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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339816/post-mortem-toxicology-in-young-sudden-cardiac-death-victims-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#1
Thea Bjune, Bjarke Risgaard, Line Kruckow, Charlotte Glinge, Ole Ingemann-Hansen, Peter Mygind Leth, Kristian Linnet, Jytte Banner, Bo Gregers Winkel, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen
Aims: Several drugs increase the risk of ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac death (SCD). We aimed to investigate in detail the toxicological findings of all young SCD throughout Denmark. Methods and results: Deaths in persons aged 1-49 years were included over a 10-year period. Death certificates and autopsy reports were retrieved and read to identify cases of sudden death and establish cause of death. All medico-legal autopsied SCD were included and toxicological reports collected...
February 27, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339552/the-effectiveness-of-id-readers-and-remote-age-verification-in-enhancing-compliance-with-the-legal-age-limit-for-alcohol
#2
Joris J Van Hoof
Currently, two different age verification systems (AVS) are implemented to enhance compliance with legal age limits for the sale of alcohol in the Netherlands. In this study, we tested the operational procedures and effectiveness of ID readers and remote age verification technology in supermarkets during the sale of alcohol. Following a trained alcohol purchase protocol, eight mystery shoppers (both underage and in the branch's reference age) conducted 132 alcohol purchase attempts in stores that were equipped with ID readers or remote age verification or were part of a control group...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339479/mouse-newborn-cells-allow-highly-productive-mouse-cytomegalovirus-replication-constituting-a-novel-convenient-primary-cell-culture-system
#3
Vu Thuy Khanh Le-Trilling, Mirko Trilling
Mammalian cell culture is indispensable for most aspects of current biomedical research. Immortalized cell lines are very convenient, but transforming principles (e.g. oncogenic viruses or their oncogenes) can heavily influence the experimental outcome. Primary cells do not share this apparent disadvantage but are more laborious to generate. Certain viruses (e.g. mouse cytomegalovirus) do not replicate efficiently in most transformed cell lines. In the past, such viruses have been routinely propagated on primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) established around day 17 (d17) of gestation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339456/in-errata-kratom-the-new-legal-high-on-the-block-the-case-of-an-emerging-opioid-receptor-agonist-with-substance-abuse-potential
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334986/addressing-london-s-modern-urban-health-challenges-learning-from-other-global-cities
#5
Y G Doyle, A J Mills, M Korkodilos
Around 150 cities have emerged as notable at a global scale. With a global population of fewer than 12%, they generate 46% of world gross domestic product. There is growing interest in how cities can accelerate health improvements through wider social and economic collaboration. A team led by Public Health England in London visited counterparts in New York City and Paris to examine how city health leaders addressed public health challenges. The three cities have similar health challenges but different legal, political and fiscal resources for promoting and protecting health...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334772/transparency-policies-of-the-european-medicines-agency-has-the-paradigm-shifted
#6
Daria Kim
This article reflects on the state of play as regards access to non-summary clinical trial data in the European Union (EU). In particular, it examines the scope of access under the recent transparency policies of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) that attempt to break away from the presumptively confidential treatment of clinical trial data. In light of the emerging case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union on clinical trial data disclosure, it remains highly uncertain what data, and under what conditions, can be lawfully released by the EMA...
February 23, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333179/obtaining-antibiotics-online-from-within-the-uk-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Sara Elizabeth Boyd, Luke Stephen Prockter Moore, Mark Gilchrist, Ceire Costelloe, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Bryony Dean Franklin, Alison Helen Holmes
Background: Improved antibiotic stewardship (AS) and reduced prescribing in primary care, with a parallel increase in personal internet use, could lead citizens to obtain antibiotics from alternative sources online. Objectives: A cross-sectional analysis was performed to: (i) determine the quality and legality of online pharmacies selling antibiotics to the UK public; (ii) describe processes for obtaining antibiotics online from within the UK; and (iii) identify resulting AS and patient safety issues...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332639/evaluation-of-the-bacteriological-quality-of-raw-cow-s-milk-at-various-stages-of-the-milk-production-chain-on-farms-in-algeria-%C3%A2-oie-world-organisation-for-animal-health-2016
#8
M Hamiroune, A Berber, S Boubekeur
This study evaluates hygiene practices on 53 dairy farms in the Jijel and Blida regions of Algeria. A survey questionnaire was drawn up covering milking conditions and cleaning of the equipment. In parallel, bacteriological analyses were carried out to estimate the rate, source and development of bacterial contamination in raw milk produced on the farm. In addition, screening was performed to detect the presence of inhibitor residues. The results of the survey revealed poor livestock conditions and milking practices that could explain the presence of bacteria in cow's milk...
