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Ischaemic heart disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727492/chronic-psychological-stress-seems-associated-with-elements-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-ischaemic-heart-disease
#1
Natasha Bergmann, Søren Ballegaard, Jesper Krogh, Per Bech, Åke Hjalmarson, Finn Gyntelberg, Jens Faber
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic psychological stress, the metabolic syndrome (MS) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) seem closely connected. In this study, we evaluate the association between chronic stress and elements of MS in patients with stable IHD. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. METHODS: Three hundred and fifty patients with stable IHD were included. Chronic stress was evaluated by the two questionnaires, Major Depression Inventory (MDI) and the psychological wellbeing index WHO-5, as well as by Pressure Pain Sensitivity (PPS), a physiological measure of hyperalgesia at the sternum known to be associated to elements of the chronic stress syndrome...
July 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721130/premature-ovarian-failure
#2
REVIEW
Katarzyna Jankowska
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is the term usually used to describe women aged younger than 40 years, who present with amenorrhoea, hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, and infertility. POF is a devastating diagnosis for reproductive-aged women. The clinical presentation is diverse, and several different disorders can lead to premature ovarian failure. POF has serious health consequences, including psychological distress, infertility, osteoporosis, autoimmune disorders, ischaemic heart disease, and increased risk of mortality...
June 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710185/extreme-ischaemic-heart-disease-risk-in-people-with-type-1-diabetes
#3
EDITORIAL
William G Herrington, Fiona Bragg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704157/survival-rate-and-pressure-ulcer-prevalence-in-patients-with-and-without-dementia-a-retrospective-study
#4
E Jaul, J P Rosenzweig, O Meiron
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aimed to investigate the prevalence of pressure ulcers (PUs) in older patients with advanced dementia versus older patients without dementia but with other comorbidities, such as diabetes, ischaemic heart disease and chronic renal failure. PUs were thought to be more prevalent and to present a higher risk of mortality in patients with dementia. METHOD: PUs were assessed on admission using the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (EPUAP) staging system...
July 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695353/cardioprotection-by-the-transfer-of-coronary-effluent-from-ischaemic-preconditioned-rat-hearts-identification-of-cardioprotective-humoral-factors
#5
Leonardo Maciel, Dahienne F de Oliveira, Giovani C Verissimo da Costa, Paulo M Bisch, Jose Hamilton Matheus Nascimento
Ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) provides myocardial resistance to ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injuries. The protection afforded by IPC is not limited to the target tissue but extends to remote tissues, suggesting a mechanism mediated by humoral factors. The aim of the present study was to identify the humoral factors that are responsible for the cardioprotection induced by the coronary effluent transferred from IPC to naïve hearts. Isolated rat hearts were submitted to IPC (three cycles of 5 min I/R) before 30-min global ischaemia and 60-min reperfusion...
September 2017: Basic Research in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695245/risk-factors-for-peri-procedural-arterial-ischaemic-stroke-in-children-with-cardiac-disease
#6
Hiroko Asakai, Belinda Stojanovski, John C Galati, Dianna Zannino, Michael Cardamone, Darren Hutchinson, Michael M H Cheung, Mark T Mackay
Improved survival of children with congenital heart disease has led to increasing focus on neurodevelopmental outcome, as close to half of the infants undergoing cardiac surgery are affected by neurodevelopmental disability. Stroke is particularly important as it frequently results in permanent neurologic sequelae. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for peri-procedural arterial ischaemic stroke (AIS) in children with cardiac disease. A retrospective case-control analysis of children aged <18 years with radiologically confirmed AIS following a cardiac procedure admitted to the Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne between 1993 and 2010...
July 11, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689634/impact-of-the-australian-gender-specific-thresholds-using-the-abbott-high-sensitivity-troponin-i-assay-in-clinical-care
#7
Robert Bender, Faith Njue, Samuel Vasikaran, Ramon Lambert, Jamie Rankin, Graham S Hillis, Damon A Bell
The aim of this study was to ascertain the impact of gender specific hs-TnI thresholds in a clinical setting and determine the clinical characteristics and discharge diagnosis for individuals presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with elevated troponin I with the Abbott high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-TnI) assay, but non-elevated troponin I on the previous generation assay (STAT TnI-II). Medical records of individuals presenting to the Royal Perth Hospital ED with elevated hs-TnI between 12 November 2013 and 24 December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
August 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677865/vascular-and-metabolic-comorbidities-in-open-angle-glaucoma-with-low-and-high-teen-intraocular-pressure-a-cross-sectional-study-from-south-korea
#8
Si Hyung Lee, Gyu Ah Kim, Wonseok Lee, Hyoung Won Bae, Gong Je Seong, Chan Yun Kim
PURPOSE: To assess the associations between vascular and metabolic comorbidities and the prevalence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) with low-teen and high-teen intraocular pressure (IOP) in Korea. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2012 were analysed. Participants diagnosed with OAG with normal IOP were further classified into low-teen IOP (IOP ≤ 15 mmHg) and high-teen IOP (15 mmHg < IOP ≤ 21 mmHg) groups...
