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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161705/maintained-folic-acid-supplementation-reduces-the-risk-of-mortality-in-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#1
Rong Rong, Qian Zhou, Jianxiong Lin, Naya Huang, Wei Li, Yagui Qiu, Xueqing Yu, Haiping Mao
BACKGROUND: The association between folic acid (FA) supplementation and mortality in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients is unclear. METHODS: FA exposure was calculated as a percentage of cumulative duration of drug usage to total follow-up duration (FA%). A total of 1,358 patients were classified by a cutoff value of FA%. The association of FA with mortality was evaluated using Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: The cutoff value of FA% for predicting mortality was <34% at a median follow-up of 40...
November 22, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097487/long-term-protective-effect-of-n-acetylcysteine-against-amikacin-induced-ototoxicity-in-end-stage-renal-disease-a-randomized-trial
#2
Alperen Vural, Ismail Kocyigit, Furkan Şan, Eray Eroglu, İbrahim Ketenci, Aydin Unal, Bulent Tokgoz, Yaşar Ünlü
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to evaluate the long-term protective effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant agent, against aminoglycoside (AG)-induced ototoxicity. METHODS: A total of 40 patients receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and having their first peritonitis attacks and planned to be treated with AGs were enrolled in the study. They were randomized into 2 groups: 1 group received additional NAC and the other did not. All patients underwent hearing tests with pure tone audiometry (PTA) after the diagnosis, at 1 month and 12 months and at the same time the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 levels were measured...
November 2, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069247/reversal-of-uremic-tumoral-calcinosis-by-optimization-of-clinical-treatment-of-bone-and-mineral-metabolism-disorder
#3
Mariana Espiga Maioli, Vinicius Daher Alvares Delfino, Amanda Carolina Damasceno Zanuto Guerra, Luiz Fernando Kunii, Raquel Ferreira Nassar Frange
Tumoral calcinosis is an uncommon type of extraosseous calcification characterized by large rubbery or cystic masses containing calcium-phosphate deposits. The condition prevails in the periarticular tissue with preservation of osteoarticular structures. Elevated calcium-phosphorus products and severe secondary hyperparathyroidism are present in most patients with uremic tumoral calcionosis (UTC). Case report of an obese secondary to chronic glomerulonephritis, undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) reported the appearance of painless tumors in the medial surface of fifth finger and left arm...
April 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044930/effect-of-incident-nocturnal-home-hemodialysis-versus-incident-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-on-employment-rate-clinical-and-laboratory-outcomes-a-1-year-retrospective-observation-study
#4
John Wing Li, Joseph Ho Sing Wong, Wai Leung Chak, Ka Foon Chau
INTRODUCTION: While studies demonstrated favorable outcomes of nocturnal home hemodialysis (NHHD), direct comparison on employment rate, clinical and laboratory outcomes between the NHHD and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) had not been previously performed. METHODS: A 1-year retrospective observation study was performed in 20 incidents alternate night NHHD and 81 incident CAPD patients of Chinese ethnicity, who were sex, diabetic status, and Charlson comorbidity index matched, but not age due to our center's age limit for NHHD enrollment...
October 18, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044336/the-impact-of-body-mass-index-bmi-variation-on-mortality-of-incident-elderly-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-a-joint-model-analysis
#5
Marcia Regina Gianotti Franco, Fernando Antonio Basile Colugnati, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, José Carolino Divino-Filho, Natália Maria Da Silva Fernandes
INTRODUCTION: Data on impact of high body mass index (BMI) on mortality of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), especially among elderly, are inconsistent. Objective: To evaluate impact of BMI on cohort of incident elderly PD patients over time. METHODS: Prospective multicenter cohort study (December / 2004-October/2007) with 674 patients. Socio-demographic and clinical data evaluated with patients followed until death, transfer to hemodialysis (HD), recovery of renal function, loss of follow-up or transplant...
July 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035196/thyroid-function-in-patients-on-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-in-comparison-with-chronic-kidney-disease%C3%A2
#6
Toru Sanai, Akinori Nagashima, Ken Okamura, Shuichi Rikitake, Makoto Fukuda, Koji Onozawa, Mai Sanematsu, Tsuyoshi Takashima, Motoaki Miyazono, Yuji Ikeda
BACKGROUND/METHODS: Thyroid function was evaluated in 14 Japanese patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) with end-stage renal disease compared with 11 chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 1+2 patients (glomerular filtration rate ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73m2). RESULTS: The serum free triiodothyronine (fT3) (2.2 ± 0.3 pg/mL, p < 0.05) levels were lower, and the rate of low triiodothyronine (T3) syndrome was higher (4 of 13 cases, 30.8%) in the CAPD patients than in the CKD stage 1+2 patients (1 of 10 cases, 10...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032379/oral-bicarbonate-slows-decline-of-residual-renal-function-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#7
Xiang-Yang Liu, Xiu-Mei Gao, Ning Zhang, Rui Chen, Feng Wu, Xin-Chao Tao, Chun-Jun Li, Ping Zhang, Pei Yu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Metabolic acidosis is a common consequence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) which may result in a substantial adverse outcome. The effect of oral bicarbonate on the preservation of residual renal function (RRF) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients has been rarely reported. METHODS: We randomly assigned 40 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients to the oral bicarbonate group or placebo group at a 1: 1 ratio. All enrollments were followed for a duration of 104 weeks...
