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Australian prescriber

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805552/cyclic-perimenstrual-pain-and-discomfort-and-australian-women-s-associated-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Carole Fisher, Louise Hickman, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
OBJECTIVE: To examine the longitudinal change in Australian women's prevalence of cyclic perimenstrual pain and discomfort and the association between their symptoms and use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). METHOD: Data on endometriosis, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), irregular periods, heavy periods, and severe period pain were collected over a 7-year period from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, for women aged 28 to 33 years in 2006, and at 3-year follow-ups...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805468/long-term-persistence-with-single-pill-fixed-dose-combination-therapy-versus-two-pills-of-amlodipine-and-perindopril-for-hypertension-australian-experience
#2
Leon A Simons, Eric Chung, Michael Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: To study treatment persistence and mortality using a single-pill, fixed-dose combination tablet compared with a two-pill combination for hypertension. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed Australian Pharmaceutical Benefit Scheme records 2011-2014 in a 10% random sample of concessional patients prescribed concomitant amlodipine and perindopril - either as a single-pill, fixed-dose combination tablet (n = 9340) or as two-pill combination therapy (n = 3093)...
August 14, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797450/tube-feeding-during-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer-adherence-and-patient-reported-barriers
#3
Teresa Brown, Merrilyn Banks, Brett G M Hughes, Charles Lin, Lizbeth Kenny, Judith Bauer
OBJECTIVES: The main aim was to investigate the incidence of patient adherence to nutritional tube feeding recommendations in patients with head and neck cancer and to determine patient barriers to meeting tube feeding prescription. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational study from a randomised controlled trial in patients with head and neck cancer deemed at high nutritional risk with prophylactic gastrostomy (n=125). Patients were randomised to receive early tube feeding prior to treatment (intervention group) or standard care...
September 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797304/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-supplement-use-in-australian-residential-aged-care-facilities-in-november-2014
#4
Pippy Walker, Amanda Miller Amberber, Susan Kurrle, Annette Kifley, Ian D Cameron
OBJECTIVE: We sought to establish the prevalence and predictors of adequate vitamin D supplement use, as per current falls prevention guidelines in Australian aged care homes. De-identified medication chart data from November 2014 were collected from pharmacists. The proportion of residents prescribed vitamin D and associations between adequate vitamin D supplementation and state, calcium use and osteoporosis medication use were assessed. RESULTS: The prevalence of adequate vitamin D supplement use (≥800 IU) was 47...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782212/knowledge-of-proprietary-and-generic-drug-names-among-hospital-prescribers-time-to-mandate-generic-prescribing
#5
Joshua S Davis, Thomas Barrett, Lisa Harris
Although medical students are taught clinical pharmacology using generic drug names, prescribing in hospitals often uses brand names. As a result, junior doctors may be prescribing drugs without knowing their nature or mode of action. We carried out a knowledge survey of 81 medical students and doctors at a 650-bed Australian teaching hospital to assess their knowledge of common drugs when given the brand name. We identified 20 commonly prescribed drugs and their brand names based on current hospital inpatients...
August 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776871/practice-activities-of-privately-practicing-nurse-practitioners-results-from-an-australian-survey
#6
Jane Currie, Mary Chiarella, Thomas Buckley
To facilitate expansion of privately-practicing nurse practitioners in community and primary care settings, a legislative amendment in 2010 made privately-practicing nurse practitioners eligible to provide services subsidised through the Medicare Benefits Schedule and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme. To evaluate their practice activities, a national survey of privately-practicing nurse practitioners in Australia was conducted, and data analysed using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis (n = 73)...
August 4, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776149/how-do-oncologists-make-decisions-about-chemotherapy-for-their-older-patients-with-cancer-a-survey-of-australian-oncologists
#7
E B Moth, B E Kiely, V Naganathan, A Martin, P Blinman
PURPOSE: Oncologists are making treatment decisions on increasing numbers of older patients with cancer. Due to comorbidities and frailty that increase with age, such decisions are often complex. We determined factors influencing oncologists' decisions to prescribe chemotherapy for older adults. METHODS: Members of the Medical Oncology Group of Australia (MOGA) were invited to complete an online survey in February to April 2016. RESULTS: Ninety-three oncologists completed the survey of which 69 (74%) were consultants and 24 (26%) were trainees, with most (72, 77%) working predominantly in a public hospital-associated practice...
