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Motor vehicle traffic accident

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675071/pediatric-head-injury-a-study-of-403-cases-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-a-developing-country
#1
Abrar Ahad Wani, Arif Hussain Sarmast, Muzaffar Ahangar, Nayil Khursheed Malik, Sarabjit Singh Chhibber, Sajad Hussain Arif, Altaf Umar Ramzan, Bashir Ahmed Dar, Zulfiqar Ali
Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Falls are the most common type of injury, followed by motor vehicle-related accidents and child abuse. Aims and Objectives: The aim and objective of this study was to elucidate the various modes of injury, prognostic factors, complications, incidence of various modes of injury, and outcome in TBI in pediatric population. Materials and Methods: Patients with TBI, 18 years or less in age, managed in our Department of Neurosurgery, over a period of 2 years, were studied prospectively...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656076/is-improved-lane-keeping-during-cognitive-load-caused-by-increased-physical-arousal-or-gaze-concentration-toward-the-road-center
#2
Penghui Li, Gustav Markkula, Yibing Li, Natasha Merat
Driver distraction is one of the main causes of motor-vehicle accidents. However, the impact on traffic safety of tasks that impose cognitive (non-visual) distraction remains debated. One particularly intriguing finding is that cognitive load seems to improve lane keeping performance, most often quantified as reduced standard deviation of lateral position (SDLP). The main competing hypotheses, supported by current empirical evidence, suggest that cognitive load improves lane keeping via either increased physical arousal, or higher gaze concentration toward the road center, but views are mixed regarding if, and how, these possible mediators influence lane keeping performance...
April 12, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626543/exploring-rainfall-impacts-on-the-crash-risk-on-texas-roadways-a-crash-based-matched-pairs-analysis-approach
#3
Ehsan Omranian, Hatim Sharif, Samer Dessouky, Jose Weissmann
Interaction between adverse weather conditions and motor vehicle crashes is an important topic for traffic engineers and hydrometeorologists. With the recent availability of high resolution precipitation products (hourly, 4 × 4 km), it is possible to evaluate crash risk during rainfall events more accurately. Texas, the second largest state in the U.S., with a relatively high population density in its eastern part that receives significant rainfall from tropical events, experiences many hazardous traffic conditions every year...
April 4, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584502/an-insight-of-world-health-organization-who-accident-database-by-cluster-analysis-with-self-organizing-map-som
#4
Chinmoy Pal, Shigeru Hirayama, Sangolla Narahari, Manoharan Jeyabharath, Gopinath Prakash, Vimalathithan Kulothungan
OBJECTIVE: Road crashes are increasing every year in low- and middle-income countries compared to high-income countries, which show decreasing trends. One theory may be because of differences in enforcement of laws, vehicle safety, road standards, and many other factors. A detailed review was made of 5 death trends (total number of deaths/100,000 population and percentages of 4-wheeler, pedestrian, motorized 2/3-wheeler, bicyclist) and the underlying patterns in different countries and regions across the world...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571167/the-association-between-type-of-spine-fracture-and-the-mechanism-of-trauma-a-useful-tool-for-identifying-mechanism-of-trauma-on-legal-medicine-field
#5
Kamran Aghakhani, Roya Kordrostami, Azadeh Memarian, Nahid Dadashzadeh Asl, Fatemeh Noorian Zavareh
BACKGROUND: Determining the association between mechanism of trauma, and the type of spine column fracture is a useful approach for exactly describing spine injury on forensic medicine field. We aimed to determine mechanism of trauma based on distribution of the transition of spinal column fractures. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was performed on 117 consecutive patients with the history of spinal trauma who were admitted to emergency ward of Rasoul-e-Akram Hospital in Tehran, Iran from April 2015 to March 2016...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538425/the-effect-of-concentric-constriction-of-the-visual-field-to-10-and-15-degrees-on-simulated-motor-vehicle-accidents
#6
Sachiko Udagawa, Shinji Ohkubo, Aiko Iwase, Yuto Susuki, Shiho Kunimatsu-Sanuki, Takeo Fukuchi, Chota Matsumoto, Yuko Ohno, Hiroshi Ono, Kazuhisa Sugiyama, Makoto Araie
PURPOSE: Traffic accidents are associated with the visual function of drivers, as well as many other factors. Driving simulator systems have the advantage of controlling for traffic- and automobile-related conditions, and using pinhole glasses can control the degree of concentric concentration of the visual field. We evaluated the effect of concentric constriction of the visual field on automobile driving, using driving simulator tests. METHODS: Subjects meeting criteria for normal eyesight were included in the study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514345/military-trauma-and-surgical-procedures-in-conflict-area-a-review-for-the-utilization-of-forward-surgical-team
#7
Yi-Ling Cai, Jin-Tao Ju, Wen-Bao Liu, Jian Zhang
Introduction: Forward surgical teams (FSTs) have been used as highly mobile surgical facilities that provide "damage control" medical support in modern wars. FST regiments differ greatly in different armed services and nations. We systemically reviewed the utilization of FSTs around the world with an emphasis on the medical conditions and workloads encountered by FSTs in modern wars. Materials and Methods: We searched for terms related to FSTs, such as "Forward Surgical Team" and "Field Surgical Team," in the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and MEDLINE databases and collected any articles that provided numerical data on the organization of medical personnel combat casualty characteristics, including the casualty composition, injury types and locations, and mechanisms of injury, and surgical procedures performed...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477672/emotional-reactivity-beware-its-involvement-in-traffic-accidents
