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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780074/communication-site-ligation-and-polyglycolic-acid-sheet-use-for-the-treatment-of-hydrothorax-in-patients-undergoing-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#1
Hirotoshi Kubokura, Junichi Okamoto, Jitsuo Usuda
INTRODUCTION: Hydrothorax due to pleuroperitoneal communication (PPC) can occur in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). We report our experiences of the safety and efficacy of the treatment of four patients with a novel video-assisted thoracoscopy method. METHODS: Single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) was performed with a mini-thoracotomy of 5 cm in length. The PPC site was identified on the diaphragm and ligated using an endoscopic loop...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779821/clinical-efficacy-and-feasibility-of-whey-protein-isolates-supplementation-in-malnourished-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-multicenter-parallel-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Sharmela Sahathevan, Chee-Hee Se, SeeHoe Ng, Ban-Hock Khor, Karuthan Chinna, Bak Leong Goh, Halim A Gafor, Sunita Bavanandan, Ghazali Ahmad, Tilakavati Karupaiah
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Poor dietary intake is commonly associated with malnutrition in the dialysis population and oral nutritional supplementation is strategized to redress dietary inadequacy. Knowledge on clinical efficacy of whey protein supplementation (WPS) as an option to treat malnutrition in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients is limited. METHODS: This multicenter, parallel, open-label, randomized controlled trial investigated the clinical efficacy of WPS in 126 malnourished CAPD patients with serum albumin <40 g/L and body mass index (BMI) <24 kg/m2 ...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779030/high-intraperitoneal-interleukin-6-levels-predict-peritonitis-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Xiaoxiao Yang, Yijing Tong, Hao Yan, Zhaohui Ni, Jiaoqi Qian, Wei Fang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the predictive value of dialysate interleukin-6 (IL-6) representing local subclinical intraperitoneal inflammation for the development of peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. METHODS: Stable prevalent CAPD patients were enrolled in this prospective study. IL-6 concentration in the overnight effluent was determined and expressed as the IL-6 appearance rate (IL-6AR). Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the median of IL-6AR and prospectively followed up until the first episode of peritonitis, cessation of PD, or the end of the study (December 30, 2017)...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735820/-fusarium-the-versatile-pathogen
#4
REVIEW
Ananya Tupaki-Sreepurna, Anupma Jyoti Kindo
Fusarium is an emerging human opportunistic pathogen of growing importance, especially among immunosuppressed haematology patients due to an increased incidence of disseminated infections over the past two decades. This trend is expected only to continue due to the advances in medical and surgical technologies that will prolong the lives of the severely ill, making these patients susceptible to rare opportunistic infections. Production of mycotoxins, enzymes such as proteases, angio-invasive property and an intrinsically resistant nature, makes this genus very difficult to treat...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714440/the-impact-of-visit-to-visit-systolic-blood-pressure-variability-on-residual-renal-function-and-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#5
Jun-Ping Tian, Hong Wang, Xin-Kui Tian, Feng-He Du, Tao Wang
Background/aim: Blood pressure (BP) variability is more closely associated with adverse outcomes than ‘usual’ BP in the general population. Residual renal function (RRF) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are thought to be predictors of poor outcome in dialysis patients. However, only a few studies have focused on BP variation and its link to RRF, LVH, and outcome in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Therefore, we aimed to explore the effect of visit-to-visit BP variability on RRF and LVH in continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) patients...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685354/evidences-on-the-role-of-the-lid-loop-of-%C3%AE-glutamyltransferases-ggt-in-substrate-selection
#6
Cinzia Calvio, Fabio Romagnuolo, Francesca Vulcano, Giovanna Speranza, Carlo F Morelli
γ-Glutamyltransferase (GGT) catalyzes the transfer of the γ-glutamyl moiety from a donor substrate such as glutathione to water (hydrolysis) or to an acceptor amino acid (transpeptidation) through the formation of a γ-glutamyl enzyme intermediate. The vast majority of the known GGTs has a short sequence covering the glutamate binding site, called lid-loop. Although being conserved enzymes, both B. subtilis GGT and the related enzyme CapD from B. anthracis lack the lid loop and, differently from other GGTs, both accept poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) as a substrate...
