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Sclerosis disseminata

Gerwyn Morris, Michael Maes
BACKGROUND: 'Encephalomyelitis disseminata' (multiple sclerosis) and myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) are both classified as diseases of the central nervous system by the World Health Organization. This review aims to compare the phenomenological and neuroimmune characteristics of MS with those of ME/CFS. DISCUSSION: There are remarkable phenomenological and neuroimmune overlaps between both disorders. Patients with ME/CFS and MS both experience severe levels of disabling fatigue and a worsening of symptoms following exercise and resort to energy conservation strategies in an attempt to meet the energy demands of day-to-day living...
September 17, 2013: BMC Medicine
S A Hasan, A B Siddiq, A Moula, M R Khasru, M S Kaiser, A K Salek
Osteopoikilosis is very rare autosomal dominant disorder of unknown etiology which is found incidentally on radiological examination. It is also known as Albers-Schonberg disease or osteopathia condensans disseminata, characterized by the presence of multiple and often symmetrical radio-dense lesion in osseous tissue. Here we report a case of osteopoikilosis in a 30 years old man presented with left hip joint pain and restricted movements. Radiological study showed typical features of osteopoikilosis. Necessary investigations were done to exclude osteoblastic metastasis, tuberous sclerosis and synovial chondromatosis...
April 2010: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 1950: Nordisk Medicin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1950: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1963: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
T Hagen, G Schweigerer-Schröter, J Wellnitz, T Würstle
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is one of the best methods in diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, particularly in disclosure of active demyelinating lesions. Aim of this study was to compare diffusion weighted imaging and contrast enhancement in the detection of active lesions. A MR study with a contrast enhanced T1-weighted pulse sequence with magnetization transfer presaturation and a diffusion weighted echoplanar pulse sequence (b = 1000 s/mm2) was performed in 17 patients (11 women, 6 men) with multiple sclerosis...
November 2000: Der Radiologe
W Reiche, S Merkelbach, W Reith
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has developed without doubt to the most important investigation method in multiple sclerosis. MRI is very sensitive to detect MS lesions but unfortunately of limited specificity. The purpose of this review is 1. to work up the MRI characteristics of MS lesions, 2. to derive recommendations for MRT-protocolls for daily radiological work and 3. to discuss new MR developments. MS lesions in the acute inflammatory stage show first an enhancement of GD-DTPA due to break down of the blood brain barrier and develop a T2-hyperintensity due to an edema...
November 2000: Der Radiologe
S Merkelbach, C Kölmel, K Schimrigk
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered as a T-cell mediated autoimmune disease. Caused by central nervous system demyelination and axonal damage varying clinical signs do occur either with relapsing-remitting or with chronic progressive course. Based on pathogenetic considerations immunomodulative and immunosuppressive therapeutical approaches are used to limit the disease progression. Clinical symptoms, diagnostic criteria, pathogenetical considerations, and consecutive therapeutical interventions are summarized...
November 2000: Der Radiologe
F L Welter, I Meyer-Hoepfel, S Preis
Owing to the changes in the laws governing the health care system, medical rehabilitation for patients treated as in-patients is becoming increasingly a subject of discussion, especially for chronic illnesses. Using multiple sclerosis (encephalomyelitis disseminata) as an example, a special database is used to examine the courses, contents, improvements or deteriorations seen in in-patient rehabilitation as experienced by 901 patients who were in rehabilitation clinic in the years 1995-1998. This period was selected to allow the ascertainment of possible effects of far-reaching changes in the law taking effect from autumn 1996 onward...
February 2000: Die Rehabilitation
R J Boerner, H P Kapfhammer
Two hundred and twelve patients with clinically evidenced encephalomyelitis disseminata (ED), hospitalized in a neurological hospital, were observed with regard to psychopathological characteristics and cognitive changes in conformity with ICD-10 diagnostic criteria. The basis of this investigation was a standardized psychiatric interview. The age of the patients averaged 47 years whereas the duration of the disease averaged 14.3 years. 83.5% of the patients had a disease history of more than 6 years. The medium range of EDSS scores was 5...
1999: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
G Häring, S Behrendt, B Nölle, G Ciriack
BACKGROUND: Bilateral simultaneous acute amaurosis as a primary manifestation of demyelinating disease is extremely rare. PATIENT: The clinical course of a 24-year-old patient who initially presented with a bilateral complete loss of vision is demonstrated. Morphologically both optic discs appeared slightly blurred and prominent. Otherwise there were no anterior and posterior segment abnormalities. Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid revealed an increased number of cells and protein without oligoclonal bands...
May 1998: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
M Stieve, T Stöver, C Nölle, T Lenarz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1997: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
R J Boerner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1996: Psychiatrische Praxis
U Zwergel, W H Jost, T Lindenmeir, T Zwergel
Patients with disseminated encephalomyelitis have various urological presentations, ranging from pollakisuria to urge incontinence. After detailed evaluation (neuro-urological examination, urodynamic investigation) drug therapy and various interventional methods must be adapted to the individual manifestations. Patients with detrusor hyperreflexia are treated with oral anticholinergic agents (oxybutynin, trospium chloride, propiverine). Patients with urinary retention are recommended to be managed with clean intermittent (self)-catheterisation...
December 1995: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
M Lasar, S Kotterba
Within the framework of preventive measures and therapy of chronic illnesses health psychological theories have contributed to improve knowledge. The analysis of health psychological contributions shows the meaning of "locus of control beliefs" in different diseases. Locus of control is understood as a subjective cognition, able to attribute individual action consequences to specific internal or external features. Differences in general or specific locus of control beliefs may be associated with specific courses of illness...
1993: Archives Suisses de Neurologie et de Psychiatrie
F Mundinger, I Kuhn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1982: Applied Neurophysiology
W Firnhaber, A Prill, H W Stahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 1965: Deutsche Zeitschrift Für Nervenheilkunde
S Dahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1971: Zeitschrift Für Alternsforschung
G Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 1973: Fortschritte der Medizin
T R Payk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1973: Der Nervenarzt
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