keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Motor vehicle traffic accident

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142380/epidemiological-study-of-patients-of-road-traffic-injuries-attending-emergency-department-of-a-trauma-center-in-new-delhi
#1
Puneet Misra, Anindo Majumdar, Mahesh Chandra Misra, Shashi Kant, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar
Background and Aims: There is paucity of data regarding some of the lesser known contextual and epidemiological factors with respect to road traffic injuries (RTIs). The objective was to study the epidemiological profile of RTI victims attending an emergency department of a tertiary care trauma center. Methods: The present study was a hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted in the emergency department of a tertiary care trauma center in New Delhi. All patients of RTI attending the emergency department during the designated data collection days were included in the study...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127893/traumatic-fatal-aortic-rupture-in-motorcycle-drivers
#2
Guido Pelletti, Giovanni Cecchetto, Alessia Viero, Maria De Matteis, Guido Viel, Massimo Montisci
Traumatic fatal aortic rupture (FAR) is a common finding in victims of motor vehicle crashes (MVC), but its aetiology and mechanisms of production remain an issue of major concern, above all in motorcyclists. This study reports a series of cases obtained from a retrospective analysis of traumatic FARs occurring in motorcycle drivers, with the aim of defining the injury patterns and correlating them with the mechanisms of FAR production. Circumstantial, autopsy and histology data were collected through a retrospective analysis of post mortem examinations performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University of Padova between 2014 and 2016...
November 6, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122803/a-population-based-case-control-study-of-hospitalisation-due-to-head-injuries-among-bicyclists-and-motorcyclists-in-taiwan
#3
Chih-Wei Pai, Yi-Chu Chen, Hsiao-Yu Lin, Ping-Ling Chen
INTRODUCTION: According to official statistics in Taiwan, the main body region of injury causing bicyclist deaths is the head, and bicyclists are 2.6 times more likely to be fatally injured than motorcyclists. There is currently a national helmet law for motorcyclists but not for bicyclists. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to determine whether bicyclist casualties have higher odds of head-related hospitalisation than motorcyclists. This study also aims to investigate the determinants of head injury-related hospitalisation among bicyclists and motorcyclists...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089165/a-case-of-intrauterine-lethal-fetal-injury-after-attempted-suicide-of-the-mother
#4
Lucia Tattoli, Giancarlo Di Vella, Biagio Solarino
Traumatic injuries in pregnancy such as abdominal trauma, pelvic fractures and penetrating trauma are major causes of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The most common causes of trauma during pregnancy are motor vehicle accidents, falls, assaults, gunshots, and burns. Pregnancy itself has been identified as a risk factor for trauma, together with a younger age, drug use, alcohol use, and domestic violence. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman, 34 weeks pregnant, who attempted suicide by jumping from a flyover, immediately after a probably deliberate traffic collision with the guardrail...
October 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082864/fitness-to-drive-in-cardiovascular-disease
#5
Hermann H Klein, Udo Sechtem, Hans-Joachim Trappe
BACKGROUND: Medical students are taught little or nothing about the medical considerations related to the driving of motor vehicles. Physicians treating patients with cardiovascular disease need to acquire competence in traffic medicine in order to be able to advise them about their fitness to drive. METHODS: We present the current governmental regulations and recommendations concerning fitness to drive in patients with cardiovascular disease. We also review pertinent publications that were retrieved by a selective search in PubMed with the search terms "cardiovascular disease and traffic accidents" and "cardiovascular disease and traffic deaths" for the decade 2007-2016, as well as further publications collected by us individually...
October 13, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042520/-epilepsy-and-driving
#6
Shunsuke Takagi, Masato Matsuura
In Japan, the Road Traffic Act was amended in 2013, and the revision was enacted in 2014. This revision includes new rules such as the requirement that a driver declare medical conditions on licensing, with a penalty for false statements. There is also a new voluntary notification system that enables doctors to report unlawful drivers. At the same time, the new Criminal Law Act was enacted. This act provides a penalty for causing death or injury to other persons by driving under the influence of specific drugs or diseases, including epilepsy...
October 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958002/risk-of-motor-vehicle-accidents-related-to-sleepiness-at-the-wheel-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Stéphanie Bioulac, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud Franchi, Mickael Arnaud, Patricia Sagaspe, Nicholas Moore, Francesco Salvo, Pierre Philip
Study objectives: Sleepiness at the wheel is widely believed to be a cause of motor vehicle accidents. Nevertheless, a systematic review of studies investigating this relationship has not yet been published. The objective of this study was to quantify the relationship between sleepiness at the wheel and motor vehicle accidents. Methods: A systematic review was performed using Medline, Scopus and ISI Web of Science. The outcome measure of interest was motor vehicle accident defined as involving four or two wheeled vehicles in road traffic, professional and non-professional drivers, with or without objective consequences...
