C Zygourakis, Janelle Lee, Julio Barba, Errol Lobo, Michael T Lawton
OBJECTIVE Concurrent surgeries, also known as "running two rooms" or simultaneous/overlapping operations, have recently come under intense scrutiny. The goal of this study was to evaluate the operative time and outcomes of concurrent versus nonconcurrent vascular neurosurgical procedures. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed 1219 procedures performed by 1 vascular neurosurgeon from 2012 to 2015 at the University of California, San Francisco. Data were collected on patient age, sex, severity of illness, risk of mortality, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) status, procedure type, admission type, insurance, transfer source, procedure time, presence of resident or fellow in operating room (OR), number of co-surgeons, estimated blood loss (EBL), concurrent vs nonconcurrent case, severe sepsis, acute respiratory failure, postoperative stroke causing neurological deficit, unplanned return to OR, 30-day mortality, and 30-day unplanned readmission...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075435/cardiac-biomarkers-predict-1-year-mortality-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-hip-fracture-surgery
#3
Spyridon Katsanos, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Nikolaos Kafkas, Celestino Sardu, Vasileios Kamperidis, Panagiota Katsanou, Dimitrios Farmakis, John Parissis
This prospective study included 152 elderly patients (mean age, 80 years; range, 72-88 years) with a hip fracture treated surgically. Comorbidities were evaluated, and B-type natriuretic peptide was measured at baseline and at postoperative days 4 and 5 in addition to troponin I. Major cardiac events were recorded, and 1-year mortality was assessed. Comorbidity models with the important multivariate predictors of 1-year mortality were analyzed. Overall, 9 patients (6%) experienced major cardiac events postoperatively during their hospitalization...
January 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069048/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-survival-of-patients-with-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Hao-Jun Xie, Xu Zhang, Zhen-Qiang Wei, Hao Long, Tie-Hua Rong, Xiao-Dong Su
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) has a U-shaped association with lung cancer risk. However, the effect of BMI on prognosis is controversial. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the effect of BMI on the survival of patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after surgical resection. METHODS: In total, 624 consecutive stage I NSCLC patients who underwent radical resection were classified into four groups according to their BMI: underweight (BMI < 18...
January 10, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063123/minimally-invasive-surgery-should-be-the-standard-of-care-for-paraesophageal-hernia-repair
#5
Francisco Schlottmann, Paula D Strassle, Timothy M Farrell, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: It is unclear if minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has been universally embraced for paraesophageal hernia (PEH) repair. The aims of this study were: (a) to assess the national utilization of MIS for PEH repair and (b) to compare the perioperative outcomes between MIS and open procedures METHODS: A retrospective population-based analysis was performed using the National Inpatient Sample for the period 2000-2013. Adult patients (≥18 years old) who underwent PEH repair were included...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057809/factors-associated-with-long-term-mortality-after-fontan-procedures-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Tarek Alsaied, Jouke P Bokma, Mark E Engel, Joey M Kuijpers, Samuel P Hanke, Liesl Zuhlke, Bin Zhang, Gruschen R Veldtman
BACKGROUND: Despite an ageing Fontan population, data on late outcomes are still scarce. Reported outcome measures and determinants vary greatly between studies making comprehensive appraisal of mortality hazard challenging. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review to evaluate causes and factors associated with late mortality in patients with Fontan circulation. Late mortality was defined as mortality beyond the first postoperative year. Studies were included if they had ≥90 patients or ≥20 late mortalities and/or transplants...
January 15, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054141/indications-for-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-in-elderly-patients-with-peritoneal-malignancy
#7
Toshiyuki Kitai, Kenya Yamanaka, Yuya Miyauchi, Masahiro Kawashima
PURPOSE: A combination of cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS + HIPEC) is effective for some peritoneal malignancies. However, the indications for elderly patients remain unclear, with substantial postoperative morbidity and mortality being problematic. MATERIALS: Clinical data were analyzed in 42 patients undergoing CRS + HIPEC for peritoneal malignancy. The primary tumor was located in the appendix in 32 cases and elsewhere in 10 cases...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043473/estimating-the-annual-incremental-cost-of-several-complications-following-pulmonary-lobectomy
#8
Oliver K Jawitz, Daniel J Boffa, Frank C Detterbeck, Zuoheng Wang, Anthony W Kim
Determine the incremental increase in cost as well as length of hospital stay associated with several major complications following pulmonary lobectomy using a large national dataset. A retrospective cohort analysis of the 2012 National Inpatient Sample, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project database was performed. Demographic and clinical data on patients ≥18 years having undergone an open or VATS lobectomy were included in the analysis. The median increase in cost and length of stay associated with relevant major complications were determined using a multivariable quantile regression model...
