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Inferior alveolar nerve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679231/did-malpractice-claims-for-failed-dental-implants-decrease-after-introduction-of-cbct-in-finland
#1
Magdalena Marinescu Gava, Anni Suomalainen, Tapio Vehmas, Irja Ventä
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in preventing failures in implant treatment. We hypothesize that the number of malpractice claims related to dental implant treatment would decrease after the first CBCT device came available in 2002 in Finland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data concerning malpractice claims related to dental implant treatment during the years 1997-2011 were collected from the Finnish Patient Insurance Centre (N = 330 subjects)...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663186/mandibular-canal-branching-assessed-with-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#2
Mauricio Augusto Aquino de Castro, Sâmila Gonçalves Barra, Manuel Oscar Lagravere Vich, Mauro Henrique Guimaraes Abreu, Ricardo Alves Mesquita
PURPOSE: The mandibular canal must be considered in dental procedures to avoid injuries of the alveolar inferior nerve. The occurrence of anatomical variations of the mandibular canal increases the risk of neurovascular injuries. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the prevalence of mandibular canal branching (MCB) using cone beam computer tomography (CBCT). METHODS: Seven hundred standardized CBCTs were selected. The images were evaluated for the presence of MCB and for the detection of pathologies that could affect the structure of the canals...
April 16, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618893/role-of-panoramic-imaging-and-cone-beam-ct-for-assessment-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-exposure-and-subsequent-paresthesia-following-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar
#3
Sonali Ghai, Sankarsan Choudhury
Objectives: Pre-operative radiographic evaluation of impacted mandibular third molar and inferior alveolar canal (IAC) is important in preventing a possible nerve exposure and damage during surgical removal. The present study analysed the relation of the mandibular third molar with inferior alveolar canal using panoramic radiography (PAN) and cone beam CT (CBCT) and evaluated the radiographic features suggestive of IAN exposure and post-operative paresthesia. Materials and Methods: PAN and CBCT findings of 53 impacted mandibular third molars having a close relation with IAC undergoing extraction were analysed...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607860/buccal-infiltration-versus-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-in-mandibular-2-nd-premolars-with-irreversible-pulpitis
#4
K Yilmaz, U Tunga, T Ozyurek
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the success rates of inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) and buccal infiltration anesthesia of mandibular second premolar with irreversible pulpitis and to evaluate the level of patient discomfort with these methods. Matherials and Methods: Forty patients, who had irreversible pulpitis in the mandibular 2nd premolar teeth, were included in the study. Patients were randomly distributed in two groups. In one group IANB, in the other group buccal infiltration anesthesia were performed...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603705/comparison-of-visual-analog-scale-scores-in-pain-assessment-during-pulpotomy-using-different-injection-materials-in-children-aged-6-to-8-and-8-to-10-years
#5
Donya Alinejhad, Zahra Bahrololoomi, Alireza Navabazam, M Ali Asayesh
AIM: Proper anesthesia and pain management during treatment are most important concerns in dentistry for people of all ages, especially children. This study compared the success rate of lidocaine block with articaine buccal infiltration during anesthesia of the primary mandibular second molars in children aged 6 to 8 and 8 to 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present clinical trial was conducted on 40 children aged 6 to 8 and 8 to 10 years who were referred to the Department of Pediatrics of the Faculty of Dentistry at Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in Yazd (Islamic Republic of Iran) and needed to be treated with pulpotomy on both primary mandibular second molars...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602342/anatomic-assessment-of-the-mandibular-buccal-shelf-for-miniscrew-insertion-in-white-patients
#6
Tarek Elshebiny, Juan Martin Palomo, Sebastian Baumgaertel
INTRODUCTION: Cortical bone thickness, bone width, insertion depth, and proximity to nerves are important factors when planning and placing orthodontic miniscrews. The objective of this study was to anatomically assess the mandibular buccal shelf in a white patient population as the insertion site for orthodontic miniscrews by investigating these 4 variables. METHODS: Measurements were made on cone-beam computed tomography scans of 30 white patients (18 girls, 12 boys; mean age, 14...
