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Inferior alveolar nerve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043507/extraction-of-mandibular-premolars-and-molars-comparison-between-local-infiltration-via-pressure-syringe-and-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-anesthesia
#1
Daniel G E Thiem, Florian Schnaith, Caroline M E Van Aken, Anne Köntges, Vinay V Kumar, Bilal Al-Nawas, Peer W Kämmerer
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anesthetic efficiency of local infiltration anesthesia administered with a pressure syringe (P-INF) via a special technique versus direct block anesthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve (IANB) for tooth extraction in the posterior mandible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective randomized study, 101 teeth in 101 patients were extracted in the posterior mandible under local anesthesia whereby two different administration techniques were used (P-INF n = 48; IANB n = 53)...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043245/intentional-partial-odontectomy-a-long-term-follow-up-study
#2
Hyun-Suk Kim, Pil-Young Yun, Young-Kyun Kim
BACKGROUND: The surgical extraction of the third molar is the most frequently encountered procedure in oral and maxillofacial surgery and is related with a variety of complications. This study examined the efficacy of intentional partial odontectomy (IPO) in the third molars which have no periapical lesions and are located near important anatomical structures such as inferior alveolar nerve. METHODS: Seven patients (four males, three females, 39.1 ± 11.6 years), who received IPO to reduce the risk of inferior alveolar nerve injury (IANI), were followed long-term...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038628/pre-operative-assessment-of-anatomical-position-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-and-its-significance-in-bilateral-sagittal-split-osteotomy
#3
Khadar Vali Shaik, A P Mohan, Jeevan Kumar, Haripriya Chari
The aim of this study is to investigate the position and course of the mandibular canal through the ramus, angle and body of mandible using computed tomographic (CT) imaging pre-operatively and to relate these predetermined values intra-operatively to perform sagittal split ramus osteotomies. Pre-operative CT scans were taken and four points were marked at mandibular foramen, mandibular angle, mandibular body and midpoint and different dimensions of IAN were measured to localize the inferior alveolar nerve...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034443/prospective-clinical-study-comparing-intraligamentary-anesthesia-and-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-for-extraction-of-posterior-mandibular-teeth
#4
P W Kämmerer, A Adubae, I Buttchereit, D G E Thiem, M Daubländer, B Frerich
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of intraligamentary anesthesia (ILA) with conventional inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) for extraction of mandibular posterior teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective clinical trial, a total of 301 mandibular posterior teeth were extracted in 266 patients. Randomization was conducted into those who received ILA (patients n = 98; teeth n = 105) and those who received IANB (patient n = 140; teeth n = 140)...
October 15, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034272/influence-of-head-position-on-the-cbct-accuracy-in-assessment-of-the-proximity-of-the-root-apices-to-the-inferior-alveolar-canal
#5
Sadaf Adibi, Shoaleh Shahidi, Saeed Nikanjam, Maryam Paknahad, Mohammadali Ranjbar
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: The most important risk factor for inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) damage is the proximity of the mandibular root apices to the alveolar canal. Failure to position the patient's head at standardized orientation during cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans might adversely affect the relative position of the alveolar canal and mandibular root apices with subsequent treatment failure. PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of the orientations of the skull during the scanning procedure on the accuracy of CBCT images in determining the positional relationship of the mandibular tooth apices to the alveolar canal...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022844/laser-biophotomodulation-in-patients-with-neurosensory-disturbance-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-after-sagittal-split-ramus-osteotomy-a-2-year-follow-up-study
#6
Daniela Guarini, Benjamín Gracia, Valeria Ramírez-Lobos, Alfredo Noguera-Pantoja, Pedro Solé-Ventura
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of the application of photobiomodulation in a 2-year follow-up period in patients who have been intervened with a sagittal ramus split osteotomy and present neurosensory disturbance of the inferior alveolar nerve. BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation is a common clinical tool in dentistry, for its beneficial effects have been shown in surgical and periodontal wound healing, reducing of swelling and pain, neurosensory recovery, and treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders...
