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Motor vehicle traffic accident

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688797/burden-of-traffic-accidents-among-pedestrians-of-fars-province-southern-iran-estimate-of-years-of-life-lost-in-a-sample-of-iranian-population-from-2009-to-2013
#1
Yaser Sarikhani, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Saeed Gholamzadeh, Maryam Mazloom, Payam Peymani, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Reza Tabrizi, Maryam Akbari
PURPOSE: Traffic injuries are among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Pedestrians have been considered as a high-risk group among road users, especially in middle- or low-income communities. This study attempted to determine the burden of pedestrians' fatalities in Fars, the southern province of Iran using years of life lost (YLL) approach. METHODS: The data used in this study were retrieved from Fars Forensic Medicine Organization database on pedestrian traffic accidents...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647501/driving-simulators-in-the-clinical-assessment-of-fitness-to-drive-in-sleepy-individuals-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
David R Schreier, Christina Banks, Johannes Mathis
Road traffic injuries are projected to be the leading cause of death for those aged between 15 and 29 years by the year 2030, and sleepiness is estimated to be the underlying cause in up to 15-20% of all motor vehicle accidents. Sleepiness at the wheel is most often caused by socially induced sleep deprivation or poor sleep hygiene in otherwise healthy individuals, medical disorders, or the intake of drugs. Validated methods for objectifying sleepiness are urgently sought, particularly in the context of driving...
May 4, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622590/can-evolutionary-theory-explain-the-slow-development-of-knowledge-about-the-level-of-safety-built-into-roads
#3
Rune Elvik
In several papers, Hauer (1988, 1989, 2000a, 2000b, 2016) has argued that the level of safety built into roads is unpremeditated, i.e. not the result of decisions based on knowledge of the safety impacts of design standards. Hauer has pointed out that the development of knowledge about the level of safety built into roads has been slow and remains incomplete even today. Based on these observations, this paper asks whether evolutionary theory can contribute to explaining the slow development of knowledge. A key proposition of evolutionary theory is that knowledge is discovered through a process of learning-by-doing; it is not necessarily produced intentionally by means of research or development...
June 13, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617345/examining-associations-of-environmental-characteristics-with-recreational-cycling-behaviour-by-street-level-strava-data
#4
Yeran Sun, Yunyan Du, Yu Wang, Liyuan Zhuang
Policymakers pay much attention to effectively increasing frequency of people's cycling in the context of developing sustainable and green cities. Investigating associations of environmental characteristics and cycling behaviour could offer implications for changing urban infrastructure aiming at encouraging active travel. However, earlier examinations of associations between environmental characteristics and active travel behaviour are limited by low spatial granularity and coverage of traditional data. Crowdsourced geographic information offers an opportunity to determine the fine-grained travel patterns of people...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615044/comparison-of-transportation-related-injury-mechanisms-and-outcome-of-young-road-users-and-adult-road-users-a-retrospective-analysis-on-24-373-patients-derived-from-the-traumaregister-dgu-%C3%A2
#5
Thomas Brockamp, Uli Schmucker, Rolf Lefering, Manuel Mutschler, Arne Driessen, Christian Probst, Bertil Bouillon, Paola Koenen
BACKGROUND: Most young people killed in road crashes are known as vulnerable road users. A combination of physical and developmental immaturity as well as inexperience increases the risk of road traffic accidents with a high injury severity rate. Understanding injury mechanism and pattern in a group of young road users may reduce morbidity and mortality. This study analyzes injury patterns and outcomes of young road users compared to adult road users. The comparison takes into account different transportation related injury mechanisms...
June 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527382/global-burden-of-road-traffic-accidents-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis
#6
Boon Hong Ang, Won Sun Chen, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study aims to estimate the burden of road traffic accidents and death among older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted on 10 electronic databases for articles describing Road Traffic Accident(RTA) mortality in older adults until September 2016. A random-effects meta-regression analyses was conducted to estimate the pooled rates of road traffic accidents and death. RESULTS: A total 5018 studies were identified and 23 studies were included...
May 13, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506081/epidemiological-characteristics-of-chinese-paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-inpatients
#7
Yunming Li, Fuqin Chen, Junran Zhang, Gang Li, Xiaoguang Yang, Qiang Lu, Xun Xia, Xinyan Zhang, Jun Qiu, Junpeng Zhang, Jihong Zhou, Yongqin Kuang, Jianwen Gu
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of paediatric inpatients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in China. RESEARCH DESIGN: The Chinese Trauma Database (CTD), a nationwide register system based on hospital admission data, contains diagnosis and treatment information for trauma inpatients in over 200 military-managed public-service hospitals in China. Using the ICD-9 coding, the data for children with TBI aged 0-17 years between 2001 and 2007 were retrieved...
