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Enteric fistula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869569/is-icg-enhanced-image-able-to-help-predicting-pancreatic-fistula-in-laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#1
Seoung Yoon Rho, Sung Hyun Kim, Chang Moo Kang, Woo Jung Lee
Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) has been reported to be technically feasible and safe. Successful pancreatico-enteric anastomosis in particular is important for safe PD. Intraoperative perfusion of the remnant pancreas can be evaluated with ICG technology and be applied in pancreatic reconstruction in PD. A 68-year old female patient with distal common bile duct cancer underwent laparoscopic pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy. After pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ), we checked perfusion of the anastomosis line using an ICG imaging system and noticed a perfusion defect at the anterior wall...
June 5, 2018: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850432/imaging-work-up-and-endovascular-treatment-options-for-aorto-enteric-fistula
#2
REVIEW
Sasan Partovi, Thomas Trischman, Rahul A Sheth, Tam T T Huynh, Jon C Davidson, Anand M Prabhakar, Suvranu Ganguli
Aorto-enteric fistula (AEF) is a rare life-threatening condition. Early recognition and diagnosis are of paramount importance to improve outcome. In this article four cases of AEF with relevant pre- and post-procedural images are presented to demonstrate the utility of cross-sectional imaging in the work-up of AEF. The literature is reviewed to describe the typical presentation of AEF, the diagnostic work-up of AEF, and the different methods used to treat AEF. Endovascular repair of AEF is gaining increasing attention due to its decreased short-term mortality compared to open surgical techniques...
April 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848809/intestinal-perforation-due-to-typhoid-fever-in-karamoja-uganda
#3
Riccardo Conventi, Giorgio Pellis, Giandomenico Arzu, John Bosco Nsubuga, Roberta Gelmini
INTRODUCTION: This is a retrospective analysis of patients operated for typhoid perforation, aiming to analyze epidemiology, clinical-diagnostic and therapeutic aspects, mortality and prognosis. METHODS: 47 patients were operated at Matany Hospital from 2010 to 2016. We examined clinical files to collect data. Microbiological and isthological examinations were unavailable, so etiology was deducted operatively. RESULTS: Median age: 17.85 years, 61...
2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809187/-gallstone-ileus-surgical-management-review
#4
Marcos I Salazar-Jiménez, Javier Alvarado-Durán, Mónica R Fermín-Contreras, Fernando Rivero-Yáñez, Arianne I Lupian-Angulo, Antonio Herrera-González
Background: Gallstone ileus (GI) represents a rare cause of mechanical intestinal occlusion, which is caused by the impaction of a gallstones at the gastrointestinal tract, being most frequently the terminal ileum; its etiology is due to the passage of a calculum through a biliary-enteric fistula. Due to its low incidence, diagnostic suspicion and adequate initial surgical treatment are essential for an adequate clinical evolution. Objective: A bibliographic review on the current surgical management of GI was carried out and exemplified by the presentation a clinical case...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779313/-curative-effect-analysis-of-bile-reinfusion-combined-with-enteral-nutrition-support-before-surgery-of-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#5
P Song, L Mao, X J Bian, T Zhou, Y Y Fan, J Zhang, M Xie, Y D Qiu
Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of bile reinfusion combined with enteral nutrition support before surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent surgical treatment at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Surgery Department from July 2010 to August 2017 was completed.A total of 52 cases were finally enrolled in our study.All the patients included, on the basis of whether they received preoperative drainage and bile reinfusion, were divided into non-drainage group( n =15) and drainage group( n =37)...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756112/idiopathic-weight-loss-due-to-an-entero-enteric-fistula-from-a-gossypiboma-retained-for-27-years
#6
Yusuf Tanrıkulu, Ceren Şen Tanrıkulu, Gökhan Yılmaz, Ercan Bıçakcı
Gossypiboma refers to a mass formed around surgical instruments or materials left in the body postoperatively. The occurrence of gossypibomas remains an important problem, despite improvements in surgical procedures and operating room facilities. The clinical presentation of gossypiboma can vary depending on the host response. This report describes a case of abdominal gossypiboma after splenectomy. A 48-year-old man who had undergone splenectomy 27 years ago was admitted to our clinic suffering from non-specific symptoms for 2 weeks...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748738/distal-pancreatectomy-combined-with-multivisceral-resection-is-associated-with-postoperative-complication-rates-and-survival-comparable-to-those-after-standard-procedures
#7
Thomas Malinka, Fritz Klein, Andreas Andreou, Johann Pratschke, Marcus Bahra
BACKGROUND: For pancreatic tumors located in the body or tail of the pancreas, distal pancreatectomy (DP) remains the surgical procedure of choice to achieve radical tumor removal. Purpose of this study was to evaluate outcome and overall survival of patients who underwent DP combined with multivisceral resection (MVR). METHODS: Retrospective single-center case-matched analysis. Between January 1994 and June 2014, 494 consecutive patients were entered into a prospective database, and 126 patients undergoing DP + MVR (cases) were matched with 126 patients undergoing DP (controls) for gender, age, and underlying final diagnosis...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732709/restoration-of-enteroendocrine-and-pancreatic-function-after-internal-hernia-and-short-bowel-syndrome-in-a-young-woman-with-gastric-bypass-a-2-year-follow-up
#8
Märta Borghede, Lars Vinter-Jensen, Henrik H Rasmussen, Simon Veedfald, Jens F Rehfeld, Bolette Hartmann, Jens J Holst, Filip K Knop, David P Sonne
A serious complication to the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is internal hernia, which can lead to massive bowel necrosis that may result in short bowel syndrome. We determined postprandial enteropancreatic hormonal responses and metabolites in a 22-year-old nondiabetic woman with a history of RYGB experiencing severe internal herniation with widespread bowel necrosis. Extensive resections were performed leaving her with a saliva fistula from the pouch-enteric anastomosis, an intact duodenum, 15 cm of jejunum, 35 cm of ileum, and intact colon...