August 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772094/pharmacovigilance-in-hospice-palliative-care-net-effect-of-haloperidol-for-nausea-or-vomiting
#8
Madeline Digges, Akram Hussein, Andrew Wilcock, Gregory B Crawford, Jason W Boland, Meera R Agar, Aynharan Sinnarajah, David C Currow, Miriam J Johnson
BACKGROUND: Haloperidol is widely prescribed as an antiemetic in patients receiving palliative care, but there is limited evidence to support and refine its use. OBJECTIVE: To explore the immediate and short-term net clinical effects of haloperidol when treating nausea and/or vomiting in palliative care patients. DESIGN: A prospective, multicenter, consecutive case series. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Twenty-two sites, five countries: consultative, ambulatory, and inpatient services...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761744/discussing-and-prescribing-expensive-unfunded-anticancer-drugs-in-australia
#9
Deme John Karikios, Linda Mileshkin, Andrew Martin, Danielle Ferraro, Martin R Stockler
OBJECTIVE: Australia has a publicly funded universal healthcare system which heavily subsidises the cost of most registered anticancer drugs. The use of anticancer drugs that are unfunded, that is, not subsidised by the government, entails substantial out-of-pocket costs for patients. We sought to determine how frequently Australian medical oncologists discuss and prescribe unfunded anticancer drugs, and their attitudes and beliefs about their use. METHODS: Members of the Medical Oncology Group of Australia (MOGA) completed an online survey about their clinical practices over a recent 3-month period...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759866/oral-health-impacts-of-medications-used-to-treat-mental-illness
#10
N Cockburn, A Pradhan, M W Taing, S Kisely, P J Ford
BACKGROUND: Many psychotropic medications affect oral health. This review identified oral side effects for antidepressant, antipsychotic, anticonvulsant, antianxiety and sedative drugs that are recommended in Australia for the management of common mental illnesses and provides recommendations to manage these side-effects. METHODS: The Australian Therapeutic Guidelines and the Australian Medicines Handbook were searched for medications used to treat common mental health conditions...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749577/prevalence-and-determinants-of-antibiotic-exposure-in-infants-a-population-derived-australian-birth-cohort-study
#11
Hayley Anderson, Peter Vuillermin, Kim Jachno, Katrina J Allen, Mimi Lk Tang, Fiona Collier, Andrew Kemp, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, David Burgner
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe antibiotic exposure in Australian infants during the first year of life, focusing on antibiotic class, indication, risk factors associated with exposure and comparison with international counterparts. METHODS: The Barwon Infant Study is a birth cohort study (n = 1074) with an unselected antenatal sampling frame from a large regional centre in Victoria, Australia. Longitudinal data on infection and medication were collected at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months by parental questionnaire and from general practitioner and hospital records...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747113/developing-a-metformin-prescribing-tool-for-use-in-adults-with-mental-illness-to-reduce-medication-related-weight-gain-and-cardiovascular-risk
#12
Cassie Smith, Hannah Myles, Cherrie Galletly
OBJECTIVES: There is considerable evidence that metformin reduces weight gain associated with antipsychotic medication. The aim of this study was to develop an easy-to-use metformin prescribing tool in order to enable clinicians to prescribe metformin safely and confidently. METHODS: The authors undertook a survey of clinicians and reviewed the published literature and existing guidelines concerning the use of metformin to reduce weight gain in adults with mental illness...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745564/patient-and-clinician-perspectives-of-an-integrated-electronic-medication-prescribing-and-dispensing-system-a-qualitative-study-at-a-multisite-australian-hospital-network
#13
Grace Lau, Jayde Ho, Susan Lin, Karen Yeoh, Tiffany Wan, Marisa Hodgkinson
BACKGROUND: While clinician attitudes towards electronic prescribing (e-prescribing) systems have been widely studied, little is known about the perspectives of patients, despite being the primary beneficiaries of these systems. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore and compare patient and clinician attitudes towards an integrated e-prescribing and dispensing system, in order to guide improvements in system implementation, service delivery and enhancements to system functionality...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730757/psoriatic-arthritis-treatment-regimens-therapy-duration-and-reasons-for-cessation-in-the-biologics-era-a-multi-centre-australian-study
#14
Kathleen Tymms, Ayano Kelly, Paul Bird, Hedley Griffiths, Julien de Jager, Geoff Littlejohn, Sandra Louw, Lynden Roberts, Peter Youssef, Jane Zochling, Dave Nichols
AIM: To describe the treatment regimens, duration of therapy and reasons for disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) cessation in a large psoriatic arthritis (PsA) cohort. METHODS: A retrospective non-interventional multi-centre study using Audit4 electronic medical records, with de-identified, routinely collected clinical data from rheumatology practices in the OPAL consortium (Optimising Patient outcomes in Australian rheumatoLogy) during November 2015. Baseline characteristics, type and duration of conventional and biologic DMARDs (cDMARD and bDMARD, respectively), disease activity (Disease Activity Score of 28 joints C-reactive protein [DAS28-CRP]), and reasons for treatment cessation were recorded...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728560/patient-oriented-education-and-medication-management-intervention-for-people-with-decompensated-cirrhosis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Kelly L Hayward, Jennifer H Martin, W Neil Cottrell, Antara Karmakar, Leigh U Horsfall, Preya J Patel, David D Smith, Katharine M Irvine, Elizabeth E Powell, Patricia C Valery
BACKGROUND: People with decompensated cirrhosis require complex medical care and are often prescribed an intricate and frequently changing medication and lifestyle regimen. However, many patients mismanage their medications or have poor comprehension of their disease and self-management tasks. This can lead to harm, hospitalization, and death. METHODS/DESIGN: A patient-oriented education and medication management intervention has been developed for implementation at a tertiary hospital hepatology outpatient center in Queensland, Australia...
