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Patella tendon

C Belvedere, A Ensini, M d'Amato, P Barbadoro, A Leardini
PURPOSE: Physiological elongation and orientation of patellar tendon fibres are among the scopes of total knee arthroplasty, but little is known in the three dimensions. The study aims to assess in vitro these variations at the intact and replaced knee, with and without patellar resurfacing. It was hypothesised that fibre patterns differ before and after prosthesis implantation, and between specific prosthesis designs. It was also expected that patellar resurfacing would affect relevant results...
October 13, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
F Y Fisker, S Kildegaard, M Thygesen, K Grosen, M Pfeiffer-Jensen
CrossFit is a fitness program that has become increasingly popular in the Western world, but as in other sports, the risk of injury is present. Only a few studies have addressed health benefits and injuries in CrossFit. It is known that chronically overloaded tendons will thicken and increase the risk of tendinopathy. However, it remains unknown whether acute overload caused by strenuous, high-intensity exercise will exert changes in tendons and if these changes can be detected and described by ultrasonography...
October 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Thorsten M Seyler, Daniel N Bracey, Johannes F Plate, Mark O Lively, Sandeep Mannava, Thomas L Smith, Justin M Saul, Gary G Poehling, Mark E Van Dyke, Patrick W Whitlock
PURPOSE: To evaluate the biological, immunological, and biomechanical properties of a scaffold derived by architectural modification of a fresh-frozen porcine patella tendon using a decellularization protocol that combines physical, chemical, and enzymatic modalities. METHODS: Porcine patellar tendons were processed using a decellularization and oxidation protocol that combines physical, chemical, and enzymatic modalities. Scaffolds (n = 88) were compared with native tendons (n = 70) using histologic, structural (scanning electron microscopy, porosimetry, and tensile testing), biochemical (mass spectrometry, peracetic acid reduction, DNA quantification, alpha-galactosidase [α-gal] content), as well as in vitro immunologic (cytocompatibility, cytokine induction) and in vivo immunologic nonhuman primate analyses...
September 27, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Hiroshi Higuchi, Atsushi Kobayashi, Keiko Ikeda, Kazuhisa Hatayama, Sinya Yanagisawa, Kazuo Kato
This prospective pilot study investigated whether grafting β-tricalcium phosphate (B-TCP) into the bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB)-harvesting site after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction would accelerate bone and tendon regeneration in the grafted site. Overall, 19 patients agreed prospectively to undergo regular morphological and histological examinations of the B-TCP-grafted site. Postoperative radiographic, ultrasonographic, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations were performed to evaluate the grafted site at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Hesham Saleh, Stephen Yu, Jonathan Vigdorchik, Ran Schwarzkopf
AIM: To review and report functional outcomes, complications, and survivorship associated with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the treatment of post-traumatic arthritis (PTA). METHODS: We conducted a systematic review according to the PRISMA guidelines. We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, and SCOPUS in December 2015 for English-language clinical research studies, both prospective and retrospective, examining the use of TKA for the treatment of PTA. All relevant articles were accessed in full...
September 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Ismail Turkmen, Yavuz Saglam, Fatih Turkmensoy, Bahattin Kemah, Adnan Kara, Koray Unay
PURPOSE: Anterior knee pain (AKP) is one of the most common complications after tibia intramedullary surgery. We evaluated changes in patellar tendon length after tibia intramedullary nailing surgery using a transtendinous approach and assessed the importance of nail position in relation to the anterior tibial cortex and joint line. METHODS: Two surgeons blinded to patients' pain status measured both the knee Insall-Salvati and Caton-Deschamps indexes on 30° flexion lateral knee X-rays of 33 patients...
September 22, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Jason Capo, Daniel J Kaplan, David J Fralinger, Soterios Gyftopolous, Eric J Strauss, Laith M Jazrawi, Michael J Alaia
PURPOSE: To assess screw divergence when inserting an interference screw for a bone-patellar tendon-bone graft using an outside-in technique with a retrograde drill to create the femoral tunnel. METHODS: Ten cadaver specimens underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with a bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft, with 23-mm-deep tunnels created by a retrograde drill outside-in technique. Drilling angles were based on a previous study that established the optimal angles to recreate the anterior cruciate ligament footprint...
