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Aeromedical retrieval

Gregg Neagle, Lisa Curatolo, John Ferris, Mike Donald, Stephen Hearns, Alasdair R Corfield
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital critical care teams comprising an appropriately trained physician and paramedic or nurse have been associated with improved outcomes in selected trauma patients. These teams are a scarce and expensive resource, especially when delivered by rotary air assets. The optimal tasking of prehospital critical care teams is therefore vital and remains a subject of debate. Emergency Medical Retrieval Service (EMRS) provides a prehospital critical care response team to incidents over a large area of Scotland either by air or by road...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Jeffrey M Carness, Melissa A Wilson, Mark J Lenart, Danny E Smith, Susan F Dukes
INTRODUCTION: There is much debate regarding the appropriate analgesic management of patients undergoing medical evacuation following combat trauma. Our primary objective was to review the utility of regional anesthetic techniques in patients undergoing aeromedical evacuation following surgical limb amputation as treatment for combat trauma. METHODS: This study was conducted as an observational retrospective cohort whereby acutely injured amputee patients were identified via the U...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Jan O Jansen, Stephanie Phillips, David R Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Luke Regan, Charles Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Naomi Dodds, Philip Emerson, Stephanie Phillips, David R Green, Jan O Jansen
BACKGROUND: Trauma systems in remote and rural regions often rely on helicopter emergency medical services to facilitate access to definitive care. The siting of such resources is key, but often relies on simplistic modeling of coverage, using circular isochrones. Scotland is in the process of implementing a national trauma network, and there have been calls for an expansion of aeromedical retrieval capacity. The aim of this study was to analyze population and area coverage of the current retrieval service configuration, with three aircraft, and a configuration with an additional helicopter, in the North East of Scotland, using a novel methodology...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Andrew R Coggins, Erin N Cummins, Brian Burns
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) therapy is widely used for the management of acute respiratory failure. The objective of this study was to investigate the current use of NIV during interhospital retrievals in an Australian physician-led aeromedical service. METHODS: We reviewed patients receiving NIV during interhospital retrieval at the Greater Sydney Area Helicopter Medical Services (GSA-HEMS) over a 14-month period. The main objectives were to describe the number of retrievals using NIV, the need for intubation in NIV patients and the effect of the therapy on mission duration...
November 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Marcus D Hayward, Luke Regan, John Glasheen, Brian Burns
OBJECTIVE: There is little current evidence regarding which therapeutic agents are actually used within existing aeromedical services. The Greater Sydney Area Helicopter Emergency Medical Service operates a large, physician-staffed, multimodal, prehospital and interhospital retrieval service. The aim of the present study was to identify the range and frequency of drug, fluid and blood product use within our service. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study...
June 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Russell Jones, Stephen Langford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
Jo Davies, Fiona Lynch, Andrew Nyman, Shelley Riphagen
BACKGROUND: The first independent paediatric retrieval nurse practitioners (RNP) in the UK and Europe were appointed in 2006 in one hospital Trust. Since then, many have been appointed around the UK but the range of responsibility and scope of the role is unknown as well as possible geographical variability. AIM: The aim of this paper is to explore the role and scope of paediatric retrieval nurse practitioners in the United Kingdom (UK). METHOD: A two part questionnaire was sent to all RNPs identified by the regional retrieval/transport centres...
July 2016: Nursing in Critical Care
Yashvi H Wimalasena, Alasdair R Corfield, Stephen Hearns
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and factors associated with desaturation related to emergency intubations within an aeromedical retrieval service pertaining to both primary prehospital and secondary interhospital missions. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all rapid sequence intubations (RSI) was performed by the Emergency Medical Retrieval Service over a 4.5-year period (June 2008-November 2012). For each RSI, clinical indication for RSI, age, sex, traumatic or medical diagnosis, team leader specialty, Cormack and Lehane (C-L) grade of laryngoscope view, attempts at intubation, desaturation and hypotension was analysed...
August 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Tai Wai Wong, Ping Fat Lau, Chor Chiu Lau
BACKGROUND: Hiking is a very popular sport in Hong Kong. Serious injuries can sometimes occur in the remote areas not accessible to roads. Aeromedical evacuation service is run by the Government Flying Service (GFS) with emergency physicians and nurses as volunteers in Hong Kong. In this paper we describe the profile and outcome of injured hikers rescued by the GFS. METHODS: In this retrospective review, nature of the complaints, medical team composition, vital signs, clinical assessment and diagnosis on site were collected from the GFS medical record...
2010: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Claire L Barker, Mark Ross
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to describe the remote paediatric aeromedical population of the 'Top End' of the Northern Territory. The secondary objective was to identify children requiring high-dependency care by the transport team. DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Aeromedical service in the remote Northern Territory. PARTICIPANTS: All patients under the age of 16 years transported over a one-year period between February 2012 and February 2013...
