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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076010/foreign-bodies-on-lateral-neck-radiographs-in-adults-imaging-findings-and-common-pitfalls
#1
Alba Castán Senar, Laura E Dinu, José M Artigas, Raquel Larrosa, Ylenia Navarro, Elena Angulo
Foreign-body (FB) ingestion is less common in adults than in children, but still occurs. Diagnostic management of patients with suspected FB ingestion in emergency departments depends on FB type and location, both of which are related to the patient profile. In adults, fish and chicken bones are the most common FB types, and the oropharynx and cricopharyngeal muscle are the most common locations. Once accidentally swallowed, an FB may become lodged in the oropharynx, and in such cases indirect or fiberoptic laryngoscopy is the first clinical management option...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073284/posterior-glottic-insufficiency-in-children
#2
Reema Padia, Marshall E Smith
BACKGROUND: Dysphonia secondary to posterior glottic insufficiency (PGI) can be difficult to identify and correct. Inadequate arytenoid approximation from medial arytenoid erosion results in a breathy, soft voice. The anatomical location of the gap is difficult to correct by vocal fold injection laryngoplasty. This study reviews the presentation, evaluation, and treatment for pediatric patients who were identified with PGI. METHODS: An Institutional Review Board-approved chart review was performed on all patients who were diagnosed with PGI at our institution from 2013 to 2015...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069269/clinical-considerations-for-blunt-laryngotracheal-trauma-in-children
#3
REVIEW
Jeffrey Cheng, Matthew Cooper, Elisabeth Tracy
OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of blunt pediatric laryngeal and tracheal trauma and development of proposed evaluation and management strategy. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and proposed clinical consideration algorithm. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. REVIEW METHODS: A medical librarian was utilized. RESULTS: 329 titles and abstracts were identified, and 50 reports were included...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059945/airway-management-with-a-stereotactic-headframe-in-situ-a-mannequin-study
#4
Melissa Brockerville, Zoe Unger, Nathan C Rowland, Francesco Sammartino, Pirjo H Manninen, Lashmi Venkatraghavan
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic headframe-based imaging is often needed for target localization during surgery for insertion of deep brain stimulators. A major concern during this surgery is the need for emergency airway management while an awake or sedated patient is in the stereotactic headframe. The aim of our study was to determine the ease of emergency airway management with a stereotactic headframe in situ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational study using a mannequin...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050479/dexmedetomidine-in-attenuation-of-haemodynamic-response-and-dose-sparing-effect-on-opioid-and-anaesthetic-agents-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-study
#5
Nandlal Bhagat, Md Yunus, Habib Md Reazaul Karim, Ranendra Hajong, Prithwis Bhattacharyya, Manorama Singh
INTRODUCTION: Perioperative procedures are stressful and lead to haemodynamic instability with potentially devastating consequences. Dexmedetomidine is found to have many of the desired characteristics that are required in perioperative period. AIM: To evaluate the ability of pre and intraoperative dexmedetomidine to attenuate stress induced haemodynamic responses, quantifying the anaesthetic agents sparing as well as its cost-effectiveness in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040237/-comparison-of-effectiveness-of-intubation-by-way-of-gum-elastic-bougie-and-intubating-laryngeal-mask-airway-in-endotracheal-intubation-of-patients-with-simulated-cervical-trauma
#6
Esra Yildiz Sut, Solmaz Gunal, Mehmet Akif Yazar, Bayazit Dikmen
PURPOSE: In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of intubations by way of Gum Elastic Bougie and Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway in endotracheal intubation of patients with simulated cervical trauma. METHOD: One hundred and thirty four patients were included in the study. All patients were placed cervical collar for a simulated cervical trauma. Patients were allocated randomly into three groups: Group NI (n=45) intubation with Macintosh laryngoscopy, Group GEB (n=45) intubation with Gum Elastic Bougie, and Group ILMA (n=44) intubation with Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway...
December 28, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035669/a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-transnasal-humidified-rapid-insufflation-ventilatory-exchange-thrive-pre-oxygenation-with-facemask-pre-oxygenation-in-patients-undergoing-rapid-sequence-induction-of-anaesthesia
#7
F Mir, A Patel, R Iqbal, M Cecconi, S A R Nouraei
Pre-oxygenation is an essential part of rapid sequence induction of general anaesthesia for emergency surgery, in order to increase the oxygen reservoir in the lungs. We performed a randomised controlled trial of transnasal humidified rapid insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) pre-oxygenation or facemask pre-oxygenation in patients undergoing emergency surgery. Twenty patients were allocated to each group. No patient developed arterial oxygen saturation < 90% during attempted tracheal intubation. Arterial blood gases were sampled from an arterial catheter immediately after intubation...
