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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732431/the-efficacy-of-oral-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-cow-s-milk-allergy
#1
Mohsen Ebrahimi, Mohammad Gharagozlou, Ali Mohebbi, Nasim Hafezi, Gholamreza Azizi, Masoud Movahedi
Cow's milk allergy is the most common type of food allergy that decrease the quality of life of patients and their families. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral immunotherapy in patients with cow's milk allergy. 14 patients above 3 years of age with a history of cow's milk allergy confirmed by positive double blind placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) test, presence of serum IgE against cow's milk and positive SPT (skin prick test) were enrolled in this study. During the immunotherapy all patients received increasing amounts of cow's milk during three phases...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732295/determination-of-54-pesticides-in-waters-of-the-iberian-douro-river-estuary-and-risk-assessment-of-environmentally-relevant-mixtures-using-theoretical-approaches-and-artemia-salina-and-daphnia-magna-bioassays
#2
Catarina Cruzeiro, Sofia Amaral, Eduardo Rocha, Maria João Rocha
As a case study, the estuary of the international Douro River (Iberian Peninsula) was sampled over a year (2010) at six sampling sites to determine the presence of 56 pesticides of different categories (insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides). 96% of measured pesticides were detected in 79% of the quantified samples. Individual average pesticide concentrations ranged from 39 to 1 265ng/L, indicating a ubiquitous presence of the selected compounds; moreover, twelve pesticides were above the 2013/39/EU Directive limits...
July 18, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732056/inferring-microbial-interactions-in-thermophilic-and-mesophilic-anaerobic-digestion-of-hog-waste
#3
Grace Tzun-Wen Shaw, An-Chi Liu, Chieh-Yin Weng, Chu-Yang Chou, Daryi Wang
Anaerobic digestion (AnD) is a microbiological process that converts organic waste materials into biogas. Because of its high methane content, biogas is a combustible energy source and serves as an important environmental technology commonly used in the management of animal waste generated on large animal farms. Much work has been done on hardware design and process engineering for the generation of biogas. However, little is known about the complexity of the microbiology in this process. In particular, how microbes interact in the digester and eventually breakdown and convert organic matter into biogas is still regarded as a "black box...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732040/perceptions-of-arab-men-regarding-female-breast-cancer-screening-examinations-findings-from-a-middle-east-study
#4
Tam Truong Donnelly, Al-Hareth Al-Khater, Salha Bujassoum Al-Bader, Mohamed Ghaith Al-Kuwari, Mariam Ali Abdul Malik, Nabila Al-Meer, Rajvir Singh
OBJECTIVES: In the Middle East, Qatar in particular, the incidence of breast cancer has substantially increased in recent years, and is expected to double by 2030. This diagnosis also occurs at a later stage in the disease. Early detection along with proper treatment reduces radical mastectomy and mortality rates, yet only one-third of Arab women in Qatar participate in breast cancer screening (BCS) activities of any sort. Many women in the conservative Qatari society rely on male family members for support and protection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731873/health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adult-men-with-severe-hemophilia
#5
Mohammad Faranoush, Ehsan Shahverdi, Raheb Qorbani, Mostafa Moghaddam
: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessment should be part of the regular clinical assessment of persons with hemophilia. This study assessed quality of life of severe hemophilia patients (Type A) in Tehran comprehensive hemophilia care center. This cross-sectional study was done in 2016 and 84 men aged over 20 years with severe hemophilia (Type A) were assessed. All patients have been treated over 10 years at the comprehensive hemophilia care center, Iran. The HRQOL assessment includes the A36 Hemophilia-QOL questionnaire, sociodemographical and clinical characteristics...