May 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701348/in-the-current-era-of-endovascular-surgery-what-is-the-role-of-axillofemoral-bypass
#9
Ricardo Correia, Rita Ferreira, Ana Garcia, Frederico Gonçalves, Rodolfo Abreu, Nelson Camacho, Joana Catarino, Maria Emília Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, axillofemoral bypass is viewed as an end-of-line solution for lower limb revascularization, owing to its classically described poor long-term patency, and recent advances in endovascular options for patients with complex aortoiliac anatomy not suitable for open reconstruction. There is a marked difference in patient profiles in published series of axillofemoral bypass, reflecting changing procedures indications due to technical innovations. The objective of this study is to determine the contemporary profile of patients treated with axillofemoral bypass and their outcome...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686795/rare-cause-of-gastric-outlet-obstruction
#10
Sonal Gandhi, Niraj Jani
Bouveret's syndrome is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction. The stones enter the small bowel via cholecysto-enteric fistula. The most common presenting symptoms are abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. The gold standard diagnostic test isesophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Rigler's triad on abdominal x-ray is classic. CT scan findings are pneumobilia, cholecystoduodenal fistula and a gallstone in the duodenum. We present a case of a 75-year-old female who presents with 3 week history of nausea, vomiting, and diffuse abdominal pain...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682387/surgical-management-of-encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-a-case-report-in-kidney-transplant-patient
#11
R Shahbazov, M Talanian, J L Alejo, F Azari, A Agarwal, K L Brayman
Introduction: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a clinical syndrome of progressive fibrotic change in response to prolonged, repetitive, and typically severe insult to the peritoneal mesothelium, often occurring in the setting of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Clear guidelines for successful management remain elusive. We describe the successful surgical management of EPS in a 28-year-old male s/p deceased donor kidney transplant for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666026/cervical-cancer-state-of-the-science-from-angiogenesis-blockade-to-checkpoint-inhibition
#12
REVIEW
Lindsey E Minion, Krishnansu S Tewari
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has emerged as a therapeutic target in several malignancies, including cervical cancer. Chemotherapy doublets combined with the fully humanized monoclonal antibody, bevacizumab, now constitute first-line therapy for women struggling with recurrent/metastatic cervical carcinoma. Regulatory approval for this indication was based on the phase III randomized trial, GOG 240, which demonstrated a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in overall survival when bevacizumab was added to chemotherapy: 17...
March 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619903/healing-of-spongiosus-cutaneous-fistula-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-hbot-a-case-report
#13
Pier A Della Camera, Gianmartin Cito, Simone Morselli, Francesco Sessa, Davide Facchiano, Andrea Cocci, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: We present a case of a spongiosus-cutaneous fistula in a 39-year-old man with recurrent episodes of cutaneous abscess in dorsal middle third penis (5 × 3 cm) treated with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT). CASE REPORT: After emptying nodular abscess, the patient was noncompliant for further surgery. Therefore, it was suggested the association between HBOT and antibiotic therapy. HBOT is carried out in a hyperbaric room, where the internal pressure is increased (compression phase) by entering compressed air up to 283...
