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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325860/economic-costs-of-automated-and-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-in-taiwan-a-combined-survey-and-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#1
Chao-Hsiun Tang, Yu-Ting Wu, Siao-Yuan Huang, Hsi-Hsien Chen, Ming-Ju Wu, Bang-Gee Hsu, Jer-Chia Tsai, Tso-Hsiao Chen, Yuh-Mou Sue
OBJECTIVES: Taiwan succeeded in raising the proportion of peritoneal dialysis (PD) usage after the National Health Insurance (NHI) payment scheme introduced financial incentives in 2005. This study aims to compare the economic costs between automated PD (APD) and continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) modalities from a societal perspective. DESIGN AND SETTING: A retrospective cohort of patients receiving PD from the NHI Research Database was identified during 2004-2011...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322642/impact-of-volume-management-on-volume-overload-and-rehospitalization-in-capd-patients
#2
Yi Xu, Shen-Min Yang, Xiao-Hua Wang, Hai-Fang Wang, Mei-E Niu, Yi-Qun Yang, Guo-Yuan Lu, Jian-Hong Pang, Fei Wang, Lin Li
Heart failure due to volume overload is a major reason for rehospitalization in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients. Strict volume control provides better cardiac functions and blood pressure in this population. Volume management, which is a volume control strategy, may decrease volume overload and related complications. Using a quasi-experimental design, 66 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients were randomly assigned to the intervention group ( n = 34) and control group ( n = 32)...
December 1, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315872/association-of-very-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-with-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-peritoneal-dialysis
#3
Xishao Xie, Xiaohui Zhang, Shilong Xiang, Xingqun Yan, Haojie Huang, Yuanshi Tian, Zhangfei Shou, Jianghua Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in dialysis patients. Little is known about the relationship between very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) and cardiovascular mortality in these patients. METHODS: A total of 1324 incident patients who began continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) therapy at our hospital between January 1, 2005, and September 30, 2014, with baseline serum VLDL-C values were investigated...
March 17, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301834/patient-doctor-contact-interval-and-clinical-outcomes-in-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#4
Chunyan Yi, Qunying Guo, Jianxiong Lin, Jianying Li, Xueqing Yu, Xiao Yang
BACKGROUND: The optimal patient-doctor contact (PDC) interval remains unknown in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The aim was to investigate the association between PDC interval and clinical outcomes in continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) patients. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, CAPD patients who resided in Guangzhou city between January 2006 and December 2012 were included. According to receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, all patients were classified as high (PDC interval ≤2 months) and low (PDC interval >2 months) PDC frequency groups...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182041/assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-its-determinants-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
M Manavalan, A Majumdar, K T Harichandra Kumar, P S Priyamvada
Health-related quality of life is an important, yet neglected aspect of chronic kidney disease (CKD) care. We evaluated the quality of life and its determinants across CKD 3 to 5D using a kidney disease specific tool (Kidney Disease Quality of Life-SF™) in an underprivileged, predominantly rural population with high rates of illiteracy and unemployment. The scores of individual domains were summarized to three composite scores - physical composite summary (PCS), mental composite summary (MCS), and kidney disease component summary score (KDCS)(...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158991/peritonitis-outcomes-in-patients-with-hiv-and-end-stage-renal-failure-on-peritoneal-dialysis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Kwazi C Z Ndlovu, Wilbert Sibanda, Alain Assounga
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated end-stage renal failure particularly in low-resource settings with limited access to renal replacement therapy. We aimed to evaluate the effects of HIV infection on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)-associated peritonitis outcomes and technique failure in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-treated HIV-positive CAPD populations. METHODS: We conducted a single-center prospective cohort study of consecutive incident CAPD patients recruited from two hospitals in Durban, South Africa from September 2012-February 2015...