July 20, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731605/optimising-the-effectiveness-of-diabetes-education-in-an-east-asian-population
#6
T S T Choi, K Z Walker, C B Lombard, C Palermo
AIM: To explore the collective patterns of learning behaviours and preferences of Chinese people during diabetes education. The study was carried out across three countries and aimed to identify strategies that could be used to tailor diabetes education to Chinese people. METHODS: A case study approach was undertaken in three countries (Australia, China and Singapore) using participant observations and qualitative interviews. Purposive sampling was used to select field sites before a snowball technique was employed to identify relevant interviewees...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731432/multivariate-approach-for-alzheimer-s-disease-detection-using-stationary-wavelet-entropy-and-predator-prey-particle-swarm-optimization
#7
Yudong Zhang, Shuihua Wang, Yuxiu Sui, Ming Yang, Bin Liu, Hong Cheng, Junding Sun, Wenjuan Jia, Preetha Phillips, Juan Manuel Gorriz
BACKGROUND: The number of patients with Alzheimer's disease is increasing rapidly every year. Scholars often use computer vision and machine learning methods to develop an automatic diagnosis system. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we developed a novel machine learning system that can make diagnoses automatically from brain magnetic resonance images. METHODS: First, the brain imaging was processed, including skull stripping and spatial normalization...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731373/efficacy-of-1-metformin-gel-in-moderate-and-severe-chronic-periodontitis-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
A R Pradeep, Kaushik Patnaik, Kanika Nagpal, Shruti Karvekar, C N Guruprasad, K M Kumaraswamy
BACKGROUND: To investigate efficacy of MF 1 % gel as, as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in treatment of moderate and severe chronic periodontitis subjects. METHODS: Seventy subjects were categorized into two treatment groups: SRP plus 1% MF and SRP plus placebo. Clinical parameters were recorded at baseline, 3, 6 and 9 months; they included plaque index (PI), modified sulcus bleeding index (mSBI), pocket depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730986/long-term-use-of-left-ventricular-assist-devices-a-report-on-clinical-outcomes
#9
Sneha Raju, Jane MacIver, Farid Foroutan, Carolina Alba, Filio Billia, Vivek Rao
BACKGROUND: The literature examining clinical outcomes and readmissions during extended (> 1 yr) left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support is scarce, particularly in the era of continuous-flow LVADs. METHODS: We completed a retrospective cohort study on consecutive LVAD patients from June 2006 to March 2015, focusing on those who received more than 1 year of total LVAD support time. Demographic characteristics, clinical outcomes and readmissions were analyzed using standard statistical methods...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730920/validity-of-a-device-designed-to-measure-braking-power-in-bicycle-disc-brakes
#10
Matthew C Miller, Philip W Fink, Paul William Macdermid, Blake G Perry, Stephen R Stannard
Real-world cycling performance depends not only on exercise capacities, but also on efficiently traversing the bicycle through the terrain. The aim of this study was to determine if it was possible to quantify the braking done by a cyclist in the field. One cyclist performed 408 braking trials (348 on a flat road; 60 on a flat dirt path) over 5 days on a bicycle fitted with brake torque and angular velocity sensors to measure brake power. Based on Newtonian physics, the sum of brake work, aerodynamic drag and rolling resistance was compared with the change in kinetic energy in each braking event...
July 21, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730887/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-pneumonia-associated-with-thin-liquid-vs-thickened-liquid-intake-in-patients-who-aspirate
#11
Asako Kaneoka, Jessica M Pisegna, Hiroki Saito, Melody Lo, Katey Felling, Nobuhiko Haga, Michael P LaValley, Susan E Langmore
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether drinking thin liquids with safety strategies increases the risk for pneumonia as compared with thickened liquids in patients who have demonstrated aspiration of thin liquids. DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases, one clinical register, and three conference archives were searched. No language or publication date restrictions were imposed. Reference lists were scanned and authors and experts in the field were contacted. REVIEW METHODS: A blind review was performed by two reviewers for published or unpublished randomized controlled trials and prospective non-randomized trials comparing the incidence of pneumonia with intake of thin liquids plus safety strategies vs...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730812/potential-scanning-localized-plasmon-sensing-with-single-and-coupled-gold-nanorods
#12
Tokuhisa Kawawaki, Heyou Zhang, Hiroyasu Nishi, Paul Mulvaney, Tetsu Tatsuma
Single plasmonic nanoparticles can potentially serve as optical sensors for detecting local refractive index changes. However, simultaneous monitoring of the scattering spectra from multiple nanoparticles is not practical. Here we perform potential-scanning localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) sensing. Gold nanorods are immobilized on an ITO electrode. Instead of collecting the full spectrum, as is done in conventional LSPR sensing, the electrode potential is scanned while the rod spectra are monitored at a single wavelength...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730755/the-unusual-role-of-the-aromatic-solvent-in-single-site-al-i-chemistry-insights-from-theory
#13
Shailja Jain, Kumar Vanka
The single site activation of strong σ bonds (such as that of H-H, P-H and N-H) remains a significant challenge in main group chemistry, with only a few cases reported to date. In this regard, recent exciting experiments done with Al(I) complexes hold significance, because they, too, have been seen to activate a variety of strong σ bonds. Such chemistry is generally seen to occur in aromatic solvents. The current computational studies with density functional theory (DFT) reveal the interesting reason for this: it is seen that an explicit aromatic solvent molecule acts as a catalyst by converting the Al(I) complex to Al(III) during the process...
July 21, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730576/effects-of-boron-supplementation-on-expression-of-hsp70-in-the-spleen-of-african-ostrich
#14
Khaliq Haseeb, Jing Wang, Ke Xiao, Ke-Li Yang, Peng-Peng Sun, Xing-Tong Wu, You Luo, Hui Song, Hua-Zhen Liu, Ju-Ming Zhong, Ke-Mei Peng
Increased synthesis of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) occurs in prokaryotes and eukaryotes in response to physiological, environmental, and chemical exposures, thus allowing the cell survival from fatal conditions. Hsp70 cytoprotective properties may be clarified by its anti-apoptotic function. Boron has been reported to play an essential role in various organ developments and metabolisms. However, it is not known if boron is also able to modulate the Hsp70. In the present study, the actions of boron on ostrich spleen and expression level of Hsp70 were investigated...
