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Lingual nerve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913866/communicating-branches-between-lingual-and-hypoglossal-nerve-observation-using-sihler-s-staining-technique
#1
Joe Iwanaga, Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, Yoko Tabira, Moriyoshi Nakamura, Christian Fisahn, R Shane Tubbs, Jingo Kusukawa, Koh-Ichi Yamaki
PURPOSE: Many dental procedures are at risk of injuring the lingual nerve. We performed this study to better elucidate the microanatomy that exists between the ipsilateral lingual and hypoglossal nerves so that iatrogenic injury can be avoided. METHODS: Adult human cadaveric tongues (ten sides) underwent Sihler's staining to identify the microanatomy between the lingual and hypoglossal nerves. RESULTS: The lingual nerve entered the middle part of the anterior two-thirds of the tongue from its lateral side and divided into two to four thick branches...
December 2, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893553/healing-effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-peripheral-nerve-injuries
#2
Farshid Bastami, Peyman Vares, Arash Khojasteh
Regeneration of peripheral nerve injuries (PNIs) has been a major challenging issue in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. Inferior alveolar nerve and lingual nerve injuries are the major difficulties and complications of oral surgeries following dental implant placement, etc. The aim of this study was to systematically review the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the regeneration of PNIs. Medline NCBI databases were searched for related articles up to and including May 2016. Being published in English papers, use of PRP in peripheral nerve regeneration, in vivo studies, and having histological evaluations was the inclusion criteria...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888641/carotid-artery-and-lower-cranial-nerve-exposure-with-increasing-surgical-complexity-to-the-parapharyngeal-space
#3
Ana M Lemos-Rodriguez, Satyan B Sreenath, Rounak B Rawal, Lewis J Overton, Zainab Farzal, Adam M Zanation
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the extent of carotid artery exposure attained, including the identification of the external carotid branches and lower cranial nerves in five sequential external approaches to the parapharyngeal space, and to provide an anatomical algorithm. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomical study. METHODS: Six latex-injected adult cadaver heads were dissected in five consecutive approaches: transcervical approach with submandibular gland removal, posterior extension of the transcervical approach, transcervical approach with parotidectomy, parotidectomy with lateral mandibulotomy, and parotidectomy with mandibulectomy...
November 26, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876721/-prevention-of-lingual-nerve-damage-by-removing-stones-from-submandibular-salivary-gland-duct
#4
V A Semkin, V V Sogacheva
The aim of the study was to elaborate lingual nerve sparing procedure of submandibular gland duct stones extraction. The study involved 43 patients with syalolithiasis treated in Oral Surgery Unit of Central Research Institute of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery in 2013-2015. It was shown that to prevent lingual nerve and artery injury submandibular salivary gland duct should be dissected to the level of obstruction thus allowing adequate visualization of anatomical correlations especially when removing stones from the distal part of the duct...
2016: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857894/buccolingual-course-of-the-inferior-alveolar-canal-in-different-mental-foramen-locations-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study-of-an-iranian-population
#5
Atieh Safaee, Sanam Mirbeigi, Fatemeh Ezoddini, Leila Khojastepour, Alireza Navab-Azam
CONTEXT: Better understanding of the anatomical location and course of the mandibular canal is necessary to avoid damaging inferior alveolar nerve. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the buccolingual course of the inferior alveolar canal (IAC) in different mental foramen locations, using cone beam computed tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and twelve hemimandibular images were evaluated in this study. The location of mental foramen in relation to the apices of mandibular premolar and molar teeth were recorded...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847156/palatal-and-lingual-augmentation-prosthesis-for-patients-with-dysphagia-and-functional-problems-a-clinical-report
#6
Tomohisa Ohno, Ichiro Fujishima
This clinical report describes the treatment of a patient with insufficient tongue movement due to bilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy. A palatal augmentation prosthesis and a mandibular intraoral prosthesis (lingual augmentation prosthesis) were provided for this patient to address his functional dysphagia problems. These problems included insufficient oral to pharynx bolus transportation and displacement of the tongue to the right posterior. The 2 prostheses improved these 2 problems and also the head extension posture during swallowing...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837346/the-effect-of-modified-surgical-flap-design-for-removal-of-lower-third-molars-on-lingual-nerve-injury
#7
Anwar B Bataineh, Ra'ad A Batarseh
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate a modified flap design for removal of lower third molars with avoidance of lingual flap elevation and its effect on postsurgical lingual nerve sensory impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients included in this prospective study were those referred for removal of symptomatic lower third molars at two Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery clinics. Different patterns of impaction were included regarding the angulation and depth of the lower third molar...