April 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589253/needle-breakage-during-an-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-in-a-child-with-kbg-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
S Bagattoni, G D'Alessandro, G Marzo, G Piana
BACKGROUND: Needle breakage during the administration of dental analgesia is an extremely rare event. CASE REPORT: A case of needle breakage during the administration of an inferior alveolar nerve block occurred in a child with KBG syndrome. During the injection, a sudden movement of the child caused the breakage of the needle. The next day, the retrieval of the needle was performed surgically under general analgesia. FOLLOW-UP: Three months after the surgery the healing was good...
March 27, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577321/is-mepivacaine-as-effective-as-lidocaine-on-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-in-patients-with-symptomatic-irreversible-pulpitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
W A Vieira, L R Paranhos, G O Cericato, A Franco, M A G Ribeiro
The present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of mepivacaine and lidocaine for pulpal anaesthesia and pain control when administered via an Inferior Alveolar Nerve block during the root canal treatment of mandibular molars in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. A research protocol was developed and registered in PROSPERO. The systematic search was conducted in May 2017 in eight databases. The studies were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Two examiners analyzed the sample independently, decided the eligibility for inclusion and classified the articles according to their quality...
March 26, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571953/reversing-the-effects-of-2-lidocaine-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Pierre-Luc Michaud, Brittany Flood, Martha Smith Brillant
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged soft tissue anesthesia following a dental appointment is a complaint that is frequently reported by patients. Soft tissue anesthesia generally exceeds the duration of pulpal anesthesia by a few hours. This can lead to difficulties with smiling, drinking, speaking and lip/cheek biting following dental appointments. Phentolamine Mesylate (PM) is a pharmacological agent capable of reducing the duration of soft tissue anesthesia following dental treatments. Many clinical trials supporting its efficacy have used sham injections compared to injections with PM...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571887/combination-of-gow-gates-and-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-may-result-in-a-higher-rate-of-successful-anesthesia-than-either-technique-alone
#10
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557389/relationship-of-distraction-rate-with-inferior-alveolar-nerve-degeneration-regeneration-shift
#11
Ying-Hua Zhao, Shi-Jian Zhang, Zi-Hui Yang, Xiao-Chang Liu, De-Lin Lei, Jing Li, Lei Wang
Distraction osteogenesis is an important technique for the treatment of maxillofacial abnormities and defects. However, distraction osteogenesis may cause the injury of the inferior alveolar nerve. The relationship between distraction rate and nerve degeneration-regeneration shift remains poorly understood. In this study, 24 rabbits were randomly divided into four groups. To establish the rabbit mandibular distraction osteogenesis model, the mandibles of rabbits in distraction osteogenesis groups were subjected to continuous osteogenesis distraction at a rate of 1...
February 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556558/effect-of-relative-head-position-on-the-anesthetic-efficacy-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-during-endodontic-treatment-of-patients-with-irreversible-pulpitis
#12
Vivek Aggarwal, Mamta Singla, Sanjay Miglani
Background: The purpose of this prospective randomized single-blind clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of tilting the head on the anesthetic efficacy of inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Methods: Ninety-two patients were divided into two groups: the first group received IANB and the head was tilted in the direction of the block for 15 min, whereas the second group received IANB and the head was tilted to the opposite side...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554403/-split-to-save-accessing-mandibular-lesions-using-sagittal-split-osteotomy-with-virtual-surgical-planning
#13
Stanley Yung-Chuan Liu, Douglas Sidell, Leh-Kiong Huon, Carlos Torre
Large, benign intramandibular lesions are frequently removed by resection followed by extensive free tissue transfer or delayed bone grafting. We outline a protocol to remove benign mandibular lesions using sagittal split osteotomy (SSO) with virtual surgical planning (VSP) to mitigate risks involved with this effective, tissue-saving approach. Patients with benign mandibular lesions accessed by SSO with VSP during 2014 were included in this study. Computed tomographic data were imported into VSP software. Using VSP, the exact locations of mandibular lesions and the inferior alveolar nerve canal were delineated...