July 28, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926804/name-that-tune-mitigation-of-driver-fatigue-via-a-song-naming-game
#8
Michael C Trumbo, Aaron P Jones, Charles S H Robinson, Kerstan Cole, James D Morrow
Fatigued driving contributes to a substantial number of motor vehicle accidents each year. Music listening is often employed as a countermeasure during driving in order to mitigate the effects of fatigue. Though music listening has been established as a distractor in the sense that it increases cognitive load during driving, it is possible that increased cognitive load is desirable under particular circumstances. For instance, during situations that typically result in cognitive underload, such as driving in a low-traffic monotonous stretch of highway, it may be beneficial for cognitive load to increase, thereby necessitating allocation of greater cognitive resources to the task of driving and attenuating fatigue...
November 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892659/a-new-insight-on-the-risky-behavior-of-motorists-at-railway-level-crossings-an-observational-field-study
#9
Ci Liang, Mohamed Ghazel, Olivier Cazier, El-Miloudi El-Koursi
Accidents at railway level crossings (LXs) give rise to serious material and human damage. Particularly, collisions between trains and motorized vehicles are the most critical accidents occurring at LXs. It is worth noticing that violations committed by vehicle drivers are the primary cause of such accidents. The present study is a tentative to acquire a better understanding of risky behavior of vehicle drivers while crossing LXs during the closure cycle. Namely, risk analysis based on field measurement conducted at four automated LXs with two half barriers is performed...
November 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841409/cannabis-and-crash-responsibility-while-driving-below-the-alcohol-per-se-legal-limit
#10
Eduardo Romano, Robert B Voas, Bayliss Camp
There is a growing interest in how extensively the use of marijuana by drivers relates to crash involvement. While cognitive, lab-based studies are consistent in showing that the use of cannabis impairs driving tasks, epidemiological, field-based studies have been inconclusive regarding whether cannabis use causes an increased risk of accidents. There is ample evidence that the presence of cannabis among drivers with a BAC≥0.08g/dL highly increases the likelihood of a motor vehicle crash. Less clear, however, is the contribution of cannabis to crash risk when drivers have consumed very little or no alcohol...
November 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777673/high-risk-driving-behaviors-among-12th-grade-students-differences-between-alcohol-only-and-alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drink-users
#11
Ronald D Williams, Jeff M Housman, Conrad L Woolsey, Thomas E Sather
BACKGROUND: About 30% of high school students use energy drinks. Alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) has been associated with higher rates of risky driving among college students. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to: (a) examine AmED-use in a sample of high school students and (b) to specifically investigate differences in risky driving behaviors between 12th grade students who engaged in AmED-use and those who consumed alcohol only. METHODS: Differences in risky driving behaviors were investigated by utilizing secondary data analyses of nationally representative data from the Monitoring the Future Study (N = 1305)...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688797/burden-of-traffic-accidents-among-pedestrians-of-fars-province-southern-iran-estimate-of-years-of-life-lost-in-a-sample-of-iranian-population-from-2009-to-2013
#12
Yaser Sarikhani, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Saeed Gholamzadeh, Maryam Mazloom, Payam Peymani, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Reza Tabrizi, Maryam Akbari
PURPOSE: Traffic injuries are among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Pedestrians have been considered as a high-risk group among road users, especially in middle- or low-income communities. This study attempted to determine the burden of pedestrians' fatalities in Fars, the southern province of Iran using years of life lost (YLL) approach. METHODS: The data used in this study were retrieved from Fars Forensic Medicine Organization database on pedestrian traffic accidents...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647501/driving-simulators-in-the-clinical-assessment-of-fitness-to-drive-in-sleepy-individuals-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
David R Schreier, Christina Banks, Johannes Mathis
Road traffic injuries are projected to be the leading cause of death for those aged between 15 and 29 years by the year 2030, and sleepiness is estimated to be the underlying cause in up to 15-20% of all motor vehicle accidents. Sleepiness at the wheel is most often caused by socially induced sleep deprivation or poor sleep hygiene in otherwise healthy individuals, medical disorders, or the intake of drugs. Validated methods for objectifying sleepiness are urgently sought, particularly in the context of driving...