February 2014: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Stephen H Thomas, Kathleen M Brown, Zoë J Oliver, Daniel W Spaite, Benjamin J Lawner, Ritu Sahni, Tasmeen S Weik, Yngve Falck-Ytter, Joseph L Wright, Eddy S Lang
BACKGROUND: Decisions about the transportation of trauma patients by helicopter are often not well informed by research assessing the risks, benefits, and costs of such transport. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this evidence-based guideline (EBG) is to recommend a strategy for the selection of prehospital trauma patients who would benefit most from aeromedical transportation. METHODS: A multidisciplinary panel was recruited consisting of experts in trauma, EBG development, and emergency medical services (EMS) outcomes research...
2014: Prehospital Emergency Care
Darshit A Thaker, Richard Monypenny, Ian Olver, Sabe Sabesan
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a cost analysis of a telemedicine model for cancer care (teleoncology) in northern Queensland, Australia, compared with the usual model of care from the perspective of the Townsville and other participating hospital and health services. DESIGN: Retrospective cost-savings analysis; and a one-way sensitivity analysis performed to test the robustness of findings in net savings. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Records of all patients managed by means of teleoncology at the Townsville Cancer Centre (TCC) and its six rural satellite centres in northern Queensland, Australia between 1 March 2007 and 30 November 2011...
September 16, 2013: Medical Journal of Australia
Amy N Apodaca, Jonathan J Morrison, Mary Ann Spott, John J Lira, Jeffery Bailey, Brian J Eastridge, Robert L Mabry
Three Forward Aeromedical Evacuation platforms operate in Southern Afghanistan: UK Medical Emergency Response Team (MERT), US Air Force Expeditionary Rescue Squadron (PEDRO), and US Army Medical Evacuation Squadrons (DUSTOFF), each with a different clinical capability. Recent evidence suggests that retrieval by a platform with a greater clinical capability (MERT) is associated with improved mortality in critical patients when compared with platforms with less clinical capability (PEDRO and DUSTOFF). It is unclear whether this is due to en route resuscitation or the dispatch procedure...
July 2013: Shock
Laura Catriona Robertson, Jayne A C McKinlay, Philip T Munro, Stephen Hearns
INTRODUCTION: Prothrombin complex concentrates (PCCs) are recommended as first-line treatment for acquired or congenital factor II, VII, IX and X deficiencies in situations of major haemorrhage. The Emergency Medical Retrieval Service (EMRS) provides critical care and aeromedical retrieval to patients in remote and rural Scotland. It has an important role in the care of these patients. METHOD: We sought to determine the incidence of haemorrhage requiring PCC administration in our cohort of patients, and to assess compliance with current national guidelines regarding their storage and use...
February 2014: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Stuart Daly, Helen J Milne, Dan P Holmes, Alasdair R Corfield
INTRODUCTION: Emergency electrical intervention for patients in the form of defibrillation, cardioversion and external cardiac pacing can be life saving. Advances in medical technology have enabled electrical intervention to be delivered from small, portable devices. With the rising use of air transport for patients, electrical intervention during aeromedical transfer has an increasing incidence. Our aim was to describe the incidence of electrical intervention in a cohort of critically ill patients undergoing aeromedical transfer and review the risks associated with electrical intervention...
January 2014: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
N McMahon, L A Hogg, A R Corfield, A D Exton
Blood pressure measurement is an essential physiological measurement for all critically ill patients. Previous work has shown that non-invasive blood pressure is not an accurate reflection of invasive blood pressure measurement. In a transport environment, the effects of motion and vibration may make non-invasive blood pressure less accurate. Consecutive critically ill patients transported by a dedicated aeromedical retrieval and critical care transfer service with simultaneous invasive and non-invasive blood pressure measurements were analysed...
December 2012: Anaesthesia
Elizabeth Kyle, Peter Aitken, Mark Elcock, Matthew Barneveld
We examined the utility of telehealth in assisting the decision-making processes of aeromedical coordinators, with particular focus on the timing, destination, mode of transport and escort level. Medical coordinators from the Northern Operations site of the Queensland emergency retrieval service were asked to complete a survey form about the changes that telehealth made to their retrieval decision-making process. Information was collected in six areas: diagnosis, severity, priority, crew, mode of transport and destination...
April 2012: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Bruce R Paix, William M Griggs
Surgical airway access justifiably remains the final option for managing the 'can't intubate can't ventilate' situation, but available techniques are often complicated and might require special equipment. This paper reports on the real world experience of two experienced Australian medical specialists with backgrounds in Anaesthesia and Aeromedical Retrieval who performed 24 surgical airways, mainly under adverse prehospital conditions, over a combined 40 years of practice. All attempts were successful, the majority through a simple open 'scalpel-finger-tube' method, which is described here...
February 2012: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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