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Motor vehicle traffic accident

Hiroaki Itoh, Kazuhito Yokoyama, Takehisa Matsukawa, Fumihiko Kitamura
BACKGROUND: Whether physical activity reduces the risk of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) for non-obese people remains unclear. The present cross-sectional study examined the association between physical activity and SDB among non-obese male Japanese workers. METHODS: All 200 workers in a company in Tokyo, Japan, who drove a motor vehicle as part of their job, were invited to be screened for SDB to prevent traffic accidents. Of these, 195 agreed to participate in this study...
January 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Dinesh M Fernando, Sampath U Tennakoon, Achini N Samaranayake, Medhani Wickramasinghe
The mortality and morbidity of road traffic accidents (RTA) is increasing in the South Asian region, including Sri Lanka. Therefore, the demographic factors, types of vehicles involved, and the severity of injuries sustained in RTA was studied. Age, gender, and details of the incident of all patients admitted to hospital following a RTA, between January 2007 and August 2012, were obtained by interview. Following a medico-legal examination, the type and severity of injuries was categorized as, non-grievous, grievous, endangering life or fatal in the ordinary course of nature...
December 26, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Ann Liu, Sutyajeet I Soneja, Chengsheng Jiang, Chanjuan Huang, Timothy Kerns, Kenneth Beck, Clifford Mitchell, Amir Sapkota
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown increased precipitation to be associated with higher frequency of traffic collisions. However, data regarding how extreme weather events, projected to grow in frequency, intensity, and duration in response to a changing climate, might affect the risk of motor vehicle collisions is particularly limited. We investigated the association between frequency of extreme heat and precipitation events and risk of motor vehicle collision in Maryland between 2000 and 2012...
December 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
L Huang, K P Adhikary, B P Choulagai, N Wang, A K Poudyal, S R Onta
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic accident is alarming in Nepal. The objective of this research is to find out the characteristics of RTA in central part of Nepal. METHODS: A prospective descriptive study was taken from 1 August 2014 to 31 July 2015. Data were collected from postmortem department and nine hospitals in Kathmandu Valley. Inventory sheets with targeted variables for secondary sources were created. RESULTS: A total of 3461 morbidity cases from hospitals and 265 mortality cases from postmortem department were included in this study...
July 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
Lucio Garcia de Oliveira, Carlos Vinícius Dias de Almeida, Lucia Pereira Barroso, Marcela Julio Cesar Gouvea, Daniel Romero Muñoz, Vilma Leyton
Abstract The mortality rate of traffic accidents (TA) is high in Brazil. Trucks are the second category of motor vehicles most often involved in TA. However, few studies have addressed the issue of TA among these professionals. The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of TA and their predictors in a sample of 684 truck drivers recruited in the state of São Paulo during 2012 and 2013. We requested participants to answer a research instrument on their personal and occupational data and their involvement in TA and traffic violations...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
David A Lombardi, William J Horrey, Theodore K Courtney
OBJECTIVE: Given the aging U.S. population and resulting number of older drivers in the coming years, it is important to understand the factors leading to their involvement in vehicle crashes and develop counter-measures to reduce their frequency and severity. This is also useful for helping older adults "age in place" in terms of accessibility, mobility, quality of life and safety. Thus, the objective of this study was to provide up-to-date data on differences in age-related risks and rates for involvement in fatal intersection motor-vehicle crashes in the US...
November 14, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Lars Uhrenholt
BACKGROUND: Bicyclists are vulnerable road users and are at risk of serious spinal injury if involved in traffic crashes. In Denmark approximately 25 bicyclists are killed each year and some 20.000 bicycle related casualties are registered in the National Patient Registry each year. In addition to these figures, a large number of casualties remain unregistered despite injury. Many of the casualties will consult chiropractors in primary practice with or without preceding evaluation in the established emergency care facilities...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Erfan Ayubi, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Leila Abedi, Alireza Zemestani, Louiz Amanati, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Naeema Syedi, Saeid Safiri
CONTEXT: Despite considerable attention given to health statistics of road traffic crashes (RTCs), the epidemiological aspects of injuries resulting from RTCs are not fully understood in Iran and other developing countries. The aim of this review was to study the epidemiological pattern and issues arising due to RTCs in Iran. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The scope of this study involves data from a broad range of published literature on RTCs in Iran. Data collection for this study was conducted by searching for keywords such as traffic accidents, traffic crashes, motorcycle accidents, motorcycle crashes, motorcycle injury, motor vehicle injury, motor vehicle crashes and motor vehicle accidents, Iran and Iranian in various databases such as Embase, PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Magiran, Iranian scientific information database (SID) and IranMedex...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Antti Kujansuu, Simo Rautiainen, Helinä Hakko, Juha Kanamüller, Niina Sihvola, Pirkko Riipinen
Relatively little is known about fatal motor vehicle accidents (FMVA) involving drivers with psychiatric disorders. In this study of all drivers killed in FMVAs in Finland between 1990 and 2011, we aimed to study drivers' death rate trends in FMVAs, with special focus on drivers with a history of psychiatric disorders. Prevalence of drivers' hospital treated psychiatric disorders, and characteristics of drivers with psychiatric disorders were also studied. For the purpose of this study, three national registers were accessed...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Chia-Ying Kuo, Hung-Yi Chiou, Jia-Wei Lin, Shin-Han Tsai, Mau-Roung Lin, Yung-Hsiao Chiang, Chien-Min Lin, Shu-Fen Chu, Tsan-Hon Liou, Wen-Ta Chiu
Objective Bicycle riding is increasingly popular in Taiwan, but the number of cyclists injured and cyclists' death rate are both increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate the different characteristics and clinical outcomes of traffic-accident related head injuries to cyclists in urban and rural areas. Methods Records of 812 patients (533 urban and 279 rural) admitted to 27 hospitals in Taipei City and Hualien County as the result of a traumatic head injury while bicycling between 1998 and 2013 were retrieved for study...