October 12, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968326/intraoral-observation-of-the-mentalis-and-incisivus-labii-inferioris-muscles
#7
Joe Iwanaga, Puhan He, Koichi Watanabe, Yasuhiko Kamura, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
The mentalis (MT) and the incisivus labii inferioris (ILI), which are accessory muscles of the orbicularis oris (OO) muscle, form an intertwined and three-dimensionally related complex. The purpose of this study is to clarify the relationship between the MT, ILI, and OO muscles via intraoral dissection. Twenty-two sides from 11 fresh adult Caucasian cadaveric heads were used, and the MT, ILI, and OO dissected under the surgical microscope. Next, measurements of the bony attachment were carried out on another 12 sides...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963787/modified-technique-for-preservation-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-during-mandibulectomy
#8
Min-Jie Chen, Chi Yang, Dong Huang, Dong-Mei He, Yi-Wen Wang, Wen-Hao Zhang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to introduce the modified technique of preservation of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) during mandibulectomy for a benign lesion. METHODS: Five cases of osteofibrous hyperplasia and 3 cases of centricity osteomyelitis were included. During surgery, the IAN was marked using a planned cutting guide. Using an oscillating saw, the depth of the osteotomy along the IAN was controlled until the bone cortex was cut through. After splitting, the bony section was removed, leaving the neurovascular bundle intact...
September 30, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962929/insufficient-evidence-to-conclude-that-supplementary-techniques-increase-the-rate-of-success-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-anesthesia-in%C3%A2-patients-undergoing-endodontic-treatment-in-mandibular-molars
#9
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932988/surgical-treatment-of-painful-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injuries-following-endodontic-treatment-a-consecutive-case-series-of-seven-patients
#10
Federico Biglioli, Otilija Kutanovaite, Luca Autelitano, Alessandro Lozza, Laura Moneghini, Gaetano Bulfamante, Fabiana Allevi
PURPOSE: Injuries of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) related to endodontic treatment are being increasingly reported. However, consensus on the preferred intervention and the timing of and indications for surgical treatment is lacking. Here, we describe our experience with painful IAN injuries arising from endodontic treatment and requiring prompt microsurgical treatment. METHODS: Seven consecutive patients with painful IAN injuries were referred to the Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of San Paolo Hospital in Milan...
September 20, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920110/painful-neuropathy-caused-by-compression-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-by-focal-osteosclerotic-lesion-of-the-mandible-a-case-report
#11
David Debevc, Tomaž Hitij, Andrej Kansky
Osteosclerotic lesions are a common finding on dental radiographs. They are considered developmental variants of a normal bone architecture and they usually do not need any treatment. The purpose of this article is to present a rare case of osteosclerotic lesion of the mandible causing trigeminal neuropathy by compression of the alveolar nerve. The pain started with dental hypersensitivity of the mandibular right first molar. Later on, signs of irreversible molar tooth pulpitis developed. Endodontic therapy and apicoectomy did not resolve the pain, which later intensified, and painful neuropathy localized to inferior alveolar nerve developed; therefore, surgical decompression was indicated...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913645/local-analgesia-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-of-techniques-and-pharmacologic-agents
#12
REVIEW
G Klingberg, K Ridell, S Brogårdh-Roth, M Vall, H Berlin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the evidence supporting effects and adverse effects of local analgesia using different pharmacological agents and injection techniques during dental treatment in children and adolescents aged 3-19 years. METHODS: A systematic literature search of databases including PubMed, Cochrane, and Scopus was conducted in November 2016. The PRISMA-statement was followed. Two review authors independently assessed the selected randomised control trials for risk of bias and quality...
September 14, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906271/neurosensory-disturbance-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-after-3025-implant-placements
#13
Antonio Scarano, Bruna Sinjari, Giovanna Murmura, Felice Lorusso
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) lesion and duration of sensitivity disturbances after the insertion of dental implants. METHODS: One thousand sixty-five patients (mean age: 58.9 years) enrolled between February 2004 and July 2015 with partial or full mandibular edentulism were selected to receive dental implants for oral rehabilitation. A total of 3025 implants were placed. After surgical procedures, controls were scheduled at suture removal, that is, 10 days after surgery, and repeated at intervals of 1, 3, and 6 months, and comprised patient interview, clinical examination, and sensitivity tests...