#8
Katia M'bailara, Thierry Atzeni, Benjamin Contrand, Cyrielle Derguy, Manuel-Pierre Bouvard, Emmanuel Lagarde, Cédric Galéra
BACKGROUND: Reducing risk attributable to traffic accidents is a public health challenge. Research into risk factors in the area is now moving towards identification of the psychological factors involved, particularly emotional states. The aim of this study was to evaluate the link between emotional reactivity and responsibility in road traffic accidents. We hypothesized that the more one's emotional reactivity is disturbed, the greater the likelihood of being responsible for a traffic accident...
April 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477460/impact-of-provincial-characteristics-on-the-number-of-traffic-accident-victims-on-interurban-roads-in-spain
#9
María Pilar Sánchez González, Francisco Escribano Sotos, Ángel Tejada Ponce
This study has two aims. The first is to determine how various factors impact on the number of fatalities, serious injuries and slight injuries adjusted for the level of traffic on interurban roads in Spain. The second is to establish the number of victims per million vehicle-kilometres (veh-km) travelled on interurban roads in each province resulting from the effect of its specific characteristics. To this end, we developed six fixed effect panel data models with panel corrected standard errors for the 1999-2015 period...
February 21, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456395/incidence-and-pattern-of-mandible-fractures-in-the-madinah-region-a-retrospective-study
#10
Mahmood Samman, Syed Waheed Ahmed, Hassan Beshir, Turki Almohammadi, Santosh R Patil
Objectives: The objective of the study is to study the incidence and pattern of mandible fractures in the holy city of Madinah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia over a retrospective period of 3 years from 2013 (1434H) to 2016 (1436H) and to compare the results with those from other regions of Saudi Arabia and elsewhere. Materials and Methods: Relevant data of patients admitted to the King Fahad Hospital, Madinah with a fracture of the mandible during the study were collected from their medical records and radiographs...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433071/applying-crash-data-to-injury-claims-an-investigation-of-determinant-factors-in-severe-motor-vehicle-accidents
#11
Darren Shannon, Finbarr Murphy, Martin Mullins, Julian Eggert
An extensive number of research studies have attempted to capture the factors that influence the severity of vehicle impacts. The high number of risks facing all traffic participants has led to a gradual increase in sophisticated data collection schemes linking crash characteristics to subsequent severity measures. This study serves as a departure from previous research by relating injuries suffered in road traffic accidents to expected trauma compensation payouts and deriving a quantitative cost function. Data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) Crash Injury Research (CIREN) database for the years 2005-2014 is combined with the Book of Quantum, an Irish governmental document that offers guidelines on the appropriate compensation to be awarded for injuries sustained in accidents...
April 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214322/road-traffic-accidents-in-children-the-what-how-and-why
#12
Yue Yen Lee, Eric Fang, Yanyi Weng, Sashikumar Ganapathy
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) in Singapore involving children were evaluated, with particular focus on the epidemiology, surrounding circumstances and outcomes of these accidents. Key factors associated with worse prognosis were identified. We proposed some measures that may be implemented to reduce the frequency and severity of such accidents. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of RTAs involving children aged 0-16 years who presented to the Children's Emergency at KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore, from January 2011 to June 2014...
December 7, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204022/impact-of-road-traffic-injury-to-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-in-southern-thailand
#13
Thara Tunthanathip, Nakornchai Phuenpathom
Background: Motor vehicle is a major transportation in Southern Thailand as the result of road traffic injury and death. Consequently, severe disability and mortality in pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) were observed from traffic accident, particularly motorcycle accident. To identify the risk of intracranial injury in children, the association of treatment outcome with various factors including mechanisms of injury, clinical characteristics, and intracranial pathology can be assessed...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185018/evaluation-of-resources-necessary-for-provision-of-trauma-care-in-botswana-an-initiative-for-a-local-system
#14
Michael B Mwandri, Timothy C Hardcastle
BACKGROUND: Developing countries face the highest incidence of trauma, and on the other hand, they do not have resources for mitigating the scourge of these injuries. The World Health Organization through the Essential Trauma Care (ETC) project provides recommendations for improving management of the injured and building up of systems that are effective in low-middle-income countries (LMICs). This study uses ETC project recommendations and other trauma-care guidelines to evaluate the current status of the resources and organizational structures necessary for optimal trauma care in Botswana; an African country with relatively good health facilities network, subsidized public hospital care and a functioning Motor Vehicle Accident fund covering road traffic collision victims...