July 20, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730418/total-and-free-cortisol-levels-during-1-%C3%AE-g-25-%C3%AE-g-and-250-%C3%AE-g-cosyntropin-stimulation-tests-compared-to-insulin-tolerance-test-results-of-a-randomized-prospective-pilot-study
#15
Seenia Peechakara, James Bena, Nigel J Clarke, Michael J McPhaul, Richard E Reitz, Robert J Weil, Pablo Recinos, Laurence Kennedy, Amir H Hamrahian
PURPOSE: The appropriate cosyntropin dose during cosyntropin stimulation tests remains uncertain. We conducted a prospective, randomized pilot study to compare 1 μg IV low dose cosyntropin test, 25 μg IM medium dose cosyntropin test, and 250 μg IM standard dose cosyntropin test to evaluate secondary adrenal insufficiency. Insulin tolerance test was used as the gold standard. METHOD: The study included patients with hypothalamic/pituitary disease (n  = 10) with at least one pituitary axis deficiency other than ACTH deficiency and controls (n  = 12)...
July 20, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730396/prevention-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-swedish-school-children-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-study
#16
Johan Ahlen, Timo Hursti, Lindsey Tanner, Zelal Tokay, Ata Ghaderi
Our study aimed at evaluating FRIENDS for Life, an intervention to prevent anxiety and depression in Swedish school children. A total of 695 children between the ages of 8 and 11 were recruited from 17 schools in Stockholm, Sweden, and cluster-randomized to either the intervention or control group. Teachers in the intervention group received a full day of training and administered FRIENDS for Life in their classrooms. We assessed the children's anxiety and depressive symptoms, general mental health, and academic performance at pre- and post-intervention as well as at the 12-month follow-up...
July 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730339/breast-cancer-neoplastic-seeding-in-the-setting-of-image-guided-needle-biopsies-of-the-breast
#17
REVIEW
Lumarie Santiago, Beatriz E Adrada, Monica L Huang, Wei Wei, Rosalind P Candelaria
PURPOSE: To identify clinicopathologic, technical, and imaging features associated with neoplastic seeding (NS) following image-guided needle breast biopsy. METHODS: We performed an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of patients presenting with a new diagnosis of breast cancer or suspicious breast findings requiring biopsy with subsequent diagnosis of NS. The time from biopsy to NS diagnosis was calculated. Histology, grade, estrogen receptor (ER) status, progesterone receptor (PR) status, HER2 status, T category, and N category were recorded...
July 20, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730252/morphological-imaging-and-surgical-aspects-in-a-complex-case-of-uterine-leiomyosarcoma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Aida TincuŢa Petca, Simona Vlădăreanu, Dan Cristian Radu, Mihaela BoŢ, Costin Berceanu, Bogdan Stelian Mastalier Manolescu, Cosmin Medar, Răzvan Cosmin Petca
Leiomyosarcoma is a rare condition so there are relatively few and small case series and no prospective studies to provide clear guidelines regarding management. We report on a case that presents some particularities that further underline diagnostic and treatment difficulties posed by the affliction of such a rare tumor. This is the case of a 43-year-old woman who had a large tumor arising from the uterus, with a spectacular growth rate over a short period. The patient, with congenital spastic tetraparesis and hydrocephalus, came for belly enlargement with rapid increase in size over the previous two months...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730116/factors-affecting-residual-exotropia-after-two-muscle-surgery-for-intermittent-exotropia
#19
Shailja Tibrewal, Nishtha Singh, Marazul Islam Bhuiyan, Suma Ganesh
AIM: To study the factors affecting residual exotropia (>10 PD) at 4-6wk postoperative visit following two rectus muscle surgery for intermittent exotropia [bilateral lateral rectus (LR) recession or unilateral recess resect procedure]. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients with intermittent exotropia ≤50 PD who underwent two rectus muscle surgery in between Jan. 2011 to Dec. 2013 was performed. Possible factors were compared between patients with residual exotropia (>10 PD) and successful outcome (within 10 PD of orthotropia) at the 4-6wk postoperative visit...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729888/social-brain-circuitry-and-social-cognition-in-infants-born-preterm
#20
REVIEW
Angela Fenoglio, Michael K Georgieff, Jed T Elison
Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk of adverse neurologic, psychiatric, and cognitive outcomes. The brain circuits involved in processing social information are critical to all of these domains, but little work has been done to examine whether and how these circuits may be especially sensitive to prematurity. This paper contains a brief summary of some of the cognitive, psychiatric, and social outcomes associated with prematurity, followed by a description of findings from the modest body of research into social-cognitive development in infants and children born preterm...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
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