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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156249/changing-experience-of-adverse-medical-events-in-the-national-health-service-comparison-of-two-population-surveys-in-2001-and-2013
#1
Alastair M Gray, Paul Fenn, Neil Rickman, Dev Vencappa
Care quality is important to patients and providers, but is hard to measure. This study aimed to examine changes in the frequency and severity of one quality measure - adverse events associated with medical care - in Great Britain over a 12-year period when available resources initially expanded and were subsequently constrained. Data on perceived adverse events, collected from two representative population surveys in 2001 and 2013, were analysed and compared. The samples consisted of 8202 adults aged 15 and over in 2001 and 19,746 adults aged 15 and over in 2013...
November 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154806/crispr-cas9-licensing-the-unlicensable
#2
REVIEW
Ulrich Storz
A new gene engineering technology has recently made it through the media, not only because of its technical advantages, but also because it is in the focus of an epic patent battle between two academic institutions. The technology bears the cryptic name "CRISPR Cas9", and allows the manipulation of genes (so called "gene editing") with so far unseen simplicity and efficacy. Dana Carroll of the University of Utah said for this reason that CRISPR Cas9 has brought about the "democratization of gene targeting"...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154718/pesticide-residues-in-food-attitudes-beliefs-and-misconceptions-among-conventional-and-organic-consumers
#3
Severine Koch, Astrid Epp, Mark Lohmann, Gaby-Fleur Böl
Pesticide use and pesticide residues in foods have been the subject of controversial public discussions and media coverage in Germany. Against this background, a better understanding of public risk perceptions is needed to promote efficient public health communication. To this end, this study captures the German public's perception of pesticide residues in foods. A representative sample of the population aged 14 years and older (n = 1,004) was surveyed via computer-assisted telephone interviewing on their attitudes and knowledge with regard to pesticide residues...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154240/polish-consensus-on-treatment-of-gastric-cancer-update-2017
#4
Jan Kulig, Grzegorz Wallner, Michał Drews, Mariusz Frączek, Arkadiusz Jeziorski, Wojciech Kielan, Piotr Kołodziejczyk, Anna Nasierowska-Guttmejer, Teresa Starzyńska, Krzysztof Zinkiewicz, Marek Wojtukiewicz, W Tomasz Skoczylas, Piotr Richter, Marek Krawczyk
The "Polish Research on Gastric Cancer" project has been continued since 1986. The main aim of this project, which is a multicenter and interdisciplinary research, is enhancing the treatment results of gastric cancer patients by developing and promoting the use of optimal methods for diagnosis and treatment, both surgical as well as combined. One of the more important achievements of the project is the development and publication of a document named "Polish Consensus on Treatment of Patients with Gastric Cancer", whose first version was published in 1998...
October 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154142/child-trafficking-and-the-european-migration-crisis-the-role-of-forensic-practitioners
#5
Zuzana Obertová, Cristina Cattaneo
Trafficking in children is one of the worst forms of human rights violation and is categorised as a serious crime. Children at high risk of becoming victims of trafficking are runaways, children with a history of abuse, and migrant children. Internationally, cases of child trafficking are increasing the most in Europe, which is likely the result of the current migration crisis. In crises, preventing and combating human trafficking needs to be prioritized, considering that the aims of humanitarian action include saving lives, easing suffering and preserving human dignity...
November 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153473/sensitivity-of-the-early-life-stages-of-a-mayfly-to-fine-sediment-and-orthophosphate-levels
#6
Nicholas C Everall, Matthew F Johnson, Paul Wood, Lauren Mattingley
The ecological effects of interacting stressors within lotic ecosystems have been widely acknowledged. In particular, the ecological effects of elevated fine sediment inputs and phosphate have been identified as key factors influencing faunal community structure and composition. However, while knowledge regarding adult and larval life stage responses to environmental stressors has grown, there has been very limited research on their eggs. In this study, the eggs of the mayfly Serratella ignita (Ephemerellidae: Ephemeroptera) were collected and incubated in laboratory aquaria to hatching under differing concentrations of inert suspended sediment (SS) and orthophosphate (OP), individually and in combination...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153336/-genetics-and-family-medicine
#7
R Bugarín-González, Á Carracedo
There have been spectacular advances in genetics in the last decades. Their implications in medicine have been so relevant that the family doctor cannot ignore them. However, interestingly, our specialty training program has hardly any contents related to this discipline. For this reason, several publications have warned of the need to correct this deficit and to determine the knowledge, skills and abilities in genetics that should be acquired by family physicians. It is considered that, in addition to some general concepts, we must have training related to genetic testing, genetic counselling, aspects related to hereditary cancers, and to be aware of the ethical and legal limits of genetic information...
