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Inferior alveolar nerve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631539/regional-nerve-blocks-for-equine-dentistry
#1
Molly K Rice
Regional nerve blocks are necessary to facilitate equine oral surgery in the standing sedated patient. Step-by-step instruction on how to perform common regional nerve blocks are discussed, including infraorbital, maxillary, middle mental, and inferior alveolar nerve blocks. Regional nerve blocks are critical when performing dental procedures in the standing horse.(1) The infraorbital and maxillary nerve blocks provide anesthesia of the infraorbital nerve, which is a branch of the maxillary nerve. Both nerve blocks provide adequate anesthesia for all maxillary dental procedures...
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621056/denervation-effectively-aggravates-rat-experimental-periodontitis
#2
X Yu, Z Gong, Q Lin, W Wang, S Liu, S Li
BACKGROUND: Nerve and its related factors in the occurrence and development of periodontitis are worthy of further study. Denervation research is a useful addition to nerve and innervation studies. The aim of this study is to establish a rat model of inferior alveolar nerve transection combined with ligature-induced periodontitis to elucidate the effects of denervation on ligature-induced rat periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-four Wistar rats were distributed to the four groups randomly: ligation (L); denervation (D); ligation+denervation (LD); and normal (N) as control...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604089/comparison-of-articaine-and-lidocaine-for-buccal-infiltration-after-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-for-intraoperative-pain-control-during-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-surgery
#3
Geraldo Prisco da Silva-Junior, Liane Maciel de Almeida Souza, Francisco Carlos Groppo
In order to compare the efficacy of lidocaine and articaine for pain control during third molar surgery, 160 patients presenting bilateral asymptomatic impacted mandibular third molars were selected. They received 1.8 mL of 2% lidocaine with epinephrine 1:100,000 during inferior alveolar nerve block. In group 1 (n = 80), an infiltrative injection of 0.9 mL of 2% lidocaine with epinephrine 1:100,000 was performed in buccal-distal mucosa of the third molar. Group 2 (n = 80) received 0.9 mL of 4% articaine with epinephrine 1:100,000 in the contralateral side...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602570/combined-preoperative-measurement-of-three-inferior-alveolar-canal-factors-using-computed-tomography-predicts-the-risk-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury-during-lower-third-molar-extraction
#4
H Tachinami, K Tomihara, K Fujiwara, K Nakamori, M Noguchi
A retrospective cohort study was performed to assess the clinical usefulness of combination assessment using computed tomography (CT) images in patients undergoing third molar extraction. This study included 85 patients (124 extraction sites). The relationship between cortication status, buccolingual position, and shape of the inferior alveolar canal (IAC) on CT images and the incidence of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury after third molar extraction was evaluated. IAN injury was observed at eight of the 124 sites (6...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595839/piezosurgery-for-sagittal-split-osteotomy-procedure-duration-and-postoperative-sensory-perturbation
#5
Robert Köhnke, Andreas Kolk, Lan Kluwe, Oliver Ploder
PURPOSE: To evaluate piezosurgery for bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) for its duration and inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) perturbation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective randomized study, the authors evaluated 100 BSSO procedures in 50 patients. Piezoelectric (group I) and conventional (group II) osteotomies were carried out on each side of the mandible of a patient by 2 specialists. The surgeons had at least 1 year of experience using piezosurgery...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586233/a-vibration-device-to-control-injection-discomfort
#6
Jeffry R Shaefer, Stephanie J Lee, Nina K Anderson
Pain from local anesthesia injections can be reduced by distraction and counter-stimulation techniques. This study investigated the DentalVibe® Injection Comfort System (third-generation, DV3), developed to lessen anesthesia pain through pulsed vibration, a form of counter-stimulation. The aim of the study was to evaluate both the efficacy of DV3 in reducing pain and discomfort from intraoral long buccal (LB) and inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injections and the time needed to achieve complete anesthesia during an IAN block...
June 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571762/filling-bone-defects-with-%C3%AE-tcp-in-maxillofacial-surgery-a-review
#7
REVIEW
B Guillaume
Reconstruction of bone defects prior to implant placement now involves synthetic substitutes such as β-TCP because of its ability to promote bone remodeling. Its capacity to be progressively substituted by the patient's bone allows to regenerate a dense bone volume. In addition, its availability in large quantities, avoiding the morbidity observed with harvesting autogenous bone, widens the operative indications. In this paper, the main indications of β-TCP in maxillofacial surgery (dentistry, parodontology and dental implant surgery) are reviewed...
