keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

treat

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214449/-they-treated-me-like-crap-and-i-know-it-was-because-i-was-native-the-healthcare-experiences-of-aboriginal-peoples-living-in-vancouver-s-inner-city
#1
Ashley Goodman, Kim Fleming, Nicole Markwick, Tracey Morrison, Louise Lagimodiere, Thomas Kerr
There is growing evidence that Aboriginal peoples often experience healthcare inequalities due to racism. However, research exploring the healthcare experiences of Aboriginal peoples who use illicit substances is limited, and research rarely accounts for how multiple accounts of stigma intersect and contribute to the experiences of marginalized populations. Our research aimed to explore the healthcare experiences of Aboriginal peoples who use illicit drugs and or illicit alcohol (APWUID/A) living in Vancouver's inner city...
January 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214448/effect-of-fluoride-toothpaste-with-nano-sized-trimetaphosphate-on-enamel-demineralization-an-in-vitro-study
#2
Marcelle Danelon, Juliano Pelim Pessan, Francisco Nunes Souza-Neto, Emerson Rodrigues de Camargo, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of toothpastes containing 1100ppm F associated or not with micrometric or nano-sized sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) on enamel demineralization in vitro, using a pH cycling model. DESIGN: Bovine enamel blocks (4mm×4mm, n=96) were randomly allocated into eight groups (n=12), according to the test toothpastes: Placebo (without fluoride or TMP); 1100ppm F (1100F); 1100F plus micrometric TMP at concentrations of 1%, 3% or 6%; and 1100F plus nanosized TMP at 1%, 3% or 6%...
February 10, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214444/the-boosted-biomass-and-lipid-accumulation-in-chlorella-vulgaris-by-supplementation-of-synthetic-phytohormone-analogs
#3
Tingting Liu, Fei Liu, Chao Wang, Zhenyao Wang, Yuqin Li
This study attempted at maximizing biomass and lipid accumulation in Chlorella vulgaris by supplementation of natural abscisic acid (ABA) or synthetic 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) hormone analogs. Amongst three tested additives, NAA-treatment performed remarkable promoting effect on cell growth and lipid biosynthesis. The favorable lipid productivity (418.6mg/L/d) of NAA-treated cells showed 1.48 and 2.24 times more than that of 2,4-D and ABA. NAA-treatment also positively modified the proportions of saturated (C16:0 and C18:0) and monounsaturated fatty acids (C18:1) which were prone to high-quality biofuels-making...
February 7, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214436/impact-of-child-maltreatment-on-meaning-in-life-in-psychiatric-patients
#4
Sébastien Weibel, Sonia Vidal, Emilie Olié, Roland Hasler, Catherine Torriani, Paco Prada, Philippe Courtet, Sébastien Guillaume, Nader Perroud, Philippe Huguelet
Child maltreatment (CM) worsens prognosis and quality of life in several psychiatric conditions. Meaning in life is a construct which relates to the sense of purpose that one can perceive in life, and is a key aspect of recovery in psychiatric patients. The lasting impact of CM on meaning in life and its mediating variables have not been studied in patients with chronic persistent psychiatric conditions. One hundred and sixty-six patients with bipolar disorder (N=35), psychotic disorder (N=73), anorexia nervosa (N=30) or borderline personality disorder (N=28) were assessed for meaning in life (revised version of the Life Regard Index (LRI-R)), for CM (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ)) and for internalized/externalized psychopathology...
February 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214378/calcium-signaling-through-l-type-calcium-channels-role-in-pathophysiology-of-spinal-nociceptive-transmission
#5
REVIEW
Olivier Roca-Lapirot, Houda Radwani, Franck Aby, Frédéric Nagy, Marc Landry Pascal Fossat
L-type voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) are ubiquitous channels in the central nervous system. L-type calcium channels (LTCs) are mostly post-synaptic channels regulating neuronal firing and gene expression. They play a role in important physio-pathological processes such as learning and memory, Parkinson's disease, autism and, as recognized more recently, in the pathophysiology of pain processes. Classically, the fundamental role of these channels in cardiovascular functions has limited the use of classical molecules to treat LTC-dependent disorders...
February 18, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214375/anti-fatigue-effects-of-troxerutin-on-exercise-endurance-capacity-oxidative-stress-and-mmp-9-levels-in-trained-male-rats
#6
Mohammad Zamanian, Mohammad R Hajizadeh, Ali Esmaeili Nadimi, Ali Shamsizadeh, Mohammad Allahtavakoli
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of troxerutin (TRX) on endurance capacity, oxidative stress and MMP-9 levels in trained male rats. Forty male Wistar rats were divided into five groups. The control (Vehicle) and exercise training (5 days/week) with vehicle treatment (Exercise), exercise training with TRX treatment at 75 (Ex-TRX75), 150 (Ex-TRX150), and 300 mg/kg (Ex-TRX300). The treated groups received TRX by gavage every day while the other groups received water for 30 days. On the 30(th) day, rats were sacrificed immediately after exhaustive swimming test, and some biochemical parameters were measured...