October 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893717/secondary-surgical-decompression-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-after-overfilling-of-endodontic-sealer-into-the-mandibular-canal-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Anne-Victoire Bastien, Jérôme Adnot, Hervé Moizan, Émile Calenda, Olivier Trost
The authors report the case of a 43 year-old woman who underwent endodontic treatment of the right second mandibular molar with substantial extrusion of endodontic material into the mandibular canal. The patient presented at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery with a persistent total anaesthesia of the lower lip and chin after two months. 2D panoramic view and 3D CT-scan examination highlighted the overfilling into the mandibular canal with a more than 50% stenosis of the canal and a consequently significant compression of the dental pedicle...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880060/comparison-of-orthopantomography-and-ct-accuracy-in-predicting-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury-following-lower-third-molar-surgical-extraction
#15
Fulvio Fusaro, Fulvia Costantinides, Michele Maglione, Domenico Dalessandri, Erica Vettori, Roberto DI Lenarda
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare orthopantomography (OPG) and computed tomography (CT) accuracy in predicting inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury after lower wisdom teeth extraction. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with completely impacted lower third molars were enrolled in this study and OPG and CT exams were obtained before surgical intervention. Finally, a total of 26 lower third molars were extracted and cases of paresthesia following a IAN lesion have been registered...
October 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879643/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-oral-cavity-radiology-pathology-correlation
#16
Imran Uraizee, Nicole A Cipriani, Daniel T Ginat
Adenoid cystic carcinoma in the oral cavity is an uncommon salivary gland malignancy that has a propensity for perineural spread. A high-grade variant is evidenced by an abundance of pleomorphic cells, loss of the classic biphasic epithelial-myoepithelial growth pattern, and comedonecrosis, as well as elevated Ki-67. CT and MRI can both be useful for demonstrating the extent of invasion in oral cavity-associated adenoid cystic carcinoma, which can attain the inferior alveolar nerve for perineural spread by direct invasion through the mandible...
September 6, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879340/application-of-augmented-reality-for-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-anesthesia-a-technical-note
#17
Yu-Jin Won, Sang-Hoon Kang
Efforts to apply augmented reality (AR) technology in the medical field include the introduction of AR techniques into dental practice. The present report introduces a simple method of applying AR during an inferior alveolar nerve block, a procedure commonly performed in dental clinics.
June 2017: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879326/4-lidocaine-versus-4-articaine-for-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-in-impacted-lower-third-molar-surgery
#18
Kiatanant Boonsiriseth, Sittipong Chaimanakarn, Prued Chewpreecha, Natee Nonpassopon, Manop Khanijou, Bushara Ping, Natthamet Wongsirichat
BACKGROUND: No study has compared lidocaine with articaine, each at a concentration of 4% and combined with epinephrine. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 4% lidocaine with that of 4% articaine, with a concentration of 1:100,000 epinephrine added to each, in an inferior alveolar nerve block for surgery on impacted lower third molars. METHOD: This study was conducted at the Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University in Bangkok, Thailand...
March 2017: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877273/virtual-reality-simulator-for-dental-anesthesia-training-in-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block
#19
Cléber Gimenez Corrêa, Maria Aparecida de Andrade Moreira Machado, Edith Ranzini, Romero Tori, Fátima de Lourdes Santos Nunes
Objectives: This study shows the development and validation of a dental anesthesia-training simulator, specifically for the inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB). The system developed provides the tactile sensation of inserting a real needle in a human patient, using Virtual Reality (VR) techniques and a haptic device that can provide a perceived force feedback in the needle insertion task during the anesthesia procedure. Material and Methods: To simulate a realistic anesthesia procedure, a Carpule syringe was coupled to a haptic device...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869085/success-rates-and-complications-of-autologous-onlay-bone-grafts-and-sinus-lifts-in-patients-with-congenital-hypodontia-and-after-trauma
#20
J Breeze, J Patel, M S Dover, R W Williams
Autogenous bone remains the gold standard for augmentation of the alveolar ridge in congenital hypodontia and appreciable post-traumatic deformity. This generally reflects the volume of material required for such defects and the osteogenic potential of the grafts. Morbidity at the donor site and success rates may lead to autogenous grafts being superseded by xenografts or alloplastic materials in the future, but we know of little evidence to confirm this. All patients having augmentation of the alveolar ridge or sinus lift to enable subsequent placement of implants between 01 January 2009 and 31 December 2016 were identified from a prospectively-gathered database held at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham...
August 28, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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