December 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330856/-my-friend-who-bought-it-for-me-she-has-had-an-abortion-before-the-influence-of-ghanaian-women-s-social-networks-in-determining-the-pathway-to-induced-abortion
#9
Sarah D Rominski, Jody R Lori, Emmanuel Sk Morhe
BACKGROUND: Even given the liberal abortion law in Ghana, abortion complications are a large contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality. This study sought to understand why young women seeking an abortion in a legally enabling environment chose to do this outside the formal healthcare system. METHODS: Women being treated for complications arising from a self-induced abortion as well as for elective abortions at three hospitals in Ghana were interviewed. Community-based focus groups were held with women as well as men, separately...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330550/-the-type-of-traumatic-sensorineural-hearing-loss-affects-diagnostic-and-medico-legal-assessment
#10
Steen Gimsing
Traumatic sensorineural hearing loss (TSHN) is mostly a high-frequency loss resembling noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). However, approx. 25% of TSHN audiograms differ from NIHL in being of the slope, flat or low-frequency type. The physical properties of the trauma influence the audiogram shape, and the great individual variation of susceptibility to TSHN indicates the importance of genetic factors as well. As TSHN, like NIHL, predominantly is of a metabolic rather than a mechanical nature, its magnitude and configuration may change considerably during the first weeks after the causative incident...
March 20, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330491/orchestrating-differential-data-access-for-translational-research-a-pilot-implementation
#11
Marco Brandizi, Olga Melnichuk, Raffael Bild, Florian Kohlmayer, Benedicto Rodriguez-Castro, Helmut Spengler, Klaus A Kuhn, Wolfgang Kuchinke, Christian Ohmann, Timo Mustonen, Mikael Linden, Tommi Nyrönen, Ilkka Lappalainen, Alvis Brazma, Ugis Sarkans
BACKGROUND: Translational researchers need robust IT solutions to access a range of data types, varying from public data sets to pseudonymised patient information with restricted access, provided on a case by case basis. The reason for this complication is that managing access policies to sensitive human data must consider issues of data confidentiality, identifiability, extent of consent, and data usage agreements. All these ethical, social and legal aspects must be incorporated into a differential management of restricted access to sensitive data...
March 23, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330379/patient-self-defined-goals
#12
Sandra Ellen Schellinger, Eric Worden Anderson, Monica Schmitz Frazer, Cindy Lynn Cain
This research, a descriptive qualitative analysis of self-defined serious illness goals, expands the knowledge of what goals are important beyond the physical-making existing disease-specific guidelines more holistic. Integration of goals of care discussions and documentation is standard for quality palliative care but not consistently executed into general and specialty practice. Over 14 months, lay health-care workers (care guides) provided monthly supportive visits for 160 patients with advanced heart failure, cancer, and dementia expected to die in 2 to 3 years...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330205/dna-record-of-some-traditional-small-millet-landraces-in-india-and-nepal
#13
Subramanyam Ragupathy, Shanmughanandhan Dhivya, Kirit Patel, Abiran Sritharan, Kathirvelu Sambandan, Hom Gartaula, Ramalingam Sathishkumar, Kamal Khadka, Balasubramanian C Nirmala, A Nirmala Kumari, Steven G Newmaster
Despite the extensive use of small millet landraces as an important source of nutrition for people living in semi-arid regions, they are presently marginalized and their diversity and distribution are threatened at a global scale. Local farmers have developed ancient breeding programs entrenched in traditional knowledge (TK) that has sustained rural cultures for thousands of years. The convention on biological diversity seeks fair and equitable sharing of genetic resources arising from local knowledge and requires signatory nations to provide appropriate policy and legal framework to farmers' rights over plant genetic resources and associated TK...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329924/-reduction-and-control-of-school-bullying-is-urgently-needed
#14
Y J Zhao, S Y Wang
School bullying and campus violence is a widespread social problem in the world. School bullying is characterized by its repeatability and suddenness, which could make the victims suffering from both psychological and health damage, and even affect their personality growth. Government should pay close attention to the reduction and control of school bullying and campus violence by establishing school bullying emergency response system and preparedness plan. The school and teacher's role and legal responsibility in the service and management in schools should be cleared and defined...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329834/social-security-contributions-and-return-migration-among-older-male-mexican-immigrants
#15
Emma Aguila, Alma Vega
Purpose: For decades, scholars have studied the effects of immigration on the U.S. social security system. To date, this research has been primarily limited to migrants within the United States and does not consider those who return to their countries of origin. We estimate the proportion of male Mexican return migrants who contributed to the U.S. social security system and analyze their socioeconomic characteristics and migration histories. We also estimate the proportion that receive or expect to receive U...