October 18, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Mazen J El Sayed, Hani Tamim, Aurelie Mailhac, N Clay Mann
BACKGROUND: Tourniquet use by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) can be life saving for severely injured patients. The adoption of this intervention is not well described in civilian settings. This study describes patterns and trends of tourniquet use by civilian EMS and identifies predictors of such use. METHODS: A retrospective study of four consecutive releases of the U.S. National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) public research dataset (2011-14) was conducted...
September 30, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
A J Gardner, R Zafonte
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant public-health concern. TBI is defined as an acute brain injury resulting from mechanical energy to the head from external physical forces. Some of the leading causes of TBI include falls, assaults, motor vehicle or traffic accidents, and sport-related concussion. Two of the most common identified risk factors are sex (males are nearly three times more likely to suffer a TBI than females); and a bimodal age pattern (persons 65 years and older, and children under 14 years old)...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Selma Marie Siddiqui, Sushma Sagar, Mahesh C Misra, Amit Gupta, Marie Crandall, Mamta Swaroop
BACKGROUND: Motorized two-wheelers (MTWs) such as scooters and motorcycles place drivers and passengers at significant risk of injury and death in the event of a road traffic accident. In India, where road traffic is poorly regulated and consists of vehicles ranging from semitrucks to animal carts, the MTW pillion rider (backseat passenger) is particularly vulnerable. Annually, approximately 140,000 Indians are injured or killed in MTW road traffic accidents. In 2011, the city of New Delhi renewed a mandatory helmet use exemption for its 8 million women...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Zachary Dezman, Luciano de Andrade, Joao Ricardo Vissoci, Deena El-Gabri, Abree Johnson, Jon Mark Hirshon, Catherine A Staton
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries are a leading killer of youth (aged 15-29) and are projected to be the 7th leading cause of death by 2030. To better understand road traffic crash locations and characteristics in the city of Baltimore, we used police and census data, to describe the epidemiology, hotspots, and modifiable risk factors involved to guide further interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on all crashes in Baltimore City from 2009 to 2013 were made available from the Maryland Automated Accident Reporting System...
September 3, 2016: Injury
Sun-Young Jung, Byungkwan Hwang, Bo Ram Yang, Ye-Jee Kim, Joongyub Lee
BACKGROUND: Medical conditions and medications may be associated with motor vehicle collisions (MVCs), which pose a major public health problem worldwide. Further epidemiological assessment is necessary for certain diseases and medications. Moreover, since disease aetiology and patterns of medication use may differ among ethnicities and healthcare systems, a population-specific approach is necessary. The present epidemiological study is designed to assess the medical conditions and medications associated with the risk of fatal MVCs among at-fault drivers in the Korean population...
September 5, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Gyanendra Singh, S N Sachdeva, Mahesh Pal
This work examines the application of M5 model tree and conventionally used fixed/random effect negative binomial (FENB/RENB) regression models for accident prediction on non-urban sections of highway in Haryana (India). Road accident data for a period of 2-6 years on different sections of 8 National and State Highways in Haryana was collected from police records. Data related to road geometry, traffic and road environment related variables was collected through field studies. Total two hundred and twenty two data points were gathered by dividing highways into sections with certain uniform geometric characteristics...
November 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
V A Fetisov, A A Gusarov, S A Smirenin
The present article deals with the problem of forensic medical diagnostics of the injuries inflicted inside the passenger car compartment during motor vehicle accidents. The authors place special emphasis on the fact of a significant increase in the number of road traffic accidents (RTA) with such consequences throughout the world. The modern automobile industry pays much attention to the enhancement of the car safety features by significantly improving the design of passenger compartments. It accounts for a change in the traditional character of the injuries to both the driver and the passengers resulting from motor vehicle accidents...
July 2016: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Thomas Skallebæk Buch, Søren Underlien Jensen
Accidents between right-turning motor vehicles and straight-ahead cyclists are one of the most common accident types leading to cyclist injuries at signalised junctions in Denmark. A before-after safety evaluation of applying staggered stop lines in 189 arms at 123 signalised junctions is presented. The evaluation accounts for long-term accident trends and changes in motor vehicle traffic volumes. Applying staggered stop lines gives no decline in accidents between right-turning motor vehicles and straight-ahead cyclists...
August 1, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Nina Verzosa, Rebecca Miles
Pedestrians are considered as one of the most vulnerable road users in less developed countries (LDCs). Yet, pedestrian safety remains poorly addressed in both urban and rural transportation plans in most LDCs. Since most pedestrian injury severity studies are conducted in developed countries, this study fills the gap with an inquiry focused on a highly urbanized region of an LDC that faces a rapid increase in car ownership and increasing pedestrian-related traffic injuries, documenting specific pedestrian safety issues and providing guidance for injury prevention measures in such places...
September 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Mohammadreza Mehmandar, Hamid Soori, Yadolah Mehrabi
BACKGROUND: Predicting the trend in traffic accidents deaths and its analysis can be a useful tool for planning and policy-making, conducting interventions appropriate with death trend, and taking the necessary actions required for controlling and preventing future occurrences. OBJECTIVE: Predicting and analyzing the trend of traffic accidents deaths in Iran in 2014 and 2015. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: It was a cross-sectional study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All the information related to fatal traffic accidents available in the database of Iran Legal Medicine Organization from 2004 to the end of 2013 were used to determine the change points (multi-variable time series analysis)...
April 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
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