March 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551376/measuring-anterior-loop-length-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-to-estimate-safe-zone-in-implant-planning-a-cbct-study-in-a-malaysian-population
#14
Shi Kang Wong, Pravinkumar G Patil
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) frequently loops backward before exiting from the mental foramen and spreads several millimeters medially to the foramen. Implant placement in this area may damage the nerve if the anterior loop area is not carefully identified in a radiographic or computed tomography (CT) evaluation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this observational study was to measure the prevalence of the presence of the anterior loop and to estimate sex and ethnicity-related variations in anterior loop length in the Malaysian population...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541262/the-anatomical-nature-of-dental-paresthesia-a-quick-review
#15
REVIEW
Maha Ahmad
Dental paresthesia is loss of sensation caused by maxillary or mandibular anesthetic administration before dental treatment. This review examines inferior alveolar block paresthesia symptoms, side effect and complications. Understanding the anatomy of the pterygomandibular fossa will help in understanding the nature and causes of the dental paresthesia. In this review, we review the anatomy of the region surrounding inferior alveolar injections, anesthetic agents and also will look also into the histology and injury process of the inferior alveolar nerve...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534129/lateral-approach-to-the-maxillary-sinus-and-mandibular-canal-in-severely-atrophied-posterior-alveolar-bone
#16
Mauro Cruz, Gustavo Cruz, Fernando Cruz, Rafael Morales-Vadillo, Silvia Cruz-Pierce
PURPOSE: To present a technique to rehabilitate atrophied alveolar ridges in the posterior maxilla and mandible using bone lateral to the maxillary sinus and to the inferior alveolar nerve and to present a retrospective study of the technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Severe resorption of the posterior region of the maxilla and mandible was treated following a conservative approach. Patients who presented this bone crest condition that impeded the placement of implants and had an anatomy that allowed the inferior alveolar nerve or the maxillary sinus to be approached laterally were treated...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532814/local-anesthetic-induced-myotoxicity-as-a-cause-of-severe-trismus-after-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block
#17
Wenko Smolka, Thomas Knoesel, Ullrich Mueller-Lisse
A case of a 60-year-old man with severe trismus after inferior alveolar nerve block is presented. MRI scans as well as histologic examination revealed muscle fibrosis and degeneration of the medial part of the left temporal muscle due to myotoxicity of a local anesthetic agent.
March 12, 2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523381/iatrogenic-trigeminal-post-traumatic-neuropathy-a-retrospective-two-year-cohort-study
#18
Y Klazen, F Van der Cruyssen, M Vranckx, M Van Vlierberghe, C Politis, T Renton, R Jacobs
With the growing demand for dental work, trigeminal nerve injuries are increasingly common. This retrospective cohort study examined 53 cases of iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injury seen at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals of Leuven between 2013 and 2014 (0.6% among 8845 new patient visits). Patient records were screened for post-traumatic trigeminal nerve neuropathy caused by nerve injury incurred during implant surgery, endodontic treatment, local anaesthesia, tooth extraction, or specifically third molar removal...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522485/a-descriptive-morphometric-approach-of-the-skull-and-mandible-of-the-common-opossum-didelphis-marsupialis-linnaeus-1758-in-the-caribbean-and-its-clinical-application-during-regional-anaesthesia
#19
Reda Mohamed
The aim of this study was to determine the morphometric values of the skull and the mandible of the common opossum from the Caribbean island of Trinidad and Tobago. The skulls and mandibles were obtained from ten opossums captured for research purposes. The skulls and mandibles were prepared and cleaned using standard method. Some anatomical landmarks of the skulls and mandibles were identified and measured. The results were important for identification of the common opossum via comparison and discussion of our results with that of other marsupial species...
March 9, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513607/role-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-in-rodent-lower-incisor-stem-cells
#20
S Hayano, Y Fukui, N Kawanabe, K Kono, M Nakamura, Y Ishihara, H Kamioka
In developing teeth, the sequential and reciprocal interactions between epithelial and mesenchymal tissues promote stem/progenitor cell differentiation. However, the origin of the stem/progenitor cells has been the subject of considerable debate. According to recent studies, mesenchymal stem cells originate from periarterial cells and are regulated by neurons in various organs. The present study examined the role of innervation in tooth development and rodent incisor stem/progenitor cell homeostasis. Rodent incisors continuously grow throughout their lives, and the lower incisors are innervated by the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
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