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cisplatin adriamycin

S Wang, Z Zou, X Luo, Y Mi, H Chang, D Xing
Liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH1) has been shown to promote tumor proliferation and development. However, the functions of LRH1 in mediating cancer cells chemoresistance are still not clear. Here, we found LRH1 levels were significantly elevated in primary breast cancer tissues in patients who developed early recurrence. Similarly, adriamycin (ADR)-resistant breast cancer cell lines also exerted high LRH1 expression. Indeed, overexpression of LRH1 attenuated cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs ADR and cisplatin (DDP) in breast cancer cells in vitro and in nude mice tumor model...
March 16, 2018: Oncogene
Corey Toocheck, Daniel Pinkhas
Cardiac extramedullary plasmacytomas (EMPs) are rare and may be a seen as a complication of multiple myeloma (MM) or in isolation. Here, we describe a case of cardiac EMP that presented clinically as a congestive heart failure exacerbation in a patient with relapsed and refractory IgG lambda MM. We highlight radiographic imaging in conjunction with laboratory biomarkers at presentation and in response to D-PACE (dexamethasone, cisplatin (Platinol), doxorubicin (Adriamycin), cyclophosphamide and etoposide) systemic chemotherapy...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Minlan Yang, Hairi Li, Yanru Li, Yang Ruan, Chengshi Quan
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major problem in the treatment of breast cancer. In the present study, next-generation sequencing technology was employed to identify differentially expressed genes in MCF‑7/MDR cells and MCF‑7 cells, and aimed to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms of MDR in breast cancer. Differentially expressed genes between MCF‑7/MDR and MCF‑7 cells were selected using software; a total of 2085 genes were screened as differentially expressed in MCF‑7/MDR cells. Furthermore, gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed using the DAVID database...
March 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Marthandam Asokan Shibu, M Ravichandran, M Shanmugavadivu, Bharath Kumar Velmurugan
This article recapitulates the existing in vitro and in vivo studies focusing on the effects of neferine-an alkaloid derivative of lotus plant, in various disease models and its effects on key signaling molecules. The review also compiles a large number of research studies that demonstrate methods for isolation and extraction, biosynthetic pathway, pharmacological activity and mode of action of neferine and their underlying mechanisms at cellular level. Neferine is a unique bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid that possesses a number of therapeutic effects such as anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-aging, anti-microbial, anti-thrombotic, anti-arrhythmic, anti-inflammatory and even anti-HIV...
February 27, 2018: Life Sciences
Chihiro Udagawa, Yasushi Sasaki, Hiroshi Suemizu, Yasuyuki Ohnishi, Hiroshi Ohnishi, Takashi Tokino, Hitoshi Zembutsu
Although there has been progress moving from a 'one-size-fits-all' cytotoxic approach to personalized molecular medicine, the majority of patients with cancer receive chemotherapy using cytotoxic anticancer drugs. The sequencing analysis of 409 genes associated with cancer was conducted in the present study using 59 DNA sequences extracted from human cancer xenografts implanted into nude mice, of which sensitivity to 9 cytotoxic anticancer drugs [5-fluorouracil, nimustine, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, cisplatin, mitomycin C (MMC), methotrexate, vincristine (VCR), and vinblastine] was examined...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Kwonoh Park, Miyoung Woo, Jeong Eun Kim, Jin-Hee Ahn, Kyung Hae Jung, Jin Roh, Gyungyub Gong, Sung-Bae Kim
This study aims to assess cell-free DNA (CFD) by a fluorescence assay as a biomarker for early prediction of a pathologic complete response (pCR) and relapse in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Patients with clinical stage II or III TNBC scheduled for neoadjuvant chemotherapy were prospectively enrolled. All patients underwent four cycles of Adriamycin plus cyclophosphamide (AC), followed by four cycles of cisplatin or docetaxel chemotherapy and surgery...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Reghu Kesavapillai Sukumaran, Binitha Rajeshwari, Subin Sugath, S Guruprasad Chellappan, Priyakumari Thankamony, Kusumakumary Parukuttyamma
Background: Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant tumor of bone. The survival of OS patients has steadily improved from <20% in the early 20th century to around 70% with current treatment. There are very few studies in pediatric OS from India analyzing various aspects of the disease. This study focuses on the clinical profile, treatment options, and their complications and survival outcomes in pediatric osteosarcoma (OS) patients. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective observational study which included pediatric patients <14 years of age, with newly diagnosed OS confirmed by histological diagnosis...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Toshiya Kamiyama, Tatsuhiko Kakisaka, Tatsuya Orimo, Kenji Wakayama
Despite surgical removal of tumors with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, early recurrence tends to occur, and overall survival (OS) periods remain extremely short. The role that hepatectomy may play in long-term survival for HCC with PVTT has not been established. The operative mortality of hepatectomy for HCC with PVTT has also not been reviewed. Hence, we reviewed recent literature to assess these parameters. The OS of patients who received hepatectomy in conjunction with multidisciplinary treatment tended to be superior to that of patients who did not...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
Benjamin Pradère, Constance Thibault, Malte W Vetterlein, Jeffrey J Leow, Benoit Peyronnet, Morgan Rouprêt, Thomas Seisen
The role of perioperative chemotherapy associated with radical cystectomy (RC) for muscle-invasive bladder cancer has been analyzed in several landmark randomized controlled trials (RCTs) over the past decades. With regard to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), a meta-analysis of level 1 evidence and long-term results from the largest RCTs support its use, which is currently advocated as the standard of care by most of the clinical guidelines worldwide. However, with regard to the delivery of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC), evidence is more contentious...