January 19, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327885/prison-nursing-legal-framework-and-care-reality
#16
H Carrasco-Baún
INTRODUCTION: Penitentiary Nursing has experienced during the last decades a deep transformation similar to that experienced by the rest of the Nursing. However, there is a great distance from the protective legislation. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the main legal documents which regulate the functions of Penitentiary Nursing and to compare it with the health care reality of nurses in Spanish prisons. METHODOLOGY: Narrative bibliographic review based on various sources such as Medline, Cuiden, Scielo, Dialnet, etc...
June 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326309/space-allowance-of-the-littered-area-affects-lying-behavior-in-group-housed-horses
#17
Joan-Bryce Burla, Christina Rufener, Iris Bachmann, Lorenz Gygax, Antonia Patt, Edna Hillmann
Horses can sleep while standing; however, recumbency is required for rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and therefore essential. Previous research indicated a minimal duration of recumbency of 30 min per 24 h to perform a minimal duration of REM sleep. For group-housed horses, suitable lying area represents a potentially limited resource. In Switzerland, minimal dimensions for the space allowance of the littered area are therefore legally required. To assess the effect of different space allowances of the littered area on lying behavior, 38 horses in 8 groups were exposed to 4 treatments for 11 days each; T0: no litter provided, T0...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326148/patient-safety-learning-systems-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: A patient safety learning system (sometimes called a critical incident reporting system) refers to structured reporting, collation, and analysis of critical incidents. To inform a provincial working group's recommendations for an Ontario Patient Safety Event Learning System, a systematic review was undertaken to determine design features that would optimize its adoption into the health care system and would inform implementation strategies. METHODS: The objective of this review was to address two research questions: (a) what are the barriers to and facilitators of successful adoption of a patient safety learning system reported by health professionals and (b) what design components maximize successful adoption and implementation? To answer the first question, we used a published systematic review...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326031/can-neuromodulation-also-enhance-social-inequality-some-possible-indirect-interventions-of-the-state
#19
Andrea Lavazza
There is evidence that noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), and especially transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), can improve some cognitive functions, at least temporarily. However, as the improvement only applies to some "lucky" people, it may raise ethical, social and legal issues related to fairness in selective contexts (exams, competitions, job interviews). In this regard, an important element tends to be overlooked: the variability in individual response to tDCS in particular. If intensive study or practice and massive doses of chemical enhancers can have slightly different effects over different people, tDCS can sometimes be completely ineffective...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325505/clinical-interpretation-of-urine-drug-tests-what-clinicians-need-to-know-about-urine-drug-screens
#20
REVIEW
Karen E Moeller, Julie C Kissack, Rabia S Atayee, Kelly C Lee
Urine drug testing is frequently used in clinical, employment, educational, and legal settings and misinterpretation of test results can result in significant adverse consequences for the individual who is being tested. Advances in drug testing technology combined with a rise in the number of novel misused substances present challenges to clinicians to appropriately interpret urine drug test results. Authors searched PubMed and Google Scholar to identify published literature written in English between 1946 and 2016, using urine drug test, screen, false-positive, false-negative, abuse, and individual drugs of abuse as key words...
March 18, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
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