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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845009/-establishment-of-medians-for-maternal-serum-markers-in-down-s-syndrome-screening-during-the-second-trimester-of-pregnancy-in-north-central-region-of-jiangxi-province
#1
Yao Long, Yanqiu Liu, Pengpeng Ma, Xueyun You, Huizhen Yuan
To establish the median databases of serum markers for Down's syndrome screening during the second trimester of pregnancy women in the north-central area of Jiangxi Province.
 Methods: Time-resolved fluorometry was used to detect the serum contents of AFP free β-hCG and uE3 in 57 548 pregnant women during 15-20 gestational weeks. Risk evaluation was conducted by LifeCycle 4.0. SAS 9.2 software was used to establish a model of the median fitted equation. The newly constructed median system was used to reassess the risk of Down's syndrome development in pregnant women...
July 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838266/recurrence-of-extreme-serum-analytes-in-consecutive-pregnancies-and-association-with-obstetrical-outcomes
#2
Shelly Soni, David A Krantz, Meir Greenberg, Nidhi Vohra, Burton Rochelson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if presence of extreme maternal serum biochemical analytes recurs in consecutive pregnancies. We hypothesized that presence of >1 extreme analyte in prior pregnancy is associated with increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcome in subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies evaluated and delivered in 2 consecutive pregnancies (2011-2015). Adverse outcomes were defined as indicated preterm delivery before 37 completed weeks due to preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction or other complications...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790549/genetic-counseling-and-prenatal-diagnosis-of-triploidy-during-the-second-trimester-of-pregnancy
#3
Milenko Kolarski, Begzudin Ahmetovic, Maja Beres, Radomir Topic, Vedran Nikic, Ivana Kavecan, Semin Sabic
INTRODUCTION: Triploidy is a lethal chromosomal numeric abnormality, characterized on extra haploid set of chromosomes. It occurs in 2 to 3% of conceptuses and accounts for approximately 20% of chromosomally abnormal first-trimester miscarriages. As such, triploidy is estimated to occur in 1 of 3,500 pregnancies at 12 weeks', 1 in 30,000 at 16 weeks', and 1 in 250,000 at 20 weeks' gestation. CASE REPORT: We present a case of second-trimester triploidy diagnosed prenataly at our center...
April 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646728/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-vasa-previa-on-feto-placental-hormonal-synthesis-and-fetal-growth
#4
Yaakov Melcer, Ron Maymon, Marina Pekar-Zlotin, Orna Levinsohn-Tavor, Josef Tovbin, Eric Jauniaux
INTRODUCTION: A vasa previa (VP) refers to aberrant chorionic vessels which can either connect the chorionic plate to a velamentous cord (type I) or a succenturiate or accessory lobe to the main placental mass (type II). METHODS: We performed retrospective cohort study of 32 singleton pregnancies diagnosed with VP. The levels of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and unconjugated estriol (uE3) were measured at 15-18 weeks as part of the triple test screening for Trisomy 21...
June 16, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392734/proficiency-testing-of-maternal-serum-prenatal-screening-in-second-trimester-in-china-2015
#5
Xiaoyan Zhang, Wei Wang, Falin He, Kun Zhong, Shuai Yuan, Zhiguo Wang
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal screening and diagnosis is important for the detection of birth defects and genetic diseases. The nationwide proficiency testing (PT) of maternal serum prenatal screening in second trimester in China has been launched since 2003 and partly reflected the performance of screening laboratories. This study analysed the 2015 PT results to examine the performance of clinical laboratories and different platforms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen lyophilized samples with different concentrations divided into three panels, were distributed to 613 clinical laboratories in 2015...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385051/the-mid-gestation-triple-test-profile-among-women-diagnosed-with-vasa-previa
#6
Yaakov Melcer, Reuven Sharony, Marina Pekar-Zlotin, Josef Tovbin, Noam Smorgick, Howard Cuckle, Ron Maymon
Purpose To assess the mid-trimester triple test biomarkers among women diagnosed with vasa previa. Methods The study included 43 singleton pregnancies diagnosed with vasa previa between the years 1988 to 2011. The mid-gestation screening test for Down syndrome was calculated from the combination of triple serum markers and maternal age, and expressed as a multiple of the gestation specific normal mean (MoM). Reference MoM values were calculated from the local population. The levels of mid-gestation maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and unconjugated estriol (uE3) of patients with VP were compared with control reference group...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295159/first-and-second-trimester-serum-tests-with-and-without-first-trimester-ultrasound-tests-for-down-s-syndrome-screening
#7
REVIEW
S Kate Alldred, Yemisi Takwoingi, Boliang Guo, Mary Pennant, Jonathan J Deeks, James P Neilson, Zarko Alfirevic
BACKGROUND: Down's syndrome occurs when a person has three copies of chromosome 21 (or the specific area of chromosome 21 implicated in causing Down's syndrome) rather than two. It is the commonest congenital cause of mental disability. Non-invasive screening based on biochemical analysis of maternal serum or urine, or fetal ultrasound measurements, allows estimates of the risk of a pregnancy being affected and provides information to guide decisions about definitive testing.  Before agreeing to screening tests, parents need to be fully informed about the risks, benefits and possible consequences of such a test...
