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A Rampello, P Papi, G Pompa, A Rampello, A Polimeni, C Di Paolo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate functionality and clinical application of a novel immediate device in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). To address the research purpose, authors developed and implemented a randomized control clinical trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty patients were enrolled in this study and were randomly divided into two subgroups based on the treatment applied: patient group (PG) and control group (CG). The CG was not subjected to any kind of treatment, even placebo, in order to be able to assess the spontaneous development of the pathology over time...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Dezhong Zhang, Chunyu Liu, Kanzhe Li, Yu Chen, Shengping Ruan, Xindong Zhang, Chuannan Li
Applications of ZnO in photodetectors are limited by the great quantity of extrinsic majority carriers due to structural defects and difficult exciton dissociation due to the large exciton binding energy; these generally lead to a higher dark current (Id) and lower light current (Il), severely degrading the responsivity and detectivity. C dots are incorporated into an annealing-free ZnO layer to innovatively construct a local built-in electric field (Ebi) using the difference in the work functions; this simultaneously overcomes the drawbacks of the pristine ZnO photosensitive layer...
March 22, 2018: Nanoscale
Natalie Wolchover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: Nature
Krista Leischner, Lacey Arneson McCormack, Brian C Britt, Greg Heiberger, Kendra Kattelmann
The purpose of this study is to determine the availability of "more healthful" (MH) versus "less healthful" (LH) entrée items in the campus dining and if students' purchases are reflective of what is offered. This is an observational study in which purchases of the available entrée items in the campus dining at South Dakota State University in one academic year were collected and categorized as either MH or LH according to the American Heart Association guidelines. Chi-square tests were used to determine the differences between the proportion of purchased MH and LH versus those available...
March 22, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Lancer A Scott, Layne A Madden, Amy E Wahlquist, Daniel W Fisher
Purpose Clinical disaster medicine requires providers working collaboratively to care for multiple patients, yet many clinicians lack competency-based training. A 5-hour emergency preparedness training (EPT) curriculum was created using didactics, small group discussion, and scenario-based learning. The goal was to evaluate the effect of a short course on improving clinical-provider knowledge, confidence and skill. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a medical university between 2011 and 2014...
February 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Maika Natsume, Kiyotaka Watanabe, Satoko Matsumoto, Daisuke Naruge, Kazuhiko Hayashi, Junji Furuse, Masafumi Kawamura, Hiromitsu Jinno, Keiji Sano, Ryoji Fukushima, Gakuji Osawa, Etsuko Aruga, Yojiro Hashiguchi, Atsushi Tanaka, Hajime Takikawa, Nobuhiko Seki
BACKGROUND: It is important for cancer patients to receive end-of-life care at the desired place. OBJECTIVE: To identify issues in selection of place for end-of-life care of cancer patients to realize their optimal survivorship. DESIGN AND SETTING: Between September 2015 and January 2016, a questionnaire consisting of 33 items, including end-of-life care place preferences, was administered to cancer patients who attended three university hospitals in Japan...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Tharangrut Hanprasertpong, Kasem Raungrongmorakot, Alan Geater, Pawin Puapornpong, Wipada Laosooksathit, Aurasa Hemachandra, Maysita Suksamarnwong
Thalassaemia is a common haematologic health condition in Southeast Asian countries (SEA) including Thailand. Reducing the birth of new thalassaemia cases is an effective method to control disease. The background level of knowledge and attitude of pregnant women on the disease influences their decision to perform antenatal screening. Unfortunately, the information about pregnant women's knowledge and attitude on antenatal thalassaemia screening in a developing country such as Thailand is lacking. We therefore conducted this cross-sectional study to examine patients' knowledge and to evaluate the factors which influence the patient's knowledge and attitude on antenatal thalassaemia screening...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Zenaida Vazquez-Ruiz, Carmen De la Fuente-Arrillaga, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Itziar Zazpe, Susana Santiago, Cristina Razquin, Estefanía Toledo, Miguel Ángel Martinez-Gonzalez
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to prospectively evaluate the association between egg consumption and dyslipidemia in a Mediterranean cohort. METHODS: We followed-up 13,104 Spanish university graduates for a mean period of 8 years. Dietary habits at baseline were assessed using a validated semi-quantitative 136-item food-frequency questionnaire. Self-reported blood concentrations of total cholesterol, high-density lipoproteins cholesterol (HDL-c) and triglycerides were evaluated according to categories of egg consumption after 6 and 8 years of follow-up...