May 16, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459283/impact-of-improving-vehicle-front-design-on-the-burden-of-pedestrian-injuries-in-germany-usa-and-india
#8
Dane Moran, Dipan Bose, Kavi Bhalla
OBJECTIVE: European car design regulations and New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) ratings have led to reductions in pedestrian injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of improving vehicle front design on mortality and morbidity due to pedestrian injuries in a European country (Germany) and two countries, (USA, and India) that do not have pedestrian-focused NCAP testing or design regulations. METHODS: We used data from the International Road Traffic and Accident Database and the Global Burden of Disease project to estimate baseline pedestrian deaths and non-fatal injuries in each country in 2013...
May 1, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400667/epidemiology-of-lower-limb-musculoskeletal-trauma-with-associated-vascular-injuries-in-a-tertiary-care-institute-in-india
#9
Nirmal Raj Gopinathan, Siva Swaminathan Santhanam, Balaji Saibaba, Mandeep Singh Dhillon
BACKGROUND: Vascular trauma associated with bony injuries is an orthopaedic emergency. Lack of timely intervention can lead to loss of limb or even life. Inspite of the rising incidence of high speed road traffic accidents in India, there is paucity of literature regarding the demographic pattern, clinical morbidity, management strategies and outcome of arterial injuries associated with lower limb trauma. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiology and outcome of lower extremity musculoskeletal trauma with associated vascular injuries in a tertiary care institute in India...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385171/children-and-adolescents-admitted-to-a-university-level-trauma-centre-in-denmark-2002-2011
#10
Danny Stefan Ekström, Rasmus Hviid Larsen, Jens Martin Lauritsen, Christian Færgemann
INTRODUCTION: The epidemiology of children or adolescents admitted to a Scandinavian trauma centre is largely unknown. The aim of this paper was to describe the epi-demiology and severity of potentially severely injured children and adolescents admitted to a university hospital trauma centre. METHODS: This was a descriptive study of all children and adolescents aged 0-17 admitted to the university level trauma centre at Odense University Hospital, Denmark in the 2002-2011 period...
April 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365563/pedestrian-inattention-blindness-while-playing-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-as-an-emerging-health-risk-behavior-a-case-report
#11
Stefania Barbieri, Gianna Vettore, Vincenzo Pietrantonio, Rossella Snenghi, Alberto Tredese, Mauro Bergamini, Sara Previato, Armando Stefanati, Rosa Maria Gaudio, Paolo Feltracco
BACKGROUND: Cases of trauma resulting from the use of mobile phones while driving motor vehicles have become quite common in recent years. Road injuries incurred by people playing video games on mobile phones (or other media devices) while walking have also become a cause for concern. Pokémon Go has been the world's most popular game since it was launched in July 2016, with more than 15 million players trying to catch all Pokémon available in the game; however, the case detailed here is the first reported accident in the medical literature caused by a pedestrian distracted by the game while crossing a street...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262592/bilateral-asymmetrical-hip-dislocation-with-one-side-obturator-intra-pelvic-dislocation-case-report
#12
Abdullah Saad Abdulfattah Abdullah, Ayman Abdelhady, Abduljabbar Alhammoud
INTRODUCTION: Hip dislocations usually occur as a result of motor vehicle accidents and require high energy trauma. Bilateral hip dislocations are rare compared to unilateral ones. Most reported cases are asymmetrical simultaneous bilateral anterior and posterior dislocations. CASE PRESENTATION: This case report describes a 32years female passenger who was involved in road traffic accident and had bilateral asymmetrical hip dislocations with one side posterior and the other side obturator intra-pelvic dislocation...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166412/the-casualties-from-electric-bike-and-motorized-scooter-road-accidents
#13
Maya Siman-Tov, Irina Radomislensky, Israel Trauma Group, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe demographic and injury characteristics of hospitalized injured patients involved in e-bike and motorized scooter accidents at a national level in Israel divided by different road user groups: riders and pedestrians. METHODS: This was a retrospective study based on data from the National Trauma Registry, between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2015. All hospitalized casualties due to the involvement of an e-bike or motorized scooter were included...