March 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295158/first-trimester-ultrasound-tests-alone-or-in-combination-with-first-trimester-serum-tests-for-down-s-syndrome-screening
#8
REVIEW
S Kate Alldred, Yemisi Takwoingi, Boliang Guo, Mary Pennant, Jonathan J Deeks, James P Neilson, Zarko Alfirevic
BACKGROUND: Down's syndrome occurs when a person has three, rather than two copies of chromosome 21; or the specific area of chromosome 21 implicated in causing Down's syndrome. It is the commonest congenital cause of mental disability and also leads to numerous metabolic and structural problems. It can be life-threatening, or lead to considerable ill health, although some individuals have only mild problems and can lead relatively normal lives. Having a baby with Down's syndrome is likely to have a significant impact on family life...
March 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164510/the-status-of-quality-control-investigation-and-analysis-for-maternal-serum-marker-of-prenatal-screening-laboratories-in-china
#9
Falin He, Wei Wang, Kun Zhong, Shuai Yuan, Zhiguo Wang
BACKGROUND: This national survey was initiated to investigate the current status of quality control practice of prenatal screening by statistical analysis of the previous half year data of prenatal screening in 2015. METHODS: Data were sent to all Chinese prenatal screening centers via the National Quality Assessment Scheme. This covered the software used, the risk cutoffs, monthly sample throughput, monthly median MoM of AFP, HCG, β-HCG, free β-HCG and uE3, monthly screening positive rates for trisomy 21, trisomy 18, and Open Neural Tube Defect (ONTD)...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27073636/second-trimester-maternal-serum-triple-screening-marker-levels-in-normal-twin-and-singleton-pregnancies
#10
Feng Ren, Y U Hu, Huan Zhou, Wen-Ying Zhu, L I Jia, Jing-Jing Xu, Jing Xue
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the serum levels of α-fetoprotein (AFP), free-β-human chorionic gonadotropin (free-β-hCG) and unconjugated estriol (uE3) in second trimester maternal serum and comparative analysis of serum markers levels in normal twin and singleton pregnancies, and to evaluate the feasible methods for the screening performances of triple markers in twin pregnancy. The levels of maternal serum markers were measured by magnetic microparticle chemiluminescence immunoassay in the second trimester...
April 2016: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27016780/ultrasound-and-endocrinological-markers-of-first-trimester-placentation-and-subsequent-fetal-size
#11
A L David, E Jauniaux
INTRODUCTION: To study the relationship between 2-dimensional placental ultrasound measurements and maternal serum (MS) levels of biomarkers of placentation and in pregnancies presenting with an isolated abnormally high or low birthweight at term, without evidence of placental insufficiency. METHOD: We performed a population based cohort study of 306 pregnancies delivered at term including 30 presenting with large-for-gestational age (LGA, birthweight > 90th centile) and 17 small-for-gestational age (SGA; birthweight < 10th centile)...
April 2016: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26938756/replacing-alpha-fetoprotein-with-alpha-fetoprotein-l3-increases-the-sensitivity-of-prenatal-screening-for-trisomy-21
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lei Huai, Jianhang Leng, Shenglin Ma, Fang Huang, Junya Shen, Yu Ding
This study aimed to investigate the serum concentration of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-L3 in midterm pregnancies and its potential application in prenatal trisomy screening. The serum samples from 27 women with trisomy 21 fetuses and 800 women with normal fetuses were examined to measure the concentrations of AFP, AFP-L3, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), unconjugated estriol (uE3), and inhibin-A. The screening results of various tests consisting of these markers were analyzed. In normal pregnancies within 15-20 weeks of gestation, the medians of serum AFP-L3 were 4...
November 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26887039/a-technical-and-clinical-evaluation-of-a-new-assay-for-inhibin-a-and-its-use-in-second-trimester-down-syndrome-screening
#13
Georgina Wilson, Päivi Liitti, Tuukka Pölönen, Mikko Sairanen, Kevin Spencer
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to compare a new AutoDELFIA® Inhibin A kit (B064-102) with the Access Inhibin A kit (A36097) using clinical specimens and to evaluate the AutoDELFIA® Inhibin A assay performance in screening for Down syndrome in the second trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: Using clinical samples, we performed a method comparison between new and existing inhibin A kits and assessed AutoDELFIA® Inhibin A kit precision performance. Normal median values for the second trimester of pregnancy were also determined...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26617074/first-trimester-serum-tests-for-down-s-syndrome-screening
#14
REVIEW
S Kate Alldred, Yemisi Takwoingi, Boliang Guo, Mary Pennant, Jonathan J Deeks, James P Neilson, Zarko Alfirevic
BACKGROUND: Down's syndrome occurs when a person has three, rather than two copies of chromosome 21; or the specific area of chromosome 21 implicated in causing Down's syndrome. It is the commonest congenital cause of mental disability and also leads to numerous metabolic and structural problems. It can be life-threatening, or lead to considerable ill health, although some individuals have only mild problems and can lead relatively normal lives. Having a baby with Down's syndrome is likely to have a significant impact on family life...