December 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
Feng Zhou, Han-Zhang Huang, Meng-Tao Zhou, Shao-Liang Han
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to improve the preoperative diagnostic accuracy and treatment results by investigating the clinical features and prognosis of primary liver sarcoma (PLS). METHODS: Clinical data, surgical treatments, adjuvant chemotherapy, and prognosis of 17 PLS patients whose diseases were pathologically confirmed were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The main clinical symptoms included epigastric pain in 9 patients, epigastric distention in 7, and loss of appetite in 4; these symptoms were detected during the postoperative follow-up for gastric carcinoma in 1...
January 18, 2018: Digestive Surgery
Akiko Kanzaki, Shin-Ichi Ansai, Takashi Ueno, Seiji Kawana, Akira Shimizu, Zenya Naito, Hidehisa Saeki
A 72-year-old man was referred to our hospital for treatment of an ulcer that had been growing on his back for 10 years. Physical examination showed an ulcerated tumor from the neck to the back and swollen cervical lymph nodes. The tumor size was 12×9 cm. Histology of the biopsy showed a nodular and morpheic basal cell carcinoma (BCC). A chest computed tomography (CT) scan showed multiple lung tumors. CT-guided biopsy of the lung and the cervical lymph node revealed metastatic basal cell carcinoma (MBCC). The primary skin tumor was resected and a total of 10 courses of cisplatin (25 mg/m2/day×75%) and adriamycin (50 mg/m2×75%) were administered for metastatic basal cell carcinoma (MBCC)...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
Zhenhuan Jiang, Jiannong Jiang, Bizeng Zhao, Huilin Yang, Yunliang Wang, Shang Guo, Youping Deng, Deyi Lu, Tieliang Ma, Hongwei Wang, Jinzhi Wang
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignancy of the bone affecting children and adolescents. Copine 1 (CPNE1) is a highly conserved calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding protein and may function in regulating signal transduction and membrane trafficking. In the present study, we investigated CPNE1 expression in osteosarcoma tissues and cells, and studied the effects of small interfering RNA (siRNA)-targeting CPNE1 on proliferation, metastasis and chemosensitivity of the osteosarcoma cells. The results demonstrated that CPNE1 was highly expressed in the osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines...