2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970363/comparison-of-change-in-peritoneal-function-in-patients-on-continuous-ambulatory-pd-vs-automated-pd
#8
Nasreen Samad, Stanley Fan
BACKGROUND: Patients on automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) may have greater exposure to glucose in the PD fluid than those on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD). If this causes long-term damage to the peritoneal membrane, it will have implications for a patient's choice of modality. METHODS: Membrane function of long-term APD or CAPD patients was followed prospectively. The data were collected from electronic patient records in our unit from 2000 to 2014. The rate of change in membrane transport status (D/Pcr) and ultrafiltration (UF4) for each patient was calculated using the least square regression line equation...
September 28, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906246/the-relationship-between-central-auditory-processing-language-and-cognition-in-children-being-evaluated-for-central-auditory-processing-disorder
#9
Lauren Brenneman, Elizabeth Cash, Gail D Chermak, Linda Guenette, Gay Masters, Frank E Musiek, Mallory Brown, Julianne Ceruti, Krista Fitzegerald, Kristin Geissler, Jennifer Gonzalez, Jeffrey Weihing
BACKGROUND: Pediatric central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) is frequently comorbid with other childhood disorders. However, few studies have examined the relationship between commonly used CAPD, language, and cognition tests within the same sample. PURPOSE: The present study examined the relationship between diagnostic CAPD tests and "gold standard" measures of language and cognitive ability, the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals (CELF) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904881/numerical-expression-of-volume-status-using-the-bioimpedance-ratio-in-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#10
Mun Jang, Won Hak Kim, Jung Hee Lee, Mi Soon Kim, Eun Kyoung Lee, So Mi Kim, Jai Won Chang
BACKGROUND: Volume overload results in higher mortality rates in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The ratio of bioimpedance (RBI) might be a helpful parameter in adjusting dry body weight in CAPD patients. This study examined whether it is possible to distinguish between non-hypervolemic status and hypervolemic status in CAPD patients by using only RBI. METHODS: RBI was calculated as follows: RBI = impedance at 50 kHz/impedance at 500 kHz...
September 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882029/clinical-observation-of-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-for-treating-patients-receiving-peritoneal-dialysis
#11
Hong-Ying Jiang, Jia-Ping Wang, Yi-Hua Bai, Min Yang, Yi Zeng, Yun-Juan Liao, Zhen-Kun He
BACKGROUND: This study aims to observe the outcome and safety of umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) treatment for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. METHODS: A total of 24 CAPD patients, who underwent UC-MSC treatment from June 2011 to December 2012, were selected for this study. These patients were followed-up until June 2015. RESULTS: Results revealed a significant increase in HB, EPO and ALB levels, a decrease in CRP levels, and marked improvement in cystatin C and urine volume within three months after UC-MSC transplantation; and the difference was statistically significant (P<0...
September 7, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831180/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-emplacement-by-advanced-laparoscopy-8-year-experience-from-a-medical-center-of-china
#12
Min Mo, Yongle Ju, Haitang Hu, Wei Zhang, Jianyi Pan, Qingkun Zheng, Jinzhong Chen, Lijuan Su, Xianrui Dou
Laparoscopic experience and relevant reports about PD catheter emplacement in Chinese patients are seldom. In this study, we described our experience with advanced laparoscopy for PD catheter implantation in Chinese patients. There were one hundred and thirty Chinese patients accepted advanced laparoscopic approach for PD catheter emplacement in this study. Six of 26 patients with prior abdominal operations had abdominal adhesion, while six of 104 patients without prior abdominal surgeries showed abdominal adhesion...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815812/association-of-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-with-mortality-in-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#13
Yating Wang, Liping Xiong, Qingdong Xu, Wei Li, Xuan Peng, Jiani Shen, Yagui Qiu, Xueqing Yu, Haiping Mao
AIM: Cardiovascular disease is associated with morbidity and mortality in peritoneal dialysis patients but the relationship between left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and outcomes is unclear. This study aimed to explore the association between LVEF and mortality in incident continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. METHODS: The patients were divided into three groups according to LVEF levels (>0.6, 0.5 to 0.6, and <0.5). Kaplan-Meier analysis and the Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate association of LVEF with mortality...