November 16, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153184/a-100-year-review-yogurt-and-other-cultured-dairy-products
#8
Kayanush J Aryana, Douglas W Olson
The history of the last 100 years of the science and technology of yogurt, sour cream, cultured butter, cultured buttermilk, kefir, and acidophilus milk has been one of continuous development and improvement. Yogurt leads the cultured dairy product category in terms of volume of production in the United States and recent research activity. Legal definitions of yogurt, sour cream and acidified sour cream, and cultured milk, including cultured buttermilk, are presented in the United States Code of Federal Regulations and summarized here...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153037/-contract-to-volunteer-south-african-community-health-worker-mobilization-for-better-labor-protection
#9
Zara Trafford, Alison Swartz, Christopher J Colvin
In this paper, we explore the increasing activity around labor rights for South African community health workers (CHWs). Contextualizing this activity within broader policy and legal developments, we track the emergence of sporadic mobilizations for decent work (supported by local health activist organizations) and subsequently, the formation of a CHW union. The National Union of Care Workers of South Africa (NUCWOSA) was inaugurated in 2016, hoping to secure formal and secure employment through government and the consequent labor and occupational health protections...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152932/screening-with-oro-rectal-surveillance-swab-in-an-italian-icu-epidemiological-and-medico-legal-aspects
#10
Federico Marturano, Antonio Galzerano, Fulvio Nisi, Massimo Lancia, Vito A Peduto, Mauro Bacci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152815/harder-better-faster-%C3%A2-yet-stronger-working-conditions-and-self-declaration-of-chronic-diseases
#11
Éric Defebvre
The role played by working conditions in worker health status has been widely acknowledged in the literature in general but has received less attention in economics, due to the inherent statistical biases and lack of data available to determine the role of simultaneous and chronic exposures. This study aims to estimate the causal impact of detrimental working conditions on the self-declaration of chronic diseases in France. Using a rebuilt retrospective lifelong panel and defining indicators for physical and psychosocial strains, I implement a mixed econometric strategy that relies on difference-in-differences and matching methods to take into account for selection biases as well as unobserved heterogeneity...
November 20, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152422/suicide-and-its-legal-implications-in-pakistan-a-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Sadiq Naveed, Tooba Qadir, Tayyaba Afzaal, Ahmed Waqas
In recent decades, great strides have been made in understanding the science of suicide. Thus, it is imperative that Pakistani legal systems bridge the gap between Pakistani law and science. For instance, recent discoveries in public health, psychology, and neurobiology have shaped the etiological model of suicidal behavior and highlighted the high preponderance of certain psychiatric patients towards suicide. We present here a brief overview of psychiatric evidence implicated in suicides to better inform the Pakistani legal system of advances in the psychiatric literature...
September 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151367/surveillance-of-the-armed-forces-as-a-sentinel-system-for-detecting-adverse-effects-of-dietary-supplements-in-the-general-population
#13
Harris R Lieberman, Krista G Austin, Emily K Farina
OBJECTIVE: Half the US population takes dietary supplements, but surveillance systems available to regulatory and public health authorities to determine whether specific dietary supplements present a risk are inadequate and numerous severe injuries and deaths have occurred from their consumption. Uniformed military personnel regularly use dietary supplements and are more likely to use potentially dangerous supplements than civilians. Recently, the supplement 1,3-dimethylamylamine (DMAA) was marketed for physical performance-enhancement and weight loss...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151092/conversion-factitious-disorder-and-malingering-a-distinct-pattern-or-a-continuum
#14
Silvio Galli, Laurent Tatu, Julien Bogousslavsky, Selma Aybek
This chapter is aimed at highlighting the recent findings concerning physiopathology, diagnosis, and management of conversion, factitious disorder, and malingering. Conversion disorder is the unintentional production of neurological symptom, whereas malingering and factitious disorder represent the voluntary production of symptoms with internal or external incentives. They have a close history and this has been frequently confounded. Practitioners are often confronted to medically unexplained symptoms; they represent almost 30% of neurologist's consultation...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151061/evolution-of-sanitary-epidemiological-services-in-poland-in-the-years-1944-2014
#15
Marek L Grabowski, Bożena Kosińska, Józef P Knap
This paper presents the history of sanitary-epidemiological services in the context of the health, economic and socio-political situation in Poland in the years 1944-2014, with a critical analysis of legal restraints, efficiency and achievements. Polish Sanitary Services, established in 1919, as a state service, have preserved for more than 95 years (also during World War II and the occupation) the continuity of its structures and essential objectives to enable their implementation in the field of public health protection...