February 3, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127739/phosphate-equilibration-rate-and-daily-clearance-in-patients-on-capd-ccpd-and-apd
#7
Rafael Gomez, Jacek Waniewski, Adelaida Zapata, Mauro Pietribiasi, Bengt Lindholm
BACKGROUND: Criteria for how to assess removal rate of inorganic phosphorous (iP) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) and whether iP removal differs between different PD modalities are debated. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 73 prevalent patients on continuous ambulatory PD (n = 16), continuous cyclic PD (n = 8) or automated PD (n = 49) with mean age 54 (range, 18-87) years, 46 males, underwent standard peritoneal equilibration test (PET) and 24-hour collection of dialysate with measurements of iP, urea and creatinine in all samples and bags...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115864/continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-perspectives-on-patient-selection-in-low-to-middle-income-countries
#8
REVIEW
Nicola Wearne, Kajiru Kilonzo, Emmanuel Effa, Bianca Davidson, Peter Nourse, Udeme Ekrikpo, Ikechi G Okpechi
Chronic kidney disease is a major public health problem that continues to show an unrelenting global increase in prevalence. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease has been predicted to grow the fastest in low- to middle-income countries (LMICs). There is evidence that people living in LMICs have the highest need for renal replacement therapy (RRT) despite the lowest access to various modalities of treatment. As continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) does not require advanced technologies, much infrastructure, or need for dialysis staff support, it should be an ideal form of RRT in LMICs, particularly for those living in remote areas...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108252/abnormalities-in-cortical-auditory-responses-in-children-with-central-auditory-processing-disorder
#9
Amineh Koravand, Benoît Jutras, Maryse Lassonde
The main objective of the present study was to identify markers of neural deficits in children with central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) by measuring latency and amplitude of the auditory cortical responses and mismatch negativity (MMN) responses. Passive oddball paradigms were used with nonverbal and verbal stimuli to record cortical auditory-evoked potentials and MMN. Twenty-three children aged 9-12 participated in the study: 10 with normal hearing acuity as well as CAPD and 13 with normal hearing without CAPD...
January 18, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102814/successful-induction-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-patient-with-massive-hydrothorax-due-to%C3%A2-pleuroperitoneal-communication%C3%A2
#10
Takahiro Uchida, Yuji Yamada, Toshihiko Imakiire, Naoki Oshima, Hiroo Kumagai
A 74-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis and chronic kidney disease (CKD) who had complained of chronic abdominal distension due to prominent ascites presented with sudden dyspnea. Chest radiography showed massive right pleural effusion that shifted the mediastinum. Peritoneal scintigraphy using <sup>99</sup>mTc-macroaggregated albumin revealed pleuroperitoneal communication (PPC). As her hydrothorax was refractory and frequent thoracentesis did not improve her respiratory distress, thoracoscopic surgery was performed for repair of the diaphragm defect...
April 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096442/kinetic-modeling-of-incremental-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-exchanges
#11
Steven Guest, John K Leypoldt, Michelle E Cassin, Martin J Schreiber
♦ Background: Incremental peritoneal dialysis (PD), the gradual introduction of dialysate exchanges at less than full-dose therapy, has been infrequently described in clinical reports. One concern with less than full-dose dialysis is whether urea clearance targets are achievable with an incremental regimen. In this report, we used a large database of PD patients, across all membrane transport types, and performed urea kinetic modeling determinations of possible incremental regimens for an individual membrane type...
January 17, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070047/-clinical-analysis-for-patients-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-associated-peritonitis
#12
Jian Liu, Xun Huang, Yao Liu, Hui Xu, Rui'e Gong, Chunhui Li
To analyze the clinical characteristics of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) associated peritonitis in the tertiary hospitals and to discuss the preventive and therapeutic strategy.
 Methods: The clinical characteristics, pathogens, resistance and outcomes of 126 CAPD associated peritonitis in 104 patients from Jan, 2013 to June, 2016, were retrospectively analyzed.
 Results: Among the patients, the incidence rates of abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea and emesis were 104 (82.54%), 56 (44.44%), 49 (38...
December 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066919/innovations-in-treatment-delivery-risk-of-peritonitis-and-patient-retention-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#13
Beth Piraino
Early innovations in the delivery of peritoneal dialysis (PD) markedly improved its acceptability and lowered peritonitis rates. The standard osmotic agent was, and continues to be dextrose, an agent that is not ideal as it is readily absorbed. The development of icodextrin-containing dialysis fluid has allowed a long dwell time to provide more effective ultrafiltration. The development of a smaller, more easily used automated cycler, led to an increase in the proportion of patients on the cycler as opposed to CAPD...