July 5, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673375/dietary-inflammatory-index-in-relation-to-sub-clinical-atherosclerosis-and-atherosclerotic-vascular-disease-mortality-in-older-women
#9
Nicola P Bondonno, Joshua R Lewis, Lauren C Blekkenhorst, Nitin Shivappa, Richard J Woodman, Catherine P Bondonno, Natalie C Ward, James R Hébert, Peter L Thompson, Richard L Prince, Jonathan M Hodgson
Arterial wall thickening, stimulated by low-grade systemic inflammation, underlies many cardiovascular events. As diet is a significant moderator of systemic inflammation, the dietary inflammatory index (DIITM) has recently been devised to assess the overall inflammatory potential of an individual's diet. The primary objective of this study was to assess the association of the DII with common carotid artery-intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) and carotid plaques. To substantiate the clinical importance of these findings we assessed the relationship of DII score with atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD)-related mortality, ischaemic cerebrovascular disease (CVA)-related mortality and ischaemic heart disease (IHD)-related mortality more...
July 4, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667557/atherosclerosis
#10
Mohammed Shamim Rahman, Kevin Woollard
In this chapter, we discuss the manner through which the immune system regulates the cardiovascular system in health and disease. We define the cardiovascular system and elements of atherosclerotic disease, the main focus in this chapter. Herein we elaborate on the disease process that can result in myocardial infarction (heart attack), ischaemic stroke and peripheral arterial disease. We have discussed broadly the homeostatic mechanisms in place that help autoregulate the cardiovascular system including the vital role of cholesterol and lipid clearance as well as the role lipid homeostasis plays in cardiovascular disease in the context of atherosclerosis...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666358/shifting-to-a-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulation-agent-from-vitamin-k-antagonist-in-atrial-fibrillation
#11
Emil L Fosbøl, Naja Emborg Vinding, Morten Lamberts, Laila Staerk, Anna Gundlund, Kasper Gadsbøll, Lars Køber, Gunnar H Gislason, Jonas Bjerring Olesen
Aims: After non-vitamin K antagonist (VKA) oral anticoagulation agents (NOAC) have been approved for thrombo-embolic prophylaxis in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), utilization of oral anticoagulants (OAC) in NVAF has changed. Contemporary shifting from a VKA to a NOAC (dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or apixaban) has not been quantified, and could help assess whether these drugs are used according to recommendations. Methods and results: Using Danish nationwide registries, we identified all VKA-experienced NVAF patients initiating a NOAC from 22 August 2011 to 31 December 2015 (shifters) and all VKA-experienced NVAF patients who were not switched to NOACs (non-shifters)...
June 28, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666319/cause-of-death-analysis-in-patients-with-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-with-or-without-a-defibrillator-a-systematic-review-and-proportional-meta-analysis
#12
Sérgio Barra, Rui Providência, Rudolf Duehmke, Serge Boveda, David Begley, Andrew Grace, Kumar Narayanan, Anthony Tang, Eloi Marijon, Sharad Agarwal
Aims: The additional benefit of a defibrillator in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) patients is a matter of debate. Cause-of-death analysis in a CRT population has been recently proposed as a useful approach to gain insight into this problem. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis looking at cause of death in studies involving CRT subjects with (CRT-D) or without (CRT-P) a defibrillator. Methods and results: Literature search performed from inception to 31 March 2016 for relevant studies...
June 28, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664820/ten-thousand-kilometre-transfer-of-cardiogenic-shock-patients-on-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-emergency-heart-transplantation-cooperation-between-reunion-island-and-metropolitan-france
#13
Clément Charon, Jérôme Allyn, Bruno Bouchet, Fréderic Nativel, Eric Braunberger, Caroline Brulliard, Olivier Martinet, Nicolas Allou
BACKGROUND: There is no heart transplantation centre on the French overseas territory of Reunion Island (distance of 10,000 km). The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of cardiogenic shock adult patients on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) who were transferred from Reunion Island to mainland France for emergency heart transplantation. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted between 2005 and 2015...
June 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663398/cardiac-disease-and-advanced-age-increase-the-mortality-risk-following-surgery-for-periprosthetic-femoral-fractures
#14
S Märdian, C Perka, K-D Schaser, J Gruner, F Scheel, P Schwabe
AIMS: Periprosthetic fracture is a significant complication of total hip and knee arthroplasty. This study aimed to describe the survival of patients sustaining periprosthetic femoral fractures and compare this with that of the general population, as well as to identify the factors that influence survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 151 patients (women: men 116:35, mean age 74.6 years, standard deviation 11.5) that sustained a periprosthetic fracture between January 2005 and October 2012 were retrospectively analysed...