September 10, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Fabio Massimo Perrotta, Davide Astorri, Marcello Zappia, Alfonso Reginelli, Luca Brunese, Ennio Lubrano
The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) abnormalities at entheseal sites in patients with early psoriatic arthritis (PsA) naïve to traditional and biologic DMARDs and to compare the PDUS findings with clinical examination. PsA patients with early disease and naïve to traditional and biologic DMARDs were consecutively enrolled in this study. Patients underwent PDUS examination of the following bilateral entheseal sites: common extensor tendon at its insertion at the lateral humeral epicondyle; quadriceps tendon at its insertion at the superior pole of the patella; patellar tendon at its insertion at the tibial tuberosity; medial collateral ligament at its proximal insertion and Achilles tendon at its insertion at the calcaneus...
November 2016: Rheumatology International
Roberto Negrín, Jaime Duboy, Fernando Olavarría, Mauricio Wainer, Horacio Jimenez, Facundo Las Heras, Nicolas Reyes, Hugo Godoy
BACKGROUND: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) is the main restrictor of lateral shifting of the patella, contributing by 60 % in the first 20° flexion of the knee. MPFL reconstruction has been performed in order to restore the stability of the patella with good results.Lyophilized Gracilis tendon allograft (LGA) compared to Cryopreserved Gracilis tendon allograft (CGA) has a lower cost, does not require to maintain cooling chain or preparation. The purpose of this study is to compare the histological and biomechanical characteristics of an experimental model of reconstruction of the MPFL in porcine patellas with LGA versus CGA...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Li Yin, Tzu-Chieh Liao, Liu Yang, Christopher M Powers
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral malalignment associated with patella alta may cause pain and arthritis; because of this, the condition sometimes is treated surgically. Two common procedures are tibial tubercle distalization with or without patellar tendon tenodesis. However, the biomechanical consequences of these interventions for patella alta are not clearly understood. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We evaluated changes in patellofemoral joint contact mechanics after tibial tubercle distalization and tibial tubercle distalization combined with patella tendon tenodesis...
November 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
A A Salunke, A Chakraborty, J Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Bradley R Wasserman, Brian C Singh, Daniel J Kaplan, Maxwell Weinberg, Robert Meislin, Laith M Jazrawi, Eric J Strauss
PURPOSE: To determine when patients recover the ability to safely operate the brakes of an automobile after a right-knee anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). METHODS: A computerized driving simulator was used to determine braking ability after an isolated right-knee ACLR. Thirty healthy volunteers were tested at 1 visit to determine normal mean values, and 27 treatment subjects were tested at 1 week, 3 weeks, and 6 weeks after ACLR. Nine study subjects were treated with a patella tendon (BPTB) autograft, 9 were treated with a hamstring (HS) autograft, and 9 were treated with a tibialis anterior (TA) allograft...
August 25, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Hidenori Otsubo, Tomoaki Kamiya, Tomoyuki Suzuki, Miki Kuroda, Yasutoshi Ikeda, Takashi Matsumura, Toshihiko Yamashita
Rupture of the patellar tendon is an uncommon injury that requires acute surgical repair to restore the function of the knee. Multiple techniques for repair have been described in the literature. Complications with these repair techniques include rerupture and extensor lag caused by gap formation at the site of repair. Thus, many surgeons have suggested augmenting the standard repair. Several methods of augmentation have been described each with disadvantages. The purpose of this article was to present our case series of six patients with acute patella tendon ruptures treated by a novel procedure using strong sutures...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Arissara Iamaroon, Suwitcha Tamrongchote, Busara Sirivanasandha, Pathom Halilamien, Pisit Lertwanich, Sudkanoung Surachetpong, Paweenus Rungwattanakit
BACKGROUND: Adequate analgesia and early rehabilitation is necessary for arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (A CLR) surgery. OBJECTIVE: To compare analgesia and quadriceps strength after femoral nerve block (FNB) with intra-articular infiltration (IA) using 0.25% bupivacaine for ACLR with patella tendon graft. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Forty patients were randomized to receive FNB under ultrasound guidance with 20 mL of bupivacaine or IA with 15 mL of bupivacaine into the knee joint and 5 mL infiltrated along the incision sites including portal sites at the end of surgery...