February 2018: Oncology Reports
O Ates, S Aksoy, H Yeter, V Sunar, N Kertmen, O Dizdar, A Turker, A Kars
BACKGROUND: Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a malignant mesenchymal tumor, which comprises 5%-10% of all the sarcomas. There is insufficient information on prognostic factors and salvage treatments of advanced SS. In this study, we aimed to further clarify the clinicopathological features, prognostic factors, and treatment modalities in advanced SS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 45 SS patients followed up between 2001 and 2015 at our cancer institute, Department of Medical Oncology, were retrospectively evaluated...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
Minlan Yang, Yanru Li, Xiangfeng Shen, Yang Ruan, Yan Lu, Xiangshu Jin, Peiye Song, Yantong Guo, Xiaoli Zhang, Huinan Qu, Yijia Shao, Chengshi Quan
BACKGROUND: Claudin-6 (CLDN6), a member of CLDN family and a key component of tight junction, has been reported to function as a tumor suppressor in breast cancer. However, whether CLDN6 plays any role in breast cancer chemoresistance remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of CLDN6 in the acquisition of chemoresistance in breast cancer cells. METHODS: We manipulated the expression of CLDN6 in MCF-7 and MCF-7/MDR cells with lv-CLDN6 and CLDN6-shRNA and investigated whether CLDN6 manipulation lead to different susceptibilities to several chemotherapeutic agents in these cells...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Chenjing Zhu, Jiaming Liu, Jing Zhang, Qingfang Li, Qisi Lian, Jing Xu, Xuelei Ma
We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of dose-dense chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with urothelial carcinoma. A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Collaboration's Central register of controlled trials (CENTRAL) for relevant articles. Data was obtained from 10 trials with a total of 1093 patients. The pooled pathologic complete response (pCR) was 27.8% in the ten studies with a full cohort of 684 patients who received dose-dense methotrexate, vinblastine, adriamycin and cisplatin (dd-MVAC)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
Silvia Carloni, Giulia Gallerani, Anna Tesei, Emanuela Scarpi, Giorgio Maria Verdecchia, Salvatore Virzì, Francesco Fabbri, Chiara Arienti
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the correlation between ploidy or S-phase fraction (SPF) and the clinical pathological characteristics of patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from ovarian cancer. We also assessed their relation with the in vivo and in vitro response to several chemotherapeutic agents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-three patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from ovarian cancer were enrolled. Frozen tumor tissue was dissociated by a detergent-trypsin method, and the resulting cell suspension was stained with RNase A and propidium iodide...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
Irappa Madabhavi, Gaurang Modi, Apurva Patel, Asha Anand, Harsha Panchal, Sonia Parikh
BACKGROUND: Bleomycin-induced pulmonary (BIP) toxicity is a notorious entity and cropped up in roughly 10% of cases. The aim of the study is to evaluate BIP at our tertiary care cancer center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, analytical study conducted at a tertiary care center from January 1998 to December 2012. Records of all the patients who were offered bleomycin chemotherapy as an integral part of adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine or bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin regimen in Hodgkin disease (HD) or germ cell tumor (GCT) were studied for the study inclusion criteria...
July 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Anne C Harttrampf, Qingrong Chen, Eva Jüttner, Julia Geiger, Gordon Vansant, Javed Khan, Udo Kontny
BACKGROUND: Nephroblastoma and neuroblastoma belong to the most common abdominal malignancies in childhood. Similarities in the initial presentation may provide difficulties in distinguishing between these two entities, especially if unusual variations to prevalent patterns of disease manifestation occur. Because of the risk of tumor rupture, European protocols do not require biopsy for diagnosis, which leads to misdiagnosis in some cases. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on a 4½-year-old girl with a renal tumor displaying radiological and laboratory characteristics supporting the diagnosis of nephroblastoma...
August 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Seiko Bun, Kan Yonemori, Toru Akagi, Emi Noguchi, Tatsunori Shimoi, Akihiko Shimomura, Mayu Yunokawa, Chikako Shimizu, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Yoshinori Makino, Yoshikazu Hayashi, Kenji Tamura
Background To determine the feasibility and efficacy of olanzapine, which is approved by the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency as multi acting receptor targeted antipsychotic agent of the thienobenzodiazepine class, for prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in patients undergoing continuous five-day chemotherapy. Patients and methods This study was a prospective dose escalation study at a single center (UMIN ID: UMIN000015386). Patients received a combination of adriamycin and ifosfamide (AI) or a combination of bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP)...
July 21, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
Jing-Qiu Li, Xian Wu, Lu Gan, Xiang-Liang Yang, Ze-Hong Miao
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most refractory cancers. The mechanisms by which hypoxia further aggravates therapeutic responses of advanced HCC to anticancer drugs remain to be clarified. Here, we report that hypoxia (1% O2 ) caused 2.55-489.7-fold resistance to 6 anticancer drugs (sorafenib, 5-fluorouracil [5-FU], gemcitabine, cisplatin, adriamycin and 6-thioguanine) in 3 HCC cell lines (BEL-7402, HepG2 and SMMC-7721). Among the 6 drugs, sorafenib, the sole one approved for HCC therapy, inhibited proliferation with little influence from hypoxia and displayed the smallest variation among the 3 HCC cell lines tested...
December 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
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