February 18, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214350/upregulation-of-microrna-15a-contributes-to-pathogenesis-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-aaa-by-modulating-the-expression-of-cyclin-dependent-kinase-inhibitor-2b-cdkn2b
#7
Peng Gao, Jiyuan Si, Bin Yang, Jixiang Yu
BACKGROUND The objective of the present study was to identify the association between miR-15a-5p and CDKN2B, and their roles in regulating the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). MATERIAL AND METHODS We searched the miRNA database online (www.mirdb.org) and used a luciferase reporter assay system to study the regulatory relationship between miR-15a-5p and CDKN2B. We also conducted real-time PCR and Western blot analysis to study the mRNA and protein expression level of CDKN2B among different patient groups (participants with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and normal controls) or cells treated with scramble control, miR-15a-5p mimics, CDKN2B siRNA, and miR-15a-5p inhibitors...
February 18, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214337/palmitate-induces-mitochondrial-superoxide-generation-and-activates-ampk-in-podocytes
#8
Eugene Lee, Jin Choi, Hyun Soon Lee
Studies have shown that high levels of serum free fatty acids (FFAs) are associated with lipotoxicity and type 2 diabetes. Palmitic acid (PA) is the predominant circulating saturated FFA, yet its role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN) is not clear. Recently, one study suggested that mitochondrial superoxide production is related to AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity in diabetic mice kidneys. To elucidate the link between PA and oxidative stress and AMPK activity in DN, we compared the cultured murine podocytes exposed to PA and oleic acid (OA)...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214335/the-role-of-c-ski-in-regulation-of-tgf%C3%AE-induced-human-cardiac-fibroblast-proliferation-and-ecm-protein-expression
#9
Juan Wang, Liping Guo, Difei Shen, Xiao Xu, Jiaping Wang, Suxia Han, Wen He
Cardiac fibrosis is characterized by over-deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins and over-proliferation of cardiac fibroblast, and contributes to both systolic and diastolic dysfunction in many cardiac pathophysiologic conditions. Transforming growth factor β 1 (TGFβ1) is as an essential inducing factor of cardiac fibrosis. C-Ski protein has been identified as an inhibitory regulator of TGFβ signaling. In the present study, we revealed the repressive effect of c-Ski on TGFβ1-induced human cardiac fibroblast (HCFB) proliferation and ECM protein increase (Collagen I and α-SMA)...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214329/-p-clphse-2-reduces-hepatotoxicity-induced-by-monosodium-glutamate-by-improving-mitochondrial-function-in-rats
#10
Caroline B Quines, Pietro M Chagas, Diane Hartmann, Nélson R Carvalho, Félix A Soares, Cristina W Nogueira
It is has been demonstrated that mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and chronic inflammatory process are associated with progress of morbid obesity in human patients. For this reason, the searching for safe and effective antiobesity drugs has been the subject of intense research. In this context, the organic selenium compounds have attracted much attention due to their pharmacological properties, such as antihyperglycemic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hepatoprotective action of p-chloro-diphenyl diselenide (p-ClPhSe)2 , an organic selenium compound, in a model of obesity induced by monosodium glutamate (MSG) administration in rats...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214312/update-treatment-of-necrobiosis-lipoidica
#11
REVIEW
Melanie Peckruhn, Jörg Tittelbach, Peter Elsner
Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is a rare granulomatous disease of hitherto unclear etiology frequently seen in patients with diabetes. Characterized by its potential for ulcerations, it often presents a serious burden for those affected. There are currently neither German nor European guidelines for the treatment of NL. At the same time, standard treatment with topical or intralesional corticosteroids does not always show satisfactory results. We therefore set out to evaluate whether the various treatment regimens published since 2000 have actually expanded the therapeutic armamentarium in a relevant manner...
February 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214304/efficacy-and-safety-of-fumaric-acid-esters-in-combination-with-phototherapy-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-plaque-psoriasis-fast
#12
Peter Weisenseel, Kristian Reich, Wiebke Griemberg, Katharina Merten, Christine Gröschel, Natalie Nunez Gomez, Kirsi Taipale, Beate Bräu, Ina Zschocke
BACKGROUND: While treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis using a combination of fumaric acid esters (FAE, Fumaderm(®) ) and phototherapy (UV) is common practice, there have been hardly any studies investigating this regimen. Available information is limited to data from a small pilot study. The objective of the present study was to evaluate FAE/UV combination therapy in a larger patient cohort with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective noninterventional multicenter study, data from patients treated with FAE/UV combination therapy was assessed with regard to efficacy (PGA' PASI, DLQI, EQ-5D), safety, and dosage over a twelve-month period...
February 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214286/-partial-delegation-to-radiation-therapists-of-the-control-by-cone-beam-ct-of-prostate-positioning
#13
C Benhaïm, G Loos, J L Achard, L Berger, C Caillé, T Frédéric-Moreau, J Biau, M Lapeyre
PURPOSE: Intensity modulated radiotherapy for prostate cancer involves daily monitoring of the positioning of the prostate, possible with cone beam CT (CBCT). It allows increased accuracy compared to readjustments but induces an increase in the time dedicated to these medical checks. The aim of the study was to evaluate the possibility of delegation of this task to the radiation therapists by comparing their readjustments to the doctors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five consecutive patients treated with radiation for prostate cancer (76Gy) were analysed...