January 8, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050446/a-simple-sustained-traction-method-for-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-capd-catheter-removal
#14
Shantajit Nameirakpam, Sharatkumar Singh Naorem, Salinitadevi Naorem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004509/serial-changes-of-computed-tomographic-peritoneogram-in-patients-with-symptomatic-ultrafiltration-failure-complicating-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#15
Michelle Cheung, Ferdinand Sk Chu, Lorraine Py Kwan
INTRODUCTION: It is well-known that continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is associated with complications. And some of these complications are well-demonstrated as abnormalities on computed tomographic peritoneogram (CTP). The objective of our study is to document the serial changes of these complications. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 125 patients treated with CAPD for end staged renal failure (ESRF) who had CTP conducted in our hospital between December 2006 and August 2015...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999390/comparative-study-on-trace-element-excretions-between-nonanuric-and-anuric-patients-undergoing-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#16
Siyun Xiang, Ying Yao, Yunan Wan, Wangqun Liang, Ruiwei Meng, Qiman Jin, Nannan Wu, Fangyi Xu, Chenjiang Ying, Xuezhi Zuo
Few studies have been reported on alterations of trace elements (TE) in peritoneal dialysis patients. Our objective was to investigate and assess the characteristics of daily TE excretions in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. This cross-sectional study included 61 CAPD patients (nonanuric/anuric: 45/16) and 11 healthy subjects in Wuhan, China between 2013 and 2014. The dialysate and urine of patients and urine of healthy subjects were collected. The concentrations of copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), molybdenum (Mo), and arsenic (As) in dialysate and urine were determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS)...
December 20, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984594/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-from-iliadou-sirimanna-and-bamiou-regarding-debonis-2015
#17
David DeBonis
The purpose of this letter is to respond to "Central Auditory Processing Disorder Is Classified in ICD-10 and H93.25 and Hearing Evaluation-Not Screening-Should Be Implemented in Children With Verified Communication and/or Listening Deficits" by Iliadou, Sirimanna, and Bamiou (2016). The methodology used involved a close reading of the concerns expressed by Iliadou et al. in view of the central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) literature and the stated purpose of my original article (DeBonis, 2015). The literature used included clinical practice guidelines, respected journals, and recognized authorities on the topic...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984593/capd-is-classified-in-icd-10-as-h93-25-and-hearing-evaluation-not-screening-should-be-implemented-in-children-with-verified-communication-and-or-listening-deficits
#18
Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Tony Sirimanna, Doris-Eva Bamiou
The article "It Is Time to Rethink Central Auditory Processing Disorder Protocols for School-Aged Children" (DeBonis, 2015) appeared in the American Journal of Audiology as a tutorial. The author used the argument made by Cowan, Rosen, and Moore (2009), referring to central auditory processing disorder (CAPD), that "such impairments have not been shown to uniquely contribute to a clearly defined condition that would warrant its inclusion in any of the major disease classification systems" (emphasis added; p...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981931/pleural-effusion-developing-in-two-patients-on-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#19
Muhammad Asim
Two patients with end-stage-renal-disease on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) presented with pleural effusions. The aspirated fluid was categorised as transudate, based on alkaline pH, low protein and lactic dehydrogenase level. A striking feature of the pleural fluid was, its very high glucose content that resulted from translocation of dextrose containing peritoneal dialysate into the pleural space via a pleuroperitoneal connection. One patient was transferred to hemodialysis, which led to complete resolution of pleural effusion...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941742/experience-of-percutaneous-versus-surgically-placed-catheter-for-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-v
#20
S Afroz, T Ferdaus, S A Khondokar, M H Khan, M Hanif
The lifespan and outcome of end stage renal disease (ESRD) children have dramatically improved since the development of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), it offers several advantages over hemodialysis. Percutaneous placement of CAPD catheters in children is minimally invasive, reliable, safe and cost-effective method. Percutaneous method of CAPD catheter insertion can be used in children to avoid the complications of general anesthesia and surgery. This study was done to evaluate the efficacy of CAPD in children, to find out the complication profile of CAPD & to compare the advantages of surgical versus percutaneously placed CAPD catheters in children...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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