May 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
David K Galos, Sanjit R Konda, Daniel J Kaplan, William E Ryan, Michael J Alaia
Extensor mechanism disruptions are relatively uncommon injuries involving injury to the quadriceps tendon, patella, or patellar tendon. Patellar tendon avulsions from the tibial tubercle in adults are rare; as such, little technical information has been written regarding surgical management of this injury in the adult. Transosseous-equivalent repairs have been described in the management of several types of tendon ruptures, including rotator cuff and distal triceps tendon ruptures, but not previously in patellar injuries...
April 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Pedro Debieux, Carlos E S Franciozi, Mário Lenza, Marcel Jun Tamaoki, Robert A Magnussen, Flávio Faloppa, João Carlos Belloti
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are frequently treated with surgical reconstruction with grafts, frequently patella tendon or hamstrings. Interference screws are often used to secure the graft in bone tunnels in the femur and tibia. This review examines whether bioabsorbable interference screws give better results than metal interference screws when used for graft fixation in ACL reconstruction. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of bioabsorbable versus metallic interference screws for graft fixation in ACL reconstruction...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Miho J Tanaka, Andreas Voss, John P Fulkerson
BACKGROUND: The medial patellofemoral ligament varies in attachment of its fibers to the patella and vastus intermedius tendon. Our aim was to identify and describe its anatomic midpoint. To account for the variability of the attachment site, we refer to it as the medial patellofemoral complex. METHODS: Using AutoCAD software, we identified the midpoint of the medial patellofemoral complex attachment on photographs of 31 cadaveric knee dissections. The midpoint was referenced relative to the superior articular surface of the patella (P1) and was described in terms of the percentage of the patellar articular length distal to this point...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
M J Callaghan, H Guney, N Reeves, D Bailey, K Doslikova, C Maganaris, R Hodgson, D T Felson
OBJECTIVE: To assess using weight bearing MRIs, whether a patellar brace altered patellar position and alignment in patellofemoral joint (PFJ) osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Subjects age 40-70 years old with symptomatic and a radiographic K-L evidence of PFJOA. Weight bearing knee MRIs with and without a patellar brace were obtained using an upright open 0.25 Tesla scanner (G-Scan, Easote Biomedica, Italy). Five aspects of patellar position were measured: mediolateral alignment by the bisect offset index, angulation by patellar tilt, patellar height by patellar height ratio (patellar length/patellar tendon length), lateral patellofemoral contact area and finally a measurement of patellofemoral bony separation of the lateral patellar facet and the adjacent surface on the femoral trochlea (Figure 1)...
July 15, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
I P Pengas, A Assiotis, W Khan, T Spalding
Extensor mechanism rupture is a serious event requiring prompt diagnosis and treatment. Patella fractures are reportedly six times more frequent than soft tissue injuries such as quadriceps or patella tendon ruptures. Classically quadriceps and patella tendon ruptures are seen more in males, with those over 40 predominantly suffering from quadriceps tendon ruptures, often associated with an underlying condition, whereas patella tendon ruptures are mostly associated with sport injuries and are commonly seen in the under 40s...
June 27, 2016: Injury
E D Aldrich, L R Goodrich, M K Monahan, J D Conway, A Valdés-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Injury to the tendons and ligaments of the equine stifle is a common cause of lameness in horses. Individual radiographic localisation of each tendon and ligament of the stifle has not been previously reported and demonstrated in multiple radiographic projections. OBJECTIVE: To create a series of radiographs identifying the origins and/or insertions of the tendons and ligaments of the equine stifle. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study of radiographic anatomy...
July 10, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
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