February 14, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214285/-local-failures-of-nasopharynx-carcinoma-anatomoclinical-aspects-and-therapeutic-results
#14
L Ghorbal, F Elloumi, W Siala, A Khabir, A Ghorbel, M Frikha, J Daoud
PURPOSE: Retrospective analysis of clinical aspects and therapeutic results of nasopharynx cancer local failures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with local failure with or without nodal involvement of nasopharyngeal carcinoma were treated between 1993 and 2013. Reirradiation of nasopharynx was delivered at the dose of 60Gy. Platinum-based chemotherapy was indicated in case of locally advanced disease and/or associated nodal failure. RESULTS: The mean age at diagnosis of primitive tumour was 41...
February 14, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214283/prognostic-role-of-n-cadherin-expression-in-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#15
Mohammad Abufaraj, Shahrokh F Shariat, Andrea Haitel, Marco Moschini, Beat Foerster, Piotr Chłosta, Kilian Gust, Marek Babjuk, Alberto Briganti, Pierre I Karakiewicz, Walter Albrecht
PURPOSE: To assess the role of N-cadherin as a prognostic biomarker in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) treated with transurethral resection with or without adjuvant intravesical therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry using monoclonal mouse antibody was used to evaluate the expression status of N-cadherin in 827 patients with NMIBC. N-cadherin was considered positive if any immunoreactivity with membranous staining was detected...
February 14, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214281/patient-characterization-and-usage-trends-of-proton-beam-therapy-for-localized-prostate-cancer-in-the-united-states-a-study-of-the-national-cancer-database
#16
Arya Amini, David Raben, E David Crawford, Thomas W Flaig, Elizabeth R Kessler, Elaine T Lam, Paul Maroni, Thomas J Pugh
PURPOSE: To evaluate usage trends and identify factors associated with proton beam therapy (PBT) compared to alternative forms of external beam radiation therapy (RT) (EBRT) for localized prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for men with localized (N0, M0) prostate cancer diagnosed between 2004 and 2013, treated with EBRT, with available data on EBRT modality (photon vs. PBT). Binary multiple logistic regression identified variables associated with EBRT modality...
February 14, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214261/chemotherapy-in-primary-osteogenic-sarcoma-in-patients-over-the-age-of-forty
#17
Bulent Ozkurt, Kerem Basarir, Bulent Yalcin, Abdullah Merter, Yusuf Yildiz, Yener Saglik
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we sought to review the clinical and histopathological features and the chemotherapy regimens in osteogenic sarcoma in patients over 40 years of age, and we aimed at identifying the possible prognostic factors in this particular group of patients. METHODS: We reviewed 287 patients with osteosarcoma treated between the year 1986 and 2010. Patients from this group who met the following criteria were considered eligible for our study; presence of primary OS, had typical histological and radiographic features of OS, no prior history of cancer or any treatment elsewhere and no prior history of preexisting bone abnormalities...
February 14, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214242/injury-and-recovery-of-escherichia-coli-atcc25922-cells-treated-by-high-hydrostatic-pressure-at-400-600%C3%A2-mpa
#18
Keitarou Kimura, Kazuya Morimatsu, Takashi Inaoka, Kazutaka Yamamoto
Escherichia coli cells were inactivated by high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) at 400-600 MPa and their recovery under various conditions was evaluated by colony counting and flow cytometer (FCM) analyses. The lag time in colony formation and an improved recovery of cells under less oxidative conditions (pyruvate addition to the medium and incubation in anaerobic conditions) were observed for HHP treated cells, which indicated that a significant portion of cells were injured and recovered during incubation after HHP treatment...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214240/bridging-locoregional-therapy-longitudinal-trends-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
REVIEW
Hayley C Oligane, Orrie N Close, Minzhi Xing, Hyun S Kim
The purpose of this article is to analyze longitudinal trends in locoregional therapy (LRT) use and review locoregional therapy's role in the management of hepatocellular carcinoma prior to orthotropic liver transplantation Porrett et al. (2006) . LRT has a role in both bridge to transplantation and downstaging of patients not initially meeting Milan or UCSF Criteria. Due to the lack of randomized controlled trials, no specific bridging LRT modality is recommended over another for treating patients on the waiting list, however each modality has unique and patient-specific advantages...
February 2, 2017: Transplantation Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214221/relationship-between-the-melanocortin-1-receptor-mc1r-variant-r306ter-and-physiological-responses-to-mechanical-or-thermal-stimuli-in-labrador-retriever-dogs
#20
Tania E Perez, Katrina L Mealey, Neal S Burke, Tamara L Grubb, Michael H Court, Stephen A Greene
OBJECTIVE: Variants in the MC1R gene have been associated with red hair color and sensitivity to pain in humans. The study objective was to determine if a relationship exists between MC1R genotype and physiological thermal or mechanical nociceptive thresholds in Labrador Retriever dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: Thirty-four Labrador Retriever dogs were included in the study following public requests for volunteers...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
keyword
keyword
22487
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"