July 2018: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625726/multiple-sclerosis-left-advantage-for-auditory-laterality-in-dichotic-tests-of-central-auditory-processing-and-relationship-of-psychoacoustic-tests-with-the-multiple-sclerosis-disability-scale-edss
#7
Yolanda Rebeca Peñaloza López, Xóchitl Daisy Orozco Peña, Santiago Jesús Pérez Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the central auditory processing disorders in patients with multiple sclerosis, emphasizing auditory laterality by applying psychoacoustic tests and to identify their relationship with the Multiple Sclerosis Disability Scale (EDSS) functions. METHOD: Depression scales (HADS), EDSS, and 9 psychoacoustic tests to study CAPD were applied to 26 individuals with multiple sclerosis and 26 controls. Correlation tests were performed between the EDSS and psychoacoustic tests...
April 3, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623617/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-treated-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-and-automated-peritoneal-dialysis-in-singapore
#8
F Yang, N Luo, T Lau, Z L Yu, M W Y Foo, K Griva
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) in Singapore. METHODS: The data used in this study were from two cross-sectional surveys of ESRD patients. HRQOL was assessed using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life (KDQOL) instrument. Socio-demographic characteristics and clinical data were collected...
July 14, 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582958/-ckd-mbd-in-peritoneal-dialysis
#9
Anna Rachele Rocca, Tania Gnerre Musto, Sandro Mazzaferro
CKD-MBD is a systemic disorder of the mineral and bone metabolism as a result of CKD. The clinical relevance of this syndrome has led to the identification of the biochemical targets to be achieved in order to improve the outcome of the patient. However, in hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (DP) patients, these targets are not reached. Hyperphosphatemia is a predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. In DP the removal of phosphorus (P) occurs by diffusion and convection, with a contribution of ultrafiltration of about 11%...
March 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488877/response-to-the-letter-from-dr-vermiglio-regarding-iliadou-and-eleftheriadis-2017-capd-is-classified-in-icd-10-as-h93-25
#10
Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Nikos Eleftheriadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483375/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-salvage-of-malfunctioning-peritoneal-dialysis-catheters
#11
Hrishikesh P Salgaonkar, Ramya Ranjan Behera, Pradeep Chandra Sharma, Avinash Katara, Deepraj S Bhandarkar
Background: Malfunction of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) catheters is a frequent complication and has traditionally been treated with a laparotomy. We present our experience with minimally invasive surgical (laparoscopic and thoracoscopic) salvage of CAPD catheters. Materials and Methods: Between October 2003 and June 2013, 19 patients (13 males and 6 females with a mean age of 37 years [range 28-64]) underwent minimally invasive laparoscopic salvage of malfunctioning CAPD catheters...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456216/the-cardiovascular-risk-factor-profiles-among-end-stage-renal-failure-patients-treated-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-and-intermittent-hemodialysis
#12
S A K Sharifah Zamiah, Che Rosle Draman, Mohd Ramli Seman, A Fariz Safhan, R Rozalina, N I Nik Ruzni
Cardiovascular (CV) event is the most common cause of death in dialysis patients. Both traditional and nontraditional CV risk factors related to malnutrition, inflammation, and anemia are commonly found in this population. This study was conducted to evaluate the burden factors of CV risk factors and its management in our regularly dialyzed patients. It was a single-center, cross-sectional analysis of prevalent intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients followed up in our hospital...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445507/development-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-cornell-assessment-of-pediatric-delirium
#13
Haruhiko Hoshino, Yujiro Matsuishi, Nobutake Shimojo, Yuki Enomoto, Takahiro Kido, Yoshiaki Inoue
Aim: Delirium is a form of acute cerebral dysfunction and is associated with increased length of hospital stay, mortality, and health-care costs for adult patients in intensive care. However, in Japan, there are currently no reliable criteria or tools for diagnosing delirium in critically ill pediatric patients. The purpose of this study was to translate the Cornell Assessment of Pediatric Delirium (CAPD)-a screening tool for pediatric delirium-from English to Japanese for use in the diagnosis of delirium for pediatric patients in pediatric intensive care units...
