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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815812/association-of-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-with-mortality-in-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#1
Yating Wang, Liping Xiong, Qingdong Xu, Wei Li, Xuan Peng, Jiani Shen, Yagui Qiu, Xueqing Yu, Haiping Mao
AIM: Cardiovascular disease is associated with morbidity and mortality in peritoneal dialysis patients but the relationship between left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and outcomes is unclear. This study aimed to explore the association between LVEF and mortality in incident continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. METHODS: The patients were divided into three groups according to LVEF levels (>0.6, 0.5 to 0.6, and <0.5). Kaplan-Meier analysis and the Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate association of LVEF with mortality...
August 16, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748880/incident-elderly-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-epidemiological-characteristics-and-modality-impact-on-survival-time
#2
Marcia R G Franco, Marcus G Bastos, Abdul R Qureshi, Alyne Schreider, Kleyton de Andrade Bastos, Jose C Divino-Filho, Natalia M S Fernandes
Aging of the population and the increased prevalence of diseases such as diabetes and arterial hypertension result in an increasing need of dialysis treatment. Herein we describe a cohort of elderly patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and assess the influence of the modality on the long-term survival. Out of a multicenter prospective cohort of 2,144 BRAZPD PD incident patients during a period from December 2004 to October 2007, 762 elderly adults, defined as patients ≥65-year-old, were eligible for the study, 413 started on automated PD (APD) and 349 on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD)...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690217/-clinical-characteristics-and-the-factors-relevant-to-peritoneal-transport-function-in-patients-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#3
Yang Xie, Hao Zhang, Jianwen Wang, Jun Liu, Bin Yi, Ke Zhang, Jishi Liu
To observe the clinical characteristics with different peritoneal transport type in patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), and to investigate the factors associated with peritoneal transport function.
 Methods: The clinical data of 158 CAPD patients were analyzed retrospectively. According to peritoneal equilibration test, a method for evaluation of the peritoneal transport function, the patients were divided into 2 groups: a high average and high peritoneal transport group (Group A, n=84) and a low average and low peritoneal transport group (Group B, n=74)...
June 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682572/carmelo-giordano-1930-2016-a-giant-in-nephrology
#4
Natale De Santo, Carlo De Pascale, Ernesto Quarto, Malcolm E Phillips, Biagio Di Iorio
Carmelo Giordano (Carmine, Louis, Joseph Giordano) was born in Naples on August 23, 1930 in the house of Rafael and Anna Tirone He received the MD cum laude in 1954. He was Fellow and assistant to Professor Flaviano Magrassi and studied nephrology at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, University of Harvard in Boston, under the guidance of John P. Merrill (1958-1960). He was nominated Professor of Nephrology at the University Federico II, Naples in 1975 and Professor of Medicine at the Second University of Naples (1986-2002)...
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682568/-peritoneal-dialysis-in-italy-the-fourth-gsdp-sin-census-2012
#5
Giancarlo Marinangeli, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Loris Neri, Giusto Viglino, Roberto Corciulo, Anna Rachele Rocca, Alessandro Laudon, Viviana Finato
OBJECTIVE: To know PD modalities and results in Italy. METHODS: The Census was carried out by means of an on-line questionnaire in all the 224 non-pediatric public centers which performed PD in 2012. The results were compared with those of previous Censuses. RESULTS: Incidence. In 2012 PD was begun (first treatment for ESRD) by 1,433 pts (CAPD: 54.3%) and HD by 4,700 pts (%PD-incidence= Cs-12: 23.4%; Cs-10: 23.3%; Cs-08: 22.8%; Cs-05: 24.2%; p=NS), with a further increase in incremental PD (Cs-12: 28...
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676043/association-of-baseline-longitudinal-serum-high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-and-its-change-with-mortality-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#6
Wei Li, Liping Xiong, Li Fan, Yating Wang, Xuan Peng, Rong Rong, Yagui Qiu, Jiani Shen, Jianxiong Lin, Xueqing Yu, Haiping Mao
BACKGROUND: The prognostic values of baseline, longitudinal high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and its change over time on mortality in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) remain uncertain. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 1228 consecutive CAPD patients from 2007 to 2012, and followed up through December 2014. Cox regression models were performed to assess the association of hs-CRP on outcomes using serum hs-CRP levels as: (1) stratified by tertile of baseline or longitudinal hs-CRP levels; (2) baseline or longitudinal hs-CRP levels as continuous variables; and (3) categorized by tertile of slopes of hs-CRP change per year for each subject...