November 28, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142380/epidemiological-study-of-patients-of-road-traffic-injuries-attending-emergency-department-of-a-trauma-center-in-new-delhi
#15
Puneet Misra, Anindo Majumdar, Mahesh Chandra Misra, Shashi Kant, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar
Background and Aims: There is paucity of data regarding some of the lesser known contextual and epidemiological factors with respect to road traffic injuries (RTIs). The objective was to study the epidemiological profile of RTI victims attending an emergency department of a tertiary care trauma center. Methods: The present study was a hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted in the emergency department of a tertiary care trauma center in New Delhi. All patients of RTI attending the emergency department during the designated data collection days were included in the study...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127893/traumatic-fatal-aortic-rupture-in-motorcycle-drivers
#16
Guido Pelletti, Giovanni Cecchetto, Alessia Viero, Maria De Matteis, Guido Viel, Massimo Montisci
Traumatic fatal aortic rupture (FAR) is a common finding in victims of motor vehicle crashes (MVC), but its aetiology and mechanisms of production remain an issue of major concern, above all in motorcyclists. This study reports a series of cases obtained from a retrospective analysis of traumatic FARs occurring in motorcycle drivers, with the aim of defining the injury patterns and correlating them with the mechanisms of FAR production. Circumstantial, autopsy and histology data were collected through a retrospective analysis of post mortem examinations performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University of Padova between 2014 and 2016...
December 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122803/a-population-based-case-control-study-of-hospitalisation-due-to-head-injuries-among-bicyclists-and-motorcyclists-in-taiwan
#17
Chih-Wei Pai, Yi-Chu Chen, Hsiao-Yu Lin, Ping-Ling Chen
INTRODUCTION: According to official statistics in Taiwan, the main body region of injury causing bicyclist deaths is the head, and bicyclists are 2.6 times more likely to be fatally injured than motorcyclists. There is currently a national helmet law for motorcyclists but not for bicyclists. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to determine whether bicyclist casualties have higher odds of head-related hospitalisation than motorcyclists. This study also aims to investigate the determinants of head injury-related hospitalisation among bicyclists and motorcyclists...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089165/a-case-of-intrauterine-lethal-fetal-injury-after-attempted-suicide-of-the-mother
#18
Lucia Tattoli, Giancarlo Di Vella, Biagio Solarino
Traumatic injuries in pregnancy such as abdominal trauma, pelvic fractures and penetrating trauma are major causes of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The most common causes of trauma during pregnancy are motor vehicle accidents, falls, assaults, gunshots, and burns. Pregnancy itself has been identified as a risk factor for trauma, together with a younger age, drug use, alcohol use, and domestic violence. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman, 34 weeks pregnant, who attempted suicide by jumping from a flyover, immediately after a probably deliberate traffic collision with the guardrail...
November 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082864/fitness-to-drive-in-cardiovascular-disease
#19
Hermann H Klein, Udo Sechtem, Hans-Joachim Trappe
BACKGROUND: Medical students are taught little or nothing about the medical considerations related to the driving of motor vehicles. Physicians treating patients with cardiovascular disease need to acquire competence in traffic medicine in order to be able to advise them about their fitness to drive. METHODS: We present the current governmental regulations and recommendations concerning fitness to drive in patients with cardiovascular disease. We also review pertinent publications that were retrieved by a selective search in PubMed with the search terms "cardiovascular disease and traffic accidents" and "cardiovascular disease and traffic deaths" for the decade 2007-2016, as well as further publications collected by us individually...
October 13, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042520/-epilepsy-and-driving
#20
Shunsuke Takagi, Masato Matsuura
In Japan, the Road Traffic Act was amended in 2013, and the revision was enacted in 2014. This revision includes new rules such as the requirement that a driver declare medical conditions on licensing, with a penalty for false statements. There is also a new voluntary notification system that enables doctors to report unlawful drivers. At the same time, the new Criminal Law Act was enacted. This act provides a penalty for causing death or injury to other persons by driving under the influence of specific drugs or diseases, including epilepsy...
October 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
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