November 8, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150257/utilization-of-organic-residues-using-heterotrophic-microalgae-and-insects
#16
REVIEW
Daniel Pleissner, Birgit A Rumpold
Various organic residues occur globally in the form of straw, wood, green biomass, food waste, feces, manure etc. Other utilization strategies apart from anaerobic digestion, composting and incineration are needed to make use of the whole potential of organic residues as sources of various value added compounds. This review compares the cultivation of heterotrophic microalgae and insects using organic residues as nutrient sources and illuminates their potential with regard to biomass production, productivity and yield, and utilization strategies of produced biomasses...
November 14, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150022/poppers-regulation-for-public-sale-no-measure-in-france-yet
#17
Caroline Victorri-Vigneau, David Trewick, Thomas Dejoie, Damien Masson, Samuel Bulteau, Morgane Rousselet, Anne Sauvaget, Marie Grall-Bronnec, Pascale Jolliet
AIM: Poppers have become legal in France since June 2013. Is their liberalisation associated with an increase of severe side effects observed? METHODS: To identify elevated methaemoglobinaemia related to poppers abuse, we reviewed all methaemoglobin concentrations measured in Nantes university hospital, during 12 months. RESULTS: Methaemoglobin concentrations were superior to 25% in three cases of poppers consumption that occurred after the legalisation...
October 23, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149949/attitudes-toward-organ-donation-among-relatives-of-the-patients-who-are-being-followed-up-in-intensive-care-and-dialysis-units
#18
B Kahveci, K Topal, Ç Gereklioglu, H Aksoy
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to investigate attitudes toward organ donation (OD) among the relatives of patients who are being followed up in intensive care units (ICU) and dialysis units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with relatives of the patients who were being followed up in hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) units and Neurosurgery, Neurology, Anesthesia, and Reanimation ICUs of Adana Numune Research and Training Hospital...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149893/association-between-severity-of-illicit-drug-dependence-and-quality-of-life-in-a-psychosocial-care-center-in-brazil-cross-sectional-study
#19
Selva Rios Campêlo, Maria Alves Barbosa, Danilo Rocha Dias, Camila Cardoso Caixeta, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Celmo Celeno Porto
BACKGROUND: Quality of life must be one of the main purposes for the treatment of drug users, requiring a better understanding of the association between the quality of life and the severity of dependency. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between severity of substance use in various areas of human functioning and quality of life of illicit drug users in a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 60 participants - illicit drug users - treated at a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs...
November 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149806/occurrence-of-aflatoxin-m1-in-milk-samples-from-italy-analysed-by-online-spe-uhplc-ms-ms
#20
Luca Campone, Anna Lisa Piccinelli, Rita Celano, Imma Pagano, Rosa Di Sanzo, Sonia Carabetta, Mariateresa Russo, Luca Rastrelli
The occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in 69 milk samples collected in a south region of Italy in 2016 was evaluated. The samples were analysed using an automated method based on online SPE coupled with UHPLC tandem mass spectrometry. After a salt induced liquid-liquid extraction with acetonitrile to remove protein from milk, the extract was diluted with water and analysed using an automated online SPE MS/MS method. Among the analysed samples no one had AFM1 higher than the legally allowable limits whereas 71.4% of the other analysed samples were above the LOD of the method...
November 17, 2017: Natural Product Research
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