November 12, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830370/perceptual-distortion-of-the-tongue-by-lingual-nerve-block-and-topical-application-of-capsaicin-in-healthy-women
#8
Mika Honda, Lene Baad-Hansen, Takashi Iida, Lilja Kristín Dagsdóttir, Osamu Komiyama, Misao Kawara, Peter Svensson
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine reports of perceptual distortion evoked by transient deafferentation and burning pain as models of aspects of burning mouth syndrome (BMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen healthy women took part in three experimental sessions that included exposure to lingual nerve block, capsaicin, and control substance. In each session, reported perceptual distortion and mechanical detection threshold (MDT) were assessed at four areas (the tongue, lower front teeth, lower lip, and right thumb) before and at 5, 15, 30 min and 1 and 3 h after the injection or application...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816431/-mandibular-ameloblastic-fibro-odontoma-in-3-year-old-patient
#9
G Royer, R Lan, J Garçonnet, F Cheynet
INTRODUCTION: The ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (FOA) is a rare benign tumor representing 1-3% of odontogenic tumors. The FOA affects young patients before the age of 20. Surgical treatment allows usually for recovery. Recurrence and malignant transformation are possible. OBSERVATION: A 3-year-old patient, with no medical and surgical history, was referred for a painless swelling of the right cheek progressing for several months. Radiographic examination showed a large mixed lesion...
November 2, 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765550/lingual-nerve-microsurgery-outcomes-using-2-different-conduits-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Matthew T Wilson, Sung-Kiang Chuang, Vincent B Ziccardi
PURPOSE: This study compared a type 1 collagen conduit (NeuraGen) with a porcine small intestinal submucosa conduit (AxoGuard) when used in lingual nerve microsurgery and any differences in achieving functional sensory recovery (FSR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent lingual nerve microsurgery performed by 1 surgeon (V.B.Z.) from 2007 to 2014 had their surgical information obtained by a retrospective review of hospital records and office charts after institutional review board approval...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694783/local-vs-general-anaesthesia-in-the-development-of-neurosensory-disturbances-after-mandibular-third-molars-extraction-a-retrospective-study-of-534-cases
#11
F Costantinides, M Biasotto, M Maglione, R Di Lenarda
BACKGROUND: The choice of the anaesthetic modality is one of the primary steps during planning of third molar surgery. The aim of the present study was to compare the risk of developing neurological injures of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and lingual nerve (LN) in patients treated for wisdom teeth removal under general anaesthesia (GA) with a group treated under local anaesthesia (LA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is an observational retrospective, unicentric study; between September 2013 and September 2014, 534 patients underwent third molar surgery, 194 (36,3%) under GA and 340 (63,7%) under LA by the same oral surgeon...
November 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665952/the-myloglossus-in-a-human-cadaver-study-common-or-uncommon-anatomical-structure
#12
Barbara Buffoli, Marco Ferrari, Francesco Belotti, Davide Lancini, Marco Angelo Cocchi, Mauro Labanca, Manfred Tschabitscher, Rita Rezzani, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella
Additional extrinsic muscles of the tongue are reported in literature and one of them is the myloglossus muscle (MGM). Since MGM is nowadays considered as anatomical variant, the aim of this study is to clarify some open questions by evaluating and describing the myloglossal anatomy (including both MGM and its ligamentous counterpart) during human cadaver dissections. Twenty-one regions (including masticator space, sublingual space and adjacent areas) were dissected and the presence and appearance of myloglossus were considered, together with its proximal and distal insertions, vascularisation and innervation...
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662622/variation-in-lingual-nerve-course-a-human-cadaveric-study
#13
Samah M Al-Amery, Phrabhakaran Nambiar, Murali Naidu, Wei Cheong Ngeow
The lingual nerve is a terminal branch of the mandibular nerve. It is varied in its course and in its relationship to the mandibular alveolar crest, submandibular duct and also the related muscles in the floor of the mouth. This study aims to understand the course of the lingual nerve from the molar area until its insertion into the tongue muscle. This cadaveric research involved the study of 14 hemi-mandibles and consisted of two parts: (i) obtaining morphometrical measurements of the lingual nerve to three landmarks on the alveolar ridge, and (b) understanding non-metrical or morphological appearance of its terminal branches inserting in the ventral surface of the tongue...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564070/piezosurgery-for-excision-of-large-osteoid-osteoma
#14
Pushkar Gadre, Divya Singh, Kiran Gadre, Imran Khan
Osteoid osteoma, a rare benign osteoblastic tumor first described by Jaffe in 1935, is characterized as a small but painful lesion that mostly affects younger people. Usually benign and harmless, osteomas are removed for pain or esthetic reasons.Piezoelectric surgery is also increasingly being used effectively in major and minor osseous oral and maxillofacial surgeries, in delicate areas. It is used regularly for various procedures, including sinus lift procedures, bone graft harvesting, osteogenic distraction, ridge expansion, inferior alveolar nerve decompression and lateralization, cyst removal, dental extraction, and impacted tooth removal...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540843/a-survey-of-the-opinion-and-experience-of-uk-dentists-part-1-the-incidence-and-cause-of-iatrogenic-trigeminal-nerve-injuries-related-to-dental-implant-surgery
#15
Zehra Yilmaz, Cemal Ucer, Edwin Scher, Jon Suzuki, Tara Renton
BACKGROUND: Dental implant-related iatrogenic trigeminal nerve (TG) injuries are proportionally increasing with dental implant surgery. This study, which is presented in greater detail over a series of articles, assessed the experience of implant-related TG nerve injuries among UK dentists. Incidence and cause of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), mental nerve (MN), and lingual nerve (LN) injuries, together with preoperative assessment and the consent process, are presented in this article...