May 29, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570409/microsurgical-decompression-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-after-endodontic-treatment-complications
#8
Bernardo Bianchi, Andrea Ferri, Andrea Varazzani, Michela Bergonzani, Enrico Sesenna
Iatrogenic injury in oral surgery is the most frequent cause of sensory disturbance in the distribution of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and mental nerve.Inferior alveolar nerve damage can occur during third molar extraction, implant location, orthognathic surgery, preprosthetic surgery, salivary gland surgery, local anesthetic injections or during the resection of benign or malignant tumors.Injuries to the IAN can be caused also by endodontic treatment of mandibular molars and premolars when filling material is forced into the tooth and mandibular canal...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556476/neurophysiological-changes-associated-with-implant-associated-augmentation-procedures-in-the-lower-jaw
#9
Amely Hartmann, Claudia Welte-Jzyk, Marcus Seiler, Monika Daubländer
BACKGROUND: Neurophysiological changes after oral and maxillofacial surgery remain one of the topics of current research. PURPOSE: This study evaluated if implant placement associated with augmentation procedures increases the possibility of sensory disturbances or result in impaired quality of life during the healing period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients who had obtained an implant placement in the lower jaw in combination with augmentation procedures were examined by implementing a comprehensive Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) protocol for extra- and intraoral use...
May 29, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554135/anatomic-evaluation-of-the-retromolar-canal-by-histologic-and-radiologic-analyses
#10
Heung-Joong Kim, Hansoo Kang, Yo-Seob Seo, Do Kyung Kim, Sun-Kyoung Yu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the detailed anatomic morphology of the retromolar canal using histologic sections and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two sides of the mandible obtained from cadavers and CBCT images of 72 patients (144 sides) were analyzed. All mandibles were prepared using conventional methods of tissue processing, stained with hematoxylin-eosin, and measured to elucidate the composition and dimensions of the retromolar canal with the aid of a light microscope...
May 23, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553857/the-position-of-the-mental-foramen-in-dentate-and-edentulous-mandibles-clinical-and-surgical-relevance
#11
Antonios Charalampakis, Georgios Kourkoumelis, Christina Psari, Vassilios Antoniou, Maria Piagkou, Theano Demesticha, Evangelos Kotsiomitis, Theodore Troupis
BACKGROUND: The knowledge of the exact location of the mental foramen (MF) in dentate and edentulous mandibles is clinically important when constructing complete dentures, performing anaesthetic block of the lower-anterior teeth area and intervening in the MF nearby area. In edentulous mandibles, the bone resorption after teeth loss makes the mental nerve (MN) prone to damage due to the extreme location of the MF very close to the alveolar crest (AC). Chronic compression on the MN may result in pain in the area of MN distribution (ipsilateral face and cheek area) and numbness at the lower lip...
May 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550832/-osteosynthesis-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-prognathism-state-of-the-art
#12
REVIEW
Nuno Durão, José Amarante
INTRODUCTION: Prognathism is a common skeletal facial abnormality, associated with class III malocclusion, often with repercussions in quality of life. In addition to orthodontic treatment, sagittal split ramus osteotomy is the most common technique for its correction, and segment osteosynthesis is an important element of the post-surgical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search for relevant literature was conducted in the PubMed/MEDLINE database and in other relevant sources...
March 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547078/infiltrative-local-anesthesia-with-articaine-is-equally-as-effective-as-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-with-lidocaine-for-the-removal-of-erupted-molars
#13
J Venkat Narayanan, Prashanthi Gurram, Radhika Krishnan, Veerabahu Muthusubramanian, V Sadesh Kannan
AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of 4% articaine with 1:100,000 adrenaline given as buccal and lingual infiltration in adult patients undergoing erupted mandibular first and second molar teeth extraction versus inferior alveolar nerve block technique using 2% lignocaine with 1:80,000 adrenaline. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients undergoing extraction of mandibular posterior teeth were divided into two equally matched groups for the study, out of which 50 patients were given 4% articaine with 1:100,000 adrenaline as buccal and lingual infiltration and 50 patients were given 2% lignocaine with 1:80,000 adrenaline using classic direct inferior alveolar nerve block with lingual and buccal nerve block...