July 2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043430/prone-positioning-in-cardiac-surgery-for-many-but-not-for-everyone
#9
Che von Wardenburg, Martin Wenzl, Angelo M Dell'Aquila, Axel Junger, Theodor Fischlein, Giuseppe Santarpino
Prone positioning is a therapeutic maneuver to improve arterial oxygenation in patients with acute lung injury that is not implemented in most centers performing adult cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to review our experience with prone positioning to assess the effects of this maneuver in patients with postoperative acute respiratory failure. From 2010-2014, 127 adult patients with postoperative acute respiratory failure were treated with prone positioning in addition to specific therapy. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify independent risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality...
July 2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028259/-an-autopsy-case-of-pulmonary-tumor-thrombotic-microangiopathy-that-progressed-slowly-during-chemotherapy-for-advanced-gastric-cancer
#10
Nobuyasu Suzuki, Ayaka Azami, Yukitoshi Todate, Takeshi Tada, Mitsuru Waragai, Michitaka Honda, Atai Sato, Yoshinao Takano, Tsuyoshi Abe, Yasushi Teranishi
A man in his 50s presented to our hospital for anemia and was diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer with para-aortic lymph node metastases. He underwent gastrojejunostomy and received postoperative chemotherapy. Despite stable disease with chemotherapy, he complained of cough and respiratory discomfort and was subsequently admitted with progressive respiratory distress. Pulmonary hypertension and right-sided heart failure developed, and he died of sudden cardiopulmonary arrest 9 days after admission. An autopsy revealed widespread tumor metastasis, and he was diagnosed with pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy(PTTM)associated with gastric cancer...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011739/surgical-management-of-aortic-coarctation-in-adolescents-and-adults
#11
Kanhua Yin, Zhiqi Zhang, Yi Lin, Changfa Guo, Yongxin Sun, Ziwei Tian, Qiuchen Xie, Chunsheng Wang
OBJECTIVES: Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) in adolescents and adults is often complicated by other cardiac or aortic problems and may carry additional surgical difficulties. Limited studies have reported the surgical outcomes of CoA repair in this particular patient population. We reviewed our contemporary experience of open surgical management of CoA in adolescents and adults. METHODS: From 2008 to 2016, a total of 60 adolescents and adults (mean age, 32 years) underwent CoA repair at our centre...
December 22, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008901/-the-role-of-plasmapheresis-in-prevention-of-complications-after-thoracoscopic-thymectomy-in-patients-with-myasthenia-combined-with-thymic-hyperplasia
#12
E I Sigal, A M Sigal, R E Sigal, M V Burmistrov, V R Bikbaeva
Surgical indications for thymectomy include thymus tumour of different genesis as well as myasthenia. Minimally invasive methods such as thorascopy and robot-assisted thymectomy have been widely used lately as well as standard surgical methods namely sternotomy and thoracotomy. Regardless the type of access in myasthenia patients specific crisis conditions of respiratory failure can appear in postoperative period that usually requires mechanical ventilation. This study was aimed to estimate the efficacy of pre- and postoperative plasmapheresis in prevention of specific myasthenia-associated complications...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988091/pulmonary-complications-after-open-abdominal-aortic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Laura Pasin, Pasquale Nardelli, Alessandro Belletti, Massimiliano Greco, Giovanni Landoni, Luca Cabrini, Roberto Chiesa, Alberto Zangrillo
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) are among the most common complications after noncardiac surgery. Men, smokers, and elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or heart failure are more likely to experience PPC. The majority of patients undergoing vascular surgery belong in these categories and are at higher risk of developing PPC. Moreover, the surgical site is one of the most important risk factors associated with PPC, and aortic surgery carries the highest risk...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965964/pulmonary-perfusion-and-ventilation-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-are-not-associated-with-improved-postoperative-outcomes-after-cardiac-surgery
#14
Yiliam F Rodriguez-Blanco, Angela Gologorsky, Tomas Antonio Salerno, Kaming Lo, Edward Gologorsky
OBJECTIVES: Clinical trials of either pulmonary perfusion or ventilation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CBP) are equivocal. We hypothesized that to achieve significant improvement in outcomes both interventions had to be concurrent. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTINGS: Major academic tertiary referral medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred seventy-four consecutive patients who underwent open heart surgery with CBP 2009-2013...