July 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703092/pharmaceutical-benefits-advisory-committee-recommendations-in-australia
#16
Erika Turkstra, Emilie Bettington, Maria L Donohue, Merehau C Mervin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine submissions made to the Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee (PBAC) and assess whether the predicted financial impact was associated with a recommendation. The second objective was to assess whether the financial and utilization estimates for listing the proposed medicine were reliable. METHODS: Data were extracted from public summary documents of major submissions considered by the PBAC from 2012 to 2014. Information collected included whether submissions were accepted, rejected, or deferred; estimated use; and financial impact...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702089/diabetes-educator-role-boundaries-in-australia-a-documentary-analysis
#17
Olivia King, Susan Nancarrow, Sandra Grace, Alan Borthwick
BACKGROUND: Diabetes educators provide self-management education for people living with diabetes to promote optimal health and wellbeing. Their national association is the Australian Diabetes Educators Association (ADEA), established in 1981. In Australia the diabetes educator workforce is a diverse, interdisciplinary entity, with nurses, podiatrists, dietitians and several other health professional groups recognised by ADEA as providers of diabetes education. Historically nurses have filled the diabetes educator role and anecdotally, nurses are perceived to have wider scope of practice when undertaking the diabetes educator role than the other professions eligible to practise diabetes education...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701117/antibiotics-for-acute-respiratory-infections-in-general-practice-comparison-of-prescribing-rates-with-guideline-recommendations
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Amanda R McCullough, Allan J Pollack, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Paul P Glasziou, David Fm Looke, Helena C Britt, Christopher B Del Mar
OBJECTIVE: To compare the current rate of antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in Australian general practice with the recommendations in the most widely consulted therapeutic guidelines in Australia (Therapeutic Guidelines). DESIGN AND SETTING: Comparison of general practice activity data for April 2010 - March 2015 (derived from Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health [BEACH] study) with estimated rates of prescribing recommended by Therapeutic Guidelines...
July 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680512/the-presenting-and-prescribing-patterns-of-migraine-in-an-australian-emergency-department-a-descriptive-exploratory-study
#19
Emily Shao, James Hughes, Rob Eley
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common neurological condition that frequently presents to the emergency department (ED). Many medications are available to treat migraine. This study aims to characterize the demographics of patients who present to a large metropolitan ED with migraine, and to identify the medications used in treating this condition. METHODS: This study is a retrospective database interrogation of clinical records, used to collect quantitative data on patient demographics and medication prescriptions in the ED...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671945/are-scabies-and-impetigo-normalised-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study-of-hospitalised-children-in-northern-australia-assessing-clinical-recognition-and-treatment-of-skin-infections
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Daniel K Yeoh, Aleisha Anderson, Gavin Cleland, Asha C Bowen
BACKGROUND: Complications of scabies and impetigo such as glomerulonephritis and invasive bacterial infection in Australian Aboriginal children remain significant problems and the overall global burden of disease attributable to these skin infections remains high despite the availability of effective treatment. We hypothesised that one factor contributing to this high burden is that skin infection is under-recognised and hence under-treated, in settings where prevalence is high. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional study to assess the burden of scabies, impetigo, tinea and pediculosis in children admitted to two regional Australian hospitals from October 2015 to January 2016...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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