December 30, 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029805/therapeutic-laryngoscopy-during-exercise-for-treatment-of-refractory-exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction-a-personal-experience
#8
Alice E Hargrove, M Blake Hargrove, J Tod Olin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028674/the-effect-of-verbal-and-video-feedback-on-learning-direct-laryngoscopy-among-novice-laryngoscopists-a-randomized-pilot-study
#9
Jennifer E Sainsbury, Branislav Telgarsky, Matteo Parotto, Ahtsham Niazi, David T Wong, Richard M Cooper
PURPOSE: Skill acquisition in direct laryngoscopy (DL) and tracheal intubation is complex. This pilot study aims to assess feasibility and determine sample size for a subsequent trial comparing DL instruction using a Macintosh-style video laryngoscope (MacVL), with and without video recordings, with conventional DL instruction. METHODS: Medical students with no prior laryngoscopy experience were recruited during their two-week anesthesia rotation. During the first (TRAINING) week, students were randomized into three groups: Control (Macintosh direct laryngoscope), VL-1 (MacVL with real-time feedback), and VL-2 (MacVL with real-time feedback plus video recordings of laryngoscopies)...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025932/thyroid-surgery-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#10
Aria Jafari, David Campbell, Bruce H Campbell, Henry Nono Ngoitsi, Titus M Sisenda, Makaya Denge, Benjamin C James, Susan R Cordes
Objective The present study reviews a series of patients who underwent thyroid surgery in Eldoret, Kenya, to demonstrate the feasibility of conducting long-term (>1 year) outcomes research in a resource-limited setting, impact on the quality of life of the recipient population, and inform future humanitarian collaborations. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary public referral hospital in Eldoret, Kenya. Subjects and Methods Twenty-one patients were enrolled during the study period...
December 1, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017170/effects-of-lidocaine-and-magnesium-sulfate-in-attenuating-hemodynamic-response-to-tracheal-intubation-single-center-prospective-double-blind-randomized-study
#11
Fabricio Tavares Mendonça, Lucas Macedo da Graça Medeiros de Queiroz, Cristina Carvalho Rolim Guimarães, Alexandre Cordeiro Duarte Xavier
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hemodynamic response to airway stimuli is a common phenomenon and its management is important to reduce the systemic repercussions. The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of intravenous magnesium sulfate versus lidocaine on this reflex hemodynamics after laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. METHODS: This single-center, prospective, double-blind, randomized study evaluated 56 patients ASA 1 or 2, aged 18-65 years, scheduled for elective surgeries under general anesthesia with intubation...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011184/the-role-of-flexible-fiberoptic-laryngoscopy-in-robin-sequence-a-systematic-review
#12
Denise Manica, Cláudia Schweiger, Leo Sekine, Simone Chaves Fagondes, Gabriel Kuhl, Marcus Vinicius Martins Collares, Paulo José Cauduro Marostica
OBJECTIVE: Systematically search literature for flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy (FFL) use in Robin Sequence (RS) patients, in diverse clinical scenarios. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed, LILACS and SCIELO. REVIEW METHODS: Systematic review using a sensitive search strategy focused on RS patients and FFL. RESULTS: There were 48 full text articles included in this systematic review. No summary meta-analytic measurement could be calculated due to heterogeneity of interventions and outcomes...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007521/children-with-challenging-airways-what-about-glidescope-%C3%A2-video-laryngoscopy
#13
Chrystelle Sola, Anne-Charlotte Saour, Christine Macq, Sophie Bringuier, Olivier Raux, Christophe Dadure
BACKGROUND: GlideScope® video-laryngoscopy is becoming increasingly used, including in paediatrics. However, to date, very few data are available on efficiency during situations involving difficult intubation. Our objective was to describe the usefulness of the GlideScope® in children with presumed challenging airway criteria. METHODS: In this observational study, all children with predicted criteria of potential difficult intubation and requiring general anaesthesia with tracheal intubation were prospectively enrolled over a 12-month period...