November 30, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26370672/autism-spectrum-disorder-risk-in-relation-to-maternal-mid-pregnancy-serum-hormone-and-protein-markers-from-prenatal-screening-in-california
#15
Gayle C Windham, Kristen Lyall, Meredith Anderson, Martin Kharrazi
We examined prenatal screening markers and offspring autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using California statewide data on singleton births in 1996 and 2002. Second trimester levels of unconjugated estriol (uE3), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) were compared between mothers of children with ASD (n = 2586) and of non-cases (n = 600,103). Adjusted odds ratios (AOR) were calculated by logistic regression. Lower uE3 (AOR for < 10th percentile vs. 25th-74th percentiles = 1...
February 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26105511/novel-chemiluminescent-imaging-microtiter-plates-for-high-throughput-detection-of-multiple-serum-biomarkers-related-to-down-s-syndrome-via-soybean-peroxidase-as-label-enzyme
#16
Fang Zhao, Da Chai, Jusheng Lu, Jiachao Yu, Songqin Liu
Novel chemiluminescent (CL) imaging microtiter plates with high-throughput, low-cost, and simple operation for detection of four biomarkers related to Down's syndrome screening were developed and evaluated. To enhance the sensitivity of CL immunosensing, soybean peroxidase (SBP) was used instead of horseradish peroxide (HRP) as a label enzyme. The microtiter plates were fabricated by simultaneously immobilizing four capture monoclonal antibodies, anti-inhibin-A, anti-unconjugated oestriol (anti-uE3), anti-alpha-fetoprotein (anti-AFP), and beta anti-HCG (anti-β-HCG), on nitrocellulose (NC) membrane to form immunosensing microtiter wells...
August 2015: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26042836/elevated-serum-level-of-il-35-associated-with-the-maintenance-of-maternal-fetal-immune-tolerance-in-normal-pregnancy
#17
Chao-yan Yue, Bin Zhang, Chun-mei Ying
OBJECTIVES: IL-35 is a novel inhibitory cytokine. In this study, we investigate the serum levels of inhibitory cytokines IL-35, IL-10 and TGF-β in both normal pregnancies and non-pregnant females, and whether IL-35 is associated with the pathogenesis of recurrent spontaneous abortion. We also try to elucidate the relationships of IL-35 with estrogen and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). METHODS: The levels of IL-35, IL-10, TGF-β, estradiol (E2), unconjugated estriol (uE3) and AFP were analyzed in 120 normal pregnancies, 40 women suffering recurrent spontaneous abortion, 40 postpartum healthy women and 40 non-pregnant women by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25925560/maternal-anxiety-and-the-second-trimester-prenatal-screening-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Sanaz Mousavi, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh, Mahdi Sheikh, Mamak Shariat
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effects of maternal anxiety on the markers and results of quadruple screening and on maternal anxiety after receiving positive results. METHODS: This prospective cohort study evaluated 1,595 pregnant women referred for prenatal visits. Maternal state/trait anxiety levels were measured, then quadruple screening was performed by measuring serum α-fetoprotein (AFP), β-human chorionic gonadotropin, inhibin A, and unconjugated estriol (UE3)...
2015: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25877605/-the-value-of-maternal-first-and-second-trimester-serum-data-of-%C3%AE-hcg-papp-a-afp-and-ue3-in-the-prediction-of-preeclampsia
#19
Wei Gu, Jing Lin, Yanyan Hou
OBJECTIVE: To discover the value of combined maternal first and second-trimester serum β-hCG, pregnancy associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), alpha-fetoprotein(AFP)and unconjugated estriol (uE3) in the prediction of preeclampsia. METHODS: A total of 1 805 pregnant women who had antenatal care at International Peace Maternal and Child Health Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University between April 2012 and June 2013 were selected prospectively by random method...
February 2015: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25537246/-predictive-value-of-abnormal-second-trimester-maternal-serum-triple-screening-markers-for-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes
#20
Zhuming Hu, Xiangyin Liu, Linlin Li, Chunshu Jia, Dejun Li, Ruizhi Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive value of abnormal multiples of the median (MoM) of second trimester maternal serum triple screening (STMSTS) markers for adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: 16 000 singleton pregnancies at 15⁺⁰ to 20⁺⁵ weeks' gestation who underwent STMSTS between July 2010 and January 2013 in the First Hospital of Jilin University were recruited. Maternal serum AFP, free β-hCG (F-β-hCG) and unconjugated estriol (uE3) levels were measured using time- resolved fluoroimmunoassay, and then converted to MoM...
October 2014: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
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