April 3, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095031/the-role-of-drug-and-alcohol-use-and-the-risk-of-motor-vehicle-crashes-in-shiraz-iran-2014-a-case-crossover-study
#14
Narges Khanjani, Masoomeh Mousavi, Amirreza Dehghanian, Yunes Jahani, Hamid Souri
BACKGROUND: Traffic accidents and traffic-related injuries and mortality have become a major public health concern in Iran. This study aimed to examine the role of drug and alcohol use in motor vehicle accidents in Iran. METHODS: This case-crossover study was conducted on 441 drivers who survived a road traffic crash and were taken to the emergency department of Shahid Rajaee trauma hospital in Shiraz, southern Iran. Data were collected using checklists that included demographic characteristics and drug and alcohol use prior to driving...
August 18, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069061/association-between-physical-activity-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-male-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Hiroaki Itoh, Kazuhito Yokoyama, Takehisa Matsukawa, Fumihiko Kitamura
BACKGROUND: Whether physical activity reduces the risk of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) for non-obese people remains unclear. The present cross-sectional study examined the association between physical activity and SDB among non-obese male Japanese workers. METHODS: All 200 workers in a company in Tokyo, Japan, who drove a motor vehicle as part of their job, were invited to be screened for SDB to prevent traffic accidents. Of these, 195 agreed to participate in this study...
January 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019001/characteristics-of-road-traffic-accident-casualties-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-sri-lanka
#16
Dinesh M Fernando, Sampath U Tennakoon, Achini N Samaranayake, Medhani Wickramasinghe
The mortality and morbidity of road traffic accidents (RTA) is increasing in the South Asian region, including Sri Lanka. Therefore, the demographic factors, types of vehicles involved, and the severity of injuries sustained in RTA was studied. Age, gender, and details of the incident of all patients admitted to hospital following a RTA, between January 2007 and August 2012, were obtained by interview. Following a medico-legal examination, the type and severity of injuries was categorized as, non-grievous, grievous, endangering life or fatal in the ordinary course of nature...
March 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988189/frequency-of-extreme-weather-events-and-increased-risk-of-motor-vehicle-collision-in-maryland
#17
Ann Liu, Sutyajeet I Soneja, Chengsheng Jiang, Chanjuan Huang, Timothy Kerns, Kenneth Beck, Clifford Mitchell, Amir Sapkota
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown increased precipitation to be associated with higher frequency of traffic collisions. However, data regarding how extreme weather events, projected to grow in frequency, intensity, and duration in response to a changing climate, might affect the risk of motor vehicle collisions is particularly limited. We investigated the association between frequency of extreme heat and precipitation events and risk of motor vehicle collision in Maryland between 2000 and 2012...
February 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935914/road-traffic-accident-and-its-characteristics-in-kathmandu-valley
#18
L Huang, K P Adhikary, B P Choulagai, N Wang, A K Poudyal, S R Onta
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic accident is alarming in Nepal. The objective of this research is to find out the characteristics of RTA in central part of Nepal. METHODS: A prospective descriptive study was taken from 1 August 2014 to 31 July 2015. Data were collected from postmortem department and nine hospitals in Kathmandu Valley. Inventory sheets with targeted variables for secondary sources were created. RESULTS: A total of 3461 morbidity cases from hospitals and 265 mortality cases from postmortem department were included in this study...
July 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925116/truck-drivers-traffic-accidents-in-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-prevalence-and-predictors
#19
Lucio Garcia de Oliveira, Carlos Vinícius Dias de Almeida, Lucia Pereira Barroso, Marcela Julio Cesar Gouvea, Daniel Romero Muñoz, Vilma Leyton
Abstract The mortality rate of traffic accidents (TA) is high in Brazil. Trucks are the second category of motor vehicles most often involved in TA. However, few studies have addressed the issue of TA among these professionals. The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of TA and their predictors in a sample of 684 truck drivers recruited in the state of São Paulo during 2012 and 2013. We requested participants to answer a research instrument on their personal and occupational data and their involvement in TA and traffic violations...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855312/age-related-differences-in-fatal-intersection-crashes-in-the-united-states
#20
David A Lombardi, William J Horrey, Theodore K Courtney
OBJECTIVE: Given the aging U.S. population and resulting number of older drivers in the coming years, it is important to understand the factors leading to their involvement in vehicle crashes and develop counter-measures to reduce their frequency and severity. This is also useful for helping older adults "age in place" in terms of accessibility, mobility, quality of life and safety. Thus, the objective of this study was to provide up-to-date data on differences in age-related risks and rates for involvement in fatal intersection motor-vehicle crashes in the US...
February 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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