December 19, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983871/difficult-airway-characteristics-associated-with-first-attempt-failure-at-intubation-using-video-laryngoscopy-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#14
Raj Joshi, Cameron D Hypes, Jeremy Greenberg, Linda Snyder, Josh Malo, John W Bloom, Harsharon Chopra, John C Sakles, Jarrod M Mosier
RATIONALE: Video laryngoscopy has overcome the need to align the anatomic axes to obtain a view of the glottic opening in order to place a tracheal tube. However, despite this advantage, a large number of attempts are unsuccessful. There are no existing data on anatomic characteristics in critically ill patients associated with a failed first attempt at laryngoscopy when using video laryngoscopy. OBJECTIVES: To identify characteristics associated with first attempt failure at intubation when using video laryngoscopy in the intensive care unit...
December 16, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979641/awake-laryngoscopy-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Joseph E Tonna, Peter M C DeBlieux
BACKGROUND: Many emergency physicians gain familiarity with the laryngeal anatomy only during the brief view achieved during rapid sequence induction and intubation. Awake laryngoscopy in the emergency department (ED) is an important and clinically underutilized procedure. DISCUSSION: Providing benefit to the emergency physician through a slow, controlled, and deliberate examination of the airway, awake laryngoscopy facilitates confidence in the high-risk airway and eases the evolution to intubation, should it be required...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979581/the-edematous-and-erythematous-airway-does-not-denote-pathologic-gastroesophageal-reflux
#16
Rachel Rosen, Paul D Mitchell, Janine Amirault, Manali Amin, Karen Watters, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the reflux finding score (RFS), a validated score for airway inflammation, correlates with gastroesophageal reflux measured by multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) testing, endoscopy, and quality of life scores. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective, cross-sectional cohort study of 77 children with chronic cough undergoing direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, and MII testing with pH (pH-MII) between 2006 and 2011...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976450/studying-the-safety-and-performance-of-rapid-sequence-intubation-data-collection-method-matters
#17
Andrea S Rinderknecht, Jenna R Dyas, Benjamin T Kerrey, Gary L Geis, Mona H Ho, Matthew R Mittiga
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe and compare chart and video review as data collection sources for the study of Emergency Department (ED) Rapid Sequence Intubation (RSI). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compares the availability and content of key RSI outcome and process data from two sources: chart and video data from 12 months of pediatric ED RSI. Key outcomes included adverse effects (oxyhemoglobin desaturation, physiologic changes, inadequate paralysis, vomiting), process components (number of laryngoscopy attempts, end-tidal CO2 detection), and timing data (duration of pre-oxygenation and laryngoscopy attempts)...
December 15, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974936/vallecular-cysts-in-clinical-practice-report-of-two-cases
#18
Zamfir-Chiru-Anton A, Gheorghe Dc
The objective of the two case reports was to discuss the pathogenesis, origin, and therapeutic options for vallecular cysts. Method of Study. 2 children diagnosed in our department were treated by transoral endoscopic surgery, using cold instruments, suspension laryngoscopy and the operating microscope. Results. Both cases presented breathing and deglutition problems at diagnosis. The surgery aimed the complete excision, with cold instruments, via transoral access. No complications occurred and the postoperative healing was uneventful...
July 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973939/asystole-from-direct-laryngoscopy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Andrew J Redmann, Gregory D White, Benu Makkad, Rebecca Howell
The rare and potentially fatal complication of asystole during direct laryngoscopy is linked to direct vagal stimulation. This case describes asystole in an 85-year-old female who underwent suspension microlaryngoscopy with tracheal dilation for subglottic stenosis. Quick recognition of this rare event with immediate cessation of laryngoscopy resulted in the return of normal sinus rhythm. This incident emphasizes the implications of continued vigilance during laryngoscopy and the importance of communication between the anesthesia and surgical staff to identify and treat this rare complication...
2016: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939121/the-anastomoses-of-the-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-in-the-larynx-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Brandon Michael Henry, Przemysław A Pękala, Beatrice Sanna, Jens Vikse, Silvia Sanna, Karolina Saganiak, Iwona M Tomaszewska, R Shane Tubbs, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
OBJECTIVES: The recurrent laryngeal nerve and its branches form a great variety of anastomoses. These nerve communications can alter the innervation patterns of the laryngeal muscles and can affect both the diagnosis and treatment of paralyzed vocal cords. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and anatomical characteristics of the laryngeal nerve connections, and to review their function and clinical significance. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis and systematic review...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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