July 4, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652800/nutritional-status-among-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-after-oral-supplement-with-once-dialyze-formula
#7
Bancha Satirapoj, Pokkrong Limwannata, Chadarat Kleebchaiyaphum, Janjira Prapakorn, Ussanee Yatinan, Samitti Chotsriluecha, Ouppatham Supasyndh
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is an important problem in patients treated with long-term dialysis, and most dialysis patients have lower dietary energy and protein intake. This study was undertaken to examine whether orally administered Otsuka Nutrition Pharmaceutical (ONCE) dialyze formula (ODF) supplement would improve energy intake without mineral and electrolyte disturbances in patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). METHODS: The effects of ODF supplementation on nutrition markers including serum albumin and prealbumin concentrations and inflammatory stress in patients with chronic CAPD were evaluated...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635503/practical-guidelines-to-minimise-language-and-cognitive-confounds-in-the-diagnosis-of-capd-a-brief-tutorial
#8
Gail D Chermak, Doris-Eva Bamiou, Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Frank E Musiek
OBJECTIVE: To provide audiologists with strategies to minimise confounding cognitive and language processing variables and accurately diagnose central auditory processing disorder (CAPD). DESIGN: Tutorial. STUDY SAMPLE: None. RESULTS: Strategies are reviewed to minimise confounding cognitive and language processing variables and accurately diagnose CAPD. CONCLUSIONS: Differential diagnosis is exceedingly important and can be quite challenging...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617545/fluid-status-of-patients-during-the-early-stages-of-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#9
L Wang, W Yu, T Wang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the fluid status of patients in the early stages of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 36 patients (13 males and 23 females), hospitalized in the Nephrology CAPD Center, Peking University Third Hospital, and undergoing intubation and CAPD treatment, were recruited in this study. By utilize a bioelectrical impedance analyzer, changes in extracellular fluid and intracellular fluid within the patients' cells, and overall fluid changes were monitored throughout six months following CAPD treatment...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590894/hearing-characteristics-of-stroke-patients-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-hearing-impairment-and-auditory-processing-disorders-in-stroke-patients
#10
Nehzat Koohi, Deborah A Vickers, Rahul Lakshmanan, Hoskote Chandrashekar, David J Werring, Jason D Warren, Doris-Eva Bamiou
BACKGROUND: Stroke survivors may suffer from a range of hearing impairments that may restrict their participation in postacute rehabilitation programs. Hearing impairment may have a significant impact on listening, linguistic skills, and overall communication of the affected stroke patient. However, no studies sought to systematically characterize auditory function of stroke patients in detail, to establish the different types of hearing impairments in this cohort of patients. Such information would be clinically useful in understanding and addressing the hearing needs of stroke survivors...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573387/the-impact-of-change-of-renal-replacement-therapy-modality-on-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
C Kennedy, S A Ryan, T Kane, R W Costello, P J Conlon
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are common and multi-factorial in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Sleep disorders and disturbance have a negative impact on wellbeing and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a change in renal replacement therapy (RRT) modality on sleep quality and sleep disturbance in patients with ESRD. DATA SOURCES: Multiple electronic databases were searched without publication type/period restrictions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531904/routine-monitoring-of-sodium-and-phosphorus-removal-in-peritoneal-dialysis-pd-patients-treated-with-continuous-ambulatory-pd-capd-automated-pd-apd-or-combined-capd-apd
#12
Veronika Moor, Robert Wagner, Michael Sayer, Marlies Petsch, Sandra Rueb, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Nils Heyne, Ferruh Artunc
BACKGROUND: Adequate removal of sodium (Na) and phosphorus (P) is of paramount importance for patients with dialysis-dependent kidney disease can easily quantified in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Some studies suggest that automated PD (APD) results in lower Na and P removal. METHODS: In this study we retrospectively analysed our data on Na and P removal in PD patients after implementation of a routine monitoring in 2011. Patients were stratified in those treated with continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD, n=24), automated PD (APD, n=23) and APD with one bag change (CAPD+APD, n=10)...
2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500518/incremental-start-to-pd-as-experienced-in-italy-results-of-censuses-carried-out-from-2005-to-2014
#13
Loris Neri, Giusto Viglino, Giancarlo Marinangeli, Anna Rachele Rocca, Alessandro Laudon, Antonino Ragusa, Gianfranca Cabiddu
BACKGROUND: It is not known how widely used in Italy an incremental start to in peritoneal dialysis (Incr-PD) is. METHODS: By analyzing the peritoneal dialysis (PD) censuses conducted by the PD Study Group (GSDP-SIN) for the years 2005, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014 in all the Centers performing PD in Italy, the use of Incr-PD, i.e. continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) with 1 or 2 exchanges/day or automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) with 3-4 sessions/week, was examined among incident PD patients...