January 12, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Masoomeh Heidary, Naser Honar, Maryam Ataollahi, Homa Ilkanipour, Hossein Moravej
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate nutritional status in children without prior hospital admission or evidence of chronic disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The current study is a cross-sectional and observational study which was conducted for assessing the nutritional status of children. In this study, consecutive sampling was used, with a sample size about 400 children aged 6 months to 18 years at first hospital admission. All subjects were hospitalized consecutively in the Pediatric Emergency Department of the Nemazee Teaching Hospital of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran)...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Bianca Abreu Dos Santos de Oliveira, Elenir Rose Jardim Cury Pontes, Teresa Cristina Abranches Rosa
INTRODUCTION: Patients in intensive care status are in nutritional threat and frequently present innutrition, therefore monitoring the nutritional offer becomes indispensable. AIM: To purpose a control and monitoring form of enteral nutritional therapy and to evaluate its resoluteness. METHODS: Observational, analytical and retrospective study performed in intensive care patients receiving an enteral diet exclusively and/or associated with the oral/parenteral route, from January to April 2015 and from January to April 2016...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
C S Dias, J M Tavares, N A M Araújo, M M Telo da Gama
Low-density networks of molecules or colloids are formed at low temperatures when the interparticle interactions are valence limited. Prototypical examples are networks of patchy particles, where the limited valence results from highly directional pairwise interactions. We combine extensive Langevin simulations and Wertheim's theory of association to study these networks. We find a scale-free (relaxation) dynamics within the liquid-gas coexistence region, which differs from that usually observed for isotropic particles...
March 22, 2018: Soft Matter
A Kirolos, C Waugh, K Templeton, D McCormick, R Othieno, L J Willocks, J Stevenson
In September 2016, an imported case of measles in Edinburgh in a university student resulted in a further 17 confirmed cases during October and November 2016. All cases were genotype D8 and were associated with a virus strain most commonly seen in South East Asia. Twelve of the 18 cases were staff or students at a university in Edinburgh and 17 cases had incomplete or unknown measles mumps rubella (MMR) vaccination status. The public health response included mass follow-up of all identified contacts, widespread communications throughout universities in Edinburgh and prompt vaccination clinics at affected campuses...
March 22, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Sergei N Drachev, Tormod Brenn, Tordis A Trovik
The objective was to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with dental anxiety (DA) in medical and dental students in North-West Russia. This cross-sectional study included 422 medical and 285 dental undergraduate Russian students aged 18-25 years from the Northern State Medical University in Arkhangelsk. Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was applied to measure DA. Information on socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors, oral health behaviour and general and oral health was obtained from a structured, self-administered questionnaire...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Brad Bolman
Cold War curiosities about the dangers of radiation generated significant funding for an array of biomedical projects as enticing as they were unpredictable, introducing newly standardized experimental animals into laboratories and a novel merging of scientific disciplines. The desire to understand radiation's effects on human longevity spurred a multi-sited, multi-decade project that subjected beagle dogs to varying degrees of irradiation. One of those laboratories, located at the southern tip of the campus of the University of California, Davis, eventually hosted an elaborate experimental breeding kennel and a population of 'control' dogs that set new milestones for canine longevity...
March 1, 2018: Social Studies of Science
M Cabrero-de Cabo, J M Ramos-Rincón, M Górgolas-Hernández Mora
OBJECTIVE: The teaching of tropical medicine, international health or global health in the Spanish Schools of Medicine and Pharmacy is unknown. The objective of this study is to show a current overview of teaching in degree and post-graduate. METHODS: The curricula are reviewed, identifying those subjects and postgraduate courses with the denomination "Tropical Medicine", "International Health", "Global Health" or "Imported Diseases"...
March 20, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
Mei-Chun Chen, Wan-Yu Chen, Wan-Yu Tsui, Guey-Ling Chang, Ming-Ying Hong
BACKGROUND & PROBLEMS: The return-to-treatment rate is an important indicator of treatment outcome and care effectiveness in cancer patients. The return-to-treatment rates for patients at National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH) in 2011 and 2012 were 38.5% and 33.3%, respectively. In order to improve the quality of care that is provided to patients, we reviewed NTUH's current clinical case management protocols for handling patients who refused treatment and then identified and resolved the potential problems in these protocols...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Pan-Wei Mu, De-Zhao Liu, Ying Lin, Dong Liu, Fan Zhang, Yong-Jun Zhang, Shuo Lin, Lin-Qin Wang, Man-Man Wang, Jiong Shu, Long-Yi Zeng, Yan-Ming Chen
INTRODUCTION: Basal insulin is widely recommended for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients who are unable to achieve glycemic control with oral antidiabetic drug(s) (OADs). However, some patients are still unable to control their blood glucose levels even when on basal insulin-supported OAD(s) therapy (BOT). The aim of this study was to investigate the factor(s) predicting patient response to BOT. METHODS: A total of 212 patients with T2DM, ranging in age from 18 to 65 years, admitted to the university hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China, were enrolled in the study between January 2013 and July 2016...
March 21, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
Adam Destrampe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
T Mizumoto, T Hiyama, S Oka, N Yorita, K Kuroki, M Kurihara, Y Yoshifuku, Y Sanomura, Y Urabe, Y Murakami, K Arihiro, S Tanaka, K Chayama
BACKGROUND: According to the Japanese Esophageal Society (JES) guidelines, risk factors for lymph node (LN) metastasis in the muscularis mucosa (MM)/submucosa to a depth of up to 200 μm (SM1) in cases of esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs) include the presence of lymphatic invasion (ly), venous invasion (v), infiltration pattern (INF)c, and SM1. The long-term prognoses of these patients are unclear, and there are very few reports on the validation of the curative criteria for MM/SM1 ESCCs...
March 21, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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