July 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663363/first-and-recurrent-ischaemic-heart-disease-events-continue-to-decline-in-new-zealand-2005-2015
#15
Corina Grey, Rod Jackson, Susan Wells, Billy Wu, Katrina Poppe, Harvey White, Wing Cheuk Chan, Andrew J Kerr
OBJECTIVES: To examine recent trends in first and recurrent ischaemic heart disease (IHD) deaths and hospitalisations. METHODS: Using anonymous patient-linkage of routinely collected data, all New Zealanders aged 35-84 years who experienced an International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems I(CD)-coded IHD hospitalisation and/or IHD death between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2015 were identified. A 10-year look-back period was used to differentiate those experiencing first from recurrent events...
June 29, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663358/necrotising-coronaritis-with-fatal-outcome
#16
Lisa Schweizer, Nadja Fischer, Thomas Fehr, Stephan Schneiter
A 56-year-old woman presented with acute onset of typical chest pain. She was diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Although significant obstructive coronary artery disease was ruled out by coronary angiography, cardiac MRI showed transmural necrosis of the lateral free wall with extensive microvascular obstruction consistent with ischaemic heart disease. Within 48 hours after initial presentation, the patient suddenly arrested due to pulseless electrical activity with futile resuscitation efforts...
June 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659116/cardiac-care-for-indigenous-australians-practical-considerations-from-a-clinical-perspective
#17
REVIEW
Warren F Walsh, Nadarajah Kangaharan
Indigenous Australians have a much high burden of cardiovascular disease, which occurs at an earlier age than in the non-Indigenous population. Comorbidities such as diabetes are common. Early diagnosis of ischaemic heart disease may be difficult because of barriers such as distance to medical centres, communication problems and family and cultural responsibilities. Disparities in cardiac care between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations are well documented, with examples including reduced angiography and revascularisation rates in Indigenous patients...
July 3, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658094/multimorbidity-and-polypharmacy-in-diabetic-patients-with-nafld-implications-for-disease-severity-and-management
#18
Preya Janubhai Patel, Kelly Lee Hayward, Rathiga Rudra, Leigh Ula Horsfall, Fabrina Hossain, Suzanne Williams, Tracey Johnson, Nigel Neil Brown, Nivene Saad, Andrew Donald Clouston, Katherine Anne Stuart, Patricia Casarolli Valery, Katharine Margaret Irvine, Anthony William Russell, Elizabeth Ellen Powell
An observational study describing the number and type of chronic conditions and medications taken by diabetic patients with NAFLD and identifying characteristics that may impact liver disease severity or clinical management.Adults with type 2 diabetes have a high prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and increased risk of developing advanced liver disease. Appropriate management should consider the characteristics of the diabetic NAFLD population, as comorbid conditions and medications may increase the complexity of treatment strategies...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652315/persistent-psychological-distress-and-mortality-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#19
Ralph A H Stewart, David M Colquhoun, Simone L Marschner, Adrienne C Kirby, John Simes, Paul J Nestel, Nick Glozier, Adrienne O'Neil, Brian Oldenburg, Harvey D White, Andrew M Tonkin
BACKGROUND: A single assessment of psychological distress, which includes depression and anxiety, has been associated with increased mortality in patients with coronary heart disease, but the prognostic importance of persistence of distress symptoms is less certain. AIM: To determine whether intermittent and/or persistent psychological distress is associated with long-term cardiovascular (CV) and total mortality in patients with stable coronary artery disease. METHODS: 950 participants in the Long-Term Intervention with Pravastatin in Ischaemic Disease (LIPID) trial completed at least four General Health Questionnaires (GHQ-30) at baseline and after ½, 1, 2 and 4 years...
June 26, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647057/prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-routine-screening-in-intensive-coronary-care-units
#20
S Morra, F Bughin, K Solecki, M Aboubadra, B Lattuca, F Gouzi, J-C Macia, T-T Cung, S Cade, F Cransac, J-M Davy, Y Dauvilliers, D Corrado, F Roubille
INTRODUCTION: Increased evidence has shown that, despite the maximum care afforded to patients admitted with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), a residual risk of mortality remains, in which obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) appears to be a largely undiagnosed factor, particularly in the intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU). The purpose of this study is to determine whether the systematic screening for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is feasible and may be recommended. The aims of our study are to determine: (1) The estimated prevalence of OSA in patients admitted to the ICCU for ACS determined by a validated, user-friendly portable screening device; (2) The feasibility of the screening in this context; (3) To assess any negative impact of OSA on the severity of ACS...
June 21, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
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