2016: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958619/evaluation-of-urgent-multivisceral-resections-due-to-complications-resulting-from-an-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#15
Tomasz Miłek, Witold Woźniak, Piotr Porzycki, Alkalayla Habib, Agnieszka Timorek, Piotr Ciostek, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Krzysztof Cendrowski
BACKGROUND: Unlike other solid tumors (i.e. pancreas, gallbladder, stomach), an ovarian cancer is responsive to a systemic treatment with platinum derivates in 80% of patients. This apparent chemosensitivity justifies a broader surgical approach. A cytoreductive, "tumor-debulking" surgery is defined as an attempt to remove in a maximum degree all visible and detect-able lesions. Despite treatment, the advancement of the disease very often leads to complications defined as "surgical" and life-threatening...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955854/-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-for-aortic-stenosis-initial-experience
#16
Guillermo Careaga-Reyna, José Luis Lázaro-Castillo, Carlos Alberto Lezama-Urtecho, Enriqueta Macías-Miranda, Juan José Dosta-Herrera, José Galván Díaz
BACKGROUND: Aortic stenosis is a frequent disease in the elderly, and is associated with other systemic pathologies that may contraindicate the surgical procedure. Another option for these patients is percutaneous aortic valve implantation, which is less invasive. We present our initial experience with this procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with aortic stenosis were included once selection criteria were accomplished. Under general anaesthesia and echocardiographic and fluosocopic control, a transcatheter aortic valve was implanted following s valvuloplasty...
December 9, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942052/critical-incidents-in-paediatric-anaesthesia-a-prospective-analysis-over-a-1-year-period
#17
Raylene Dias, Nandini Dave, Swapna Chiluveru, Madhu Garasia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Critical incident reporting helps to identify errors and formulate preventive strategies. Many countries have existing national reporting systems. Such a system is yet to be established in India. We aimed to study the incidence of critical events in the paediatric operation theatre (OT) of our institute. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of all children receiving anaesthesia in paediatric OT over a period of 1 year. They were monitored intraoperatively as well as postoperatively, and critical incidents were noted in terms of date and time of incident, location (OT/post-anaesthesia care unit, clinical category, age of patient, degree of patient harm resulting from the incident, description of what happened and duration of surgery...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938885/valve-repair-is-superior-to-replacement-in-most-patients-with-coexisting-degenerative-mitral-valve-and-coronary-artery-diseases
#18
Hoda Javadikasgari, A Marc Gillinov, Jay J Idrees, Tomislav Mihaljevic, Rakesh M Suri, Sajjad Raza, Penny L Houghtaling, Lars G Svensson, José L Navia, Stephanie L Mick, Milind Y Desai, Joseph F Sabik, Eugene H Blackstone
BACKGROUND: For mitral regurgitation (MR) from degenerative mitral disease in patients with coexisting coronary artery disease, the appropriate surgical strategy remains controversial. METHODS: From 1985 to 2011, 1,071 adults (age 70 ± 9.3 years, 77% men) underwent combined coronary artery bypass grafting and either mitral valve repair (n = 872, 81%) or replacement (n=199, 19%) for degenerative MR. Propensity matching (177 patient pairs, 89% of possible matches) was used to compare early outcomes and time-related recurrence of MR after mitral valve repair, mitral valve reoperation, and mortality...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938884/outcomes-of-dialysis-dependent-patients-after-cardiac-operations-in-a-single-center-experience-of-483-patients
#19
Sergey Leontyev, Piroze M Davierwala, Lisa-Marie Gaube, Knut A Röhrig, Sven Lehmann, David M Holzhey, Jörg Seeburger, Thilo Noack, Martin Misfeld, Friedrich W Mohr
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the preoperative predictors of in-hospital and medium-term mortality in patients with dialysis-dependent chronic renal failure (DD CRF) undergoing cardiac operations. METHODS: Between January 1996 and June 2014, 483 consecutive patients with DD CRF underwent cardiac surgical procedures. The mean age was 65 ± 11 years, and 32. 3% were women. Isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or isolated valve operations were performed in 39...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924176/our-clinical-experience-of-self-expanding-metal-stent-for-malignant-central-airway-obstruction
#20
Akash Verma, Chee Kiang Phua, Qiu Mei Wu, Wen Yuan Sim, Audrey Wee Chuan Rui, Soon Keng Goh, Benjamin Ho, Ai Ching Kor, Andrew S Y Wong, Albert Y H Lim, Dessmon Y H Tai, John Abisheganaden
BACKGROUND: We studied the safety, effectiveness, and limitations of airway stenting using self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) in patients with malignant central airway obstruction (CAO). METHODS: A retrospective review of records of patients undergoing SEMS placement for malignant CAO during year 2013 - 2014 was done. RESULTS: Sixteen patients (11 males and five females) underwent SEMS placement for malignant CAO. Median (range) age was 66 (54 - 78) years...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
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