August 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455658/hemodialysis-is-associated-with-higher-serum-fgf23-level-when-compared-with-peritoneal-dialysis
#14
Shuhong Bi, Yaoxian Liang, Litao Cheng, Yue Wang, Tao Wang, Qinfeng Han, Aihua Zhang
BACKGROUND: Considering the growing relevance of fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) and increased cardiovascular mortality in dialysis population, an analysis was performed to assess the influence of dialysis modality (peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis) on level of FGF23. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 80 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and 65 hemodialysis (HD) patients without residual renal function. Levels of calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone and FGF23 were measured, and their correlations were analyzed...
April 28, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444939/continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-ascitic-and-pleural-body-fluids-evaluation-with-the-mindray-bc-6800-hematology-analyzer
#15
Oscar Fuster, Belinda Andino, Amparo Pardo, Begoña Laiz
BACKGROUND: Accurate evaluation of hematology analyzers is recommended before these devices can be broadly introduced for the routine testing of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), ascitic, and pleural fluids. METHODS: We evaluated the performance of Mindray BC-6800 for white blood cell (WBC) and differential cell count in 50 CAPD, 60 ascitic and 40 pleural compared with manual microscopy. Within-run precision, limit of blank (LoB), limit of detection (LoD), limit of quantitation (LoQ), and carryover were assessed...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389481/relationship-between-uric-acid-and-technique-failure-in-patients-on-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-a-long-term-observational-cohort-study
#16
Yao-Peng Hsieh, Chia-Chu Chang, Chew-Teng Kor, Yu Yang, Yao-Ko Wen, Ping-Fang Chiu, Chi-Chen Lin
OBJECTIVES: Uric acid (UA) is the product of purine or nucleotide metabolism via the pathway of xanthine oxidase or xanthine dehydrogenase. Although epidemiological studies assessing the role of UA in cardiovascular disease or mortality have produced inconsistent results, the correlation between UA and technique failure in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) remains to be assessed. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients starting CAPD between 2001 and 2009 in a single centre in Taiwan...
April 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388856/aaa-2010-capd-clinical-practice-guidelines-need-for-an-update
#17
David A DeBonis
OBJECTIVE: Review and critique of the clinical value of the AAA CAPD guidance document in light of criteria for credible and useful guidance documents, as discussed by Field and Lohr. DESIGN: A qualitative review of the of the AAA CAPD guidelines using a framework by Field and Lohr to assess their relative value in supporting the assessment and management of CAPD referrals. STUDY SAMPLE: Relevant literature available through electronic search tools and published texts were used along with the AAA CAPD guidance document and the chapter by Field and Lohr...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367961/association-between-red-cell-distribution-width-and-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#18
Yao-Peng Hsieh, Shr-Mei Tsai, Chia-Chu Chang, Chew-Teng Kor, Chi-Chen Lin
Although red cell distribution width (RDW) has emerged as a biomarker of clinical prognostic value across a variety of clinical settings in the last two decades, limited evidence is available for its role in end-stage renal disease. We enrolled 313 incident patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in this retrospective observational study from 2006 to 2015. In the fully adjusted model of Cox regression analysis, the adjusted hazard ratios for the high RDW group versus the low RDW group were 2...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365922/molecular-characterization-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-pasteurella-multocida-strains-isolated-from-hosts-affected-by-various-diseases-in-italy
#19
Lucilla Cucco, Francesca Romana Massacci, Carla Sebastiani, Piermario Mangili, Luca Bano, Monia Cocchi, Andrea Luppi, Roberta Ortenzi, Giovanni Pezzotti, Chiara Francesca Magistrali
Pasteurella multocida is a widespread pathogen associated with major animal diseases of economic significance. Despite this, little is known about the capsular types, virulence gene pattern, and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates from hosts affected by different diseases, and no data are available in Italy. One hundred eighty six isolates of P. multocida, were taken from different species in different states of health in several Italian regions, and were tested for genes encoding for capsular types (cap) and major virulence factors (tbpA, toxA, hgbB and pfhA)...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363816/paecilomyces-variotii-peritonitis-in-a-patient-on-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#20
E Uzunoglu, A M Sahin
Paecilomyces variotii (P. variotii) is an extremely rare cause of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) peritonitis. When diagnosed, it usually portends poor prognosis. Patient's survival depends on early laboratory diagnosis and proper treatment. We herein report a P. variotii peritonitis in a patient on CAPD which is a quite rare clinical entity. Laboratory diagnosis was confirmed via both morphological analysis and DNA sequencing. Antifungal susceptibility tests were performed and interpreted according to the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute M38-A2 guidelines...
March 28, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
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