October 2016: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511213/malpractice-claims-related-to-tooth-extractions
#16
Sanna Koskela, Anni Suomalainen, Satu Apajalahti, Irja Ventä
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze malpractice claims related to tooth extractions in order to identify areas requiring emphasis and eventually to reduce the number of complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compiled a file of all malpractice claims related to tooth extractions (EBA code) between 1997 and 2010 from the Finnish Patient Insurance Centre. We then examined the data with respect to date, tooth, surgery, injury diagnosis, and the authority's decision on the case...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444102/endoscopic-transoral-resection-of-parapharyngeal-osteoma-a-case-report
#17
Serhat Yaslikaya, Cigdem Firat Koca, Yuksel Toplu, Ahmet Kizilay, Nusret Akpolat
Osteoma is a benign, mesenchymal, slow-growing, osteogenic tumor commonly occurring in the craniofacial bones and is characterized by the proliferation of compact or cancellous bone. Solitary osteomas can be classified as peripheral (parosteal, periosteal, or exophytic) when arising from the periosteum or central (endosteal) when arising from soft tissue. Peripheral osteoma occurs most frequently in the paranasal sinuses. Other locations include the orbital wall, temporal bone, pterygoid processes, external ear canal, and, rarely, the mandible...
June 25, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403218/lingual-artery-retromandibular-vein-fistula-four-years-after-an-uncomplicated-carotid-endarterectomy-case-report-and-review-of-possible-etiologies-and-treatment-options
#18
Sunil Manjila, Kunal Kumar, Ashish Kulhari, Gagandeep Singh, Richard S Jung, Robert W Tarr, Nicholas C Bambakidis
The external carotid artery's lingual branch to retromandibular venous fistula following a carotid endarterectomy has not been reported earlier in literature. We report a unique case of an 87-year-old man who had a right-sided carotid endarterectomy in 2009 and presented four years later with complaints of fullness and discomfort in the area of right parotid gland with associated pulsatile tinnitus. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the neck revealed a deep portion of the right parotid gland having abnormal aneurysmal dilatation of a vascular structure, which appeared to be an arteriovenous fistula between branches of right external carotid artery and the retromandibular vein...
June 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401217/lingual-nerve-injury-in-association-with-sagittal-ramus-osteotomy-and-bicortical-screw-fixation-a-review-of-523-procedures-in-262-subjects
#19
J C Posnick, E Choi, N Singh
The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of irreversible lingual nerve (LN) injury in patients undergoing sagittal ramus osteotomies (SRO) with bicortical screw fixation. A retrospective cohort study of patients treated by a single surgeon was performed (follow-up 2-11 years). The sample consisted of a series of subjects with a bimaxillary dentofacial deformity (DFD). The SRO and bicortical screw fixation techniques were consistent. The primary outcome variable was the prevalence of irreversible LN injury...
November 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381746/is-the-angulation-of-mandibular-third-molars-associated-with-the-thickness-of-lingual-bone
#20
Len Tolstunov, Marshall Brickeen, Vladislav Kamanin, Srinivas M Susarla, Firat Selvi
To find out whether the angulation of mandibular third molars is associated with the thickness of the bone at the site of impaction, and if so, which particular angulation affects the protective mechanism of the nerve, we retrospectively studied the thickness of lingual bone at the sites of impaction of 200 mandibular third molars in 149 patients using coronal, sagittal, and axial slices of cone-beam computed tomograms (CT). We measured the bone at the cementoenamel junction of the mandibular second molar, at the mid-root of the third molar, and at the apex of the root...
October 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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