May 4, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622590/can-evolutionary-theory-explain-the-slow-development-of-knowledge-about-the-level-of-safety-built-into-roads
#14
Rune Elvik
In several papers, Hauer (1988, 1989, 2000a, 2000b, 2016) has argued that the level of safety built into roads is unpremeditated, i.e. not the result of decisions based on knowledge of the safety impacts of design standards. Hauer has pointed out that the development of knowledge about the level of safety built into roads has been slow and remains incomplete even today. Based on these observations, this paper asks whether evolutionary theory can contribute to explaining the slow development of knowledge. A key proposition of evolutionary theory is that knowledge is discovered through a process of learning-by-doing; it is not necessarily produced intentionally by means of research or development...
June 13, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617345/examining-associations-of-environmental-characteristics-with-recreational-cycling-behaviour-by-street-level-strava-data
#15
Yeran Sun, Yunyan Du, Yu Wang, Liyuan Zhuang
Policymakers pay much attention to effectively increasing frequency of people's cycling in the context of developing sustainable and green cities. Investigating associations of environmental characteristics and cycling behaviour could offer implications for changing urban infrastructure aiming at encouraging active travel. However, earlier examinations of associations between environmental characteristics and active travel behaviour are limited by low spatial granularity and coverage of traditional data. Crowdsourced geographic information offers an opportunity to determine the fine-grained travel patterns of people...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615044/comparison-of-transportation-related-injury-mechanisms-and-outcome-of-young-road-users-and-adult-road-users-a-retrospective-analysis-on-24-373-patients-derived-from-the-traumaregister-dgu-%C3%A2
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Thomas Brockamp, Uli Schmucker, Rolf Lefering, Manuel Mutschler, Arne Driessen, Christian Probst, Bertil Bouillon, Paola Koenen
BACKGROUND: Most young people killed in road crashes are known as vulnerable road users. A combination of physical and developmental immaturity as well as inexperience increases the risk of road traffic accidents with a high injury severity rate. Understanding injury mechanism and pattern in a group of young road users may reduce morbidity and mortality. This study analyzes injury patterns and outcomes of young road users compared to adult road users. The comparison takes into account different transportation related injury mechanisms...
June 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527382/global-burden-of-road-traffic-accidents-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis
#17
Boon Hong Ang, Won Sun Chen, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study aims to estimate the burden of road traffic accidents and death among older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted on 10 electronic databases for articles describing Road Traffic Accident(RTA) mortality in older adults until September 2016. A random-effects meta-regression analyses was conducted to estimate the pooled rates of road traffic accidents and death. RESULTS: A total 5018 studies were identified and 23 studies were included...
September 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506081/epidemiological-characteristics-of-chinese-paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-inpatients
#18
Yunming Li, Fuqin Chen, Junran Zhang, Gang Li, Xiaoguang Yang, Qiang Lu, Xun Xia, Xinyan Zhang, Jun Qiu, Junpeng Zhang, Jihong Zhou, Yongqin Kuang, Jianwen Gu
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of paediatric inpatients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in China. RESEARCH DESIGN: The Chinese Trauma Database (CTD), a nationwide register system based on hospital admission data, contains diagnosis and treatment information for trauma inpatients in over 200 military-managed public-service hospitals in China. Using the ICD-9 coding, the data for children with TBI aged 0-17 years between 2001 and 2007 were retrieved...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459283/impact-of-improving-vehicle-front-design-on-the-burden-of-pedestrian-injuries-in-germany-the-united-states-and-india
#19
Dane Moran, Dipan Bose, Kavi Bhalla
OBJECTIVE: European car design regulations and New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) ratings have led to reductions in pedestrian injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of improving vehicle front design on mortality and morbidity due to pedestrian injuries in a European country (Germany) and 2 countries (the United States and India) that do not have pedestrian-focused NCAP testing or design regulations. METHODS: We used data from the International Road Traffic and Accident Database and the Global Burden of Disease project to estimate baseline pedestrian deaths and nonfatal injuries in each country in 2013...
November 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400667/epidemiology-of-lower-limb-musculoskeletal-trauma-with-associated-vascular-injuries-in-a-tertiary-care-institute-in-india
#20
Nirmal Raj Gopinathan, Siva Swaminathan Santhanam, Balaji Saibaba, Mandeep Singh Dhillon
BACKGROUND: Vascular trauma associated with bony injuries is an orthopaedic emergency. Lack of timely intervention can lead to loss of limb or even life. Inspite of the rising incidence of high speed road traffic accidents in India, there is paucity of literature regarding the demographic pattern, clinical morbidity, management strategies and outcome of arterial injuries associated with lower limb trauma. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiology and outcome of lower extremity musculoskeletal trauma with associated vascular injuries in a tertiary care institute in India...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
keyword
keyword
22492
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"