May 25, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542468/alveoli-teeth-and-tooth-loss-understanding-the-homology-of-internal-mandibular-structures-in-mysticete-cetaceans
#14
Carlos Mauricio Peredo, Nicholas D Pyenson, Mark D Uhen, Christopher D Marshall
The evolution of filter feeding in baleen whales (Mysticeti) facilitated a wide range of ecological diversity and extreme gigantism. The innovation of filter feeding evolved in a shift from a mineralized upper and lower dentition in stem mysticetes to keratinous baleen plates that hang only from the roof of the mouth in extant species, which are all edentulous as adults. While all extant mysticetes are born with a mandible lacking a specialized feeding structure (i.e., baleen), the bony surface retains small foramina with elongated sulci that often merge together in what has been termed the alveolar gutter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542040/failure-of-osseointegrated-dental-implant-after-alveolar-nerve-transposition-a-report-of-an-unusual-complication-and-surgical-management
#15
Renato da Costa Ribeiro, Anibal Henrique Barbosa Luna, Cássio Edvard Sverzut, Alexander Tadeu Sverzut
PURPOSE: To describe an unusual case of mandibular fracture after osseointegrated dental implant removal placed after inferior alveolar nerve transposition. REPORT OF CASE: The patient underwent inferior nerve transposition for implant placement due to lack of interarch space. Two months after metal-ceramic crowns installation, the patient began to complain of pain in the region of the implant. In an attempt to remove the implant, there was a fracture of the implant, and only two third of it was removed, leaving only the apical portion of the implant in the mandible...
May 24, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538060/effect-of-low-level-laser-and-light-emitting-diode-on-inferior-alveolar-nerve-recovery-after-sagittal-split-osteotomy-of-the-mandible-a-randomized-clinical-trial-study
#16
Seyed Hasan Mohajerani, Faraj Tabeie, Mehdi Bemanali, Reza Tabrizi
PURPOSE: The major concern of sagittal split osteotomy (SSO) is the neurosensory disturbance. The authors investigated the effect of low-level laser therapy and light-emitting diode on the inferior alveolar nerve recovery after SSO. METHODS: In this double-blinded randomized clinical trial, 20 subjects with inferior alveolar nerve injury after SSO of the mandible were studied. Neurosensory recovery was assessed by 6 tests: visual analog scale (VAS), brush stroke, 2-point discrimination, contact detect detection, pinprick nociception, and thermal discrimination, and each one was performed before and after the surgery on days 1, 3, 7, 14, 60, and 180...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532570/does-3-dimensional-imaging-of-the%C3%A2-third-molar-reduce-the-risk-of-experiencing-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury-owing-to-extraction-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Adrià Clé-Ovejero, Alba Sánchez-Torres, Octavi Camps-Font, Cosme Gay-Escoda, Rui Figueiredo, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón
BACKGROUND: Clinicians generally use panoramic radiographic (PR) images to assess the proximity of the mandibular third molar to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). However, in cases in which a patient needs to undergo a third-molar extraction, many clinicians also assess computed tomographic (CT) images to prevent nerve damage. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: Two of the authors independently searched MEDLINE (through PubMed), Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Ovid. The authors included randomized or nonrandomized longitudinal studies whose investigators had compared the number of IAN injuries after third-molar extraction in patients who had undergone preoperative CT with patients who had undergone only PR...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523090/penetrating-craniomaxillofacial-injury-caused-by-a-pneumatic-nail-gun
#18
Kevin Jae Choi, Marisa Ann Ryan, Tracy Cheng, David Powers
Craniomaxillofacial injuries can be complex, requiring a multidisciplinary approach. The primary survey is always the first step in trauma management prior to proceeding with further evaluation and treatment. A 26-year-old man presented with a penetrating nail gun injury through the oral and nasal cavities. He did not present in extremis but required elective endotracheal intubation for intraoperative assessment and treatment. Airway management was enhanced by the use of lingual nerve and inferior alveolar nerve blocks via the Vazirani-Akinosi technique to maintain spontaneous respiration while the tongue was distracted from the palate...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511527/temporary-blindness-after-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block
#19
Animesh Barodiya, Rishi Thukral, Shaila Mahendra Agrawal, Anshul Rai, Siddharth Singh
Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB) anaesthesia is one of the common procedures in dental clinic. This procedure is safe, but complications may still occur. Ocular complications such as diplopia, loss of vision, or ophthalmoplegia are extremely rare. This case report explains an event where due to individual anatomic variation of the sympathetic vasoconstrictor nerve and maxillary and middle meningeal arteries, intravascular administration of anaesthetic agent caused unusual ocular signs and symptoms such as temporary blindness...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511514/evaluation-of-relative-position-of-mandibular-foramen-in-children-as-a-reference-for-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-using-orthopantamograph
#20
Navin Hadadi Krishnamurthy, Surej Unnikrishnan, Jaya Agali Ramachandra, Veena Arali
INTRODUCTION: The Mandibular Foramen (MF) is a landmark for administering local anaesthetic solution for Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB). The position of MF shows considerable variation among different ethnicity, ages and on either sides even within the same individual. Failure to achieve IANB leading to repeated injection of the local anaesthetic solution will not only pose a behaviour problem in children but can also lead to systemic toxic level of anaesthetic solution being administered...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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