August 16, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748880/incident-elderly-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-epidemiological-characteristics-and-modality-impact-on-survival-time
#14
Marcia R G Franco, Marcus G Bastos, Abdul R Qureshi, Alyne Schreider, Kleyton de Andrade Bastos, Jose C Divino-Filho, Natalia M S Fernandes
Aging of the population and the increased prevalence of diseases such as diabetes and arterial hypertension result in an increasing need of dialysis treatment. Herein we describe a cohort of elderly patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and assess the influence of the modality on the long-term survival. Out of a multicenter prospective cohort of 2,144 BRAZPD PD incident patients during a period from December 2004 to October 2007, 762 elderly adults, defined as patients ≥65-year-old, were eligible for the study, 413 started on automated PD (APD) and 349 on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD)...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690217/-clinical-characteristics-and-the-factors-relevant-to-peritoneal-transport-function-in-patients-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#15
Yang Xie, Hao Zhang, Jianwen Wang, Jun Liu, Bin Yi, Ke Zhang, Jishi Liu
To observe the clinical characteristics with different peritoneal transport type in patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), and to investigate the factors associated with peritoneal transport function.
 Methods: The clinical data of 158 CAPD patients were analyzed retrospectively. According to peritoneal equilibration test, a method for evaluation of the peritoneal transport function, the patients were divided into 2 groups: a high average and high peritoneal transport group (Group A, n=84) and a low average and low peritoneal transport group (Group B, n=74)...
June 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682572/carmelo-giordano-1930-2016-a-giant-in-nephrology
#16
Natale De Santo, Carlo De Pascale, Ernesto Quarto, Malcolm E Phillips, Biagio Di Iorio
Carmelo Giordano (Carmine, Louis, Joseph Giordano) was born in Naples on August 23, 1930 in the house of Rafael and Anna Tirone He received the MD cum laude in 1954. He was Fellow and assistant to Professor Flaviano Magrassi and studied nephrology at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, University of Harvard in Boston, under the guidance of John P. Merrill (1958-1960). He was nominated Professor of Nephrology at the University Federico II, Naples in 1975 and Professor of Medicine at the Second University of Naples (1986-2002)...
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682568/-peritoneal-dialysis-in-italy-the-fourth-gsdp-sin-census-2012
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Giancarlo Marinangeli, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Loris Neri, Giusto Viglino, Roberto Corciulo, Anna Rachele Rocca, Alessandro Laudon, Viviana Finato
OBJECTIVE: To know PD modalities and results in Italy. METHODS: The Census was carried out by means of an on-line questionnaire in all the 224 non-pediatric public centers which performed PD in 2012. The results were compared with those of previous Censuses. RESULTS: Incidence. In 2012 PD was begun (first treatment for ESRD) by 1,433 pts (CAPD: 54.3%) and HD by 4,700 pts (%PD-incidence= Cs-12: 23.4%; Cs-10: 23.3%; Cs-08: 22.8%; Cs-05: 24.2%; p=NS), with a further increase in incremental PD (Cs-12: 28...
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676043/association-of-baseline-longitudinal-serum-high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-and-its-change-with-mortality-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#18
Wei Li, Liping Xiong, Li Fan, Yating Wang, Xuan Peng, Rong Rong, Yagui Qiu, Jiani Shen, Jianxiong Lin, Xueqing Yu, Haiping Mao
BACKGROUND: The prognostic values of baseline, longitudinal high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and its change over time on mortality in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) remain uncertain. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 1228 consecutive CAPD patients from 2007 to 2012, and followed up through December 2014. Cox regression models were performed to assess the association of hs-CRP on outcomes using serum hs-CRP levels as: (1) stratified by tertile of baseline or longitudinal hs-CRP levels; (2) baseline or longitudinal hs-CRP levels as continuous variables; and (3) categorized by tertile of slopes of hs-CRP change per year for each subject...
July 4, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652800/nutritional-status-among-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-after-oral-supplement-with-once-dialyze-formula
#19
Bancha Satirapoj, Pokkrong Limwannata, Chadarat Kleebchaiyaphum, Janjira Prapakorn, Ussanee Yatinan, Samitti Chotsriluecha, Ouppatham Supasyndh
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is an important problem in patients treated with long-term dialysis, and most dialysis patients have lower dietary energy and protein intake. This study was undertaken to examine whether orally administered Otsuka Nutrition Pharmaceutical (ONCE) dialyze formula (ODF) supplement would improve energy intake without mineral and electrolyte disturbances in patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). METHODS: The effects of ODF supplementation on nutrition markers including serum albumin and prealbumin concentrations and inflammatory stress in patients with chronic CAPD were evaluated...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635503/practical-guidelines-to-minimise-language-and-cognitive-confounds-in-the-diagnosis-of-capd-a-brief-tutorial
#20
Gail D Chermak, Doris-Eva Bamiou, Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Frank E Musiek
OBJECTIVE: To provide audiologists with strategies to minimise confounding cognitive and language processing variables and accurately diagnose central auditory processing disorder (CAPD). DESIGN: Tutorial. STUDY SAMPLE: None. RESULTS: Strategies are reviewed to minimise confounding cognitive and language processing variables and accurately diagnose CAPD. CONCLUSIONS: Differential diagnosis is exceedingly important and can be quite challenging...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
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