January 2018: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407302/encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-after-kidney-transplantation
#14
Y Ayar, A Ersoy, G Ocakoglu, E Gullulu, H Kagızmanlı, A Yıldız, A Oruc, M Yavuz, M Gullulu, K Dilek
OBJECTIVE: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a serious complication for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who were treated with long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD). The risk of EPS was increased after kidney transplantation. In our study we evaluated risk factors for EPS patients after kidney transplantation who were treated before with PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, between January 2008 and August 2015, 47 PD patients (12 had EPS) who underwent kidney transplantation were analyzed...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405139/microbiology-clinical-spectrum-and-outcome-of-peritonitis-in-patients-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-in-india-results-from-a-multicentric-observational-study
#15
Georgi Abraham, Amit Gupta, Kashi Nath Prasad, Anusha Rohit, Anil Kumar Bhalla, Vishwanath Billa, Rajasekhar Chakravati, Tonmoy Das, Thadakanathan Dhinakaran, Arup Ratan Dutta, Padmanabhan Giri, Tarun Jeloka, Sampath Kumar, Ajay Marwaha, Radha Vijay Raghavan, Rajan Ravichandran, Roshan Rohit, Chandra Nath Sarkar, Naorem Sharat Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis is a major risk factor for drop out of patients on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) and automated PD (APD). Factors affecting PD-related peritonitis and centre-specific microbiological data are lacking in India. A multicentric prospective observational study was designed to overcome the gaps in the existing data regarding causative organism and outcome. METHODOLOGY: The present study was a prospective, uncontrolled, open-label; observational study conducted in 21 centres representing all the four geographical regions (North, South, East and West) of India between April 2010 and December 2011...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402860/effect-of-sedative-hypnotic-medicines-on-mortality-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-with-sleep-disorders-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Ying Zhou, Peiran Yin, Bin Li, Jianying Li, Naya Huang, Haishan Wu, Habib Ullah, Xiao Yang, Xueqing Yu
BACKGROUND: Sedative-hypnotic medication is widely used among continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients with sleep disorders; however, its effect on mortality has rarely been investigated. METHODS: Logistic regression was employed to identify factors associated with sedative-hypnotic medication, whose effect on mortality was evaluated by Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: A total of 146 CAPD patients with sleep disorders were recruited, of which 46 patients (31...
2018: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394582/-a-case-report-of-maintaining-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-after-total-gastrectomy-for-perforated-gastric-cancer-with-esd
#17
Masanori Yamada, Koji Nakai, Takeshi Hijikawa, Taisaku Hachimine, Hiroya Masaki, Kazuhiko Yoshioka, Kentaro Inoue
A 73-year-old man, receiving maintenance continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis(CAPD)was admitted to our hospital for chief complaining of heartburn. Gastrointestinal endoscopy disclosed 0- II a on the greater curvature of the upper gastric body. On further examination, the clinical diagnosis was defined as gastric cancer and c-stage I A(cT1aN0M0). The patient was recovered with conservative treatment from the perforated peritonitis after undergoing endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD). Pathology revealed pT1b, INF b, UL(-), ly2, v0, pHM0, pVM0, for which he underwent total gastrectomy after changed to temporary hemodialysis(HD)...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386308/effects-of-oral-paricalcitol-and-calcitriol-treatment-on-peritoneal-membrane-characteristics-of-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#18
Karima Farhat, Andrea W Stavenuiter, Marc Vervloet, Pieter M Ter Wee, Robert H Beelen, Frans J van Ittersum
BACKGROUND: Long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) is frequently complicated by technique failure preceded by peritoneal remodeling. Vitamin D has potent immunomodulatory characteristics: anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, anti-fibrotic properties, and influences on the macrophage phenotype. Little is known about the relation between pleiotropic effects attributed to vitamin D3 and the peritoneal membrane and what is the most appropriate vitamin D sterol in prevention of peritoneal remodeling in PD patients...
January 31, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386307/a-retrospective-analysis-of-etiology-and-outcomes-of-refractory-capd-peritonitis-in-a-tertiary-care-center-from-north-india
#19
Venkatesh Thammishetti, Anupama Kaul, Dharmendra S Bhadauria, Karthikeyan Balasubramanian, Narayan Prasad, Amit Gupta, Raj K Sharma
BACKGROUND: Refractory peritonitis is defined as failure of clearance of peritoneal fluid despite 5 days of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Catheter removal decreases morbidity and mortality. Data on the outcomes of refractory peritonitis and of reinitiation of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in this group of patients are sparse. The present study analyzed etiology, outcomes, and prognostic factors of refractory peritonitis as well as survival of the reinitiation of the technique. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective study that included 90 patients of refractory continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) peritonitis at a tertiary care center in North India...
January 31, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386303/randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-open-versus-laparoscopic-placement-of-a-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-and-outcomes-the-capd-i-trial
#20
Jorinde H H van Laanen, Tom Cornelis, Barend M Mees, Elisabeth J Litjens, Magda M van Loon, Jan H M Tordoir, Arnoud G Peppelenbosch
OBJECTIVE: To determine the best operation technique, open versus laparoscopic, for insertion of a peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter with regard to clinical success. Clinical success was defined as an adequate function of the catheter 2 - 4 weeks after insertion. METHODS: All patients with end-stage renal disease who were suitable for PD and gave informed consent were randomized for either open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. A previous laparotomy was not considered an exclusion criterion...
March 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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