February 2018: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619401/massive-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-due-to-an-arterioenteric-fistula-from-a-hepatic-artery-pseudoaneurysm
#14
Nanae Takatori, Derek Patel
Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms are a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding with a high mortality rate. We report a case of a 37-year-old woman who presented with massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage and was found to have an arterioenteric fistula from a hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a 1.5-cm ulcer overlying a large mucosal bulge that compressed the lumen of the duodenal bulb. A vascular stent graft was placed successfully over the pseudoaneurysm neck. We report the first case of the unique intraluminal appearance of an enteric fistula related to a hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607479/percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-in-ile-ife-nigeria-an-initial-report
#15
O I Alatise, M A Komolafe, E A Agbakwuru, A O Adisa, Y B Amusa
BACKGROUND: Protein-energy malnutrition is a common problem in critically ill patient and it is a major cause of accelerated morbidity and mortality in this group of patients. Recent dramatic advances in both enteral and parenteral nutritional support have ensured that most of these critically ill patients are adequately nutritionally supported. Unfortunately, most of these advancements in nutritional supports are far from the reach of most patients in developing countries. In this report, we highlighted the indications, success, challenges of the use of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in Nigeria patients...
January 2018: West African Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605022/posttransplant-complications-in-adult-recipients-of-intestine-grafts-without-bowel-decontamination
#16
Jared W Clouse, Chandrashekhar A Kubal, Jonathan A Fridell, Richard S Mangus
BACKGROUND: Selective digestive decontamination is commonly used to decrease lumenal bacterial flora. Preoperative bowel decontamination may be associated with a lower wound infection rate but has not been shown to decrease risk of intra-abdominal abscess or lower leak rate for enteric anastomoses. Alternatively, the decontamination disrupts the normal flora of the gastrointestinal tract and may affect normal physiology, including immunologic function. This study reports complication rates of an intestine transplant program that has never used bowel decontamination...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581679/balloon-inflated-catheters-for-enteral-feeding-a-word-of-caution
#17
Nihar Ranjan Dash, Anand Narayan Singh, Ragini Kilambi
Catheters with inflatable balloons such as a Foley catheter may be used for feeding gastrostomy/jejunostomy. The incorrect or improper use of these catheters can have serious consequences. We report 13 cases of feeding jejunostomy with balloon-inflated catheter's malfunction, some referred to our centre and others operated here over a period of 8 years. The most dramatic consequence of such improper use led to rupture of the small intestine due to inadvertent over-inflation (over 100 ml) of the balloon of the catheter during a contrast study...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556726/new-treatment-options-for-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Bram Verstockt, Marc Ferrante, Séverine Vermeire, Gert Van Assche
The advent of anti-TNF agents has dramatically changed the treatment algorithms for IBD in the last 15 years, but primarily and more importantly secondary loss of response is often observed. Fortunately , new treatment options have been actively explored and some have already entered our clinical practice. In the class of anti-cytokine agents, the anti-IL12/IL23 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have entered clinical practice with the anti-p40 mAb ustekinumab in Crohn's disease (CD). Also, more selective anti-IL23 agents (anti-p19) have shown efficacy and are being further developed, in contrast to agents inhibiting IL-17 downstream which have failed in clinical trials despite their clear efficacy in psoriasis (Verstockt et al...
May 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511543/total-retroperitoneal-approach-to-aortic-reconstruction-a-novel-technique-for-aorto-enteric-fistulae-and-graft-infections
#19
Abdullah Alfawaz, Jun Tashiro, Danny Sleeman, Keith Jones, Jorge Rey
Aorto-enteric fistulae pose a challenging negative outcome of aortic intervention. Treatment involves graft excision, and recently, more enthusiasm has met in situ revascularization over extra-anatomic bypass. This has been traditionally performed through the transperitoneal approach via a midline abdominal incision. We propose an exclusively total retroperitoneal technique in managing this complication with regard to both the vascular and alimentary tract technical aspects of the procedure. This involves exclusion and bypass of the affected segment followed by en-mass resection of the affected segment with the duodenum, and finally, bowel anastomosis...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506815/evaluating-complication-rates-and-outcomes-among-infants-less-than-5kg-undergoing-traditional-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-insertion-a-retrospective-chart-review
#20
Alisha R Fernandes, Tessa Elliott, Carter McInnis, Bethany Easterbrook, J Mark Walton
PURPOSE: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) enables enteral nutrition for patients with inadequate oral intake. Laparoscopic guidance of PEG insertion is used for high-risk populations, including in infants less than 5kg at insertion. This study aimed to assess complication rates with traditional PEG tube insertion in infants less than 5kg at a single tertiary care center. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients less than 5kg who underwent PEG insertion was conducted...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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